Regulation No. 107-07

Name:Regulation No. 107-07
Description:General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Category M2 or M3 Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2016-10-28
Amendment Level:07 Series, Corrigendum 1, Revision 7
Number of Pages:177
Vehicle Types:Bus
Subject Categories:Electrical and Electronic, Miscellaneous, Occupant Protection, Masses and Dimensions
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev 2/Add.106/Rev.7/Corr.1
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
June 2, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 107-07
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
CATEGORY M OR M VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Incorporating:
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.08.10
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.12.10
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.11.12
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Corr. 1 to Revision 6
Dated: 08.12.14
Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16
07 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16
Corr. 1 to Revision 7
Dated: 02.06.17

Regulation No. 107-07
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF CATEGORY M OR M
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle or bodywork type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitively discontinued
10. Transitional provisions
11. Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
12. (Reserved)

Annex 8 – Accommodation and accessibility for passengers with reduced mobility.
Annex 9 – (Reserved)
Annex 10 – Type approval for a separate technical units and type approval of a vehicle fitted with a
bodywork already approved as a separate technical unit
Annex 11 – Masses and dimensions
Annex 12 – Additional safety prescriptions for trolleybuses
Annex 13 – Part 1 – Fire suppression system approved as a component
Part 2 – Fire suppression system installed in a specific engine compartment
Appendix 1 – Test apparatus, test fires and general test specifications
Appendix 2 – High-load fire
Appendix 3 – Low-load fire
Appendix 4 – High-load fire with fan
Appendix 5 – Re-ignition test

2.1.1.4. A vehicle may be regarded as belonging in more than one Class. In such a case it may be
approved for each Class to which it corresponds.
2.1.2. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers in addition to the driver, there
are two classes of vehicles:
2.1.2.1. "Class A" Vehicles designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has seats
and shall have provision for standing passengers.
2.1.2.2. "Class B" Vehicles not designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has
no provision for standing passengers.
2.1.3. "Articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid sections which
articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each section
intercommunicate so that passengers can move freely between them; the rigid sections are
permanently connected so that they can only be separated by an operation involving
facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.3.1. "Double-decker articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid
sections which articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each
section intercommunicate on at least one deck so that passengers can move freely between
them; the rigid sections are permanently connected so that they can only be separated by
an operation involving facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.4. "Low floor vehicle" is a vehicle of Class I, II or A in which at least 35% of the area
available for standing passengers (or in its forward section in the case of articulated
vehicles, or in its lower deck in the case of double-decker vehicles) forms an area without
steps and includes access to at least one service door.
2.1.5. "Bodywork" means a separate technical unit comprising all the special internal and
external equipment of the vehicle.
2.1.6. "Double deck vehicle" means a vehicle where the provided spaces for passengers are
arranged, at least in one part, in two superimposed levels and spaces for standing
passengers are not provided in the upper deck.
2.1.7. "Separate technical unit" means a device intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be
type approved separately, but only in relation to one or more specified types of vehicle.
2.1.8. "Trolleybus" means a vehicle, electrically driven by energy from external, overhead contact
wires. For the purposes of this Regulation, it also includes such vehicles having an
additional internal means of propulsion (dual mode vehicles) or having a means of
temporary external guidance (guided trolleybuses).
2.1.9. "Vehicle without roof" means a vehicle without roof over all or part of its deck. In the
case of a double-decked vehicle this shall be the upper deck. Space for standing
passengers shall not be provided on any deck without roof, independently of the class of
vehicle.
2.2. "Definition of Type(s)"

2.9. "Emergency window" means a window, not necessarily glazed, intended for use as an exit
by passengers in an emergency only.
2.10. "Double or multiple window" means an emergency window which, when divided into two
or more parts by imaginary vertical line(s) (or plane(s)), exhibits two or more parts
respectively, each of which complies as to dimensions and access with the requirements
applicable to a normal emergency window.
2.11. "Escape hatch" means an opening in the roof or the floor intended for use as an
emergency exit by passengers in an emergency only.
2.12. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.13. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase, half-staircase or emergency
exit.
2.14. "Floor or deck"
2.14.1. "Floor" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver and any crew member, and may
support the seat mountings;
2.14.2. "Deck" means that part of the floor provided only for the passengers.
2.15. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats or each special area for wheelchair users to any other seat or row of seats or each
special area for wheelchair users or to any access passage from or to any service door or
intercommunication staircase and any area for standing passengers; it does not include:
2.15.1. The space extending 300mm in front of any seat, except where a sideways-facing seat is
situated above a wheel arch, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm
(see Annex 4, Figure 25);
2.15.2. The space above the surface of any step or staircase (except where the surface of the step
is contiguous with that of a gangway or access passageway); or
2.15.3. Any space which affords access solely to one seat or row of seats or a facing pair of
transverse seats or row of seats.
2.16. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway), intercommunication
staircase or half-staircase. Where there is no step at the door, the space to be considered
as access passage shall be that which is measured according to Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.
up to a distance of 300mm from the starting position of the inner face of the test gauge.
2.17. "Driver’s compartment" means the space intended for driver’s exclusive use except in the
case of an emergency and containing the driver’s seat, the steering wheel, controls,
instruments and other devices necessary for driving or operating the vehicle.
2.18. "Mass of the vehicle in running order" means the mass of the unladen vehicle with
bodywork, and with coupling device in the case of a towing vehicle, in running order, or the
mass of the chassis with cab if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling
device (including coolant, oils, 90% fuel, 100% other liquids except used waters, tools,
spare wheel and driver (75kg), and, for buses and coaches, the mass of the crew member
(75kg) if there is a crew seat in the vehicle.

2.34. "Portable ramp" means a ramp that may be detached from the vehicle structure and
capable of being deployed by a driver or crew member.
2.35. "Demountable seat" means a seat that can be easily detached from the vehicle.
2.36. "Front" and "Rear" means the front or rear of the vehicle according to the normal direction
of travel and the terms; "forward", "foremost", "rearward" and "rearmost" etc. shall be
construed accordingly.
2.37. "Intercommunication staircase" means a staircase which allows communication between
the upper and lower decks.
2.38. "Separate compartment" means a space in the vehicle which may be occupied by
passengers or crew when the vehicle is in use and which is separated from any other
passenger or crew space, except where any partition allows passengers to see into the next
passenger space, and is connected by a gangway without doors.
2.39. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.
2.40. "Service-door lighting" means a lighting device(s) of the vehicle designed to illuminate the
exterior vicinity of service doors and wheels.
2.41. "Overnight locking system" means a system designed to provide the possibility to secure
the service and emergency doors of the vehicle against opening.
2.42. "Emergency lighting system" means a system that provides a minimum level of lighting
necessary to enable occupants to safely egress from the vehicle, including the emergency
exits.
2.43. "Safety sign" means a configuration of visual elements intended to convey a safety-related
message.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of:
a) A vehicle type, or
b) A separate technical unit type, or
c) A vehicle type fitted with bodywork type already approved as a separate technical
unit, or
d) A component type
With regard to its constructional features shall be submitted by the responsible manufacturer
or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. In the case of an application for approval of a vehicle made by assembling a chassis with
type approved bodywork, the term manufacturer refers to the assembler.

4.4. There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the
approval form, to every vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system conforming to a
vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system type approved under this Regulation, an
international approval mark consisting of:
4.4.1. A circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted approval
4.4.2 The number of this Regulation, followed by the Letter "R", a dash and the approval number,
to the right of the circle prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above; and
4.4.3. An additional symbol consisting of the Roman numerals for the Class(es) in which the
vehicle or bodywork has been approved. A bodywork approved separately shall additionally
bear the Letter S.
4.5. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations
annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation, the symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above need not be repeated; in such
a case, the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the
Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted
approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol
prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. above.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle or bodywork data plate affixed
by the manufacturer.
The approval mark shall be affixed to the main part of the fire suppression system. The
marking need not be visible when the system is installed in the vehicle.
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5. REQUIREMENTS
5.1. All vehicles shall comply with the provisions set out in Annex 3 to this Regulation. Bodywork
approved separately shall comply with Annex 10. The approval of a vehicle incorporating
bodywork approved in accordance with Annex 10 shall be completed in accordance with
Annex 3. Fire suppression systems approved separately shall comply with Annex 13, Part 1.
In the case of an approval of a vehicle with a fire suppression system installed in a specific
engine compartment, it shall comply with the requirements of Annex 13, Part 2.
5.2. Vehicles of Class I shall be accessible for people with reduced mobility, including at least
one wheelchair user and one pram or unfolded pushchair according to the technical
provisions laid down in Annex 8. In rigid vehicles of Class I the area for the accommodation
of a wheelchair may be combined with the area for the accommodation of an unfolded
pushchair or pram. In such a case, the area shall have signs fixed on or adjacent to the area
with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".

7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2), with the following requirements:
7.1. Vehicles, bodywork and fire suppression systems approved to this Regulation shall be so
manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in
Paragraph 5 above.
7.2. The Type Approval Authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the
conformity control methods applicable to each production facility. The normal frequency of
these verifications shall be once per two years.
8. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
8.1. The approval granted in respect of a vehicle, bodywork or fire suppression system type
pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirement laid down in Paragraph 5
above is not complied with.
8.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1, Part 2
to this Regulation.
9. PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of vehicle, bodywork
or fire suppression system under this Regulation, he shall so inform the Type Approval
Authority, which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that
Authority shall inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1, Part 2,
to this Regulation.
10. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
10.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 04 series of amendments.
10.2. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type to
be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by of the 04 series of
amendments.
10.3. As from 36 months after the entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant national/regional approvals and first
national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the
requirements of the 04 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.4. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval
to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation for vehicles which are not affected by the
04 series of amendments.

10.17. As from September 1, 2021, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not be
obliged to accept, for the purpose of national or regional type approval, a vehicle of Class I
or II type approved to the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.18. Notwithstanding Paragraphs 10.14. and 10.16., Contracting Parties applying this Regulation
shall continue to accept type approvals granted to the 06 series of amendments to vehicles
which are not affected by the 07 series of amendments.
11. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES
The Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to
the Secretariat of the United Nations the names and addresses of the Technical Services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant
approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of
approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
12. (RESERVED)

2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number and position of axles with double wheels: ...................................................................
2.3.2. Number and position of steered axles: .....................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : .....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward, or normal) : ............................................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................
2.8.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left hand traffic.
2.9. Specify if the motor vehicle is intended to tow trailers and if the trailer is a semi-, drawbar or
centre-axle trailer. ......................................................................................................................
3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall) .......................................................................................
3.2.1. For chassis with bodywork
3.2.1.1. Length : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : .....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspension adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.4. Front overhang : .....................................................................................................................
3.2.1.5. Rear overhang : ......................................................................................................................
3.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle at its technically permissible maximum laden
mass in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions. .....................................................

5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.2. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.3. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.4. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N) : .............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ..............................................................................................................
5.3.3. Lower deck (N ): ...............................................................................................................
5.4. Number of passengers (seated) : ...........................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A) : .............................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.5. Crew seat: yes/no ..................................................................................................................
5.6. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.7. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase): .....................................................................................................................
5.7.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.7.2. Upper deck: ............................................................................................................................
5.7.3. Lower deck: ............................................................................................................................

6.3.3.
Maximum hourly/continuous power (kW): .................................................................................
6.3.4.
Rated voltage (V): .....................................................................................................................
6.3.5.
Rated current (A): ......................................................................................................................
6.3.6.
Nominal frequency (Hz): ...........................................................................................................
6.3.7.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.4.
Power electronics
6.4.1.
Make an type of traction inverter: ..............................................................................................
6.4.2.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.3.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.4.4.
Make and type of 24V-battery charger: ....................................................................................
6.4.5.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.6.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.4.7.
Make and type of 3-phase AC supply: ......................................................................................
6.4.8.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.9.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.5.
Power supply for autonomous service:
6.5.1.
Storage system: ........................................................................................................................
6.5.2.
Battery/supercaps: ....................................................................................................................
6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................

ANNEX 1 – PART 1 – APPENDIX 2
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
Model information document relating to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval of bodywork
for Category M or M vehicles with regard to their general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle : .....................................................
1.3.1. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.2. Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.3.3. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of
the type approval mark. .............................................................................................................
1.5. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward control or bonneted) : ............................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................

5.4. Number of passenger seats: .................................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A): .............................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ..............................................................................................................
5.5. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.6. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase): .....................................................................................................................
5.6.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.6.2. Upper deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.6.3. Lower deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.7. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ..................................................................................
5.8. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ....................................................................
5.9. Technical devices facilitating the access to vehicles (e.g. ramp, lifting platform, kneeling
system), if fitted: .........................................................................................................................
5.10. Points of this Regulation to be accompanied and demonstrated for this separate technical
unit: ............................................................................................................................................
6. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
6.1. Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
6.1.1. Temperature: .............................................................................................................................
6.1.2. External humidity level: .............................................................................................................
6.1.3. Atmospheric pressure: ..............................................................................................................
6.1.4. Altitude: .....................................................................................................................................
6.2. Vehicle
6.2.1. Dimensions with locked poles: ..................................................................................................
6.2.2. Supply: ......................................................................................................................................

6.4.7.
Make and type of 3-phase AC supply: ......................................................................................
6.4.8.
Maximum continuous power: ....................................................................................................
6.4.9.
Cooling system: .........................................................................................................................
6.5.
Power supply for autonomous service:
6.5.1.
Storage system: ........................................................................................................................
6.5.2.
Battery/supercaps: ....................................................................................................................
6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................
6.5.12.
Characteristics of charge periods: ............................................................................................
6.5.13.
Motor-generator unit: .................................................................................................................
6.5.14.
Hourly/cont. power (kW): ..........................................................................................................
6.5.15.
Make and type of unit or of motor and generator: .....................................................................
6.5.16.
Fuel and fuel system: ................................................................................................................
6.5.17.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.6.
Current collector
6.6.1.
Make and type of current collector: ...........................................................................................
6.6.2.
Operation of current collector: ...................................................................................................

ANNEX 1 – PART 1 – APPENDIX 3
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
pursuant to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval of a
Category M or M vehicle where the bodywork has previously obtained the
type approval as a separate technical unit, with respect to its general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1.
GENERAL
1.1.
Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2.
Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.2.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.2.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.
Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle
: ......................................................
1.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.3.
Location of marking: ..................................................................................................................
1.3.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4.
Category of vehicle
: ...............................................................................................................
1.5.
Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6.
Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2.
GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1.
Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2.
Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................

4.
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
4.1.
Make and type of the fire suppression system: ........................................................................
4.2.
Type approval number of the fire suppression system, if applicable: .......................................
4.3.
Fire suppression system for a specific engine compartment, if applicable:
...........................
4.3.1.
Extinguishing agent (make and type): .......................................................................................
4.3.2.
Mass of extinguishing agent: ....................................................................................................
4.3.3.
Type of discharge point(s): .......................................................................................................
4.3.4.
Number of discharge point(s): ...................................................................................................
4.3.5.
Type of propellant gas, if applicable: ........................................................................................
5.
RESERVED
6.
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
6.1.
Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
6.1.1.
Temperature: .............................................................................................................................
6.1.2.
External humidity level: .............................................................................................................
6.1.3.
Atmospheric pressure: ..............................................................................................................
6.1.4.
Altitude: .....................................................................................................................................
6.2.
Vehicle
6.2.1.
Dimensions with locked poles: ..................................................................................................
6.2.2.
Supply: ......................................................................................................................................
6.2.3.
Rated voltage of overhead line (V): ..........................................................................................
6.2.4.
Rated line current of vehicle (A) including auxiliary drives, HVAC: ..........................................
6.2.5.
Performance: .............................................................................................................................
6.2.6.
Maximum velocity (km/h: normal service/autonomous service): ..............................................
6.2.7.
Maximum inclination (%: normal service/autonomous service): ...............................................
6.2.8.
Description of main power circuits: ...........................................................................................

6.5.3.
Make and type of storage system: ............................................................................................
6.5.4.
Weight (kg): ...............................................................................................................................
6.5.5.
Capacity (Ah): ...........................................................................................................................
6.5.6.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.5.7.
Make and type of control unit: ...................................................................................................
6.5.8.
Make and type of charger: ........................................................................................................
6.5.9.
Rated voltage (V) / minimum voltage (V), end of charge voltage (V): ......................................
6.5.10.
Rated current (A) / max. discharge current (A), max. charge current (A): ................................
6.5.11.
Diagram of operation, control and safety: .................................................................................
6.5.12.
Characteristics of charge periods: ............................................................................................
6.5.13.
Motor-generator unit: .................................................................................................................
6.5.14.
Hourly/cont. power (kW): ..........................................................................................................
6.5.15.
Make and type of unit or of motor and generator: .....................................................................
6.5.16.
Fuel and fuel system: ................................................................................................................
6.5.17.
Location in the vehicle: .............................................................................................................
6.6.
Current collector
6.6.1.
Make and type of current collector: ...........................................................................................
6.6.2.
Operation of current collector: ...................................................................................................

ANNEX 1 − PART 1 − APPENDIX 4
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
relation to Regulation No. 107 relating to type approval
of a fire suppression system as a component
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the components have electronic controls, information concerning their performance shall be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type and general commercial description: ...............................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
2. FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM
2.1. Extinguishing agent (make and type): .......................................................................................
2.2. Mass of extinguishing agent (required for a 4m engine compartment): ..................................
2.3. Type of discharge point(s) (e.g. type): ......................................................................................
2.4. Number of discharge point(s) (required for a 4m engine compartment) ..............................
2.5. Length of discharge tube (required for 4m engine compartment) ........................................
2.6. Type of propellant gas: ...........................................................................................................
2.7. Pressure of propellant gas: ....................................................................................................
2.8. Minimum operating temperature: ..............................................................................................
2.9. Dimensions of pipes and fittings: ..............................................................................................
2.10. Detailed description, layout drawings and installation manual of the fire suppression system
and its components: ..................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ...............................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
Addendum to Type Approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type approval of a Vehicle with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1. Additional information
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor)
1.3. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.4. Length (overall): ........................................................................................................................ mm
1.5. Width (overall): .......................................................................................................................... mm
1.6. Height (overall): ......................................................................................................................... mm
1.7. Number of passengers (seated and standing): ...............................................................................
1.7.1. Total (N) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.7.2. Upper deck (N )
1.7.3. Lower deck (N )

ANNEX 1 – PART 2 – APPENDIX 2
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle : .................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type approval mark: .........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

1.5.
Volume of baggage compartments (m ):......................................................................................
1.6.
Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ):........................................................................
1.7.
Technical devices facilitating access to vehicles (ramp, lifting platform, kneeling-system): ........
1.8.
Trolleybuses
1.8.1.
Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
1.8.1.1.
Temperature: ...............................................................................................................................
1.8.1.2.
External humidity level: ................................................................................................................
1.8.1.3.
Atmospheric pressure: .................................................................................................................
1.8.1.4.
Altitude: ........................................................................................................................................
2.
Remarks: ......................................................................................................................................
3.
Points accomplished and demonstrated for this separate technical unit: ....................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests: ................................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to Type approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type approval for a Vehicle Type Fitted with a
Bodywork already Approved as a Separate Technical Unit
with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.3. Position of centre of gravity of the laden vehicle in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical
directions: ........................................................................................................................................
1.4. Trolleybuses
1.4.1. Special environmental conditions for reliable operation:
1.4.1.1. Temperature: ..................................................................................................................................
1.4.1.2. External humidity level: ..................................................................................................................
1.4.1.3. Atmospheric pressure: ...................................................................................................................
1.4.1.4. Altitude: ..........................................................................................................................................
2. Remarks: .........................................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): See addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ..............................................................
3. Date of test report: .........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: ....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): See Addendum
6. Place: .............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ...............................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: .......................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to type approval certificate No. .......
concerning the type approval of a fire suppression system
as a component with regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Extinguishing agent (make and type): ............................................................................................
1.2. Mass of extinguishing agent (required for a 4m engine compartment): .......................................
1.3. Type of discharge point(s) (e.g. type of nozzles):
1.4. Number of discharge point(s) (required for a 4m engine compartment): ..................................
1.5. Length of discharge tube (required for a 4m engine compartment), if applicable: ...................
1.6. Type of propellant gas, if applicable: ...........................................................................................
1.7.
Pressure of propellant gas (needed in a 4m engine compartment),
in the case of systems
under pressure:
1.8. Minimum operating temperature: ...................................................................................................
1.9. Dimensions of pipes and fittings, if applicable: ..............................................................................

Model C
(See Paragraph 4.4.3. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle bodywork shows that the bodywork type concerned has,
with regard to its constructional features, been approved separately in the Netherlands (E4) for Class III
as a separate bodywork (Letter S), pursuant to Regulation No. 107 under the approval number 062439.
The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the requirements of
Regulation No. 107 as amended by the 06 series of amendments.
Model D
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a fire suppression system shows that the fire suppression system
type has been approved in the Netherlands (E 4) as a component, pursuant to Regulation No. 107 under
approval number 072439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the
requirements of Regulation No. 107 as amended by the 07 series of amendments.

7.2.2.2.3. The area of all parts where the clear height above the floor is less than the gangway
height specified in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. of this Annex (handholds shall not be taken into
account in this connection);
7.2.2.2.4. The area forward of a transverse vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating
surface of the driver's seat (in its rearmost position).
7.2.2.2.5. The area 300mm in front of all seats other than folding seats, except in the case of a
sideways-facing seat, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm. In the
case of variable seating arrangements, of any seat when considered to be in use, see
Paragraph 7.2.2.4. above.
7.2.2.2.6. Any surface not being excluded by the provisions in Paragraphs 7.2.2.2.1 to 7.2.2.2.5
above, on which it is not possible to place a rectangle of 400mm × 300mm;
7.2.2.2.7. In vehicles of Class II, the area in which standing is not allowed.
7.2.2.2.8. In double deck vehicles, any area of the upper deck.
7.2.2.2.9. The surface of the wheelchair space(s) when considered occupied by a wheelchair
user(s), see Paragraph 7.2.2.4. above.
7.2.2.2.10. The surface of any wheelchair space(s) dedicated solely for the use of wheelchair
user(s).
7.2.2.3. There shall be on the vehicle a number (P) of seating places, other than folding seats,
which conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8. below. If the vehicle is of Class I,
II or A the number of seating places on each deck shall be at least equal to the number
of square metres of floor on that deck available for passengers and crew (if any) rounded
down to the nearest whole number; this number may, in vehicles of Class I, excluding
the upper deck, be reduced by 10%.
7.2.2.4. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity the area available for
standing passengers (S ) and the provisions of Paragraph 3.3.1 of Annex 11 shall be
determined for each of the following conditions as applicable;
7.2.2.4.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.2. With all possible standing areas occupied followed by the remaining seats available for
seated passengers and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.
7.2.3. Marking of Vehicles
7.2.3.1. Space shall be provided in the driver's area, in a position clearly visible to the driver in
his seating position, for the markings provided for in Paragraph 3.3 of Annex 11.
7.2.3.1.1. The maximum number of seating places the vehicle is designed to carry;
7.2.3.1.2. The maximum number of standing places, if any, the vehicle is designed to carry;

7.4.3. The height of any step used to prevent a wheel of the vehicle from slipping sideways on
a tilt test rig shall not be greater than two-thirds of the distance between the surface upon
which the vehicle stands before it is tilted and that part of the rim of that wheel which is
nearest to the surface when the vehicle is loaded in accordance with Paragraph 7.4.2.
above.
7.4.4. During the test, parts of the vehicle which are not intended to come into contact in
normal use shall not do so, nor shall any part become damaged or deranged.
7.4.5. Alternatively, a calculation method can be used to show that the vehicle will not overturn
under the conditions described in Paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.2. above. Such a calculation
shall take into account the following parameters:
7.4.5.1. Masses and dimensions;
7.4.5.2. Height of centre of gravity;
7.4.5.3. Spring rates;
7.4.5.4. Vertical and horizontal tyre rates;
7.4.5.5. Characteristics of the control of air pressure in the air springs;
7.4.5.6. Position of the centre of moments;
7.4.5.7. Torsion resistance of the body.
The method of calculation is described in the Appendix to this Annex.
7.5. Protection against Fire Risks
7.5.1. Engine Compartment
7.5.1.1. No flammable sound-proofing material or material liable to become impregnated with
fuel, lubricant or other combustible material shall be used in the engine compartment
unless the material is covered by an impermeable sheet.
7.5.1.2. Precautions shall be taken, either by a suitable layout of the engine compartment or by
the provision of drainage orifices, to avoid, so far as possible, the accumulation of fuel,
lubricating oil or any other combustible material in any part of the engine compartment.
7.5.1.3. A partition of heat-resisting material shall be fitted between the engine compartment or
any other source of heat (such as a device designed to absorb the energy liberated
when a vehicle is descending a long gradient, e.g. a retarder, or a device for heating the
interior of the body other, however, than a device functioning by warm water circulation)
and the rest of the vehicle. All fixings, clips, gaskets, etc., used in conjunction with the
partition shall be fire resistant.
7.5.1.4. A heating device operating other than by hot water may be provided in the passenger
compartment if it is encased in material designed to resist the temperatures generated
by the device, emits no toxic fumes and is positioned such that no passenger is likely to
come into contact with any hot surface.

7.5.1.5.4.2. An analysis shall be conducted prior to the installation in order to determine the location
and direction of the suppression agent discharge point(s) (e.g. nozzles, extinguishing
agent generators or extinguishing agent discharge tube or other distribution points).
Potential fire hazards within the engine compartment and each compartment where a
combustion heater is located, shall be identified and the discharge point(s) located such
that the suppression agent will be distributed to cover the fire hazard when the system
activates. The spray pattern and direction of discharge points, as well as the discharge
distance, shall be ensured to cover identified fire hazards. The system shall also be
ensured to work properly regardless of the vehicle’s attitude.
The fire hazard analysis shall, as a minimum, take into account the following
components:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Those whose surface may reach temperatures above the auto-ignition
temperature for fluids, gases or substances that are present within the
compartment;
Electrical components and cables with a current or voltage high enough for an
ignition to occur;
Hoses and containers with flammable liquid or gas (in particular if those are
pressurized).
The analysis shall be fully documented.
7.5.1.5.4.3. The suppression system shall be scaled from the tested system, based on the total gross
volume of the engine and combustion heater compartments where the system is to be
installed. When measuring the engine compartment and the combustion heater
compartments, the gross volume of these compartments shall be measured, i.e. the
volume of the engine and its components shall not be subtracted.
The scaling of the system includes the mass of the suppression agent, all discharge
points and the mass of the propellant gas container, if applicable. The system pressure
shall remain the same as in the tested system. If the system includes a discharge tube
for the extinguishing agent, the length of the tube shall be scaled without nozzles. It is
acceptable if the suppression system has more extinguishing agent and/or more
discharge points and/or a longer discharge tube for the extinguishing agent and/or more
propellant gas than required according to the scaling models found below.
If the gross volume of the engine and combustion heater compartments exceed 4m , the
suppression system shall be scaled up using the following scaling factor calculated in
(1) below. If the gross volume is less than 4m , it is allowed to scale down the
suppression system using the scaling factor (2) below. S S denotes the scaling factor
and x denotes the total gross volume including the engine and combustion heater
compartments [m ].
S = 0.1 · x + 0.6 (1)
S = 0.15 · x + 0.4 (2)
The scaled number of nozzles or other discharge points, if the suppression system has
more than one discharge point may be rounded to the closest whole number.

7.5.4.2. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more first-aid kits. The space provided
shall be not less than 7dm , the minimum dimension shall not be less than 80mm.
7.5.4.3. Fire extinguishers and first-aid kits may be secured against theft or vandalism (e.g. in an
internal locker or behind breakable glass), provided that the locations of these items are
clearly marked and means are provided for persons to extract them easily in an
emergency.
7.5.5. Materials
7.5.6. Fire Detection
No flammable material shall be permitted within 100mm of the exhaust system
component, any high voltage electrical equipment or any other significant source of heat
unless the material is effectively shielded. Where necessary, shielding shall be provided
to prevent grease or other flammable materials coming into contact with exhaust system
or other significant heat sources. For the purposes of this Paragraph, a flammable
material is considered to be one which is not designed to withstand the temperatures
likely to be encountered in that location.
7.5.6.1. Vehicles shall be equipped with an alarm system detecting either an excess temperature
or smoke in toilet compartments, driver's sleeping compartments and other separate
compartments.
7.5.6.2. Upon detection, the system given in Paragraph 7.5.6.1. shall provide the driver with both
an acoustic and a visual signal in the driver's compartment and shall activate the hazard
warning signal.
7.5.6.3. The alarm system shall be at least operational whenever the engine start device is
operated, until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the
vehicle's attitude.
7.6. Exits
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two, either two service doors or one
service door and one emergency door. Every double-deck vehicle shall have two doors
on the lower deck (see also Paragraph 7.6.2.3. below). The minimum number of service
doors required is as follows:
Number of passengers
Number of service doors
CLASS I & A CLASS II CLASS III & B
9 − 45 1 1 1
46 − 70 2 1 1
71 − 100
3
(2 in the case of a
double-deck vehicle)
2
1
>100 4 3 1

7.6.1.7. If the driver's compartment does not provide access to a passenger compartment by
means of a passageway that permits:
(a)
(b)
The front edge of the cylindrical gauge referred to in Annex 4, Figure 6 to reach
at least the transverse vertical plane tangential to the foremost point of the
driver's seat back in its rearmost longitudinal position, and
From this plane, to move the panel shown in Annex 4, Figure 7 forwards from
the contact position, with the cylindrical gauge until it reaches at least the
vertical plane tangential to the foremost point of the driver's seat cushion,
then the requirements of the following Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. to 7.6.1.7.5. below shall be
met:
7.6.1.7.1. The driver's compartment shall have two exits, which shall not both be in the same
lateral wall. When one of the exits is a window, this window it shall have a minimum area
of 400,000mm , it shall be possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring
500mm x 700mm and it shall comply with the requirements set out in Paragraph 7.6.8.
below for emergency windows.
7.6.1.7.2. One or two seats are permitted alongside the driver for additional people, in which case
both of the exits referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.1. above shall be doors.
The driver's door shall be accepted as the emergency door for the occupants of those
seats, provided that it is possible to move a test gauge from the occupants' seats to the
exterior of the vehicle through the driver's door (see Annex 4, Figure 27).
Verification of the access to the driver's door shall be subject to the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.3.2. below, by using the test gauge having a dimension of 600 × 400mm,
as described in Paragraph 7.7.3.3. below.
The service door shall be in the side of the vehicle opposite to that containing the driver's
door and shall be accepted as the emergency door for the driver.
7.6.1.7.3. Paragraphs 7.6.3. to 7.6.7., 7.7.1., 7.7.2. and 7.7.7. of this annex shall not apply to the
exits provided for the driver's compartment as referred to in paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. and
7.6.1.7.2. above.
7.6.1.7.4. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1. and 7.6.1.7.2. above, the exits
provided in the driver's compartment, and for the occupants of any seats alongside the
driver shall not count as one of the doors required by Paragraphs 7.6.1.1. to 7.6.1.2.
above, nor as one of the emergency exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4. of this annex
for any other passenger compartment.
7.6.1.7.5. Up to five additional seats may be fitted in a compartment incorporating the driver's
compartment and any seats alongside the driver, provided that the additional seats and
the space for these seats comply with all requirements of this Regulation and at least
one of the emergency exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4. above is a door giving access
to the passenger compartment complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.3.1.2.
of this Annex for emergency doors.

7.6.1.14. All persons accommodated in the lower deck of a double deck vehicle shall in an
emergency situation, have access to the exterior of the vehicle without having to enter
the upper deck.
7.6.1.15. The upper deck gangway of a double deck vehicle shall be connected by one or more
intercommunication staircases to the access passageway of a service door or to the
lower deck gangway within 3m of a service door:
7.6.1.15.1. At least one and one-half staircases shall be provided in the case of vehicles of Class I if
more than 50 passengers are carried on the upper deck;
7.6.1.15.2. At least one and one-half staircases shall be provided in the case of vehicles of Class II
and Class III if more than 30 passengers are carried on the upper deck.
7.6.1.16. In the case of a vehicle without a roof, the exits on the deck without a roof shall be such
as to fulfil those prescriptions that are not incompatible with the absence of the roof.
7.6.1.17. In the case of vehicles of Class A or B, if there is a door opposite the driver's door it may
count as one of the required exits for passengers provided:
7.6.1.17.1. There is not more than one passenger's seat beside the driver's compartment, and
7.6.1.17.2. It complies with the provisions of Paragraph 7.6.1.9. above.
7.6.2. Positioning of Exits
7.6.2.1. Vehicles of Classes I, II and III shall meet the requirements shown below.
7.6.2.1.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of traffic for which the vehicle is designed and
as declared by the manufacturer in the communication form of Annex 1, Part I,
Appendix 1, Paragraph 2.8., to this Regulation. At least one of them shall be in the
forward half of the vehicle. This shall not preclude:
7.6.2.1.1.1. The provision of a specially designed door in the rear or side faces of a vehicle for use in
place of a service door by wheelchair passengers, or
7.6.2.1.1.2. The provision of an additional door in the rear face of a vehicle principally for
loading/unloading of goods or luggage, but which may be used by passengers where
circumstances so require, or
7.6.2.1.1.3. The provision of one or more additional service doors on the opposite side of the
vehicles in the case of vehicles designed for use in circumstances which require
boarding/alighting of passengers on both sides of the vehicle. Vehicles so equipped shall
be provided with control(s) which allow the driver to inhibit normal operation of the doors
that are not currently in use.
7.6.2.2. Vehicles of Classes A and B shall meet the following requirements:
7.6.2.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of the traffic for which the vehicle is designed
and as declared by the manufacturer in the communication form of Annex 1, Part I,
Appendix 1, Paragraph 2.8., to this Regulation.

7.6.2.8. Required escape hatches shall be positioned as follows:
(a)
(b)
If there is only one hatch, it shall be situated in the middle third of the passenger
compartment; or
If there are two hatches, they shall be separated by a distance of at least 2m
measured between the nearest edges of the apertures in a line parallel to the
longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
7.6.3. Minimum Dimensions of Exits
7.6.3.1. Vehicles of Class I, II or III shall meet the following requirements:
7.6.3.1.1. Service doors shall have an aperture creating an access in accordance with the
requirements shown in Paragraph 7.7.1 of this Annex.
7.6.3.1.2. Emergency doors shall have an aperture with a minimum height of 1,450mm and a
minimum width of 600mm.
7.6.3.1.3. Emergency windows shall have a minimum area of 400,000mm . It shall be possible to
inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring 500mm × 700mm.
7.6.3.1.4. In the case of an emergency window situated in the rear face of the vehicle, either it shall
meet the requirements shown in Paragraph 7.6.3.1.3. above, or it shall be possible to
inscribe in the aperture of this emergency window a rectangle 350mm high and 1,550mm
wide, the corners of which may be rounded to a radius of curvature not exceeding
250mm.
7.6.3.1.5. Escape hatches shall have an aperture with a minimum area of 450,000mm . It shall be
possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle measuring 600 × 700mm.
7.6.3.2. Vehicles of Class A or B may meet either the requirements shown in Paragraph 7.6.3.1.
above (Class A meeting Class I requirements and Class B meeting Class II and III
requirements) or those contained in Annex 7, Paragraph 1.1.
7.6.4. Technical Requirements for All Service Doors
7.6.4.1. Every service door shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
the vehicle when the vehicle is stationary (but not necessarily when the vehicle is
moving). However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the possibility
of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can always be opened from
the inside.
7.6.4.2. Every control or device for opening a door from the outside shall be between 1,000mm
and 1,500mm from the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of
Class I, II and III every control or device for opening a door from the inside shall be
between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest the
control and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls
located within the driver's area.
7.6.4.3. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted that if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while
the vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.

7.6.4.11.1. The locking system shall have been automatically deactivated when the ignition is in the
"ON" position, or
7.6.4.11.2. A warning shall be provided to the driver indicating that the overnight locking system
remains in operation at one or more door(s) when the ignition is in the "ON" position.
One signal may be used for more than one door.
7.6.5. Additional Technical Requirements for Power-operated Service Doors
7.6.5.1. In the event of an emergency, every power-operated service door shall be capable,
when the vehicle is stationary or driving at a speed less than or equal to 3km/h, of being
opened from inside and, when not locked, from outside by controls which, whether or not
the power supply is operating:
7.6.5.1.1. Override all other door controls;
7.6.5.1.2. In the case of interior controls, are placed on, or within 300mm of, the door, at a height
(except in the case of interior controls for the door referred to in Annex 8,
Paragraph 3.9.1) of not less than 1,000mm above the first step;
7.6.5.1.3. Can be easily seen and clearly identified when approaching the door and when standing
in front of the door and, if additional to the normal opening controls, be clearly marked for
emergency use;
7.6.5.1.4. Can be operated by one person when standing immediately in front of the door;
7.6.5.1.5. May activate a starting prevention device;
7.6.5.1.6. Cause the door to open to a width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.1.1. below
can pass through within 8s after the operation of the control, or enable the door to be
easily opened by hand to a width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.1.1. below
can pass through within 8s after the operation of the control;
7.6.5.1.7. May be protected by a device which can be easily removed or broken to gain access to
the emergency control; the operation of the emergency control, or the removal of a
protective cover over the control, shall be indicated to the driver both audibly and
visually, and
7.6.5.1.8. In the case of a driver-operated door which does not comply with the requirements of
Paragraph 7.6.5.6.2. below, shall be such that after they have been operated to open the
door and returned to their normal position, the door will not close again until the driver
subsequently operates a closing control.
7.6.5.1.9. In the case of interior controls, shall be deactivated if the vehicle moves at a speed
higher than 3km/h. This requirement may be applied to exterior controls..
7.6.5.2. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from the driving seat to
deactivate the outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from
outside. In this case, the outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically
either by the starting of the engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20km/h.
Subsequently, deactivation of the outside emergency controls shall not occur
automatically, but shall require a further action by the driver.

7.6.5.7. Where a power-operated service door is held closed only by the continued application of
the power supply there shall be provided a visual warning device to inform the driver of
any failure in the power supply to the doors.
7.6.5.8. A starting prevention device, if fitted, shall be effective only at speeds of less than 5km/h
and shall be incapable of operation above that speed.
7.6.5.9. If the vehicle is not fitted with a starting prevention device, an audible warning to the
driver shall be activated if the vehicle is driven away from rest when any power-operated
service door is not fully closed. This audible warning shall be activated at a speed
exceeding 5km/h for doors complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.2.3.
above.
7.6.6. Additional Technical Requirements for Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.1. Activation of the Opening Controls
7.6.6.1.1. Except as provided in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above, the opening controls of every
automatically-operated service door shall be capable of being activated and deactivated
only by the driver from his seat.
7.6.6.1.2. Activation and deactivation may be either direct, by means of a switch, or indirect, for
example by opening and closing the front service door.
7.6.6.1.3. Activation of the opening controls by the driver shall be indicated inside and, where a
door is to be opened from outside, also on the outside of the vehicle; the indicator
(e.g. illuminated push-button, illuminated sign) shall be on or adjacent to the door to
which it relates.
7.6.6.1.4. In the case of direct actuation by means of a switch the functional state of the system
shall be clearly indicated to the driver, by, for example, the position of the switch or an
indicator lamp or an illuminated switch. The switch shall be specially marked and
arranged in such a way that it cannot be confused with other controls.
7.6.6.2. Opening of Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.2.1. After activation of the opening controls by the driver it shall be possible for passengers to
open the door as follows:
7.6.6.2.1.1. From inside, for example by pressing a push-button or passing a light barrier, and
7.6.6.2.1.2. From outside, except in the case of a door intended only as an exit and marked as such,
by, for example, pressing an illuminated push-button, a push-button beneath an
illuminated sign, or a similar device marked with a suitable instruction.
7.6.6.2.2. The pressing of the push-buttons mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.6.2.1.1. above, and the
use of the means of communication with the driver mentioned in Paragraph 7.7.9.1.
below, may send a signal which is stored and which, after the activation of the opening
controls by the driver, effects the opening of the door.

7.6.7.2. Emergency doors, during their use as such, shall not be of the power-operated type
unless, once either a service door control prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above, or a
control for a dedicated emergency door complying with the provisions of
Paragraph 7.6.5.1. has been actuated and returned to its normal position, the doors do
not close again until the driver subsequently operates a closing control. Activation of one
of the controls prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1. above shall cause the door to open to a
width that the gauge as defined in Paragraph 7.7.2.1. below can pass through within a
maximum of 8s after the operation of the control, or enable the door to be easily opened
by hand to a width that the gauge can pass through within a maximum of 8s after the
operation of the control. In addition emergency doors shall not be of the sliding type
except in the case of vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers. For these
vehicles a sliding door, which has been shown to be capable of being opened without the
use of tools after a frontal barrier collision test in accordance with Regulation No. 33, can
be accepted as an emergency door.
7.6.7.3. Every control or device for opening an emergency door (on the lower deck in the case of
a double deck vehicle) from the outside shall be between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from
the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of Classes I, II and III
every control or device for opening an emergency door from the inside shall be between
1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest to the control
and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls located
within the driver's area.
Alternatively, the control referred to in Paragraph 7.6.7.2. above for opening a poweroperated
door may be placed according to Paragraph 7.6.5.1.2. above.
7.6.7.4. Hinged emergency doors fitted to the side of the vehicle shall be hinged at their forward
edge and shall open outwards. Check strap, chains or other restraining devices shall be
permitted, provided that they do not prevent the door from opening to, and remaining
open at, an angle of at least 100°. If a means is provided sufficient to give free passage
to the emergency door access gauge, the 100° minimum angle requirement shall not
apply.
7.6.7.5. Emergency doors shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this
requirement shall not apply if the emergency door is locked automatically when the
vehicle is moving at a speed exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.7.6. All emergency doors shall be provided with an audible device to warn the driver when
they are not securely closed. The warning device shall be operated by movement of the
door catch or handle and not by movement of the door itself.
7.6.7.7. If an overnight locking system is provided, the following shall apply:
7.6.7.7.1. The locking system shall have been automatically deactivated when the ignition is in the
"ON" position, or
7.6.7.7.2. A warning shall be provided to the driver indicating that the overnight locking system
remains in operation at one or more door(s) when the ignition is in the "ON" position.
One signal may be used for more than one door.

7.6.9.2. Roof escape hatches shall be ejectable, hinged or made of readily-breakable safety
glass. Floor hatches shall be either hinged or ejectable and shall be fitted with an audible
warning device to warn the driver when it is not securely closed. The floor escape hatch
lock, and not the movement of the hatch itself, shall actuate this device. Floor escape
hatches shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However this requirement shall
not apply if the floor hatch is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.9.3. Ejectable types shall not become totally detached from the vehicle when operated such
that the hatch is not a danger to other road users. The operation of ejectable escape
hatches shall be such that inadvertent operation is effectively prevented. Floor ejectable
hatches shall eject only into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.4. Hinged escape hatches shall hinge along the edge towards the front or rear of the
vehicle and shall hinge through an angle of at least 100°. Hinged floor escape hatches
shall hinge into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.5. Escape hatches shall be capable of being easily opened or removed from the inside and
from the outside. However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the
possibility of locking the escape hatch for the purpose of securing the vehicle when
unattended, provided that the escape hatch can always be opened or removed from the
inside by the use of the normal opening or removal mechanism. In the case of a
readily-breakable hatch, a device shall be provided adjacent to the hatch, readily
available to persons inside the vehicle, to ensure that the hatch can be broken.
7.6.10. Technical Requirements for Retractable Steps
Retractable steps, if fitted shall comply with the following requirements:
7.6.10.1. The operation of retractable steps may be synchronised with that of the corresponding
service or emergency door;
7.6.10.2. When the door is closed no part of the retractable step shall project more than 10mm
beyond the adjacent line of the body work;
7.6.10.3. When the door is open and the retractable step is in the extended position, the surface
area shall conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.7 of this Annex;
7.6.10.4. In the case of a power-operated step, it shall not be possible for the vehicle to move from
rest, under its own power, when the step is in the extended position. In the case of a
manually operated step, an audible indication shall alert the driver when the step is not
fully retracted.
7.6.10.5. A power-operated step shall not be capable of being extended when the vehicle is in
motion. If the device to operate the step fails, the step shall retract and remain in the
retracted position. However, the operation of the corresponding door shall not be
hindered in the event of such a failure or by the step being damaged or obstructed.
7.6.10.6. When a passenger is standing on a power-operated retractable step, the corresponding
door shall be incapable of being closed. Compliance with this requirement shall be
checked by placing a mass of 15kg, representing a small child, at the centre of the step.
This requirement shall not apply to any door within the driver's direct field of view.
7.6.10.7. (Reserved).

7.6.11.2.2. Pictograms indicating required actions by the user shall show a person, or the relevant
part of a person, operating the equipment or device.
7.6.11.2.3. Pictograms indicating a required movement shall, where appropriate, show an arrow
pointing in the direction of motion. Where a rotational movement is required, a curved
arrow shall be used.
7.6.11.2.4. Where devices are to be operated, panels removed or doors opened, the pictogram shall
indicate the action in progress.
7.6.11.2.5. The lower case letter(s) of supplementary words, single letters and numbers shall have a
minimum height of 8mm. Words shall not be in upper case letters only.
7.6.11.3. All safety signs that are visible from the inside of the vehicle shall be of photoluminescent
material having luminance decay characteristics conforming, as a minimum,
to sub-classification C in Table 2 of ISO Standard 17398:2004, when measured in
accordance with Paragraph 7.11. of that standard.
7.6.11.4. Safety signs shall not be located in positions where they may be obscured during
operation of the vehicle. However, a curtain or blind may be positioned over an
emergency window provided an additional safety sign indicates that the emergency
window is located behind the curtain or blind.
7.6.11.5. Each emergency exit, and any other exit that meets the prescriptions for an emergency
exit, shall be marked by one of the relevant pictograms described in Table 3 of ISO
Standard 7010:2011; pictograms shall be legible from both the inside and the outside of
the vehicle.
7.6.11.6. Safety signs shall be positioned adjacent to, or surround, or be on, all internal and
external emergency controls and device(s) for breaking emergency window(s).
7.6.11.7. No part of a safety sign shall obscure any misuse protection that may be present, e.g. a
cover.

7.7.1.2. (Reserved).
7.7.1.3. When the centreline of this test gauge has traversed a distance of 300mm from its
starting position and the test gauge is touching the surface of the step or floor, it shall be
retained in that position.
7.7.1.4. The cylindrical figure (see Annex 4, Figure 6) used for testing the gangway clearance
shall then be moved starting from the gangway, in the probable direction of motion of a
person leaving the vehicle, until its centreline has reached the vertical plane which
contains the top edge of the uppermost step, or until a plane tangential to the upper
cylinder touches the dual panel, whichever occurs first, and retained in that position (see
Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.5. Between the cylindrical figure, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.4, and the dual
panel, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.3. above, there shall be a free space
whose upper and lower limits are shown in Annex 4, Figure 2. This free space shall
permit the free passage of a vertical panel whose form and dimensions are the same as
the cylindrical form (Paragraph 7.7.5.1. below), central section and a thickness of no
more than 20mm. This panel shall be moved, from the cylindrical form tangential
position, until its external side is in contact with the dual panel interior side, touching the
plane or planes defined by the step upper edges, in the probable direction of motion of a
person using the entrance (see Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.6. The free passage clearance for this figure shall not include any space extending to
300mm in front of any uncompressed seat cushion of a forward or rearward facing seat,
or 225mm in the case of sideways-facing seats, and to the height of the top of the seat
cushion (see Annex 4, Figure 25).
7.7.1.7. In the case of folding seats, this space shall be determined with the seat in the position
of use.
7.7.1.8. However, one or more folding seat(s) for use by the crew may obstruct the access
passage to a service door when in the position of use provided that:
7.7.1.8.1. It is clearly indicated, both in the vehicle itself and on the communication form
(see Annex 1), that the seat is for the use of crew only.
7.7.1.8.2. When the seat is not in use it folds automatically as necessary to enable the
requirements of Paragraphs 7.7.1.1 or 7.7.1.2 and 7.7.1.3, 7.7.1.4 and 7.7.1.5 of this
Annex to be met;
7.7.1.8.3. The door is not considered to be a mandatory exit for the purpose of Paragraph 7.6.1.4.
of this Annex;

7.7.2.2. The base of the first cylinder shall be within the projection of the second cylinder.
7.7.2.3. Where folding seats are installed alongside this passage, the free space for the cylinder
shall be required to be determined when the seat is in the position for use.
7.7.2.4. As an alternative to the dual cylinder, the gauging device described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1.
below may be used (see Annex 4, Figure 6).
7.7.3. Access to Emergency Windows
7.7.3.1. It shall be possible to move a test gauge from the gangway to the exterior of the vehicle
through every emergency window.
7.7.3.2. The direction of motion of the test gauge shall be in the direction in which a passenger
evacuating the vehicle would be expected to move. The test gauge shall be kept
perpendicular to that direction of motion.
7.7.3.3. The test gauge shall be in the form of a thin plate having a size of 600mm × 400mm with
corners radiused by 200mm. However, in the case of an emergency window in the rear
face of the vehicle, the test gauge may alternatively have a size of 1,400mm × 350mm
with corners radiused by 175mm.
7.7.4. Access to Escape Hatches
7.7.4.1. Escape Hatches in the Roof
7.7.4.1.1. Except in the case of Class I and A vehicles, at least one escape hatch shall be located
such that a four-sided truncated pyramid having a side angle of 20° and a height of
1,600mm touches part of a seat or equivalent support. The axis of the pyramid shall be
vertical and its smaller section shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch.
Supports may be foldable or moveable provided they can be locked in their position of
use. This position shall be taken for verification.
7.7.4.1.2. When the structural thickness of the roof is more than 150mm, the smaller section of the
pyramid shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch at the level of the outside
surface of the roof.
7.7.4.2. Escape Hatches in the Floor
In the case of an escape hatch fitted in the floor, the hatch shall give direct and free
access to the exterior of the vehicle and be fitted where there is a clear space above the
hatch equivalent to the height of the gangway. Any heat source or moving components
shall be at least 500mm from any part of the hatch aperture.
It shall be possible to move a test gauge in the form of a thin plate having dimensions
600mm × 400mm with corners radiused by 200mm in a horizontal position from a height
above the floor of the vehicle of 1m to the ground.

7.7.5.5. Steps may be fitted in the gangways. The width of such steps shall not be less than the
width of the gangway at the top of the steps.
7.7.5.6. Folding seats allowing passengers to sit in the gangway shall not be permitted. Folding
seats shall, however, be permitted in other areas of the vehicle so long as they do not
obstruct the passage down the gangway of the gangway test gauge when in the open
(seating) position.
7.7.5.7. Laterally-sliding seats which in one position encroach on the gangway shall not be
permitted except on vehicles of Class III and subject to the conditions prescribed in
Paragraph 7.7.5.3. above.
7.7.5.8. In the case of vehicles to which Paragraph 7.7.1.9. of this Annex applies, a gangway
shall not be necessary provided the access dimensions specified in that paragraph are
respected.
7.7.5.9. The surface of gangways shall be slip-resistant.
7.7.6. Slope of Gangway
The slope of the gangway shall not exceed:
7.7.6.1. In the longitudinal direction:
7.7.6.1.1. 8% in the case of a vehicle of Class I, II or A, or
7.7.6.1.2. 12.5% in the case of a vehicle of Class III and B, and
7.7.6.2. In the transversal direction, 5% for all classes.
7.7.7. Steps (see Annex 4, Figure 8)
7.7.7.1. The maximum and minimum height, and the minimum depth, of steps for passengers at
service and emergency doors, and within the vehicle, are specified in Annex 4, Figure 8.
7.7.7.1.1. Any transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step. However, the vertical distance between the gangway surface and the floor of the
seating area shall not exceed 350mm.
7.7.7.2. The height of a step shall be measured at the centre of its width at the outer edge, the
tyre equipment and pressure being as specified by the manufacturer for the technically
permissible maximum laden mass (M).
7.7.7.3. The height of the first step in relation to the ground shall be measured with the vehicle on
level ground, at its mass in running order as defined in Paragraph 2.18 of this
Regulation, and the tyre equipment and pressure being as specified by the manufacturer
for the technically permissible maximum laden mass (M) declared in accordance with
Paragraph 2.19 of this Regulation.

7.7.8.1.3.2. In the case of vehicles of Class III, the minimum width of the seat cushion, Dimension "F"
(Annex 4, Figure 9A), measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that
seating position, shall be a minimum of 200mm. In case of compliance with this
paragraph the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8.1.1.2. above shall not apply.
7.7.8.1.4. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers, in the case of seats
adjacent to the wall of the vehicle, the available space does not include, in its upper part,
a triangular area 20mm wide by 100mm high (see Annex 4, Figure 10). In addition, the
space needed for safety belts and their anchorages and for the sun visor should be
considered as exempted.
7.7.8.1.5. In measuring the gangway width, no account shall be taken of whether or not the
available space defined above protrudes into the gangway.
7.7.8.2. Minimum Depth of Seat Cushion (Dimension K, see Annex 4, Figure 11)
The minimum depth of a seat cushion shall be:
7.7.8.2.1. 350mm in vehicles of Class I, A or B, and
7.7.8.2.2. 400mm in vehicles of Class II or Class III.
7.7.8.3. Height of Seat Cushion (Dimension H, see Annex 4, Figure 11a)
The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangential to the front upper surface of the
seat cushion is between 400mm and 500mm: this height may however be reduced to not
less than 350mm at the wheel arches (taking into account the allowances permitted in
Paragraph 7.7.8.5.2. below) and at the engine/transmission compartment.
7.7.8.4. Seat Spacing (see Annex 4, Figure 12)
7.7.8.4.1. In the case of seats facing in the same direction, the distance between the front of a seat
squab and the back of the squab of the seat preceding it (Dimension H), shall, when
measured horizontally and at all heights above the floor between the level of the top
surface of the seat cushion and a point 620mm above the floor, not be less than:
H
Class I, A and B
Class II and III
650mm
680mm
7.7.8.4.2. All measurements shall be taken, with the seat cushion and squab uncompressed, in a
vertical plane passing through the centreline of the individual seating place.
7.7.8.4.3. Where transverse seats face one another the minimum distance between the front faces
of the seat squabs of facing seats, as measured across the highest points of the seat
cushions, shall be not less than 1,300mm.

7.7.8.6.2. This free space shall be extended over the zone defined:
7.7.8.6.2.1. By longitudinal vertical planes 200mm either side of the median vertical plane of the
seating position, and
7.7.8.6.2.2. By a transverse vertical plane through the rearmost upper point of the seat back and by
a transverse vertical plane 280mm in front of the foremost point of the uncompressed
seat cushion, measured in each case at the median vertical plane of the seating position.
7.7.8.6.3. From the edges of the free space defined in Paragraph 7.7.8.6.1 and 7.7.8.6.2 above,
the following zones may be excluded:
7.7.8.6.3.1. In the case of the upper part of the outboard seats, adjacent to the inner wall of the
vehicle, a zone with a rectangular cross-section 150mm in height and 100mm in width
(see Annex 4, Figure 14).
7.7.8.6.3.2. In the case of the upper part of outboard seating position, a zone with triangular
cross-section whose apex is situated 700mm from the top and whose base is 100mm in
width (see Annex 4, Figure 15). The space needed for safety belts and their anchorages
and for the sun visor is also excluded.
7.7.8.6.3.3. In the case of the foot well of an outboard seating position, a zone of a cross-sectional
area not exceeding, 0.02m (0.03m for low floor vehicles) and having a maximum width
not exceeding 100mm (150mm for low floor vehicles) (see Annex 4, Figure 16).
7.7.8.6.3.4. In the case of a vehicle for up to 22 passengers, in the case of the seating places
nearest to the rear corners of the body, the outer rear edge of the free space, viewed in
plan, may be rounded to a radius not exceeding 150mm (see Annex 4, Figure 17).
7.7.8.6.4. In the free space defined by Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.1, 7.7.8.6.2 and 7.7.8.6.3. above, the
following additional intrusions shall be permitted:
7.7.8.6.4.1. Intrusion of the back of another seat, its supports and its attachments (e.g. folding table);
7.7.8.6.4.2. In the case of a vehicle for up to 22 passengers, intrusion of a wheel arch provided that
one of the following two conditions is fulfilled:
7.7.8.6.4.2.1. The intrusion does not extend beyond the median vertical plane of the seating position
(see Annex 4, Figure 18), or
7.7.8.6.4.2.2. The nearest edge of the area 300mm in depth available for the feet of the seated
passenger is advanced no more than 200mm from the edge of the uncompressed seat
cushion and to not more than 600mm in front of the squab of the seat, these
measurements being made in the median vertical plane of the seating position (see
Annex 4, Figure 19). In the case of two seats facing each other this provision shall apply
to only one of the seats and the remaining space for the feet of seated passengers shall
be at least 400mm.
7.7.8.6.4.3. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles with up to 22 passengers,
intrusion of the dashboard/instrument panel, windscreen, sun visors, seat belts, seat belt
anchorages and front dome.
7.7.8.6.4.4. Intrusion of hopper type windows when open and their fittings.

7.7.12. Intercommunication Staircase of a Double-deck Vehicle (see Annex 4, Figure 1)
7.7.12.1. The minimum width of any intercommunication staircase shall be so designed as to
permit the free passage of the single door access template as defined in Figure 1 of
Annex 4. The panel shall be moved starting from the gangway of the lower deck up to
the last step, in the probable direction of motion of a person using the staircase.
7.7.12.2. Intercommunication staircases shall be so designed, that, during heavy braking of the
vehicle moving in the forward direction, there is no danger of a passenger being
projected downwards.
This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if at least one of the following conditions is
met:
7.7.12.2.1. No part of the staircase is forward descending;
7.7.12.2.2. The staircase is equipped with guards or a similar provision;
7.7.12.2.3. There is an automatic device in the upper part of the staircase which prevents the use of
the staircase when the vehicle is in motion; this device shall be easily operable in an
emergency.
7.7.12.3. It shall be verified, by use of the cylinder of Paragraph 7.7.5.1. of this Annex, that access
conditions from the gangways (upper and lower) to the staircase are adequate.
7.7.13. Driver's Compartment
7.7.13.1. The driver shall be protected from standing passengers and from passengers seated
immediately behind the driver's compartment who may be projected into the driver's
compartment in the event of braking or cornering. This requirement shall be deemed to
be satisfied if:
7.7.13.1.1. The rear of the driver’s compartment is enclosed by a partition; or
7.7.13.1.2. In the case of passenger seats located immediately behind the driver's compartment
either a guard or, in the case of a vehicle of Class A or B, a safety-belt is fitted. For
vehicles having an area available for standing passengers immediately behind the
driver's compartment, the option of fitting a safety-belt shall not apply. Where fitted, a
guard shall comply with the requirements specified in Paragraphs 7.7.13.1.2.1. to
7.7.13.1.2.3. below (see Annex 4, Figure 30).
7.7.13.1.2.1. The minimum height of the guard measured from the floor on which the passenger's feet
rest shall be 800mm.
7.7.13.1.2.2. The width of the guard shall extend inwards from the wall of the vehicle at least as far as
100mm beyond the longitudinal centre line of the innermost relevant passenger seat, but
in any case shall extend at least as far as the innermost point of the driver's seat.
7.7.13.1.2.3. The distance between the uppermost edge of an area destined to hold any object (e.g. a
table) and the uppermost edge of a guard shall be at least 90mm.

7.8. Artificial Interior Lighting
7.8.1. Internal electrical lighting shall be provided for the illumination of:
7.8.1.1. All passenger compartments, crew compartments, toilet compartments and the
articulated section of an articulated vehicle;
7.8.1.2. Any step or steps;
7.8.1.3. The access to any exits and the area immediately around the service door(s) including,
when in use, any boarding device fitted;
7.8.1.4. The internal markings and internal controls of all exits;
7.8.1.5. All places where there are obstacles.
7.8.1.6. In the case of a double-decked vehicle without a roof, at least one lighting device shall
be provided as near as practicable to the top of every staircase leading to the upper
deck.
7.8.2. There shall be at least two internal lighting circuits such that failure of one will not affect
the other. A circuit serving only permanent entry and exit lighting can be considered as
one of these circuits.
7.8.3. Vehicles of Classes II, III and B shall be Equipped with an Emergency Lighting System:
7.8.3.1. It shall be possible for the driver to activate the emergency lighting system from the
driver's seating position.
7.8.3.2. The operation of the emergency control of any service or emergency door shall activate
the emergency lighting system.
7.8.3.3. The emergency lighting system, once activated, shall remain active for at least 30min
unless de-activated by the driver.
7.8.3.4. The power supply for the emergency lighting shall be suitably located within the vehicle
to minimise the risk of its continued operation being prejudiced as the result of an
accident.
7.8.3.5. All units providing the emergency lighting shall produce a white light.
7.8.3.6. The uniformity of illuminance of the lighting shall be assessed in accordance with the
following measures:
Maximum uniformity of illuminance =
Minimum uniformity of illuminance=
Maximum lighting level recorded
Average lighting level recorded
Minimum lighting level recorded
Average lighting level recorded
7.8.3.7. The emergency lighting system shall provide a minimum illuminance of 10lx directly
under each light unit in the passenger compartment at a height of 750mm above the
centreline of all access passages and gangways.

7.10. Direction-holding of Articulated Vehicles
When an articulated vehicle is moving in a straight line, the longitudinal median planes of
its rigid portion shall coincide and form a continuous plane without any deflection.
7.11. Handrails and Handholds
7.11.1. General Requirements
7.11.1.1. Handrails and handholds shall be of adequate strength.
7.11.1.2. They shall be so designed and installed as to present no risk of injury to passengers.
7.11.1.3. Handrails and handholds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every handrail shall provide a length of at least 100mm to accommodate a
hand. No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 20mm or greater than 45mm
except in the case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of
Class II, III or B, in access passages. In these cases handrails having a minimum
dimension of 15mm shall be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least
25mm. Handrails shall not have sharp bends.
7.11.1.4. The clearance between a handrail or handhold, along the majority of its length, and the
adjacent part of the vehicle body or walls shall be least 40mm. However, in the case of a
handrail on a door or a seat, or in the access passage of a vehicle of Class II, III or B, a
minimum clearance of 35mm shall be permitted.
7.11.1.5. The surface of every handrail, handhold or stanchion shall contrast visually with their
immediate surroundings and be slip-resistant.
7.11.2. Additional Requirements for Handrails and Handholds for Vehicles Designed to Carry
Standing Passengers
7.11.2.1. Handrails and/or handholds shall be provided in sufficient number for each point of the
floor area intended, in conformity with Paragraph 7.2.2. of this Annex for standing
passengers. For this purpose, strap hangers, if fitted, may be counted as handholds,
provided that they are held in their position by suitable means. This requirement shall be
deemed to be fulfilled if, for all possible sites of the testing device shown in Annex 4,
Figure 20 hereto, at least two handrails or handholds can be reached by the device's
moveable arm. The testing device may be freely turned about its vertical axis.
7.11.2.2. When applying the procedure described in Paragraph 7.11.2.1. above, only such
handrails and handholds shall be considered which are not less than 800mm and not
more than 1,950mm above the floor.
7.11.2.3. For every position that can be occupied by a standing passenger, at least one of the two
required handrails or handholds shall be not more than 1,500mm above the level of the
floor at that position. This does not apply to an area adjacent to a door where the door or
its mechanism in open position would prevent the use of this handhold. Also, exception
may be given in the middle of large platforms, but the sum of these exceptions shall not
exceed 20% of the total standing area.

7.12.2. Paragraph 7.12.1. shall not apply to any sideways facing seat, a seat which has its
centreline within the longitudinal projection of a gangway, a seat in front of which is
existing vehicle structure (e.g. fixed table or luggage pen) offering comparable levels of
protection as a guard meeting the requirements of Paragraph 7.12.1. or transverse
facing seats where the maximum distance between the front faces of the seat squabs of
facing seats does not exceed 1,800mm when measured in accordance with
Paragraph 7.7.8.4.3.
7.12.3. On the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle, the intercommunication staircase well shall
be protected by an enclosed guard having a minimum height of 800mm measured from
the floor. The lower edge of the guard shall not be more than 100mm from the floor.
7.12.4. The front windscreen ahead of passengers occupying upper deck front seats of a
double-deck vehicle shall be provided with a padded guard. The higher edge of that
protection shall be situated vertically between 800mm and 900mm above the floor where
the passenger's feet rest.
7.12.5. The riser of each step in an intercommunication staircase of a double deck vehicle shall
be closed.
7.13. Baggage Racks and Occupant Protection
The occupants of the vehicle shall be protected from objects liable to fall from baggage
racks under braking or cornering forces. If baggage compartments are fitted, they shall
be designed in such a way that baggage is prevented from falling in the event of sudden
braking.
7.14. Trap Doors, if Fitted
7.14.1. Every trap door, that is not an escape hatch, on the floor of a vehicle shall be so fitted
and secured that it cannot be dislodged or opened without the use of tools or keys and
no lifting or securing device shall project by more than 8mm above floor level. Edges of
projections shall be rounded.
7.15. Visual Entertainment
7.15.1. Forms of visual entertainment for passengers, for example television monitors or videos,
shall be located out of the driver's view when the driver is seated in his normal driving
position. This shall not preclude any television monitor or similar device used as part of
the driver's control or guidance of the vehicle, for example to monitor service doors.
7.16. Trolleybuses
7.16.1. Trolleybuses shall meet the provisions of Annex 12.

ANNEX 3 – APPENDIX
VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION
1. A vehicle may be shown to meet the requirement specified in Paragraph 7.4 of Annex 3 by a
calculation method approved by the Technical Service for conducting the tests.
2. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
parts of the vehicle to verify the assumption made in the calculation.
3. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
3.1. The vehicle shall be represented by a spatial system.
3.2. Due to the location of the centre of gravity of the body of the vehicle and the different spring rates
of the vehicle suspension and tyres, axles do not generally lift simultaneously on one side of the
vehicle as a result of lateral acceleration. Therefore, lateral tilting of the body over each axle has
to be ascertained on the supposition that the wheels of the other axle(s) remain on the ground.
3.3. To simplify matters, it shall be assumed that the centre of gravity of the unsprung masses lies in
the longitudinal plane of the vehicle on the line passing through the centre of the wheel rotation
axle. The small shifting of the roll centre due to deflection of the axle can be neglected. The air
suspension control should not be taken into account.
3.4. The following parameters, at least, shall be taken into account:
Vehicle data such as wheel base, tread width and sprung/unsprung masses, location of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle, deflection and rebound and the spring rate of the vehicle
suspension, considering also non-linearity, horizontal and vertical spring rate of the tyres, torsion
of the superstructure, location of the roll centre of the axles.
4. VALIDITY OF THE CALCULATION METHOD
4.1. The validity of the calculation method shall be established to the satisfaction of the Technical
Service, e.g. on the basis of a comparative test with a similar vehicle.

Figure 2
Access to Service Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.4)
Figure 3
Determination of Unobstructed Access to Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.9.1)

Figure 6
Gangway Mannequin
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.)

Figure 7
Forward Limitation of the Gangway
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1.1)

G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
225
250
Figure 9
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.)
G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
200
200
Figure 9A
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.3)

H = 400/500mm
K = 350mm min
Figure 11a
Seat-cushion Depth and Height
(see Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.7.8.2 and 7.7.8.3)

Figure 13
Space for Seated Passengers behind a Partition or other Rigid Structure other than a Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.5.1)

I (mm)
400 to 500
(for Classes A, B, I and II min 350mm at wheel
arches and engine compartment(s))
Figure 15
Permitted Intrusion above a Seating Position
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.2)

Figure 17
Permitted Intrusion at Rear Corner Seats
View of the Prescribed Area of the Seat (Two Side Seats at the Rear)
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.4)

Thickness 20mm
Figure 20
Testing Device for Siting of Handholds
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.11.2.1)

Figure 23
Accessibility Symbols
(see Annex 8, Paragraphs 3.2.8 and 3.6.6)
Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols: ISO 3864-1:2002
Figure 23A
Pictogram for Wheelchair Users
Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols: ISO 3864-1:2002
Figure 23B
Pictogram for Passengers with Reduced Mobility other than Wheelchair Users

Figure 26
(Reserved)
Figure 27
Access to Driver's Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2)
Figure 28
Access to Driver's Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.1.9.3)

Figure 30

2.5. The relation between the above parameters is shown in Figure 1 below (as an example):
Figure 1
2.6. Clamping or mean reactive force F is the arithmetical mean value of the effective forces,
measured at the same measuring point subsequently more times:
F
=

( F )
n
i
3. MEASUREMENTS
3.1. Conditions of measurement:
3.1.1. Temperature range: 10° − 30°C
3.1.2. The vehicle shall be standing on a horizontal surface. In the case of ramp measurements, this
surface shall be fitted with a rigidly mounted block or other similar device having a face against
which the ramp can react.
3.2. Measurements points shall be:
3.2.1. In the case of doors:
3.2.1.1. At the main closing edges of the door:
one in the middle of the door;
one 150mm above the lower edge of the door.
3.2.1.2. If equipped with clamping prevention devices for the opening process:
At the secondary closing edges of the door at that point which is considered to be the most
dangerous place of clamping.

4.2.2. The stiffness of the load cell shall be 10 ± 0.2 N/mm. The maximum spring deflection shall be
limited to 30mm so that a maximum peak force of 300N is achieved.
Figure 2

1.1.1. A vehicle to which Paragraph 7.7.1.10. of Annex 3 applies shall meet the requirements of
Paragraph 7.6.3.1. of Annex 3 or Paragraph 1.1. of this Annex as regards emergency windows
and escape hatches, and the following minimum requirements as regards service doors and
emergency doors:
Aperture Dimensions Remarks
Service door
Emergency
door
Aperture Height:
1,100mm
Width:
Single door:
650mm
Double door:
1,200mm
Height: 1,100mm
Width: 550mm
This dimension may be reduced by a radius at the corners
of the aperture not exceeding 150mm.
This dimension may be reduced by a radius at the corners
of the aperture not exceeding 150mm. The width may be
reduced by 100mm when the measurement is made at the
level of the handholds and by 250mm in cases where
intruding wheel arches or the actuating mechanism for
automatic or remote-control doors or the rake of the
windscreen so require.
The width may be reduced to 300mm in cases where
intruding wheel arches so require, providing that the width
of 550mm is respected at the minimum height of 400mm
above the lowest part of the door aperture. The upper
corners may be reduced with round-offs with a radius of
not more than 150mm.

3.2.4. The minimum width of a priority seat cushion, measured from a vertical plane passing
through the centre of that seating position, shall be 220mm on each side.
3.2.5. The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangent to the front upper surface of the seat
cushion is between 400mm and 500mm.
3.2.6. The foot space at priority seating positions shall extend forward of the seat from a
vertical plane through the forward edge of the seat cushion. The foot space shall not
have a slope in any direction of more than 8%. For vehicles of Classes I and A, the
vertical distance between the floor of the seating area and the adjacent gangway shall be
not more than 250mm.
3.2.7. Each priority seating position shall have a free height of not less than 1,300mm for
vehicles of Class I and A and 900mm for vehicles of Class II, measured from the highest
point of the uncompressed seat cushion. This free height shall extend over the vertical
projection of the minimum required seat width of 440mm and the associated foot space
Intrusion of a seat back or other object into this space shall be permitted provided that a
minimum clear vertical space extending 230mm in front of the seat cushion is
maintained. Where the priority seat is positioned facing a bulkhead more than 1,200mm
in height this space shall be 300mm. From the edges of the free space defined above,
intrusions are permitted in accordance with Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.3.1 to 7.7.8.6.3.4 of
Annex 3 as if reference to the clear space in Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.1 and 7.7.8.6.2 of
Annex 3 is a reference to the clear space defined above. The provisions of Paragraph
7.7.8.1.4 of Annex 3 may apply. Intrusions of handholds or handrails as mentioned in
Paragraph 3.4.2. below may protrude by a maximum of 100mm from the sidewall into the
clear space over the vertical projection of the foot space.
3.2.8. Vehicles fitted with a priority seat shall have pictogram(s) in accordance with Annex 4,
Figure 23B visible from the outside, both on the front nearside of the vehicle and
adjacent to the relevant service door(s). A pictogram shall be placed internally adjacent
to the priority seat.
3.3. Communication Devices
3.3.1. Communication devices shall be placed adjacent to any priority seat and within any
wheelchair area and shall be at a height between 700mm and 1,200mm above the floor.
3.3.2. Communication devices situated in the low floor area shall be at a height between
800mm and 1,500mm where there are no seats.
3.3.3. (Reserved)
3.3.4. If a vehicle is fitted with a ramp or lift, a means of communication with the driver shall be
fitted outside, adjacent to the door, and at a height between 850mm and 1,300mm from
the ground. This requirement shall not apply to a door situated in the direct field of vision
of the driver.

3.6.4.1. By "moving freely and easily", it is meant that there exists:
(a)
(b)
Sufficient space available for the wheelchair user to manoeuvre without the
assistance of a person;
There are no steps, gaps or stanchions which could be an obstacle to the free
movement of the wheelchair user.
3.6.4.2. For the application of the above provisions, the test shall be performed, in the case of
vehicles of Class I and A fitted with more than one wheelchair space, for each
wheelchair space with all other wheelchair spaces occupied by the reference wheelchair.
3.6.5. In vehicles of Class I and A fitted with a ramp for wheelchair access, it shall be possible
for a reference wheelchair having the dimensions shown in Annex 4, Figure 21 to enter
and exit a vehicle with the wheelchair moving in a forward direction.
3.6.6. Vehicles fitted with a wheelchair space shall have pictogram(s) in accordance with
Annex 4, Figure 23A visible from the outside, both on the front nearside of the vehicle
and adjacent to the relevant service door(s).
One of these pictograms shall be placed internally adjacent to each wheelchair space
indicating whether the wheelchair is to be positioned facing the front or the rear of the
vehicle.
3.7. Seats and Standing Passengers in the Wheelchair Space
3.7.1. Folding seats may be fitted in a wheelchair space. However, such seats when folded and
out of use shall not intrude into the wheelchair space.
3.7.2. A vehicle may be equipped with demountable seats fitted in the wheelchair space
provided that such seats may be easily removed by the driver or a crew member.
3.7.3. For vehicles of Class I, II and A, where the foot space of any seat, or part of a folding
seat when in use, intrudes into a wheelchair space, those seats shall have signs fixed on
or adjacent to them with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.8. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.
3.7.4. In vehicles where any wheelchair space is designated for use exclusively by a
wheelchair user as provided for in Paragraph 7.2.2.2.10. of Annex 3, those spaces shall
be clearly marked with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Area designated for use exclusively by a wheelchair user"
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.8. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.

3.8.2.4.2. For Category M :
3.8.2.4.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the wheelchair
user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the vehicle. If the restraint
system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in an angle 45° ± 10° to the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle;
3.8.2.4.2.2. 450daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 450daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the
vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the belt in the case of
3-point belt;
3.8.2.4.2.3. 1,130daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.4.2.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.2.5. In forward direction in the case of a combined wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system.
3.8.2.5.1. For Category M ;
3.8.2.5.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair user restraint system in the case of a
lap belt;
3.8.2.5.1.2. 675daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 675daN ± 20daN in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of
the belt in the case of 3-point belt;
3.8.2.5.1.3. 1,715daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.5.1.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.2.5.2. For Category M :
3.8.2.5.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair user restraint system in the case of a
lap belt;
3.8.2.5.2.2. 450daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 450daN ± 20daN in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of
the belt in the case of 3-point belt;
3.8.2.5.2.3. 1,130daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.5.2.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.

3.8.3.6.3. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.1. above and Paragraph 3.8.3.6.2. shall be applied
simultaneously in the forward direction and at an angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal
plane;
3.8.3.6.4. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.1. above shall be applied in the rearward direction and
at an angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal plane;
3.8.3.6.5. The forces shall be applied as rapidly as possible through the central vertical axis of the
wheelchair space; and
3.8.3.6.6. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than 0.2s.
3.8.3.6.7. The test shall be carried out on a representative section of the vehicle structure together
with any fitting provided in the vehicle which is likely to contribute to the strength or
rigidity of the structure.
3.8.3.7. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.6. above are:
3.8.3.7.1. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair restraint system fitted to a
Category M vehicle:
3.8.3.7.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the front
of the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.3.7.1.2. 550daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the rear of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.3.7.2. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair restraint system fitted to a
Category M vehicle
3.8.3.7.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.3.7.2.2. 370daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the rear of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.3.7.3. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair user restraint system the forces
shall be in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No. 14. The forces shall be
applied by means of a traction device as appropriate to the belt type as specified in
Regulation No. 14.
3.8.3.8. A wheelchair restraint system shall be subject to a dynamic test carried out in
accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.3.8.1. A representative wheelchair test trolley of mass 85kg shall, from a speed of between
48km/h to 50km/h to rest, be subject to a deceleration-time pulse:
3.8.3.8.1.1. Exceeding 20g in the forward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.015s;

3.8.4.1.1. One of the longitudinal sides of the space for a wheelchair shall rest against a side or
wall of the vehicle or a partition;
3.8.4.1.2. A support or backrest perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle shall be
provided in the forward end of the wheelchair space;
3.8.4.1.3. The support or backrest shall be designed for the wheels or the back of the wheelchair to
rest against the support or backrest in order to avoid the wheelchair from tipping over and
shall comply with the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.5. below;
3.8.4.1.4. A handrail or handhold shall be fitted to the side or wall of the vehicle or a partition in such
a way to allow the wheelchair user to grasp it easily. This handrail shall not extend over
the vertical projection of the wheelchair space, except by not more than 90mm and only at
a height not less than 850mm above the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.4.1.5. A retractable handrail or any equivalent rigid device shall be fitted on the opposite side of
the wheelchair space in order to restrict any lateral shift of the wheelchair and to allow the
wheelchair user to grasp it easily;
3.8.4.1.6. A sign shall be fixed adjacent to the wheelchair area with the following text:
"This space is reserved for a wheelchair. The wheelchair shall be placed facing rearwards
resting against the support or backrest with the brakes on"
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.8. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.
3.8.5. Backrest and Support Requirements
3.8.5.1. A backrest fitted to a wheelchair space in accordance with Paragraph 3.8.4. shall be fitted
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and shall be capable of bearing a load
of 250 ± 20daN applied to the centre of the padded surface of the backrest, at a height of
not less than 600mm and of not more than 800mm measured vertically from the floor of
the wheelchair space, for a minimum of 1.5s by means of a block 200mm × 200mm in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle towards the front of the vehicle. The backrest shall not
deflect more than 100mm or suffer permanent deformation or damage.
3.8.5.2. A support fitted to a wheelchair space in accordance with Paragraph 3.8.4. shall be fitted
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and shall be capable of withstanding a
force of 250daN ± 20daN applied to the centre of the support, for a minimum of 1.5s in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle towards the front of the vehicle in the middle of the support.
The support shall not deflect more than 100mm or suffer permanent deformation or
damage.
3.8.6. Example of a backrest meeting the requirements of Paragraph 3.8.4.1.3. above (see
Annex 4, Figure 29).
3.8.6.1. The bottom edge of a backrest shall be at a height of not less than 350mm and of not
more than 480mm measured vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.
3.8.6.2. The top edge of a backrest shall be at a height of not less than 1,300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.

3.10.3. Accessibility to prams and pushchairs areas shall be provided in accordance with the
following provisions:
3.10.3.1. It shall be possible for an unfolded pram or pushchair to be moved freely and easily from
the outside of the vehicle through at least one of the service doors into the special
area(s)
3.10.3.1.1. By "moving freely and easily", it is meant that:
(a)
(b)
There is sufficient space available for the pram or pushchair to be manoeuvred;
There are no steps, gaps or stanchions which could be an obstacle to the free
movement of the pram or pushchair.
3.10.4. The area shall be fitted with the pictogram shown in Annex 4, Figure 23C.
3.10.4.1. The same pictogram shall be placed both on the front nearside of the vehicle and
adjacent to the service door that gives access to the pram or pushchair area.
3.10.5. The following requirements shall apply to the stability of the unfolded pram or pushchair:
3.10.5.1. One of the longitudinal sides of the space for a pram or pushchair shall rest against a
side or wall of the vehicle or a partition;
3.10.5.2. A support or backrest perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle shall be
provided in the forward end of the pram or pushchair space;
3.10.5.3. The support or backrest shall be designed to avoid the pram or pushchair from tipping
over and shall comply with the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.5. above;
3.10.5.4. A handrail or handhold shall be fitted to the side or wall of the vehicle or a partition in
such a way to allow the accompanying person to grasp it easily. This handrail shall not
extend over the vertical projection of the pram or pushchair space, except by not more
than 90mm and only at a height not less than 850mm above the floor of the pram or
pushchair space;
3.10.5.5. A retractable handrail or any equivalent rigid device shall be fitted on the opposite side of
the pram or pushchair space in order to restrict any lateral shift of the pram or pushchair.
3.10.6. The area shall be provided with a specific control, e.g. a push-button, to enable the
passenger with an unfolded pram or pushchair to request that the vehicle be stopped at
the next bus stop. The general requirements of Paragraph 7.7.9.1. of Annex 3 shall
apply.
3.10.7. The control shall be fitted with the pictogram described in Figure 23C of Annex 4. The
dimensions of the pictogram may be reduced as needed.
3.10.8. The area to accommodate the unfolded pram or pushchair may adjoin the area for the
wheelchair and be in its extension. Intrusions of stanchions to provide handholds for
standing passengers may be permitted provided the requirement of Paragraph 3.10.3. of
this Annex is met.

3.11.3.2. Additional technical requirements for power-operated lifts
3.11.3.2.1. The operating control shall be designed in such a way that, if released, it automatically
returns to the off position. As it does so the movement of the lift shall immediately be
stopped and it shall be possible to initiate a movement in either direction.
3.11.3.2.2. A safety device (e.g. reversing mechanism) shall protect areas not visible to the
operator, where the movement of the lift might trap or crush objects.
3.11.3.2.3. In the event of one of these safety devices coming into operation, the movement of the
lift shall immediately be stopped and movement in the opposite direction initiated.
3.11.3.3. Operation of power operated lifts
3.11.3.3.1. Where the lift is at a service door situated within the direct field of vision of the driver of
the vehicle, the lift may be operated by the driver when in the driver’s seat.
3.11.3.3.2. In all others cases, the controls shall be adjacent to the lift. They shall be capable of
being activated and deactivated only by the driver from his seat.
3.11.3.4. Manually operated lift
3.11.3.4.1. The lift shall be designed for operation by controls adjacent to the lift.
3.11.3.4.2. The lift shall be so designed that excessive forces are not required to operate it.
3.11.4. Ramp
3.11.4.1. General Provisions
3.11.4.1.1. The ramp shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill.
3.11.4.1.2. Edges on the outside shall be rounded to a radius of no less than 2.5mm. Corners on the
outside shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 5mm.
3.11.4.1.3. The useable surface of a ramp shall be at least 800mm wide. The slope of the ramp,
when extended or folded out on to a kerb of 150mm in height, should not exceed 12%.
The slope of the ramp, when extended or folded out to the ground, should not exceed
36%. A kneeling system may be used to achieve this test.
3.11.4.1.4. Any ramp which when ready for use exceeds 1,200mm in length shall be fitted with a
device to prevent the wheelchair rolling off the sides.
3.11.4.1.5. Any ramp shall be capable of operating safely with a load of 300kg.
3.11.4.1.6. The outer edge of ramp surfaces available for use by a wheelchair shall be clearly
marked with a band of colour 45mm to 55mm in width which contrasts visually with the
remainder of the ramp surface. The band of colour shall extend along the outermost
edge and along both edges parallel to the direction of travel of the wheelchair.
Marking of any trip hazard or where part of the ramp surface also forms part of the step
is permissible.

ANNEX 9
(Reserved)
ANNEX 10
TYPE APPROVAL FOR A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT AND TYPE APPROVAL
OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A BODYWORK ALREADY APPROVED AS A
SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT
1. SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT TYPE APPROVAL
1.1. In order to be granted separate technical unit type approval to this Regulation for a vehicle
bodywork, the manufacturer must demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority
the accomplishment of the conditions declared by the manufacturer. The remaining conditions to
this Regulation shall be accomplished and demonstrated according to Paragraph 2. below.
1.2. Approval may be granted subject to conditions to be met by the completed vehicle (such as, for
example, characteristics of suitable chassis, restriction on use or installation), these restrictions
being recorded on the approval certificate.
1.3. Any such conditions shall be communicated to the purchaser of the vehicle bodywork or the next
stage builder of the vehicle in an appropriate form.
2. TYPE APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A BODYWORK ALREADY APPROVED AS
A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT
2.1. In order to be granted Type approval to this Regulation for a vehicle fitted with a bodywork which
has already been granted approval as a separate technical unit, the manufacturer must
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority compliance with the requirements
of this Regulation that would not have already been accomplished and demonstrated according
to Paragraph 1. above, considering any previous Type approval as uncompleted vehicle.
2.2. Any requirements established according to Paragraph 1.2. above shall be fulfilled.

(m)
(n)
(o)
coupling devices for motor vehicles,
trolley booms of electrically-propelled vehicles,
external sun visors.
2.2.2. "Vehicle width" is a dimension which is measured according to
ISO Standard 612-1978, Term No. 6.2.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle width the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
(m)
customs sealing devices and their protection,
devices for securing the tarpaulin and their protection,
tyre failure tell-tale devices,
protruding flexible parts of a spray-suppression,
lighting equipment,
access ramps in running order, lifting platforms and similar equipment in running
order provided that they do not exceed 10mm from the side of the vehicle and the
corners of the ramps facing forwards or rearwards are rounded to a radius of not
less than 5mm; the edges shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 2.5mm;
mirrors and other devices for indirect vision,
tyre-pressure indicators,
retractable steps,
the deflected part of the tyre walls immediately above the point of contact with the
ground,
watching aids,
retractable lateral guidance devices on buses and coaches intended for use on
guided bus systems, if not retracted,
service-door lighting devices.
2.2.3. "Vehicle height" is a dimension which is measured according to ISO Standards
612-1978, Term No. 6.3.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle height the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
aerials,
pantographs or trolley booms in their elevated position.
For vehicles with an axle-lift device, the effect of this device shall be taken into account.

3.2. Mass Distribution Calculations
3.2.1. Calculation Procedure
3.2.1.1. For the purpose of the mass distribution calculations hereafter laid down, the
manufacturer shall provide the technical service in charge of the tests, with the
information (in tabular or any other appropriate form) necessary to identify for each
technical configuration within the vehicle type the corresponding technically permissible
maximum laden mass of the vehicle, the technically permissible maximum masses on
the axles and groups of axles, the technically permissible maximum towable mass, and
the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination.
3.2.1.2. Suitable calculations shall be carried out in order to make sure that the following
requirements are fulfilled for each technical configuration within the type. For this
purpose, the calculations may be limited to the worst cases.
3.1.3. In the following requirements, the notations M, m , µ TM, and MC respectively designate
the following parameters, for which the requirements of Paragraph 3.2. above shall be
fulfilled:
M
= the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the vehicle,
m = the technically permissible maximum mass on the axle designated 'i', where 'i'
varies from 1 to the total number of axles of the vehicle,
µ = the technically permissible maximum mass on the solo axle or group of axles
designated 'j', where 'j' varies from 1 to the total number of solo axles and groups
of axles,
TM = the technically permissible maximum towable mass, and
MC = the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination.
3.2.1.4. In the case of a solo axle, designated 'i' as an axle and 'j' as a group of axles, m = µ by
definition.
3.2.1.5. In the case of vehicles fitted with loadable axles, the following calculations required by
Paragraph 3.2.1.2. above shall be carried out with the suspension of the axles loaded in
the normal running configuration. In the case of vehicles fitted with retractable axles, the
calculations required by Paragraph 3.2.1.2. above shall be carried out with the axles
lowered.
3.2.1.6. For groups of axles, the manufacturer shall indicate the laws of distribution among the
axles of the total mass applied on to the group (for instance by stating the distribution
formulae or producing distribution graphs).
3.2.2. Loading Limitations
3.2.2.1. The sum of the masses m shall not be less than the mass M.

Q and S have values laid down in the following table:
Vehicle class
Q (kg) mass of one
passenger
S (m /passenger) conventional space for
one standing passenger
Class I and A 68 0.125
Class II 71 0.15
Class III and B 71 None
3.2.3.2.2. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity, area available for
standing passengers (S ) and/or equipped for the carriage of wheelchairs, the
requirements of Paragraphs 3.2.3.1 and 3.2.3.2. above shall be determined for each of
the following conditions as applicable:
3.2.3.2.2.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
(up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if reached, excluding
areas designated for use exclusively by wheelchair users) and, if space remains, any
wheelchair spaces occupied;
3.2.3.2.2.2. With all possible standing areas occupied (up to the standing capacity limit declared by
the manufacturer, excluding areas designated for use exclusively by wheelchair users),
followed by the remaining seats available for seated passengers and, if space remains,
any wheelchair spaces occupied;
3.2.3.2.2.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers (up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if
reached) and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.
3.2.3.3. When the vehicle is in running order or laden as specified in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. above,
the mass corresponding to the load on the front axle or group of axles shall not be less
than the percentage of the mass of the vehicle in running order or of the technically
permissible maximum laden mass 'M' laid down in the following table:
Classes I and A Class II Classes III and B
Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated
20 20 25 20 25 20
3.2.3.4. Where a vehicle is to be approved to more than one Class, Paragraphs 3.2.3.1. and
3.2.3.2. above shall apply to each Class.

3.4.2. With the vehicle stationary, a vertical plane tangential to the side of the vehicle and
facing
outwards from the circle shall be established by marking a line on the ground. In
the case of an articulated vehicle, the two
rigid portions shall be aligned with the plane.
When
the vehicle moves from
a straight line approachh into the circular area described in
Paragraph 3.4.1. above, no part of it shall move outside of that vertical plane by more
than 0.60m (see Figures B andd C).
Figure A
Figure B
R = 12.5m
r = 5.3m
U = maximum 0.6m

ANNEX 12
ADDITIONAL SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
1. DEFINITIONS AND OPERATING PARAMETERS
For the purpose of this Annex:
1.1. "Line voltage" means the voltage provided to the trolleybus from the external power
supply.
Trolleybuses shall be designed to operate at a rated line voltage of either:
(a)
(b)
(c)
600V (a working range of 400 to 720V, and 800V DC for 5min); or
750V (a working range of 500 to 900V, and 1,000V DC for 5min); and
Withstand over-voltages of 1,270V for 20ms.
1.2. The electrical circuits of a trolleybus are classified according to their rated voltage in the
following classes:
1.2.1. "Voltage Class A" means a:
Rated voltage ≤30V AC; and
Rated voltage ≤60V DC.
1.2.2. "Voltage Class B" means a:
30V AC < rated voltage ≤1,000V AC; and
60V DC < rated voltage ≤1,500V DC.
1.3. Rated Climatic Conditions
1.3.1. Trolleybuses shall be designed to operate reliably under the following environmental
conditions:
1.3.1.1. A temperature range of -25°С to +40°С;
1.3.1.2. A relative humidity of 98% at temperatures up to 25°С;
1.3.1.3. An atmospheric pressure range of 86.6kPa to 106.6kPa;
1.3.1.4. An altitude range from sea level to a maximum of 1,400m above the sea level.
1.3.2. Special environmental conditions, beyond the rated climatic conditions specified in
Paragraph 1.3.1. above, shall be indicated in the type-approval documentation (Annex 1,
Part 1, Appendices 1 to 3) and communication form (Annex 1, Part 2, Appendices 1
to 3).

2.6. The current collector head, if disconnected from its normal position on the trolley pole,
shall remain attached to the trolley pole.
2.7. Current collectors may be equipped with remote control from the driver's compartment,
at least for retraction.
2.8. Provision shall be made to enable the driver to replace, if necessary, contact surface
inserts while the vehicle is in operation on the road.
3. TRACTION AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
3.1. Electrical components installed on the trolleybus shall be protected against over-voltage
and short-circuit current. The protection shall preferably be assured by circuit breakers
that are reset automatically, remotely or manually.
3.2. Electrical components shall be protected against commutation or atmospheric
over-voltage.
3.3. Circuit breakers shall provide interruption of particular damaged circuits.
3.4. If any circuit includes a single-pole circuit breaker, it shall be installed in the positive wire
of the circuit.
3.5. All electrical circuits and circuit branches of voltage Class B shall be of dual wiring. The
trolleybus body can be used as a conductor for protective bonding of circuits, double
insulated from the line voltage Class B. It may also be used as the return connection for
voltage Class A circuits.
3.6. Battery cases, covers and trays shall be made of non-flammable or self-extinguishing
materials.
3.7. Electrical components connected to the line voltage shall have, in addition to their basic
insulation, a supplementary insulation from the trolleybus body, the onboard power
supply and signal interfaces.
For protection of current conducting parts and metallized intermediate layers inside the
passenger compartment or luggage compartment, the protection degree IPXXD shall be
provided (according to ISO 20653:2013).
For protection of current conducting parts and metallized intermediate layers in areas
other than the passenger compartment or luggage compartment and not on the roof, the
protection degree IPXXB shall be satisfied (according to ISO 20653:2013).
For protection of current conducting parts and metallized intermediate layers on the roof
with protection by distance, no protection degree is required.

3.10.5. Wiring conduits shall be made of non-flammable or self-extinguishing material. Conduits
inside the passenger compartment of voltage Class B shall be closed and be made of
metal. Metallic conduits shall be connected to the vehicle chassis.
3.10.6. [Reserved]
3.10.7. Wiring located under the floor of the trolleybus shall be contained in conduit that protects
it against the ingress and propagation of water and dust.
3.10.8. Fastening and arrangement of wiring and cables shall be designed to prevent damage
by abrasion (chafing) of insulation. Grommets of elastomeric material shall be provided
at points where wiring penetrates metal structure. The bend radius of conduits containing
wiring shall be at least five times the external diameter of the conduit.
3.10.9. The location of wiring in the vicinity of circuit breakers shall be designed so as to prevent
arcing onto the wiring.
3.10.10. Precautions shall be taken to avoid damage of wiring from heated resistors and other
electrical components. In critical areas thermo-resistant wires shall be used.
3.10.11. Wiring holders, connectors and other mounting devices shall be made of non-flammable
or self-extinguishing materials. Electrical components of the self-extinguishing materials
shall only be installed outside the passenger compartment.
3.10.12. Each of the insulations of voltage Class B equipment onboard the trolleybus shall be
tested with an AC power supply at test frequency of 50 - 60Hz for 1min.
The test voltage (U
) for wiring and components at the trolleybus shall be:
Basic insulation: U = 2 × U + 1,500V
Supplementary Insulation: U = 1.6 × U + 500V
For circuits double insulated from overhead line voltage, the test voltage (U
at least 1,500V, or:
) shall be
Basic Insulation: U = 2 × U + 1,000V
The equivalent DC test voltage is √2 times the AC value.
Reinforced insulation in trolleybuses is not allowed for circuits directly connected to
overhead line.

1. SPECIFICATIONS
ANNEX 13 – PART 1
FIRE SUPPRESSION SYSTEM APPROVED AS A COMPONENT
1.1. Fire suppression systems shall be tested for high-load fire, low-load fire, high-load fire with
fan and re-ignition.
1.2. The test apparatus, test fires and general test conditions are described in Appendix 1 to this
Annex.
1.3. High-load Fire
1.3.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 2 to this Annex.
1.3.2. The test shall be conducted with the extinguishing agent and the propellant gas vessel or the
suppression agent generator cooled to the minimum operating temperature for the fire
suppression system, as declared by the manufacturer.
1.3.3. The fires shall be fully extinguished, at the latest in the minute after activation or before the
extinguishing agent has been fully used, whichever happens first.
1.3.4. The test is considered passed either after success at first attempt or at two of three attempts
in a case when first of these attempts fails.
1.4. Low-load Fire
1.4.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 3 to this Annex.
1.4.2. The fires shall be fully extinguished, at the latest in the minute after activation or before the
extinguishing agent has been fully used, whichever happens first.
1.4.3. The test is considered passed if success was achieved at the first attempt or at two of three
attempts in a case when first of these attempts fails.
1.5. High-load Fire with Fan
1.5.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 4 to this Annex.
1.5.2. The fires shall be fully extinguished either in the minute after activation or upon end of the
discharge of the suppression system.
1.5.3. The test is considered passed if success was achieved at the first attempt or at two of three
attempts in a case when first of these attempts fails.
1.6. Re-ignition Test
1.6.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 5 to this Annex.
1.6.2. Re-ignition shall not occur within 45 seconds of the fire being fully extinguished.
1.6.3. The test is considered passed either if success was achieved at the first attempt or at two of
three attempts in a case when first of these attempts fails.

1.5. Low-load Fire
1.5.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 3 to this Annex.
1.5.2. The fires shall be fully extinguished either in the minute after activation or upon end of the
discharge of the suppression system.
1.5.3. The test is considered passed either after success at the first attempt or after success at the
second and third attempts in case of failure at the first attempt.
1.6. High-load Fire with Fan (if a fan is fitted in the engine and/or combustion heater
compartment)
1.6.1. The test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 4 to this Annex.
1.6.2. The fires shall be fully extinguished either in the minute after activation or upon end of the
discharge of the suppression system.
1.6.3. The test is considered passed either after success at the first attempt or after success at the
second and third attempts in case of failure at the first attempt.
1.7. Re-ignition Test
1.7.1. The re-ignition test shall be conducted in accordance with Appendix 5 to this Annex.
1.7.2. Re-ignition shall not occur within 45 seconds of the fire being fully extinguished.
1.7.3. The test is considered passed either after success at the first attempt or after success at the
second and third attempts in case of failure at the first attempt.

Figure 2
Test Apparatus Seen from the Rear
Figure 3
Test Apparatus Seen from Above

1.3. Framework
1.3.1. The framework of the test apparatus shall be constructed according to Figure 4. The
dimensions of the beams are 50mm × 50mm and 100mm × 50mm respectively. The
framework shall be 300mm above the ground.
Figure 4
Framework for the Test Apparatus

Table 4
Distance to Thermocouple from Inlet of Exhaust Manifold Mock-up
Thermocouple
Tc1
Tc2
Tc3
Tc4
Tc5
Tc6
Tc7
Distance from Inlet
250mm
300mm
350mm
600mm
300mm
300mm
300mm
Figure 5
Thermocouples on the exhaust manifold mock-up
Figure 6
Thermocouples on the Exhaust Manifold Mock-up (the Inlet of the Mock-up is on the Left Side)

Figure 8
Obstruction 2 and 3
Figure 9
Obstruction 4

2. TEST FIRES
2.1. The test fires in Table 6 are to be conducted as described in Appendices 2 to 5. Diesel oil
(commercial fuel oil or light diesel oil), heptane (C H ) and engine oil 15W-40 with a flash
point COC of 230°C and viscosity at 40°C of 107mm /s shall be used as test fuels.
Table 6
Test Fires
Test fire No. Description Fuel
Approximate peak
heat release rate
60s after ignition
1 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm Diesel oil and heptane 60kW
2 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm and
2 fibreboards
Diesel oil and heptane
110kW
3 Pool fire 200mm × 300mm Diesel oil and heptane 40kW
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm Diesel oil and heptane 7kW
5 Spray fire (450kPa, 0.73kg/min.
±10%)
6 Spray fire (450kPa, 0.19kg/min.
±10%)
7 Dripping oil fire
(40 droplets/min. ±10)
Diesel oil
Diesel oil
Engine oil
520kW
140kW
2.2. The amount of water, diesel and heptane used in the tests shall be in accordance with
Table 7.
Table 7
Amount of Fuel Used in Pool Fire Trays
Dimensions Water Diesel Heptane Used for test fire
300mm × 300mm 1.0l 0.5l 0.2l 1, 2,
200mm × 300mm 0.5l 0.5l 0.2l 3
Diameter 150mm 0.2l 0.2l 0.1l 4
2.3. Test fire No. 2 consists of a heptane pool and two diesel soaked fibreboards with a dry
density of 3.5kg/m . The dimensions of the fibreboards shall be 12mm × 295mm × 190mm.
The fibreboards shall consist of at least 90% raw material from wood. The moisture content in
the boards before they are soaked in diesel oil shall not exceed 7%. The fibreboards shall be
completely immersed in diesel oil for at least 10min prior to the test and mounted vertically in
the pool fire tray not more than10min before the start of the test.
5kW

Figure 11
Nozzle Positioning Seen from the Rear Side of Test Apparatus
3.3. The system set-up and configuration shall be observed and documented prior to the test
(e.g. amount of suppression agent and propellant gas, system pressure, number, type and
location of discharge points, length of pipes and number of fittings).
Temperature shall be measured during the re-ignition tests at locations specified in
Appendix 1.
3.4. Test Method
3.4.1. The pool fire trays are to be filled with diesel and heptane on a base of water according to
Table 7. Where fibreboards are required to be used as the fire source, they shall be soaked in
diesel oil, prior to the test, according to instructions in Paragraph 2.3. above.
3.4.2. A pre-burn time based on the information in Appendices 2 to 5 is required. The pre-burn time
is measured from the time the first fire is ignited. All pool fires in the test scenarios shall be
ignited within the allowed ignition-time, according to Appendices 2 to 5, using a suitable
ignition source. The low- load fire tests in Table 1 in Appendix 3 may be performed either
individually or concurrently.

Test fire No.
(see Table 6 in Appendix 1)
ANNEX 13 – APPENDIX 2
HIGH-LOAD FIRE
Table 1
Test Fires
Description Coordinates [x; y; z]
(see Figure 1 in Appendix 1)
6 Spray fire (0.45MPa, 0.19kg/min) [1.47; 0.73; 0.46]
3 Pool fire 200mm × 300mm [0.97; 0.85; 0.70]
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm [0.97; 1.28; 0.00]
3 Pool fire 200mm × 300mm [1.54; 0.57; 0.36]
2 Pool fire 300 mm × 300 mm and 2 Fibreboards [1.54; 0.77; 0.36]
3 Pool fire 200mm × 300mm [1.54; 0.13; 0.00]
Note: The fan is not used
Time
Table 2
Test Procedure
Action
00:00 Start measuring time
01:20 Ignite pool fires (within 20s)
01:50 Start diesel spray
02:00 Activate suppression system

Test fire No.
(see Table 6 in Appendix 1)
ANNEX 13 – APPENDIX 3
LOW-LOAD FIRE
Table 1
Test Fires
Description Coordinates [x; y; z]
(see Figure 1 in Appendix 1)
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm [0.02; 0.08; 0.00]
3 Pool fire 200mm × 300mm [0.37; 0.57; 0.00]
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm [0.45; 1.20; 0.00]
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm [0.97; 1.28; 0.00]
4 Pool fire diameter 150mm [1.54; 0.57; 0.00]
Note: The fan is required to produce an air flow of 1.5m /s.
Time
Table 2
Test Procedure
Action
00:00 Start measuring time
01:00 Ignite pool fires (within 30s)
01:30 Engage the fan
02:00 Activate suppression system

Test fire No.
(see Table 6 in Appendix 1)
ANNEX 13 – APPENDIX 4
HIGH-LOAD FIRE WITH FAN
Table 1
Test Fires
Description Coordinates [x; y; z]
(see Figure 1 in Appendix 1)
5 Spray fire (0.45MPa, 0.73kg/min) [0.37; 0.70; 0.46]
1 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm [0.37; 0.47; 0.36]
2 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm and 2 fibreboards [0.37; 0.77; 0.36]
1 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm [0.37; 0.13; 0.00]
1 Pool fire 300mm × 300mm [1.54; 0.13; 0.00]
Note: The fan is required to produce an air flow of 1.5m /s.
Table 2
Test Procedure
Time
Action
00:00
Start measuring time
01:00
Ignite pool fires (within 20s)
01:30
Engage the fan
01:50
Start diesel spray
02:00
Activate suppression system

Test fire No.
(see Table 6 in Appendix 1)
ANNEX 13 – APPENDIX 5
RE-IGNITION TEST
Table 1
Test Fires
Description Coordinates [x; y; z]
(see Figure 1 in Appendix 1)
7 Dripping oil fire (0.2MPa, 0.01kg/min) [0.82; 0.28; 1.22]
Note: The fan is not used.
Time
Prior to test
Table 2
Test Procedure
Action
Pre-heat tube
00:00 Predefined temperatures are reached
00:30 Start oil dripping
00:45 Activate suppression system (the oil shall ignite before activation)
Figure 1
Test Fire Positioning, View from the Front Side
General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles.