Regulation No. 107-01

Name:Regulation No. 107-01
Description:General Construction - M2 and M3 Vehicles.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Category M2 or M3 Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2004-08-12
Amendment Level:01 Series
Number of Pages:136
Vehicle Types:Bus
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324 )
Rev 2/Add.106/Rev.1/Corr.2
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
January 25, 2006
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 107-01
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
CATEGORY M OR M VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.98
Corr. 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 12.11.98
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 21.02.02
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 11.08.02
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.12.02
Corr. 1 to Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 13.11.02
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 30.10.03
01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.08.04

Regulation No. 107
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF CATEGORY M OR M
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitely discontinued
10. Transitional provisions
11. Names and addresses of technical services conducting approval tests, and of administrative
departments
12. Remarks concerning permissible axle loads or total vehicle mass

1. SCOPE
1.1. This Regulation applies to every single-deck, double-deck rigid or articulated vehicle of
Category M or M .
1.2. However, the requirements of this Regulation do not apply to the following vehicles:
1.2.1. Vehicles designed for the secure transport of persons, for example prisoners;
1.2.2. Vehicles specially designed for the carriage of injured or sick persons (ambulances);
1.2.3. Off-road vehicles.
1.2.4. Vehicles specially designed for the carriage of schoolchildren.
1.3. The requirements of this Regulation apply to the following vehicles only to the extent that
they are compatible with their intended use and function:
1.3.1. Vehicles designed for use by police, security and armed forces;
1.3.2. Vehicles which contain seating intended solely for use when the vehicle is stationary, but
which are not designed to carry more than 8 persons (excluding the driver) when in motion.
Examples of these include mobile libraries, mobile churches and mobile hospitality units.
The seats in such vehicles which are designated for use when the vehicle is in motion must
be clearly identified to users.
2. DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Regulation:
2.1. "Vehicle" means a vehicle of Category M or M within the scope defined by Paragraph 1,
above.
2.1.1. For vehicles having a capacity exceeding 22 passengers in addition to the driver, there are
three classes of vehicles:
2.1.1.1. "Class I" Vehicles constructed with areas for standing passengers, to allow frequent
passenger movement;
2.1.1.2. "Class II" Vehicles constructed principally for the carriage of seated passengers, and
designed to allow the carriage of standing passengers in the gangway and/or in an area
which does not exceed the space provided for two double seats;
2.1.1.3. "Class III" Vehicles constructed exclusively for the carriage of seated passengers.
2.1.1.4. A vehicle may be regarded as belonging in more than one Class. In such a case it may be
approved for each Class to which it corresponds.

2.2.2. "Bodywork type" for the purposes of type-approval as a separate technical unit means a
category of bodywork which do not essentially differ in the following aspects:
a) Bodywork manufacturer;
b) Vehicle concept (> 22 passengers or ≤ 22 passengers);
c) Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor);
d) Mass of the completely equipped vehicle bodywork, differing by 10%;
e) Specified types of vehicle on which the type of the bodywork can be installed.
2.3. "Approval of a vehicle or a separate technical unit" means the approval of a vehicle
type, or of a bodywork type as defined in Paragraph 2.2. with regard to the constructional
features specified in this Regulation.
2.4. "Superstructure" means the part of the bodywork which contributes to the strength of the
vehicle in the event of a roll-over accident.
2.5. "Service door" means a door intended for use by passengers in normal circumstances with
the driver seated.
2.6. "Double door" means a door affording two, or the equivalent of two, access passages.
2.7. "Sliding door" means a door which can be opened or closed only by sliding it along one or
more rectilinear or approximately rectilinear rails.
2.8. "Emergency door" means a door intended for use by passengers as an exit only
exceptionally, and in particular in an emergency.
2.9. "Emergency window" means a window, not necessarily glazed, intended for use as an exit
by passengers in an emergency only.
2.10. "Double or multiple window" means an emergency window which, when divided into two
or more parts by imaginary vertical line(s) (or plane(s)), exhibits two or more parts
respectively, each of which complies as to dimensions and access with the requirements
applicable to a normal emergency window.
2.11. "Escape hatch" means an opening in the roof or the floor intended for use as an
emergency exit by passengers in an emergency only.
2.12. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.13. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase, half-staircase or emergency
exit.
2.14. "Floor or deck" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver and any crew member, and may
support the seat mountings.

2.26. "Automatically-operated service door" means a power-operated service door which can
be opened (other than by means of emergency controls) only after a control is operated by a
passenger, and after activation of the controls by the driver, and which closes again
automatically.
2.27. "Starting prevention device" means a device which prevents the vehicle being driven
away from rest.
2.28. "Driver-operated service door" means a service door which normally is opened and
closed by the driver.
2.29. "Priority seat" means a seat with additional space for a passenger with reduced mobility
and marked accordingly.
2.30. "Boarding device" means a device to facilitate wheelchair access to vehicles, such as lifts,
ramps, etc.
2.31. "Kneeling system" means a system which lowers and lifts totally or partially the body of a
vehicle relative to the normal position of travel.
2.32. "Lift" means a device or system with a platform that can be raised and lowered to provide
passenger access between the floor of a passenger compartment and the ground or kerb.
2.33. "Ramp" means a device to bridge the gap between the floor of a passenger compartment
and the ground or kerb.
2.34. "Portable ramp" means a ramp that may be detached from the vehicle structure and
capable of being deployed by a driver or crew member.
2.35. "Demountable seat" means a seat that can be easily detached from the vehicle.
2.36. "Front" and "Rear" means the front or rear of the vehicle according to the normal direction
of travel and the terms; "forward", "foremost", "rearward" and "rearmost" etc. shall be
construed accordingly.
2.37. "Intercommunication staircase" means a staircase which allows communication between
the upper and lower decks.
2.38. "Separate compartment" means a space in the vehicle which may be occupied by
passengers or crew when the vehicle is in use and which is separated from any other
passenger or crew space, except where any partition allows passengers to see into the next
passenger space, and is connected by a gangway without doors.
2.39. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.

4.4.2 The number of this Regulation, followed by the Letter "R", a dash and the approval number,
to the right of the circle prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1.; and
4.4.3. An additional symbol consisting of the Roman numerals for the Class(es) in which the
vehicle or bodywork has been approved. A bodywork approved separately shall additionally
bear the Letter S.
4.5. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations
annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation, the symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a
case, the Regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the
Regulations under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted
approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol
prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle or bodywork data plate affixed
by the manufacturer.
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5. REQUIREMENTS
5.1. All vehicles shall comply with the provisions set out in Annex 3 to this Regulation (modified
by Annex 9 in the case of double-deck vehicles). Bodyworks approved separately shall
comply with Annex 5 and/or 10 as appropriate. The approval of a vehicle incorporating a
bodywork approved in accordance with Annex 10 shall be completed in accordance with
that Annex.
5.2. Vehicles of Class I shall be accessible for people with reduced mobility including wheelchair
users according to the technical provisions laid down in Annex 8.
5.3. Contracting Parties shall be free to choose the most appropriate solution to achieve
improved accessibility in vehicles other than those of Class I. However, if vehicles other
than those of Class I are equipped with devices for people with reduced mobility and/or
wheelchair users, they shall comply with the relevant requirements of Annex 8.
5.4. Nothing in this Regulation shall prevent the national authorities of a Contracting Party from
specifying that certain types of operation are reserved for vehicles which are equipped for
the transport of passengers with reduced mobility in accordance with Annex 8.

10. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
10.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 01 series of amendments.
10.2. No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national type approval of a
vehicle type approved to the 01 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.3. As from 36 months after the date of entry into force, Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the
requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 01 series of amendments.
10.4. Starting 72 months after the entry into force of the 01 series of amendments to this
Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national
registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of the
01 series of amendments to this Regulation.
11. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES CONDUCTING APPROVAL
TESTS, AND ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS
The Contracting Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to
the Secretariat of the United Nations the names and addresses of the technical services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant
approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of
approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
12. REMARKS CONCERNING PERMISSIBLE AXLE LOADS OR TOTAL VEHICLE MASS
Contracting Parties to the Agreement are not precluded by Article 3 of that Agreement from
prohibiting the registration on their territory of vehicle types, approved by another
Contracting Party in accordance with this Regulation whenever passenger and luggage
capacities result in the axle loads or the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the
vehicle being higher than the legal limits in force on their territory.

2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number and position of axles with double wheels: ...................................................................
2.3.2. Number and position of steered axles: .....................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward, or normal) : ...........................................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................
2.8.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left hand traffic.
2.9. Specify if the motor vehicle is intended to tow trailers and if the trailer is a semi-, drawbar or
centre-axle trailer.
3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) :..................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall)
3.2.1. For chassis with bodywork
3.2.1.1. Length : ...................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspension adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.4. Front overhang : ....................................................................................................................
3.2.1.5. Rear overhang : .....................................................................................................................
3.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle at its technically permissible maximum laden
mass in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical directions.

5.4. Number of passengers (seated): ..............................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A): ...................................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ....................................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ....................................................................................................................
5.5. Crew seat: yes/no .................................................................................................................
5.6. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.7. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase):
5.7.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.7.2. Upper deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.7.3. Lower deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.8. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ..................................................................................
5.9. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ....................................................................
5.10. Technical devices facilitating the access to vehicles (e.g. ramp, lifting platform, kneeling
system), if fitted:
5.11. Strength of Superstructure:
5.11.1. Regulation No. 66 type-approval number, if available: .............................................................
5.11.2. For superstructures not yet approved: ......................................................................................
5.11.2.1. Detailed description of the superstructure of the vehicle type including its dimensions,
configuration and constituent materials and its attachment to any chassis frame:
5.11.2.2. Drawings of the vehicle and those parts of its interior arrangement which have an influence
on the strength of the superstructure or on the residual space:
5.11.2.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle in running order in the longitudinal, transverse and
vertical directions:
5.11.2.4. Maximum distance between the centre lines of the outboard passenger seats.

ANNEX 1 − PART 1 − APPENDIX 2
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
relating to Regulation No. 107 relating to type-approval of bodywork for
Category M or M vehicles with regard to their general construction
The following information, if applicable, must be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings must be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, must show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance must be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle : .....................................................
1.3.1. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.2. Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.3.3. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of
the ECE type-approval mark.
1.5. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................
2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Driving cab (forward control or bonneted) : ............................................................................
2.8. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................

5.4. Number of passenger seats: .....................................................................................................
5.4.1. Total (A): ...................................................................................................................................
5.4.2. Upper deck (A ): ....................................................................................................................
5.4.3. Lower deck (A ): ....................................................................................................................
5.5. Number of service doors: ..........................................................................................................
5.6. Number of emergency exits (doors, windows, escape hatches, intercommunication staircase
and half staircase):
5.6.1. Total: .........................................................................................................................................
5.6.2. Upper deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.6.3. Lower deck: ...........................................................................................................................
5.7. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ..................................................................................
5.8. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ....................................................................
5.9. Technical devices facilitating the access to vehicles (e.g. ramp, lifting platform, kneeling
system), if fitted:
5.10. STRENGTH OF SUPERSTRUCTURE:
5.10.1. Regulation No. 66 type-approval number, if available: .............................................................
5.10.2. For superstructures not yet approved: ......................................................................................
5.10.2.1. Detailed description of the superstructure of the vehicle type including its dimensions,
configuration and constituent materials and its attachment to any chassis frame:
5.10.2.2. Drawings of the vehicle and those parts of its interior arrangement which have an influence
on the strength of the superstructure or on the residual space:
5.10.2.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle in running order in the longitudinal, transverse and
vertical directions:
5.10.2.4. Maximum distance between the centrelines of the outboard passenger seats.
5.11. Points of this Regulation to be accompanied and demonstrated for this separate technical
unit:

ANNEX 1 − PART 1 − APPENDIX 3
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
pursuant to Regulation No. 107 relating to type-approval of a
Category M or M vehicle where the bodywork has previously obtained the
type-approval as a separate technical unit, with respect to its general construction
The following information, if applicable, must be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings must be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, must show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance must be supplied.
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.2.1. Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.2.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle : .....................................................
1.3.1. Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.3. Location of marking: ..................................................................................................................
1.3.3.1. Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.3.2. Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle : ..............................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Dimensional drawing of the whole vehicle: ...............................................................................

4. STRENGTH OF SUPERSTRUCTURE:
4.1. Regulation No. 66 type-approval number, if available: .............................................................
4.2. For superstructure not yet approved: ........................................................................................
4.2.1. Detailed description of the superstructure of the vehicle type including its dimensions,
configuration and constituent materials and its attachment to any chassis frame:
4.2.2. Drawings of the vehicle and those parts of its interior arrangement which have an influence
on the strength of the superstructure or on the residual space:
4.3. Position of centre of gravity of the vehicle in running order in the longitudinal, transverse and
vertical directions:
4.4. Maximum distance between the centrelines of the outboard passenger seats.
Explanatory Notes:

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests: ................................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date:................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature:........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the approval authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
Addendum to Type-approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type-approval of a Vehicle with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1. Additional information
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor)
1.3. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.4. Length (overall): ..................mm
1.5. Width (overall): ....................mm
1.6. Height (overall):...................mm
1.7. Number of passengers (seated and standing):...............................................................................
1.7.1. Total (N): .........................................................................................................................................
1.7.2. Upper deck (N )
1.7.3. Lower deck (N )

ANNEX 1 − PART 2 − APPENDIX 2
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))
COMMUNICATION
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Communication concerning the: − type-approval
− extension of type-approval
− refusal of type-approval
− withdrawal of type-approval
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Type-approval Number:
Reason for extension:
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking:.................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle ..................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of fixing of the
ECE approval mark: ........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

1.5.
Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ........................................................................................
1.6.
Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ..........................................................................
1.7.
Technical devices facilitating access to vehicles (ramp, lifting platform, kneeling-system):...........
1.8.
Strength of superstructure
1.8.1.
Type-approval number, if required:.................................................................................................
2.
Remarks:.........................................................................................................................................
3.
Points accomplished and demonstrated for this separate technical unit:.......................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical service responsible for carrying out the tests: ................................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date:................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature:........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the approval authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to Type-approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type-approval for a Vehicle Type Fitted with a
Bodywork already Approved as a Separate Technical Unit
with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Category of vehicle (M , M ):
1.2. Technically permissible maximum mass (kg): ................................................................................
1.3. Position of centre of gravity of the laden vehicle in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical
directions:........................................................................................................................................
1.4. Superstructure strength
1.4.1. Type-approval number, if required:.................................................................................................
1.5. Approval granted in accordance with Annex 11, Paragraph 7.6.3.1. (A) /
Paragraph 7.6.3.1. (B)
2. Remarks:.........................................................................................................................................

Model C
(See Paragraph 4.4.3. of this Regulation)
a = 8 mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle bodywork shows that the bodywork type concerned has,
with regard to its constructional features, been approved separately in the Netherlands (E4) for Class III
as a separate bodywork (Letter S), pursuant to Regulation No. 107 under the approval number 012439.
The approval number indicates that the approval was granted according to the requirements of
Regulation No. 107 as amended by the 01 series of amendments.

7.2.2.2. The surface area S available for standing passengers is calculated by deducting from
S :
7.2.2.2.1. The area of all parts of the floor in which the slope exceeds the maximum permissible
values as determined in Paragraph 7.7.6;
7.2.2.2.2. The area of all parts which are not accessible to a standing passenger when all the seats
are occupied, with the exception of folding seats;
7.2.2.2.3. The area of all parts where the clear height above the floor is less than the gangway
height specified in Paragraph 7.7.5.1 (handholds shall not be taken into account in this
connection);
7.2.2.2.4. The area forward of a transverse vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating
surface of the driver's seat (in its rearmost position).
7.2.2.2.5. The area 300 mm in front of all seats other than folding seats, except where a
sideways-facing seat is situated above the wheel arch, in which case this dimension may
be reduced to 225 mm. In the case of variable seating arrangements, of any seat when
considered to be in use, see Paragraph 7.2.2.4.
7.2.2.2.6. Any surface not being excluded by the provisions in Paragraphs 7.2.2.2.1 to 7.2.2.2.5
above, on which it is not possible to place a rectangle of 400 mm × 300 mm;
7.2.2.2.7. In vehicles of Class II, the area in which standing is not allowed.
7.2.2.2.8. In double deck vehicles, any area of the upper deck.
7.2.2.2.9. The surface of the wheelchair space(s) when considered occupied by a wheelchair
user(s), see Paragraph 7.2.2.4.
7.2.2.3. There shall be on the vehicle a number (P) of seating places, other than folding seats,
which conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8. If the vehicle is of Class I, II or A
the number of seating places on each deck shall be at least equal to the number of
square metres of floor on that deck available for passengers and crew (if any) rounded
down to the nearest whole number; this number may, in vehicles of Class I, excluding
the upper deck, be reduced by 10%.
7.2.2.4. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity the area available for
standing passengers (S ) and the provisions of Paragraph 7.2.3 shall be determined for
each of the following conditions as applicable;
7.2.2.4.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.2. With all possible standing areas occupied followed by the remaining seats available for
seated passengers and, if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.2.2.4.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.

7.4.2.2. If the vehicle has a variable seating capacity, standing capacity or is designed to carry
one or more wheelchairs, in respect of any area of the passenger compartment in which
such variations occur, the loads in Paragraph 7.4.2.1 shall be the greater of:
a) The mass represented by the number of seated passengers that may occupy the
area including the mass of any demountable seats; or
b) The mass represented by the number of standing passengers that may occupy the
area; or
c) The mass of wheelchairs and users that may occupy the area at a total mass of
250 kg each placed at a height of 500 mm above the floor in the centre of each
wheelchair space; or
d) The mass of seated passengers, standing passengers and wheelchairs users and
any combination of these that may occupy the area.
7.4.3. The height of any step used to prevent a wheel of the vehicle from slipping sideways on
a tilt test rig shall not be greater than two-thirds of the distance between the surface upon
which the vehicle stands before it is tilted and that part of the rim of that wheel which is
nearest to the surface when the vehicle is loaded in accordance with Paragraph 7.4.2.
7.4.4. During the test, no parts of vehicle which are not intended to come into contact in normal
use shall not do so, nor shall any part become damaged or deranged.
7.4.5. Alternatively, a calculation method can be used to show that the vehicle will not overturn
under the conditions described in Paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.2. Such a calculation shall
take into account the following parameters:
7.4.5.1. Masses and dimensions;
7.4.5.2. Height of centre of gravity;
7.4.5.3. Spring rates;
7.4.5.4. Vertical and horizontal tyre rates;
7.4.5.5. Characteristics of the control of air pressure in the air springs;
7.4.5.6. Position of the centre of moments;
7.4.5.7. Torsion resistance of the body.
The method of calculation is described in Appendix 1 to this Annex.
7.5. Protection against Fire Risks
7.5.1. Engine Compartment
7.5.1.1. No flammable sound-proofing material or material liable to become impregnated with
fuel, lubricant or other combustible material shall be used in the engine compartment
unless the material is covered by an impermeable sheet.

7.5.3. Batteries
7.5.3.1. All batteries shall be well secured and easily accessible.
7.5.3.2. The battery compartment shall be separated from the passenger compartment and
driver's compartment and ventilated to outside air.
7.5.3.3. The battery terminals shall be protected against the risk of short circuit.
7.5.4. Fire Extinguisher and First-aid Equipment
7.5.4.1. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more fire extinguishers, one being near
the driver's seat. In vehicles of Class A or B the space shall be not less than 8 dm and
in Class I, II or III not less than 15 dm .
7.5.4.2. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more first-aid kits. The space provided
shall be not less than 7 dm , the minimum dimension shall not be less than 80 mm.
7.5.4.3. Fire extinguishers and first-aid kits may be secured against theft or vandalism (e.g. in an
internal locker or behind breakable glass), provided that the locations of these items are
clearly marked and means are provided for persons to extract them easily in an
emergency.
7.5.5. Materials
7.6. Exits
No flammable material shall be permitted within 100 mm of the exhaust system or any
other significant source of heat unless the material is effectively shielded. Where
necessary, shielding shall be provided to prevent grease or other flammable materials
coming into contact with exhaust system or other significant heat sources. For the
purposes of this Paragraph, a flammable material is considered to be one which is not
designed to withstand the temperatures likely to be encountered in that location.
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two, either two service doors or one
service door and one emergency door. The minimum number of service doors required
is as follows:
Number of
passengers
Number of service doors
CLASS I & A CLASS II CLASS III & B
9 − 45
46 − 70
71 − 100
> 100
1
2
3
4
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
7.6.1.2. The minimum number of service doors in each rigid section of an articulated vehicle shall
be one except that this minimum number shall be two in the case of front section of an
articulated vehicle of Class I.

7.6.1.7.3. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2, the exits provided
for the driver's compartment shall not count as one of the doors required by
Paragraphs 7.6.1.1 to 7.6.1.2, nor as one of the exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4,
except in the case mentioned in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2. Paragraphs from
7.6.3 to 7.6.7, 7.7.1, 7.7.2 and 7.7.7 shall not apply to such exits.
7.6.1.8. If the driver's compartment and seats adjacent to it are accessible from the main
passenger compartment by means of a passageway complying with one of the
conditions described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1, no external exit is required from the driver's
compartment.
7.6.1.9. If a driver's door or other exit from the compartment is provided in the circumstances
described in Paragraph 7.6.1.8 it may only count as an exit for passengers provided:
7.6.1.9.1. It is not necessary to squeeze between the steering wheel and the driver's seat in order
to make use of that exit;
7.6.1.9.2. It satisfies the requirements relating to the dimensions of emergency door indicated in
Paragraph 7.6.3.1.
7.6.1.10. Paragraphs 7.6.1.8 and 7.6.1.9 do not preclude there being a door or other barrier
between the driver's seat and the passenger compartment provided that this barrier can
be released quickly by the driver in an emergency. A driver's door in a compartment
protected by such a barrier shall not be counted as an exit for passengers.
7.6.1.11. Escape hatches, additional to the emergency doors and windows, shall be fitted in
vehicles of Class II, III and B. They may also be fitted in the case of Class I and A
vehicles. The minimum number of hatches shall be:
7.6.2. Siting of Exits
Number of passengers
Number of hatches
not exceeding 50 1
exceeding 50 2
Vehicles having a capacity exceeding 22 passenger seats shall meet the requirements
shown below. Vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers may meet either
the requirements shown below or those contained in Annex 7, Paragraph 1.2.
7.6.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of traffic in the country in which the vehicle is
to be licensed for operation and at least one of them shall be in the forward half of the
vehicle. This does not preclude the provision of a door in the rear face of a vehicle for
use by wheelchair passengers.
7.6.2.2. Two of the doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1 shall be separated such that the
distance between transverse vertical planes through their centres of area is not less than
40% of the overall length of the passenger compartment. If one of these two doors
forms part of a double door this distance shall be measured between the two doors
which are furthest apart.

7.6.4. Technical Requirements for All Service Doors
7.6.4.1. Every service door shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
the vehicle when the vehicle is stationary (but not necessarily when the vehicle is
moving). However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the possibility
of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can always be opened from
the inside.
7.6.4.2. Every control or device for opening a door from the outside shall be between 1000 mm
and 1500 mm from the ground and not more than 500 mm from the door. In vehicles of
Class I, II and III every control or device for opening a door from the inside shall be
between 1000 mm and 1500 mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest the
control and be not more than 500 mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls
located within the driver's area.
7.6.4.3. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted that if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while
the vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.
7.6.4.4. If a manually-operated service door is fitted with a slam lock it shall be of the two-stage
type.
7.6.4.5. On the inside of a service door there shall not be any device intended to cover the inside
steps when the door is closed. This does not exclude the presence in the step well,
when the door is closed, of the door operating mechanism and other equipment attached
to the inside of the door which does not form an extension of the floor on which
passengers may stand. This mechanism and equipment should not be dangerous for
the passengers.
7.6.4.6. If the direct view is not adequate, optical or other devices shall be installed to enable the
driver to detect from his seat the presence of a passenger in the immediate interior and
exterior vicinity of every side service door which is not an automatically-operated service
door.
In the case of a service door in the rear face of the vehicle not exceeding 22 passengers,
this requirement is satisfied if the driver is able to detect the presence of a person 1.3 m
tall standing 1 m behind the vehicle.
7.6.4.7. Every door which opens towards the interior of the vehicle and its mechanism shall be so
constructed that its movement is not likely to cause injury to passengers in normal
conditions of use. Where necessary, appropriate protection devices shall be fitted.
7.6.4.8. If a service door is located adjacent to a door to a toilet or other internal compartment the
service door shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this requirement
shall not apply if the door is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5 km/h.
7.6.4.9. In the case of vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers, the service
doors of which are in the rear face of the vehicle, the leaves shall not be capable of
being opened more than 115° nor less than 85° and, when open, shall be capable of
being held automatically in that position. This does not preclude the ability to override
that stop and open the door beyond that angle when it is safe to do so; for example, to
enable reversing against a high platform for loading or to open the doors through 270° to
allow a clear loading area behind the vehicle.

7.6.5.6. The construction and control system of every power-operated service door shall be such
that a passenger is unlikely to be injured by the door or trapped in the door as it closes.
7.6.5.6.1. This requirement shall be considered satisfied if the following two requirements are met:
7.6.5.6.1.1. The first requirement is that when the closing of the door at any measuring point
described in Annex 6 is resisted by a clamping force not exceeding 150 N, the door shall
reopen automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remain open until a closing control is operated. The
clamping force may be measured by any method to the satisfaction of the competent
authority. Guidelines are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation. The peak force may be
higher than 150 N for a short time provided that it does not exceed 300 N. The
reopening system may be checked by means of a test bar having a section of height
60 mm, width 30 mm with corners radiused to 5 mm.
7.6.5.6.1.2. The second requirement is that whenever the doors are closed onto the wrist or fingers
of a passenger:
7.6.5.6.1.2.1. The door reopens automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remains open until a closing control is operated, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.2. The wrist or fingers can be readily extracted from the doors without risk of injury to the
passenger. This requirement may be checked by hand, or by means of the test bar
mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1, tapered at one end over a length of 300 mm from a
thickness of 30 mm to a thickness of 5 mm. It shall not be treated with polish nor
lubricated. If the door traps the bar it shall be capable of being easily removed, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.3. The door is maintained at a position allowing the free passage of a test bar having a
section of height 60 mm, width 20 mm, with corners radiused to 5 mm. This position
shall not be more than 30 mm distant from the fully closed position.
7.6.5.6.2. In the case of a front service door the requirement of Paragraph 7.6.5.6 shall be
considered satisfied if the door:
7.6.5.6.2.1. Fulfils the requirements of Paragraphs 7.6.5.6.1.1 and 7.6.5.6.1.2, or
7.6.5.6.2.2. Is fitted with soft edges; these shall not, however be so soft that if the doors are closed
on the test bar mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1 the rigid structure of the doors will
reach the fully closed position.
7.6.5.7. Where a power-operated service door is held closed only by the continued application of
the power supply there shall be provided a visual warning device to inform the driver of
any failure in the power supply to the doors.
7.6.5.8. A starting prevention device, if fitted, shall be effective only at speeds of less than 5 km/h
and shall be incapable of operation above that speed.
7.6.5.9. If the vehicle is not fitted with a starting prevention device, an audible warning to the
driver shall be activated if the vehicle is driven away from rest when any power-operated
service door is not fully closed. This audible warning shall be activated at a speed
exceeding 5 km/h for doors complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.2.3.

7.6.6.3.3. A door that has closed automatically in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.3.1 shall be
capable of being opened again by a passenger in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.2;
this shall not apply if the driver has deactivated the opening controls.
7.6.6.3.4. After deactivation of the opening controls of the automatically-operated service doors by
the driver, open doors shall close in accordance with Paragraphs 7.6.6.3.1 and 7.6.6.3.2.
7.6.6.4. Inhibition of the Automatic Closing Process on Doors Marked for Special Service, e.g. for
Passengers with Prams, Passengers with Reduced Mobility, etc.
7.6.6.4.1. The driver shall be able to inhibit the automatic closing process by actuation of a special
control. A passenger shall also be able to inhibit the automatic closing process directly
by pressing a special push-button.
7.6.6.4.2. The inhibition of the automatic closing process shall be indicated to the driver, e.g. by a
visual tell-tale.
7.6.6.4.3. Re-establishment of the automatic closing process shall in any case be capable of being
done by the driver.
7.6.6.4.4. Paragraph 7.6.6.3 shall apply to the subsequent closing of the door.
7.6.7. Technical Requirements for Emergency Doors
7.6.7.1. Emergency doors shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
when the vehicle is stationary. However, this requirement shall not be construed as
precluding the possibility of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can
always be opened from the inside by the use of the normal opening mechanism.
7.6.7.2. Emergency doors, during their use as such, shall not be of the power-operated type
unless, once the control prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1 has been actuated and returned
to its normal position, the doors do not close again until the driver subsequently operates
a closing control. They shall also not be of the sliding type except in the case of vehicles
having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers. For these vehicles a sliding door, which
has been shown to be capable of being opened without the use of tools after a frontal
barrier collision test in accordance with Regulation No. 33, can be accepted as an
emergency door.
7.6.7.3. Every control or device for opening an emergency door from the outside shall be
between 1000 mm and 1500 mm from the ground and not more than 500 mm from the
door. In vehicles of Classes I, II and III every control or device for opening an
emergency door from the inside shall be between 1000 mm and 1500 mm from the
upper surface of the floor or step nearest to the control and be not more than 500 mm
from the door. This shall not apply to controls located within the driver's area.
7.6.7.4. Hinged emergency doors fitted to the side of the vehicle shall be hinged at their forward
edge and shall open outwards. Check strap, chains or other restraining devices shall be
permitted, provided that they do not prevent the door from opening to, and remaining
open at, an angle of at least 100°. If a means is provided sufficient to give free passage
to the emergency door access gauge, the 100° minimum angle requirement shall not
apply.

7.6.9. Technical Requirements for Escape Hatches
7.6.9.1. Every escape hatch shall operate so as not to obstruct the clear passage from inside or
outside the vehicle.
7.6.9.2. Roof escape hatches shall be ejectable, hinged or made of readily-breakable safety
glass. Floor hatches shall be either hinged or ejectable and shall be fitted with an
audible warning device to warn the driver when it is not securely closed. The floor
escape hatch lock, and not the movement of the hatch itself, shall actuate this device.
Floor escape hatches shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However this
requirement shall not apply if the floor hatch is locked automatically when the vehicle is
moving at a speed exceeding 5 km/h.
7.6.9.3. Ejectable types shall not become totally detached from the vehicle when operated such
that the hatch is not a danger to other road users. The operation of ejectable escape
hatches shall be such that inadvertent operation is effectively prevented. Floor ejectable
hatches shall eject only into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.4. Hinged escape hatches shall hinge along the edge towards the front or rear of the
vehicle and shall hinge through an angle of at least 100°. Hinged floor escape hatches
shall hinge into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.5. Escape hatches shall be capable of being easily opened or removed from the inside and
from the outside. However, this requirement shall not be construed as precluding the
possibility of locking the escape hatch for the purpose of securing the vehicle when
unattended, provided that the escape hatch can always be opened or removed from the
inside by the use of the normal opening or removal mechanism. In the case of a
readily-breakable hatch, a device shall be provided adjacent to the hatch, readily
available to persons inside the vehicle, to ensure that the hatch can be broken.
7.6.10. Technical Requirements for Retractable Steps
Retractable steps, if fitted shall comply with the following requirements:
7.6.10.1. The operation of retractable steps may be synchronised with that of the corresponding
service or emergency door;
7.6.10.2. When the door is closed no part of the retractable step shall project more than 10 mm
beyond the adjacent line of the body work;
7.6.10.3. When the door is open and the retractable step is in the extended position, the surface
area shall conform to the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.7 of this Annex;
7.6.10.4. In the case of a power-operated step, it shall not be possible for the vehicle to move from
rest, under its own power, when the step is in the extended position. In the case of a
manually operated step, an audible indication shall alert the driver when the step is not
fully retracted.
7.6.10.5. A power-operated step shall not be capable of being extended when the vehicle is in
motion. If the device to operate the step fails, the step shall retract and remain in the
retracted position. However, the operation of the corresponding door shall not be
hindered in the event of such a failure or by the step being damaged or obstructed.

7.7.1.2. The height of the upper rectangular panel shall be for the relevant class of vehicle and
category as prescribed in the table below. As an alternative, a trapezoidal section,
having a height of 500 mm, forming the transition between the width of the upper and the
lower panel, may be used. In this case, the total height of the rectangular section and
this trapezoidal section of the upper panel shall be 1100 mm for all classes of vehicles
with a capacity exceeding 22 passengers, and 950 mm for the classes of vehicle with a
capacity not exceeding 22 passengers.
Vehicle
Class
Class A 950
Height of the upper panel (mm) (Dimension
'A' Figure 1)
Alternative trapezoidal section
950
Total height
Class B 700 950 1400
Class I 1100 1100 1800
Class II 950 1100 1650
Class III 850 1100 1550
Width
1650 550
7.7.1.3. When the centreline of this dual panel has traversed a distance of 300 mm from its
starting position and the dual panel is touching the step surface it shall be retained in that
position.
7.7.1.4. The cylindrical figure (see Annex 4, Figure 6) used for testing the gangway clearance
shall then be moved starting from the gangway, in the probable direction of motion of a
person leaving the vehicle, until its centreline has reached the vertical plane which
contains the top edge of the uppermost step, or until a plane tangential to the upper
cylinder touches the dual panel, whichever occurs first, and retained in that position (see
Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.5. Between the cylindrical figure, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.4, and the dual
panel, at the position set out in Paragraph 7.7.1.3, there shall be a free space whose
upper and lower limits are shown in Annex 4, Figure 2. This free space shall permit the
free passage of a vertical panel whose form and dimensions are the same as the
cylindrical form (Paragraph 7.7.5.1), central section and a thickness of no more than
20 mm. This panel shall be moved, from the cylindrical form tangential position, until its
external side is in contact with the dual panel interior side, touching the plane or planes
defined by the step upper edges, in the probable direction of motion of a person using
the entrance (see Annex 4, Figure 2).
7.7.1.6. The free passage clearance for this figure shall not include any space extending to
300 mm in front of any uncompressed seat cushion of a forward or rearward facing seat,
or 225 mm in the case of seats fitted at wheel arches, and to the height of the top of the
seat cushion.

7.7.2.2. The base of the first cylinder shall be within the projection of the second cylinder.
7.7.2.3. Where folding seats are installed alongside this passage, the free space for the cylinder
shall be required to be determined when the seat is in the position for use.
7.7.2.4. As an alternative to the dual cylinder, the gauging device described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1
may be used (see Annex 4, Figure 6).
7.7.3. Access to Emergency Windows
7.7.3.1. It shall be possible to move a test gauge from the gangway to the exterior of the vehicle
through every emergency window.
7.7.3.2. The direction of motion of the test gauge shall be in the direction in which a passenger
evacuating the vehicle would be expected to move. The test gauge shall be kept
perpendicular to that direction of motion.
7.7.3.3. The test gauge shall be in the form of a thin plate having a size of 600 mm × 400 mm
with corners radiused by 200 mm. However, in the case of an emergency window in the
rear face of the vehicle, the test gauge may alternatively have a size of 1400 mm ×
350 mm with corners radiused by 175 mm.
7.7.4. Access to Escape Hatches
7.7.4.1. Escape Hatches in the Roof
7.7.4.1.1. Except in the case of Class I vehicles, at least one escape hatch shall be located such
that a four-sided truncated pyramid having a side angle of 20° and a height of 1600 mm
touches part of a seat or equivalent support. The axis of the pyramid shall be vertical
and its smaller section shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch. Supports
may be foldable or moveable provided they can be locked in their position of use. This
position shall be taken for verification.
7.7.4.1.2. When the structural thickness of the roof is more than 150 mm, the smaller section of the
pyramid shall contact the aperture area of the escape hatch at the level of the outside
surface of the roof.
7.7.4.2. Escape Hatches in the Floor
In the case of an escape hatch fitted in the floor, the hatch shall give direct and free
access to the exterior of the vehicle and be fitted where there is a clear space above the
hatch equivalent to the height of the gangway. Any heat source or moving components
shall be at least 500 mm from any part of the hatch aperture.
It shall be possible to move a test gauge in the form of a thin plate having dimensions
600 mm × 400 mm with corners radiused by 200 mm in a horizontal position from a
height above the floor of the vehicle of 1 m to the ground.

7.7.5.3. On vehicles of Class III the seats on one side or on both sides of the gangway may be
moveable laterally, it being then possible to reduce the width of the gangway to a figure
corresponding to a lower cylinder diameter of 220 mm, on condition that the operation of
a control on each seat, readily accessible to a person standing in the gangway, shall be
sufficient to cause the seat to return easily and, if possible, automatically, even when it is
loaded, to the position corresponding to a minimum width of 300 mm.
7.7.5.4. On articulated vehicles, the gauging device defined in Paragraph 7.7.5.1 shall be able to
pass unobstructed through the articulated section. No part of the soft covering of that
section, including parts of bellows, shall project into the gangway.
7.7.5.5. Steps may be fitted in the gangways. The width of such steps shall not be less than the
width of the gangway at the top of the steps.
7.7.5.6. Folding seats allowing passengers to sit in the gangway shall not be permitted.
7.7.5.7. Laterally-sliding seats which in one position encroach on the gangway shall not be
permitted except on vehicles of Class III and subject to the conditions prescribed in
Paragraph 7.7.5.3.
7.7.5.8. In the case of vehicles to which Paragraph 7.7.1.9 applies, a gangway shall not be
necessary provided the access dimensions specified in that paragraph are respected.
7.7.5.9. The surface of gangways and access passages shall be slip-resistant.
7.7.6. Slope of Gangway
The slope of the gangway, measured with the vehicle unladen on a horizontal surface,
and with the kneeling system not activated, shall not exceed:
7.7.6.1. 8% in the case of a vehicle of Class I, II or A, or
7.7.6.2. (Reserved)
7.7.6.3. 12.5% in the case of a vehicle of Class III and B, and
7.7.6.4. 5% in the case of the plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of symmetry of vehicle.

7.7.7.5. The width and shape of every step shall be such that a rectangle as indicated in the table
below can be placed on that step with not more than 5% of the area of the appropriate
rectangle overhanging the step. At a double doorway each half of the doorway shall fulfil
this requirement.
Number of passengers > 22 ≤ 22
Area First step (mm) 400 × 300 400 × 200
Other steps (mm) 400 × 200 400 × 200
7.7.7.6. All steps shall have a slip-resistant surface.
7.7.7.7. The maximum slope of the step in any direction shall not exceed 5% when the unladen
vehicle is standing on a smooth and horizontal surface in its normal condition of travel (in
particular any kneeling device shall not be engaged).
7.7.8. Passenger Seats and Space for Seated Passengers
7.7.8.1. Minimum Seat Width
7.7.8.1.1. The minimum width of the seat cushion, Dimension F (Annex 4, Figure 9), measured
from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that seating position, shall be:
Class I, II, A, B
Class III
200 mm
225 mm
7.7.8.1.2. The minimum width of the available space for each seating position, Dimension G
(Annex 4, Figure 9), measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that
seating position at height between 270 mm and 650 mm above the uncompressed seat
cushion, shall be not less than:
Individual seats:
Continuous rows of seats for two or more passengers
250 mm
225 mm
7.7.8.1.3. For vehicles 2.35 m in width or less, the width of the available space for each seating
position, measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that seating
position at heights between 270 mm and 650 mm above the uncompressed seat cushion
shall be 200 mm (see Annex 4, Figure 9A). In case of compliance with this Paragraph
the requirements of Paragraph 7.7.8.1.2. shall not apply.
7.7.8.1.4. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers, in the case of seats
adjacent to the wall of the vehicle, the available space does not include, in its upper part,
a triangular area 20 mm wide by 100 mm high (see Annex 4, Figure 10). In addition, the
space needed for safety belts and their anchorages and for the sun visor should be
considered as exempted.

7.7.8.5. Space for Seated Passengers (see Annex 4, Figure 13)
7.7.8.5.1. A minimum clear space in front of each passenger seat shall be provided as shown in
Annex 4, Figure 13. The seat-back of another preceding seat or a partition whose
contour corresponds approximately to that of the inclined seat back may intrude into this
space as provided by Paragraph 7.7.8.4. The local presence in this space of seat legs
shall also be permitted provided that adequate space remains for the passenger's
feet. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles with up to
22 passengers, intrusion of the dashboard, instrument panel, windscreen, sun visor, seat
belts and seat belt anchorages shall be allowed.
7.7.8.5.2. However, at least two in Class I and Class II and one in Class A forward or rearward
facing seats specifically intended and marked for passengers with reduced mobility other
than wheelchair users shall be provided in that part of the bus which is most suitable for
boarding. These seats shall be designed for passengers with reduced mobility, so as to
provide enough space, shall have suitably designed and placed handholds to facilitate
entry and exit of the seat and provide communication in accordance with
Paragraph 7.7.10 from the seated position.
7.7.8.5.2.1. These seats shall provide at least 110% of the space specified in Paragraph 7.7.8.5.1.
7.7.8.6. Free Height Over Seating Positions
7.7.8.6.1. Over each seating position and, except in the case of the front row seats in a vehicle not
exceeding 22 passengers, its associated foot space, there shall be measured a free
space with a height of not less than 900 mm measured from the highest point of the
uncompressed seat cushion and at least 1350 mm from the mean level of the floor in the
foot space. In the case of vehicles to which Paragraph 7.7.1.10 applies, this dimension
may be reduced to 1200 mm measured from the floor.
7.7.8.6.2. This free space shall be extended over the zone defined:
7.7.8.6.2.1. By longitudinal vertical planes 200 mm either side of the median vertical plane of the
seating position, and
7.7.8.6.2.2. By a transverse vertical plane through the rearmost upper point of the seat back and by
a transverse vertical plane 280 mm in front of the foremost point of the uncompressed
seat cushion, measured in each case at the median vertical plane of the seating position.
7.7.8.6.3. From the edges of the free space defined in Paragraph 7.7.8.6.1 and 7.7.8.6.2, the
following zones may be excluded:
7.7.8.6.3.1. In the case of the upper part of the outboard seats, a zone with a rectangular
cross-section 150 mm in height and 100 mm in width (see Annex 4, Figure 14).
7.7.8.6.3.2. In the case of the upper part of outboard seats, a zone with a triangular cross-section
whose apex is situated 650 mm from the floor and whose base is 100 mm in width (see
Annex 4, Figure 15);
7.7.8.6.3.3. In the case of the foot well of an outboard seat, a zone of a cross-sectional area not
exceeding, 0.02 m (0.03 m for Class I low floor vehicles) and having a maximum width
not exceeding 100 mm (150 mm for Class I low floor vehicles) (see Annex 4, Figure 16).

7.7.10. Hot Drink Machines and Cooking Equipment
7.7.10.1. Hot drink machines and cooking equipment shall be so installed or guarded that no hot
food or drink is likely to be spilled on any passenger due to emergency braking or
cornering forces.
7.7.10.2. On vehicles fitted with hot-drink machines or cooking equipment, all passenger seats
shall have adequate provision for setting down hot food or drink whilst the vehicle is in
motion.
7.7.11. Doors to Interior Compartments
Every door to a toilet or other interior compartment:
7.7.11.1. Shall be self-closing, and shall not be fitted with any device to hold it open if, when open,
it could obstruct passengers in an emergency.
7.7.11.2. Shall, when open, not conceal any handle, control device for opening or obligatory
marking associated with any service door, emergency door, emergency exit, fire
extinguisher or first aid kit;
7.7.11.3. Shall be provided with a means to enable the door to be opened from outside the
compartment in an emergency.
7.7.11.4. Shall not be capable of being locked from the outside unless it can always be opened
from the inside.
7.8. Artificial Lighting
7.8.1. Internal electrical lighting shall be provided for the illumination of:
7.8.1.1. All passenger compartments, crew compartments, toilet compartments and the
articulated section of an articulated vehicle;
7.8.1.2. Any step or steps;
7.8.1.3. The access to any exits and the area immediately around the service door(s);
7.8.1.4. The internal markings and internal controls of all exits;
7.8.1.5. All places where there are obstacles.
7.8.2. There shall be at least two internal lighting circuits such that failure of one will not affect
the other. A circuit serving only permanent entry and exit lighting can be considered as
one of these circuits.
7.8.3. Provisions shall be made to protect the driver from the effects of glare and reflections
caused by artificial interior lighting.

7.11.1.4. The clearance between a handrail or handhold and the adjacent part of the vehicle body
or walls shall be of at least 40 mm. However, in the case of a handrail on a door or a
seat, or in the access passage of a vehicle of Class II, III or B, a minimum clearance of
35 mm shall be permitted.
7.11.1.5. The surface of every handrail, handhold or stanchion shall be colour contrasting and
slip-resistant.
7.11.2. Handrails and Handholds for Standing Passengers
7.11.2.1. Handrails and/or handholds shall be provided in sufficient number for each point of the
floor area intended, in conformity with Paragraph 7.2.2 for standing passengers. For this
purpose, strap hangers, if fitted, may be counted as handholds, provided that they are
held in their position by suitable means. This requirement shall be deemed to be fulfilled
if, for all possible sites of the testing device shown in Annex 4, Figure 20 hereto, at least
two handrails or handholds can be reached by the device's moveable arm. The testing
device may be freely turned about its vertical axis.
7.11.2.2. When applying the procedure described in Paragraph 7.11.2.1, only such handrails and
handholds shall be considered as are not less than 800 mm and not more than 1900 mm
above the floor.
7.11.2.3. For every position that can be occupied by a standing passenger, at least one of the two
required handrails or handholds shall be not more than 1500 mm above the level of the
floor at that position. This does not apply to an area adjacent to a door where the door
or its mechanism in open position would prevent the use of this handhold.
7.11.2.4. Areas which can be occupied by standing passengers and are not separated by seats
from the side walls or rear wall of the vehicle shall be provided with horizontal handrails
parallel to the walls and installed at a height of between 800 mm and 1500 mm above
the floor.
7.11.3. Handrails and Handholds for Service Doors
7.11.3.1. Door apertures shall be fitted with handrails and/or handholds on each side. In the case
of double doors this requirement can be fulfilled by fitting one central stanchion or one
central handrail.
7.11.3.2. Handrails and/or handholds to be provided for service doors shall be such that they
include a grasping point available to a person standing on the ground adjacent to the
service door or on any of the successive steps. Such points shall be situated, vertically,
between 800 mm and 1100 mm above the ground or above the surface of each step,
and horizontally:
7.11.3.2.1. For the position appropriate to a person standing on the ground, not more than 400 mm
inwards from the outer edge of the first step; and
7.11.3.2.2. For the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the
step considered, and not more than 600 mm inwards from that same edge.

ANNEX 3 − APPENDIX
VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION
1. A vehicle may be shown to meet the requirement specified in Paragraph 7.4 of Annex 3 by a
calculation method approved by the technical service for conducting the tests.
2. The technical service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
parts of the vehicle to verify the assumption made in the calculation.
3. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
3.1. The vehicle shall be represented by a spatial system.
3.2. Due to the location of the centre of gravity of the body of the vehicle and the different spring rates
of the vehicle suspension and tyres, axles do not generally lift simultaneously on one side of the
vehicle as a result of lateral acceleration. Therefore, lateral tilting of the body over each axle has
to be ascertained on the supposition that the wheels of the other axle(s) remain on the ground.
3.3. To simplify matters, it shall be assumed that the centre of gravity of the unsprung masses lies in
the longitudinal plane of the vehicle on the line passing through the centre of the wheel rotation
axle. The small shifting of the roll centre due to deflection of the axle can be neglected. The air
suspension control should not be taken into account.
3.4. The following parameters, at least, shall be taken into account:
Vehicle data such as wheel base, tread width and sprung/unsprung masses, location of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle, deflection and rebound and the spring rate of the vehicle
suspension, considering also non-linearity, horizontal and vertical spring rate of the tyres, torsion
of the superstructure, location of the roll centre of the axles.
4. VALIDITY OF THE CALCULATION METHOD
4.1. The validity of the calculation method shall be established to the satisfaction of the technical
service, e.g. on the basis of a comparative test with a similar vehicle.

Figure 2
Access to Service Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.4)

Figure 5
Access to Emergency Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.2.)

Figure 7
Forward Limitation of the Gangway
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1.1)

G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
225
250
Figure 9
Dimensions of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.)
G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
200
200
Figure 9A
Dimensions of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.3)

H = 400/500 mm
K = 350 mm min
Figure 11
Seat-cushion Depth and Height
(see Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.7.8.2 and 7.7.8.3)

Figure 13
Space for Seated Passengers
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.5.)

Figure 15
Permitted Intrusion above a Seating Position
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.2)

Figure 17
Permitted Intrusion at Rear Corner Seats
View of the Prescribed Area of the Seat (Two Side Seats at the Rear)
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.4)

Figure 20
Testing Device for Siting of Handholds
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.11.2.1)

Figure 23
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.4)
Figure 23A
Pictogram for Wheelchair Users
Figure 23B
Pictogram for Passengers with Reduced
Mobility other than Wheelchair Users

4. TEST METHODS
4.1. Each type of vehicle shall be verified according to one of the following methods at the
discretion of the manufacturer or according to an alternative method approved by the
competent authority:
4.1.1. A roll-over test on a complete vehicle in accordance with the procedure set out in Appendix 1;
4.1.2. A roll-over test on a body section or sections representative of a complete vehicle in
accordance with Appendix 2;
4.1.3. A pendulum test on a body section or sections in accordance with Appendix 3; or
4.1.4. A verification of strength of superstructure by calculation in accordance with Appendix 4.
4.2. If the methods prescribed in Paragraphs 4.1.2, 4.1.3 or 4.1.4 cannot take account of a
significant variation between one section of the vehicle and another, for example an
air-conditioning installation on the roof, additional test methods or calculations shall be
submitted to the technical service. In the absence of such additional information the vehicle
may be required to undergo the method of test prescribed in Paragraph 4.1.1.
5. RESIDUAL SPACE
5.1. For the purpose of Paragraph 2.1., the residual space means the volume within the passenger
compartment which is swept when the transverse vertical plane defined in Figure 1(a) is moved
in a straight line or lines so that the Point "R" in Figure 1(a) passes from the "R" point of the
rearmost outer seat, through the "R" point of every intermediate outer seat to the "R" point of
the foremost outer passenger seats.
5.2. The position of the "R" point shown in Figure 1(b) shall be assumed to be 500 mm above the
floor under the passengers’ feet, 300 mm from the inside surface of the side of the vehicle and
100 mm in front of the seat back in the centreline of the outboard seats.
6. INTERPRETATION OF TEST RESULTS
6.1. If body sections are tested, the technical service responsible for conducting the test shall
ensure that the vehicle complies with the conditions specified in Sub appendix 2 of Appendix 3,
which contains requirements for the distribution of the main energy absorbing parts of the
superstructure of a vehicle.

ANNEX 5 − APPENDIX 1
ROLL-OVER TEST ON A COMPLETE VEHICLE
1. TEST CONDITION
1.1. While the vehicle need not be in a fully finished condition it shall be representative of production
vehicles in respect of the mass of the vehicle in running order, centre of gravity and distribution
of mass as declared by the manufacturer.
1.2. Driver and passenger seats shall be placed with their backs, if adjustable, in their most upright
position. The height of the seats, if adjustable, shall be the highest position.
1.3. Every door and opening window of the vehicle shall be closed and latched but not
locked. Windows and glazed bulkheads or screens may be glazed or unglazed at the applicant’s
discretion. If they are unglazed, an equivalent weight shall be imposed on the vehicle at the
appropriate positions.
1.4. Tyres shall be inflated to the pressure prescribed by the vehicle manufacturer and, if the vehicle
has an air-spring suspension system, the air supply to the air spring shall be ensured. Any
automatic levelling system shall be adjusted with the vehicle on a flat, horizontal surface to the
level specified by the manufacturer. Shock absorbers shall operate normally.
1.5. Fuel, battery acid and other combustible, explosive or corrosive materials may be substituted by
other materials provided that the conditions prescribed in Paragraph 1.1. above are met.
1.6. The impact area shall consist of concrete or other rigid material.
2. TEST PROCEDURE (SEE FIGURE 1)
2.1. The vehicle shall be placed on a platform in order to be rolled over on one side. This side shall
be specified by the manufacturer.
2.2. The position of the vehicle on the platform shall be such that when the platform is horizontal:
2.2.1. The axis of rotation is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle;
2.2.2. The axis of rotation is 0 mm to 200 mm from the vertical step between the two levels.
2.2.3. The axis of rotation is 0 mm to 100 mm from the side of the tyre at its widest axle,
2.2.4. The axis of rotation is 0 mm to 100 mm below the horizontal starting plane on which the tyres
stand, and
2.2.5. The difference between the height of the horizontal starting plane and the horizontal lower plane
on which the impact takes place shall not be less than 800 mm.
2.3. Means shall be provided to prevent the vehicle moving along its longitudinal axis.
2.4. The test apparatus shall prevent the tyres from sliding sideways in the direction of roll-over by
means of side walls.
2.5. The test apparatus shall ensure the simultaneous lifting of the axles of the vehicle.

1. TEST CONDITIONS
ANNEX 5 − APPENDIX 2
ROLL-OVER TEST ON A BODYWORK SECTION
1.1. The bodywork section shall represent a section of the unladen vehicle.
1.2. The geometry of the bodywork section, the axis of rotation and the position of the centre of
gravity in the vertical and lateral directions shall be representative of the complete vehicle.
1.3. The mass of the bodywork section, expressed as a percentage of the mass in running order of
the vehicle, shall be specified by the manufacturer.
1.4. The energy to be absorbed by the bodywork section, expressed as a percentage of the total
energy which would be absorbed by a complete vehicle, shall be specified by the manufacturer.
1.5. The percentage of total energy described in Paragraph 1.4. shall not be less than the percentage
of total kerb mass of the vehicle in running order described in Paragraph 1.3.
1.6. The test conditions specified in Paragraph 1.6. of Appendix 1 and in Paragraphs 2.1. to 2.6. of
Appendix 3 shall apply.
2. TEST PROCEDURE
2.1. The test procedure shall be the same as the procedure described in Appendix 1, except that the
bodywork section described above shall be used instead of a complete vehicle.

3. DESCRIPTION OF THE PENDULUM
3.1. The striking face of the pendulum shall be made of steel, or plywood 20 mm ± 5 mm thick, and
the mass of the pendulum shall be evenly distributed. Its striking face shall be rectangular and
flat, having a width of not less than the width of the bodywork section being tested and a height
of not less than 800 mm. Its edges shall be rounded to a radius of curvature of not less than
15 mm.
3.2. The body of the pendulum shall be rigidly attached to two rigid bars. The axis of the bars shall
be not less than 3 500 mm from the geometric centre of the body of the pendulum.

SUB-APPENDIX 2
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE MAIN ENERGY ABSORBING
PARTS OF THE SUPERSTRUCTURE
1. A sufficient number of tests shall be carried out for the technical service to be satisfied that the
complete vehicle meets the requirements of Paragraph 3.1. of this Annex. This shall not
necessarily require more than one test.
2. Calculations based on data obtained from a test on a bodywork section may be used to
demonstrate the acceptability of another bodywork section which is not identical with the
bodywork section already tested if it has many structural features in common with it.
3. The manufacturer shall declare which pillars of the superstructure are considered as contributing
to its strength and shall also declare the amount of energy (E ) that each pillar is intended to
absorb. These declarations shall meet the following criteria:
(1) ∑ E > E *
where m is the total number of declared pillars.
(2)(a)

E ≥ 0.4 E *
where n is the number of declared pillars forward of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle;
(b)

E ≥ 0.4 E *
where p is the number of declared pillars to the rear of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle.
(3) L ≥ 0.4 l
(4) L ≥ 0.4 l
(5) d
this shall apply only where d is greater than 0.8 ×
≤ 2.5
d
maximum deflection permitted without intrusion of the
residual space.
where:
E
E
E
is the declared amount of energy that can be absorbed by ith pillar of the
superstructure,
is the declared amount of energy that can be absorbed by the ith pillar forward of
the centre gravity of the vehicle,
is the declared amount of energy that can be absorbed by the ith pillar to the rear of
the centre of gravity of the vehicle,
E* is the total energy to be absorbed by the complete structure of the vehicle,

ANNEX 5 − APPENDIX 4
VERIFICATION OF STRENGTH OF SUPERSTRUCTURE BY CALCULATION
1. A superstructure or sections of a superstructure may be shown to meet the requirement specified
in Paragraph 3.1. of this Annex by a calculation method approved by the technical service
responsible for conducting the tests.
2. If the structure is likely to be subject to deformations beyond the elastic limit of the materials
used, then the calculations shall simulate the behaviour of the structure when undergoing large
plastic deformations.
3. The technical service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
joints or parts of the structure to verify the assumptions made in the calculation.
4. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
4.1. Calculations cannot be started until the structure has been analysed and a mathematical model
of it produced. This will define the separate members to be considered and identify the points at
which plastic hinges may develop. The dimensions of the members and the properties of
material used must be stated. Physical tests must be made on the hinge points to determine the
force (moment of rotation) − deformation characteristics in the plastic mode as this is essential
data for the calculations. The strain rate and the dynamic yield stress appropriate for this strain
rate must be determined. If the calculation method will not indicate when a significant fracture
will occur, it will be essential to determine, by experiment, separate analyses or appropriate
dynamic distribution. Distribution of loading along the length of a vehicle shall be stated.
4.2. The calculation method shall include the deformations up to the elastic limits of the materials
followed by the identification of where plastic hinges will form and the subsequent formation of
other plastic hinges unless the position and sequences of formation of plastic hinges is known
from previous experience. The method shall accommodate the changes in geometry of the
structure that take place, at least up to the stage where the deformations have passed the
acceptable limits. The calculations shall simulate the energy and direction of impact which would
occur if that particular superstructure were to be submitted to the roll-over tests prescribed in
Appendix 1. The validity of the calculation method shall have been established by comparison
with the results of physical tests, which need not necessarily have been made in connection with
the vehicle now being approved.
5. TEST OF SECTION OF SUPERSTRUCTURE
When a calculation method is used for a section of the complete superstructure, the same
conditions shall apply as stated above for the complete vehicle.

2.6. Clamping force F is the arithmetical mean value of the effective forces, measured at the same
measuring point subsequently more times:
F
=

( F )
n
i
3. MEASUREMENTS
3.1. Conditions of measurement:
3.1.1. Temperature range: 10° − 30° C
3.1.2. The vehicle shall stay on a horizontal surface.
3.2. Measurements points shall be:
3.2.1. At the main closing edges of the door:
one in the middle of the door;
one 150 mm above the lower edge of the door.
3.2.2. In the case of doors equipped with clamping prevention devices for the opening process:
At the secondary closing edges of the door at that point which is considered to be the most
dangerous place of clamping.
3.3. At least three measurements shall be taken at each of the measuring points to determine the
clamping force according to Paragraph 2.6.
3.4. The signal of the closing force shall be recorded by means of a low-pass filter with a limiting
frequency of 100 Hz. Both the threshold of sensitivity and the fade-away threshold to limit the
pulse duration shall be set at 50 N.
3.5. The deviation of the reading from the rated value shall not be more than ± 3%.
4. MEASURING DEVICE
4.1. The measuring device shall consist of two parts: one handle and one measuring part which is a
load cell (see Figure 2).

1.1. Minimum Dimensions for Exits
ANNEX 7
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR VEHICLES HAVING A
CAPACITY NOT EXCEEDING 22 PASSENGERS
The several kinds of exits shall have the following dimensions:
Aperture Dimensions Remarks
Service
door
Emergency
door
Emergency
window
Entry height:
Class
A 1650 mm
B 1500 mm
Aperture
Height
Width:
Single door:
650 mm
Double door:
1200 mm
Height:
1250 mm
Width:
550 mm
Aperture area:
4000 cm
The service door entry height shall be measured as the vertical
distance measured on a vertical plane of the horizontal
projections of the mid point of the door aperture and the top
surface of the lowest step.
The vertical height of the service door aperture shall be such as
to permit the free passage of the dual panel referred to in
Paragraph 7.7.1.1. of Annex 3. The upper corners may be
reduced with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150 mm.
For Class B vehicles where the service door aperture height lies
between 1400 mm and 1500 mm a minimum single door
aperture width of 750 mm shall apply. For all the vehicles the
width of any service door may be reduced by 100 mm when the
measurement is made at the level of the handholds and by 250
mm in cases where intruding wheel arches or the actuating
mechanism for automatic or remote-control doors or the rake of
the windscreen so require.
The width may be reduced to 300 mm in cases where intruding
wheel arches so require, providing that the width of 550 mm is
respected at the minimum height of 400 mm above the lowest
part of the door aperture. The upper corners may be reduced
with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150 mm.
A 5% tolerance shall, however, be permitted in respect of this
area for type-approvals issued for one year following the entry
into force of this Regulation. It shall be possible to inscribe in this
area a rectangle of 500 mm × 700 mm.

1. GENERAL
2. SCOPE
ANNEX 8
REQUIREMENTS FOR TECHNICAL DEVICES FACILITATING
ACCESS FOR PASSENGERS OF REDUCED MOBILITY
This Annex contains the provisions which apply to a vehicle designed for easy access for
passengers with reduced mobility and wheelchair users.
These requirements shall apply to vehicles permitting easier access for persons with
reduced mobility.
3. REQUIREMENTS.
3.1. Steps
The height of the first step from the ground of at least one service door shall not exceed
250 mm for vehicles of Class I and A and 320 mm for vehicles of Class II, III and B.
As an alternative for vehicles of Class I and A, the first step from the ground shall not
exceed 270 mm in two door openings, one entrance and one exit.
A kneeling system and/or retractable step may be engaged.
The height of the steps other than the first step from the ground at the abovementioned
door(s), in an access passage and in a gangway, shall be not more than 200 mm for
vehicles of Class I and A and 250 mm for vehicles of Class II, III and B.
The transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step.
3.2. Priority Seats and Space for Passengers with Reduced Mobility
3.2.1. A minimum number of forward or rearward facing seats designated as priority seats for
disabled passengers shall be situated in a position near to a service door(s) suitable for
boarding and alighting. The minimum number of priority seats shall be four in Class I,
two in Class II and Class III and one in Class A and B. A seat that folds out of the way
when not in use shall not be designated as a priority seat. Paragraph 7.7.8.5.2. of
Annex 3 shall not apply to vehicles that comply with this requirement.
3.2.2. There shall be adequate space under, or adjacent to, at least one of the priority seats for
a guide dog.
3.2.3. Armrests shall be fitted on seats between the seating position and the gangway and shall
be capable of being moved easily out of the way to permit clear access to the seat.
Handrails or handholds shall be fitted adjacent to priority seats in such a way as to allow
the passenger to grasp them easily.

3.6. Wheelchair Accommodation Provisions
3.6.1. For each wheelchair user provided for in the passenger compartment there shall be a
special area at least 750 mm wide and 1300 mm long. The longitudinal plane of the
special area shall be parallel to the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and the floor surface
of the special area shall be slip resistant.
In the case of a wheelchair space designed for a forward facing wheelchair, the top of
preceding seat-backs may intrude into the wheelchair space if a clear space is provided
as shown in Annex 4, Figure 23.
3.6.2. There shall be at least one doorway through which wheelchair users can pass. In the
case of vehicles of Class I, at least one wheelchair access door shall be a service
door. The wheelchair access door shall bear a boarding aid complying with the
provisions of Paragraph 3.11.2. (a kneeling system) of this Annex; this shall be in
combination with the provisions of Paragraph 3.11.3. (a lift) or 3.11.4. (a ramp) of this
Annex.
3.6.3. A door for wheelchair access, that is not a service door, shall have a minimum height of
1400 mm. The minimum width of all doors providing wheelchair access to the vehicle
shall be 900 mm which may be reduced by 100 mm when the measurement is made at
the level of handholds.
3.6.4. It shall be possible to move from the outside of the vehicle through at least one of the
doors for wheelchair access into the special area(s) with a reference wheelchair of the
dimensions shown in Annex 4, Figure 21.
3.7. Seats in the Wheelchair Space
3.7.1. Folding seats may be fitted in a wheelchair space. However, such seats when folded
and out of use shall not intrude into the wheelchair space.
3.7.2. A vehicle may be equipped with demountable seats fitted in the wheelchair space
provided that such seats may be easily removed by the driver or a crew member.
3.7.3. Where the foot space of any seat, or part of a folding seat when in use, intrudes into a
wheelchair space, those seats shall have a sign fixed on or adjacent to them with the
following text:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".

3.8.1.2.1. In forward direction in the case of a separate wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system
3.8.1.2.1.1. For Category M :
a) 1110 daN ± 20 daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the
wheelchair user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards
the front of the vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the
vehicle. If the restraint system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in
an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle;
b) 675 daN ± 20 daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 675 daN ± 20 daN in the horizontal
plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the
belt in the case of 3-point belt;
c) 1715 daN ± 20 daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle
and towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
d) the forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.1.2.1.2. For Category M :
a) 740 daN ± 20 daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the
wheelchair user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards
the front of the vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the
vehicle. If the restraint system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in
an angle 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle;
b) 450 daN ± 20 daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 450 daN ± 20 daN in the horizontal
plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the
belt in the case of 3-point belt;
c) 1130 daN ± 20 daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle
and towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
d) the forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.1.2.2. In forward direction in the case of a combined wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system.
3.8.1.2.2.1. For Category M ;
a) 1110 daN ± 20 daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle
and towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair user restraint system in the
case of a lap belt;

3.8.2.5. Any wheelchair user restraint shall either:
3.8.2.5.1. Meet the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.2.9. and be securely
attached to vehicle anchorages meeting the static test requirements in
Paragraph 3.8.2.6.; or
3.8.2.5.2. Be securely attached to vehicle anchorages such that the combination of restraint and
anchorages meets the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.2.9. when
attached to anchorages set up as described in Paragraph 3.8.2.6.7.
3.8.2.6. A static test shall be carried out on the anchorage points for both the wheelchair restraint
system and the wheelchair user restraint in accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.2.6.1. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.2.7. shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.6.2. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.2.7.3. shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair user restraint and by means of a traction
device specified in Paragraph 6.3.4. of Regulation No. 14.
3.8.2.6.3. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.2.6.1. and Paragraph 3.8.2.6.2. shall be applied
simultaneously in the forward direction and at an angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal
plane;
3.8.2.6.4. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.2.6.1. shall be applied in the rearward direction and at an
angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal plane;
3.8.2.6.5. The forces shall be applied as rapidly as possible through the central vertical axis of the
wheelchair space; and
3.8.2.6.6. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than 0.2 seconds.
3.8.2.6.7. The test shall be carried out on a representative section of the vehicle structure together
with any fitting provided in the vehicle which is likely to contribute to the strength or
rigidity of the structure.
3.8.2.7. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.2.6. are:
3.8.2.7.1. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair restraint system fitted to a
Category M vehicle:
3.8.2.7.1.1. 1110 daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle at a height of not less than 200 mm and not more than 300 mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.2.7.1.2. 550 daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the rear of the
vehicle at a height of not less than 200 mm and not more than 300 mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space;

3.8.2.10. A test in Paragraph 3.8.2.6., 3.8.2.8. or 3.8.2.9. shall be deemed to have failed unless
the following requirements are met:
3.8.2.10.1. No part of the system shall have failed, or shall have become detached from its
anchorage or from the vehicle during the test;
3.8.2.10.2. Mechanisms to release the wheelchair and user shall be capable of release after
completion of the test;
3.8.2.10.3. In the test in Paragraph 3.8.2.8. the wheelchair shall not move more than 200 mm in the
longitudinal plane of the vehicle during the test;
3.8.2.10.4. No part of the system shall be deformed to such an extent after completion of the test
that, because of sharp edges or other protrusions, the part is capable of causing injury.
3.8.2.11. Its operating instructions shall be clearly displayed adjacent to it.
3.8.3. In alternative to the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.1.1., the wheelchair space shall be
designed for the wheelchair user to travel unrestrained with the wheelchair facing
rearwards against a support or backrest, in accordance with the following provisions:
a) one of the longitudinal sides of the space for a wheelchair shall rest against a side
or wall of the vehicle;
b) a support or backrest perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle shall be
provided in the forward end of the wheelchair space;
c) the support or backrest shall be designed for the wheels or the back of the
wheelchair to rest against the support or backrest in order to avoid the wheelchair
from tipping over;
d) the support or backrest of the seat row in front shall be able to withstand a force of
250 daN ± 20 daN per wheelchair. The force shall be applied in the horizontal
plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle in the middle of the
support or backrest. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than
1.5 seconds;
e) a handrail or handhold shall be fitted to the side or wall of the vehicle in such a
way to allow the wheelchair user to grasp it easily;
f) a retractable handrail or any equivalent device shall be fitted on the opposite side
of the wheelchair space in order to restrict any lateral shift of the wheelchair and to
allow the wheelchair user to grasp it easily;
g) the floor surface of the special area shall be slip-resistant;
h) a sign shall be fixed adjacent to the wheelchair area with the following text:
"This space is reserved for a wheelchair. The wheelchair must be placed facing
rearwards resting against the support or backrest with the brakes on"

3.11.3. Lift
3.11.3.1. General Provisions
3.11.3.1.1. Lifts shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill. When raising of
the platform and before lowering is initiated a device preventing the wheelchair from
rolling off shall automatically come into operation.
3.11.3.1.2. The lift platform shall not be less than 800 mm wide, and not less than 1200 mm long
and shall be capable of operating when carrying a mass of at least 300 kg.
3.11.3.2. Additional technical requirements for power-operated lifts
3.11.3.2.1. The operating control shall be designed in such a way that, if released, it automatically
returns to the off position. As it does so the movement of the lift shall immediately be
stopped and it shall be possible to initiate a movement in either direction.
3.11.3.2.2. A safety device (e.g. reversing mechanism) shall protect areas not visible to the
operator, where the movement of the lift might trap or crush objects.
3.11.3.2.3. In the event of one of these safety devices coming into operation, the movement of the
lift shall immediately be stopped and movement in the opposite direction initiated.
3.11.3.3. Operation of power operated lifts
3.11.3.3.1. Where the lift is at a service door situated within the direct field of vision of the driver of
the vehicle, the lift may be operated by the driver when in the driver’s seat.
3.11.3.3.2. In all others cases, the controls shall be adjacent to the lift. They shall be capable of
being activated and deactivated only by the driver from his seat.
3.11.3.4. Manually operated lift
3.11.3.4.1. The lift shall be designed for operation by controls adjacent to the lift.
3.11.3.4.2. The lift shall be so designed that excessive forces are not required to operate it.
3.11.4. Ramp
3.11.4.1. General Provisions
3.11.4.1.1. The ramp shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill.
3.11.4.1.2. Edges on the outside shall be rounded to a radius of no less than 2.5 mm. Corners on
the outside shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 5 mm.
3.11.4.1.3. The ramp shall be at least 800 mm wide. The slope of the ramp, when extended or
folded out on to a kerb of 150 mm in height, should not exceed 12%. A kneeling system
may be used to achieve this test.
3.11.4.1.4. Any ramp which when ready for use exceeds 1200 mm in length shall be fitted with a
device to prevent the wheelchair rolling off the sides.
3.11.4.1.5. Any ramp shall be capable of operating safely with a load of 300 kg.

ANNEX 9
SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR DOUBLE-DECK VEHICLES
This Annex contains the requirements for double-deck vehicles, where these differ from the basic
requirements of Annex 3. The Paragraphs or subparagraphs below shall replace those Paragraphs or
subparagraphs with equivalent numbers in Annex 3. Unless otherwise stated below, all the other
requirements of Annex 3 shall apply to double-deck vehicles. The numbering of Paragraphs below
follows that of Annex 3.
7.4.2.1. Loads equal to Q (as defined in Paragraph 7.4.3.3.1. of Annex 11) shall be placed on each
upper deck passenger seat. If the vehicle is intended to be used with a crew member who
is not seated, the centre of gravity of the mass of 75 kg representing the crew member
shall be placed in the upper deck gangway at a height of 875 mm. The baggage
compartments shall not contain any baggage.
7.5.4. Fire Extinguishers and First-aid Equipment
7.5.4.1. Space shall be provided for the fitting of two fire extinguishers, one being near the driver’s
seat and one on the upper deck. The space shall be not less than 15 dm .
7.6. Exits
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. Every double-deck vehicle shall have two doors on the lower deck, (see also
Paragraph 7.6.2.2.). The minimum number of service doors required is as follows:
Number of
passengers
Number of service doors on a double-deck vehicle
Classes I and A Class II Classes III and B
9 − 45
46 − 70
71 − 100
> 100
1
2
2
4
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
1

7.6.2. Siting of Exits
7.6.2.2. Two of the doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1. shall be separated such that the
distance between transverse vertical planes through their centres of area is not less than
either 25% of the overall length of the vehicle or 40% of the overall length of the
passenger compartment on the lower deck; this shall not apply if the two doors are on
different sides of the vehicle. If one of these two doors forms part of a double door, this
distance shall be measured between the two doors which are furthest apart.
7.6.2.3. The exits on every deck shall be placed in such a way that their number on each of the
two sides of the vehicle is substantially the same.
7.6.2.4. In each upper deck, at least one emergency exit shall be situated either in the rear face or
in the front face of the vehicle respectively.
7.6.4. Technical Requirements for All Service Doors
7.6.4.6. If the direct view is not adequate, optical or other devices shall be installed to enable the
driver to detect from his seat the presence of a passenger in the immediate exterior vicinity
of every service door which is not an automatically-operated service door. In the case of
vehicles of Class I, this requirement also applies to the interior of all service doors and to
the immediate vicinity of each intercommunication staircase on the upper deck.
7.6.7. Technical Requirements for Emergency Doors
7.6.7.3. Every control or device for opening an emergency door on the lower deck from the outside
shall be between 1000 mm and 1500 mm from the ground and not more than 500 mm
from the door. In vehicles of Classes I, II and III every control or device for opening an
emergency door from the inside shall be between 1000 mm and 1500 mm from the upper
surface of the floor or step nearest to the control and be not more than 500 mm from the
door. This shall not apply to controls located within the driver’s area.

7.7.8.6. Free height over seating positions.
7.7.8.6.1. Each seating position shall have a free height of not less than 900 mm measured from the
highest point of the uncompressed seat cushion. This free height shall extend over the
vertical projection of the whole area of the seat and the associated foot space. In the case
of the upper deck, this free height may be reduced to 850 mm.
7.7.12. Intercommunication Staircase (see Annex 4, Figure 1)
7.7.12.1. The minimum width of any intercommunication staircase shall be so designed as to permit
the free passage of the single door access template as defined in Figure 1 of Annex 4.
The panel shall be moved starting from the gangway of the lower deck up to the last step,
in the probable direction of motion of a person using the staircase.
7.7.12.2. Intercommunication staircases shall be so designed, that, during heavy braking of the
vehicle moving in the forward direction, there is no danger of a passenger being projected
downwards.
This requirement is considered to be fulfilled if at least one of the following conditions is
met:
7.7.12.2.1. No part of the staircase is forward descending;
7.7.12.2.2. The staircase is equipped with guards or a similar provision;
7.7.12.2.3. There is an automatic device in the upper part of the staircase which prevents the use of
the staircase when the vehicle is in motion; this device shall be easily operable in an
emergency.
7.7.12.3. It shall be verified, by use of the cylinder of Paragraph 7.7.5.1., that access conditions
from the gangways (upper and lower) to the staircase are adequate.
7.11. Handrails and Handholds
7.11.5. Handrails and Handholds for Intercommunication Staircases
7.11.5.1. Suitable handrails or handholds shall be provided at each side of all intercommunication
staircases. These shall be positioned between 800 mm and 1100 mm above the tread
edge of each step.
7.11.5.2. The handrails and/or handholds to be provided shall be such that they include a grasping
point available to a person standing on the lower or upper deck adjacent to the
intercommunication staircase, and at any of the successive steps. Such points shall be
situated vertically between 800 mm and 1100 mm above the lower deck or each above the
surface of each step, and,
7.11.5.2.1. For the position appropriate to a person standing on the lower deck, not more than
400 mm inwards from the outer edge of the first step, and
7.11.5.2.2. For the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the
step considered, and not more than 600 mm inwards from the same edge.

ANNEX 9 − APPENDIX
Figure 1
GANGWAYS
(see Paragraph 7.7.5. of Annex 9)
B
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm)
Class I 550 450 500
Class II 550 350 500
Class III 450
300 (220 in the
case of laterally
moveable seats)
500
E
(mm)
1800
(1680/1770)
1800
(1680/1770)
1800
(1680/1770)
F
(mm)
1020
(900/990)
1020
(900/990)
1020
(900/990)

ANNEX 11
MASSES AND DIMENSIONS
1. This Annex applies to the masses and dimensions of motor vehicles of Categories M
and M in so far as they are necessary for the approval of a vehicle in respect of its
general construction.
2. DEFINITIONS
2.1. (Reserved)
2.2. (Reserved)
For the purposes of this Annex:
2.3. "Group of axles" means axles being part of a bogie. A two-axle group is called a
tandem and a tri-axle group a tri-axle bogie. By convention, a solo axle is considered as
a group of one axle.
2.4. Vehicles dimensions means the dimensions of the vehicle based on its construction, as
stated by manufacturer.
2.4.1. "Vehicle length" is a dimension which is measured according to ISO Standard
612-1978, Term No 6.1.
In addition to the provisions of that standard, when measuring the vehicle length the
following devices must not be taken into account:
– wiper and washer devices,
– front or rear marking-plates,
– customs sealing devices and their protection,
– devices for securing the tarpaulin and their protection,
– lighting equipment,
– mirrors and other devices for indirect vision,
– watching aids,
– air-intake pipes,
– length stops for demountable bodies,
– access steps and hand-holds,
– ram rubbers and similar equipment,
– lifting platforms, access ramps and similar equipment in running order, not
exceeding 300 mm, provided that the loading capacity of the vehicle is not
increased,

2.5. (Reserved)
2.6. (Reserved)
2.7. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the axle (m)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the axle on the
road surface, based on the construction of the vehicle and of the axle and as stated by
the vehicle manufacturer.
2.8. "Technically permissible maximum mass on a group of axles (µ)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the group of
axles on the road surface, based on both the construction of the vehicle and of the group
of axles and as stated by the vehicle manufacturer.
2.9. "Towable mass" means the total load exerted on the road surface by the axle(s) of the
towed vehicle(s).
2.10. "Technically permissible maximum towable mass (TM)" means the maximum
towable mass stated by the manufacturer.
2.11. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point of a motor vehicle"
means the mass corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load on the
coupling point based on the construction of the motor vehicle and/or coupling device and
as stated by the manufacturer. By definition, this mass does not include the mass of the
coupling device of the motor vehicle.
2.12. (Reserved)
2.13. "Technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination (MC)" means
the total mass of a combination of motor vehicle and trailer(s) as stated by the
manufacturer.
2.14. "Axle-lift device" means a device permanently fitted to a vehicle for the purpose of
reducing or increasing the load on the axle(s), according to the loading conditions of the
vehicle:
3. (Reserved)
4. (Reserved)
5. (Reserved)
6. (Reserved)
a) either by raising the wheels clear off the ground/lowering them to the ground,
b) or without raising the wheels off the ground, (e.g. in the case of air suspension
systems, or other systems),
in order to reduce the wear on the tyres when the vehicle is not fully laden, and/or make
starting (moving off) on slippery ground easier for motor vehicles or vehicle
combinations, by increasing the load on the driving axle.

7.4.1.4. In the case of a solo axle, designated 'i' as an axle and 'j' as a group of axles, m = µ by
definition.
7.4.1.5. In the case of vehicles fitted with loadable axles, the following calculations must be
carried out with the suspension of the axles loaded in the normal running
configuration. In the case of vehicles fitted with retractable axles, the following
calculations are carried out with the axles lowered.
7.4.1.6. For groups of axles, the manufacturer must indicate the laws of distribution among the
axles of the total mass applied on to the group (for instance by stating the distribution
formulae or producing distribution graphs).
7.4.1.7. (Reserved)
7.4.2. (Reserved – See 7.4.3.1 and 7.4.4 below)
7.4.2.1. The sum of the masses m must not be less than the mass M.
7.4.2.2. For each group of axles designated 'j', the sum of the masses m on its axles must not be
less than the mass µ . In addition, each of the masses m must not be less than the part
of µ applying on the axle 'i' as determined by the mass distribution laws for that group of
axles.
7.4.2.3. The sum of the masses µ must not be less than the mass M.
7.4.2.4. The mass in running order, plus the mass corresponding to 75 kg multiplied by the
number of passengers, plus the technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling
point, must not exceed the mass M.
7.4.2.5. (Reserved)
7.4.2.6. (Reserved)
7.4.2.7. MC must not exceed M + TM.
7.4.3. Requirements for Buses and Coaches
7.4.3.1. The requirements of Paragraphs 7.4.2.1. to 7.4.2.3., and of 7.4.2.7., apply.
7.4.3.2. The mass of the vehicle in running order, plus the mass Q multiplied by the number of
seated and standing passengers, plus the masses WP, B and BX as defined in
Paragraph 7.4.3.3.1., plus the technical permissible maximum mass on the coupling
point, if a coupling is fitted by the manufacturer, shall not exceed the mass M.

7.4.3.3.2. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity, area available for
standing passengers (S ) and/or equipped for the carriage of wheelchairs, the
requirements of Sections 7.4.3.2 and 7.4.3.3 shall be determined for each of the
following conditions as applicable:
7.4.3.3.2.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
(up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if reached) and, if space
remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.4.3.3.2.2. With all possible standing areas occupied (up to the standing capacity limit declared by
the manufacturer) followed by the remaining seats available for seated passengers and,
if space remains, any wheelchair spaces occupied;
7.4.3.3.2.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers (up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if
reached) and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.
7.4.3.4. When the vehicle is in running order or laden as specified in Section 7.4.3.3.1, the mass
corresponding to the load on the front axle or group of axles must not be less than the
percentage of the mass of the vehicle in running order or of the technically permissible
maximum laden mass 'M' laid down in the following table:
Classes I and A Class II Classes III and B
Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated
20 20 25 20 25 20
7.4.3.5. Where a vehicle is to be approved to more than one Class, Paragraphs 7.4.3.2. and
7.4.3.3 shall apply to each Class.
7.4.4. (Reserved)
7.5. (Reserved)
7.6. Manoeuvrability
7.6.1. Any motor vehicle must be able to manoeuvre on either side for a complete circular
trajectory of 360° inside an area defined by two concentric circles, the outer circle having
a radius of 12.50 m and the inner circle having a radius of 5.30 m, without any of the
vehicle's outermost points (with the exception of the protruding parts excluded from the
measurement the vehicle width) projecting outside the circumferences of the circles. For
motor vehicles with axle-lift devices, this requirement also applies with the retractable
axle(s) in the lifted position or loadable axle(s) in the unladen condition.
7.6.1.1. Motor Vehicles
The abovementioned requirements must be verified as follows:
The outermost front point of the motor vehicle must be guided along the contour of the
outer circle (see Figure A).

Figure B
R = 12.5 m
r = 5.3 m
U = maximum 0.6 m
Figure C
R = 12.5 m
r = 5.3 m
U = maximum 0.6 m

Figure B
Figure C
7.6.4. The requirements of Paragraphs 7.6.1. to 7.6.3. may also be verified, at the request of
the manufacturer, with an appropriate equivalent calculation or geometric demonstration.
7.6.5. In the case of incomplete vehicles, the manufacturer must declare the maximum
permissible dimensions for which the vehicle is to be checked against the requirements
of 7.6.1. to 7.6.3.

General Construction - M2 and M3 Vehicles.