Regulation No. 103-00

Name:Regulation No. 103-00
Description:Replacement Pollution Control Devices.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Replacement Pollution Control Devices Power Driven Vehicles.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1997-03-21
Amendment Level:00 Series, Supplement 4
Number of Pages:18
Vehicle Types:Car, Component, Light Truck
Subject Categories:Emissions and Fuel Consumption
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev.2/Add.102/Rev.1/Amend.1
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
June 24, 2014
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 103-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
REPLACEMENT POLLUTION CONTROL DEVICES POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.02.97
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 06.07.00
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.04.05
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.11
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14

REGULATION No. 103
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF REPLACEMENT POLLUTION
CONTROL DEVICES POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
CONTENTS
6. Modification of the replacement pollution control device type and extension of approval
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitely discontinued
10. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of
type approval authorities
11. Documentation
Appendix 1 – Information document No. … relating to the type approval of replacement
pollution control devices
ANNEXES
Annex 1

Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of
approval or production definitively discontinued of a replacement pollution control
device pursuant to Regulation No. 103
Annex 2 − Examples of arrangements of approval marks

2.6. "Approval of a replacement pollution control device" means the approval of a pollution
control device intended to be fitted as a replacement part on one or more specific types of
vehicles with regard to the limitation of pollutant emissions, noise level and effect on vehicle
performance and, where applicable, on the on-board diagnostic (OBD).
2.7. "Deteriorated replacement pollution control device" means a pollution control device
that has aged or has been artificially deteriorated to such an extent that it fulfils the
requirements laid out in Paragraph 1 of Appendix 1 to Annex 11 of Regulation No. 83.
2.8. "Periodically regenerating system" means catalytic converters, particulate filters or other
pollution control devices that require a periodical regeneration process in less than 4,000km
of normal vehicle operation.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a type of replacement pollution control device shall be
submitted by its Manufacturer or by his authorized Representative.
3.2. For each type of replacement pollution control device for which type approval is requested,
the application for approval shall be accompanied by the following documents in triplicate.
3.2.1. Drawings of the replacement pollution control device identifying in particular all the
characteristics referred to in Paragraph 2.3. of this Regulation.
3.2.2. Description of the vehicle type or types for which the replacement pollution control device is
intended. The number and/or symbols characterising the engine and vehicle type(s) shall be
indicated.
3.2.3. Description and drawings showing the position of the replacement pollution control device
relative to the engine exhaust manifold(s).
3.2.4. Drawings indicating the intended location of the approval mark.
3.2.5. Indication if the replacement pollution control device is intended to be compatible with OBD
requirements.
3.2.6. A model for the information document is given in Appendix 1.
3.3. The applicant for approval shall provide the technical service responsible for approval tests
with:
3.3.1. Vehicle(s) of a type approved in accordance with Regulation No. 83 equipped with a new
original pollution control device. This (these) vehicle(s) shall be selected by the applicant
with the agreement of the technical service. It (they) shall comply with the requirements of
Paragraph 3.1. of Annex 4 or Paragraph 3.2. of Annex 4a of Regulation No. 83, whichever
was in force at the time of the approval of the vehicle.
The test vehicle(s) shall have no emission control system defects; any excessively worn out
or malfunctioning emission related original part shall be repaired or replaced. The test
vehicle(s) shall be tuned properly and set to the Manufacturer's Specification prior to
emission testing.

4.2.2.5. This information shall be provided either:
(a)
(b)
(c)
as a leaflet accompanying the original replacement pollution control device, or
on the packaging in which the original replacement pollution control device is sold, or
by any other applicable means.
In any case, the information shall be available in the product catalogue distributed to points
of sale by the vehicle manufacturer.
4.2.3. The vehicle manufacturer shall provide to the technical service and/or approval authority the
necessary information in electronic format which makes the link between the relevant part
numbers and the type approval documentation.
This information shall contain:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
make(s) and type(s) of vehicle.
make(s) and type(s) of original replacement pollution control device.
part number(s) of original replacement pollution control device.
type-approval number of the relevant vehicle type(s).
4.3. An approval number shall be assigned to each replacement pollution control device type
approved. Its first two digits (00 for the Regulation in its present form) shall indicate the
series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to
the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not
assign the same number to another type of replacement pollution control device. The same
approval number may cover the use of that replacement pollution control device type on a
number of different vehicle types.
4.4. When the applicant for type-approval can demonstrate to the type-approval authority or
technical service that the replacement pollution control device is of a type indicated in
Annex 2 to the 05 or later series of amendments to Regulation No. 83, the granting of a type
approval certificate shall not be dependent on the requirements specified in Paragraph 5
having to be verified.
4.5. Notice of approval or of extension or of refusal of approval of a type of replacement pollution
control device pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Contracting Parties
to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in
Annex 1 to this Regulation.

5.2. Requirement Regarding Emissions
The vehicle(s) indicated in Paragraph 3.3.1. of this Regulation, equipped with a replacement
pollution control device of the type for which approval is requested, shall be subjected to a Type I
test under the conditions described in the corresponding Annexes of Regulation No. 83 in order
to compare its performance with the original pollution control device according to the procedure
described below:
5.2.1. Determination of the Basis for Comparison
The vehicle(s) shall be fitted with a new original pollution control device (see
Paragraph 3.3.1) which shall be run in with 12 extra urban cycles (test Type I Part 2).
After this preconditioning, the vehicle(s) shall be kept in a room in which the temperature
remains relatively constant between 293 and 303 K (20 and 30°C). This conditioning shall
be carried out for at least six hours and continue until the engine oil temperature and
coolant, if any, are within ± 2 K of the temperature of the room. Subsequently three exhaust
gas tests Type I shall be made.
5.2.2. Exhaust Gas Test with Replacement Pollution Control Device
The original pollution control device of the test vehicle(s) shall be replaced by the
replacement pollution control device (see Paragraph 3.3.2.) which shall be run in with
12 extra urban cycles (test type I Part 2). After this preconditioning, the vehicle(s) shall be
kept in a room in which the temperature remains relatively constant between 293 and 303K
(20 and 30°C). This conditioning shall be carried out for at least six hours and continue until
the engine oil temperature and coolant, if any, are within ±2K of the temperature of the
room. Subsequently three exhaust gas tests Type I shall be made.
5.2.3. Evaluation of the Emission of Pollutants of Vehicles Equipped with Replacement Pollution Control
Devices
The test vehicle(s) with the original pollution control device shall comply with the limit values
according to the type approval of the vehicle(s) including – if applicable – the deterioration
factors applied during the type approval of the vehicle(s).
The requirements regarding emissions of the vehicle(s) equipped with the replacement
pollution control device shall be deemed to be fulfilled if the results meet for each regulated
pollutant (CO, HC + NO particulates and particles) the following conditions:
(1) M ≤0.85 S + 0.4 G
(2) M ≤G
where:
M: mean value of the emissions of one pollutant (CO, HC NO particulates and particles)
or the sum of two pollutants (HC + NO ) obtained from the three Type I tests with the
replacement pollution control device.
S: mean value of the emissions of one pollutant (CO, HC, NO particulates and particles)
or the sum of two pollutants (HC + NO ) obtained from the three Type I tests with the
original pollution control device.

5.5. Requirements regarding OBD compatibility (applicable only to replacement pollution control
devices intended to be fitted to vehicles equipped with an OBD system).
OBD compatibility demonstration is required only when the original pollution control device
was monitored in the original configuration.
5.5.1. The compatibility of the replacement pollution control device with the OBD system shall be
demonstrated by using the procedures described in the 05 or 06 or 07 series of
amendments to Regulation No. 83, Annex 11, Appendix 1.
5.5.2. The provisions in the 05 or 06 or 07 series of amendments to Regulation No. 83,
Annex 11, Appendix 1 applicable to components other than the pollution control device shall
not be applied.
5.5.3. The aftermarket manufacturer may use the same preconditioning and test procedure as
used during the original type approval. In this case, the Type Approval Authorities shall
provide, on request and on a non-discriminatory basis, Appendix 1 to the type approval
communication which contains the number and type of preconditioning cycles and the type
of test cycle used by the original equipment manufacturer for OBD testing of the pollution
control device.
5.5.4. In order to verify the correct installation and functioning of all other components monitored
by the OBD system, the OBD system shall indicate no malfunction and have no stored fault
codes prior to the installation of any of the replacement pollution control devices. An
evaluation of the status of the OBD system at the end of the tests described in
Paragraph 5.2.1 may be used for this purpose.
5.5.5. The malfunction indicator (MI: see reference Paragraph 2.5 of Annex 11 to the 05 or later
series of amendments to Regulation No. 83) shall not activate during vehicle operation
required by Paragraph 5.2.2.
5.5.6. For vehicles with positive-ignition engines, if the THC and NMHC emissions measured
during the demonstration test of a new original equipment catalytic converter, under
Paragraph 5.2.1. of this Regulation are higher than the values measured during the
type-approval of the vehicle, the difference shall be added to the OBD threshold limits. The
OBD threshold limits are specified in Paragraph 3.3.2. of Annex 11 to Regulation No. 83.
5.5.7. The revised OBD threshold limits will apply during the tests of OBD compatibility set out in
Paragraphs 5.5. to 5.5.5. of this Regulation. In particular, when the exceedance allowed in
Paragraph 1. of Appendix 1 to Annex 11 to Regulation No. 83 is applied.

6. MODIFICATION OF THE REPLACEMENT POLLUTION CONTROL DEVICE TYPE AND
EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
Every modification of the replacement pollution control device type shall be notified to the
Type Approval Authority which approved this type of replacement pollution control device.
The Authority may then either:
(a)
(b)
consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse
effect and that in any case the replacement pollution control device still complies with
the requirements, or
require a further test report for some or all the tests described in Paragraph 5 of this
Regulation from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alteration, shall be communicated by the
procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this
Regulation.
The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a serial number to
each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:
7.1. The replacement pollution control devices approved under this Regulation shall be so
manufactured as to conform to the type approved in the characteristics as defined under
Paragraph 2.3. of this Regulation. They shall meet the requirements set forth in Paragraph 5
and, where applicable, fulfil the requirements of the tests specified in this Regulation.
7.2 The Approval Authority may carry out any check or test prescribed in this Regulation. In
particular, the tests described in Paragraph 5.2. of this Regulation (requirements regarding
emissions) may be carried out. In this case, the holder of the approval may ask, as an
alternative, to use as a basis for comparison not the original equipment pollution control
device, but the replacement pollution control device which was used during the type
approval tests (or another sample that has been proven to conform to the approved type).
Emissions' values measured with the sample under verification shall then on average not
exceed by more than 15% the mean values measured with the sample used for reference.
8. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
8.1. The approval granted in respect of a type of replacement pollution control device pursuant
to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in Paragraph 7 above are
not complied with.
8.2. If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has
previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a form conforming to the Model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

APPENDIX 1
INFORMATION DOCUMENT NO. ... RELATING TO THE TYPE APPROVAL OF
REPLACEMENT POLLUTION CONTROL DEVICES
Any drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the system, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.2.1. Commercial name(s), if available: ..................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.7. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
ECE approval mark: .......................................................................................................................
1.8. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE DEVICE
2.1. Make and type of the replacement pollution control device: ..........................................................
2.2. Drawings of the replacement pollution control device, identifying in particular all the
characteristics referred to in Items 2.3. to 2.3.2. of this Appendix: ................................................
2.3. Description of the vehicle type or types for which the replacement pollution control device is
intended: .........................................................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number(s) and/or symbol(s) characterising the engine and vehicle type(s): ................................
2.3.2. Is the replacement pollution control device intended to be compatible with OBD requirements:
Yes / No (Strike out what does not apply).
Description and drawings showing the position of the replacement pollution control device
relative to the engine exhaust manifold(s): ....................................................................................

9. Submitted for approval on: ........................................................................................................
10. Technical Service responsible for approval tests: ....................................................................
10.1. Date of test report: ....................................................................................................................
10.2 Number of test report: ...............................................................................................................
11. Approval granted / extended / refused / withdrawn: ...............................................................
12. Place: ........................................................................................................................................
13. Date: ..........................................................................................................................................
14. Signature: ..................................................................................................................................
15. Annexed to this communication is a list of documents in the approval file deposited at the
administrative services having delivered the approval and which can be obtained upon request.

Replacement Pollution Control Devices.