Latest Articles

March 2017
European Commission Guidance Document on "Defeat Devices" Published

To address the highly publicised "emissions scandal", the European Commission have instigated a number of changes to the European Union's legal requirements on emissions ...

February 2017
EU Regulation on the Technical Requirements for eCall Systems Published

Following the publication of EU Regulation No. 2015/758, which mandated the fitment of in-vehicle eCall systems to all new types of M1 and N1 category vehicle from 31st ...

January 2017
NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Reduce the Risk of Pedestrian Crashes by Establishing Minimum Sound Requirements for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Listen for those electric and hybrid vehicles -- soon to be heard. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Final Rule on December 14, 2016 ...

2016

December 2016
New UN ECE Regulations Created Due to "Splitting" of Existing Regulations

At their 169th session, the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), formally adopted three new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE ...

November 2016
Further Draft European Union Regulation on Real Driving Emissions Published

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 3rd October 2016, the European Commission presented their first draft of the "third package" of ...

October 2016
USDOT and NHTSA Issue Federal Automated Vehicles Policy - Accelerating the Next Revolution in Roadway Safety

The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued the long-awaited guidance document covering usage of ...

September 2016
ECE Regulation on Rear Vision Updated to Permit Camera Based Systems

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on indirect vision requirements, ECE 46.04, has recently been amended to allow the fitment of camera ...

August 2016
Draft EU Regulation on Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems (AVAS) Published

Acoustic vehicle alerting systems (AVAS) are sound generating systems fitted to pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Their purpose is to generate sound when the ...

July 2016
NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Standardize Lighting and Marking Requirements for Agricultural Equipment in US

The National Highway Transportation Association (NHTSA) has issued a rare Final Rule regarding agricultural equipment. NHTSA has not regulated the manufacture of most ...

June 2016
European Union Proposal on Heavy Duty Vehicle CO2 Emissions Published

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 12th May 2016, the European Commission presented a first draft of an EU Implementing Regulation to introduce ...

May 2016
New European Union Requirements on Real Driving Emissions Published

The new EU requirements on real driving emissions (RDE), which introduce a new "on road" emissions test using a portable emissions measuring system (PEMS), have now been ...

April 2016
Proposal to Introduce the WLTP into the EU Emissions Requirements

To address concerns that the test procedure and drive cycle currently used for light duty vehicle emissions testing, known as the New European Drive Cycle or NEDC, does ...

March 2016
European Commission Proposes New Regulation to Replace 2007/46/EC

On 27th January, 2016, the European Commission published a draft new EU Regulation on the type approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, ...

February 2016
NHTSA Requests Comments on Proposals for Revising the New Car Assessment Program

The National Highway Transportation Association (NHTSA) considers the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) a success as indicated by the continued growth in consumer ...

January 2016
New ECE Regulation on Frontal Impact Adopted

At the 167th session of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in November 2015, a new UN ECE Regulation on frontal impact was adopted. This new ...

2015

December 2015
ECE Regulation on Glazing Updated to Permit Plastic Windscreens

On 9th November, 2015, Supplement 4 to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on glazing, ECE 43.01, was published. This Supplement ...

November 2015
Amendments to the EU General Safety Regulation Proposed to Update the List of UN ECE Regulations that Apply on a Compulsory Basis

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting held on 6th October, 2015, the European Commission submitted a proposal to amend the General Safety Regulation, ( ...

October 2015
Proposal to add Particulate Matter Measurement into the EU Heavy Duty In-Service Emissions Testing Requirements

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting held on 10th September, 2015, the European Commission submitted a proposal to amend the implementing Regulation ...

September 2015
New ECE Regulation on Electric Vehicles of Category L Adopted

To compliment ECE 100.02, which covers safety requirements for vehicles of categories M and N equipped with an electric powertrain, the United Nations Economic Commission ...

August 2015
ECE Regulation on the Prevention of Fire Risks Updated to Mandate Rear Impact Testing

The 03 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 34 on the prevention of fire risks were published on 22nd June 2015. This new series of amendments requires all M1 ...

July 2015
The NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Add New Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 136 Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles

On June 23, 2015 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a Final Rule in the Federal Register that establishes a new Federal Motor Vehicle ...

June 2015
EU Regulation on eCall In-Vehicle Systems Published

On 19th May 2015, the European Union published a new Regulation, (EU) No. 2015/758, covering eCall in-vehicle systems. With effect from 31st March 2018, this new ...

May 2015
EU Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems Updated

EU Regulation No. 661/2009 introduced a requirement for the mandatory fitment of advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS) to M2, M3, N2 and N3 Category vehicles and EU ...

April 2015
The NHTSA Issues Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Amend Seat Belt Anchorage Systems Regulation

Responding to Comments Received for the March 2012 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Supplementary Notice of ...

March 2015
The NHTSA Issues NPRM to Amend Child Restraint Regulations to Improve Ease of Use

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which proposes to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards 225 and 213 ...

February 2015
EU Regulation on Passenger Car Mandatory CO2 Emissions Limits Updated to Increase the Average Vehicle Mass Value

Compliance with EU Regulation No. 443/2009 on the CO2 emissions limits for new passenger cars is demonstrated using a formula specified within the Regulation. The formula ...

January 2015
European Union Proposes New Requirements on Real Driving Emissions

To address concerns that the real world emissions performance of light duty vehicles has not improved in line with the most recent reductions in the applicable type ...

2014

December 2014
European Type Approval Requirements for Multi Stage Built Vehicles Updated

Although EC Directive 2007/46/EC on European type approval has always contained specific requirements for vehicles built in multiple stages, experience gained in the ...

November 2014
UN ECE Requirements on EMC for "Plug-in" Vehicles Updated

The 05 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 10 on electromagnetic compatibility were published on 16th October, 2014. This new series of amendments introduces ...

October 2014
New Brazilian Resolution on Interior Material Flammability Published

In August 2014, a new Resolution on the flammability of interior materials was published by Brazil's National Traffic Council (CONTRAN). In this new Resolution, ...

September 2014
The NHTSA Issues Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which proposes to create a new Federal Motor Vehicle Safety ...

August 2014
NHTSA Proposes to Remedy Two Issues by Publishing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Tire Identification and Recordkeeping

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to increase the manufacturer identifier portion of the tire ...

July 2014
New EU Regulation on Noise Emissions Published

New EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems represents the most significant change in the European legal ...

June 2014
Global Technical Regulation on Light Vehicle Emissions Test Procedure Published

With its publication as Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 15 on 12th May 2014, the finalised worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedure (WLTP) represents a ...

May 2014
NHTSA Issued Final Rule for Rear Visibility

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Final Rule expanding the required field of view for all passenger cars, trucks, multipurpose ...

April 2014
FHWA Issues Request for Information for Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has issued a Request for Information (RFI) seeking comments to help refine plans, for one or more pilot programs that combine ...

March 2014
Amendments to the EU Light Duty and Heavy Duty Emissions Requirements Proposed

The European Commission have recently published a proposal for a new EU Regulation that would introduce amendments to both the light duty and heavy duty emissions ...

February 2014
NHTSA Issues Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for FMVSS 213 Child Restraint Systems

Supplementing the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for Part 572 - Anthropomorphic Test Devices (see InterRegs Spotlight Article - December 2013), the National Highway ...

January 2014
EU Requirements on Motorcycle Emissions and Lighting Installation Updated

Amending Directive 2013/60/EU was published on 10th December 2013. It increases the stringency of the emissions requirements applicable to L1e, L2e and L6e category ...

2013

December 2013
NHTSA Issues Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for 3 Year Old Side Impact Dummy

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) that would amend Part 572 - Anthropomorphic Test Devices ( ...

November 2013
ECE Requirements on Driver's Vision Updated

In order to enhance the fields of vision available to the drivers of motor vehicles, two of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulations ...

October 2013
ECE Regulation on Electric Power Trains Updated

The 02 series of amendments to ECE 100 on electric power trains, which introduce new requirements, and associated test procedures, on the performance of rechargeable ...

September 2013
NHTSA Issued Final Rule for 49CFR Parts 573, 577 and 579

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Final Rule adopting amendments to certain provisions of the early warning reporting (EWR) rule and ...

August 2013
Second "Eco-Innovation" Approval Published by the European Commission

On 29th June 2013, the European Commission granted "approval" to a second eco-innovation. This "approval", details of which are given in Commission Implementing Decision ...

July 2013
South Africa Proposes Mandatory Compliance with ECE 100.01 for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

On 31st May 2013, the South African Department of Trade and Industry published proposed amendments to the compulsory specifications for both M1 and N1 category vehicles ...

June 2013
Updates to EU Requirements on Special Purpose Vehicles Proposed

At the Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 8th May 2013, the European Commission presented their first draft of a Regulation to update the special ...

May 2013
NHTSA Requesting Comments on Revisions to New Car Assessment Program (NCAP)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Request for Comments asking the public for assistance in improving the New Car Assessment Program ...

April 2013
New EU Type Approval Framework Regulations for Motorcycles and Agricultural Tractors Published

On 2nd March 2013, two new EU type approval "framework" Regulations were published; EU Regulation No. 167/2013 covering agricultural and forestry tractors and EU ...

March 2013
NHTSA Moving Ahead with Rulemaking for Quiet Vehicles

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued an NPRM to require minimum sound requirements for hybrid (HV) and electric vehicles (EV), Federal ...

February 2013
EU Publishes new Regulation on Masses and Dimensions

On 21st December 2012, the new EU Implementing Regulation on masses and dimensions, (EU) No. 1230/2012, was finally published. This new Implementing Regulation not only ...

January 2013
Rulemaking to Rescind FMVSS 219-Windshield Zone Intrusion is Withdrawn

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has withdrawn a proposal to rescind Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) 219 - Windshield Zone ...

2012

December 2012
Proposal for Adding FMVSS 226 Exemption to Part 595

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to amend 49CFR Part 595 - Make Inoperative Exemptions. The ...

November 2012
NHTSA Proposal to Address Early Warning Reporting (EWR), Foreign Defect Reporting, and Motor Vehicle and Equipment Recall Regulations

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to revise a currently approved information collection. ...

October 2012
NHTSA Issues Final Rule Amending FMVSS 122 - Motorcycle Brake Systems

On August 24, 2012, NHTSA published a Final Rule (Vol. 77, Number 165; Docket No. NHTSA-2012-0123) amending requirements for FMVSS No. 122 - Motorcycle Brake Systems. ...

September 2012
NHTSA has issued a Final Rule in response to Petitions for Reconsideration for Part 563 Event Data Recorders

NHTSA has published a Final Rule amending requirements for voluntarily installed event data recorders. This action responds to three Petitions for Reconsiderations ...

August 2012
EU Proposals on "Long Term" CO2 Emissions Limits Published

On 11th July 2012, the European Commission published two proposed Regulations confirming the "long term" CO2 emissions targets for passenger cars and for light ...

July 2012
NHTSA Proposes a New FMVSS for Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles

NHTSA has published a NPRM which proposes to add 49CFR Part 571 FMVSS 136 - Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles. This proposal aims to require ...

June 2012
New EU Regulations on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems and Lane Departure Warning Systems Published

After many months of discussion and negotiation, the Implementing Regulations covering the detailed technical requirements for advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS), ...

May 2012
NHTSA Proposes to Amend 49CFR Part 571 FMVSS 124 on Accelerator Control Systems

NHTSA is proposing to revise 49CFR Part 571 FMVSS 124 on accelerator control systems by amending the Standard to more fully address the failure modes of electronic ...

April 2012
UN ECE Regulation on EMC Updated to Cover Electric Vehicle Charging

The 04 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 10, which were published on 13th March 2012, introduce new requirements to specifically cover vehicles with an ...

March 2012
New EU Regulation on Gear Shift Indicators Published

After many months of consultation and negotiation, the new EU Implementing Regulation for (EC) No. 661/2009 containing the technical requirements for gear shift ...

February 2012
ECE Regulation on Commercial Vehicle Cab Safety Updated

On 4th January 2012, the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) published an 03 series of amendments to Regulation No. 29 on commercial vehicle cab safety ...

January 2012
US Proposal to Amend 49 CFR Part 571 FMVSS 114 - Theft Protection and Rollaway Prevention

On December 12, 2011 the NHTSA published a NPRM which proposes to standardize the operation of controls that are used to stop the vehicle engine or other propulsion ...

August 2016

Draft EU Regulation on Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems (AVAS) Published

Although pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles offer significant environmental benefits in terms of reduced air pollution, noise pollution and fossil fuel usage, their almost silent operation at low speeds has created a potential safety issue. In urban situations, the lack of noise generated by pure electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles operating without their internal combustion engine running has removed an important acoustic signal used by pedestrians, especially blind or visually impaired pedestrians, and other vulnerable road users, such as cyclists, to determine the presence, position and direction of motion of such vehicles.

To address this situation, some years ago, it was proposed that all pure electric vehicles and all hybrid electric vehicles capable of operating without their internal combustion engine running be fitted with some form of sound generating device that would emit sound whenever the vehicle was operating at low speeds to warn pedestrians and other vulnerable road users of the vehicle's presence. In 2010, work began within the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) to develop the requirements and specifications for such sound generating devices, which became known as acoustic vehicle alerting systems (AVAS). The new UN ECE Regulation which was created as a result of this work, UN ECE Regulation No. 138, was adopted by the World Forum for the Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in March 2016 and is expected to be formally published in October 2016.

From a European Union (EU) perspective, the European Commission actively participated in the drafting of ECE 138 with a view to adopting it into EU legislation once it was finalised and published. However, in 2014, when the EU published their new Regulation on the sound levels produced by motor vehicles, EU Regulation No. 540/2014, they took the opportunity to include some requirements on AVAS into it. At that stage, the requirements of ECE 138 had not been finalised and only the basic requirements for AVAS had been agreed. Therefore, only those basic requirements were included into EU Regulation No. 540/2014 along with a commitment to include more detailed requirements on AVAS once the UN ECE had concluded their work on AVAS.

Now that the requirements of ECE 138 have been finalised and agreed, the European Commission have begun the process to introduce the detailed requirements from ECE 138 into EU Regulation No. 540/2014 and a draft EU Regulation to achieve this was presented by the European Commission at a Motor Vehicles Working Group (MVWG) meeting on 5th July 2016. This draft EU Regulation basically aligns the AVAS requirements in (EU) No. 540/2014 with those specified in ECE 138 by introducing specific references to the ECE 138 requirements in (EU) No. 540/2014.

With regard to introduction dates, it is proposed that requirements introduced by this new EU Regulation would enter into force three days after the Regulation is published in the Official Journal. However, the introduction dates for the mandatory fitment of AVAS would remain as originally specified in (EU) No. 540/2014, i.e. the fitment of AVAS to pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles becomes mandatory from 1st July 2019 for new types of vehicle and from 1st July 2021 for all new vehicles, and any AVAS systems that are fitted voluntarily ahead of these dates must comply with the applicable requirements.

Nick Bowyer