Regulation No. 107-00
|Name:||Regulation No. 107-00|
|Description:||General Construction - Double-deck Large Passenger Vehicles.|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Double-deck Large Passenger Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||1998-11-03|
|Amendment Level:||00 Series, Supplement 4|
|Number of Pages:||66|
|Subject Categories:||Prior Versions|
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E/ECE/TRANS/505 ) Rev.2/Add.106/Amend.4
December 18, 2003
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
DOUBLE-DECK LARGE PASSENGER VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.98
Corr. 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.11.98
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 21.02.02
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 11.08.02
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.12.02
Corr. 1 to Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.11.02
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 30.10.03
Regulation No. 107
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF DOUBLE-DECK
LARGE PASSENGER VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
3. Application for approval
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitely discontinued
10. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
11. Remarks concerning permissible axle loads or total vehicle mass
Annex 1 -
Annex 2 -
Annex 3 -
Annex 4 -
Annex 5 -
Annex 6 -
Annex 7 -
Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or
production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to its general construction
pursuant to Regulation No. 107, Approval A/B
Arrangements of approval marks
Testing device for siting of hand-rails and hand-holds
Guidelines for measuring the closing forces of power-operated doors
Verification of static tilting limit by means of calculation
2.2. "Vehicle type" means vehicles which do not differ essentially with regard to the
constructional features specified in this Regulation.
2.3. "Approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type.
2.4. "Service door" means a door used by passengers in normal circumstances with the driver
2.5. "Double door" means a door affording two, or the equivalent of two, access passages.
2.6. "Emergency door" means a door additional to the service door(s) intended for use by
passengers as an exit only exceptionally and, in particular, in an emergency.
2.7. "Emergency window" means a window, not necessarily glazed, intended for use as an exit
by passengers in an emergency only.
2.8. "Double window" means an emergency window which, when divided into two by an
imaginary vertical line (or plane), exhibits two parts each of which complies as to
dimensions and access with the requirements applicable to a normal emergency window.
2.9. "Escape hatch" means a roof-opening intended for use as an exit by passengers in an
2.10. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.11. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase or emergency exit.
2.12. "Floor or deck" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver, and/or seat mountings.
2.13. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats to any other seat or row of seats or to any access passage from or to any service door
or intercommunication staircase; it does not include:
2.13.1. the space extending 30 cm in front of any seat, except where a sideways-facing seat is
situated above the wheel arch, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 22.5 cm;
2.13.2. the space above the surface of any step or staircase; or
2.13.3. any space which affords access solely to one seat or one row of seats.
2.14. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway). Where there is no
step at the door, the space to be considered as access passage shall be that which is
measured according to Paragraph 18.104.22.168. up to a distance of 30 cm from the starting
position of the inner face of the dual panel.
2.15. "Driver’s compartment" means the space intended for the driver’s exclusive use and
containing the driver’s seat, the steering wheel, controls, instruments and other devices
necessary for driving the vehicle.
2.27. Unless otherwise stated, all measurements shall be made when the vehicle is at its unladen
kerb mass (MK) (kg) and it is standing on a smooth and horizontal ground surface. If a
kneeling system is fitted to the vehicle, it shall not be in operation.
2.28. Wherever there is a requirement in this Regulation for a surface in the vehicle to be
horizontal or at a specific angle when the vehicle is at its unladen kerb mass (MK) (kg), in
the case of a vehicle with mechanical suspension, the surface may exceed this slope or
possess a slope when the vehicle is at its unladen kerb mass (MK) (kg), provided that this
requirement is met when the vehicle is in the loading condition declared by the
If a kneeling system is fitted to the vehicle, it shall not be in operation.
2.29. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to its constructional features shall
be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and by the following
3.2.1. a detailed description of the vehicle type with respect to its structure, dimensions,
configuration and constituent materials;
3.2.2. drawings of the vehicle and its interior arrangement; and
3.2.3. particulars of:
22.214.171.124. the technical maximum mass (MT) (kg). In the case of an articulated bus or coach, it shall
be given separately for each rigid portion;
126.96.36.199. the technical maximum load on each axle (kg);
188.8.131.52. the unladen mass of the vehicle (MV) (kg);
3.2.4. provision made, if any for the carriage of baggage or goods;
3.2.5. where one or more baggage compartments have been provided for baggage other than
hand baggage, the total volume of such compartments (v) (m ) and the total mass of the
baggage that they can obtain (B) (kg);
3.2.6. the horizontal projection of the total surface area intended for seated and standing
passengers (s ) (m ): for passengers in the upper deck (s ) (m ) and for passengers in the
lower deck (s ) (m ). (s = s + s );
3.2.7. the horizontal projection of the total surface area intended for standing passengers in the
lower deck (s ) (m ) in accordance with Paragraph 5.2;
3.2.8. the number of seating places intended for use by passengers and crew (if any) (p ), in the
upper deck (p ) and in the lower deck (p ), (p = p + p ). Sleeping places and other
accommodations which are intended to be temporarily used instead of a seating place shall
not count as seating places;
4.5. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations
annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation, the symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a
case, the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the
Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted
approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol
prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5.1. Load distribution between axles and loading conditions
5.1.1.. The load distribution of a stationary vehicle on level ground shall be determined in two
184.108.40.206. unladen, as specified in Paragraph 5.1.3., and
220.127.116.11. laden, as specified in Paragraph 5.1.4.
5.1.2. The front axle or axles shall carry not less than the percentage of mass shown in the table
Class I Class II Class III
RIGID ARTIC. RIGID ARTIC. RIGID ARTIC.
UNLADEN 20 20 25 20 25 20
LADEN 25 20 25 20 25 20
5.1.3. Unladen, for the purpose of this Paragraph (5.1.), and Paragraph 5.3., means the vehicle in
the condition described in Paragraph 2.16.1.
5.1.4. Laden, for the purpose of this Paragraph (5.1.), means the vehicle unladen as described in
Paragraph 5.1.3. with the addition of a mass Q on each passenger seat, a number of
masses Q corresponding to the authorised number of standing passengers, uniformly
distributed over the area S , and a mass equal to B uniformly distributed in the baggage
5.1.5. The values of Q for the different Classes of vehicle are specified in Paragraph 5.3. below.
5.1.6. B (kg) shall have a numerical value not less than 100 V (m ).
5.1.7. Double-deck vehicles shall not be equipped to carry luggage on the roof.
5.3. Number of passengers accommodated
5.3.1. There shall be on each deck of the vehicle a number (p , p ) of seating places (see
para. 3.2.8. above), other than folding seats, which conform to the requirements of
Paragraph 5.7.9. If the vehicle is of Class I or Class II, the numbers P and p shall be at
least equal to the number of square metres of floor on the respective deck available for
passengers and crew (if any) (s , s ) rounded down to the nearest whole number; the
required number may be reduced by 10% in the case of lower deck of Class I vehicles
(0.9 s ).
5.3.2. The total number (N) of seating and standing places in vehicles shall be calculated such that
both of the following conditions are fulfilled:
N ≤ P +
MT − MV − L ⋅ V
P = Number of seating places (see Paragraphs 3.2.8. and 5.3.1.);
S = Surface area (m ) (see Paragraph 5.2.2.) available for standing passengers;
S = Area assumed for one standing passenger (m /standing passenger)
(see Paragraph 18.104.22.168.);
MT = Technically permissible maximum mass (kg) (see Paragraph 2.17.);
MV = Unladen mass (kg) as defined in Paragraph 2.16.1.;
L = Specific load of baggage (kg/m ) in the baggage compartment(s);
V = Total volume (m ) of the baggage compartments (see Paragraph 3.2.5.);
Mass (kg) assumed for the load on each passenger seating and standing
place, if any (see Paragraph 22.214.171.124.).
126.96.36.199. In the case of Class III vehicles, S = 0.
5.4.5. Alternatively, a calculation method can be used to show that the vehicle will not overturn
under the conditions described in Paragraphs 5.4.1. and 5.4.2. Such a calculation shall take
into account the following parameters:
188.8.131.52. masses and dimensions;
184.108.40.206. height of centre of gravity;
220.127.116.11. spring rates;
18.104.22.168. vertical and horizontal tyre rates;
22.214.171.124. characteristics of the control of air pressure in the air springs;
126.96.36.199. position of the momentary centre;
188.8.131.52. torsion resistance of the body.
The method of calculation is described in Annex 7 to this Regulation.
5.5. Protection against fire risks
5.5.1. Engine compartment
184.108.40.206. No flammable sound-proofing material or material liable to become impregnated with fuel or
lubricant shall be used in the engine compartment unless the material is covered by an
220.127.116.11. Precautions shall be taken, either by a suitable layout of the engine compartment or by the
provision of drainage orifices, to avoid, so far as possible, the accumulation of fuel or
lubricating oil in any part of the engine compartment.
18.104.22.168. A barrier of heat-resisting material shall be fitted between the engine compartment or any
other source of heat (such as a device designed to absorb the energy liberated when a
vehicle is descending a long gradient, e.g. a retarder or a device for heating the interior of
the body other, however, than a device functioning by warm circulation) and the rest of the
vehicle. A heating device operating other than by hot water may be provided in the
passenger compartment if it is encased in material designed to resist the temperatures
generated by the device, emits no toxic fumes and is positioned such that no passenger is
likely to come into contact with any hot surface.
5.5.2. Fuel filler-holes
22.214.171.124. Fuel filler-holes shall be accessible only from outside the vehicle.
126.96.36.199. No part of fuel filler-holes shall be less than 50 cm from any service door or emergency door
aperture when the fuel tank is intended to contain petrol, and not less than 25 cm when it is
intended to contain diesel fuel; they shall moreover not be in the passenger compartment,
nor in the driver’s compartment. Fuel filler-holes shall not be so located that there is a risk
of fuel falling on to the engine or exhaust system during filling.
5.5.5. Emergency switch
There shall be provided an emergency switch which is intended to reduce the risk of fire
after the vehicle has come to a standstill. This emergency switch shall have the following
188.8.131.52. It shall be located within immediate reach of the driver seated in the driver’s seat.
184.108.40.206. It shall be clearly marked and be provided with a protective cover or other suitable means to
prevent inadvertent operation. Clear instructions concerning the method of operation shall
be displayed in the immediate vicinity of the emergency switch, e.g. "Remove cover and
move lever downwards! Actuate only when the vehicle has been brought to a stop".
220.127.116.11. Its actuation shall cause simultaneous performance of the following functions:
18.104.22.168.1. quick stoppage of the engine;
22.214.171.124.2. operation of a battery isolating switch, fitted as close to the batteries as possible, and which
isolates at least one battery terminal from the electrical circuit, with the exception of the
circuit performing the function required by Paragraph 126.96.36.199.3. below, the circuits which
ensure the uninterrupted function of the tachograph as well as those devices whose sudden
removal from service could provoke a greater risk than the one avoided, for example:
188.8.131.52.2.1. emergency interior lighting;
184.108.40.206.2.2. cooling scavenger of auxiliary heaters;
220.127.116.11.2.3. centralized electronic door locking.
18.104.22.168.3. switching-on of the vehicle’s hazard warning signal.
22.214.171.124. Performance of the functions mentioned in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. above may be initiated not
only by the emergency switch, but also by separate controls, provided that these do not in
an emergency interfere with the functioning of the emergency switch.
5.5.6. Electrical equipment and wiring
188.8.131.52. All cables shall be well insulated and all cables and electrical equipment shall be able to
withstand the temperature and humidity conditions to which they are exposed. In the engine
compartment, particular attention shall be paid to their suitability to withstand the
environmental temperature, oil and vapour.
184.108.40.206. No cable used in an electrical circuit shall carry a current in excess of that acceptable for
such a cable in the light of its mode of installation and the maximum ambient temperature.
220.127.116.11. The minimum number of service doors required is as follows:
Number of passengers (N)
Number of service doors
Class I Class II Class III
23 - 45 1 1 1
46 - 70 2 1 1
71 - 100
Approval A 3 2 1
Approval B 2 2 1
Over 100 4 3 1
18.104.22.168. The minimum number of service doors in each rigid section of an articulated bus or coach
shall be one except that this minimum number shall be two in the case of the front section of
an articulated bus of Class I.
22.214.171.124. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two.
126.96.36.199. For the purpose of this requirement, service doors equipped with a power operated control
system shall not be deemed to be exits unless they can be readily opened by hand, once
the control prescribed in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. has been actuated if necessary.
184.108.40.206.1. Each intercommunication staircase shall be considered to be an exit from the upper deck.
220.127.116.11.2. All persons accommodated in the lower deck must in an emergency situation have access
to the exterior of the vehicle without having to enter the upper deck.
18.104.22.168.3. The upper deck gangway shall be connected by one or more intercommunication staircases
to the access passageway of a service door or to the lower deck gangway within 3 m of a
Two, or at least one staircase and one half-staircase shall be provided in Class I and
Class II vehicles if more than 50 passengers are carried on the upper deck;
Two, or at least one staircase and one half-staircase are to be provided in Class III
vehicles if more than 30 passengers are carried on the upper deck;
22.214.171.124. The minimum number of emergency exits shall be such that the total number of exits is as
follows, the number of exits for each separate deck and each separate compartment being
determined separately. Toilet compartments or galleys are not considered to be separate
compartments for the purposes of defining the number of emergency exits. Escape hatches
can only count as one of the above-mentioned number of emergency exits:
126.96.36.199. One or two seats are permitted alongside the driver for additional persons, in which case the
exits referred to in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. shall be doors. The driver’s door shall be accepted as
the emergency door for the occupants of those seats, provided that the driver’s seat, the
steering wheel, the engine housing, the gear lever and hand brake control, etc., do not
constitute too great an obstruction. The door provided for those additional persons shall be
accepted as the emergency door for the driver.
Up to five additional seats may be fitted in a compartment incorporating the driver’s
compartment, provided that the additional seats and the space for these seats comply with
all the requirements of the Regulation.
184.108.40.206. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 220.127.116.11. and 18.104.22.168., the exits provided for
the driver’s compartment shall not count towards the number of doors required by
Paragraphs 22.214.171.124. to 126.96.36.199., nor to the number of exits required by Paragraph 188.8.131.52.
184.108.40.206. If the driver’s compartment and any seats adjacent to it are accessible from the remainder of
the passenger compartment by means of a passageway complying with one of the
conditions described in Paragraph 220.127.116.11., no external exit is required from the driver’s
18.104.22.168. If a driver’s door or other exit from the compartment is provided in the circumstances
described in Paragraph 22.214.171.124., it may only be counted as an exit for passengers if it is not
necessary to squeeze between the steering wheel and the driver’s seat in order to make
use of that exit.
126.96.36.199. Paragraphs 188.8.131.52. and 184.108.40.206. do not preclude there being a door or other barrier
between the driver’s seat and the passenger compartment provided this barrier can be
released quickly by the driver in an emergency. A driver’s door in a compartment protected
by such a barrier shall not be counted as an exit for passengers.
5.6.2. Siting of exits
220.127.116.11. The service doors shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side of the
road corresponding to the direction of traffic in the country in which the vehicle is licensed
for operation, and at least one of them shall be in the forward half of the vehicle.
18.104.22.168. Two of the doors shall be separated such that the distance between transverse vertical
planes through their centres of area is not less than either 25% of the overall length of the
vehicle or 40% of the overall length of the passenger compartment on the lower deck; this
shall not apply if the two doors are on different sides of the vehicle. If one of these two
doors forms part of a double door, this distance shall be measured between the two doors
which are furthest apart.
In the case of an articulated vehicle, this requirement shall be fulfilled if two doors of the
different sections are separated such, that the distance between the doors is not less than
either 25% of the overall length of the vehicle or 40% of the overall length of the combined
passenger compartment (all sections).
In either case, if one of these doors forms part of a double door this distance shall be
measured between the doors which are furthest apart.
5.6.3. Minimum dimensions
22.214.171.124. The several kinds of exit shall have the following minimum dimensions (see also Annex 3,
Class I Class II, III Remarks
180 165 Approval A
175 165 Approval B
single door: 65
double door: 120
Area (cm ) 4000
Emergency window situated in the rear face
of the vehicle, if the manufacturer does not
provide an emergency window of the
minimum dimensions prescribed above.
5.6.4. Technical requirements for all service doors
This dimension may be
reduced by 10 cm when
the measurement is made
at the level of the
The required width shall
be ensured in the height
of 70 to 160 cm related to
the level of the first step
(see Annex 3, Figure 16)
It shall be possible to
inscribe in this area a
rectangle 50 x 70 cm
It shall be possible to inscribe in the emergency window
aperture a rectangle 35 cm high and 155 cm wide. The
corners of the rectangle may be rounded to a radius of
curvature not exceeding 25 cm.
It shall be possible to
inscribe in this area a
50 x 70 cm
126.96.36.199. Every service door shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside the
vehicle when the vehicle is stationary (but not necessarily when the vehicle is
moving). However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the possibility of
locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can always be opened from the
188.8.131.52. Every control or device for opening a service door from outside shall not be more than
180 cm from the ground when the vehicle is standing unladen on a level surface.
184.108.40.206. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while the
vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.
220.127.116.11. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from his seat to deactivate the
outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from outside. In this case, the
outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically either by the starting of the
engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20 km/h. Subsequently, deactivation of the
outside emergency controls shall not occur automatically, but shall require a further action
by the driver.
18.104.22.168. Every driver-operated service door shall be capable of operation by the driver when in the
driving seat using controls which, except in the case of a foot control, are clearly and
22.214.171.124. Every power-operated service door shall activate a visual tell-tale, which shall be plainly
visible to the driver when seated in the normal driving position in any ambient lighting
condition, to warn that a door is not fully closed. This tell-tale shall signal whenever the rigid
structure of the door is between the fully open position and a point 30 mm from the fully
closed position. One tell-tale may serve for one or more doors. However, no such tell-tale
shall be fitted in respect of a front service door which does not comply with the requirements
of Paragraphs 126.96.36.199.2. and 188.8.131.52.3.
184.108.40.206. Where controls are provided for the driver to open and close a power-operated service door,
they shall be such that the driver is able to reverse the movement of the door at any time
during the closing or opening process.
220.127.116.11. The construction and control system of every power-operated service door shall be such
that a passenger is unlikely to be injured by the door or trapped in the door as it closes.
18.104.22.168.1. Except in the case of the front service door, this requirement shall be considered satisfied if
the following two requirements are met:
22.214.171.124.2. The first requirement is that when the closing of the door at any measuring point described
in Annex 6 to this Regulation is resisted by a clamping force not exceeding 150 N, the door
shall reopen automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remain open until a closing control is operated. The
clamping force may be measured by any method to the satisfaction of the competent
authority. Guidelines are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation. The peak force may be
higher than 150 N for a short time provided that it does not exceed 300 N. The reopening
system may be checked by means of a test bar having a section of height 60 mm, width
30 mm with corners radiused to 5 mm.
126.96.36.199.3. The second requirement is that whenever the doors are closed onto the wrist or fingers of a
188.8.131.52.3.1. the door reopens automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remains open until a closing control is operated, or
184.108.40.206.3.2. the wrist or fingers can be readily extracted from the doors without risk of injury to the
passenger. This requirement may be checked by hand, or by means of the test bar
mentioned in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.2., tapered at one end over a length of 300 mm from a
thickness of 30 mm to a thickness of 5 mm. It shall not be treated with polish nor
lubricated. If the door traps the bar it shall be capable of being easily removed; or
18.104.22.168.3.3. the door is maintained at a position allowing the free passage of a test bar having a section
of height 60 mm, width 20 mm, with corners radiused to 5 mm. This position shall not be
more than 30 mm distant from the fully closed position.
22.214.171.124.2. The pressing of the push buttons mentioned in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1.1., and the use of the
means of communication with the driver mentioned in Paragraph 188.8.131.52., may send a signal
which is stored and which, after the activation of the opening controls by the driver, affects
the opening of the door.
184.108.40.206. Closing of automatically-operated service doors
220.127.116.11.1. When an automatically-operated service door has opened it shall close again automatically
after a time interval has elapsed. If a passenger enters or leaves the vehicle during this
time interval, a safety device (e.g. a footboard contact, light barrier, one-way gate) shall
ensure that the time until the door closes is sufficiently extended.
18.104.22.168.2. If the passenger enters or leaves the vehicle while the door is closing, the closing process
shall be interrupted automatically and the door shall return to the open position. The
reversal may be actuated by one of the safety devices referred to in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1. or
by any other device.
126.96.36.199.3. A door that has closed automatically in accordance with Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1. shall be
capable of being opened again by a passenger in accordance with paragrpah 184.108.40.206.; this
shall not apply if the driver has deactivated the opening controls.
220.127.116.11.4. After deactivation of the opening controls of the automatically-operated service doors by the
driver, open doors shall close in accordance with Paragraphs 18.104.22.168.1. and 22.214.171.124.2.
126.96.36.199. Inhibition of the automatic closing process on doors marked for special service, e.g. for
passengers with prams, disabled persons, etc.
188.8.131.52.1. The driver shall be able to inhibit the automatic closing process by actuation of a special
control. A passenger shall also be able to inhibit the automatic closing process directly by
pressing a special push button.
184.108.40.206.2. The inhibition of the automatic closing process shall be indicated to the driver, e.g. by a
220.127.116.11.3. Reestablishment of the automatic closing process shall in any case be capable of being
done only by the driver.
18.104.22.168.4. Paragraph 22.214.171.124. shall apply to the subsequent closing of the door.
5.6.7. Technical requirements for emergency doors
126.96.36.199. Emergency doors shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
when the vehicle is stationary. However, this requirement shall not be construed as
precluding the possibility of locking the door from the outside provided that the door can
always be opened from the inside by the use of the normal opening mechanism.
188.8.131.52. Emergency doors shall not be of the power-operated or of the sliding type.
184.108.40.206. The outside handles of lower deck emergency doors shall be not more than 180 cm above
the ground when the vehicle is standing unladen on level ground.
5.6.9. Technical requirements for escape hatches
220.127.116.11. Every escape hatch shall operate so as not to obstruct clear passage from inside or outside
the vehicle. The operation of executable escape hatches shall be such that inadvertent
ejection is effectively prevented.
18.104.22.168. Escape hatches shall be capable of being easily opened or removed from the inside and
from outside. However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the possibility
of locking the escape hatch for the purpose of securing the vehicle when unattended,
provided that the escape hatch can always be opened or removed from the inside by the
use of the normal opening or removal mechanism.
5.6.10. Technical requirements for retractable steps
Retractable steps, if fitted, shall comply with the following requirements:
22.214.171.124. When in use, their operation shall be synchronised with that of the corresponding service or
126.96.36.199. When the door is closed no part of the retractable step shall project more than 10 mm
beyond the adjacent line of the bodywork;
188.8.131.52. When the door is open and the retractable step is in the extended position, the surface area
shall conform to the requirements of Paragraph 5.7.7. of this Regulation;
184.108.40.206. It shall not be possible for the vehicle to move from rest, under its own power, when the step
is in the extended position. In the case of a manually operated step, an audible or visual
indication shall alert the driver when the step is not fully retracted;
220.127.116.11. The step shall not be capable of being extended when the vehicle is in motion. If the device
to operate the step fails, the step shall retract and remain in the retracted
position. However, the operation of the corresponding door shall not be hindered in the
event of such a failure, or if the step is damaged;
18.104.22.168. When a passenger is standing on the retractable step, the corresponding door shall be
incapable of being closed. Compliance with this requirement shall be checked by placing a
mass of 15 kg representing a small child, at the centre of the step. This requirement shall
not apply to any door within the driver’s direct field of view;
22.214.171.124. The movement of the retractable step shall not be liable to cause any bodily harm either to
passengers or to persons waiting at bus stops;
126.96.36.199. The corners of retractable steps facing forwards or rearwards shall be rounded to a radius of
not less than 5 mm; the edges shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 2.5 mm;
188.8.131.52. When the passenger door is open, the retractable step shall be securely held in the
extended position. When a mass of 136 kg is placed in the centre of a single step or a
mass of 272 kg is placed in the centre of a double step the deflection at any point on the
step shall not exceed 10 mm.
184.108.40.206. The cylindrical figure(s) (see Paragraph 5.7.5. and Annex 3, Figure 3) used for testing the
gangway clearance shall then be moved starting from the gangway, in the probable
direction of motion of a person leaving the vehicle, until its centre line has reached the
vertical plane which contains the top edge of the uppermost step, or until a plane tangential
to the upper cylinder touches the dual panel, whichever occurs first, and retained in that
position (see Annex 3, Figure 9).
220.127.116.11. Between the cylindrical figure, at the position set out in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. and the dual
panel, at the position set out in Paragraph 22.214.171.124., there shall be a free space whose upper
and lower limits are shown in Annex 3, Figure 9. This free space shall permit the free
passage of a vertical panel whose form and dimensions are the same as the cylindrical form
(Paragraph 126.96.36.199.), central section and a thickness of no more than 2 cm. This panel shall
be moved, from the cylindrical form tangential position, until its external side is in contact
with the dual panel interior side, touching the plane or planes defined by the step upper
edges, in the probable direction of motion of a person using the entrance (see Annex 3,
188.8.131.52. The free passage clearance for this figure shall not include any space extending to 30 cm in
front of any uncompressed seat cushion of a forward or rearward facing seat, or 22.5 cm in
the case of seats fitted at wheel arches, and to the height of the top of the seat cushion.
184.108.40.206. In the case of a folding seat, this space shall be determined with the seat in the position of
220.127.116.11. However, a folding seat for use by the crew may obstruct the access passage to a service
door when in the position of use provided that:
18.104.22.168.1. it is clearly indicated, both in the vehicle itself and on the communication form (see
Annex 1), that the seat is for the use of crew only;
22.214.171.124.2. when the seat is not in use it folds automatically as necessary to enable the requirements of
Paragraphs 126.96.36.199. or 188.8.131.52. and 184.108.40.206., 220.127.116.11. and 18.104.22.168. to be met;
22.214.171.124.3. the door is not considered to be a mandatory exit for the purpose of Paragraph 126.96.36.199.;
188.8.131.52.4. the seat is fitted with a retractable seat belt; and
184.108.40.206.5. when the seat is in the position of use, and when it is in the folded position, no part of it shall
be forward of a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating surface of the
driver’s seat in its rearmost position and through the centre of the exterior rear-view mirror
mounted on the opposite side of the vehicle.
220.127.116.11. The maximum slope of the floor in the access passage shall not exceed 5%.
18.104.22.168. Gangways and access passages shall be covered with an anti-slip material.
5.7.2. Access to emergency doors (see Annex 3, Figure 2)
22.214.171.124. The free space between the gangway and the emergency door aperture shall permit the
free passage of a vertical cylinder 30 cm in diameter and 70 cm high from the floor and
supporting a second vertical cylinder 55 cm in diameter, the aggregate height of the
assembly being 140 cm.
126.96.36.199. The base of the first cylinder shall be within the projection of the second cylinder.
5.7.5. Gangways (See Annex 3, Figure 3)
188.8.131.52. The gangways of a vehicle shall be so designed and constructed as to permit the free
passage of a gauging device consisting of two co-axial cylinders with an inverted truncated
cone interposed between them, the gauging device having the following dimensions (in cm):
Class I Class II Class III
Diameter of lower cylinder 45 45 35 35 30 30
Height of lower cylinder 90 102 (90) 90 102 (90) 90 102 (90)
Diameter of upper cylinder 55 55 55 55 45 45
Height of upper cylinder 50 50 50 50 50 50
Approval A 168 180 (168) 168 180 (168) 168 180 (168)
Approval B 172 177 (172) 168 180 (168) 168 180 (168)
The gauging device may come into contact with strap hangers for standing passengers, if
fitted, and move them away.
184.108.40.206. On vehicles of Class I, the diameter of the lower cylinder may be reduced from 45 cm to
40 cm in any part of the gangway which is located to the rear of the most forward of the
following two planes:
220.127.116.11.1. a transverse vertical plane situated 1.5 m forward of the centre line of the rear axle
(foremost rear axle in the case of vehicles with more than one rear axle);
18.104.22.168.2. a transverse vertical plane situated at the rear edge of the rearmost service door in between
22.214.171.124.3. or the purpose of the application of Paragraphs 126.96.36.199.1. and 188.8.131.52.2. above, each rigid
section of an articulated vehicle shall be considered separately.
184.108.40.206. The overall height of the gauging device may be reduced:
220.127.116.11.1. from 180 cm to 168 cm (Approval A) or from 177 cm to 172 cm (Approval B) in any part of
the gangway of the lower deck to the rear of a transverse vertical plane situated 1.5 m
forward to the centre line of the rear axle (foremost rear axle in the case of vehicles with
more than one rear axle); and
18.104.22.168.2. from 180 cm to 177 cm by reducing the height of the lower cylinder by 3 cm in case of a
service door which is situated forward of the front axle in any part of the gangway situated
between two transverse vertical planes situated 80 cm forwards and behind the centre line
of the front axle.
22.214.171.124. It shall be verified, by the use of the cylinder of Paragraph 126.96.36.199., that access conditions
from the gangways (upper and lower) to the staircase are adequate.
5.7.7. Slope of the gangway
The slope of the gangway shall not exceed:
188.8.131.52. In the longitudinal direction:
184.108.40.206.1. 8% in the case of a vehicle of Class I or Class II, or
220.127.116.11.2. 12.5% in the case of a vehicle of Class III.
18.104.22.168. In the transversal direction 5% for all Classes.
5.7.8. Steps (See Annex 3, Figure 4)
22.214.171.124. The maximum and minimum height, and the minimum depth, of steps for passengers at
service and emergency doors, intercommunication staircases and within the vehicle shall be
Class II & III
Max height (cm)
Min depth (cm)
Max height (cm)
Min height (cm)
Min depth (cm)
126.96.36.199. For the purposes of this paragraph, the height of a step shall be measured at the centre of
its width. Furthermore, manufacturers should specifically take account of access by the
handicapped, particularly in relation to step height in Class I, vehicles being kept to a
188.8.131.52. Any transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step. However, the vertical distance between the gangway surface and the floor of the
seating area shall not exceed 35 cm.
184.108.40.206. The height of the first step in relation to the ground shall be measured with the vehicle
unladen, the tyre equipment and pressure being as specified by the manufacturer for the
maximum technical mass declared in accordance with Paragraph 3.2.3.
220.127.116.11. The minimum depth of seat cushion (see Annex 3, Figure 7) shall be:
18.104.22.168.1. Approval A:
(a) 35 cm in vehicles of Class I;
40 cm in vehicles of Class II and III.
22.214.171.124.2. Approval B:
35 cm in vehicles of Class I, II and III.
126.96.36.199. Height of seat cushion (see Annex 3, Figure 6)
The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangent to the front upper surface of the seat
cushion is between 40 and 50 cm: this height may however be reduced to not less than
35 cm at the wheel arches and at the engine compartment.
188.8.131.52. Seat spacing (see Annex 3, Figure 6)
184.108.40.206.1. In the case of seats facing in the same direction, the distance between the front of a seat
squab and the back of the squab of the seat preceding it shall, when measured horizontally
and at all heights above the floor between the level of the top surface of the seat cushion
and a point 62 cm above the floor, not be less than:
220.127.116.11.1.1. Approval A:
(a) 65 cm in vehicles of Class I;
68 cm in vehicles of Class II;
68 cm in vehicles of Class III.
18.104.22.168.1.2. Approval B:
65 cm in vehicles of Class I, II and III. However, for vehicles of Class I, taking into account
space restrictions at wheel arches and at the rear, and the need to maximize the number of
seating places in the lower deck, this minimum distance may be reduced for 25% of the
seating places in the vehicle and shall not be less than 61 cm.
22.214.171.124.2. All measurements shall be taken, with the seat cushion and squab uncompressed, in a
vertical plane passing through the centreline of the individual seating place.
126.96.36.199.3. Where transverse seats face one another the minimum distance between the front faces of
the seat squabs of facing seats, as measured across the highest points of the seat
cushions, shall be not less than 130 cm.
188.8.131.52.4. When measuring the seat spacing:
Reclining seats shall be measured with the seat backs in the normal position of use
specified by the manufacturer.
184.108.40.206.5. Any folding table shall be in the folded (stowed) position.
5.7.11. Hot drink machines and cooking equipment
Hot drink machines and cooking equipment shall be so installed or guarded that no hot food
or drink is likely to be spilled on any seated passenger due to emergency braking or
5.7.12. Doors to interior compartments
Every door to a toilet or other interior compartment:
220.127.116.11. shall be self-closing, and shall not be fitted with any device to hold it open if, when open, it
could obstruct passengers in an emergency,
18.104.22.168. shall, when open, not conceal any handle or control for opening any service or emergency
22.214.171.124. shall be provided with a means to enable the door to be opened from outside the
compartment in an emergency,
126.96.36.199. shall not be capable of being locked from the outside unless it can always be opened from
5.8. Artificial interior lighting
5.8.1. Internal electrical lighting shall be provided for the illumination of:
188.8.131.52. all passenger compartments and the articulated section of an articulated bus;
184.108.40.206. any step or steps;
220.127.116.11. the access to any exits;
18.104.22.168. the internal markings and internal controls of all exits;
22.214.171.124. all places where there are obstacles.
5.8.2. Individual lights for each of the above items is not required providing adequate illumination
can be maintained during normal use.
5.9. Articulated section of articulated buses or coaches
5.9.1. The articulated section that interconnects rigid portions of the vehicle shall be so designed
and constructed as to allow a rotary movement about a horizontal axis and a vertical axis.
5.9.2. When the articulated bus or coach at its unladen kerb mass is stationary on a horizontal
level surface, there shall not be between the floor of either of the rigid sections and the floor
of the rotating base or of the element replacing that base an uncovered gap of a width
126.96.36.199. 1 cm when all the wheels of the vehicle are on the same plane, or
188.8.131.52. 2 cm when the wheels of the axle adjacent to the articulated section are resting on a surface
which is 15 cm higher than the surface on which the wheels of the other axles are resting.
184.108.40.206. Handrails and hand-holds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every hand-rail shall provide a length of at least 10 cm to accommodate a
hand. No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 2 cm or greater than 4.5 cm except
in the case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of Class II or
Class III, in access passages. In these cases hand rails having a minimum dimension of
1.5 cm shall be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least 2.5 cm.
220.127.116.11. The clearance between a hand-rail or hand-hold and the adjacent part of the vehicle body or
walls shall be of at least 4 cm. However, in the case of a handrail on a door or a seat, or in
the access passage of a vehicle of Class II or III, a minimum clearance of 3.5 cm shall be
18.104.22.168. The surface of every hand-rail, hand-hold or stanchion shall be colour contrasting and
5.12.2. Hand-rails and hand-holds for standing passengers in vehicles of Class I and Class II
22.214.171.124. Hand-rails and/or hand-holds shall be provided in sufficient number for each point of the
floor area intended, in conformity with Paragraph 5.2.2. for standing passengers. For this
purpose, strap hangers, if fitted, may be counted as hand-holds, provided they are held in
their position by suitable means. This requirement shall be deemed to be fulfilled if, for all
possible sites of the testing device shown in Annex 5 hereto, at least two hand-rails or
hand-holds can be reached by the device’s movable arm. The testing device may be freely
turned about its vertical axis.
126.96.36.199. When applying the procedure described in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. above, only such hand-rails
and hand-holds shall be considered as are not less than 80 cm and not more than 190 cm
above the floor.
184.108.40.206. For every position that can be occupied by a standing passenger, at least one of the two
required hand-rails or hand-holds shall be not more than 150 cm above the level of the floor
at that position. Exception may be given in the middle of large platforms, but the sum of
these exceptions shall not exceed 20% of the total standing area.
220.127.116.11. Areas which can be occupied by standing passengers and are not separated by seats from
the side walls or rear wall of the vehicle shall be provided with horizontal hand-rails parallel
to the walls and installed at a height of between 80 cm and 150 cm above the floor.
5.12.3. Hand-rails and hand-holds for service doors
18.104.22.168. Door apertures shall be fitted with hand-rails and/or hand-holds on each side. For double
doors, this requirement may be met by the installation of one central stanchion or hand-rail.
22.214.171.124. Hand-rails and/or hand-holds to be provided for service doors shall be such that they
include a grasping point available to a person standing on the ground adjacent to the
service door or on any of the successive steps. Such points shall be situated, vertically,
between 80 and 110 cm above the ground or above the surface of each step, and
126.96.36.199.1. for the position appropriate to a person standing on the ground, not more than 40 cm
inwards from the outer edge of the first step; and
188.8.131.52.2. for the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the step
considered, and not more than 60 cm inwards from that same edge.
5.15. Trap doors
Every trap door in the floor of a vehicle shall be so fitted and secured that it cannot be
dislodged or opened without the use of tools or keys and no lifting or securing device shall
project by more than 8 mm above floor level. Edges of projections shall be rounded.
6. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE TYPE
6.1. Every modification of the vehicle type shall be notified to the administrative department
which approved the vehicle type. That department may then either:
6.1.1. consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and
that, in any case, the vehicle still complies with the requirements; or
6.1.2. require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
6.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the modifications, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. above to the Contracting Parties to the
Agreement applying this Regulation.
6.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for
such an extension and inform thereof the other Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement
applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in
Annex 1 to this Regulation.
7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324 – E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2), with the following requirements:
7.1. Vehicles approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the type
approved by meeting the requirements set forth in Paragraph 5 above.
7.2. The competent authority which has granted type-approval may at any time verify the
conformity control methods applicable to each production facility. The normal frequency of
these verifications shall be once every two years.
8. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
8.1. The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be
withdrawn if the requirement laid down in Paragraph 7 above is not complied with.
8.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this
9. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of vehicle under this
Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the
relevant communication, that authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958
Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))
Name of administration:
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type with regard to its general construction pursuant to Regulation No. 107, Approval A/B .
Approval No......................................... Extension No. ................................
1. Trade name or mark of the power-driven vehicle: ..........................................................................
2. Vehicle type:....................................................................................................................................
3. Name and address of applicant for approval ..................................................................................
4. If applicable, name and address of representative of applicant for approval .................................
5. Brief description of the vehicle type as regards its structure, dimensions, configuration and
constituent materials .......................................................................................................................
6. Technical maximum mass of vehicle when tested (kg):
front axle load:.................................................................................................................................
intermediate axle load: ....................................................................................................................
rear axle load:..................................................................................................................................
total mass (MT): .............................................................................................................................
7. Unladen mass (MV): ................................................................................................................(kg)
12. Vehicle approved for Class(es).......................................................................................................
13. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests..........................................................
14. Date of report issued by that service ..............................................................................................
15. Number of report issued by that service .........................................................................................
16. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn ..........................................................................
17. Reason(s) for extension (if applicable) ...........................................................................................
18. Position of approval mark on the vehicle ........................................................................................
19. Place ...............................................................................................................................................
22. The list of documents filed with the administrative service which has granted approval and
available on request is annexed to this communication.
(see also Annex 3, Figure 1)
Height of the upper panel (cm)
Approval A 110 110
Approval B 105 105
Class II 95 110
Class III 85 110
Access to Service Doors and Intercommunication Staircases
(see Paragraphs 5.7.1 and 5.7.6.)
B(cm) C(cm) D(cm)
Class I 55 45 50 180 (168) 177 (172) 102 (90)
Class II 55 35 50 180 (168) 102 (90)
(22 in the case
50 180 (168) 102 (90)
(see Paragraph 5.7.5.)
F (cm) min.
G (cm) min.
Class I and II 20 22.5 25
Class III 22.5 22.5 25
Approval B: Class I, II and III 20 22.5 25
for 25% of seating positions in
Class I (see para. 184.108.40.206.2.2.)
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Paragraph 220.127.116.11.)
20 20 25
K (cm) min.
Class I 35
Class II 40
Class III 40
Approval B: Class I, II and III 35
Seat Cushion Depth
(see Paragraph 18.104.22.168.)
Access to Service Doors
(see Paragraph 5.7.1.)
FORWARD LIMITATION OF THE GANGWAY
Figure 13A (see Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1.)
(see Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1.)
Seats oriented in the travel direction
Figure 13B (see Paragraph 188.8.131.52.2.)
Seats perpendicular to the travel direction
Figure 14 (see Paragraph 184.108.40.206.3.)
Seats oriented in the opposite direction
Service Door Dimensions
(see Paragraph 220.127.116.11.)
(see Paragraph 18.104.22.168.2.)
GUIDELINES FOR MEASURING THE CLOSING FORCES OF POWER-OPERATED DOORS
The closing of a power-operated door is a dynamic process. When a moving door hits an
obstacle, the result is a dynamic reaction force, the history of which (in time) depends on
several factors (e.g. mass of the door, acceleration, dimensions).
2.1. Closing force F(t) is a time function, measured at the closing edges of the door (see
2.2. Peak force F is the maximum value of the closing force.
2.3. Effective force F is the average value of the closing force related to the pulse duration:
2.4. Pulse duration T is the time between the t and t :
T = t – t
Where t = threshold of sensitivity, where the closing force exceeds 50N.
fade-away threshold, where the closing force becomes less than
2.5. The relation between the above parameters is shown in Figure 1 below (as an example):
4.2. The load cell shall have the following characteristics:
4.2.1. It shall consist of two sliding housings with the outer dimension of 100 mm in diameter and
115 mm in width. Inside the load cell a compression spring shall be fitted between the two
housings such that the load cell can be pressed together if an appropriate force is applied.
4.2.2. The stiffness of the load cell shall be 10 ± 0.2 N/mm. The maximum spring deflection shall
be limited to 30 mm so that a maximum peak force of 300 N is achieved.