Regulation No. 101-00

Name:Regulation No. 101-00
Description:Emission of CO2 - Fuel Consumption - Electrical Vehicle Consumption and Range.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Passenger Cars Powered by an Internal Combustion Engine Only, or Powered by a Hybrid Electric Power Train with Regard to the Measurement of the Emission of Carbon Dioxide and Fuel Consumption and/or the Measurement of Electric Energy Consumption and Electric Range, and of Categories M1 and N1 Vehicles Powered by an Electric Power Train Only with Regard to the Measurement of Electric Energy Consumption and Electric Range.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1997-02-28
Amendment Level:00 Series, Supplement 9
Number of Pages:112
Vehicle Types:Car, Light Truck
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

vehicle, electric, test, annex, type, power, consumption, fuel, energy, paragraph, manufacturer, vehicles, approval, cycle, procedure, engine, regulation, battery, charge, mass, number, speed, device, measurement, system, maximum, storage, cycles, hybrid, range, defined, electrical, train, powered, emission, description, emissions, operating, tests, measured, case, regeneration, make, temperature, technical, state, time, means, discharge, service

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev.2/Add.100/Rev.2/Amend.3
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
October 4, 2010
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 101-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
PASSENGER CARS POWERED BY AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ONLY, OR
POWERED BY A HYBRID ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN WITH REGARD TO THE
MEASUREMENT OF THE EMISSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND FUEL CONSUMPTION
AND/OR THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ELECTRIC
RANGE, AND OF CATEGORIES M AND N VEHICLES POWERED BY AN ELECTRIC
POWER TRAIN ONLY WITH REGARD TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY
CONSUMPTION AND ELECTRIC RANGE
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 01.01.97
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.08.97
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 14.05.98
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 05.02.00
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.09.01
Supplement 5 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 31.01.03
Supplement 6 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.04.05
Supplement 7 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.07
Supplement 8 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.07.09
Supplement 9 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.08.10

REGULATION No. 101-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF PASSENGER CARS POWERED BY
AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ONLY, OR POWERED BY A HYBRID ELECTRIC POWER
TRAIN WITH REGARD TO THE MEASUREMENT OF THE EMISSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND
FUEL CONSUMPTION AND/OR THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION
AND ELECTRIC RANGE, AND OF CATEGORIES M AND N VEHICLES POWERED BY AN
ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN ONLY WITH REGARD TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY
CONSUMPTION AND ELECTRIC RANGE
REGULATION
CONTENTS
1.
Scope
2.
Definitions
3.
Application for approval
4.
Approval
5.
Specifications and tests
6.
Modification and extension of approval of the approved type
7.
Conditions of extension of the type approval for vehicle type
8.
Special provisions
9.
Conformity of production
10.
Penalties for non-conformity of production
11.
Production definitively discontinued
12.
Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests and of
administrative departments
ANNEXES
Annex 1
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4
Annex 5
Annex 6
Annex 7
– Essential characteristics of the vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine only and
information concerning the conduct of tests
– Essential characteristics of the vehicle powered by an electric power train only and
information concerning the conduct of tests
– Essential characteristics of the vehicle powered by a hybrid electric power train and
information concerning the conduct of tests
– Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval
or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to Regulation No. 101
– Arrangements of approval marks
– Method of measuring emissions of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption of vehicles
powered by an internal combustion engine only
– Method of measuring the electric energy consumption of vehicles powered by an electric
power train only
Annex 7 – Appendix

Determination of the total road load power of a
vehicle powered by an electric power train only, and
calibration of the dynamometer

REGULATION No. 101-01
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF PASSENGER CARS POWERED BY
AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ONLY, OR POWERED BY A HYBRID ELECTRIC POWER
TRAIN WITH REGARD TO THE MEASUREMENT OF THE EMISSION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND
FUEL CONSUMPTION AND/OR THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION
AND ELECTRIC RANGE, AND OF CATEGORIES M AND N VEHICLES POWERED BY AN
ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN ONLY WITH REGARD TO THE MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC ENERGY
CONSUMPTION AND ELECTRIC RANGE
1. SCOPE
This Regulation applies to vehicles of Categories M and N with regard to:
(a)
(b)
The measurement of the emission of carbon dioxide (CO ) and fuel consumption
and/or to the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range of
vehicles powered by an internal combustion engine only or by a hybrid electric power
train.
And to the measurement of electric energy consumption and electric range of
vehicles powered by an electric power train only.
It does not apply to a Category N vehicle if both:
(a)
(b)
The engine type fitted to that type of vehicle has received type-approval pursuant to
Regulation No. 49, and
The total annual worldwide production of N vehicles of the manufacturer is less than
2000 units.
2. DEFINITIONS
For the purposes of this Regulation,
2.1. "Approval of a Vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the
measurement of energy consumption (fuel or electric energy).
2.2. "Vehicle Type" means a category of power driven vehicles which do not differ in such
essential respects as body, power train, transmission, traction battery (if applicable) tyres
and unladen mass;
2.3. "Unladen Mass" means the mass of the vehicle in running order without crew, passengers
or load, but with the fuel tank full (if any), cooling liquid, service and traction batteries, oils,
onboard charger, portable charger, tools and spare wheel, whatever is appropriate for the
vehicle considered and if provided by the manufacturer of the vehicle;
2.4. "Reference Mass" means the unladen mass of the vehicle increased by a uniform figure of
100kg;

2.17. "Hybrid Vehicle (HV)" means a vehicle powered by a hybrid power train;
2.17.1. "Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)" means a vehicle powered by a hybrid electric power train;
2.18. "Electric Range", for vehicles powered by an electric power train only or by a hybrid
electric power train with off-vehicle charging, means distance that can be driven electrically
on one fully charged battery (or other electric energy storage device) as measured
according to the procedure described in Annex 9.
2.19. "Periodically Regenerating System" means an anti-pollution device (e.g. catalytic
converter, particulate trap) that requires a periodical regeneration process in less than
4,000km of normal vehicle operation. If a regeneration of an anti-pollution device occurs at
least once per Type I test and that has already regenerated at least once during the vehicle
preparation cycle, it will be considered as a continuously regenerating system, which does
not require a special test procedure. Annex 10 does not apply to continuously regenerating
systems.
At the request of the manufacturer, the test procedure specific to periodically regenerating
systems will not apply to a regenerative device if the manufacturer provides data to the Type
Approval Authority that, during cycles where regeneration occurs, emission of CO does not
exceed the declared value by more than 4% after agreement of the Technical Service.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the measurement of the
emission of carbon dioxide and fuel consumption and/or to the measurement of electric
energy consumption and electric range shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by
his duly accredited representative.
3.2. It shall be accompanied by the under-mentioned documents in triplicate and the following
particulars:
3.2.1. A description of the essential characteristics of the vehicle comprising all the particulars
referred to in Annex 1, Annex 2 or Annex 3, depending on the power train type. At the
request of the Technical Service in charge of the tests or the manufacturer, complementary
technical information could be considered for specific vehicles which are particularly fuel
efficient.
3.2.2. Description of the basic features of the vehicle, including those used in drafting Annex 4.
3.3. A vehicle, representative of the vehicle type to be approved, shall be submitted to the
Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests. For M and N vehicles,
type-approved with respect to their emissions according to Regulation No. 83, the Technical
Service will check during the test that this vehicle, if powered by an internal combustion
engine only or by a hybrid electric power train, conforms to the limit values applicable to that
type, as described in Regulation No. 83.
3.4. The competent Authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory provisions to ensure an
effective check of conformity of production before approval of the vehicle type is granted.

5. SPECIFICATIONS AND TESTS
5.1. General
The components liable to affect the emissions of CO and fuel consumption or the electric
energy consumption shall be so designed, constructed and assembled as to enable the
vehicle, in normal use, despite the vibrations to which it may be subjected, to comply with
the provisions of this Regulation.
5.2. Description of Tests for Vehicles Powered by an Internal Combustion Engine only
5.2.1. The emissions of CO and fuel consumption shall be measured according to the test
procedure described in Annex 6. Vehicles which do not attain the acceleration and
maximum speed values required in the test cycle must be operated with the accelerator
control fully depressed until they once again reach the required operating curve. Deviations
from the test cycle must be recorded in the test report.
5.2.2. For CO emissions the results of the test must be expressed in grams per kilometre (g/km)
rounded to the nearest whole number.
5.2.3. Fuel consumption values must be expressed in litres per 100km (in the case of petrol, LPG
or diesel) or in m per 100km (in the case of NG), and are calculated according to
Paragraph 1.4.3. of Annex 6 by the carbon balance method using the measured emissions
of CO and the other carbon related emissions (CO and HC). The results will be rounded to
the first decimal place.
5.2.4. The appropriate reference fuels as defined in Annex 10 to Regulation No. 83 shall be used
for testing.
For liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and natural gas (NG) that reference fuel shall be used
which is chosen by the manufacturer for the measurement of the net power in accordance
with Regulations No. 85. The chosen fuel shall be specified in the communication document
as defined in Annex 3 to this Regulation.
For the purpose of calculation mentioned in Paragraph 5.2.3., the fuel consumption shall be
expressed in appropriate units and the following fuel characteristics shall be used:
(1) Density: measured on the test fuel according to ISO 3675 or an equivalent method.
For petrol and diesel fuel the density measured at 15°C will be used; for LPG and
natural gas a reference density will be used, as follows:
0.538kg/litre for LPG
0.654kg/m for NG
(2) Hydrogen-carbon ratio: fixed values will be used which are:
C H
for petrol (E0)
C H
for diesel fuel (B0)
C H
for LPG
C H
for NG
C H
O
for petrol (E5)
C H
O
for diesel fuel (B5)

5.5.2. If the measured value of CO or electric energy consumption exceeds the manufacturer's
declared CO or electric energy consumption value by more than 4%, then another test is
run on the same vehicle.
When the average of the two test results does not exceed the manufacturer's declared
value by more than 4%, then the value declared by the manufacturer is taken as the type
approval value.
5.5.3. If the average still exceeds the declared value by more than 4%, a final test is run on the
same vehicle. The average of the three test results is taken as the type approval value.
6. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF THE APPROVED TYPE
6.1. Every modification of the approved type shall be notified to the administrative department
which approved the type. The department may then either:
6.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect on
the values of CO and fuel consumption or electric energy consumption and that, in this
case, the original approval will be valid for the modified vehicle type; or
6.1.2. Require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests
according to conditions in Paragraph 7. of this Regulation
6.2. Confirmation or extension of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. to the Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this
Regulation.
6.3. The competent Authority which grants the extension of the approval shall assign a series
number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement
applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in
Annex 4 to this Regulation.
7. CONDITIONS OF EXTENSION OF THE TYPE APPROVAL FOR VEHICLE TYPE
7.1. Vehicles Powered by an Internal Combustion Engine only, except Vehicles Equipped
with a Periodically Regenerating Emission Control System
The type approval can be extended to vehicles from the same type or from a different type
differing with regard to the following characteristics of Annex 4 if the CO emissions
measured by the Technical Service do not exceed the type approved value by more than
4% for vehicles of Category M and 6% for vehicles of Category N :
7.1.1. Reference Mass.
7.1.2. Maximum Authorised Mass.

7.4.3. Type of Bodywork:
(a)
For M :
saloon, hatchback, station wagon, coupe, convertible, multipurpose
vehicle
(b) For N : lorry, van.
7.4.4. With respect to a change in any other characteristic extensions may be granted after
agreement with the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests.
7.5. Extension of Approval of Vehicles of Category N within a Family, if Powered by an
Internal Combustion Engine only or by a Hybrid Electric Power Train
7.5.1. For vehicles of Category N that are approved as members of a vehicle family using the
procedure in Paragraph 7.6.2., the type-approval can be extended to vehicles from within
the same family only if the Technical Service estimates that the fuel consumption of the new
vehicle does not exceed the fuel consumption of the vehicle on which the family's fuel
consumption is based.
Approvals may also be extended to vehicles which:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Are up to 110kg heavier than the family member tested, provided that they are within
220kg of the lightest member of the family,
Have a lower overall transmission ratio than the family member tested due solely to a
change in tyre sizes, and
Conform with the family in all other respects.
7.5.2. For vehicles of Category N that are approved as members of a vehicle family using the
procedure in Paragraph 7.6.3., the type-approval can be extended to vehicles from within
the same family without additional testing only if the Technical Service estimates that the
fuel consumption of the new vehicle falls within the limits made up of those two vehicles in
the family that have the lowest and the highest fuel consumption, respectively.
7.6. Approval of Vehicles of Category N within a Family, if Powered by an Internal
Combustion Engine only or by a Hybrid Electric Power Train
Vehicles of Category N can be approved within a family as defined in Paragraph 7.6.1.
using one of the two alternative methods described in Paragraphs 7.6.2. and 7.6.3.
7.6.1. N vehicles may be grouped together into a family for the purposes of this Regulation if the
following parameters are identical or within the specified limits:
7.6.1.1. Identical parameters are:
(a) Manufacturer and type as defined in Annex 4,Item 2.,
(b)
Engine capacity,

9.3. Vehicles Powered by an Internal Combustion Engine only
9.3.1. As a general rule, measures to ensure the conformity of production with regard to CO
emissions from vehicles are checked on the basis of the description in the type approval
certificate conforming to the model in Annex 4 of this Regulation.
The control of production conformity is based on an assessment made by the competent
Authority of the manufacturers auditing procedure in order to ensure conformity of the
vehicle type with respect to the emission of CO .
If the Authority is not satisfied with the standard of the manufacturer's auditing procedure,
they may require that verification tests be carried out on vehicles in production.
9.3.1.1. If a measurement of the emissions of CO must be carried out on a vehicle type that has
had one or several extensions, the tests will be carried out on the vehicle(s) available at the
time of the test (vehicle(s) described in the first document or in subsequent extensions).
9.3.1.1.1. Conformity of the vehicle for the CO test.
9.3.1.1.1.1. Three vehicles are randomly taken in the series and are tested according to the procedure
as described in Annex 6.
9.3.1.1.1.2. If the Authority is satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the manufacturer,
the tests are carried out according to Paragraph 9.3.2.
If the Authority is not satisfied with the production standard deviation given by the
manufacturer, the tests are carried out according to Paragraph 9.3.3.
9.3.1.1.1.3. The production of a series is regarded as conforming or non-conforming, on the basis of
tests on the three sampled vehicles, once a pass or fail decision is reached for CO ,
according to the test criteria applied in the appropriate table.
If no pass or fail decision is reached for CO , a test is carried out on an additional vehicle
(see Figure 1).
9.3.1.1.1.4. In the case of periodically regenerating systems as defined in Paragraph 2.16., the results
shall be multiplied by the factor K obtained by the procedure specified in Annex 10 at the
time when type approval was granted.
At the request of the manufacturer, testing may be carried out immediately after a
regeneration has been completed.

The value of EC may be less than 1.
The following vehicles will not be subjected to the running-in procedure, but their zero km
emissions will be modified by the evolution coefficient, EC.
In this case, the values to be taken will be:
The value at 'x' km for the first vehicle;
The values at zero km multiplied by the evolution coefficient for the following vehicles.
9.3.1.1.2.3. As an alternative to this procedure, the car manufacturer can use a fixed evolution
coefficient, EC, of 0.92 and multiply all values of CO measured at zero km by this factor.
9.3.1.1.2.4. The reference fuels described in Annex 9 of Regulation No. 83 shall be used for this test.
9.3.2. Conformity of Production when Manufacturer's Statistical Data is Available.
9.3.2.1. The following sections describe the procedure to be used to verify the CO conformity of
production requirements when the manufacturer's production standard deviation is
satisfactory.
9.3.2.2. With a minimum sample size of three the sampling procedure is set so that the probability of
a lot passing a test with 40% of the production defective is 0.95 (producer's risk = 5%) while
the probability of a lot being accepted with 65% of the production defective is 0.1
(consumer's risk = 10%).
9.3.2.3. The following procedure is used (see Figure 1).
Let L be the natural logarithm of the CO type approval value:
x = The natural logarithm of the measurement for the i-th vehicle of the sample;
s
=
An estimate of the production standard deviation (after taking the natural
logarithm of the measurements);
n = The current sample number.
9.3.2.4. Compute for the sample, the test statistic quantifying the sum of the standardised deviations
to the limit and defined as:
9.3.2.5. Then:
1
s
∑ ( L − x )
9.3.2.5.1. If the test statistic is greater than the pass decision number for the sample given in Table 1,
a pass decision is reached;
9.3.2.5.2. If the test statistic is less than the fail decision number for the sample size given in Table 1,
a fail decision is reached;

9.3.3.3. The measurement of CO is considered to be log normally distributed and should first be
transformed by taking the natural logarithms. Let m and m denote the minimum and
maximum sample sizes respectively (m = 3 and m = 32) and let n denote the current
sample number.
9.3.3.4. If the natural logarithms of the measurements in the series as x , x , ..., x and L is the
natural logarithm of the CO type approval value, then define:
d
= x
− L
d
1
= ∑d
n
v
1
= (d
n

− d
)
9.3.3.5. Table 2 shows values of the pass (A ) and fail (B ) decision numbers against current sample
number. The test statistic is the ratio d /v and shall be used to determine whether the series
has passed or failed as follows:
For m ≤ n ≤ m:
9.3.3.5.1. Pass the series if d /v ≤ A ;
9.3.3.5.2. Fail the series if d /v ≥ B ;
9.3.3.5.3. Take another measurement if A < d /v < B .

9.4. Vehicles Powered by an Electric Power Train only
As a general rule, measures to ensure the conformity of production with regard to electric
energy consumption is checked on the basis of the description in the type approval
certificate set out in Annex 4 to this Regulation.
9.4.1. The holder of the approval shall, in particular:
9.4.1.1. Ensure the existence of procedures for the effective control of production quality;
9.4.1.2. Have access to the equipment necessary for checking conformity with each approved type;
9.4.1.3. Ensure that the data concerning the test result are recorded and that the annexed
documents are available during a period to be agreed with the administrative service;
9.4.1.4. Analyse the results of each type of test so as to monitor and ensure the consistency of the
characteristics of the product, taking into account the variations admissible in industrial
manufacture;
9.4.1.5. Make sure that for each type of vehicle tests prescribed in Annex 7 to this Regulation are
carried out; notwithstanding the requirements of Paragraph 2.3.1.6. of Annex 7, at the
request of the manufacturer, the tests will be carried out on vehicles which have not
travelled any distance.
9.4.1.6. Make sure that any collections of samples or test pieces demonstrating non-conformity with
the type test under consideration is followed by a subsequent sampling and a further test.
All necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of production.
9.4.2. The competent authorities issuing the approval may verify at any time the methods applied
in each production unit.
9.4.2.1. In every inspection, the records of tests and production monitoring shall be communicated
to the visiting inspector.
9.4.2.2. The inspector may select at random the samples to be tested in the manufacturer's
laboratory. The minimum number of samples may be determined on the basis of the results
of the manufacturer's own checks.
9.4.2.3. When the quality standard does not seem satisfactory or when it seems necessary to verify
the validity of the tests conducted under Paragraph 9.4.2.2., the inspector shall collect
samples to be sent to the Technical Service which carried out the approval tests.
9.4.2.4. The competent Authorities may carry out all the tests prescribed in this Regulation.
9.5. Vehicles Powered by a Hybrid Electric Power Train
As a general rule, measures to ensure the conformity of production with regard to CO
emissions and electric energy consumption from hybrid electric vehicles is checked on the
basis of the description in the type approval certificate conforming to the model in Annex 4
of this Regulation.
The control of production conformity is based on an assessment made by the competent
Authority of the manufacturer's auditing procedure in order to ensure conformity of the
vehicle type with respect to the emission of CO and the electric energy consumption.

ANNEX 1
ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE POWERED BY AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION
ENGINE ONLY AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE CONDUCT OF TESTS
The following information, when applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and shall include a summary.
If there are drawings, they shall be to an appropriate scale and show sufficient detail. They shall be
presented in A4 format or folded to that format. In the case of microprocessor controlled functions,
appropriate operating information shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (name of manufacturer): .......................................................................................
1.2. Type and commercial description (mention any variants): .............................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle: ...............................................
1.3.1. Location of that mark: .....................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle: ........................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................
1.6. Name and address of manufacturer's authorised representative where appropriate:
.........................................................................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: ............................................
2.2. Powered axles (number, position, interconnection): ......................................................
3. MASSES (kilograms) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork in running order, or mass of the chassis with cab if
the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork (including coolant, oils, fuel, tools, spare
wheel and driver): ...........................................................................................................
3.2. Technically permissible maximum laden mass as stated by the manufacturer: .............
4. DESCRIPTION OF POWER TRAIN AND POWER TRAIN COMPONENTS
4.1. Internal combustion engine
4.1.1. Engine manufacturer: .....................................................................................................
4.1.2. Manufacturer's engine code (as marked on the engine, or other means of
identification): ..................................................................................................................
4.1.2.1. Working principle: positive-ignition/compression-ignition, four-stroke/two-stroke

4.1.4.1.5. Cold start system: manual/automatic
4.1.4.1.5.1. Operating principle: .........................................................................................................
4.1.4.1.5.2. Operating limits/settings: ...........................................................................................
4.1.4.2. By fuel injection (compression-ignition only): yes/no
4.1.4.2.1. System description: ........................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.2. Working principle: direct-injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber
4.1.4.2.3. Injection pump
4.1.4.2.3.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.3.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.3.3. Maximum fuel delivery : ................... mm / stroke or cycle at a pump speed
of : ............. min or characteristic diagram: ............................................................
4.1.4.2.3.4. Injection timing: ............................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.3.5. Injection advance curve: ..............................................................................................
4.1.4.2.3.6. Calibration procedure: test bench/engine ....................................................................
4.1.4.2.4. Governor
4.1.4.2.4.1. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.4.2. Cut-off point:
4.1.4.2.4.2.1. Cut-off point under load: ........................................................................................ min
4.1.4.2.4.2.2. Cut-off point without load: ...................................................................................... min
4.1.4.2.4.3. Idling speed: ........................................................................................................... min
4.1.4.2.5. Injector(s):
4.1.4.2.5.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.5.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.2.5.3. Opening pressure : ........... kPa or characteristic diagram: .........................................
4.1.4.2.6. Cold start system
4.1.4.2.6.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................

4.1.4.4.1. Pressure: ........... kPa or characteristic diagram: ........................................................
4.1.4.5. By LPG fuelling system: ......... yes/no
4.1.4.5.1. Approval number according to Regulation No. 67 and documentation: .........................
4.1.4.5.2. Electronic Engine Management Control Unit for LPG-fuelling:
4.1.4.5.2.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.5.2.2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.4.5.2.3. Emission related adjustment possibilities: ......................................................................
4.1.4.5.3. Further documentation:
4.1.4.5.3.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to LPG or
back: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.4.5.3.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation
hoses, etc): .....................................................................................................................
4.1.4.5.3.3. Drawing of the symbol: ...................................................................................................
4.1.4.6. By NG fuelling system: .......... yes/no
4.1.4.6.1. Approval number according to Regulation No. 67: .........................................................
4.1.4.6.2. Electronic Engine Management Control Unit for NG-fuelling:
4.1.4.6.2.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.4.6.2.2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.4.6.2.3. Emission related adjustment possibilities: ......................................................................
4.1.4.6.3. Further documentation:
4.1.4.6.3.1. Description of the safeguarding of the catalyst at switch-over from petrol to NG or
back: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.4.6.3.2. System lay-out (electrical connections, vacuum connections compensation hoses,
etc.): ................................................................................................................................
4.1.4.6.3.3. Drawing of the symbol: ...................................................................................................
4.1.5. Ignition
4.1.5.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................

4.1.7.3.2. Air filter, drawings: .............................. , or
4.1.7.3.2.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.7.3.2.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.1.7.3.3. Intake silencer, drawings: ................... , or
4.1.7.3.3.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.1.7.3.3.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.1.8. Exhaust system
4.1.8.1. Description and drawings of the exhaust system: ..........................................................
4.1.9. Valve timing or equivalent data:
4.1.9.1. Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative
distribution systems, in relation to dead centres: ............................................................
4.1.9.2. Reference and/or setting ranges: ................................................................................
4.1.10. Lubricant used:
4.1.10.1. Make: ..............................................................................................................................
4.1.10.2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.1.11. Measures taken against air pollution:
4.1.11.1. Device for recycling crankcase gases (description and drawings): ................................
4.1.11.2. Additional pollution control devices (if any, and if not covered by another heading:
4.1.11.2.1. Catalytic converter: yes/no
4.1.11.2.1.1. Number of catalytic converters and elements: ...............................................................
4.1.11.2.1.2. Dimensions and shape of the catalytic converter(s) (volume,...): ...................................
4.1.11.2.1.3. Type of catalytic action: ..................................................................................................
4.1.11.2.1.4. Total charge of precious metal: ......................................................................................
4.1.11.2.1.5. Relative concentration: ...................................................................................................
4.1.11.2.1.6. Substrate (structure and material): .................................................................................
4.1.11.2.1.7. Cell density: ....................................................................................................................
4.1.11.2.1.8. Type of casing for catalytic converter(s): ........................................................................

4.1.11.2.5.4.2. Description of method employed to determine the number of cycles between two
cycles where regenerative phases occur: ......................................................................
4.1.11.2.5.4.3. Parameters to determine the level of loading required before regeneration occurs
(i.e. temperature, pressure, etc.): ...................................................................................
4.1.11.2.5.4.4. Description of method used to load system in the test procedure described in
Paragraph 3.1. of Annex 10: ...........................................................................................
4.1.11.2.6. Other systems (description and working principle): ........................................................
4.2. Power train control unit
4.2.1. Make: ..............................................................................................................................
4.2.2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.2.3. Identification number: .....................................................................................................
4.3. Transmission
4.3.1. Clutch (type): ...................................................................................................................
4.3.1.1. Maximum torque conversion: ..........................................................................................
4.3.2. Gearbox: .........................................................................................................................
4.3.2.1. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.3.2.2. Location relative to the engine: .......................................................................................
4.3.2.3. Method of control: ...........................................................................................................
4.3.3. Gear ratios
Maximum for CVT
1
2
3
4, 5, others
Minimum for CVT
Reverse
Gearbox ratios Final drive ratios Total ratios
CVT − Continuously variable transmission

ANNEX 2
ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE POWERED BY AN ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN
ONLY AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE CONDUCT OF TESTS
The following information, when applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and shall include a summary.
If there are drawings, they shall be to an appropriate scale and show sufficient detail. They shall be
presented in A4 format or folded to that format. In the case of microprocessor controlled functions,
appropriate operating information shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (name of manufacturer): ..................................................................................................
1.2. Type and commercial description (mention any variants): .......................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle: .........................................................
1.3.1. Location of that mark: ...............................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle: ..................................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6. Name and address of manufacturer’s authorised representative where appropriate: ..............
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Powered axles (number, position, interconnection): .................................................................
3. MASSES (kilograms) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork in running order, or mass of the chassis with cab if the
manufacturer does not fit the bodywork (including coolant, oils, fuel, tools, spare wheel and
driver): .......................................................................................................................................
3.2. Technically permissible maximum laden mass as stated by the manufacturer: .......................
4. DESCRIPTION OF THE POWER TRAIN AND POWER TRAIN COMPONENTS
4.1. General description of electric power train
4.1.1. Make: ........................................................................................................................................
4.1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
4.1.3. Use : Monomotor/multimotors (number): ...............................................................................

4.3. Electric Motor
4.3.1. Working principle:
4.3.1.1. direct current/alternating current ...... /number of phases: ......................................................
4.3.1.2. separate excitation/series/compound
4.3.1.3. synchronous/asynchronous
4.3.1.4. coiled rotor/with permanent magnets/with housing
4.3.1.5. number of poles of the motor: ...................................................................................................
4.3.2. Inertia mass: ..............................................................................................................................
4.4. Power controller
4.4.1. Make
4.4.2. Type
4.4.3. Control principle: vectorial/open loop/closed/other (to be specified): .....................................
4.4.4. Maximum effective current supplied to the motor: .............................................................. A
during ...................................................................................................................................... s
4.4.5. Voltage range use: ..................................... V to ................................................................... V
4.5. Cooling system:
motor: ........................................................................................................................ liquid/air
controller: ................................................................................................................. liquid/air
4.5.1. Liquid-cooling equipment characteristics:
4.5.1.1. Nature of the liquid ..................................... circulating pumps: yes/no
4.5.1.2. Characteristics or make(s) and type(s) of the pump: ................................................................
4.5.1.3. Thermostat: setting: ..................................................................................................................
4.5.1.4. Radiator: drawing(s) or make(s) and type(s): ...........................................................................
4.5.1.5. Relief valve: pressure setting: ...................................................................................................
4.5.1.6. Fan: characteristics or make(s) and type(s): ............................................................................
4.5.1.7. Fan duct: ...................................................................................................................................

4.9.3.
Number of gear ratios: ..............................................................................................................
4.9.3.1.
Gear
Wheel speed
Gear ratio
Motor speed
1
2
3
4
5
Reverse
minimum CVT (Continuous Variable Transmission): ................................................................
maximum CVT: .........................................................................................................................
4.9.4. Recommendations for changing the gears
5. CHARGER
1 → 2: .......................................
2 → 1: .............................
2 → 3: .......................................
3 → 2: .............................
3 → 4: .......................................
4 → 3: .............................
4 → 5: .......................................
5 → 4: .............................
overdrive in: ..............................
overdrive out: .................
5.1. Charger: onboard/external
In case of an external unit, define the charger (trademark, model): .........................................
...................................................................................................................................................
5.2. Description of the normal profile of charge: ..............................................................................
5.3. Specification of mains:
5.3.1. Type of mains: single phase/three phase
5.3.2. Voltage: .....................................................................................................................................
5.4. Rest period recommended between the end of the discharge and the start of the charge: .....
5.5. Theoretical duration of a complete charge: ..............................................................................

ANNEX 3
ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE POWERED BY A HYBRID ELECTRIC POWER
TRAIN AND INFORMATION CONCERNING THE CONDUCT OF TESTS
The following information, when applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and shall include a summary.
If there are drawings, they shall be to an appropriate scale and show sufficient detail. They shall be
presented in A4 format or folded to that format. In the case of microprocessor controlled functions,
appropriate operating information shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (name of manufacturer): .......................................................................................
1.2. Type and commercial description (mention any variants): .............................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle: ...............................................
1.3.1. Location of that mark: .....................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle: ........................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................
1.6. Name and address of manufacturer’s authorised representative where appropriate: ...
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: ............................................
2.2. Powered axles (number, position, interconnection): ......................................................
3. MASSES (kilograms) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork in running order, or mass of the chassis with cab if
the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork (including coolant, oils, fuel, tools, spare
wheel and driver): ...........................................................................................................
3.2. Technically permissible maximum laden mass as stated by the manufacturer: ............
4. DESCRIPTION OF POWER TRAIN AND POWER TRAIN COMPONENTS
4.1. Description of the hybrid electric vehicle
4.1.1. Category of Hybrid Electric vehicle: Off Vehicle Charging/Not Off Vehicle charging
4.1.2. Operating mode switch: ........................................................................... with/without
4.1.2.1. Selectable modes:
4.1.2.1.1. Pure electric: ..................................................................................................... yes/no

4.2.4. Fuel feed
4.2.4.1. By carburettor(s): yes/no
4.2.4.1.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.3. Number fitted: .................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.4. Adjustments
4.2.4.1.4.1. Jets: ................................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.4.2. Venturis: ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.4.3. Float-chamber level: .......................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.4.4. Mass of float: ...................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.4.5. Float needle: ...................................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.5. Cold start system: manual/automatic
4.2.4.1.5.1. Operating principle: .........................................................................................................
4.2.4.1.5.2. Operating limits/settings: ...........................................................................................
4.2.4.2. By fuel injection (compression-ignition only): yes/no
4.2.4.2.1. System description: ........................................................................................................
4.2.4.2.2. Working principle: direct-injection/pre-chamber/swirl chamber
4.2.4.2.3. Injection pump
4.2.4.2.3.1. Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.2.3.2. Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.2.3.3. Maximum fuel delivery : .................. mm / stroke or cycle at a pump speed
of : ................... min or characteristic diagram: .......................................................
4.2.4.2.3.4. Injection timing: ............................................................................................................
4.2.4.2.3.5. Injection advance curve: ..............................................................................................
4.2.4.2.3.6. Calibration procedure: test bench/engine

4.2.4.3.2.
Working principle
: intake manifold (single/multi-point) / direct injection / other
(specify)
Control unit – type (or No.):
Fuel regulator – type:
Air-flow sensor - type:
Fuel distributor - type:
Pressure regulator - type:
Micro-switch – type:
Idle adjusting screw - type:
Throttle housing - type:
Water temperature sensor - type:
Air temperature sensor - type:
Air temperature switch - type:
Electromagnetic interference protection
Description and/or drawing:
information to be given
in the case of continuous
injection; in the case of
other systems, equivalent
details
4.2.4.3.3.
Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.3.4.
Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.2.4.3.5.
Injectors: Opening pressure
:............... kPa or characteristic diagram
: ....................
4.2.4.3.6.
Injection timing: ...............................................................................................................
4.2.4.3.7.
Cold start system: ...........................................................................................................
4.2.4.3.7.1.
Operating principle(s): ....................................................................................................
4.2.4.3.7.2.
Operating limits/settings
:............................................................................................
4.2.4.4.
Feed pump
4.2.4.4.1.
Pressure:
................ kPa or characteristic diagram: ...................................................
4.2.5.
Ignition
4.2.5.1.
Make(s): ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.5.2.
Type(s): ...........................................................................................................................
4.2.5.3.
Working principle: ...........................................................................................................
4.2.5.4.
Ignition advance curve
.................................................................................................
4.2.5.5.
Static ignition timing
................. degrees before TDC
4.2.5.6.
Contact-point gap
: ........................................................................................................
4.2.5.7.
Dwell-angle
: ..................................................................................................................

4.2.8. Exhaust system
4.2.8.1. Description and drawings of the exhaust system: ..........................................................
4.2.9. Valve timing or equivalent data:
4.2.9.1. Maximum lift of valves, angles of opening and closing, or timing details of alternative
distribution systems, in relation to dead centres: ............................................................
4.2.9.2. Reference and/or setting ranges: ................................................................................
4.2.10. Lubricant used:
4.2.10.1. Make: ..............................................................................................................................
4.2.10.2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.2.11. Measures taken against air pollution:
4.2.11.1. Device for recycling crankcase gases (description and drawings): ................................
4.2.11.2. Additional pollution control devices (if any, and if not covered by another heading): .....
4.2.11.2.1. Catalytic converter: yes/no
4.2.11.2.1.1. Number of catalytic converters and elements: ...............................................................
4.2.11.2.1.2. Dimensions and shape of the catalytic converter(s) (volume, ...): ..................................
4.2.11.2.1.3. Type of catalytic action: ..................................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.4. Total charge of precious metal: ......................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.5. Relative concentration: ...................................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.6. Substrate (structure and material): .................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.7. Cell density: ....................................................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.8. Type of casing for catalytic converter(s): ........................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.9. Positioning of the catalytic converter(s) (place and reference distances in the exhaust
system): ..........................................................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.10. Oxygen sensor: type .......................................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.10.1. Location of oxygen sensor: .............................................................................................
4.2.11.2.1.10.2. Control range of oxygen sensor: ....................................................................................

4.4.3.
Primary use: traction motor / generator
4.4.3.1.
When used as traction motor: monomotor/ multimotors
(number): ............................
4.4.4.
Maximum power: ...................................................................................................... kW
4.4.5.
Working principle:
4.4.5.1.
Direct current/ alternating current /number of phases
: ................................................
4.4.5.2.
separate excitation / series / compound
4.4.5.3.
synchronous / asynchronous
4.5.
Power train control unit
4.5.1.
Make: ..............................................................................................................................
4.5.2.
Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.5.3.
Identification number: .....................................................................................................
4.6.
Power controller
4.6.1.
Make: ..............................................................................................................................
4.6.2.
Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.6.3.
Identification number: .....................................................................................................
4.7.
Transmission
4.7.1.
Clutch (type): ...................................................................................................................
4.7.1.1.
Maximum torque conversion: ..........................................................................................
4.7.2.
Gearbox:
4.7.2.1.
Type: ...............................................................................................................................
4.7.2.2.
Location relative to the engine: .......................................................................................
4.7.2.3.
Method of control: ...........................................................................................................

6.
BODYWORK
6.1.
Seats:
6.1.1.
Number of seats:
7.
INERTIA MASS
7.1.
Equivalent inertia mass of complete front axle: ..............................................................
7.2.
Equivalent inertia mass of complete rear axle: ...............................................................

6.4.
Drive: front-wheel/rear-wheel/four-wheel
6.5.
Pure electric vehicle: yes/no
6.6.
Hybrid electric vehicle: yes/no
6.6.1.
Category of Hybrid Electric vehicle: Off Vehicle Charging/Not Off Vehicle charging
6.6.2.
Operating mode switch: with/without
6.7.
Internal combustion engine.
6.7.1.
Cylinder capacity: ......................................................................................................................
6.7.2.
Fuel feed: carburettor/injection
6.7.3.
Fuel recommended by the manufacturer: .................................................................................
6.7.4.
In the case of LPG/NG
the reference fuel used for the test (e.g. G20, G25): ........................
6.7.5.
Maximum engine power: .................... kW at: ................................................................ min
6.7.6.
Super-charger: yes / no
6.7.7.
Ignition: compression ignition/positive ignition (mechanical or electronic)
6.8.
Power train (for pure electric vehicle or hybrid electric vehicle)
6.8.1.1.
Maximum net power: ............................... kW, at ...................... to ............................... min
6.8.1.2.
Maximum 30min power: ...................................................................................................... kW
6.8.1.3.
Working principle: ......................................................................................................................
6.9.
Traction battery (for pure electric vehicle or hybrid electric vehicle):
6.9.1.
Nominal voltage: .................................................................................................................... V
6.9.2.
Capacity (2h rate): ................................................................................................................ Ah
6.9.3.
Battery maximum 30min power: ......................................................................................... kW
6.9.4.
Charger: onboard / external
6.10.
Transmission
6.10.1.
Type of gearbox: manual/automatic/variable transmission
6.10.2.
Number of gears: ......................................................................................................................

7.2.2.
Measurement of range:
7.2.2.1.
Electric range: ...................................................................................................................... km
7.2.2.2.
Total time out of tolerance for the conduct of the cycle: ..................................................... sec
7.3.
Externally chargeable (OVC) Hybrid Electric Vehicle:
7.3.1.
CO mass emission (Condition A, combined
): ............................................................... g/km
7.3.2.
CO mass emission (Condition B, combined
): ............................................................... g/km
7.3.3.
CO mass emission (weighted, combined
): ................................................................... g/km
7.3.4.
Fuel consumption (Condition A ,combined
): ............................................................. l/100km
7.3.5.
Fuel consumption (Condition B ,combined
): ............................................................. l/100km
7.3.6.
Fuel consumption (weighted, combined
): ................................................................. l/100km
7.3.7.
Electric energy consumption (Condition A, combined
): .............................................. Wh/km
7.3.8.
Electric energy consumption (Condition B, combined
): .............................................. Wh/km
7.3.9.
Electric energy consumption (weighted and combined
): ............................................ Wh/km
7.3.10.
OVC range: .......................................................................................................................... km
8.
Vehicle submitted for approval on: ............................................................................................
9.
Technical Service responsible for conducting approval tests
10.
Number of report issued by that Service: .................................................................................
11.
Date of report issued by that Service: .......................................................................................
12.
Approval granted/extended/refused/withdrawn
13.
Reasons for extension (if applicable): .......................................................................................
14.
Remarks: ...................................................................................................................................
15.
Positioning of approval mark on the vehicle: ............................................................................
16.
Place .........................................................................................................................................
17.
Date ...........................................................................................................................................
18.
Signature ...................................................................................................................................

ANNEX 6
METHOD OF MEASURING EMISSIONS OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND FUEL CONSUMPTION OF
VEHICLES POWERED BY AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ONLY
1. SPECIFICATION OF THE TEST
1.1. Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO ) and fuel consumption of vehicles powered by an internal
combustion engine only shall be determined according to the procedure for the Type I test
as defined in Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83 in force at the time of the approval of the
vehicle.
1.2. Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO ) and fuel consumption shall be determined separately for
the Part One (urban driving) and the Part Two (extra-urban driving) of the specified driving
cycle.
1.3. In addition to the conditions specified in Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83 in force at the time of
the approval of the vehicle, the following conditions apply:
1.3.1. Only the equipment necessary for the operation of the vehicle during the test shall be in
use. If there is a manually controlled device for the engine intake air temperature, it shall be
in the position prescribed by the manufacturer for the ambient temperature at which the test
is performed. In general, the auxiliary devices required for the normal operation of the
vehicle shall be in use.
1.3.2. If the radiator fan is temperature controlled, it shall be in the condition of normal operation
on the vehicle. The passenger compartment heating system shall be switched off, as shall
any air conditioning system, but such systems compressor shall be functioning normally.
1.3.3. If a super-charger is fitted, it shall be in the normal operating condition for the test
conditions.
1.3.4. All the lubricants shall be those recommended by the manufacturer of the vehicle and shall
be specified in the test report.
1.3.5. The tyres shall be of a type specified as original equipment by the vehicle manufacturer
inflated to the pressure recommended for the test load and speeds. The pressures shall be
indicated in the test report.
1.4. Calculation of CO and Fuel Consumption Values
1.4.1. The mass emission of CO , expressed in g/km, shall be calculated from the measurement
results using the provisions defined in Appendix 8 to Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83 in force
at the time of the approval of the vehicle.
1.4.1.1. For this calculation the density of CO shall be Q = 1.964 g/litre.
1.4.2. The fuel consumption values shall be calculated from the emissions of hydrocarbons,
carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide determined from the measurement results using the
provisions defined in Appendix 8 to Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83 in force at the time of the
approval of the vehicle.

ANNEX 7
METHOD OF MEASURING THE ELECTRIC ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF VEHICLES POWERED BY
AN ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN ONLY
1. TEST SEQUENCE
1.1. Composition
The test sequence is composed of two parts (see Figure 1):
(a)
(b)
An urban cycle made of four elementary urban cycles;
An extra-urban cycle.
In case of a manual gear box with several gears, the operator changes the gear according
to the manufacturer's specifications.
If the vehicle has several driving modes, which may be selected by the driver, the operator
shall select the one to best match the target curve.
Figure 1
Test Sequence – M and N Categories of Vehicles

Operation
No.
Operation
type
Table 1
Elementary Urban Cycle
ELEMENTARY URBAN CYCLE
Mode
No.
Acceleration
(m/s )
Operation
duration
Mode
duration
Total
time
Speed
(km/h)
(s)
(s)
(s)
1
Stop
1
0.00

Table 2
Operation
No.
Operation
type
Mode
No.
EXTRA URBAN CYCLE
Acceleration
(m/s )
Operation
duration
Mode
duration
Total
time
Speed
(km/h)
(s)
(s)
(s)
1 Stop 1 0.00 0 20 20 20
2 Acceleration 2 0.69 0-15 6 41 26
3 Acceleration 0.51 15-35 11 37
4 Acceleration 0.42 35-50 10 47
5 Acceleration 0.40 50-70 14 61
6
Constant speed
3
0.00
70
50
50
111
7
Deceleration
4
-0.69
70-50
8
8
119
8 Constant speed 5 0.00 50 69 69 188
9 Acceleration 6 0.43 50-70 13 13 201
10 Constant speed 7 0.00 70 50 50 251
11 Acceleration 8 0.24 70-100 35 35 286
12
Constant speed
9
0.00
100
30
30
316
13
Acceleration
10
0.28
100-120
20
20
336
14 Constant speed 11 0.00 120 10 10 346
15 Deceleration 12 -0.69 120-80 16 34 362
16 Deceleration -1.04 80-50 8 370
17
Deceleration
-1.39
50-0
10
380
18
Stop
13
0.00

2. TEST METHOD
2.1. Principle
The test method described hereafter allows the electric energy consumption, expressed in
Wh/km, to be measured:
2.2. Parameters, Units and Accuracy of Measurements
Parameter Units Accuracy Resolution
Time
Distance
Temperature
Speed
Mass
Energy
s
m
°C
km/h
kg
Wh
±0.1 s
±0.1%
±1°C
±1%
±0.5%
±0.2%
0.1s
1m
1°C
0.2km/h
1kg
Class 0.2s
according to
IEC 687
2.3. Vehicle
IEC = International Electrotechnical Commission
2.3.1. Condition of the Vehicle
2.3.1.1. The vehicle tyres shall be inflated to the pressure specified by the vehicle manufacturer
when the tyres are set at the ambient temperature.
2.3.1.2. The viscosity of the oils for the mechanical moving parts shall conform to the specification of
the vehicle manufacturer.
2.3.1.3. The lighting and light-signalling and auxiliary devices shall be off, except those required for
testing and usual day-time operation of the vehicle.
2.3.1.4. All energy storage systems available for other than traction purposes (electric, hydraulic,
pneumatic, etc.) shall be charged up to their maximum level specified by the manufacturer.
2.3.1.5. If the batteries are operated above the ambient temperature, the operator shall follow the
procedure recommended by the car manufacturer in order to keep the temperature of the
battery in the normal operating range.
The manufacturer's agent shall be in a position to attest that the thermal management
system of the battery is neither disabled nor reduced.
2.3.1.6. The vehicle must have undergone at least 300km during the seven days before the test with
those batteries that are installed in the test vehicle.

This procedure excludes all types of special charges that could be automatically or manually
initiated like, for instance, the equalisation charges or the servicing charges.
The car manufacturer shall declare that during the test, a special charge procedure has not
occurred.
2.4.1.2.2. End of Charge Criteria
The end of charge criteria corresponds to a charging time of 12h except if a clear indication
is given to the driver by the standard instrumentation that the battery is not yet fully charged.
In this case,
The maximum time is =
3 × claimed battery capacity (Wh)
mains power sup ply (W)
2.4.1.2.3. Fully Charged Battery
Battery having been charged according to overnight charge procedure until the end of
charge criteria.
2.4.2. Application of the Cycle and Measurement of the Distance
The end of charging time t (plug off) is reported.
The chassis dynamometer shall be set with the method described in Appendix 1 to this
Annex.
Starting within 4h from t , the cycle made of four elementary urban cycles and an
extra-urban cycle is run twice on a chassis dynamometer (test distance: 22km, test duration:
40min).
At the end, the measure D of the covered distance in km is recorded.
2.4.3. Charge of the Battery
The vehicle shall be connected to the mains within the 30min after the conclusion of the
cycle made of four elementary urban cycles and an extra-urban cycle, carried out twice.
The vehicle shall be charged according to normal overnight charge procedure
(see Paragraph 2.4.1.2. to this Annex).
The energy measurement equipment, placed between the mains socket and the vehicle
charger, measures the charge energy E delivered from the mains, as well as its duration.
Charging is stopped after 24h from the previous end of charging time (t ).

ANNEX 7 – APPENDIX 1
DETERMINATION OF THE TOTAL ROAD LOAD POWER OF A VEHICLE POWERED BY AN
ELECTRIC POWER TRAIN ONLY, AND CALIBRATION OF THE DYNAMOMETER
1. INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this Appendix is to define the method of measuring the total road load power
of a vehicle with a statistical accuracy of ±4% at a constant speed and to reproduce this
measured road load power on a dynamometer with an accuracy of ±5%.
2. CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TRACK
The test road layout shall be level, straight and free of obstacles or wind barriers which
adversely affect the variability of road load measurement.
The test road longitudinal slope shall not exceed ±2%. This slope is defined as the ratio of
the difference in elevation between both ends of the test road and its overall length. In
addition, the local inclination between any two points 3 m apart shall not deviate by more
than ±0.5% from this longitudinal slope.
The maximum cross-sectional camber of the test road shall be 1.5% or less.
3. ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS
3.1. Wind
3.2. Humidity
Testing shall be performed at wind speeds averaging less than 3m/s with peak speeds less
than 5m/s. In addition, the vector component of the wind speed across the test track must
be less than 2m/s. Wind velocity shall be measured at 0.7m above the track surface.
The track shall be dry.
3.3. Reference Conditions
3.3.1. Air Density
Barometric pressure
H
= 100kPa
Temperature
T
= 293K (20°C)
Air density
d
= 1.189kg/m
3.3.1.1. The air density during the test, calculated as described in Paragraph 3.3.1.2. below, shall
not differ by more than 7.5% from the air density under the reference conditions.

5. SPECIFIED SPEED V
The specified speed is required for determining the running resistance at the reference
speed from the running resistance curve. To determine the running resistance as a function
of vehicle speed in the vicinity of the reference speed V , running resistances shall be
measured at the specified speed V. At least four to five points indicating the specified
speeds, along with the reference speeds, are desired to be measured.
Table 1 shows the specified speeds in accordance with the category of the vehicle. The
asterisk * indicates the reference speed in the table.
Category
V max.
Table 1
Specified speeds (km/h)
> 130 120 100 80 60 40 20
130 – 100 90 80 60 40 20 −
100 – 70 60 50 40 30 20 −
<70 50 40 30 20 − −
6. ENERGY VARIATION DURING COAST-DOWN
6.1. Total Road Load Power Determination
6.1.1. Measurement Equipment and Accuracy
The margin of measurement error shall be less than 0.1s for time and less than ±0.5km/h for
speed.
6.1.2. Test Procedure
6.1.2.1. Accelerate the vehicle to a speed of 5km/h greater than the speed at which test
measurement begins.
6.1.2.2. Put the gearbox to neutral, or disconnect the power supply.
6.1.2.3. Measure the time t taken by the vehicle to decelerate from:
V2 = V + Δ Vkm/h to V1 = V - ΔVkm/h
Where:
Δ V ≤ 5km/h for nominal speed ≤50km/h
Δ V ≤ 10km/h for nominal speed >50km/h
6.1.2.4. Carry out the same test in the opposite direction, measuring time t .
6.1.2.5. Take the average T1 of the two times t and t .

6.1.2.8. The running resistance determined on the track shall be corrected to the reference ambient
conditions as follows:
F corrected = k × F measured
Where:
k =
R
[ 1+
K
(t − t
)]
+
R
R
R
d
d
R is the rolling resistance at speed V
R is the aerodynamic drag at speed V
R is the total road load = R + R
K is the temperature correction factor of rolling resistance, taken to be equal to:
3.6 × 10 /°C
t is the road test ambient temperature in °C
t is the reference ambient temperature = 20°C
d is the air density at the test conditions
d is the air density at the reference conditions (20°C, 100kPa) = 1.189kg/m .
The ratios R /R and R /R shall be specified by the vehicle manufacturer on the basis of
the data normally available to the company.
If these values are not available, subject to the agreement of the manufacturer and the
Technical Service concerned, the figures for the rolling/total resistance ratio given by the
following formula may be used:
Where:
R
R
= aM
+ b
M is the test mass
and for each speed the coefficients a and b are as shown in the following table:
V (km/h)
a
b
20
7.24 × 10
0.82
40
1.59 × 10
0.54
60
1.96 × 10
0.33
80
1.85 × 10
0.23
100
1.63 × 10
0.18
120
1.57 × 10
0.14

6.2.2.4. Bring the vehicle and the chassis dynamometer to the stabilised operating temperature, in
order to approximate the road conditions.
6.2.2.5. Carry out the operations specified in Paragraph 6.1.2. to this Annex with the exception of
Paragraphs 6.1.2.4. and 6.1.2.5., replacing M by I and M by M in the formula given in
Paragraph 6.1.2.7.
6.2.2.6. Adjust the brake to reproduce the corrected running resistance half payload
(Paragraph 6.1.2.8. to this Annex) and to take into account the difference between the
vehicle mass on the track and the equivalent inertia test mass (I) to be used. This may be
done by calculating the mean corrected road coast down time from V to V and reproducing
the same time on the dynamometer by the following relationship:
Where:
2ΔV
T = (I + M ) ×
F
1
3.6
I
is the flywheel equivalent inertia mass of chassis dynamometer.
M is the equivalent inertia mass of the powered wheels and vehicle portions rotating
with the wheels during coast down. M shall be measured or calculated by an
appropriate manner.
6.2.2.7. The power P to be absorbed by the bench should be determined in order to enable the
same total road load power to be reproduced for the same vehicle on different days or on
different chassis dynamometers of the same type.

3. EXTERNALLY CHARGEABLE (OVC ELECTRIC HEV) WITHOUT AN OPERATING
MODE SWITCH
3.1. Two tests shall be performed under the following conditions:
Condition A:
Test shall be carried out with a fully charged electrical energy/power storage
device.
Condition B: Test shall be carried out with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity).
The profile of the state of charge (SOC) of the electrical energy/power storage device during
different stages of the Type I test is given in Appendix 1.
3.2. Condition A
3.2.1. The procedure shall start with the discharge of the electrical energy/power storage device
as described in Paragraph 3.2.1.1. below:
3.2.1.1. Discharge of the Electrical Energy/Power Storage Device
The electrical energy/power storage device of the vehicle is discharged while driving (on the
test track, on a chassis dynamometer, etc.):
(a)
(b)
(c)
At a steady speed of 50km/h until the fuel consuming engine of the HEV starts up;
Or, if a vehicle cannot reach a steady speed of 50km/h without starting up the fuel
consuming engine, the speed shall be reduced until the vehicle can run a lower
steady speed where the fuel consuming engine just does not start up for a defined
time/distance (to be specified between technical service and manufacturer);
Or with manufacturer’s recommendation.
The fuel consuming engine shall be stopped within 10s of it being automatically started.
3.2.2. Conditioning of the Vehicle
3.2.2.1. For conditioning compression-ignition engined vehicles the Part Two cycle of the applicable
driving cycle shall be used in combination with the applicable gear shifting prescriptions as
defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex. Three consecutive cycles shall be driven.
3.2.2.2. Vehicles fitted with positive-ignition engines shall be preconditioned with one Part One and
two Part Two cycles of the applicable driving cycle in combination with the applicable gear
shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex.
3.2.2.3. After this preconditioning, and before testing, the vehicle shall be kept in a room in which the
temperature remains relatively constant between 293 and 303K (20°C and 30°C). This
conditioning shall be carried out for at least 6h and continue until the engine oil temperature
and coolant, if any, are within ±2K of the temperature of the room, and the electrical
energy/power storage device is fully charged as a result of the charging prescribed in
Paragraph 3.2.2.4. below.

3.2.3.2.2. Sampling shall begin (BS) before or at the initiation of the vehicle start up procedure and
continue over a number of repeat test cycles. It shall end on conclusion of the final idling
period in the first extra-urban (Part Two) cycle during which the battery reached the
minimum state of charge according to the criterion defined below (end of sampling (ES)).
The electricity balance Q [Ah] is measured over each combined cycle, using the procedure
specified in Appendix 2 to this Annex, and used to determine when the battery minimum
state of charge has been reached.
The battery minimum state of charge is considered to have been reached in combined cycle
N if the electricity balance measured during combined cycle N+1 is not more than a 3%
discharge, expressed as a percentage of the nominal capacity of the battery (in Ah) in its
maximum state of charge, as declared by the manufacturer. At the manufacturer's request
additional test cycles may be run and their results included in the calculations in
Paragraphs 3.2.3.5. and 3.4.1. provided that the electricity balance for each additional test
cycle shows less discharge of the battery than over the previous cycle.
In between each of the cycles a hot soak period of up to 10min is allowed. The powertrain
shall be switched off during this period.
3.2.3.3. The vehicle shall be driven using the applicable driving cycle and gear shifting prescriptions
as defined in Paragraph 1.4. to this Annex.
3.2.3.4. The exhaust gases shall be analysed according to Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83 in force at
the time of approval of the vehicle.
3.2.3.5. The test results on the combined cycle (CO and fuel consumption) for Condition A shall be
recorded (respectively m [g] and c [l]). In the case of testing according to
Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1., m and c are simply the results of the single combined cycle run. In
the case of testing according to Paragraph 3.2.3.2.2., m and c are the sums of the results
of the N combined cycles run.
m


= m
c = c
3.2.4. Within the 30min after the conclusion of the last cycle, the electrical energy/power storage
device shall be charged according to Paragraph 3.2.2.5. of this Annex). The energy
measurement equipment, placed between the mains socket and the vehicle charger,
measures the charge energy e [Wh] delivered from the mains.
3.2.5. The electric energy consumption for Condition A is e [Wh].
3.3. Condition B
3.3.1. Conditioning of the Vehicle
3.3.1.1. The electrical energy/power storage device of the vehicle shall be discharged according to
Paragraph 3.2.1.1. of this Annex. At the manufacturer's request, a conditioning according to
Paragraph 3.2.2.1. or 3.2.2.2. of this Annex may be carried out before
electrical energy/power storage discharge.

3.4. Test Results
3.4.1. The values of CO shall be M = m /D and M = m /D [g/km] with D and D the
total actual driven distances in the tests performed under Conditions A (Paragraph 3.2. of
this Annex) and B (Paragraph 3.3. of this Annex) respectively, and m and m determined in
Paragraphs 3.2.3.5. and 3.3.2.5. of this Annex respectively.
3.4.2. The weighted values of CO shall be calculated as below:
3.4.2.1. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1.:
Where:
M = (D × M + D × M )/(D + D )
M = mass emission of CO in g/km
M
=
mass emission of CO in g/km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device
M
=
mass emission of CO in g/km with an electrical energy/power storage device
in minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity)
D
=
vehicle’s electric range, according to the procedure described in Annex 9,
where the manufacturer must provide the means for performing the
measurement with the vehicle running in pure electric operating state.
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges)
3.4.2.2. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 3.2.3.2.2.:
Where:
M = (D × M + D × M )/(D + D )
M = mass emission of CO in g/km.
M
=
mass emission of CO in g/km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device.
M
=
mass emission of CO in g/km with an electrical energy/power storage device
in minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity).
D = OVC range according to the procedure described in Annex 9.
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges).
3.4.3. The values of fuel consumption shall be
C = 100 × c /D and C = 100 × c /D [l/100km]
With D and D the actual driven distances in the tests performed under Conditions A
(Paragraph 3.2. of this Annex) and B (Paragraph 3.3. of this Annex) respectively, and c and
c determined in Paragraphs 3.2.3.5. and 3.3.2.5. of this Annex respectively.

3.4.6. The weighted values of electric energy consumption shall be calculated as below:
3.4.6.1. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1.:
Where:
E = (D × E + D × E ) / (D + D )
E = electric consumption Wh/km
E
=
electric consumption Wh/km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device calculated
E
=
electric consumption Wh/km with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity)
D
=
vehicle’s electric range, according to the procedure described in Annex 9,
where the manufacturer must provide the means for performing the
measurement with the vehicle running in pure electric operating state
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges)
3.4.6.2. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 3.2.3.2.2.:
Where:
E = (D × E + D × E ) / (D + D )
E = electric consumption Wh/km.
E
=
electric consumption Wh/km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device calculated.
E
=
electric consumption Wh/km with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity).
D = OVC range according to the procedure described in Annex 9.
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges).
4. EXTERNALLY CHARGEABLE (OVC HEV) WITH AN OPERATING MODE SWITCH
4.1. Two tests shall be performed under the following conditions:
4.1.1.
Condition A:
Test shall be carried out with a fully charged electrical energy/power storage
device.
4.1.2. Condition B: Test shall be carried out with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity)

Stopping the discharge occurs:
(a)
(b)
(c)
When the vehicle is not able to run at 65% of the maximum 30min speed; or
When an indication to stop the vehicle is given to the driver by the standard onboard
instrumentation; or
After covering a distance of 100km.
If the vehicle is not equipped with a pure electric mode, the electrical energy/power storage
device discharge shall be achieved by driving the vehicle (on the test track, on a chassis
dynamometer, etc.):
(a)
(b)
(c)
At a steady speed of 50km/h until the fuel consuming engine of the HEV starts up;
Or if a vehicle cannot reach a steady speed of 50km/h without starting up the fuel
consuming engine, the speed shall be reduced until the vehicle can run a lower
steady speed where the fuel consuming engine just does not start up for a defined
time/distance (to be specified between technical service and manufacturer);
Or with manufacturer’s recommendation.
The fuel-consuming engine shall be stopped within 10s of it being automatically started.
4.2.3. Conditioning of the Vehicle:
4.2.3.1. For conditioning compression-ignition engined vehicles the Part Two cycle of the applicable
driving cycle shall be used in combination with the applicable gear shifting prescriptions as
defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex. Three consecutive cycles shall be driven.
4.2.3.2. Vehicles fitted with positive-ignition engines shall be preconditioned with one Part One and
two Part Two cycles of the applicable driving cycle in combination with the applicable gear
shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex.
4.2.3.3. After this preconditioning, and before testing, the vehicle shall be kept in a room in which the
temperature remains relatively constant between 293 and 303K (20°C and 30°C). This
conditioning shall be carried out for at least 6h and continue until the engine oil temperature
and coolant, if any, are within ±2K of the temperature of the room, and the electrical
energy/power storage device is fully charged as a result of the charging prescribed in
Paragraph 4.2.3.4. below.
4.2.3.4. During soak, the electrical energy/power storage device shall be charged, using the normal
overnight charging procedure as defined in Paragraph 3.2.2.5. of this Annex.
4.2.4. Test Procedure
4.2.4.1. The vehicle shall be started up by the means provided for normal use to the driver. The first
cycle starts on the initiation of the vehicle start-up procedure.

4.3. Condition B
4.3.1. Conditioning of the Vehicle
4.3.1.1. The electrical energy/power storage device of the vehicle shall be discharged according to
Paragraph 4.2.2.1. of this Annex.
At the manufacturer's request, a conditioning according to Paragraph 4.2.3.1. or 4.2.3.2. of
this Annex may be carried out before electrical energy / power storage discharge.
4.3.1.2. Before testing, the vehicle shall be kept in a room in which the temperature remains
relatively constant between 293 and 303K (20 and 30°C). This conditioning shall be carried
out for at least 6h and continue until the engine oil temperature and coolant, if any, are
within ±2K of the temperature of the room.
4.3.2. Test Procedure
4.3.2.1. The vehicle shall be started up by the means provided for normal use to the driver. The first
cycle starts on the initiation of the vehicle start-up procedure.
4.3.2.2. Sampling shall begin (BS) before or at the initiation of the vehicle start up procedure and
end on conclusion of the final idling period in the extra-urban cycle (Part Two, end of
sampling (ES)).
4.3.2.3. The vehicle shall be driven using the applicable driving cycle and gear shifting prescriptions
as defined in Paragraph 1.4. to this Annex
4.3.2.4. The exhaust gases shall be analysed according to Annex 4 to Regulation No. 83 in force at
the time of approval of the vehicle.
4.3.2.5. The test results on the combined cycle (CO and fuel consumption) for Condition B shall be
recorded (respectively m [g] and c [l]).
4.3.3. Within the 50min after the conclusion of the cycle, the electrical energy/power storage
device shall be charged according to Paragraph 3.2.2.5. of this Annex.
The energy measurement equipment, placed between the mains socket and the vehicle
charger, measures the charge energy e [Wh] delivered from the mains.
4.3.4. The electrical energy/power storage device of the vehicle shall be discharged in accordance
with Paragraph 4.2.2.1. of this Annex.
4.3.5. Within 50min after the discharge, the electrical energy/power storage device shall be
charged according to Paragraph 3.2.2.5. of this Annex.
The energy measurement equipment, placed between the mains socket and the vehicle
charger, measures the charge energy e [Wh] delivered from the mains.
4.3.6. The electric energy consumption e [Wh] for Condition B is: e = e -e

4.4.3. The values of fuel consumption shall be
C = 100 × c /D and C = 100 × c /D [l/100km]
with D and D the total actual driven distances in the tests performed under
Conditions A (Paragraph 4.2. of this Annex) and B (Paragraph 4.3. of this Annex)
respectively, and c and c determined in Paragraphs 4.2.4.5. and 4.3.2.5. of this Annex
respectively.
4.4.4. The weighted values of fuel consumption shall be calculated as below:
4.4.4.1. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 4.2.4.2.1.
Where:
C = (D × C + D × C )/(D + D )
C = fuel consumption in l/100km.
C
=
fuel consumption in l/100km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device.
C
=
fuel consumption in l/100km with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity).
D
=
vehicle’s electric range, according to the procedure described in Annex 9,
where the manufacturer must provide the means for performing the
measurement with the vehicle running in pure electric operating state.
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges).
4.4.4.2. In the case of testing according to Paragraph 4.2.4.2.2.
Where:
C = (D × C + D × C )/(D + D )
C = fuel consumption in l/100km.
C
=
fuel consumption in l/100km with a fully charged electrical energy/power
storage device.
C
=
fuel consumption in l/100km with an electrical energy/power storage device in
minimum state of charge (maximum discharge of capacity).
D = OVC range according to the procedure described in Annex 9.
D = 25km (assumed average distance between two battery recharges).

5. NOT EXTERNALLY CHARGEABLE (NOVC HEV) WITHOUT AN OPERATING MODE
SWITCH
5.1. These vehicles shall be tested according to Annex 6, using the applicable driving cycle and
gear shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex.
5.1.1. Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO ) and fuel consumption shall be determined separately for
the Part One (urban driving) and the Part Two (extra-urban driving) of the specified driving
cycle.
5.2. For preconditioning, at least 2 consecutive complete driving cycles (one Part One and one
Part two) are carried out without intermediate soak, using the applicable driving cycle and
gear shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex.
5.3. Test Results
5.3.1. The test results (fuel consumption C [l/100km] and CO -emission M [g/km]) of this test are
corrected in function of the energy balance ΔE of the vehicle’s battery.
The corrected values (C [l/100km] and M [g/km]) should correspond to a zero energy
balance (ΔE = 0), and are calculated using a correction coefficient determined by the
manufacturer as defined below.
In case of other storage systems than an electric battery, ΔE
is representing ΔE
, the
energy balance of the electric energy storage device.
5.3.1.1. The electricity balance Q [Ah], measured using the procedure specified in Appendix 2 to this
Annex, is used as a measure of the difference in the vehicle battery’s energy content at the
end of the cycle compared to the beginning of the cycle. The electricity balance is to be
determined separately for the Part One cycle and the Part Two cycle.
5.3.2. Under the conditions below, it is allowed to take the uncorrected measured values C and M
as the test results:
(1) In case the manufacturer can prove that there is no relation between the energy
balance and fuel consumption,
(2) In case that ΔE always corresponds to a battery charging,
(3) In case that ΔE always corresponds to a battery decharging and ΔE is within 1%
of the energy content of the consumed fuel (consumed fuel meaning the total fuel
consumption over 1 cycle).
The change in battery energy content ΔE can be calculated from the measured electricity
balance Q as follows:
ΔE = ΔSOC(%) × E ≅ 0.0036 × |ΔAh| × V = 0.0036 × Q × V (MJ)
with E [MJ] the total energy storage capacity of the battery and V [V] the nominal
battery voltage.

5.3.5.2. The CO -emission correction coefficient (K ) is defined as:
Where:
K = (n × ΣQ M - ΣQ × ΣM ) / (n × ΣQ – (ΣQ ) ) (g/km/Ah)
M = CO -emission measured during i-th manufacturer’s test (g/km)
Q = electricity balance during i-th manufacturer’s test (Ah)
n = number of data
The CO -emission correction coefficient shall be rounded to four significant figures
(e.g. 0.xxxx or xx.xx). The statistical significance of the CO -emission correction coefficient
is to be judged by the Technical Service.
5.3.5.3. Separate CO -emission correction coefficients shall be determined for the fuel consumption
values measured over the Part One cycle and the Part Two cycle respectively.
5.3.6. CO -emission at zero battery energy balance (M )
5.3.6.1. The CO -emission M at ΔE = 0 is determined by the following equation:
Where:
M = M – K × Q (g/km)
C = fuel consumption measured during test (l/100km)
Q = electricity balance measured during test (Ah)
5.3.6.2. CO -emission at zero battery energy balance shall be determined separately for the
CO -emission values measured over the Part One cycle and the Part Two cycle
respectively.
6. NOT EXTERNALLY CHARGEABLE (NOVC HEV) WITH AN OPERATING MODE
SWITCH
6.1. These vehicles shall be tested in hybrid mode according to Annex 6, using the applicable
driving cycle and gear shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex. If
several hybrid modes are available, the test shall be carried out in the mode that is
automatically set after turn on of the ignition key (normal mode).
6.1.1. Emissions of carbon dioxide (CO ) and fuel consumption shall be determined separately for
the Part One (urban driving) and the Part Two (extra-urban driving) of the specified driving
cycle.
6.2. For preconditioning, at least 2 consecutive complete driving cycles (one Part One and one
Part two) are carried out without intermediate soak, using the applicable driving cycle and
gear shifting prescriptions as defined in Paragraph 1.4. of this Annex.

6.3.3.2. The fuel consumption correction coefficient (K ) is defined as:
Where:
K = (n × ΣQ C - ΣQ × ΣC ) / (n × ΣQ – (ΣQ ) ) (l/100km/Ah)
C = fuel consumption measured during i-th manufacturer’s test (l/100km)
Q = electricity balance measured during i-th manufacturer’s test (Ah)
n = number of data
The fuel consumption correction coefficient shall be rounded to four significant figures
(e.g. 0.xxxx or xx.xx). The statistical significance of the fuel consumption correction
coefficient is to be judged by the Technical Service.
6.3.3.3. Separate fuel consumption correction coefficients shall be determined for the fuel
consumption values measured over the Part One cycle and the Part Two cycle respectively.
6.3.4. Fuel consumption at zero battery energy balance (C )
6.3.4.1. The fuel consumption C at ΔE = 0 is determined by the following equation:
Where:
C = C – K × Q (l/100km)
C = fuel consumption measured during test (l/100km)
Q = electricity balance measured during test (Ah)
6.3.4.2. Fuel consumption at zero battery energy balance shall be determined separately for the fuel
consumption values measured over the Part One cycle and the Part Two cycle respectively.
6.3.5. CO -emission correction coefficient (K ) defined by the manufacturer
6.3.5.1. The CO -emission correction coefficient (K ) shall be determined as follows from a set of
n measurements performed by the manufacturer. This set should contain at least one
measurement with Q < 0 and at least one with Q > 0.
If the latter condition cannot be realised on the driving cycle (Part One or Part Two) used in
this test, then it is up to the Technical Service to judge the statistical significance of the
extrapolation necessary to determine the CO -emission value at ΔE = 0.

ANNEX 8 − APPENDIX 1
ELECTRICAL ENERGY/POWER STORAGE DEVICE STATE OF
CHARGE (SOC) PROFILE FOR OVC HEVS
The SOC profiles for OVC-HEVs tested under Conditions A and B are:
Condition A:
(1)
Initial state of charge of the electrical energy/power storage device
(2)
Discharge according to Paragraph 3.2.1. or 4.2.2. of this Annex
(3)
Vehicle conditioning according to Paragraph 3.2.2.1./3.2.2.2. or 4.2.3.1./4.2.3.2. of this Annex
(4)
Charge during soak according to Paragraph 3.2.2.3. and 3.2.2.4. or 4.2.3.3. and 4.2.3.4. of this
Annex
(5)
Test according to Paragraph 3.2.3. or 4.2.4. of this Annex
(6)
Charging according to Paragraph 3.2.4. or 4.2.5. of this Annex
Condition B:
(1)
Initial state of charge
(2)
Vehicle conditioning according to Paragraph 3.3.1.1. or 4.3.1.1. (optional) of this Annex
(3)
Discharge according to Paragraph 3.3.1.1. or 4.3.1.1. of this Annex
(4)
Soak according to Paragraph 3.3.1.2. or 4.3.1.2. of this Annex
(5)
Test according to Paragraph 3.3.2. or 4.3.2. of this Annex
(6)
Charging according to Paragraph 3.3.3. or 4.3.3. of this Annex
(7)
Discharging according to Paragraph 3.3.4. or 4.3.4. of this Annex
(8)
Charging according to Paragraph 3.3.5. or 4.3.5. of this Annex

2.1.3. The temperature at the location of the sensor shall be measured and sampled with the same
sample frequency as the current, so that this value can be used for possible compensation of
the drift of current transducers and, if applicable, the voltage transducer used to convert the
output of the current transducer.
2.2. A list of the instrumentation (manufacturer, Model No., Serial No.) used by the manufacturer for
determining
(a)
When the minimum state of charge of the battery has been reached during the test
procedure defined in Paragraphs 3. and 4. of this Annex; and
(b) The correction factors K and K (as defined in Paragraphs 5.3.3.2., 5.3.5.2., 6.3.3.2.,
and 6.3.5.2. of this Annex)
and the last calibration dates of the instruments (where applicable) should be provided to
the Technical Service.
3. MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE
3.1. Measurement of the battery current shall start at the same time as the test starts and shall end
immediately after the vehicle has driven the complete driving cycle.
3.2. Separate values of Q shall be logged over the Part One and Part Two of the cycle.

3.1.6. The vehicle must have undergone at least 300km during the seven days before the test with
those batteries that are installed in the test vehicle.
3.2. Climatic Conditions
For testing performed outdoors, the ambient temperature shall be between 5°C and 32°C.
The indoors testing shall be performed at a temperature between 20°C and 30°C.
4. OPERATION MODES
The test method includes the following steps:
(a)
(b)
Initial charge of the battery.
Application of the cycle and measurement of the electric range.
Between the steps, if the vehicle shall move, it is pushed to the following test area (without
regenerative recharging).
4.1. Initial Charge of the Battery
Charging the battery consists of the following procedures:
Note:
"Initial charge of the battery" applies to the first charge of the battery, at the
reception of the vehicle. In case of several combined tests or measurements,
carried out consecutively, the first charge carried out shall be an "initial charge of
the battery" and the following may be done in accordance with the "normal
overnight charge" procedure.
4.1.1. Discharge of the Battery
4.1.1.1. For pure electric vehicles:
4.1.1.1.1. The procedure starts with the discharge of the battery of the vehicle while driving (on the
test track, on a chassis dynamometer etc.) at a steady speed of 70% ± 5% from the
maximum 30min speed of the vehicle.
4.1.1.1.2. Stopping the discharge occurs:
(a)
(b)
(c)
When the vehicle is not able to run at 65% of the maximum 30min speed;
Or when an indication to stop the vehicle is given to the driver by the standard
onboard instrumentation, or
After covering the distance of 100km.
4.1.1.2. For externally chargeable Hybrid Electric Vehicle (OVC HEV) without an operating mode
switch as defined in Annex 8:
4.1.1.2.1. The manufacturer shall provide the means for performing the measurement with the vehicle
running in pure electric operating state.

4.1.2. Application of a Normal Overnight Charge
For a pure electric vehicle, the battery shall be charged according to normal overnight
charge procedure as defined in Paragraph 2.4.1.2. of Annex 7, for a period not exceeding
12h.
For an OVC HEV, the battery shall be charged according to the normal overnight charge
procedure as described in Paragraph 3.2.2.5. of Annex 8.
4.2. Application of the Cycle and Measurement of the Range
4.2.1. For Pure Electric Vehicle:
4.2.1.1. The test sequence as defined in Paragraph 1.1. of Annex 7 is applied on a chassis
dynamometer adjusted as described in Appendix 1 of Annex 7, until the end of the test
criteria is reached.
4.2.1.2. The end of the test criteria is reached when the vehicle is not able to meet the target curve
up to 50km/h, or when an indication from the standard onboard instrumentation is given to
the driver to stop the vehicle.
Then the vehicle shall be slowed down to 5km/h by releasing the accelerator pedal, without
touching the brake pedal and then stopped by braking.
4.2.1.3. At a speed over 50km/h, when the vehicle does not reach the required acceleration or
speed of the test cycle, the accelerator pedal shall remain fully depressed until the reference
curve has been reached again.
4.2.1.4. To respect human needs, up to three interruptions are permitted between test sequences, of
no more than 15min in total.
4.2.1.5. At the end, the measure D of the covered distance in km is the electric range of the electric
vehicle. It shall be rounded to the nearest whole number.
4.2.2. For Hybrid Electric Vehicles
4.2.2.1. To determine the electric range of a hybrid electric vehicle.
4.2.2.1.1. The applicable test sequence and accompanying gear shift prescription, as defined in
Paragraph 1.4. of Annex 8, is applied on a chassis dynamometer adjusted as described in
Appendices 2, 3, and 4 of Annex 4 of Regulation No. 83, until the end of the test criteria is
reached.
4.2.2.1.2. To measure the electric range the end of the test criteria is reached when the vehicle is not
able to meet the target curve up to 50km/h, or when an indication from the standard
onboard instrumentation is given to the driver to stop the vehicle or when the battery has
reached its minimum state of charge. Then the vehicle shall be slowed down to 5km/h by
releasing the accelerator pedal, without touching the brake pedal and then stopped by
braking.
4.2.2.1.3. At a speed over 50km/h, when the vehicle does not reach the required acceleration or
speed of the test cycle, the accelerator pedal shall remain fully depressed until the reference
curve has been reached again.

ANNEX 10
EMISSIONS TEST PROCEDURE FOR A VEHICLE EQUIPPED WITH A PERIODICALLY
REGENERATING SYSTEM
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. This Annex defines the specific provisions regarding type-approval of a vehicle equipped with
a periodically regenerating system as defined in Paragraph 2.16. of this Regulation.
2. SCOPE AND EXTENSION OF THE TYPE APPROVAL
2.1. Vehicle Family Groups Equipped with Periodically Regenerating System
The procedure applies to vehicles equipped with a periodically regenerating system as
defined in Paragraph 2.16. of this Regulation. For the purpose of this Annex vehicle family
groups may be established. Accordingly, those vehicle types with regenerative systems,
whose parameters described below are identical, or within the stated tolerances, shall be
considered to belong to the same family with respect to measurements specific to the defined
periodically regenerating systems.
2.1.1. Identical Parameters are:
Engine:
(a)
Number of cylinders,
(b) Engine capacity (±15%),
(c)
(d)
(e)
Number of valves,
Fuel system,
Combustion process (2 stroke, 4 stroke, rotary).
Periodically regenerating system (i.e. catalyst, particulate trap):
(a)
(b)
(c)
Construction (i.e. type of enclosure, type of precious metal, type of substrate, cell
density),
Type and working principle,
Dosage and additive system,
(d) Volume (±10%),
(e) Location (temperature ±50°C at 120km/h or 5% difference of maximum
temperature/pressure).

3.2.2. The test and vehicle conditions for the test described in Annex 6 apply before the first valid
emission test is carried out.
3.2.3. Regeneration must not occur during the preparation of the vehicle. This may be ensured by
one of the following methods:
3.2.3.1. A "dummy" regenerating system or partial system may be fitted for the preconditioning cycles.
3.2.3.2. Any other method agreed between the manufacturer and the Type Approval Authority.
3.2.4. A cold-start exhaust emission test including a regeneration process shall be performed
according to the Type I operating cycle, or equivalent engine test bench cycle. If the
emissions tests between two cycles where regeneration phases occur are carried out on an
engine test bench, the emissions test including a regeneration phase shall also be carried out
on an engine test bench.
3.2.5. If the regeneration process requires more than one operating cycle, subsequent test cycle(s)
shall be driven immediately, without switching the engine off, until complete regeneration has
been achieved (each cycle shall be completed). The time necessary to set up a new test
should be as short as possible (e.g. particular matter filter change). The engine must be
switched off during this period.
3.2.6. The carbon dioxide emission and fuel consumption values during regeneration (M ) shall be
calculated according to Annex 6. The number of operating cycles (d) measured for complete
regeneration shall be recorded.

For an illustration of measurement parameters see Figure 10/1.
Figure 10/1
Parameters Measured during Carbon Dioxide Emission and Fuel Consumption
Test during and Between Cycles where Regeneration Occurs
(schematic example, the emissions during 'D' may increase or decrease)
3. 3.1. Calculation of the Regeneration Factor K for Each Carbon Dioxide Emission and Fuel
Consumption (i) Considered
K = M /M
M , M and K results shall be recorded in the test report delivered by the Technical Service.
K may be determined following the completion of a single sequence.

M
=
mass emission of event k of CO in g/km and fuel consumption in l/100km (i)
during regeneration;
M'
=
mass emission of event k of CO in g/km and fuel consumption in l/100km (i)
over one Type I operating cycle (or equivalent engine test bench cycle) without
regeneration measured at Point j; 1 ≤ j ≤ n;
M'
=
mass emission of event k of CO in g/km and fuel consumption in l/100km (i)
over one Type I operating cycle (or equivalent engine test bench cycle) during
regeneration (when j > 1, the first Type I test is run cold, and subsequent cycles
are hot) measured at operating cycle j; 1 ≤ j ≤ d;
n
=
number of test points of event k at which emissions measurements (Type I
operating cycles or equivalent engine test bench cycles) are made between two
cycles where regenerative phases occur, ≥;
d = number of operating cycles of event k required for regeneration;
D
=
number of operating cycles of event k between two cycles where regenerative
phases occur.

For application of a simple and realistic case, the following description gives a detailed
explanation of the schematic example shown in Figure 10/3 above):
1. DPF: regenerative, equidistant events, similar emissions (±15%) from event to event
D = D = D
d = d = d
M – M = M – M
n = n
2. DeNO : the desulphurisation (SO removal) event is initiated before an influence of
sulphur on emissions is detectable (±15% of measured emissions) and in this example
for exothermic reason together with the last DPF regeneration event performed.
M' = constant � M = M = M
M = M = M
For SO removal event:
M , M , d , D , n = 1
3. Complete system (DPF + DeNO ):
M
=
n × M
× D
n × D
+ M
+ D
× D
M
=
n × M
× d
n × d
+ M
+ d
× d
M
=
n ×
M
+ M
( D + d )
+ D
+ d
=
n ×
( M
× D
+ M
× d ) + M
×
n × ( D
+ d ) + D
+ d
D
+ M
× d
The calculation of the factor (K ) for multiple periodic regenerating systems is only
possible after a certain number of regeneration phases for each system. After
performing the complete procedure (A to B, see Figure 10/2), the original starting
conditions A should be reached again.

Emission of CO2 - Fuel Consumption - Electrical Vehicle Consumption and Range.