Regulation No. 107-07

Name:Regulation No. 107-07
Description:General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Category M2 or M3 Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2016-10-28
Amendment Level:07 Series, Supplement 1
Number of Pages:178
Vehicle Types:Bus
Subject Categories:Electrical and Electronic, Miscellaneous, Occupant Protection, Masses and Dimensions
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev 2/Add.106/Rev.7/Amend.1
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
July 26, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 107-07
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
CATEGORY M OR M VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Incorporating:
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.08.10
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.12.10
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.11.12
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Corr. 1 to Revision 6
Dated: 08.12.14
Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16
07 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16
Corr. 1 to Revision 7
Dated: 02.06.17
Supplement 1 to the 07 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.17

Regulation No. 107-07
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF CATEGORY M OR M
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle or bodywork type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitively discontinued
10. Transitional provisions
11. Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
12. (Reserved)

Annex 8 – Accommodation and accessibility for passengers with reduced mobility.
Annex 9 – (Reserved)
Annex 10 – Type approval for a separate technical units and type approval of a vehicle fitted with a
bodywork already approved as a separate technical unit
Annex 11 – Masses and dimensions
Annex 12 – Additional safety prescriptions for trolleybuses
Annex 13 – Part 1 – Fire suppression system approved as a component
Part 2 – Fire suppression system installed in a specific engine compartment
Appendix 1 – Test apparatus, test fires and general test specifications
Appendix 2 – High-load fire
Appendix 3 – Low-load fire
Appendix 4 – High-load fire with fan
Appendix 5 – Re-ignition test

2.1.1.4. A vehicle may be regarded as belonging in more than one Class. In such a case it may be
approved for each Class to which it corresponds.
2.1.2. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers in addition to the driver, there
are two classes of vehicles:
2.1.2.1. "Class A" Vehicles designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has seats
and shall have provision for standing passengers.
2.1.2.2. "Class B" Vehicles not designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has
no provision for standing passengers.
2.1.3. "Articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid sections which
articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each section
intercommunicate so that passengers can move freely between them; the rigid sections are
permanently connected so that they can only be separated by an operation involving
facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.3.1. "Double-decker articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid
sections which articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each
section intercommunicate on at least one deck so that passengers can move freely between
them; the rigid sections are permanently connected so that they can only be separated by
an operation involving facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.4. "Low floor vehicle" is a vehicle of Class I, II or A in which at least 35% of the area
available for standing passengers (or in its forward section in the case of articulated
vehicles, or in its lower deck in the case of double-decker vehicles) forms an area without
steps and includes access to at least one service door.
2.1.5. "Bodywork" means a separate technical unit comprising all the special internal and
external equipment of the vehicle.
2.1.6. "Double deck vehicle" means a vehicle where the provided spaces for passengers are
arranged, at least in one part, in two superimposed levels and spaces for standing
passengers are not provided in the upper deck.
2.1.7. "Separate technical unit" means a device intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be
type approved separately, but only in relation to one or more specified types of vehicle.
2.1.8. "Trolleybus" means a vehicle, electrically driven by energy from external, overhead contact
wires. For the purposes of this Regulation, it also includes such vehicles having an
additional internal means of propulsion (dual mode vehicles) or having a means of
temporary external guidance (guided trolleybuses).
2.1.9. "Vehicle without roof" means a vehicle without roof over all or part of its deck. In the
case of a double-decked vehicle this shall be the upper deck. Space for standing
passengers shall not be provided on any deck without roof, independently of the class of
vehicle.
2.2. "Definition of Type(s)"

2.9. "Emergency window" means a window, not necessarily glazed, intended for use as an exit
by passengers in an emergency only.
2.10. "Double or multiple window" means an emergency window which, when divided into two
or more parts by imaginary vertical line(s) (or plane(s)), exhibits two or more parts
respectively, each of which complies as to dimensions and access with the requirements
applicable to a normal emergency window.
2.11. "Escape hatch" means an opening in the roof or the floor intended for use as an
emergency exit by passengers in an emergency only.
2.12. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.13. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase, half-staircase or emergency
exit.
2.14. "Floor or deck"
2.14.1. "Floor" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver and any crew member, and may
support the seat mountings;
2.14.2. "Deck" means that part of the floor provided only for the passengers.
2.15. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats or each special area for wheelchair users to any other seat or row of seats or each
special area for wheelchair users or to any access passage from or to any service door or
intercommunication staircase and any area for standing passengers; it does not include:
2.15.1. The space extending 300mm in front of any seat, except where a sideways-facing seat is
situated above a wheel arch, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm
(see Annex 4, Figure 25);
2.15.2. The space above the surface of any step or staircase (except where the surface of the step
is contiguous with that of a gangway or access passageway); or
2.15.3. Any space which affords access solely to one seat or row of seats or a facing pair of
transverse seats or row of seats.
2.16. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway), intercommunication
staircase or half-staircase. Where there is no step at the door, the space to be considered
as access passage shall be that which is measured according to Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.
up to a distance of 300mm from the starting position of the inner face of the test gauge.
2.17. "Driver’s compartment" means the space intended for driver’s exclusive use except in the
case of an emergency and containing the driver’s seat, the steering wheel, controls,
instruments and other devices necessary for driving or operating the vehicle.
2.18. "Mass of the vehicle in running order" means the mass of the unladen vehicle with
bodywork, and with coupling device in the case of a towing vehicle, in running order, or the
mass of the chassis with cab if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling
device (including coolant, oils, 90% fuel, 100% other liquids except used waters, tools,
spare wheel and driver (75kg), and, for buses and coaches, the mass of the crew member
(75kg) if there is a crew seat in the vehicle.

2.34. "Portable ramp" means a ramp that may be detached from the vehicle structure and
capable of being deployed by a driver or crew member.
2.35. "Demountable seat" means a seat that can be easily detached from the vehicle.
2.36. "Front" and "Rear" means the front or rear of the vehicle according to the normal direction
of travel and the terms; "forward", "foremost", "rearward" and "rearmost" etc. shall be
construed accordingly.
2.37. "Intercommunication staircase" means a staircase which allows communication between
the upper and lower decks.
2.38. "Separate compartment" means a space in the vehicle which may be occupied by
passengers or crew when the vehicle is in use and which is separated from any other
passenger or crew space, except where any partition allows passengers to see into the next
passenger space, and is connected by a gangway without doors.
2.39. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.
2.40. "Service-door lighting" means a lighting device(s) of the vehicle designed to illuminate the
exterior vicinity of service doors and wheels.
2.41. "Overnight locking system" means a system designed to provide the possibility to secure
the service and emergency doors of the vehicle against opening.
2.42. "Emergency lighting system" means a system that provides a minimum level of lighting
necessary to enable occupants to safely egress from the vehicle, including the emergency
exits.
2.43. "Safety sign" means a configuration of visual elements intended to convey a safety-related
message.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of:
a) A vehicle type, or
b) A separate technical unit type, or
c) A vehicle type fitted with bodywork type already approved as a separate technical
unit, or
d) A component type
With regard to its constructional features shall be submitted by the responsible manufacturer
or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. In the case of an application for approval of a vehicle made by assembling a chassis with
type approved bodywork, the term manufacturer refers to the assembler.

4.4. There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the
approval form, to every vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system conforming to a
vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system type approved under this Regulation, an
international approval mark consisting of:
4.4.1. A circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted approval
4.4.2 The number of this Regulation, followed by the Letter "R", a dash and the approval number,
to the right of the circle prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above; and
4.4.3. An additional symbol consisting of the Roman numerals for the Class(es) in which the
vehicle or bodywork has been approved. A bodywork approved separately shall additionally
bear the Letter S.
4.5. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations
annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation, the symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above need not be repeated; in such
a case, the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the
Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted
approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol
prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle or bodywork data plate affixed
by the manufacturer.
The approval mark shall be affixed to the main part of the fire suppression system. The
marking need not be visible when the system is installed in the vehicle.
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5. REQUIREMENTS
5.1. All vehicles shall comply with the provisions set out in Annex 3 to this Regulation. Bodywork
approved separately shall comply with Annex 10. The approval of a vehicle incorporating
bodywork approved in accordance with Annex 10 shall be completed in accordance with
Annex 3. Fire suppression systems approved separately shall comply with Annex 13, Part 1.
In the case of an approval of a vehicle with a fire suppression system installed in a specific
engine compartment, it shall comply with the requirements of Annex 13, Part 2.
5.2. Vehicles of Class I shall be accessible for people with reduced mobility, including at least
one wheelchair user and one pram or unfolded pushchair according to the technical
provisions laid down in Annex 8. In rigid vehicles of Class I the area for the accommodation
of a wheelchair may be combined with the area for the accommodation of an unfolded
pushchair or pram. In such a case, the area shall have signs fixed on or adjacent to the area
with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".

7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2), with the following requirements:
7.1. Vehicles, bodywork and fire suppression systems approved to this Regulation shall be so
manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in
Paragraph 5 above.
7.2. The Type Approval Authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the
conformity control methods applicable to each production facility. The normal frequency of
these verifications shall be once per two years.
8. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
8.1. The approval granted in respect of a vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system type
pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in Paragraph 5
above is not complied with.
8.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1, Part 2
to this Regulation.
9. PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of vehicle, bodywork
or fire suppression system under this Regulation, he shall so inform the Type Approval
Authority, which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that
Authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1, Part 2,
to this Regulation.
10. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
10.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 04 series of amendments.
10.2. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type to
be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by of the 04 series of
amendments.
10.3. As from 36 months after the entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant national/regional approvals and first
national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the
requirements of the 04 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.4. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval
to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation for vehicles which are not affected by the
04 series of amendments.

10.17. As from September 1, 2021, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not be
obliged to accept, for the purpose of national or regional type approval, a vehicle of Class I
or II type approved to the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.18. Notwithstanding Paragraphs 10.14. and 10.16., Contracting Parties applying this Regulation
shall continue to accept type approvals granted to the 06 series of amendments to vehicles
which are not affected by the 07 series of amendments.
11. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES
The Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to
the Secretariat of the United Nations the names and addresses of the Technical Services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant
approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of
approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
12. (RESERVED)

2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number and position of axles with double wheels: ...................................................................
2.3.2. Number and position of steered axles: .....................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : .....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward, or normal) : ............................................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................
2.8.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left hand traffic.
2.9. Specify if the motor vehicle is intended to tow trailers and if the trailer is a semi-, drawbar or
centre-axle trailer. ......................................................................................................................
3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall) .......................................................................................
3.2.1. For chassis with bodywork
3.2.1.1. Length : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : .....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspension adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.4. Front overhang : .....................................................................................................................
3.2.1.5. Rear overhang : ......................................................................................................................
3.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle at its technically permissible maximum laden
mass in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions. .....................................................

5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.2. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.3. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.4. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N) : .............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ..............................................................................................................
5.3.3. Lower deck (N ): ...............................................................................................................
5.4. Number of passengers (seated) : ...........................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A) : .............................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.5. Crew seat: yes/no ..................................................................................................................
5.6. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.7. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase): .....................................................................................................................
5.7.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.7.2. Upper deck: ............................................................................................................................
5.7.3. Lower deck: ............................................................................................................................

6.3.3.
Maximum hourly/continuous power (kW): .................................................................................
6.3.4.
Rated voltage (V): .....................................................................................................................
6.3.5.
Rated current (A): ......................................................................................................................
6.3.6.
Nominal frequency (Hz): ...........................................................................................................
6.3.7.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.4.
Power electronics
6.4.1.
Make an type of traction inverter: ..............................................................................................
6.4.2.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.3.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.4.4.
Make and type of 24V-battery charger: ....................................................................................
6.4.5.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.6.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.4.7.
Make and type of 3-phase AC supply: ......................................................................................
6.4.8.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.9.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.5.
Power supply for autonomous service:
6.5.1.
Storage system: ........................................................................................................................
6.5.2.
Battery/supercaps: ....................................................................................................................
6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................

ANNEX 1 – PART 1 – APPENDIX 2
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
Model information document relating to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval of bodywork
for Category M or M vehicles with regard to their general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle : .....................................................
1.3.1. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.2. Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.3.3. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of
the type approval mark. .............................................................................................................
1.5. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward control or bonneted) : ............................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................

5.4. Number of passenger seats: .................................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A): .............................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.5. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.6. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase): .....................................................................................................................
5.6.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.6.2. Upper deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.6.3. Lower deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.7. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ..................................................................................
5.8. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ....................................................................
5.9. Technical devices facilitating the access to vehicles (e.g. ramp, lifting platform, kneeling
system), if fitted: .........................................................................................................................
5.10. Points of this Regulation to be accompanied and demonstrated for this separate technical
unit: ............................................................................................................................................
6. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
6.1. Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
6.1.1. Temperature: .............................................................................................................................
6.1.2. External humidity level: .............................................................................................................
6.1.3. Atmospheric pressure: ..............................................................................................................
6.1.4. Altitude: .....................................................................................................................................
6.2. Vehicle
6.2.1. Dimensions with locked poles: ..................................................................................................
6.2.2. Supply: ......................................................................................................................................

6.4.7.
Make and type of 3-phase AC supply: ......................................................................................
6.4.8.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.9.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.5.
Power supply for autonomous service:
6.5.1.
Storage system: ........................................................................................................................
6.5.2.
Battery/supercaps: ....................................................................................................................
6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................
6.5.12.
Characteristics of charge periods: ............................................................................................
6.5.13.
Motor-generator unit: .................................................................................................................
6.5.14.
Hourly/cont. power (kW): ..........................................................................................................
6.5.15.
Make and type of unit or of motor and generator: .....................................................................
6.5.16.
Fuel and fuel system: ................................................................................................................
6.5.17.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.6.
Current collector
6.6.1.
Make and type of current collector: ...........................................................................................
6.6.2.
Operation of current collector: ...................................................................................................

ANNEX 1 – PART 1 – APPENDIX 3
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
pursuant to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval of a
Category M or M vehicle where the bodywork has previously obtained the
type approval as a separate technical unit, with respect to its general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1.
GENERAL
1.1.
Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2.
Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.2.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.2.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.
Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle
: ......................................................
1.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.3.
Location of marking: ..................................................................................................................
1.3.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4.
Category of vehicle
: ...............................................................................................................
1.5.
Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6.
Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2.
GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1.
Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2.
Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................

4.
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
4.1.
Make and type of the fire suppression system: ........................................................................
4.2.
Type approval number of the fire suppression system, if applicable: .......................................
4.3.
Fire suppression system for a specific engine compartment, if applicable:
...........................
4.3.1.
Extinguishing agent (make and type): .......................................................................................
4.3.2.
Mass of extinguishing agent: ....................................................................................................
4.3.3.
Type of discharge point(s): .......................................................................................................
4.3.4.
Number of discharge point(s): ...................................................................................................
4.3.5.
Type of propellant gas, if applicable: ........................................................................................
5.
RESERVED
6.
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
6.1.
Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
6.1.1.
Temperature: .............................................................................................................................
6.1.2.
External humidity level: .............................................................................................................
6.1.3.
Atmospheric pressure: ..............................................................................................................
6.1.4.
Altitude: .....................................................................................................................................
6.2.
Vehicle
6.2.1.
Dimensions with locked poles: ..................................................................................................
6.2.2.
Supply: ......................................................................................................................................
6.2.3.
Rated voltage of overhead line (V): ..........................................................................................
6.2.4.
Rated line current of vehicle (A) including auxiliary drives, HVAC: ..........................................
6.2.5.
Performance: .............................................................................................................................
6.2.6.
Maximum velocity (km/h: normal service/autonomous service): ..............................................
6.2.7.
Maximum inclination (%: normal service/autonomous service): ...............................................
6.2.8.
Description of main power circuits: ...........................................................................................

6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................
6.5.12.
Characteristics of charge periods: ............................................................................................
6.5.13.
Motor-generator unit: .................................................................................................................
6.5.14.
Hourly/cont. power (kW): ..........................................................................................................
6.5.15.
Make and type of unit or of motor and generator: .....................................................................
6.5.16.
Fuel and fuel system: ................................................................................................................
6.5.17.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.6.
Current collector
6.6.1.
Make and type of current collector: ...........................................................................................
6.6.2.
Operation of current collector: ...................................................................................................

ANNEX 1 − PART 1 − APPENDIX 4
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
relation to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval
of a fire suppression system as a component
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the components have electronic controls, information concerning their performance shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type and general commercial description: ...............................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
2. FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
2.1. Extinguishing agent (make and type): .......................................................................................
2.2. Mass of extinguishing agent (required for a 4m engine compartment): ..................................
2.3. Type of discharge point(s) (e.g. type): ......................................................................................
2.4. Number of discharge point(s) (required for a 4m engine compartment) ..............................
2.5. Length of discharge tube (required for 4m engine compartment) ........................................
2.6. Type of propellant gas: ...........................................................................................................
2.7. Pressure of propellant gas: ....................................................................................................
2.8. Minimum operating temperature: ..............................................................................................
2.9. Dimensions of pipes and fittings: ..............................................................................................
2.10. Detailed description, layout drawings and installation manual of the fire suppression system
and its components: ..................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ...............................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
Addendum to Type Approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type approval of a Vehicle with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1. Additional information
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor)
1.3. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.4. Length (overall): ........................................................................................................................ mm
1.5. Width (overall): .......................................................................................................................... mm
1.6. Height (overall): ......................................................................................................................... mm
1.7. Number of passengers (seated and standing): ...............................................................................
1.7.1. Total (N) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.7.2. Upper deck (N )
1.7.3. Lower deck (N )

ANNEX 1 – PART 2 – APPENDIX 2
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle : .................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type approval mark: .........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

1.5.
Volume of baggage compartments (m ):......................................................................................
1.6.
Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ):........................................................................
1.7.
Technical devices facilitating access to vehicles (ramp, lifting platform, kneeling-system): ........
1.8.
Trolleybuses
1.8.1.
Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
1.8.1.1.
Temperature: ...............................................................................................................................
1.8.1.2.
External humidity level: ................................................................................................................
1.8.1.3.
Atmospheric pressure: .................................................................................................................
1.8.1.4.
Altitude: ........................................................................................................................................
2.
Remarks: ......................................................................................................................................
3.
Points accomplished and demonstrated for this separate technical unit: ....................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests: ................................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to Type approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type approval for a Vehicle Type Fitted with a
Bodywork already Approved as a Separate Technical Unit
with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.3. Position of centre of gravity of the laden vehicle in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical
directions: ........................................................................................................................................
1.4. Trolleybuses
1.4.1. Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
1.4.1.1. Temperature: ..................................................................................................................................
1.4.1.2. External humidity level: ..................................................................................................................
1.4.1.3. Atmospheric pressure: ...................................................................................................................
1.4.1.4. Altitude: ..........................................................................................................................................
2. Remarks: .........................................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): See addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ..............................................................
3. Date of test report: .........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: ....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): See Addendum
6. Place: .............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ...............................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: .......................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to type approval certificate No. .......
concerning the type approval of a fire suppression system
as a component with regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Extinguishing agent (make and type): ............................................................................................
1.2. Mass of extinguishing agent (required for a 4m engine compartment): .......................................
1.3. Type of discharge point(s) (e.g. type of nozzles):
1.4. Number of discharge point(s) (required for a 4m engine compartment): ..................................
1.5. Length of discharge tube (required for a 4m engine compartment), if applicable: ...................
1.6. Type of propellant gas, if applicable: ...........................................................................................
1.7.
Pressure of propellant gas (needed in a 4m engine compartment),
in the case of systems
under pressure:
1.8. Minimum operating temperature: ...................................................................................................
1.9. Dimensions of pipes and fittings, if applicable: ..............................................................................

Model C
(See Paragraph 4.4.3. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle bodywork shows that the bodywork type concerned has,
with regard to its constructional features, been approved separately in the Netherlands (E4) for Class III
as a separate bodywork (Letter S), pursuant to Regulation No. 107 under the approval number 062439.
The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the requirements of
Regulation No. 107 as amended by the 06 series of amendments.
Model D
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a fire suppression system shows that the fire suppression system
type has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) as a component, pursuant to Regulation No. 107 under
approval number 072439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the
requirements of Regulation No. 107 as amended by the 07 series of amendments.

7.2.2.2.3. The area of all parts where the clear height above the floor is less than the gangway
height specified in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. of this Annex (handholds shall not be taken into
account in this connection);
7.2.2.2.4. The area forward of a transverse vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating
surface of the driver's seat (in its rearmost position).
7.2.2.2.5. The area 300mm in front of all seats other than folding seats, except in the case of a
sideways-facing seat, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm. In the
case of variable seating arrangements, of any seat when considered to be in use, see
Paragraph 7.2.2.4. above.
7.2.2.2.6. Any surface not being excluded by the provisions in Paragraphs 7.2.2.2.1 to 7.2.2.2.5
above, on which it is not possible to place a rectangle of 400mm × 300mm;
7.2.2.2.7. In vehicles of Class II, the area in which standing is not allowed.
7.2.2.2.8. In double deck vehicles, any area of the upper deck.
7.2.2.2.9. The surface of the wheelchair space(s) when considered occupied by a wheelchair
user(s), see Paragraph 7.2.2.4. above.
7.2.2.2.10. The surface of any wheelchair space(s) dedicated solely for the use of wheelchair
user(s).
7.2.2.3. There shall be on the vehicle a number (P) of seating places, other than folding seats,
which conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8. below. If the vehicle is of Class I,
II or A the number of seating places on each deck shall be at least equal to the number
of square metres of floor on that deck available for passengers and crew (if any) rounded
down to the nearest whole number; this number may, in vehicles of Class I, excluding
the upper deck, be reduced by 10%.
7.2.2.4. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity the area available for
standing passengers (S ) and the provisions of Paragraph 3.3.1 of Annex 11 shall be
determined for each of the following conditions as applicable;
7.2.2.4.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.2. With all possible standing areas occupied followed by the remaining seats available for
seated passengers and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.
7.2.3. Marking of Vehicles
7.2.3.1. Space shall be provided in the driver's area, in a position clearly visible to the driver in
his seating position, for the markings provided for in Paragraph 3.3 of Annex 11.
7.2.3.1.1. The maximum number of seating places the vehicle is designed to carry;
7.2.3.1.2. The maximum number of standing places, if any, the vehicle is designed to carry;

7.4.3. The height of any step used to prevent a wheel of the vehicle from slipping sideways on
a tilt test rig shall not be greater than two-thirds of the distance between the surface upon
which the vehicle stands before it is tilted and that part of the rim of that wheel which is
nearest to the surface when the vehicle is loaded in accordance with Paragraph 7.4.2.
above.
7.4.4. During the test, parts of the vehicle which are not intended to come into contact in
normal use shall not do so, nor shall any part become damaged or deranged.
7.4.5. Alternatively, a calculation method can be used to show that the vehicle will not overturn
under the conditions described in Paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.2. above. Such a calculation
shall take into account the following parameters:
7.4.5.1. Masses and dimensions;
7.4.5.2. Height of centre of gravity;
7.4.5.3. Spring rates;
7.4.5.4. Vertical and horizontal tyre rates;
7.4.5.5. Characteristics of the control of air pressure in the air springs;
7.4.5.6. Position of the centre of moments;
7.4.5.7. Torsion resistance of the body.
The method of calculation is described in the Appendix to this Annex.
7.5. Protection against Fire Risks
7.5.1. Engine Compartment
7.5.1.1. No flammable sound-proofing material or material liable to become impregnated with
fuel, lubricant or other combustible material shall be used in the engine compartment
unless the material is covered by an impermeable sheet.
7.5.1.2. Precautions shall be taken, either by a suitable layout of the engine compartment or by
the provision of drainage orifices, to avoid, so far as possible, the accumulation of fuel,
lubricating oil or any other combustible material in any part of the engine compartment.
7.5.1.3. A partition of heat-resisting material shall be fitted between the engine compartment or
any other source of heat (such as a device designed to absorb the energy liberated
when a vehicle is descending a long gradient, e.g. a retarder, or a device for heating the
interior of the body other, however, than a device functioning by warm water circulation)
and the rest of the vehicle. All fixings, clips, gaskets, etc., used in conjunction with the
partition shall be fire resistant.
7.5.1.4. A heating device operating other than by hot water may be provided in the passenger
compartment if it is encased in material designed to resist the temperatures generated
by the device, emits no toxic fumes and is positioned such that no passenger is likely to
come into contact with any hot surface.

7.5.1.5.4.2. An analysis shall be conducted prior to the installation in order to determine the location
and direction of the suppression agent discharge point(s) (e.g. nozzles, extinguishing
agent generators or extinguishing agent discharge tube or other distribution points).
Potential fire hazards within the engine compartment and each compartment where a
combustion heater is located, shall be identified and the discharge point(s) located such
that the suppression agent will be distributed to cover the fire hazard when the system
activates. The spray pattern and direction of discharge points, as well as the discharge
distance, shall be ensured to cover identified fire hazards. The system shall also be
ensured to work properly regardless of the vehicle’s attitude.
The fire hazard analysis shall, as a minimum, take into account the following
components:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Those whose surface may reach temperatures above the auto-ignition
temperature for fluids, gases or substances that are present within the
compartment;
Electrical components and cables with a current or voltage high enough for an
ignition to occur;
Hoses and containers with flammable liquid or gas (in particular if those are
pressurized).
The analysis shall be fully documented.
7.5.1.5.4.3. The suppression system shall be scaled from the tested system, based on the total gross
volume of the engine and combustion heater compartments where the system is to be
installed. When measuring the engine compartment and the combustion heater
compartments, the gross volume of these compartments shall be measured, i.e. the
volume of the engine and its components shall not be subtracted.
The scaling of the system includes the mass of the suppression agent, all discharge
points and the mass of the propellant gas container, if applicable. The system pressure
shall remain the same as in the tested system. If the system includes a discharge tube
for the extinguishing agent, the length of the tube shall be scaled without nozzles. It is
acceptable if the suppression system has more extinguishing agent and/or more
discharge points and/or a longer discharge tube for the extinguishing agent and/or more
propellant gas than required according to the scaling models found below.
If the gross volume of the engine and combustion heater compartments exceed 4m , the
suppression system shall be scaled up using the following scaling factor calculated in
(1) below. If the gross volume is less than 4m , it is allowed to scale down the
suppression system using the scaling factor (2) below. S S denotes the scaling factor
and x denotes the total gross volume including the engine and combustion heater
compartments [m ].
S = 0.1 · x + 0.6 (1)
S = 0.15 · x + 0.4 (2)
The scaled number of nozzles or other discharge points, if the suppression system has
more than one discharge point may be rounded to the closest whole number.

7.5.4.2. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more first-aid kits. The space provided
shall be not less than 7dm , the minimum dimension shall not be less than 80mm.
7.5.4.3. Fire extinguishers and first-aid kits may be secured against theft or vandalism (e.g. in an
internal locker or behind breakable glass), provided that the locations of these items are
clearly marked and means are provided for persons to extract them easily in an
emergency.
7.5.5. Materials
7.5.6. Fire Detection
No flammable material shall be permitted within 100mm of the exhaust system
component, any high voltage electrical equipment or any other significant source of heat
unless the material is effectively shielded. Where necessary, shielding shall be provided
to prevent grease or other flammable materials coming into contact with exhaust system
or other significant heat sources. For the purposes of this Paragraph, a flammable
material is considered to be one which is not designed to withstand the temperatures
likely to be encountered in that location.
7.5.6.1. Vehicles shall be equipped with an alarm system detecting either an excess temperature
or smoke in toilet compartments, driver's sleeping compartments and other separate
compartments.
7.5.6.2. Upon detection, the system given in Paragraph 7.5.6.1. shall provide the driver with both
an acoustic and a visual signal in the driver's compartment and shall activate the hazard
warning signal.
7.5.6.3. The alarm system shall be at least operational whenever the engine start device is
operated, until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the
vehicle's attitude.
7.6. Exits
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two, either two service doors or one
service door and one emergency door. Every double-deck vehicle shall have two doors
on the lower deck (see also Paragraph 7.6.2.3. below). The minimum number of service
doors required is as follows:
Number of passengers
Number of service doors
CLASS I & A CLASS II CLASS III & B
9 − 45 1 1 1
46 − 70 2 1 1
71 − 100
3
(2 in the case of a
double-deck vehicle)
2
1
>100 4 3 1

7.6.1.7. If the driver's compartment does not provide access to a passenger compartment by
means of a passageway that permits:
(a)
(b)
The front edge of the cylindrical gauge referred to in Annex 4, Figure 6 to reach
at least the transverse vertical plane tangential to the foremost point of the
driver's seat back in its rearmost longitudinal position, and
From this plane, to move the panel shown in Annex 4, Figure 7 forwards from
the contact position, with the cylindrical gauge until it reaches at least the
vertical plane tangential to the foremost point of the driver's seat cushion,
then the requirements of the following Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. to 7.6.1.7.5. below shall be
met:
7.6.1.7.1. The driver's compartment shall have two exits, which shall not both be in the same
lateral wall. When one of the exits is a window, this window it shall have a minimum area
of 400,000mm , it shall be possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring
500mm x 700mm and it shall comply with the requirements set out in Paragraph 7.6.8.
below for emergency windows.
7.6.1.7.2. One or two seats are permitted alongside the driver for additional people, in which case
both of the exits referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.1. above shall be doors.
The driver's door shall be accepted as the emergency door for the occupants of those
seats, provided that it is possible to move a test gauge from the occupants' seats to the
exterior of the vehicle through the driver's door (see Annex 4, Figure 27).
Verification of the access to the driver's door shall be subject to the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.3.2. below, by using the test gauge having a dimension of 600 × 400mm,
as described in Paragraph 7.7.3.3. below.
The service door shall be in the side of the vehicle opposite to that containing the driver's
door and shall be accepted as the emergency door for the driver.
7.6.1.7.3. Paragraphs 7.6.3. to 7.6.7., 7.7.1., 7.7.2. and 7.7.7. of this annex shall not apply to the
exits provided for the driver's compartment as referred to in paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. and
7.6.1.7.2. above.
7.6.1.7.4. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. and 7.6.1.7.2. above, the exits
provided in the driver's compartment, and for the occupants of any seats alongside the
driver shall not count as one of the doors required by Paragraphs 7.6.1.1. to 7.6.1.2.
above, nor as one of the emergency exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4. of this annex
for any other passenger compartment.
7.6.1.7.5. Up to five additional seats may be fitted in a compartment incorporating the driver's
compartment and any seats alongside the driver, provided that the additional seats and
the space for these seats comply with all requirements of this Regulation and at least
one of the emergency exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4. above is a door giving access
to the passenger compartment complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.3.1.2.
of this Annex for emergency doors.

7.6.1.14. All persons accommodated in the lower deck of a double deck vehicle shall in an
emergency situation, have access to the exterior of the vehicle without having to enter
the upper deck.
7.6.1.15. The upper deck gangway of a double deck vehicle shall be connected by one or more
intercommunication staircases to the access passageway of a service door or to the
lower deck gangway within 3m of a service door:
7.6.1.15.1. At least one and one-half staircases shall be provided in the case of vehicles of Class I if
more than 50 passengers are carried on the upper deck;
7.6.1.15.2. At least one and one-half staircases shall be provided in the case of vehicles of Class II
and Class III if more than 30 passengers are carried on the upper deck.
7.6.1.16. In the case of a vehicle without a roof, the exits on the deck without a roof shall be such
as to fulfil those prescriptions that are not incompatible with the absence of the roof.
7.6.1.17. In the case of vehicles of Class A or B, if there is a door opposite the driver's door it may
count as one of the required exits for passengers provided:
7.6.1.17.1. There is not more than one passenger's seat beside the driver's compartment, and
7.6.1.17.2. It complies with the provisions of Paragraph 7.6.1.9. above.
7.6.2. Positioning of Exits
7.6.2.1. Vehicles of Classes I, II and III shall meet the requirements shown below.
7.6.2.1.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of traffic for which the vehicle is designed and
as declared by the manufacturer in the communication form of Annex 1, Part I,
Appendix 1, Paragraph 2.8., to this Regulation. At least one of them shall be in the
forward half of the vehicle. This shall not preclude:
7.6.2.1.1.1. The provision of a specially designed door in the rear or side faces of a vehicle for use in
place of a service door by wheelchair passengers, or
7.6.2.1.1.2. The provision of an additional door in the rear face of a vehicle principally for
loading/unloading of goods or luggage, but which may be used by passengers where
circumstances so require, or
7.6.2.1.1.3. The provision of one or more additional service doors on the opposite side of the
vehicles in the case of vehicles designed for use in circumstances which require
boarding/alighting of passengers on both sides of the vehicle. Vehicles so equipped shall
be provided with control(s) which allow the driver to inhibit normal operation of the doors
that are not currently in use.
7.6.2.2. Vehicles of Classes A and B shall meet the following requirements:
7.6.2.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of the traffic for which the vehicle is designed
and as declared by the manufacturer in the communication form of Annex 1, Part I,
Appendix 1, Paragraph 2.8., to this Regulation.

7.6.2.8. Required escape hatches shall be positioned as follows:
(a)
(b)
If there is only one hatch, it shall be situated in the middle third of the passenger
compartment; or
If there are two hatches, they shall be separated by a distance of at least 2m
measured between the nearest edges of the apertures in a line parallel to the
longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
7.6.3. Minimum Dimensions of Exits
7.6.3.1. Vehicles of Class I, II or III shall meet the following requirements:
7.6.3.1.1. Service doors shall have an aperture creating an access in accordance with the
requirements shown in Paragraph 7.7.1 of this Annex.
7.6.3.1.2. Emergency doors shall have an aperture with a minimum height of 1,450mm and a
minimum width of 600mm.
7.6.3.1.3. Emergency windows shall have a minimum area of 400,000mm . It shall be possible to
inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring 500mm × 700mm.
7.6.3.1.4. In the case of an emergency window situated in the rear face of the vehicle, either it shall
meet the requirements shown in Paragraph 7.6.3.1.3. above, or it shall be possible to
inscribe in the aperture of this emergency window a rectangle 350mm high and 1,550mm
wide, the corners of which may be rounded to a radius of curvature not exceeding
250mm.
7.6.3.1.5. Escape hatches shall have an aperture with a minimum area of 450,000mm . It shall be
possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring 600 × 700mm.
7.6.3.2. Vehicles of Class A or B may meet either the requirements shown in Paragraph 7.6.3.1.
above (Class A meeting Class I requirements and Class B meeting Class II and III
requirements) or those contained in Annex 7, Paragraph 1.1.
7.6.4. Technical Requirements for All Service Doors
7.6.4.1. Every service door shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
the vehicle when the vehicle is stationary (but not necessarily when the vehicle is
moving). However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the possibility
of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can always be opened from
the inside.
7.6.4.2. Every control or device for opening a door from the outside shall be between 1,000mm
and 1,500mm from the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of
Class I, II and III every control or device for opening a door from the inside shall be
between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest the
control and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls
located within the driver's area.
7.6.4.3. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted that if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while
the vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.

7.6.4.11.1. The locking system shall have been automatically deactivated when the ignition is in the
"ON" position, or
7.6.4.11.2. A warning shall be provided to the driver indicating that the overnight locking system
remains in operation at one or more door(s) when the ignition is in the "ON" position.
One signal may be used for more than one door.
7.6.5. Additional Technical Requirements for Power-operated Service Doors
7.6.5.1. In the event of an emergency, every power-operated service door shall be capable,
when the vehicle is stationary or driving at a speed less than or equal to 3km/h, of being
opened from inside and, when not locked, from outside by controls which, whether or not
the power supply is operating:
7.6.5.1.1. Override all other door controls;
7.6.5.1.2. In the case of interior controls, are placed on, or within 300mm of, the door, at a height
(except in the case of interior controls for the door referred to in Annex 8,
Paragraph 3.9.1) of not less than 1,000mm above the first step;
7.6.5.1.3. Can be easily seen and clearly identified when approaching the door and when standing
in front of the door and, if additional to the normal opening controls, be clearly marked for
emergency use;
7.6.5.1.4. Can be operated by one person when standing immediately in front of the door;
7.6.5.1.5. May activate a starting prevention device;
7.6.5.1.6. Cause the door to open to a width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.1.1. below
can pass through within 8s after the operation of the control, or enable the door to be
easily opened by hand to a width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.1.1. below
can pass through within 8s after the operation of the control;
7.6.5.1.7. May be protected by a device which can be easily removed or broken to gain access to
the emergency control; the operation of the emergency control, or the removal of a
protective cover over the control, shall be indicated to the driver both audibly and
visually, and
7.6.5.1.8. In the case of a driver-operated door which does not comply with the requirements of
Paragraph 7.6.5.6.2. below, shall be such that after they have been operated to open the
door and returned to their normal position, the door will not close again until the driver
subsequently operates a closing control.
7.6.5.1.9. In the case of interior controls, shall be deactivated if the vehicle moves at a speed
higher than 3km/h. This requirement may be applied to exterior controls..
7.6.5.2. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from the driving seat to
deactivate the outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from
outside. In this case, the outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically
either by the starting of the engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20km/h.
Subsequently, deactivation of the outside emergency controls shall not occur
automatically, but shall require a further action by the driver.

7.6.5.7. Where a power-operated service door is held closed only by the continued application of
the power supply there shall be provided a visual warning device to inform the driver of
any failure in the power supply to the doors.
7.6.5.8. A starting prevention device, if fitted, shall be effective only at speeds of less than 5km/h
and shall be incapable of operation above that speed.
7.6.5.9. If the vehicle is not fitted with a starting prevention device, an audible warning to the
driver shall be activated if the vehicle is driven away from rest when any power-operated
service door is not fully closed. This audible warning shall be activated at a speed
exceeding 5km/h for doors complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.2.3.
above.
7.6.6. Additional Technical Requirements for Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.1. Activation of the Opening Controls
7.6.6.1.1. Except as provided in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above, the opening controls of every
automatically-operated service door shall be capable of being activated and deactivated
only by the driver from his seat.
7.6.6.1.2. Activation and deactivation may be either direct, by means of a switch, or indirect, for
example by opening and closing the front service door.
7.6.6.1.3. Activation of the opening controls by the driver shall be indicated inside and, where a
door is to be opened from outside, also on the outside of the vehicle; the indicator
(e.g. illuminated push-button, illuminated sign) shall be on or adjacent to the door to
which it relates.
7.6.6.1.4. In the case of direct actuation by means of a switch the functional state of the system
shall be clearly indicated to the driver, by, for example, the position of the switch or an
indicator lamp or an illuminated switch. The switch shall be specially marked and
arranged in such a way that it cannot be confused with other controls.
7.6.6.2. Opening of Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.2.1. After activation of the opening controls by the driver it shall be possible for passengers to
open the door as follows:
7.6.6.2.1.1. From inside, for example by pressing a push-button or passing a light barrier, and
7.6.6.2.1.2. From outside, except in the case of a door intended only as an exit and marked as such,
by, for example, pressing an illuminated push-button, a push-button beneath an
illuminated sign, or a similar device marked with a suitable instruction.
7.6.6.2.2. The pressing of the push-buttons mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.6.2.1.1. above, and the
use of the means of communication with the driver mentioned in Paragraph 7.7.9.1.
below, may send a signal which is stored and which, after the activation of the opening
controls by the driver, effects the opening of the door.

7.6.7.2. Emergency doors, during their use as such, shall not be of the power-operated type
unless, once either a service door control prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above, or a
control for a dedicated emergency door complying with the provisions of
Paragraph 7.6.5.1. has been actuated and returned to its normal position, the doors do
not close again until the driver subsequently operates a closing control. Activation of one
of the controls prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above shall cause the door to open to a
width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.2.1. below can pass through within a
maximum of 8s after the operation of the control, or enable the door to be easily opened
by hand to a width that the gauge can pass through within a maximum of 8s after the
operation of the control. In addition emergency doors shall not be of the sliding type
except in the case of vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers. For these
vehicles a sliding door, which has been shown to be capable of being opened without the
use of tools after a frontal barrier collision test in accordance with Regulation No. 33, can
be accepted as an emergency door.
7.6.7.3. Every control or device for opening an emergency door (on the lower deck in the case of
a double deck vehicle) from the outside shall be between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from
the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of Classes I, II and III
every control or device for opening an emergency door from the inside shall be between
1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest to the control
and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls located
within the driver's area.
Alternatively, the control referred to in Paragraph 7.6.7.2. above for opening a poweroperated
door may be placed according to Paragraph 7.6.5.1.2. above.
7.6.7.4. Hinged emergency doors fitted to the side of the vehicle shall be hinged at their forward
edge and shall open outwards. Check strap, chains or other restraining devices shall be
permitted, provided that they do not prevent the door from opening to, and remaining
open at, an angle of at least 100°. If a means is provided sufficient to give free passage
to the emergency door access gauge, the 100° minimum angle requirement shall not
apply.
7.6.7.5. Emergency doors shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this
requirement shall not apply if the emergency door is locked automatically when the
vehicle is moving at a speed exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.7.6. All emergency doors shall be provided with an audible device to warn the driver when
they are not securely closed. The warning device shall be operated by movement of the
door catch or handle and not by movement of the door itself.
7.6.7.7. If an overnight locking system is provided, the following shall apply:
7.6.7.7.1. The locking system shall have been automatically deactivated when the ignition is in the
"ON" position, or
7.6.7.7.2. A warning shall be provided to the driver indicating that the overnight locking system
remains in operation at one or more door(s) when the ignition is in the "ON" position.
One signal may be used for more than one door.

7.6.9.2. Roof escape hatches shall be ejectable, hinged or made of readily-breakable safety
glass. Floor hatches shall be either hinged or ejectable and shall be fitted with an audible
warning device to warn the driver when it is not securely closed. The floor escape hatch
lock, and not the movement of the hatch itself, shall actuate this device. Floor escape
hatches shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However this requirement shall
not apply if the floor hatch is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.9.3. Ejectable types shall not become totally detached from the vehicle when operated such
that the hatch is not a danger to other road users. The operation of ejectable escape
hatches shall be such that inadvertent operation is effectively prevented. Floor ejectable
hatches shall eject only into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.4. Hinged escape hatches shall hinge along the edge towards the front or rear of the
vehicle and shall hinge through an angle of at least 100°. Hinged floor escape hatches
shall hinge into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.5. Escape hatches shall be capable of being easily opened or removed from the inside and
from the outside. However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the
possibility of locking the escape hatch for the purpose of securing the vehicle when
unattended, provided that the escape hatch can always be opened or removed from the
inside by the use of the normal opening or removal mechanism. In the case of a
readily-breakable hatch, a device shall be provided adjacent to the hatch, readily
available to persons inside the vehicle, to ensure that the hatch can be broken.
7.6.10. Technical Requirements for Retractable Steps
Retractable steps, if fitted shall comply with the following requirements:
7.6.10.1. The operation of retractable steps may be synchronised with that of the corresponding
service or emergency door;
7.6.10.2. When the door is closed no part of the retractable step shall project more than 10mm
beyond the adjacent line of the body work;
7.6.10.3. When the door is open and the retractable step is in the extended position, the surface
area shall conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.7 of this Annex;
7.6.10.4. In the case of a power-operated step, it shall not be possible for the vehicle to move from
rest, under its own power, when the step is in the extended position. In the case of a
manually operated step, an audible indication shall alert the driver when the step is not
fully retracted.
7.6.10.5. A power-operated step shall not be capable of being extended when the vehicle is in
motion. If the device to operate the step fails, the step shall retract and remain in the
retracted position. However, the operation of the corresponding door shall not be
hindered in the event of such a failure or by the step being damaged or obstructed.
7.6.10.6. When a passenger is standing on a power-operated retractable step, the corresponding
door shall be incapable of being closed. Compliance with this requirement shall be
checked by placing a mass of 15kg, representing a small child, at the centre of the step.
This requirement shall not apply to any door within the driver's direct field of view.
7.6.10.7. (Reserved).

7.6.11.2.2. Pictograms indicating required actions by the user shall show a person, or the relevant
part of a person, operating the equipment or device.
7.6.11.2.3. Pictograms indicating a required movement shall, where appropriate, show an arrow
pointing in the direction of motion. Where a rotational movement is required, a curved
arrow shall be used.
7.6.11.2.4. Where devices are to be operated, panels removed or doors opened, the pictogram shall
indicate the action in progress.
7.6.11.2.5. The lower case letter(s) of supplementary words, single letters and numbers shall have a
minimum height of 8mm. Words shall not be in upper case letters only.
7.6.11.3. All safety signs that are visible from the inside of the vehicle shall be of photoluminescent
material having luminance decay characteristics conforming, as a minimum,
to sub-classification C in Table 2 of ISO Standard 17398:2004, when measured in
accordance with Paragraph 7.11. of that standard.
7.6.11.4. Safety signs shall not be located in positions where they may be obscured during
operation of the vehicle. However, a curtain or blind may be positioned over an
emergency window provided an additional safety sign indicates that the emergency
window is located behind the curtain or blind.
7.6.11.5. Each emergency exit, and any other exit that meets the prescriptions for an emergency
exit, shall be marked by one of the relevant pictograms described in Table 3 of ISO
Standard 7010:2011; pictograms shall be legible from both the inside and the outside of
the vehicle.
7.6.11.6. Safety signs shall be positioned adjacent to, or surround, or be on, all internal and
external emergency controls and device(s) for breaking emergency window(s).
7.6.11.7. No part of a safety sign shall obscure any misuse protection that may be present, e.g. a
cover.

7.7.1.2. (Reserved).
7.7.1.3. When the centreline of this test gauge has traversed a distance of 300mm from its
starting position and the test gauge is touching the surface of the step or floor, it shall be
retained in that position.
7.7.1.4. The cylindrical figure (see Annex 4, Figure 6) used for testing the gangway clearance
shall then be moved starting from the gangway, in the probable direction of motion of a
person leaving the vehicle, until its centreline has reached the vertical plane which
contains the top edge of the uppermost step, or until a plane tangential to the upper
cylinder touches the dual panel, whichever occurs first, and retained in that position (see
Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.5. Between the cylindrical figure, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.4, and the dual
panel, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.3. above, there shall be a free space
whose upper and lower limits are shown in Annex 4, Figure 2. This free space shall
permit the free passage of a vertical panel whose form and dimensions are the same as
the cylindrical form (Paragraph 7.7.5.1. below), central section and a thickness of no
more than 20mm. This panel shall be moved, from the cylindrical form tangential
position, until its external side is in contact with the dual panel interior side, touching the
plane or planes defined by the step upper edges, in the probable direction of motion of a
person using the entrance (see Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.6. The free passage clearance for this figure shall not include any space extending to
300mm in front of any uncompressed seat cushion of a forward or rearward facing seat,
or 225mm in the case of sideways-facing seats, and to the height of the top of the seat
cushion (see Annex 4, Figure 25).
7.7.1.7. In the case of folding seats, this space shall be determined with the seat in the position
of use.
7.7.1.8. However, one or more folding seat(s) for use by the crew may obstruct the access
passage to a service door when in the position of use provided that:
7.7.1.8.1. It is clearly indicated, both in the vehicle itself and on the communication form
(see Annex 1), that the seat is for the use of crew only.
7.7.1.8.2. When the seat is not in use it folds automatically as necessary to enable the
requirements of Paragraphs 7.7.1.1 or 7.7.1.2 and 7.7.1.3, 7.7.1.4 and 7.7.1.5 of this
Annex to be met;
7.7.1.8.3. The door is not considered to be a mandatory exit for the purpose of Paragraph 7.6.1.4.
of this Annex;

7.7.2.2. The base of the first cylinder shall be within the projection of the second cylinder.
7.7.2.3. Where folding seats are installed alongside this passage, the free space for the cylinder
shall be required to be determined when the seat is in the position for use.
7.7.2.4. As an alternative to the dual cylinder, the gauging device described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1.
below may be used (see Annex 4, Figure 6).
7.7.3. Access to Emergency Windows
7.7.3.1. It shall be possible to move a test gauge from the gangway to the exterior of the vehicle
through every emergency window.
7.7.3.2. The direction of motion of the test gauge shall be in the direction in which a passenger
evacuating the vehicle would be expected to move. The test gauge shall be kept
perpendicular to that direction of motion.
7.7.3.3. The test gauge shall be in the form of a thin plate having a size of 600mm × 400mm with
corners radiused by 200mm. However, in the case of an emergency window in the rear
face of the vehicle, the test gauge may alternatively have a size of 1,400mm × 350mm
with corners radiused by 175mm.
7.7.4. Access to Escape Hatches
7.7.4.1. Escape Hatches in the Roof
7.7.4.1.1. Except in the case of Class I and A vehicles, at least one escape hatch shall be located
such that a four-sided truncated pyramid having a side angle of 20° and a height of
1,600mm touches part of a seat or equivalent support. The axis of the pyramid shall be
vertical and its smaller section shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch.
Supports may be foldable or moveable provided they can be locked in their position of
use. This position shall be taken for verification.
7.7.4.1.2. When the structural thickness of the roof is more than 150mm, the smaller section of the
pyramid shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch at the level of the outside
surface of the roof.
7.7.4.2. Escape Hatches in the Floor
In the case of an escape hatch fitted in the floor, the hatch shall give direct and free
access to the exterior of the vehicle and be fitted where there is a clear space above the
hatch equivalent to the height of the gangway. Any heat source or moving components
shall be at least 500mm from any part of the hatch aperture.
It shall be possible to move a test gauge in the form of a thin plate having dimensions
600mm × 400mm with corners radiused by 200mm in a horizontal position from a height
above the floor of the vehicle of 1m to the ground.

7.7.5.3. On vehicles of Class III the seats on one side or on both sides of the gangway may be
moveable laterally, it being then possible to reduce the width of the gangway to a figure
corresponding to a lower cylinder diameter of 220mm, on condition that the operation of
a control on each seat, readily accessible to a person standing in the gangway, shall be
sufficient to cause the seat to return easily and, if possible, automatically, even when it is
loaded, to the position corresponding to a minimum width of 300mm.
7.7.5.4. On articulated vehicles, the gauging device defined in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. above shall be
able to pass unobstructed through the articulated section on any deck where the two
sections permit through passage by passengers. No part of the soft covering of that
section, including parts of bellows, shall project into the gangway.
7.7.5.5. Steps may be fitted in the gangways. The width of such steps shall not be less than the
width of the gangway at the top of the steps.
7.7.5.6. Folding seats allowing passengers to sit in the gangway shall not be permitted. Folding
seats shall, however, be permitted in other areas of the vehicle so long as they do not
obstruct the passage down the gangway of the gangway test gauge when in the open
(seating) position.
7.7.5.7. Laterally-sliding seats which in one position encroach on the gangway shall not be
permitted except on vehicles of Class III and subject to the conditions prescribed in
Paragraph 7.7.5.3. above.
7.7.5.8. In the case of vehicles to which Paragraph 7.7.1.9. of this Annex applies, a gangway
shall not be necessary provided the access dimensions specified in that paragraph are
respected.
7.7.5.9. The surface of gangways shall be slip-resistant.
7.7.6. Slope of Gangway
The slope of the gangway shall not exceed:
7.7.6.1. In the longitudinal direction:
7.7.6.1.1. 8% in the case of a vehicle of Class I, II or A, or
7.7.6.1.2. 12.5% in the case of a vehicle of Class III and B, and
7.7.6.2. In the transversal direction, 5% for all classes.
7.7.7. Steps (see Annex 4, Figure 8)
7.7.7.1. The maximum and minimum height, and the minimum depth, of steps for passengers at
service and emergency doors, and within the vehicle, are specified in Annex 4, Figure 8.
7.7.7.1.1. Any transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step. However, the vertical distance between the gangway surface and the floor of the
seating area shall not exceed 350mm.
7.7.7.2. The height of a step shall be measured at the centre of its width at the outer edge, the
tyre equipment and pressure being as specified by the manufacturer for the technically
permissible maximum laden mass (M).

7.7.8.1.3.1. The width of the available space for each seating position, measured from a vertical
plane passing through the centre of that seating position at heights between 270mm and
650mm above the uncompressed seat cushion, shall be 200mm (see Annex 4,
Figure 9A). In case of compliance with this Paragraph the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.8.1.2. above shall not apply; and
7.7.8.1.3.2. In the case of vehicles of Class III, the minimum width of the seat cushion, Dimension "F"
(Annex 4, Figure 9A), measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that
seating position, shall be a minimum of 200mm. In case of compliance with this
paragraph the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8.1.1.2. above shall not apply.
7.7.8.1.4. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers, in the case of seats
adjacent to the wall of the vehicle, the available space does not include, in its upper part,
a triangular area 20mm wide by 100mm high (see Annex 4, Figure 10). In addition, the
space needed for safety belts and their anchorages and for the sun visor should be
considered as exempted.
7.7.8.1.5. In measuring the gangway width, no account shall be taken of whether or not the
available space defined above protrudes into the gangway.
7.7.8.2. Minimum Depth of Seat Cushion (Dimension K, see Annex 4, Figure 11)
The minimum depth of a seat cushion shall be:
7.7.8.2.1. 350mm in vehicles of Class I, A or B, and
7.7.8.2.2. 400mm in vehicles of Class II or Class III.
7.7.8.3. Height of Seat Cushion (Dimension H, see Annex 4, Figure 11a)
The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangential to the front upper surface of the
seat cushion is between 400mm and 500mm: this height may however be reduced to not
less than 350mm at the wheel arches (taking into account the allowances permitted in
Paragraph 7.7.8.5.2. below) and at the engine/transmission compartment.
7.7.8.4. Seat Spacing (see Annex 4, Figures 12A and 12B)
7.7.8.4.1. In the case of seats facing in the same direction, the distance between the front of a seat
squab and the back of the squab of the seat preceding it (Dimension H), shall, when
measured horizontally, parallel to the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and at all heights
above the floor between the level of the top surface of the seat cushion and a point
620mm above the floor, not be less than:
H
Class I, A and B
Class II and III
650mm
680mm
7.7.8.4.2. All measurements shall be taken, with the seat cushion and squab uncompressed using
the testing gauge shown in Annex 4, Figure 12B.

7.7.8.6. Free Height Over Seating Positions
7.7.8.6.1. In the case of single deck vehicles, over each seating position and, except in the case of
the seat(s) alongside the driver in a vehicle of Class A or B, its associated foot space,
there shall be measured a free space with a height of not less than 900mm measured
from the highest point of the uncompressed seat cushion and at least 1,350mm from the
mean level of the floor in the foot space. In the case of vehicles to which
Paragraph 7.7.1.10. of this Annex applies, and also for the seat(s) alongside the driver in
a vehicle of Class A or B, these dimensions may be reduced to 1,200mm measured from
the floor and 800mm measured from the highest point of the uncompressed seat
cushion.
In the case of double deck vehicles, each seating position shall have a free height of not
less than 900mm measured from the highest point of the uncompressed seat cushion. In
the case of the upper deck, this free height may be reduced to 850mm.
7.7.8.6.2. This free space shall be extended over the zone defined:
7.7.8.6.2.1. By longitudinal vertical planes 200mm either side of the median vertical plane of the
seating position, and
7.7.8.6.2.2. By a transverse vertical plane through the rearmost upper point of the seat back and by
a transverse vertical plane 280mm in front of the foremost point of the uncompressed
seat cushion, measured in each case at the median vertical plane of the seating position.
7.7.8.6.3. From the edges of the free space defined in Paragraph 7.7.8.6.1 and 7.7.8.6.2 above,
the following zones may be excluded:
7.7.8.6.3.1. In the case of the upper part of the outboard seats, adjacent to the inner wall of the
vehicle, a zone with a rectangular cross-section 150mm in height and 100mm in width
(see Annex 4, Figure 14).
7.7.8.6.3.2. In the case of the upper part of outboard seating position, a zone with triangular
cross-section whose apex is situated 700mm from the top and whose base is 100mm in
width (see Annex 4, Figure 15). The space needed for safety belts and their anchorages
and for the sun visor is also excluded.
7.7.8.6.3.3. In the case of the foot well of an outboard seating position, a zone of a cross-sectional
area not exceeding, 0.02m (0.03m for low floor vehicles) and having a maximum width
not exceeding 100mm (150mm for low floor vehicles) (see Annex 4, Figure 16).
7.7.8.6.3.4. In the case of a vehicle for up to 22 passengers, in the case of the seating places
nearest to the rear corners of the body, the outer rear edge of the free space, viewed in
plan, may be rounded to a radius not exceeding 150mm (see Annex 4, Figure 17).
7.7.8.6.4. In the free space defined by Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.1, 7.7.8.6.2 and 7.7.8.6.3. above, the
following additional intrusions shall be permitted:
7.7.8.6.4.1. Intrusion of the back of another seat, its supports and its attachments (e.g. folding table);

7.7.10. Hot Drink Machines and Cooking Equipment
7.7.10.1. Hot drink machines and cooking equipment shall be so installed or guarded that no hot
food or drink is likely to be spilled on any passenger due to emergency braking or
cornering forces.
7.7.10.2. On vehicles fitted with hot-drink machines or cooking equipment, all passenger seats
shall have adequate provision for setting down hot food or drink whilst the vehicle is in
motion.
7.7.11. Doors to Interior Compartments
Every door to a toilet or other interior compartment:
7.7.11.1. Shall be self-closing, and shall not be fitted with any device to hold it open if, when open,
it could obstruct passengers in an emergency.
7.7.11.2. Shall, when open, not conceal any handle, control device for opening or obligatory
marking associated with any service door, emergency door, emergency exit, fire
extinguisher or first aid kit;
7.7.11.3. Shall be provided with a means to enable the door to be opened from outside the
compartment in an emergency.
7.7.11.4. Shall not be capable of being locked from the outside unless it can always be opened
from the inside.
7.7.12. Intercommunication Staircase of a Double-deck Vehicle (see Annex 4, Figure 1)
7.7.12.1. The minimum width of any intercommunication staircase shall be so designed as to
permit the free passage of the single door access template as defined in Figure 1 of
Annex 4. The panel shall be moved starting from the gangway of the lower deck up to
the last step, in the probable direction of motion of a person using the staircase.
7.7.12.2. Intercommunication staircases shall be so designed, that, during heavy braking of the
vehicle moving in the forward direction, there is no danger of a passenger being
projected downwards.
This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if at least one of the following conditions is
met:
7.7.12.2.1. No part of the staircase is forward descending;
7.7.12.2.2. The staircase is equipped with guards or a similar provision;
7.7.12.2.3. There is an automatic device in the upper part of the staircase which prevents the use of
the staircase when the vehicle is in motion; this device shall be easily operable in an
emergency.
7.7.12.3. It shall be verified, by use of the cylinder of Paragraph 7.7.5.1. of this Annex, that access
conditions from the gangways (upper and lower) to the staircase are adequate.

7.7.14.4. The minimum depth of the seat cushion, (Dimension K, see Annex 4, Figure 11a)
measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seat, shall be:
7.7.14.4.1. 350mm in the case of Class A or B;
7.7.14.4.2. 400mm in the case of Class I, II or III.
7.7.14.5. The minimum overall width of the seat back measured up to a height of 250mm above
the horizontal plane tangential to the uppermost surface of the uncompressed seat
cushion shall be 450mm.
7.7.14.6. The distance between armrests shall ensure a free space for the driver, as defined in
Paragraph 7.7.14.2. above, of not less than 450mm.
7.7.14.7. The seat shall be adjustable in its longitudinal and vertical positions and in its seat back
inclination. It shall lock automatically in the selected position and, if fitted with a
swivelling mechanism, it shall lock automatically when in the driving position. The seat
shall be equipped with a suspension system.
7.7.14.7.1. The suspension system and the vertical position adjustment are not mandatory for
vehicle of Class A or B.
7.8. Artificial Interior Lighting
7.8.1. Internal electrical lighting shall be provided for the illumination of:
7.8.1.1. All passenger compartments, crew compartments, toilet compartments and the
articulated section of an articulated vehicle;
7.8.1.2. Any step or steps;
7.8.1.3. The access to any exits and the area immediately around the service door(s) including,
when in use, any boarding device fitted;
7.8.1.4. The internal markings and internal controls of all exits;
7.8.1.5. All places where there are obstacles.
7.8.1.6. In the case of a double-decked vehicle without a roof, at least one lighting device shall
be provided as near as practicable to the top of every staircase leading to the upper
deck.
7.8.2. There shall be at least two internal lighting circuits such that failure of one will not affect
the other. A circuit serving only permanent entry and exit lighting can be considered as
one of these circuits.

7.9. Articulated Section of Articulated Vehicles
7.9.1. The articulated section that interconnects rigid portions of the vehicle shall be so
designed and constructed as to allow at least one rotary movement about at least one
horizontal axis, and at least one vertical axis.
7.9.2. When the articulated vehicle at its mass in running order is stationary on a horizontal
level surface, there shall not be between the floor of either of the rigid sections and the
floor of the rotating base or of the element replacing that base an uncovered gap of a
width exceeding:
7.9.2.1. 10mm when all the wheels of the vehicle are on the same plane, or
7.9.2.2. 20mm when the wheels of the axle adjacent to the articulated section are resting on a
surface which is 150mm higher than the surface on which the wheels of the other axles
are resting.
7.9.3. The difference in level between the floor of the rigid portions and the floor of the rotating
base, measured at the joint, shall not exceed:
7.9.3.1. 20mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.1. above, or
7.9.3.2. 30mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.2. above.
7.9.4. On articulated vehicles means shall be provided to physically prevent access by
passengers to any part of the articulated section where:
7.9.4.1. The floor has an uncovered gap not complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.9.2;
7.9.4.2. The floor cannot carry the mass of the passengers;
7.9.4.3. The movements of the walls constitutes a danger to passengers.
7.10. Direction-holding of Articulated Vehicles
When an articulated vehicle is moving in a straight line, the longitudinal median planes of
its rigid portion shall coincide and form a continuous plane without any deflection.
7.11. Handrails and Handholds
7.11.1. General Requirements
7.11.1.1. Handrails and handholds shall be of adequate strength.
7.11.1.2. They shall be so designed and installed as to present no risk of injury to passengers.
7.11.1.3. Handrails and handholds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every handrail shall provide a length of at least 100mm to accommodate a
hand. No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 20mm or greater than 45mm
except in the case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of
Class II, III or B, in access passages. In these cases handrails having a minimum
dimension of 15mm shall be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least
25mm. Handrails shall not have sharp bends.

7.11.5. Handrails and Handholds for Intercommunication Staircases in Double Deck Vehicles
7.11.5.1. Suitable handrails or handholds shall be provided at each side of all intercommunication
staircases. These shall be positioned between 800mm and 1,100mm above the tread
edge of each step.
7.11.5.2. The handrails and/or handholds to be provided shall be such that they include a grasping
point available to a person standing on the lower or upper deck adjacent to the
intercommunication staircase, and at any of the successive steps. Such points shall be
situated vertically between 800mm and 1,100mm above the lower deck or each above
the surface of each step, and,
7.11.5.2.1. For the position appropriate to a person standing on the lower deck, not more than
400mm inwards from the outer edge of the first step, and
7.11.5.2.2. For the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the
step considered, and not more than 600mm inwards from the same edge.
7.12. Guarding of Step Wells and Exposed Seats
7.12.1. Where any seated passenger is likely to be thrown forward into a step well, designated
wheelchair space, pram space or open area for standing passengers as a result of heavy
braking, either a guard or, in the case of a vehicle of Class A or B, a safety-belt shall be
fitted. Where fitted, the guard shall have a minimum height from the floor on which the
passenger’s feet rest of 800mm and shall extend inwards from the wall of the vehicle at
least as far as 100mm beyond the longitudinal centre line of any seating position where
the passenger is at risk or, in the case of a step well, to the riser of the innermost step;
whichever is the lesser.
7.12.2. Paragraph 7.12.1. shall not apply to any sideways facing seat, a seat which has its
centreline within the longitudinal projection of a gangway, a seat in front of which is
existing vehicle structure (e.g. fixed table or luggage pen) offering comparable levels of
protection as a guard meeting the requirements of Paragraph 7.12.1. or transverse
facing seats where the maximum distance between the front faces of the seat squabs of
facing seats does not exceed 1,800mm when measured in accordance with
Paragraph 7.7.8.4.3.
7.12.3. On the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle, the intercommunication staircase well shall
be protected by an enclosed guard having a minimum height of 800mm measured from
the floor. The lower edge of the guard shall not be more than 100mm from the floor.
7.12.4. The front windscreen ahead of passengers occupying upper deck front seats of a
double-deck vehicle shall be provided with a padded guard. The higher edge of that
protection shall be situated vertically between 800mm and 900mm above the floor where
the passenger's feet rest.
7.12.5. The riser of each step in an intercommunication staircase of a double deck vehicle shall
be closed.

ANNEX 3 – APPENDIX
VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION
1. A vehicle may be shown to meet the requirement specified in Paragraph 7.4 of Annex 3 by a
calculation method approved by the Technical Service for conducting the tests.
2. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
parts of the vehicle to verify the assumption made in the calculation.
3. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
3.1. The vehicle shall be represented by a spatial system.
3.2. Due to the location of the centre of gravity of the body of the vehicle and the different spring rates
of the vehicle suspension and tyres, axles do not generally lift simultaneously on one side of the
vehicle as a result of lateral acceleration. Therefore, lateral tilting of the body over each axle has
to be ascertained on the supposition that the wheels of the other axle(s) remain on the ground.
3.3. To simplify matters, it shall be assumed that the centre of gravity of the unsprung masses lies in
the longitudinal plane of the vehicle on the line passing through the centre of the wheel rotation
axle. The small shifting of the roll centre due to deflection of the axle can be neglected. The air
suspension control should not be taken into account.
3.4. The following parameters, at least, shall be taken into account:
Vehicle data such as wheel base, tread width and sprung/unsprung masses, location of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle, deflection and rebound and the spring rate of the vehicle
suspension, considering also non-linearity, horizontal and vertical spring rate of the tyres, torsion
of the superstructure, location of the roll centre of the axles.
4. VALIDITY OF THE CALCULATION METHOD
4.1. The validity of the calculation method shall be established to the satisfaction of the Technical
Service, e.g. on the basis of a comparative test with a similar vehicle.

Figure 2
Access to Service Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.4)
Figure 3
Determination of Unobstructed Access to Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.9.1)

Figure 6
Gangway Mannequin
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.)

Figure 7
Forward Limitation of the Gangway
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1.1)

G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
225
250
Figure 9
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.)
G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
200
200
Figure 9A
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.3)

H = 400/500mm
K = 350mm min
Figure 11a
Seat-cushion Depth and Height
(see Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.7.8.2 and 7.7.8.3)

Figure 12B
Testing Gauge for H Dimension (see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.4.2.)
Thickness of the gauge: 5mm max

Figure 14
Permitted Intrusion into Space above Seat
Transversal Section of the Minimum Free Space above
a Seating Place Adjacent to the Wall of the Vehicle
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.1)

Figure 16
Permitted Intrusion in Lower Part of Passenger Space
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.3)

Figure 18
Permitted Intrusion of a Wheel Arch not Extending beyond the
Vertical Centreline of the Side Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.4.2.1)
Figure 19
Permitted Intrusion of a Wheel Arch Extending beyond the
Vertical Centreline of the Side Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.4.2.2)

Note:
A wheelchair user seated in the wheelchair adds 50mm to the overall length and makes a height of
1,350mm above the ground
Figure 21
Reference Wheelchair
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.6.4)
Figure 22
Minimum Clear Space for the Wheelchair User at the Wheelchair Space
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.6.1)

Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols:
ISO 3864-1:2011
Figure 23C
Pictogram for Pram and Pushchair Area A
Figure 24
(Reserved)
Figure 25
Passenger Foot Space
(see Annexx 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.6)

Figure 29
Example of a Backrestt for a Rearward-facing
Wheelchair
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.8.6)

ANNEX 5
(Reserved)
ANNEX 6
GUIDELINES FOR MEASURING THE CLOSING FORCES OF POWER-OPERATED DOORS
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1.)
AND THE REACTIVE FORCES OF POWER-OPERATED RAMPS
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.11.4.3.3.)
1. GENERAL
The closing of a power-operated door and the operation of a power-operated ramp are dynamic
processes. When a moving door or ramp hits an obstacle, the result is a dynamic reaction
force, the history of which (in time) depends on several factors (e.g. mass of the door or ramp,
acceleration, dimensions).
2. DEFINITIONS
2.1. Closing or reactive force F(t) is a time function, measured at the outer edge of the door or ramp
(see Paragraph 3.2. below).
2.2. Peak force F is the maximum value of the closing or reactive force.
2.3. Effective force F is the average value of the closing or reactive force related to the pulse
duration:
F
1
=

F()
t dt
T
2.4. Pulse duration T is the time between the t and t :
T = t - t
Where,
t = threshold of sensitivity, where the closing or reactive force exceeds 50N.
t = fade-away threshold, where the closing or reactive force becomes less than 50N.

3.2.2. In the case of ramps:
3.2.2.1. At the outer edge of the ramp situated perpendicularly to its direction of movement:
one in the middle of the ramp;
one 100mm inboard from each of the edges parallel to the direction of travel of the ramp.
3.3. At least three measurements shall be taken at each of the measuring points to determine the
clamping or mean reactive force according to Paragraph 2.6. above.
3.4. The signal of the closing or reactive force shall be recorded by means of a low-pass filter with a
limiting frequency of 100Hz. Both the threshold of sensitivity and the fade-away threshold to
limit the pulse duration shall be set at 50N.
3.5. The deviation of the reading from the rated value shall not be more than ± 3%.
4. MEASURING DEVICE
4.1. The measuring device shall consist of two parts: one handle and one measuring part which is a
load cell (see Figure 2).
4.2. The load cell shall have the following characteristics:
4.2.1. It shall consist of two sliding housings with the outer dimension of 100mm in diameter and
115mm in width. Inside the load cell a compression spring shall be fitted between the two
housings such that the load cell can be pressed together if an appropriate force is applied.

ANNEX 7
ALTERNATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR VEHICLES OF CLASSES A AND B
1. Vehicles of Classes A and B shall comply with the requirements of Annex 3 with the exception
that:
(a)
(b)
In place of Paragraph 7.6.3.1. of Annex 3, a vehicle may comply with Paragraph 1.1. of
this Annex;
In place of Paragraph 7.6.2. of Annex 3, a vehicle may comply with Paragraph 1.2. of this
Annex.
1.1. Minimum Dimensions for Exits
The several kinds of exits shall have the following minimum dimensions:
Aperture Dimensions Remarks
Service
door
Emergency
door
Emergency
window
Escape
hatch
Entry height:
Class
A 1,650mm
B 1,500mm
Aperture
Height
Width:
Single door:
650mm
Double door:
1,200mm
Height:
1,250mm
Width:
550mm
Aperture area:
400,000mm
Aperture area:
450,000mm
The service door entry height shall be measured as the vertical
distance measured on a vertical plane of the horizontal
projections of the mid point of the door aperture and the top
surface of the lowest step.
The vertical height of the service door aperture shall be such as
to permit the free passage of the dual panel referred to in
Paragraph 7.7.1.1. of Annex 3. The upper corners may be
reduced with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150mm.
For Class B vehicles where the service door aperture height
lies between 1,400mm and 1,500mm a minimum single door
aperture width of 750mm shall apply. For all the vehicles the
width of any service door may be reduced by 100mm when the
measurement is made at the level of the handholds and by
250mm in cases where intruding wheel arches or the actuating
mechanism for automatic or remote-control doors or the rake of
the windscreen so require.
The width may be reduced to 300mm in cases where intruding
wheel arches so require, providing that the width of 550mm is
respected at the minimum height of 400mm above the lowest
part of the door aperture. The upper corners may be reduced
with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150mm.
It shall be possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle of
500mm × 700mm.
It shall be possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle of
600mm × 700mm.

ANNEX 8
ACCOMODATION AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR PASSENGERS
OF REDUCED MOBILITY
1. GENERAL
2. SCOPE
This Annex contains the provisions which apply to a vehicle designed for easy access for
passengers with reduced mobility and wheelchair users.
These requirements shall apply to vehicles permitting easier access for persons with
reduced mobility.
3. REQUIREMENTS
3.1. Steps
The height of the first step from the ground of at least one service door shall not exceed
250mm for vehicles of Class I and A and 320mm for vehicles of Classes II, III and B. In
the case where only one service door meets this requirement there shall be no barrier or
sign which prevents that door from being used as both an entrance and an exit.
As an alternative for vehicles of Classes I and A, the first step from the ground shall not
exceed 270mm in two door openings, one entrance and one exit.
In low floor vehicles only a kneeling system, but not a retractable step, may be engaged.
In other vehicles either a kneeling system and/or a retractable step may be engaged.
The height of steps in an access passage at the above-mentioned door(s), and
throughout the entire gangway, shall be not more than 200mm for vehicles of Class I and
A and 250mm for vehicles of Class II, III and B.
The transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step.
3.2. Priority Seats and Space for Passengers with Reduced Mobility
3.2.1. Seats shall be either forward or rearward facing and shall be situated in a position near
to a service door(s) suitable for boarding and alighting and compliant with Paragraph 3.1.
above.
3.2.2. There shall be adequate space for a guide dog under, or adjacent to, at least one of the
priority seats. This space shall not form a part of the gangway.
3.2.3. Armrests shall be fitted on seats between the seating position and the gangway and shall
be capable of being moved easily out of the way to permit clear access to the seat. In the
case of seats facing each other, one of the gangway seats may alternatively be fitted
with a vertical stanchion. This stanchion shall be positioned so that the seat occupant is
kept securely on the seat and easy access to the seat is possible.

3.4. Handrails to Priority Seating
3.4.1. A handrail at a height of between 800mm and 900mm above the floor level shall be
provided between the priority seats as described in Paragraph 7.7.8.5.3. of Annex 3 and
at least one service door suitable for boarding and alighting. A break is permitted where
it is necessary to gain access to a wheelchair space, a seat located at a wheel arch, a
staircase, an access passage or a gangway. Any break in the handrail shall not exceed
1,050mm and a vertical handrail shall be provided on at least one side of the break.
3.4.2. Handrails or handholds shall be placed adjacent to priority seating positions to facilitate
entry and exit of the seat, and shall be designed in such a way as to allow the passenger
to grasp them easily.
3.5. Floor Slope
The slope of any gangway, access passage or floor area between any priority seat or
wheelchair space and at least one entrance and one exit or a combined entrance and
exit shall not exceed 8%. Such sloping areas shall be provided with a slip-resistant
surface.
3.6. Wheelchair Accommodation Provisions
3.6.1. For each wheelchair user provided for in the passenger compartment there shall be a
special area at least 750mm wide and 1,300mm long. The longitudinal plane of the
special area shall be parallel to the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and the floor surface
of the special area shall be slip resistant and the maximum slope in any direction shall
not exceed 5%. In the case of a rearward facing wheelchair complying with the
requirements specified in Paragraph 3.8.4 of this Annex, the slope in the longitudinal
direction shall not exceed 8% provided that this slope inclines upwards from the front
end to the rear end of the special area.
In the case of a wheelchair space designed for a forward facing wheelchair, the top of
preceding seat-backs may intrude into the wheelchair space if a clear space is provided
as shown in Annex 4, Figure 22.
3.6.2. There shall be at least one doorway through which wheelchair users can pass. In the
case of vehicles of Class I, at least one wheelchair access door shall be a service
door. The wheelchair access door shall bear a boarding device complying with the
provisions of Paragraph 3.11.3. (a lift) or 3.11.4. (a ramp) of this Annex.
3.6.3. A door for wheelchair access, that is not a service door, shall have a minimum height of
1,400mm. The minimum width of all doors providing wheelchair access to the vehicle
shall be 900mm which may be reduced by 100mm when the measurement is made at
the level of handholds.
3.6.4. It shall be possible for a wheelchair user to move freely and easily from the outside of the
vehicle through at least one of the doors for wheelchair access into the special area(s)
with a reference wheelchair, the dimensions of which are shown in Annex 4, Figure 21.

3.8. Stability of Wheelchairs
3.8.1. In vehicles required to have occupant restraint systems fitted, the wheelchair space shall
be designed for the wheelchair user to travel facing forwards and shall be fitted with
restraint systems complying with either the requirements specified in Paragraph 3.8.2. or
those specified in Paragraph 3.8.3. below
In vehicles not required to have occupant restraint systems fitted, the wheelchair space
shall be fitted with restraint systems complying with the requirements specified in
Paragraph 3.8.2 or 3.8.3., or shall comply with the requirements specified in
Paragraph 3.8.4. below.
3.8.2. Forward-facing Wheelchair − Static Test Requirements
3.8.2.1. Each wheelchair space shall be provided with a restraint system capable of restraining
the wheelchair and the wheelchair user.
3.8.2.2. This restraint system and its anchorages shall be designed to withstand forces
equivalent to the ones required for the passenger seats and occupant restraint systems.
3.8.2.3. A static test shall be carried out in accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.2.3.1. The forces referred hereto shall be applied in forward and rearward directions,
separately and on the restraint system itself;
3.8.2.3.2. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than 0.2s;
3.8.2.3.3. The restraint system shall be capable of withstanding the test. Permanent deformation,
including partial rupture or breakage of the restraint system shall not constitute failure if
the required force is sustained for the specified time. Where applicable, the locking
device enabling the wheelchair to leave the vehicle shall be operable by hand after
removal of the traction force.
3.8.2.4. In forward direction in the case of a separate wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system
3.8.2.4.1. For Category M :
3.8.2.4.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the wheelchair
user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the vehicle. If the restraint
system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle;
3.8.2.4.1.2. 675daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 675daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the
vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the belt in the case of
3-point belt;
3.8.2.4.1.3. 1,715daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.4.1.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.

3.8.2.6. In rearward direction:
3.8.2.6.1. 810daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the rear of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system.
3.8.2.7. In every case the forces shall be applied to the wheelchair user restraint system by
means of a traction device appropriate to the belt type as specified in Regulation No. 14.
3.8.3. Forward-facing Wheelchair − Hybrid Test Requirements
3.8.3.1. A wheelchair space shall be fitted with a wheelchair restraint system suitable for general
wheelchair application and shall allow the carriage of a wheelchair and a wheelchair user
facing the front of the vehicle;
3.8.3.2. A wheelchair space shall be fitted with a wheelchair user restraint system which shall
comprise of a minimum of two anchorage points and a pelvic restraint (lap belt) designed
and constructed of components intended to perform in a similar manner to those of a
seat belt conforming to Regulation No. 16;
3.8.3.3. Any restraint system fitted to a wheelchair space shall be capable of being easily
released in the case of an emergency;
3.8.3.4. Any wheelchair restraint system shall either:
3.8.3.4.1. Meet the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.8. and be securely
attached to vehicle anchorages meeting the static test requirements in
Paragraph 3.8.3.6. below; or
3.8.3.4.2. Be securely attached to vehicle anchorages such that the combination of restraint and
anchorages meets the requirements of Paragraph 3.8.3.8.
3.8.3.5. Any wheelchair user restraint shall either:
3.8.3.5.1. Meet the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.9. and be securely
attached to vehicle anchorages meeting the static test requirements in
Paragraph 3.8.3.6. below; or
3.8.3.5.2. Be securely attached to vehicle anchorages such that the combination of restraint and
anchorages meets the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.9. when
attached to anchorages set up as described in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.7.
3.8.3.6. A static test shall be carried out on the anchorage points for both the wheelchair restraint
system and the wheelchair user restraint in accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.3.6.1. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.7. below shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.3.6.2. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.7.3. below shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair user restraint and by means of a traction
device specified in Regulation No. 14.

3.8.3.8.1.2. Exceeding 15g in the forward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.04s;
3.8.3.8.1.3. Exceeding a duration of 0.075s;
3.8.3.8.1.4. Not exceeding 28g and for not more than 0.08s;
3.8.3.8.1.5. Not exceeding a duration of more than 0.12s, and
3.8.3.8.2. A representative wheelchair test trolley of mass 85kg shall, from a speed of between
48km/h to 50km/h to rest, be subject to a deceleration-time pulse:
3.8.3.8.2.1. Exceeding 5g in the rearward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.015s;
3.8.3.8.2.2. Not exceeding 8g in the rearward direction and for not more than 0.02s;
3.8.3.8.3. The test in Paragraph 3.8.3.8.2. above shall not apply if the same restraints are used for
the forward and rearward direction or if an equivalent test has been conducted;
3.8.3.8.4. For the above test, the wheelchair restraint system shall be attached to either:
3.8.3.8.4.1. Anchorages fixed to the test rig which represents the geometry of the anchorages in a
vehicle for which the restraint system is intended, or
3.8.3.8.4.2. Anchorages forming part of a representative section of the vehicle for which the restraint
system is intended, set up as described in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.7. above.
3.8.3.9. A wheelchair user restraint shall comply with the test requirements specified in
Regulation No. 16 or an equivalent test to the deceleration-time pulse in
Paragraph 3.8.3.8.1. above. A seat belt approved to Regulation No. 16 and so marked
shall be deemed to comply.
3.8.3.10. A test in Paragraph 3.8.3.6., 3.8.3.8. or 3.8.3.9. above shall be deemed to have failed
unless the following requirements are met:
3.8.3.10.1. No part of the system shall have failed, or shall have become detached from its
anchorage or from the vehicle during the test;
3.8.3.10.2. Mechanisms to release the wheelchair and user shall be capable of release after
completion of the test;
3.8.3.10.3. In the test in Paragraph 3.8.3.8. above the wheelchair shall not move more than 200mm
in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle during the test;
3.8.3.10.4. No part of the system shall be deformed to such an extent after completion of the test
that, because of sharp edges or other protrusions, the part is capable of causing injury.
3.8.3.11. Its operating instructions shall be clearly displayed adjacent to it.
3.8.4. Rearward-facing Wheelchair − Static Test Requirements
3.8.4.1. Vehicles not required to have occupant restraint systems fitted may, as an alternative to
the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.2 or 3.8.3. above, be provided with a wheelchair space
designed for the wheelchair user to travel unrestrained with the wheelchair facing
rearwards against a support or backrest, in accordance with the following provisions:

3.8.6.3. A backrest shall have a width of:
3.8.6.3.1. Not less than 270mm and of not more than 420mm up to a height of 830mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.6.3.2. Not less than 270mm and of not more than 300mm at heights exceeding 830mm
measured vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.
3.8.6.4. A backrest shall be fitted at an angle of not less than 4° and of not more than 8° to the
vertical with the bottom edge of the backrest positioned closer to the rear of the vehicle
than the top edge.
3.8.6.5. The padded surface of a backrest shall form a single and continuous plane.
3.8.6.6. The padded surface of a backrest shall pass through any point on an imaginary vertical
plane situated to the rear of the front end of the wheelchair space and situated not less
than 100mm and not more than 120mm from the front end of the wheelchair space
measured horizontally and not less than 830mm and not more than 870mm from the floor
of the wheelchair space measured vertically.
3.9. Door Controls
3.9.1. If a door referred to in Paragraph 3.6 is fitted with opening controls for use under normal
circumstances, these controls shall:
3.9.1.1. In the case of exterior controls, be on or adjacent to that door at a height between 850mm
and 1,300mm from the ground and be not more than 900mm from the door, and
3.9.1.2. In the case of interior controls in vehicles of Class I, II and III, be on or adjacent to that
door at a height of between 850mm and 1,300mm from the upper surface of the floor
nearest the control and be not more than 900mm in any direction from the door aperture.
3.10. Provisions for the Accommodation of Unfolded Prams and Pushchairs
3.10.1. (Reserved)
3.10.2. The dimensions of the unfolded pram or pushchair area shall not be less than 750mm
wide and 1,300mm long. Its longitudinal plane shall be parallel to the longitudinal plane
of the vehicle and the floor surface shall be slip resistant.

3.10.9. Additional wheelchair areas may be combined with the area for the accommodation of an
unfolded pram or pushchair provided the relevant requirements are met. In such a case,
the area shall have signs fixed on or adjacent to them with the following text, equivalent
text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".
3.11. Provisions for Boarding Devices
3.11.1. General requirements:
3.11.1.1. The controls actuating the boarding devices shall be clearly marked as such. The
extended or lowered position of the boarding device shall be indicated by a tell-tale to the
driver.
3.11.1.2. In the event of the failure of a safety device, lifts, ramps and kneeling systems shall be
incapable of operation, unless they can be safely operated by manual effort. The type
and location of the emergency operating mechanism shall be clearly marked. In the
event of power failure, lifts and ramps shall be capable of manual operation.
3.11.1.3. Access to one of the service or emergency doors on the vehicle may be obstructed by a
boarding device providing the following two conditions are satisfied from both inside and
outside the vehicle.
3.11.1.3.1. The boarding device does not obstruct the handle or other device for opening the door.
3.11.1.3.2. The boarding device can be readily moved to leave the doorway clear for use in an
emergency.
3.11.2. Kneeling System
3.11.2.1. A switch shall be required to enable operation of the kneeling system.
3.11.2.2. Any control which initiates the lowering or raising of any part or the whole of the
bodywork relative to the road surface must be clearly identified and be under the direct
control of the driver.
3.11.2.3. The lowering process shall be capable of being stopped and immediately reversed by a
control both within the reach of the driver, whilst seated in the cab, and also adjacent to
any other operating controls provided for the operation of the kneeling system.
3.11.2.4. Any kneeling system that is fitted to a vehicle shall not allow the vehicle to be driven at a
speed of more than 5km/h when the vehicle is lower than the normal height of travel.
3.11.3. Lift
3.11.3.1. General Provisions
3.11.3.1.1. Lifts shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill. Any movement of
the platform shall be prevented unless a device preventing the wheelchair from rolling off
has been activated or has automatically come into operation.
3.11.3.1.2. The lift platform shall not be less than 800mm wide, and not less than 1,200mm long and
shall be capable of operating when carrying a mass of at least 300kg.

3.11.4.1.7. A portable ramp shall be secure when in its position for use. A portable ramp shall be
provided with a suitable position where it can be safely stowed and where it is readily
available for use.
3.11.4.2. Modes of Operation
3.11.4.2.1. Deployment and stowage of the ramp may be either manually or power-operated.
3.11.4.3. Additional Technical Requirements for Power-operated Ramps
3.11.4.3.1. Deployment and stowage of the ramp shall be indicated by flashing yellow lights and an
audible signal.
3.11.4.3.2. Deployment and stowage of the ramp that may create a risk of injury shall be protected
by a safety device(s).
3.11.4.3.3. These safety devices shall stop the movement of the ramp when the ramp is subject to a
reactive force not exceeding 150N. The peak force may be higher than 150N for a short
time provided that it does not exceed 300N. The reactive force may be measured by any
method to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority. Guidelines for measuring the
reactive forces are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation.
3.11.4.3.4. The horizontal movement of a ramp shall be interrupted when a mass of 15kg is placed
upon it.
3.11.4.4. Operation of power-operated ramps
3.11.4.4.1. Where the driver has an adequate view of the ramp sufficient to monitor its deployment
and use, to ensure the safety of passengers, the ramp may be operated by the driver
when in the driver’s seat. This requirement may be met by a suitable indirect vision
device(s).
3.11.4.4.2. In all others cases, the controls shall be adjacent to the ramp. They shall be capable of
being activated and deactivated only by the driver from his seat.
3.11.4.5. Operation of manually-operated ramp
3.11.4.5.1. The ramp shall be so designed that excessive forces are not required to operate the
ramp.

ANNEX 11
MASSES AND DIMENSIONS
1. This Annex applies to the masses and dimensions of vehicles of Categories M and M
in so far as they are necessary for the approval of a vehicle in respect of its general
construction.
2. DEFINITIONS
For the purposes of this Annex:
2.1. "Group of axles" means axles being part of a bogie. A two-axle group is called a
tandem and a tri-axle group a tri-axle bogie. By convention, a solo axle is considered as
a group of one axle.
2.2. "Vehicle dimensions" means the dimensions of the vehicle based on its construction,
as stated by the manufacturer.
2.2.1. "Vehicle length" is a dimension which is measured according to
ISO Standard 612-1978, Term No 6.1.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle length the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
wiper and washer devices,
front or rear marking-plates,
customs sealing devices and their protection,
devices for securing the tarpaulin and their protection,
lighting equipment,
mirrors and other devices for indirect vision,
watching aids,
air-intake pipes,
length stops for demountable bodies,
access steps and hand-holds,
ram rubbers and similar equipment,
lifting platforms, access ramps and similar equipment in running order, not
exceeding 300mm, provided that the loading capacity of the vehicle is not
increased,

2.3. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the axle (m)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the axle on the
road surface, based on the construction of the vehicle and of the axle and as stated by
the vehicle manufacturer.
2.4. "Technically permissible maximum mass on a group of axles (µ)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the group of
axles on the road surface, based on both the construction of the vehicle and of the group
of axles and as stated by the vehicle manufacturer.
2.5. "Towable mass" means the total load exerted on the road surface by the axle(s) of the
towed vehicle(s).
2.6. "Technically permissible maximum towable mass (TM)" means the maximum
towable mass stated by the manufacturer.
2.7. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point of a vehicle"
means the mass corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load on the
coupling point based on the construction of the motor vehicle and/or coupling device and
as stated by the manufacturer. By definition, this mass does not include the mass of the
coupling device of the vehicle.
2.8. "Technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination (MC)" means
the total mass of a combination of vehicle and trailer(s) as stated by the manufacturer.
2.9. "Axle-lift device" means a device permanently fitted to a vehicle for the purpose of
reducing or increasing the load on the axle(s), according to the loading conditions of the
vehicle:
a) either by raising the wheels clear off the ground/lowering them to the ground,
b) or without raising the wheels off the ground, (e.g. in the case of air suspension
systems, or other systems),
in order to reduce the wear on the tyres when the vehicle is not fully laden, and/or make
starting (moving off) on slippery ground easier for vehicles or vehicle combinations, by
increasing the load on the driving axle.
3. REQUIREMENTS
3.1. Measurement of the Mass of the Vehicle in Running Order and of its Distribution
Among the Axles
The mass of the vehicle in running order and its distribution on the axles are measured
on the vehicle(s) submitted in accordance with Paragraph 3.4. of this Regulation placed
in a stationary position with their wheels set straight ahead. If the measured masses
differ by no more than 3% from the masses stated by the manufacturer for the
corresponding technical configurations within the type, or by no more than 5% if the
vehicle is of Category M not exceeding 3,500kg, the masses in running order and their
distribution among the axles as stated by the manufacturer are used for the purpose of
the requirements below. Otherwise the measured masses shall be used and the
technical service may then, if necessary, carry out additional measurements on
vehicle(s) other than those submitted in accordance with Paragraph 3.4. of this
Regulation.

3.2.2.2. For each group of axles designated 'j', the sum of the masses m on its axles shall not be
less than the mass µ . In addition, each of the masses m shall not be less than the part
of µ applying on the axle 'i' as determined by the mass distribution laws for that group of
axles.
3.2.2.3. The sum of the masses µ shall not be less than the mass M.
3.2.2.4. MC shall not exceed M + TM.
3.2.3. Loading Conditions
3.2.3.1. The mass of the vehicle in running order, plus the mass Q multiplied by the number of
seated and standing passengers, plus the masses WP, B and BX as defined in
Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. below, plus the technical permissible maximum mass on the
coupling point, if a coupling is fitted by the manufacturer, shall not exceed the mass M.
3.2.3.2. When the vehicle in running order is laden as described in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. below,
the mass corresponding to the load on each axle shall not exceed the mass m on each
axle, and the mass corresponding to the load on each solo axle or group of axles shall
not exceed the mass µ on that group of axles. Moreover, the mass corresponding to the
load on the driving axle or the sum of masses, corresponding to the loads on the driving
axles shall be at least 25% of M.
3.2.3.2.1. The vehicle in running order is loaded with: a mass corresponding to the number P of
seated passengers, of mass Q; a mass corresponding to the number SP of standing
passengers, of mass Q uniformly distributed over the surface available for standing
passengers S ; where appropriate, a mass WP uniformly distributed over each
wheelchair space; a mass equal to B (kg) uniformly distributed in the baggage
compartments; a mass equal to BX (kg) uniformly distributed over the surface area of the
roof equipped for the carriage of baggage, where:
P is the number of seating places.
S is the area for standing passengers. In the case of vehicles of Classes III or B, S = 0.
SP, declared by the manufacturer, shall not exceed the value S /S , where S is the
conventional space provided for one standing passenger specified in the table below.
WP (kg), is the number of wheelchair spaces multiplied by 250kg representing the mass
of a wheelchair and user.
B (kg), declared by the manufacturer, shall have a numeric value not less than 100 × V.
V is the total volume of baggage compartments in m including exterior racks, ski-boxes
and baggage compartments, that are attached to the outside of the vehicle.
BX, declared by the manufacturer, shall have a numeric value not less than 75kg/m .
Double deck vehicles shall not be equipped for the carriage of baggage on the roof and
therefore BX for double deck vehicles shall be zero.

3.3. Marking of Vehicles
3.3.1. The vehicle shall be clearly marked on the inside in a position visible to the driver in his
seating position:
3.3.1.1. In letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than 12mm high,
with:
3.3.1.1.1. The maximum number of seating places the vehicle is designed to carry;
3.3.1.1.2. The maximum number of standing places, if any, the vehicle is designed to carry;
3.3.1.1.3. The maximum number of wheelchairs which the vehicle is designed to carry, if any.
3.3.1.2. In letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than 12mm high,
with:
3.3.1.2.1. The mass of baggage which may be carried when the vehicle is fully loaded according to
Paragraph 3.2.3. of this Annex.
3.3.1.2.2. As appropriate this shall include the mass of baggage:
3.3.1.2.2.1. In baggage compartments (Mass B, Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. above);
3.3.1.2.2.2. on the roof if equipped for the carriage of baggage (Mass BX, Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1.
above).
3.3.2. Space shall be provided adjacent to the above markings allowing the vehicle to be
marked, in letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than
12mm high, with the mass of baggage B and BX which may be carried when the vehicle
is loaded with the maximum number of passengers and crew and the vehicle is not
exceeding the maximum laden mass, or the maximum mass of any axle or group of
axles at which the vehicle can be put into service in the Contracting Party where it is to
be registered. Contracting Parties that require the marking of this mass shall, in
agreement with the manufacturer, determine the mass of baggage to be marked and
take the necessary measures to ensure that vehicles are so marked prior to their
registration.
3.4. Manoeuvrability
3.4.1. Any vehicle must be able to manoeuvre on either side for a complete circular trajectory
of 360° inside an area defined by two concentric circles, the outer circle having a radius
of 12.50m and the inner circle having a radius of 5.30m, without any of the vehicle's
outermost points (with the exception of the protruding parts excluded from the
measurement of the vehicle width) projecting outside the circumferences of the circles.
For vehicles with axle-lift devices, this requirement also applies with the retractable
axle(s) in the lifted position or loadable axle(s) in the unladen condition.
3.4.1.1. The requirements of Paragraph 3.4.1. above shall be verified with the outermost front
point of the vehicle guided along the contour of the outer circle (see Figure A).

R = 12.5m
r = 5.3m
U = maximum 0.6m
Figure C
3.4.3.
3.4.4.
The requirements
of Paragraphs 3.4.1. and 3.4.2. above may also be verified, at the
request of the manufacturer,
with an appropriate equivalent calculation or geometric
demonstration.
In the
case of incomplete i
vehicles, the manufacturer shall declare the maximum
permissible dimensions for which the vehicle is to be checked against the requirements
of Paragraphs 3.4.1. and 3.4.2. above.

1.4. "Self-extinguishing material" means a material that does not continue to burn when
the ignition source is removed.
1.5. "Insulation": there are different types of insulation:
1.5.1. Functional insulation: ensures the functionality of the equipment;
1.5.2. Basic insulation: protects persons from electrical hazards in systems with protective
bonding;
1.5.3. Supplementary insulation: protects persons from electrical hazards in systems without
protective bonding;
1.5.4. Double insulation: combination of basic and supplementary, each individually testable by
a metallized intermediate layer.
1.6. "Rated insulation voltage"
1.6.1. For circuits connected to the line voltage, the rated insulation voltage (U ) for each part
of the double insulation is the maximum line voltage according to Paragraph 1.1. above;
and
1.6.2.
For circuits insulated from the line voltage, the rated insulation voltage (U
) is the
maximum permanent voltage that occurs in the circuit.
2. CURRENT COLLECTION
2.1. Current shall be obtained from the contact wires by means of one or more connecting
devices, normally comprising two current collectors. (A single current collector or a
pantograph may be used in guided applications). A current collector shall consist of a
roof mounting (trolley base), a trolley pole, a current collector head and a replaceable
contact surface insert. Current collectors shall be mounted so that they can turn in both
horizontal and vertical directions.
A current collector shall achieve, as a minimum, a ±55° rotation about the vertical axis of
its attachment to the trolleybus and a ±20° rotation about the horizontal axis of its
attachment to the trolleybus.
2.2. Trolley poles shall be made either of a material providing insulation or of metal covered
with insulating material representing functional insulation to avoid short circuiting
between the overhead lines in case of their detachment (de-wiring) and shall be resistant
to mechanical shocks.
2.3. Current collectors shall be designed to maintain adequate positive contact with the
contact wires when the wires are located at between 4 and 6m above the ground and to
allow the longitudinal axis of the trolleybus to deviate at least 4.0m to either side of the
mean axis of the contact wires.
2.4. Each trolley pole shall be equipped with a device that automatically retracts the pole in
the event of the current collector becoming accidentally detached from the contact wire
(de-wired).
2.5. In the event of de-wiring, contact between the retracted poles and any part of the roof
shall be prevented.

3.7.1.
External insulations, e.g. onn the roof and at thee traction motor with occasional
conductivity and regular cleaning, shall have a minimum clearance e of 10mm.
They shall be mounted with shelter from weather or be b designed as umbrella insulators
or insulators with
drip edge or another method having equivalent effects. Silicon as
material or covering is recommended. In
this case, the minimumm creep age
distance
shall be 20mm.
With other materials or designs or mountings or extreme operationn conditions, a greater
creep age distance shall be chosen. Documentation of o the layout is part of the
approval
(see Item 6.2.11. of Annex 1, Part 1, Appendices 1, 2 and a 3).
3.7.2.
Voltage Class B equipment shall be marked with the t lightningg symbol. The symbol
background shall be yellow, the bordering and the arrow shall be black.
The symbol shalll also be visible on enclosures andd barriers, which when removed,
expose current conducting parts of voltage Class B circuits. Accessibility and
removability of barriers/enclosures should be considered when evaluating the
requirement for the symbol.
3.8.
3.9.
The current conducting partss of electrical components, with thee exception of current
collectors, surge arrestors andd traction resistors, shall be protectedd against moisture and
dust.
Means shall be provided for a periodic resistance test to be conducted on each basic
and supplementary insulation of components with double insulation. With a new and dry
trolleybus, the insulation resistance of electrical circuits at a test voltage of 1,000V DC
shall not be less than:
3.9.1.
3.9.2.
3.9.3.
3.10.
For each basic insulation:
For each supplementary insulation:
For the overall double insulation:
Wiring
and apparatus:
10MΩ
10MΩ
10MΩ
3.10.1.
3.10.2.
3.10.3.
3.10.4.
Flexible wires shall be used for all circuits. The rated insulation voltage of wires to
ground shall be att least the rated insulationn voltage according to Paragraph 1.6.
Mounted wiring should not be stressed mechanically.
Wiring
insulation shall not propagate burning.
Wiring
of different voltages classes shall be mounted separately. s

4. ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF PASSENGERS AND CREW
4.1. In a trolleybus, each circuit energized by an overhead line voltage shall have double
insulation of the vehicle chassis.
4.2. The influence of dynamic charge currents, caused by capacitive couplings between
voltage Class B equipment and electric chassis, shall be reduced by the protective
impedance of insulating materials used in entrance areas. Stanchions and handrails at
doorways, door panels and handles, mobility aid ramps and the first steps shall be made
of insulating material, or covered with mechanical durable insulation or insulated from the
trolleybus body.
4.3. The trolleybus shall be equipped with an onboard device for permanent monitoring of
leakage current or voltage between the chassis and the road surface. The device shall
automatically disconnect the high voltage circuits from the contact system (when
trolleybus is stationary) if the leakage current exceeds 3 mA or if the leakage voltage
exceeds 60V DC (according to EN 50122-1 or IEC 62128-1).
5. THE DRIVER'S COMPARTMENT
5.1. In the driver's compartment, there should not be any high voltage equipment accessible
by the driver.
5.2. As a minimum, the instrument panel shall include:
5.2.1. Indicator of voltage in the contact system;
5.2.2. Indicator of zero voltage in the contact system;
5.2.3. Indicator of state of main automatic line voltage circuit breaker;
5.2.4. Indicator of charge/discharge of the batteries;
5.2.5. Indicator of body voltage or leakage current exceeding the limits specified in
Paragraph 4.2. above.

ANNEX 13 – PART 2
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM INSTALLED IN A SPECIFIC ENGINE COMPARTMENT
1. SPECIFICATIONS
1.1. A specific engine compartment means engine compartments which do not differ in the
following essential aspects:
(a)
(b)
(c)
The position of the engine compartment;
Maximum gross volume;
General layout of components in the compartment (i.e. position of the determined fire
hazards).
For compartments where a combustion heater is located items (b) and (c) apply.
1.2. The fire suppression systems shall be tested for high-load fire, low-load fire, high-load fire
with fan (to be applied if a fan is fitted in the engine compartment and/or combustion heater
compartment) and re-ignition.
1.3. The test apparatus, test fires and general test conditions are described in Appendix 1 to this
Annex.
In order to facilitate the positioning of the fire trays within the engine and combustion heater
compartment additional supports may be used and the height of the prescribed test fire may
be lowered to a minimum of 40mm.
The test conditions in Appendices 2 to 5 may be adapted for the specific engine compartment
and combustion heater compartment. The adaptation shall be based on the provisions given
in Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.5.1.5.4.2. and 7.5.1.5.4.3., determining the fire hazards within the
compartment and the scaling of the fire suppression system. The adaptation shall provide an
equivalent level of safety. The principles for the adaptation shall be verified by the Technical
Service responsible for the tests. The principle of adaption shall be documented and added to
the test report.
1.4. High-load Fire
1.4.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 2 to this Annex.
1.4.2. The test shall be conducted with the extinguishing agent and the propellant gas vessel or the
suppression agent generator cooled to the minimum operating temperature for the fire
suppression system, as declared by the manufacturer.
1.4.3. The fires shall be fully extinguished, either, in the minute after activation or upon end of the
discharge of the suppression system.
1.4.4. The test is considered passed either after success at the first attempt or after success at the
second and third attempts in case of failure at the first attempt.

ANNEX 13 – APPENDIX 1
TEST APPARATUS, TEST FIRES AND GENERAL TEST SPECIFICATIONS
1. TEST APPARATUS
1.1. The test apparatus is to be made of steel plate. The thickness of the steel plate shall be in
accordance with Table 1. Figure 1 shows the test apparatus from the front side, Figure 2 from
the rear side and Figure 3 from above. The front side of the test apparatus simulates the rear
side of a real engine compartment.
Figure 1
Coordinate System for the Positioning of Objects in the Test Apparatus
(View from Front Side)

Table 1
Test Apparatus Objects
Objects
Fan cylinder
Obstructions
Exhaust manifold mock-up
Engine mock-up
Silencer mock-up
Exhaust pipe
Connection pipe
Walls, ceiling and floor
Plate thickness
1.5 – 2mm
1.5 – 2mm
8mm
2 – 3mm
2 – 3mm
2 – 3mm
2 – 3mm
1.5 – 3mm
1.2. Object Locations
1.2.1. All objects in the test apparatus are positioned according to coordinates (x, y, z) as shown in
Table 2. Origin is the position marked (O) in Figure 1. The value of the coordinates is the
distance in metres from the origin (see Figure 1), i.e. left-front-bottom corner.
Table 2
Coordinates of objects
Objects Coordinates [x; y; z]
Fan cylinder [-0.60; 0.40; 0.10]
Obstruction 1 [0.0; 0.26; 0.0]
Obstruction 2 [0.26; 0.05; 0.02]
Exhaust manifold mock-up [0.76; 0.05; 0.47]
Engine mock-up [0.87; 0.05; 0.04]
Obstruction 3 [1.44; 0.05; 0.02]
Obstruction 4 [0.82; 1.2; 0.0]
Silencer mock-up [2.0; 0.28; 0.23]

1.4. Apertures
1.4.1. In addition to the opening for the fan, the test apparatus includes six apertures. The
dimensions and positioning of the apertures are according to the coordinates in Table 3. The
positions are referenced from two diagonally opposite corners (all apertures are rectangular in
shape). The apertures are shown in Figure 4.
1.5. Fan
Table 3
Coordinates of apertures in the test apparatus
Aperture Coordinates [x; y; z] – [x; y; z] Area of aperture
A1 [0.03; 0.00; 1.08] – [1.18; 0.00; 1.13] 0.06m
A2 [1.22; 0.00; 1.08] – [2.37; 0.00; 1.13] 0.06m
B [2.40; 0.50; 0.70] – [2.40; 1.30; 0.90] 0.16m
C [0.85; 1.50; 0.03] – [1.24; 1,50; 0.36] 0.13m
D1 [2.00; 0.05; 0.00] – [2.35; 0.73; 0.00] 0.27m
D2 [2.00; 0.78; 0.00] – [2.35; 1.20; 0.00] 0.26m
Total area of aperture: 0.94m
1.5.1. An axial fan with a diameter of 710mm shall be mounted on the left side of the fan cylinder.
The diameter of the cylinder shall be equal to the diameter of the fan. The fan shall produce a
certain rate of air flow through the cylinder according to the test scenarios in Appendices 2
to 5. A frequency converter may be used to adjust the fan speed.
1.6. Mock-up Components
1.6.1. The dimensions of the engine mock-up are 1,000mm × 650mm × 500mm. The dimensions of
the silencer mock-up are diameter 400mm × 800mm. The exhaust manifold mock-up shall
have the inner dimensions of diameter 80mm × 900mm. The mock-up components shall be
hollow. The exhaust manifold mock-up shall be connected to the silencer mock-up through a
pipe with a diameter of 76mm. A pipe from the silencer mock-up shall also be used to carry
the exhaust gases from the pre-warming system out from the test apparatus.
1.7. Thermocouples
1.7.1. Seven thermocouples (Tc) shall be mounted on the exhaust manifold mock-up, drilled 2mm
into the tube from the outside. Thermocouples Tc1 to Tc4 shall be located on top of the
mock-up at the distances from the mock-up inlet according to Table 4. Thermocouples Tc5 to
Tc7 shall be located around the mock-up at the same distance from the inlet as Tc2. The
location of the thermocouples is illustrated in Figures 5 and 6.

1.8. Propane Burner
1.8.1. The propane burner used to pre-warm the exhaust system shall be chosen as to fulfil the
requirements on achieved temperatures specified in Paragraph 3.4.6.
1.9. Obstructions
1.9.1. Obstruction 1 has the dimensions of 900mm × 840mm × 230mm, as shown in Figure 7.
Obstructions 2 and 3 consist of horizontal and vertical obstruction tubes as shown in Figure 8.
The horizontal obstruction tubes are closed and hollow, with a diameter of 80mm and a length
of 480mm. The vertical tubes are hollow and open in the bottom, with a diameter of 80mm
and a length of 230mm. The open distance between every tube is 20mm. Obstruction 4 is a
box measuring 1,250mm × 300mm × 390mm as shown in Figure 9.
Figure 7
Obstruction 1

1.10. Pool Fire Trays
1.10.1. Detailed descriptions of these trays are given in Table 5. Three different types of pool fire
trays are applied in Table 6: square, rectangular and circular.
Table 5
Specification of Pool Fire Trays
Dimensions Rim height Nominal thickness Used for test fire No.
300mm × 300mm 70mm 1.5mm 1, 2
200mm × 300mm 70mm 2mm 3
Diameter 150mm 100mm 1.5mm 4
1.10.2. The square pool fire trays with fibreboards and the rectangular pool fire trays shall be
positioned in its orientation according to the test scenarios in Appendices 2 to 4. Figure 10
shows the dimensions for test fire No. 2. The test fire shall be positioned perpendicular to the
long edge of the test apparatus.
Figure 10
Distances for Test Fire No. 2

2.4. Test fire Nos. 5 and 6 consist of diesel oil spray fires while Test fire No. 7 consists of a
dripping oil fire (by hot surface ignition).
The spray nozzle for test fire No. 5 shall be a Lechler 460.368.30 or an equivalent. The spray
nozzle for test fire No. 6 shall be a Lechler 212.245.11 or an equivalent. The spray nozzle for
test fire No. 7 shall be a Danfoss 0.60X80H or an equivalent.
3. INSTALLATION OF THE FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
3.1. To obtain the minimum discharge rate condition, an extinguishing system is to be assembled
to its maximum dimensional capability with respect to the number of fittings and size and
length of pipe, if relevant. The cylinder is to be used with its rated capacity and the cylinder or
gas cartridge pressurized with propellant gas to the normal operating pressure, if relevant.
3.2. The fire suppression system shall be installed by the system manufacturer or supplier.
Figure 11 shows the area where extinguishing agent discharge points such as of nozzles,
extinguishing agent generators or extinguishing agent discharge tubes may be located. The
discharge points shall be positioned inside the test apparatus, at two different areas:
(a)
(b)
In the ceiling and at the rear wall. Discharge points positioned in the ceiling shall be
positioned at a minimum of 750mm above the floor level (z ≥ 0.75) and outside of
Obstruction 1. Nozzles positioned at the rear wall shall be positioned within 350mm
from the rear wall (y ≥ 1.15) and minimum 450mm from the floor level (z ≥ 0.45).
Figures 17 and 18 show the area where the nozzles may be located.
Inside the small box (referred to as Obstruction 4) in the rear side of the test apparatus.
Nozzles shall be located in the ceiling of the box with a minimum of 290mm from the
floor (z ≥ 0.29).

3.4.3. A fan is used in some of the test scenarios to obtain a specific air flow rate into the test
apparatus. The fan shall be engaged 30s before the suppression system is activated. The fan
shall remain active until the test is determined.
3.4.4. A diesel spray is used in some of the test scenarios. The diesel spray shall be activated 10s
prior to activation of the suppression system. The diesel spray shall remain active until the
result of the test is determined.
3.4.5. After the stipulated pre-burn time, the suppression system shall be manually or automatically
activated.
3.4.6. In the test for re-ignition, the exhaust manifold mock-up tube is pre-heated with a burner prior
to the test. Pressurized air may be added to the flame for better combustion. The tube shall
be heated from the inner side until the temperature of Tc2 is above 600°C and Tc1 is above
570°C and the temperatures of Tc5, Tc6 and Tc7 not are less than 520°C. When the
predefined temperatures are reached the pre-heating procedure stops. After 30s the engine
oil shall start dripping and the suppression system activated 15s later. The engine oil shall
ignite before activation of the suppression system. The oil shall continue to drip on to the tube
until the result of the test is determined.
4. TOLERANCES
4.1. A tolerance of ±5% of the stipulated values shall apply (for time values: ±5s).

Figure 1
Test Fire Positioning, View from the Front Side
Figure 2
Test Fire Positioning, View from the Rear Side

Figure 1
Test Fire Positioning, View from the Front Side
Figure 2
Test Fire Positioning, View from the Rear Side

Figure 1
Test fire Positioning, View from the Front Side

General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles.