Regulation No. 107-05

Name:Regulation No. 107-05
Description:General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Category M2 or M3 Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2012-08-15
Amendment Level:05 Series, Supplement 6
Number of Pages:139
Vehicle Types:Bus
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev 2/Add.106/Rev.5/Amend.5
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
July 26, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 107-05
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
CATEGORY M OR M VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Incorporating:
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.08.10
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.12.10
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.11.12
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Corr. 1 to Revision 5
Date 08.12.14
Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 4 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 5 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16
Supplement 6 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.17

Regulation No. 107-05
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF CATEGORY M OR M
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle or bodywork type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitively discontinued
10. Transitional provisions
11. Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
12. (Reserved)

Annex 9 -
(Reserved)
Annex 10 - Type approval for a separate technical units and type approval of a vehicle fitted with a
bodywork already approved as a separate technical unit
Annex 11 - Masses and dimensions
Annex 12 - Additional safety prescriptions for trolleybuses

2.1.1.4. A vehicle may be regarded as belonging in more than one Class. In such a case it may be
approved for each Class to which it corresponds.
2.1.2. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers in addition to the driver, there
are two classes of vehicles:
2.1.2.1. "Class A" Vehicles designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has seats
and shall have provision for standing passengers.
2.1.2.2. "Class B" Vehicles not designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has
no provision for standing passengers.
2.1.3. "Articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid sections which
articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each section
intercommunicate so that passengers can move freely between them; the rigid sections are
permanently connected so that they can only be separated by an operation involving
facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.3.1. "Double-decker articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid
sections which articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each
section intercommunicate on at least one deck so that passengers can move freely between
them; the rigid sections are permanently connected so that they can only be separated by
an operation involving facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.4. "Low floor vehicle" is a vehicle of Class I, II or A in which at least 35% of the area
available for standing passengers (or in its forward section in the case of articulated
vehicles, or in its lower deck in the case of double-decker vehicles) forms an area without
steps and includes access to at least one service door.
2.1.5. "Bodywork" means a separate technical unit comprising all the special internal and
external equipment of the vehicle.
2.1.6. "Double deck vehicle" means a vehicle where the provided spaces for passengers are
arranged, at least in one part, in two superimposed levels and spaces for standing
passengers are not provided in the upper deck.
2.1.7. "Separate technical unit" means a device intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be
type-approved separately, but only in relation to one or more specified types of vehicle.
2.1.8. "Trolleybus" means a vehicle, electrically driven by energy from external, overhead contact
wires. For the purposes of this Regulation, it also includes such vehicles having an
additional internal means of propulsion (dual mode vehicles) or having a means of
temporary external guidance (guided trolleybuses).
2.1.9. "Vehicle without roof" means a vehicle without roof over all or part of its deck. In the
case of a double-decked vehicle this shall be the upper deck. Space for standing
passengers shall not be provided on any deck without roof, independently of the class of
vehicle.
2.2. "Definition of Type(s)"

2.12. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.13. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase, half-staircase or emergency
exit.
2.14. "Floor or deck"
2.14.1. "Floor" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver and any crew member, and may
support the seat mountings;
2.14.2. "Deck" means that part of the floor provided only for the passengers.
2.15. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats or each special area for wheelchair users to any other seat or row of seats or each
special area for wheelchair users or to any access passage from or to any service door or
intercommunication staircase and any area for standing passengers; it does not include:
2.15.1. The space extending 300mm in front of any seat, except where a sideways-facing seat is
situated above a wheel arch, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm
(see Annex 4, Figure 25);
2.15.2. The space above the surface of any step or staircase (except where the surface of the step
is contiguous with that of a gangway or access passageway); or
2.15.3. Any space which affords access solely to one seat or row of seats or a facing pair of
transverse seats or row of seats.
2.16. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway), intercommunication
staircase or half-staircase. Where there is no step at the door, the space to be considered
as access passage shall be that which is measured according to Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.
up to a distance of 300mm from the starting position of the inner face of the test gauge.
2.17. "Driver’s compartment" means the space intended for driver’s exclusive use except in the
case of an emergency and containing the driver’s seat, the steering wheel, controls,
instruments and other devices necessary for driving or operating the vehicle.
2.18. "Mass of the vehicle in running order" means the mass of the unladen vehicle with
bodywork, and with coupling device in the case of a towing vehicle, in running order, or the
mass of the chassis with cab if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling
device (including coolant, oils, 90% fuel, 100% other liquids except used waters, tools,
spare wheel and driver (75kg), and, for buses and coaches, the mass of the crew member
(75kg) if there is a crew seat in the vehicle.
2.19. "Technically permissible maximum laden mass (M)" means the maximum mass of the
vehicle based on its construction and performance, stated by the manufacturer. The
technically permissible maximum laden mass is used to determine the vehicle category.
2.20. "Passenger" means a person, other than the driver or a member of the crew.
2.21. "Passenger with reduced mobility" means all passengers who have a difficulty when
using public transport, such as disabled people (including people with sensory and
intellectual impairments, and wheelchair users, people with limb impairments, people of
small stature, people with heavy luggage, elderly people, pregnant women, people with
shopping trolleys, and people with children (including children seated in pushchairs).

2.38. "Separate compartment" means a space in the vehicle which may be occupied by
passengers or crew when the vehicle is in use and which is separated from any other
passenger or crew space, except where any partition allows passengers to see into the next
passenger space, and is connected by a gangway without doors.
2.39. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.
2.40. "Service-door lighting" means a lighting device(s) of the vehicle designed to illuminate the
exterior vicinity of service doors and wheels.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of:
a) A vehicle type or
b) A separate technical unit type or
c) A vehicle type fitted with bodywork type already approved as a separate technical unit
With regard to its constructional features shall be submitted by the responsible manufacturer
or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. In the case of an application for approval of a vehicle made by assembling a chassis with
type-approved bodywork, the term manufacturer refers to the assembler.
3.3. A model for the information document relating to the constructional features is given in
Annex 1 - Part 1.
3.3.1. Appendix 1: for a vehicle type,
3.3.2. Appendix 2: for a bodywork type.
3.3.3. Appendix 3: for a vehicle type fitted with bodywork already approved as a separate technical
unit.
3.4. A vehicle(s) or a bodywork(s) representative of the type to be approved shall be submitted
to the Technical Service responsible for conducting the type-approval tests.
4. APPROVAL
4.1. If the vehicle or bodywork submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the
requirements of Paragraph 5. below, approval of that vehicle or bodywork type shall be
granted.
4.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each vehicle type approved. Its first two digits (at
present 05, corresponding to the 05 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of
amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendment made to the
Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign
the same number to another vehicle or bodywork type within the meaning of Paragraph 2.2.
above.

5.3. Contracting Parties shall be free to choose the most appropriate solution to achieve
improved accessibility in vehicles other than those of Class I. However, if vehicles other
than those of Class I are equipped with features or devices for people with reduced mobility
and/or wheelchair users, those features or devices shall comply with the relevant
requirements of Annex 8.
5.4. Nothing in this Regulation shall prevent the national authorities of a Contracting Party from
specifying that certain types of operation are reserved for vehicles which are equipped for
the transport of passengers with reduced mobility in accordance with Annex 8.
5.5. Unless otherwise stated, all measurements shall be made when the vehicle is at its mass in
running order and it is standing on a smooth and horizontal ground surface and in the
normal condition for travel. If a kneeling system is fitted, it shall be set so the vehicle is at its
normal ride height for travel. In the case of approval of bodywork as a separate technical
unit the position of the body relative to the flat horizontal surface shall be specified by the
manufacturer.
5.6. Wherever there is a requirement in this Regulation for a surface in the vehicle to be
horizontal or at a specific angle when the vehicle is at its mass in running order, in the case
of a vehicle with mechanical suspension, the surface may exceed this slope or possess a
slope when the vehicle is at its mass in running order, provided that this requirement is met
when the vehicle is in the loading condition declared by the manufacturer. If a kneeling
system is fitted to the vehicle, it shall not be in operation.
6. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE OR BODYWORK
TYPE
6.1. Every modification of the vehicle or bodywork type shall be notified to the Type Approval
Authority which approved the vehicle type. That Authority may then either:
6.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and
that, in any case, the vehicle or bodywork still complies with the requirements; or
6.1.2. Require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests.
6.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the modifications, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3 of this Regulation to the Contracting Parties to the
Agreement which apply this Regulation.
6.3. The Type Approval Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number
for such an extension and inform thereof the other Contracting Parties to the 1958
Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in Annex 1, Appendix 2 to this Regulation.
7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2), with the following requirements:
7.1. Vehicles and bodyworks approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in Paragraph 5 above.

10.8. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 5 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national
registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of
Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.9. As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 03 series of amendments.
10.10. No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national or regional type approval
of a vehicle type approved to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.11. As from December 31, 2012, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant
approvals only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation
as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
10.12. As from December 31, 2013, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to
grant national or regional approvals and may refuse first national or regional registration
(first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of the 03 series
of amendments to this Regulation.
10.13. As from the official date of entry into force of the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval
under this Regulation as amended by the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments.
10.14. As from 12 months after the date of entry into force of the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the
vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by
Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments.
10.15. As from 30 months after the entry into force of Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant
national/regional approvals and first national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle
which does not meet the requirements of Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to
this Regulation.
10.16. As from the official date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 04 series of amendments.
10.17. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type to
be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by of the 04 series of
amendments.
10.18. As from 36 months after the entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant national/regional approvals and first
national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the
requirements of the 04 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.19. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval
to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation for vehicles which are not affected by the
04 series of amendments.

ANNEX 1
APPROVAL DOCUMENTATION
PART 1
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENTS
APPENDIX 1
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
Model information document pursuant to Regulation No. 107 relating to type-approval of
Category M or M vehicles with regard to their general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1.
GENERAL
1.1.
Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2.
Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.2.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.2.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.
Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle
: ......................................................
1.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.3.
Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.3.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4.
Category of vehicle
: ..............................................................................................................
1.5.
Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6.
Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................

3.4. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork, and in the case of a towing vehicle of a category other
than M , with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or the mass of
the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the
manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools,
spare wheel and driver, and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat
in the vehicle) (maximum and minimum for each variant): ....................................................
3.4.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum for each variant): ..........................
3.5. Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer (maximum and
minimum for each variant): ........................................................................................................
3.5.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles (maximum and minimum for each variant): ............
3.6. Technically permissible maximum laden load/mass on each axle: ...........................................
3.7. Technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point: ................................................
3.7.1. Of the motor vehicle: ..................................................................................................................
4. BODYWORK
4.1. Type of bodywork: single deck/ double deck/articulated/low floor
4.2. Materials used and methods of construction: ............................................................................
5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.2. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.3. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.4. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N) : .............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ..............................................................................................................

Explanatory Notes:

3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall) .......................................................................................
3.2.1. For bodywork approved without chassis: ...................................................................................
3.2.1.1. Length : ...................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspension adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
4. BODYWORK
4.1. Type of bodywork: single deck/double deck/articulated/low floor
4.2. Materials used and methods of construction:
5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.1.1. Chassis type where the type-approved body can be installed (manufacturer(s)) and
vehicle(s) types):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.1.1. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.1.2. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.2. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N): ............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ....................................................................................................................
5.3.3. Lower deck (N ): .............................................................................................................

Explanatory Notes:

2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number and position of axles with double wheels: ...................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................
2.7.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left hand traffic.
3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall)
3.2.1. For chassis with bodywork:
3.2.1.1. Length : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : .....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2.1. Maximum width: ........................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspensions adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
3.3. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork and, in the case of a towing vehicle of a category other
than M , with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or the mass of
the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the
manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools,
spare wheel and driver, and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat
in the vehicle): (maximum and minimum for each variant): ....................................................
3.3.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum for each variant): ..........................
3.4. Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer (maximum and
minimum): ..................................................................................................................................
3.4.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre-axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum): ....................................................
3.5. Technically permissible maximum mass/load on each axle: ....................................................

ANNEX 1 − PART 2 − APPENDIX 1
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle ..................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type-approval mark: ........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

1.7.4. Number of passengers seated: .......................................................................................................
1.7.4.1. Total (A) : ....................................................................................................................................
1.7.4.2. Upper deck (A )
1.7.4.3. Lower deck (A )
1.8. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ........................................................................................
1.9. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ..........................................................................
1.10. Technical devices facilitating access to vehicles (ramp, lifting platform, kneeling-system): ...........
1.11. Position of centre of gravity of the laden vehicle in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical
directions: ........................................................................................................................................
2. Remarks: .........................................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ...............................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to Type-approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type-approval of a Bodywork as a Separate
Technical Unit with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Category of vehicle where the body can be installed (M , M ):
1.2. Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor)
1.3. Chassis type(s) where the body can be installed: ...........................................................................
1.4. Number of passengers (seated and standing): ...............................................................................
1.4.1. Total (N) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.4.2. Upper deck (N ):
1.4.3. Lower deck (N ):
1.4.4. Number of passengers seated: .......................................................................................................
1.4.4.1. Total (A) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.4.4.2. Upper deck (A )
1.4.4.3. Lower deck (A )

ANNEX 1 − PART 2 − APPENDIX 3
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle .................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type approval mark: .........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

ANNEX 2
ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Model A
(See(
Paragraph 4.4 of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type t concerned has, with
regard to
its constructional features, been approvedd in the Netherlands
(E4) for Class III, pursuant to
Regulation No. 107 under approval number 052439. The
approval number indicates that the
approval
was granted according to the equirements of Regulation No. 107 as amendedd by the 05
series of
amendments.
Model B
(See Paragraph 4.5. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been
approved
in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 107
and 43 . The first twoo digits of the
approval
numbers indicate that, on the dates on which these approvals were granted Regulation No. 107 included
the 05 series of amendments and Regulation No. 43 was in its original form.

1. - 6. (Reserved)
7. REQUIREMENTS
7.1. General
ANNEX 3
REQUIREMENTS TO BE MET BY ALL VEHICLES
7.1.1. If the driver's compartment is without a roof, the driver should have some special
protection against strong wind, sudden dust, heavy rain, etc.
7.2. Masses and Dimensions
7.2.1. The vehicles shall comply with the requirements of Annex 11.
7.2.2. Area Available for Passengers
7.2.2.1. The total surface area S available for passengers is calculated by deducting from the
total area of the floor of the vehicle:
7.2.2.1.1. The area of the driver's compartment;
7.2.2.1.2. The area of steps at doors and the area of any other step with a depth of less than
300mm and the area swept by the door and its mechanism when it is operated;
7.2.2.1.3. The area of any part over which the vertical clearance is less than 1,350mm measured
from the floor disregarding permitted intrusion specified in Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.3 and
7.7.8.6.4 of this Annex. In the case of vehicles of Class A or B, this dimension may be
reduced to 1,200mm;
7.2.2.1.4. The area of any part of the vehicle to which access by passengers is prevented as
defined in Paragraph 7.9.4. of this Annex;
7.2.2.1.5. The area of any space reserved solely for the carriage of goods or baggage and from
which passengers are excluded.
7.2.2.1.6. The area required to provide a clear working area at serveries;
7.2.2.1.7. The floor area occupied by any staircase, half staircase, intercommunication staircase or
the surface of any step.
7.2.2.2. The surface area S available for standing passengers (only in the case of vehicles of
Class A, I and II, in which the carriage of standing passengers is allowed) is calculated
by deducting from S :
7.2.2.2.1. The area of all parts of the floor in which the slope exceeds the maximum permissible
values as determined in Paragraph 7.7.6. of this Annex;
7.2.2.2.2. The area of all parts which are not accessible to a standing passenger when all the seats
are occupied, with the exception of folding seats;

7.2.3.1.3. The maximum number of wheelchairs which the vehicle is designed to carry, if any.
7.2.3.2. (Reserved).
7.2.3.3. (Reserved)
7.3. Prevention of Accidents
7.3.1. If the engine compartment of a vehicle is located to the rear of the driver's compartment,
it shall not be possible to start the engine from the driver's position when the main engine
access panel located in the rear face of the vehicle is open and which provide direct
access to parts that represent a hazard when the engine is running (e.g. pulley of belt
drives).
7.4. Stability Test
7.4.1. The stability of a vehicle shall be such that the point at which overturning occurs would
not be passed if the surface on which the vehicle stands were tilted to both sides in turn
to an angle of 28° from the horizontal.
7.4.2. For the purposes of the above test, the vehicle shall be at its mass in running order as
described in Paragraph 2.18 of this Regulation, with the addition of:
7.4.2.1. Loads equal to Q (as defined in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1 of Annex 11) shall be placed on
each passenger seat (of the upper deck only in the case of double-deck vehicles).
If a single deck vehicle is intended for standees or with a crew member who is not
seated, the centre of gravity of the loads Q or 75kg representing them, shall be uniformly
distributed over the standee or crew area respectively, at a height of 875mm. If a double
deck vehicle is intended to be used with a crew member who is not seated, the centre of
gravity of the mass of 75kg representing the crew member shall be placed in the upper
deck gangway at a height of 875mm.
Where a vehicle is equipped to carry luggage on the roof, a uniformly distributed
mass (BX) of not less than that declared by the manufacturer in accordance with
Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1 of Annex 11, representing such baggage shall be secured to the
roof. The other baggage compartments shall not contain any baggage.
7.4.2.2. If the vehicle has a variable seating capacity, standing capacity or is designed to carry
one or more wheelchairs, in respect of any area of the passenger compartment in which
such variations occur, the loads in Paragraph 7.4.2.1. above shall be the greater of:
a) The mass represented by the number of seated passengers that may occupy the
area including the mass of any demountable seats; or
b) The mass represented by the number of standing passengers that may occupy the
area; or
c) The mass of wheelchairs and users that may occupy the area at a total mass of
250kg each placed at a height of 500mm above the floor in the centre of each
wheelchair space; or
d) The mass of seated passengers, standing passengers and wheelchair users and
any combination of these that may occupy the area.

7.5.1.5. In the case of vehicles having the engine located to the rear of the driver's compartment,
the compartment shall be equipped with an alarm system providing the driver with both
an acoustic and a visual signal in the event of excess temperature in the engine
compartment and in each compartment where a combustion heater is located.
7.5.1.5.1. The alarm system shall be designed so as to detect a temperature in the engine
compartment, and in each compartment where a combustion heater is located in excess
of the temperature occurring during normal operation.
7.5.1.5.2. Paragraph 7.5.1.5.1. above is considered to be satisfied if the following areas of the
engine compartment, and each compartment where a combustion heater is located, are
monitored regarding excess temperature:
7.5.1.5.2.1. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with exposed components, e.g. the supercharger or the exhaust-system,
including engine mounted components, whose working temperature is equal to or
greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids (liquid or gas);
7.5.1.5.2.2. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with shielded components, e.g. an independent heating device, whose working
temperature is equal to or greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids
(liquid or gas); and
7.5.1.5.2.3. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with components, e.g. the alternator, whose temperature, in case of failure, may
be equal to or greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids (liquid or
gas).
7.5.1.5.3. The alarm system shall be operational whenever the engine start device is operated,
until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the vehicle's attitude.
7.5.2. Electrical Equipment and Wiring
7.5.2.1. All cables shall be well insulated and all cables and electrical equipment shall be able to
withstand the temperature and humidity conditions to which they are exposed. In the
engine compartment, particular attention shall be paid to their suitability to withstand the
environmental temperature and the effects of all likely contaminants.
7.5.2.2. No cable used in an electrical circuit shall carry a current in excess of that acceptable for
such a cable in the light of its mode of installation and the maximum ambient
temperature.
7.5.2.3. Every electrical circuit feeding an item of equipment other than the starter, the ignition
circuit (positive ignition), the glow-plugs, the engine-stopping device, the charging circuit
and the battery earth connection shall include a fuse or a circuit breaker. Circuits feeding
other equipments may, however, be protected by a common fuse or a common circuitbreaker,
provided that their sum rated capacity does not exceed the capacity of a fuse or
of a circuit-breaker. In the case of multiplexing, the manufacturer shall give all the
relevant technical information at the request of the technical service responsible for
conducting the tests.

7.5.6. Fire Detection
7.5.6.1. Vehicles shall be equipped with an alarm system detecting either an excess temperature
or smoke in toilet compartments, driver's sleeping compartments and other separate
compartments.
7.5.6.2. Upon detection, the system given in Paragraph 7.5.6.1. above shall provide the driver
with both an acoustic and a visual signal in the driver's compartment.
7.5.6.3. The alarm system shall be at least operational whenever the engine start device is
operated, until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the
vehicle's attitude.
7.6. Exits
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two, either two service doors or one
service door and one emergency door. Every double-deck vehicle shall have two doors
on the lower deck (see also Paragraph 7.6.2.2. below). The minimum number of service
doors required is as follows:
Number of passengers
Number of service doors
CLASS I & A CLASS II CLASS III & B
9 − 45 1 1 1
46 − 70 2 1 1
71 − 100
3
(2 in the case of a
double-deck vehicle)
2
1
>100 4 3 1
7.6.1.2. The minimum number of service doors in each rigid section of an articulated vehicle shall
be one except that this minimum number shall be two in the case of front section of an
articulated vehicle of Class I.
7.6.1.3. For the purpose of this requirement, service doors equipped with a power-operated
control system shall not be deemed to be emergency doors unless they can be readily
opened by hand, once the control prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1 has been actuated, if
necessary.

7.6.1.7.2. One or two seats are permitted alongside the driver for additional people, in which case
both of the exits referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.1. above shall be doors.
The driver's door shall be accepted as the emergency door for the occupants of those
seats, provided that it is possible to move a test gauge from the occupants' seats to the
exterior of the vehicle through the driver's door (see Annex 4, Figure 27).
Verification of the access to the driver's door shall be subject to the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.3.2, by using the test gauge having a dimension of 600 × 400mm, as
described in Paragraph 7.7.3.3.
The door provided for the passengers shall be in the side of the vehicle opposite to that
containing the driver's door and shall be accepted as the emergency door for the driver.
Up to five additional seats may be fitted in a compartment incorporating the driver's
compartment, provided that the additional seats and the space for these seats comply
with all requirements of this Regulation and at least one door giving access to the
passenger compartment complies with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.3. below for
emergency doors.
7.6.1.7.3. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2. above, the exits
provided for the driver's compartment shall not count as one of the doors required by
Paragraphs 7.6.1.1 to 7.6.1.2, nor as one of the exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4,
except in the case mentioned in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2. Paragraphs from
7.6.3 to 7.6.7, 7.7.1, 7.7.2 and 7.7.7. below shall not apply to such exits.
7.6.1.8. If the driver's compartment and seats adjacent to it are accessible from the main
passenger compartment by means of a passageway complying with one of the
conditions described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1. below, no external exit is required from the
driver's compartment.
7.6.1.9. If a driver's door or other exit from the compartment is provided in the circumstances
described in Paragraph 7.6.1.8. above it may only count as an exit for passengers
provided:
7.6.1.9.1. It satisfies the requirements relating to the dimensions of emergency door indicated in
Paragraph 7.6.3.1. below;
7.6.1.9.2. It fulfils the requirements indicated in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2. above;
7.6.1.9.3. The space reserved for the driver's seat shall communicate with the main passengers'
compartment through an appropriate passage; such requirement shall be deemed to be
fulfilled if the test gauge described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. below can move unobstructed
from the gangway, until the front end of the gauge reaches the vertical plane tangential
to the foremost point of the driver's seat back (this seat being situated in its rearmost
longitudinal position) and, from this plane, the panel described in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2.
above could be moved to the emergency door in the direction established by such
paragraph (see Annex 4, Figure 28) with seat and steering wheel adjustment in their mid
position.

7.6.2. Siting of Exits
Vehicles having a capacity exceeding 22 passenger seats shall meet the requirements
shown below. Vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers may meet either
the requirements shown below or those contained in Annex 7, Paragraph 1.2.
7.6.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of traffic in the country in which the vehicle is
to be licensed for operation and at least one of them shall be in the forward half of the
vehicle. This does not preclude:
7.6.2.1.1. The provision of a specially designed door in the rear or side faces of a vehicle for use in
place of a service door by wheelchair passengers, or
7.6.2.1.2. The provision of an additional service door in the rear face of a vehicle principally for
loading/unloading of goods or luggage, but which could be used by passengers where
circumstances so require, or
7.6.2.1.3. The provision of one or more additional service doors on the opposite side of the
vehicles in the case of vehicles designed for use in circumstances which require
loading/unloading on both sides. Examples of such circumstances include vehicles for
airside use at airports, vehicles for use on multimodal transport systems using island
platforms, or vehicles which cross borders to countries which do not drive on the same
side of the road as the country in which the vehicle is to be licensed for operation.
Vehicles so equipped shall be provided with control(s) which allow the driver to inhibit
normal operation of the doors which are not currently in use, or
7.6.2.1.4. The provision of a service door in the rear face of a Class A or B vehicle.
7.6.2.2. If the passenger's compartment has an area S equal or greater than 10m , two of the
doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1. above shall be separated such that the distance
between transverse vertical planes through their centres of area is not less than:
7.6.2.2.1. In the case of a single deck vehicle, 40% of the overall length of the passenger
compartment measured parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
In the case of an articulated vehicle, this requirement shall be fulfilled if two doors of the
different sections are separated such that the distance between the doors is not less
than 40% of the overall length of the combined passenger compartment (all sections).
If one of these two doors forms part of a double door this distance shall be measured
between the two doors which are furthest apart.
7.6.2.2.2. In the case of a double deck vehicle, two of the doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1.
above shall be separated such that the distance between transverse vertical planes
through their centres of area is not less than either 25% of the overall length of the
vehicle or 40% of the overall length of the passenger compartment on the lower deck;
this shall not apply if the two doors are on different sides of the vehicle. If one of these
two doors forms part of a double door, this distance shall be measured between the two
doors which are furthest apart.
7.6.2.3. The exits (on each deck in the case of a double-deck vehicle) shall be placed in such a
way that their number on each of the two sides of the vehicle is substantially the same.
(This shall not imply the need to provide additional exits over and above the number
specified in Paragraph 7.6.1. above). Any exits in excess of the required minimum
number need not be substantially balanced on each of the two sides.

7.6.4.2. Every control or device for opening a door from the outside shall be between 1,000mm
and 1,500mm from the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of
Class I, II and III every control or device for opening a door from the inside shall be
between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest the
control and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls
located within the driver's area.
7.6.4.3. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted that if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while
the vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.
7.6.4.4. If a manually-operated service door is fitted with a slam lock it shall be of the two-stage
type.
7.6.4.5. On the inside of a service door there shall not be any device intended to cover the inside
steps when the door is closed. This does not exclude the presence in the step well, when
the door is closed, of the door operating mechanism and other equipment attached to the
inside of the door which does not form an extension of the floor on which passengers
may stand. This mechanism and equipment should not be dangerous for the
passengers.
7.6.4.6. If the direct view is not adequate, optical or other devices shall be installed to enable the
driver to detect from his seat the presence of a passenger in the immediate interior and
exterior vicinity of every side service door which is not an automatically-operated service
door.
In the case of double-deck vehicles of Class I, this requirement also applies to the
interior of all service doors and to the immediate vicinity of each intercommunication
staircase on the upper deck.
In the case of a service door in the rear face of the vehicle not exceeding 22 passengers,
this requirement is satisfied if the driver is able to detect the presence of a person 1.3m
tall standing 1m behind the vehicle.
Driving mirrors may be used to meet the requirements of this paragraph provided that
the field of view required for driving is still met.
In the case of doors situated behind the articulated section of an articulated vehicle,
mirrors shall not be deemed to be a sufficient optical device.
7.6.4.7. Every door which opens towards the interior of the vehicle and its mechanism shall be so
constructed that its movement is not likely to cause injury to passengers in normal
conditions of use. Where necessary, appropriate protection devices shall be fitted.
7.6.4.8. If a service door is located adjacent to a door to a toilet or other internal compartment the
service door shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this requirement
shall not apply if the door is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.

7.6.5.2. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from the driving seat to
deactivate the outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from
outside. In this case, the outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically
either by the starting of the engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20km/h.
Subsequently, deactivation of the outside emergency controls shall not occur
automatically, but shall require a further action by the driver.
7.6.5.3. Every driver-operated service door shall be capable of operation by the driver when in
the driving seat using controls which, except in the case of a foot control, are clearly and
distinctively marked.
7.6.5.4. Every power-operated service door shall activate a visual tell-tale, which shall be plainly
visible to the driver when seated in the normal driving position in any normal ambient
lighting condition, to warn that a door is not fully closed. This tell-tale shall signal
whenever the rigid structure of the door is between the fully open position and a point
30mm from the fully closed position. One tell-tale may serve for one or more doors.
However, no such tell-tale shall be fitted in respect of a front service door which does not
comply with the requirements of Paragraphs 7.6.5.6.1.1 and 7.6.5.6.1.2. below.
7.6.5.5. Where controls are provided for the driver to open and close a power-operated service
door, they shall be such that the driver is able to reverse the movement of the door at
any time during the closing or opening process.
7.6.5.6. The construction and control system of every power-operated service door shall be such
that a passenger is unlikely to be injured by the door or trapped in the door as it closes.
7.6.5.6.1. This requirement shall be considered satisfied if the following two requirements are met:
7.6.5.6.1.1. The first requirement is that when the closing of the door at any measuring point
described in Annex 6 is resisted by a clamping force not exceeding 150N, the door shall
reopen automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remain open until a closing control is operated. The
clamping force may be measured by any method to the satisfaction of the Type Approval
Authority. Guidelines are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation. The peak force may be
higher than 150N for a short time provided that it does not exceed 300N. The reopening
system may be checked by means of a test bar having a section of height 60mm, width
30mm with corners radiused to 5mm.
7.6.5.6.1.2. The second requirement is that whenever the doors are closed onto the wrist or fingers
of a passenger:
7.6.5.6.1.2.1. The door reopens automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remains open until a closing control is operated, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.2. The wrist or fingers can be readily extracted from the doors without risk of injury to the
passenger. This requirement may be checked by hand, or by means of the test bar
mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1. above, tapered at one end over a length of 300mm
from a thickness of 30mm to a thickness of 5mm. It shall not be treated with polish nor
lubricated. If the door traps the bar it shall be capable of being easily removed, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.3. The door is maintained at a position allowing the free passage of a test bar having a
section of height 60mm, width 20mm, with corners radiused to 5mm. This position shall
not be more than 30mm distant from the fully closed position.

7.6.6.2.2. The pressing of the push-buttons mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.6.2.1.1. above, and the
use of the means of communication with the driver mentioned in Paragraph 7.7.9.1.
below, may send a signal which is stored and which, after the activation of the opening
controls by the driver, effects the opening of the door.
7.6.6.3. Closing of Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.3.1. When an automatically-operated service door has opened it shall close again
automatically after a time interval has elapsed. If a passenger enters or leaves the
vehicle during this time interval, a safety device (e.g. a footboard contact, light barrier,
one-way gate) shall ensure that the time until the door closes is sufficiently extended.
7.6.6.3.2. If the passenger enters or leaves the vehicle while the door is closing, the closing
process shall be interrupted automatically and the door shall return to the open position.
The reversal may be actuated by one of the safety devices referred to in
Paragraph 7.6.6.3.1. above or by any other device.
7.6.6.3.3. A door that has closed automatically in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.3.1. above shall
be capable of being opened again by a passenger in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.2.
above; this shall not apply if the driver has deactivated the opening controls.
7.6.6.3.4. After deactivation of the opening controls of the automatically-operated service doors by
the driver, open doors shall close in accordance with Paragraphs 7.6.6.3.1 and 7.6.6.3.2.
above.
7.6.6.4. Inhibition of the Automatic Closing Process on Doors Marked for Special Service, e.g. for
Passengers with Prams, Passengers with Reduced Mobility, etc.
7.6.6.4.1. The driver shall be able to inhibit the automatic closing process by actuation of a special
control. A passenger shall also be able to inhibit the automatic closing process directly
by pressing a special push-button.
7.6.6.4.2. The inhibition of the automatic closing process shall be indicated to the driver, e.g. by a
visual tell-tale.
7.6.6.4.3. Re-establishment of the automatic closing process shall in any case be capable of being
done by the driver.
7.6.6.4.4. Paragraph 7.6.6.3. above shall apply to the subsequent closing of the door.
7.6.7. Technical Requirements for Emergency Doors
7.6.7.1. Emergency doors shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
when the vehicle is stationary. However, this requirement shall not be construed as
precluding the possibility of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can
always be opened from the inside by the use of the normal opening mechanism.

7.6.8.2.2. Be made of readily-breakable safety glass. This latter provision precludes the possibility
of using panes of laminated glass or of plastic material. A device shall be provided
adjacent to each emergency window, readily available to persons inside the vehicle, to
ensure that each window can be broken. The device for braking the glass for the
emergency windows at the rear of the vehicle shall be positioned either centrally above
or below the emergency window or, alternatively, a device shall be positioned adjacent to
each end of the window.
7.6.8.3. Every emergency window which can be locked from the outside shall be so constructed
as to be capable of being opened at all times from inside the vehicle.
7.6.8.4. If the emergency window is of a type horizontally hinged at the top edge, an appropriate
device shall be provided to hold it fully open. Every hinged emergency window shall
operate so as not to obstruct clear passage from inside or outside the vehicle.
7.6.8.5. The height of the lower edge of an emergency window fitted in the side of the vehicle
from the general level of the floor immediately below it (excluding any local variations
such as the presence of a wheel or transmission housing) shall be not more than
1,200mm nor less than 650mm in the case of a hinged emergency window, or 500mm in
the case of a window made of breakable glass.
However, in the case of a hinged emergency window, the height of the lower edge may
be reduced to a minimum of 500mm provided that the window aperture is equipped with
a guard up to a height of 650mm to prevent the possibility of passengers falling out of the
vehicle. Where the window aperture is equipped with a guard, the size of the window
aperture above the guard shall not be less than the minimum size prescribed for an
emergency window.
7.6.8.6. Every hinged emergency window which is not clearly visible from the driver's seat shall
be fitted with an audible warning device to warn the driver when it is not completely
closed. The window lock, and not the movement of the window itself, shall actuate this
device.
7.6.9. Technical Requirements for Escape Hatches
7.6.9.1. Every escape hatch shall operate so as not to obstruct the clear passage from inside or
outside the vehicle.
7.6.9.2. Roof escape hatches shall be ejectable, hinged or made of readily-breakable safety
glass. Floor hatches shall be either hinged or ejectable and shall be fitted with an audible
warning device to warn the driver when it is not securely closed. The floor escape hatch
lock, and not the movement of the hatch itself, shall actuate this device. Floor escape
hatches shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However this requirement shall
not apply if the floor hatch is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.9.3. Ejectable types shall not become totally detached from the vehicle when operated such
that the hatch is not a danger to other road users. The operation of ejectable escape
hatches shall be such that inadvertent operation is effectively prevented. Floor ejectable
hatches shall eject only into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.4. Hinged escape hatches shall hinge along the edge towards the front or rear of the
vehicle and shall hinge through an angle of at least 100°. Hinged floor escape hatches
shall hinge into the passenger compartment.

7.6.11.2. The emergency controls of service doors and of all emergency exits shall be marked as
such inside and outside the vehicle either by a representative symbol or by a
clearly-worded inscription.
7.6.11.3. Clear instructions concerning the method of operation shall be placed on or close to
every emergency control of an exit.
7.6.11.4. The language in which any textual markings intended to comply with
Paragraphs 7.6.11.1 to 7.6.11.3. above are to be inscribed shall be determined by the
approving authority bearing in mind the country/countries in which the applicant intends
to market the vehicle in liaison if necessary with the competent authorities of the
country/countries concerned. If the authority of the country/countries where the vehicle is
to be registered has the language changed, this change shall imply no new typeapproval
process.
7.6.12. Service-door Lighting
7.6.12.1. Service-door lighting may be provided to illuminate the flat, horizontal portion of the
ground defined in Paragraph 7.6.12.2.2. below so as to aid passengers boarding and
alighting the vehicle and to enable the presence of a passenger within this portion of the
ground to be detected by the driver from his seat.
7.6.12.2. Service-door lighting, if fitted, shall:
7.6.12.2.1. Be of white colour;
7.6.12.2.2. Illuminate a flat, horizontal portion of the ground having a width of 2m measured from a
plane parallel to the median longitudinal vertical plane of the vehicle which passes
through the outermost point of the closed service door and over a length extending from
a transverse plane which passes through the foremost edge of the closed service door to
a transverse plane passing through the centre line of the foremost wheels situated to the
rear of the service door, or, in the case where there are no such wheels, to a transverse
plane passing through the rear of the vehicle;
7.6.12.2.3. Have limited dazzle outside a zone on the ground having a maximum width of 5m
measured from the side of the vehicle and a maximum length limited by a transverse
plane passing through the front of the vehicle and a transverse plane passing through
the rear of the vehicle;
7.6.12.2.4. If the lower edge of the lighting device is less than 2m from the ground, not project more
than 50mm beyond the overall width of the vehicle measured without this device and
have radii of curvature of not less than 2.5mm;
7.6.12.2.5. Be activated and deactivated manually by a separate switch, and
7.6.12.2.6. Be installed so that the device can only be switched on when a service door is operated
and the vehicle speed does not exceed 5km/h and is switched off automatically before
the vehicle reaches a speed exceeding 5km/h.

7.7.1.8.3. The door is not considered to be a mandatory exit for the purpose of Paragraph 7.6.1.4.
of this Annex;
7.7.1.8.4. When the seat is in the position of use, and when it is in the folded position, no part of it
shall be:
(a)
Forward of a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating surface of the
driver's seat in its rearmost and lowest position and through the centre of the
exterior rear-view mirror mounted on the opposite side of the vehicle or through
the centre of any monitor used as device for indirect vision, whatever applicable,
and
(b)
Above a horizontal plane which is located 300mm above the centre of the seating
surface of the driver's seat in its rearmost and lowest position.
7.7.1.9. In the case of vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers a doorway and
the route by which passengers gain access to it shall be considered unobstructed if they
have:
7.7.1.9.1. Measured parallel with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, there is a clearance of not less
than 220mm at any point and 550mm at any point being more than 500mm above the
floor or steps (Annex 4, Figure 3).
7.7.1.9.2. Measured perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, there is a clearance of not
less than 300mm at any point and 550mm at any point being more than 1,200mm above
the floor or steps or less than 300mm below the ceiling (Annex 4, Figure 4).
7.7.1.10. The service door and emergency door dimensions in Paragraph 7.6.3.1 and the
requirements of Paragraphs 7.7.1.1 to 7.7.1.7, 7.7.2.1 to 7.7.2.3, 7.7.5.1 and 7.7.8.5. of
this Annex shall not apply to a vehicle of Class B with a technically permissible maximum
mass not exceeding 3.5t and up to 12 passenger seats in which each seat has
unobstructed access to at least two doors.
7.7.1.11. The maximum slope of the floor in the access passage shall not exceed 5%.
7.7.1.12. The surface of access passages shall be slip-resistant.
7.7.2. Access to Emergency Doors (see Annex 4, Figure 5)
The following requirements shall not apply to driver's doors used as emergency exits in
vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers.
7.7.2.1. Except as provided for in Paragraph 7.7.2.4. below, the free space between the gangway
and the emergency door aperture shall permit the free passage of a vertical cylinder
300mm in diameter and 700mm high from the floor and supporting a second vertical
cylinder 550mm in diameter, the aggregate height of the assembly being 1,400mm.
The diameter of the upper cylinder may be reduced at the top to 400mm when a chamfer
not exceeding 30° from the horizontal is included.

7.7.5. Gangways (see Annex 4, Figure 6)
7.7.5.1. The gangway(s) of a vehicle shall be so designed and constructed as to permit the free
passage of a gauging device consisting of two co-axial cylinders with an inverted
truncated cone interposed between them, the gauging device having the dimensions
shown in Annex 4, Figure 6.
The gauging device may come into contact with strap hangers, if fitted, or other flexible
objects such as seat belt components and move them easily away.
In vehicles of Classes I and A, the gauging device according to Annex 4, Figure 6 shall
not come into contact with any monitor or display device mounted from the ceiling above
the gangway.
In vehicles of Classes II, III and B, the gauging device according to Annex 4, Figure 6
may come into contact with any monitor or display device mounted from the ceiling
above the gangway. The maximum force necessary to move any such monitor or display
device out of the way, in both directions, shall not exceed 35N. This maximum force shall
be applied normal to the middle of the lower edge of the monitor or display device in both
directions in turn until the monitor or display device has reached a position which allows
clear passage of the gauging device. After being moved out of the way, the monitor or
display device shall maintain its position and not automatically redeploy.
If a vehicle of Class I, II or A is fitted with a barrier, the gauging device according to
Annex 4, Figure 6, may come into contact with the barrier provided that the maximum
force necessary to move such barrier out of the way does not exceed 50N measured at
the point of contact between the gauging device according to Annex 4, Figure 6 and the
barrier and applied perpendicular to the barrier.
The maximum force shall apply to both directions of movement of the gauging device.
If the vehicle is equipped with a lift adjacent to the barrier, the barrier may be temporarily
blocked during the operation of the lift.
7.7.5.1.1. If there is no exit forward of a seat or row of seats:
7.7.5.1.1.1. In the case of forward-facing seats, the front edge of the cylindrical gauge defined in
Paragraph 7.7.5.1. above shall reach at least until the transverse vertical plane
tangential to the foremost point of the foremost front row seat back and be retained in
that position. From this plane, it shall be possible to move the panel shown in Annex 4,
Figure 7, in such a way that starting from the contact position with the cylindrical gauge,
the panel side facing the exterior of the vehicle is displaced forwards a distance of
660mm.
7.7.5.1.1.2. In the case of sideways facing seats, the forward part of the cylindrical gauge shall reach
at least the transversal plane which coincides with a vertical plane passing through the
centre of the forward seat. (Annex 4, Figure 7).
7.7.5.1.1.3. In the case of rearward facing seats, the forward part of the cylindrical gauge shall reach
at least the transverse vertical plane tangential to the face of the seat cushions of the
forward row or seat (Annex 4, Figure 7).
7.7.5.2. (Reserved).

7.7.7.3. The height of the first step in relation to the ground shall be measured with the vehicle on
level ground, at its mass in running order as defined in Paragraph 2.18 of this
Regulation, and the tyre equipment and pressure being as specified by the manufacturer
for the technically permissible maximum laden mass (M) declared in accordance with
Paragraph 2.19 of this Regulation.
7.7.7.4. Where there is more than one step, each step may extend into the area of the vertical
projection of the next step by up to 100mm and the projection over the tread below shall
leave a free surface of at least 200mm (see Annex 4, Figure 8) with all step nosing’s
being designed such as to minimise the risk of tripping. All step nosing’s shall contrast
visually with their immediate surroundings.
7.7.7.5. The width and shape of every step shall be such that a rectangle as indicated in the table
below can be placed on that step with not more than 5% of the area of the appropriate
rectangle overhanging the step. At a double doorway each half of the doorway shall fulfil
this requirement.
Number of passengers > 22 ≤ 22
Area First step (mm) 400 × 300 400 × 200
Other steps (mm) 400 × 200 400 × 200
7.7.7.6. All steps shall have a slip-resistant surface.
7.7.7.7. The maximum slope of the step in any direction shall not exceed 5%.
7.7.8. Passenger Seats (Including Folding Seats) and Space for Seated Passengers
7.7.8.1. Minimum Seat Width (see Annex 4, Figure 9)
7.7.8.1.1. The minimum width of the seat cushion, Dimension F (Annex 4, Figure 9), measured
from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that seating position, shall be:
7.7.8.1.1.1. 200mm in the case of Class I, II, A, B; or
7.7.8.1.1.2. 225mm in the case of Class III.
7.7.8.1.2. The minimum width of the available space for each seating position, Dimension G
(Annex 4, Figure 9), measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that
seating position at heights between 270mm and 650mm above the uncompressed seat
cushion, shall be not less than:
7.7.8.1.2.1. 250mm in the case of Individual seats; or
7.7.8.1.2.2. 225mm in the case of continuous rows of seats for two or more passengers.

7.7.8.4.3. Where transverse seats face one another the minimum distance between the front faces of
the seat squabs of facing seats, as measured across the highest points of the seat
cushions, shall be not less than 1,300mm.
7.7.8.4.4. Measurements shall be taken with reclining passenger seats and adjustable driving
seats with their seat backs and other seat adjustments in the normal position of use
specified by the manufacturer.
7.7.8.4.5. Measurements shall be taken with any folding table fitted to a seat back in the folded
(stowed) position.
7.7.8.4.6. Seats which are mounted on a track or other system which permits the operator or the
user to easily vary the interior configuration of the vehicle shall be measured in the
normal position of use specified by the manufacturer in the application for approval.
7.7.8.5. Space for Seated Passengers (see Annex 4, Figure 13)
7.7.8.5.1. For a seat behind a partition or other rigid structure other than a seat, a minimum clear
space in front of each required passenger seating space (as defined in
Paragraph 7.7.8.6. below) shall be provided as shown in Annex 4, Figure 13. A partition
whose contour corresponds approximately to that of the inclined seat back may intrude
into this space. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles of Class A or
B, intrusion of the dashboard, instrument panel, gear change control, windscreen, sun
visor, seat belts and seat belt anchorages shall be allowed.
7.7.8.5.2. For a seat behind a seat and/or a seat facing the gangway, a minimum clear foot space
of at least 300mm depth and a width according to Paragraph 7.7.8.1.1. of this Annex,
shall be provided as shown in Annex 4, Figure 11b. The local presence in this space of
seat legs, passenger footrests and of intrusions as provided by Paragraph 7.7.8.6. below
shall be permitted provided that adequate space remains for the passengers' feet. This
foot space may partly be situated in and/or above the gangway but shall not create any
obstruction when measuring the minimum gangway-width in accordance with
Paragraph 7.7.5. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles of Class A or
B, intrusion of the seat belts and seat belt anchorages shall be allowed.
7.7.8.5.3. The minimum number of priority seats complying with the requirements of Annex 8,
Paragraph 3.2. shall be four in Class I, two in Class II and one in Class A. In the case of
vehicles of Class III or Class B subject to the requirements of Annex 8, the minimum
number of priority seats shall be two in Class III and one in Class B.
A seat that folds out of the way when not in use shall not be designated as a priority
seat.

7.7.8.6.4.2. In the case of a vehicle for up to 22 passengers, intrusion of a wheel arch provided that
one of the following two conditions is fulfilled:
7.7.8.6.4.2.1. The intrusion does not extend beyond the median vertical plane of the seating position
(see Annex 4, Figure 18), or
7.7.8.6.4.2.2. The nearest edge of the area 300mm in depth available for the feet of the seated
passenger is advanced no more than 200mm from the edge of the uncompressed seat
cushion and to not more than 600mm in front of the squab of the seat, these
measurements being made in the median vertical plane of the seating position (see
Annex 4, Figure 19). In the case of two seats facing each other this provision shall apply
to only one of the seats and the remaining space for the feet of seated passengers shall
be at least 400mm.
7.7.8.6.4.3. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles with up to 22 passengers,
intrusion of the dashboard/instrument panel, windscreen, sun visors, seat belts, seat belt
anchorages and front dome.
7.7.8.6.4.4. Intrusion of hopper type windows when open and their fittings.
7.7.9. Communication with the Driver
7.7.9.1. On vehicles of Classes I, II and A, a means shall be provided to enable passengers to
signal that the driver should stop the vehicle. The controls for all such communication
devices shall be capable of being operated with the palm of the hand. There shall be
appropriate communication devices distributed adequately and evenly throughout the
vehicle and no more than 1,500mm from the floor, this does not exclude the possibility of
installing higher additional communication devices. Controls shall contrast visually with
their immediate surroundings. Activation of the control shall also be indicated to the
passengers by means of one or more illuminated signs. The sign shall display the words
"bus stopping" or equivalent, and/or a suitable pictogram and shall remain illuminated
until the service door(s) open. Articulated vehicles shall have such signs in each rigid
section of the vehicle. Double-deck vehicles shall have them on each deck. The
provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.4. of this Annex apply to any textual markings used.
7.7.9.2. Communication with the Crew Compartment
If a crew compartment is fitted without access to the driver or passenger compartments,
a means of communication between the driver and this crew compartment shall be
provided.
7.7.9.3. Communication with the Toilet Compartment
Toilet compartments shall be fitted with a means of summoning assistance in an
emergency.

7.7.13. Driver's Compartment
7.7.13.1. The driver shall be protected from standing passengers and from passengers seated
immediately behind the driver's compartment who may be projected into the driver's
compartment in the event of braking or cornering. This requirement shall be deemed to
be satisfied if:
7.7.13.1.1. The rear of the driver’s compartment is enclosed by a partition; or
7.7.13.1.2. In the case of passenger seats located immediately behind the driver's compartment
either a guard or, in the case of a vehicle of Class A or B, a safety-belt is fitted. For
vehicles having an area available for standing passengers immediately behind the
driver's compartment, the option of fitting a safety-belt shall not apply. Where fitted, a
guard shall comply with the requirements specified in Paragraphs 7.7.13.1.2.1. to
7.7.13.1.2.3. below (see Annex 4, Figure 30).
7.7.13.1.2.1. The minimum height of the guard measured from the floor on which the passenger's feet
rest shall be 800mm.
7.7.13.1.2.2. The width of the guard shall extend inwards from the wall of the vehicle at least as far as
100mm beyond the longitudinal centre line of the innermost relevant passenger seat, but
in any case shall extend at least as far as the innermost point of the driver's seat.
7.7.13.1.2.3. The distance between the uppermost edge of an area destined to hold any object (e.g. a
table) and the uppermost edge of a guard shall be at least 90mm.
7.7.13.2. The driver's compartment shall be protected from objects liable to roll into it from the
passenger area immediately behind the compartment in the case of heavy braking. This
requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied when a ball of 50mm diameter cannot roll
into the driver's compartment from the passenger area immediately behind the
compartment.
7.7.13.3. The driver shall be protected from the sun and from the effects of glare and reflections
caused by artificial interior lighting. Any lighting likely to affect adversely and significantly
the driver's vision shall be capable of being operated only while the vehicle is at rest.
7.7.13.4. The vehicle shall be provided with devices allowing defrosting and demisting of the
windscreen.
7.7.14. Driver's Seat
7.7.14.1. The driver's seat shall be independent of other seats.
7.7.14.2. The seat back shall either be curved or the driver's area shall be provided with armrests
positioned in such a way that the driver is neither constrained during vehicle
manoeuvring operations, nor becomes unbalanced by transverse accelerations which
can occur in service.
7.7.14.3. The minimum width of the seat cushion, (Dimension F, see Annex 4, Figure 9) measured
from a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seat, shall be:
7.7.14.3.1. 200mm in the case of Class A or B;
7.7.14.3.2. 225mm in the case of Class I, II or III.

7.9. Articulated Section of Articulated Vehicles
7.9.1. The articulated section that interconnects rigid portions of the vehicle shall be so
designed and constructed as to allow at least one rotary movement about at least one
horizontal axis, and at least one vertical axis.
7.9.2. When the articulated vehicle at its mass in running order is stationary on a horizontal
level surface, there shall not be between the floor of either of the rigid sections and the
floor of the rotating base or of the element replacing that base an uncovered gap of a
width exceeding:
7.9.2.1. 10mm when all the wheels of the vehicle are on the same plane, or
7.9.2.2. 20mm when the wheels of the axle adjacent to the articulated section are resting on a
surface which is 150mm higher than the surface on which the wheels of the other axles
are resting.
7.9.3. The difference in level between the floor of the rigid portions and the floor of the rotating
base, measured at the joint, shall not exceed:
7.9.3.1. 20mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.1. above, or
7.9.3.2. 30mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.2. above.
7.9.4. On articulated vehicles means shall be provided to physically prevent access by
passengers to any part of the articulated section where:
7.9.4.1. The floor has an uncovered gap not complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.9.2;
7.9.4.2. The floor cannot carry the mass of the passengers;
7.9.4.3. The movements of the walls constitute a danger to passengers.
7.10. Direction-holding of Articulated Vehicles
When an articulated vehicle is moving in a straight line, the longitudinal median planes of
its rigid portion shall coincide and form a continuous plane without any deflection.
7.11. Handrails and Handholds
7.11.1. General Requirements
7.11.1.1. Handrails and handholds shall be of adequate strength.
7.11.1.2. They shall be so designed and installed as to present no risk of injury to passengers.
7.11.1.3. Handrails and handholds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every handrail shall provide a length of at least 100mm to accommodate a
hand. No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 20mm or greater than 45mm
except in the case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of
Class II, III or B, in access passages. In these cases handrails having a minimum
dimension of 15mm shall be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least
25mm. Handrails shall not have sharp bends.

7.11.5. Handrails and Handholds for Intercommunication Staircases in Double Deck Vehicles
7.11.5.1. Suitable handrails or handholds shall be provided at each side of all intercommunication
staircases. These shall be positioned between 800mm and 1,100mm above the tread
edge of each step.
7.11.5.2. The handrails and/or handholds to be provided shall be such that they include a grasping
point available to a person standing on the lower or upper deck adjacent to the
intercommunication staircase, and at any of the successive steps. Such points shall be
situated vertically between 800mm and 1,100mm above the lower deck or each above
the surface of each step, and,
7.11.5.2.1. For the position appropriate to a person standing on the lower deck, not more than
400mm inwards from the outer edge of the first step, and
7.11.5.2.2. For the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the
step considered, and not more than 600mm inwards from the same edge.
7.12. Guarding of Step Wells and Exposed Seats
7.12.1. Where any seated passenger is likely to be thrown forward into a step well as a result of
heavy braking, either a guard or, in the case of a vehicle of Class A or B, a safety-belt
shall be fitted. Where fitted, the guard shall have a minimum height from the floor on
which the passenger's feet rest of 800mm and shall extend inwards from the wall of the
vehicle at least as far as 100mm beyond the longitudinal centreline of any seating
position where the passenger is at risk or to the riser of the innermost step; whichever is
the lesser dimension.
7.12.2. On the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle, the intercommunication staircase well shall
be protected by an enclosed guard having a minimum height of 800mm measured from
the floor. The lower edge of the guard shall not be more than 100mm from the floor.
7.12.3. The front windscreen ahead of passengers occupying upper deck front seats of a
double-deck vehicle shall be provided with a padded guard. The higher edge of that
protection shall be situated vertically between 800mm and 900mm above the floor where
the passenger's feet rest.
7.12.4. The riser of each step in an intercommunication staircase of a double deck vehicle shall
be closed.
7.13. Baggage Racks and Occupant Protection
The occupants of the vehicle shall be protected from objects liable to fall from baggage
racks under braking or cornering forces. If baggage compartments are fitted, they shall
be designed in such a way that baggage is prevented from falling in the event of sudden
braking.
7.14. Trap Doors, if Fitted
7.14.1. Every trap door, that is not an escape hatch, on the floor of a vehicle shall be so fitted
and secured that it cannot be dislodged or opened without the use of tools or keys and
no lifting or securing device shall project by more than 8mm above floor level. Edges of
projections shall be rounded.

ANNEX 3 − APPENDIX
VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION
1. A vehicle may be shown to meet the requirement specified in Paragraph 7.4 of Annex 3 by a
calculation method approved by the Technical Service for conducting the tests.
2. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
parts of the vehicle to verify the assumption made in the calculation.
3. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
3.1. The vehicle shall be represented by a spatial system.
3.2. Due to the location of the centre of gravity of the body of the vehicle and the different spring rates
of the vehicle suspension and tyres, axles do not generally lift simultaneously on one side of the
vehicle as a result of lateral acceleration. Therefore, lateral tilting of the body over each axle has
to be ascertained on the supposition that the wheels of the other axle(s) remain on the ground.
3.3. To simplify matters, it shall be assumed that the centre of gravity of the unsprung masses lies in
the longitudinal plane of the vehicle on the line passing through the centre of the wheel rotation
axle. The small shifting of the roll centre due to deflection of the axle can be neglected. The air
suspension control should not be taken into account.
3.4. The following parameters, at least, shall be taken into account:
Vehicle data such as wheel base, tread width and sprung/unsprung masses, location of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle, deflection and rebound and the spring rate of the vehicle
suspension, considering also non-linearity, horizontal and vertical spring rate of the tyres, torsion
of the superstructure, location of the roll centre of the axles.
4. VALIDITY OF THE CALCULATION METHOD
4.1. The validity of the calculation method shall be established to the satisfaction of the technical
service, e.g. on the basis of a comparative test with a similar vehicle.

Figure 2
Access to Service Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.4)
Figure 3
Determination of Unobstructed Access to Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.9.1)

Figure 6
Gangway Mannequin
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.)

Figure 7
Forward Limitation of the Gangway
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1.1)

G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
225
250
Figure 9
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.)
G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
200
200
Figure 9A
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.3)

H = 400/500mm
K = 350mm min
Figure 11a
Seat-cushion Depth and Height
(see Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.7.8.2 and 7.7.8.3)

Figure 12B
Testing Gauge for H Dimension (see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.4.2.)
Thickness of the gauge: 5mm max

Figure 14
Permitted Intrusion into Space above Seat
Transversal Section of the Minimum Free Space above
a Seating Place Adjacent to the Wall of the Vehicle
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.1)

Figure 16
Permitted Intrusion in Lower Part of Passenger Space
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.3)

Figure 18
Permitted Intrusion of a Wheel Arch not Extending beyond the
Vertical Centreline of the Side Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.4.2.1)
Figure 19
Permitted Intrusion of a Wheel Arch Extending beyond the
Vertical Centreline of the Side Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.4.2.2)

Note:
A wheelchair user seated in the wheelchair adds 50mm to the overall length and makes a height of
1,350mm above the ground
Figure 21
Reference Wheelchair
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.6.4)
Figure 22
Minimum Clear Space for the Wheelchair User at the Wheelchair Space
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.6.1)

Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols:
ISO 3864-1:2011
Figure 23C
Pictogram for Pram and Pushchair Area A
Figure 24
(Reserved)
Figure 25
Passenger Foot Space
(see Annexx 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.6)

Figure 27
Access to Driver's Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2)
Figure 28
Access to Driver's Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.1.9.3)

Figure 30

2.5. The relation between the above parameters is shown in Figure 1 below (as an example):
Figure 1
2.6. Clamping or mean reactive force F is the arithmetical mean value of the effective forces,
measured at the same measuring point subsequently more times:
F
=

( F )
n
i
3. MEASUREMENTS
3.1. Conditions of measurement:
3.1.1. Temperature range: 10° − 30°C
3.1.2. The vehicle shall be standing on a horizontal surface. In the case of ramp measurements, this
surface shall be fitted with a rigidly mounted block or other similar device having a face against
which the ramp can react.
3.2. Measurements points shall be:
3.2.1. In the case of doors:
3.2.1.1. At the main closing edges of the door:
one in the middle of the door;
one 150mm above the lower edge of the door.
3.2.1.2. If equipped with clamping prevention devices for the opening process:
At the secondary closing edges of the door at that point which is considered to be the most
dangerous place of clamping.

4.2.2. The stiffness of the load cell shall be 10 ± 0.2 N/mm. The maximum spring deflection shall be
limited to 30mm so that a maximum peak force of 300N is achieved.
Figure 2

1.1.1. A vehicle to which Paragraph 7.7.1.10. of Annex 3 applies shall meet the requirements of
Paragraph 7.6.3.1. of Annex 3 or Paragraph 1.1. of this Annex as regards emergency windows
and escape hatches, and the following minimum requirements as regards service doors and
emergency doors:
Aperture Dimensions Remarks
Service door
Emergency
door
Aperture Height:
1,100mm
Width:
Single door:
650mm
Double door:
1,200mm
Height: 1,100mm
Width: 550mm
This dimension may be reduced by a radius at the corners
of the aperture not exceeding 150mm.
This dimension may be reduced by a radius at the corners
of the aperture not exceeding 150mm. The width may be
reduced by 100mm when the measurement is made at the
level of the handholds and by 250mm in cases where
intruding wheel arches or the actuating mechanism for
automatic or remote-control doors or the rake of the
windscreen so require.
The width may be reduced to 300mm in cases where
intruding wheel arches so require, providing that the width
of 550mm is respected at the minimum height of 400mm
above the lowest part of the door aperture. The upper
corners may be reduced with round-offs with a radius of
not more than 150mm.
1.2. Siting of Exits
1.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side of the
road corresponding to the direction of the traffic in the country in which the vehicle is to be
registered, or in the rear face of the vehicle.
1.2.2. The exits shall be placed in such a way that there is at least one exit on each side of the vehicle.
1.2.3. The forward half and the rearward half of the passenger space shall each contain at least one
exit.
1.2.4. At least one exit shall be situated either in the rear face or in the front face of the vehicle unless
an escape hatch is fitted.

3.2.5. The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangent to the front upper surface of the seat
cushion is between 400mm and 500mm.
3.2.6. The foot space at priority seating positions shall extend forward of the seat from a
vertical plane through the forward edge of the seat cushion. The foot space shall not
have a slope in any direction of more than 8%. For vehicles of Classes I and A, the
vertical distance between the floor of the seating area and the adjacent gangway shall be
not more than 250mm.
3.2.7. Each priority seating position shall have a free height of not less than 1,300mm for
vehicles of Class I and A and 900mm for vehicles of Class II, measured from the highest
point of the uncompressed seat cushion. This free height shall extend over the vertical
projection of the minimum required seat width of 440mm and the associated foot space
Intrusion of a seat back or other object into this space shall be permitted provided that a
minimum clear vertical space extending 230mm in front of the seat cushion is
maintained. Where the priority seat is positioned facing a bulkhead more than 1,200mm
in height this space shall be 300mm. From the edges of the free space defined above,
intrusions are permitted in accordance with Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.3.1 to 7.7.8.6.3.4 of
Annex 3 as if reference to the clear space in Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.1 and 7.7.8.6.2 of
Annex 3 is a reference to the clear space defined above. The provisions of Paragraph
7.7.8.1.4 of Annex 3 may apply. Intrusions of handholds or handrails as mentioned in
Paragraph 3.4.2. below may protrude by a maximum of 100mm from the sidewall into the
clear space over the vertical projection of the foot space.
3.2.8. Vehicles fitted with a priority seat shall have pictogram(s) in accordance with Annex 4,
Figure 23B visible from the outside, both on the front nearside of the vehicle and
adjacent to the relevant service door(s). A pictogram shall be placed internally adjacent
to the priority seat.
3.3. Communication Devices
3.3.1. Communication devices shall be placed adjacent to any priority seat and within any
wheelchair area and shall be at a height between 700mm and 1,200mm above the floor.
3.3.2. Communication devices situated in the low floor area shall be at a height between
800mm and 1,500mm where there are no seats.
3.3.3. (Reserved)
3.3.4. If a vehicle is fitted with a ramp or lift, a means of communication with the driver shall be
fitted outside, adjacent to the door, and at a height between 850mm and 1,300mm from
the ground. This requirement shall not apply to a door situated in the direct field of vision
of the driver.

3.6.4.1. By "moving freely and easily", it is meant that there exists:
(a)
(b)
Sufficient space available for the wheelchair user to manoeuvre without the
assistance of a person;
There are no steps, gaps or stanchions which could be an obstacle to the free
movement of the wheelchair user.
3.6.4.2. For the application of the above provisions, the test shall be performed, in the case of
vehicles of Class I and A fitted with more than one wheelchair space, for each
wheelchair space with all other wheelchair spaces occupied by the reference wheelchair.
3.6.5. In vehicles of Class I and A fitted with a ramp for wheelchair access, it shall be possible
for a reference wheelchair having the dimensions shown in Annex 4, Figure 21 to enter
and exit a vehicle with the wheelchair moving in a forward direction.
3.6.6. Vehicles fitted with a wheelchair space shall have pictogram(s) in accordance with
Annex 4, Figure 23A visible from the outside, both on the front nearside of the vehicle
and adjacent to the relevant service door(s).
One of these pictograms shall be placed internally adjacent to each wheelchair space
indicating whether the wheelchair is to be positioned facing the front or the rear of the
vehicle.
3.7. Seats and Standing Passengers in the Wheelchair Space
3.7.1. Folding seats may be fitted in a wheelchair space. However, such seats when folded and
out of use shall not intrude into the wheelchair space.
3.7.2. A vehicle may be equipped with demountable seats fitted in the wheelchair space
provided that such seats may be easily removed by the driver or a crew member.
3.7.3. For vehicles of Class I, II and A, where the foot space of any seat, or part of a folding
seat when in use, intrudes into a wheelchair space, those seats shall have signs fixed on
or adjacent to them with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.4. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.
3.7.4. In vehicles where any wheelchair space is designated for use exclusively by a
wheelchair user as provided for in Paragraph 7.2.2.2.10. of Annex 3, those spaces shall
be clearly marked with the following text, equivalent text or pictogram:
"Area designated for use exclusively by a wheelchair user"
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.4. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.

3.8.2.4.2. For Category M :
3.8.2.4.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the wheelchair
user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the vehicle. If the restraint
system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in an angle 45° ± 10° to the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle;
3.8.2.4.2.2. 450daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 450daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the
vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the belt in the case of
3-point belt;
3.8.2.4.2.3. 1,130daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.4.2.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.2.5. In forward direction in the case of a combined wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system.
3.8.2.5.1. For Category M ;
3.8.2.5.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair user restraint system in the case of a
lap belt;
3.8.2.5.1.2. 675daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 675daN ± 20daN in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of
the belt in the case of 3-point belt;
3.8.2.5.1.3. 1,715daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.5.1.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.
3.8.2.5.2. For Category M :
3.8.2.5.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair user restraint system in the case of a
lap belt;
3.8.2.5.2.2. 450daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 450daN ± 20daN in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of
the belt in the case of 3-point belt;
3.8.2.5.2.3. 1,130daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.5.2.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.

3.8.3.6.3. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.1. above and Paragraph 3.8.3.6.2. shall be applied
simultaneously in the forward direction and at an angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal
plane;
3.8.3.6.4. The forces in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.1. above shall be applied in the rearward direction and
at an angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal plane;
3.8.3.6.5. The forces shall be applied as rapidly as possible through the central vertical axis of the
wheelchair space; and
3.8.3.6.6. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than 0.2s.
3.8.3.6.7. The test shall be carried out on a representative section of the vehicle structure together
with any fitting provided in the vehicle which is likely to contribute to the strength or
rigidity of the structure.
3.8.3.7. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.6. above are:
3.8.3.7.1. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair restraint system fitted to a
Category M vehicle:
3.8.3.7.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the front
of the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.3.7.1.2. 550daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the rear of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.3.7.2. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair restraint system fitted to a
Category M vehicle
3.8.3.7.2.1. 740daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.3.7.2.2. 370daN ± 20daN applied in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and towards the rear of
the vehicle at a height of not less than 200mm and not more than 300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.3.7.3. In the case of anchorages provided for a wheelchair user restraint system the forces
shall be in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No. 14. The forces shall be
applied by means of a traction device as appropriate to the belt type as specified in
Regulation No. 14.
3.8.3.8. A wheelchair restraint system shall be subject to a dynamic test carried out in
accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.3.8.1. A representative wheelchair test trolley of mass 85kg shall, from a speed of between
48km/h to 50km/h to rest, be subject to a deceleration-time pulse:
3.8.3.8.1.1. Exceeding 20g in the forward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.015s;

3.8.4. Rearward-facing Wheelchair − Static Test Requirements
3.8.4.1. Vehicles not required to have occupant restraint systems fitted may, as an alternative to
the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.2 or 3.8.3. above, be provided with a wheelchair space
designed for the wheelchair user to travel unrestrained with the wheelchair facing
rearwards against a support or backrest, in accordance with the following provisions:
3.8.4.1.1. One of the longitudinal sides of the space for a wheelchair shall rest against a side or wall
of the vehicle or a partition;
3.8.4.1.2. A support or backrest perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle shall be provided
in the forward end of the wheelchair space;
3.8.4.1.3. The support or backrest shall be designed for the wheels or the back of the wheelchair to
rest against the support or backrest in order to avoid the wheelchair from tipping over and
shall comply with the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.5. below;
3.8.4.1.4. A handrail or handhold shall be fitted to the side or wall of the vehicle or a partition in such
a way to allow the wheelchair user to grasp it easily. This handrail shall not extend over
the vertical projection of the wheelchair space, except by not more than 90mm and only at
a height not less than 850mm above the floor of the wheelchair space;
3.8.4.1.5. A retractable handrail or any equivalent rigid device shall be fitted on the opposite side of
the wheelchair space in order to restrict any lateral shift of the wheelchair and to allow the
wheelchair user to grasp it easily;
3.8.4.1.6. A sign shall be fixed adjacent to the wheelchair area with the following text:
"This space is reserved for a wheelchair. The wheelchair shall be placed facing rearwards
resting against the support or backrest with the brakes on"
The provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.4. of Annex 3 apply to any textual markings used.
3.8.5. Backrest and Support Requirements
3.8.5.1. A backrest fitted to a wheelchair space in accordance with Paragraph 3.8.4. shall be fitted
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and shall be capable of bearing a load
of 250 ± 20daN applied to the centre of the padded surface of the backrest, at a height of
not less than 600mm and of not more than 800mm measured vertically from the floor of
the wheelchair space, for a minimum of 1.5s by means of a block 200mm × 200mm in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle towards the front of the vehicle. The backrest shall not
deflect more than 100mm or suffer permanent deformation or damage.
3.8.5.2. A support fitted to a wheelchair space in accordance with Paragraph 3.8.4. shall be fitted
perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle and shall be capable of withstanding a
force of 250daN ± 20daN applied to the centre of the support, for a minimum of 1.5s in the
horizontal plane of the vehicle towards the front of the vehicle in the middle of the support.
The support shall not deflect more than 100mm or suffer permanent deformation or
damage.

3.10.3. Accessibility to prams and pushchairs areas shall be provided in accordance with the
following provisions:
3.10.3.1. It shall be possible for an unfolded pram or pushchair to be moved freely and easily from
the outside of the vehicle through at least one of the service doors into the special area(s)
3.10.3.1.1. By "moving freely and easily", it is meant that:
(a)
(b)
There is sufficient space available for the pram or pushchair to be manoeuvred;
There are no steps, gaps or stanchions which could be an obstacle to the free
movement of the pram or pushchair.
3.10.4. The area shall be fitted with the pictogram shown in Annex 4, Figure 23C.
3.10.4.1. The same pictogram shall be placed both on the front nearside of the vehicle and adjacent
to the service door that gives access to the pram or pushchair area.
3.10.5. The following requirements shall apply to the stability of the unfolded pram or pushchair:
3.10.5.1. One of the longitudinal sides of the space for a pram or pushchair shall rest against a side
or wall of the vehicle or a partition;
3.10.5.2. A support or backrest perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle shall be provided
in the forward end of the pram or pushchair space;
3.10.5.3. The support or backrest shall be designed to avoid the pram or pushchair from tipping
over and shall comply with the provisions of Paragraph 3.8.5. above;
3.10.5.4. A handrail or handhold shall be fitted to the side or wall of the vehicle or a partition in such
a way to allow the accompanying person to grasp it easily. This handrail shall not extend
over the vertical projection of the pram or pushchair space, except by not more than 90mm
and only at a height not less than 850mm above the floor of the pram or pushchair space;
3.10.5.5. A retractable handrail or any equivalent rigid device shall be fitted on the opposite side of
the pram or pushchair space in order to restrict any lateral shift of the pram or pushchair.
3.10.6. The area shall be provided with a specific control, e.g. a push-button, to enable the
passenger with an unfolded pram or pushchair to request that the vehicle be stopped at
the next bus stop. The general requirements of Paragraph 7.7.9.1. of Annex 3 shall apply.
3.10.7. The control shall be fitted with the pictogram described in Figure 23C of Annex 4. The
dimensions of the pictogram may be reduced as needed.
3.10.8. The area to accommodate the unfolded pram or pushchair may adjoin the area for the
wheelchair and be in its extension. Intrusions of stanchions to provide handholds for
standing passengers may be permitted provided the requirement of Paragraph 3.10.3. of
this Annex is met.

3.11.3.2. Additional technical requirements for power-operated lifts
3.11.3.2.1. The operating control shall be designed in such a way that, if released, it automatically
returns to the off position. As it does so the movement of the lift shall immediately be
stopped and it shall be possible to initiate a movement in either direction.
3.11.3.2.2. A safety device (e.g. reversing mechanism) shall protect areas not visible to the operator,
where the movement of the lift might trap or crush objects.
3.11.3.2.3. In the event of one of these safety devices coming into operation, the movement of the lift
shall immediately be stopped and movement in the opposite direction initiated.
3.11.3.3. Operation of power operated lifts
3.11.3.3.1. Where the lift is at a service door situated within the direct field of vision of the driver of the
vehicle, the lift may be operated by the driver when in the driver’s seat.
3.11.3.3.2. In all others cases, the controls shall be adjacent to the lift. They shall be capable of being
activated and deactivated only by the driver from his seat.
3.11.3.4. Manually operated lift
3.11.3.4.1. The lift shall be designed for operation by controls adjacent to the lift.
3.11.3.4.2. The lift shall be so designed that excessive forces are not required to operate it.
3.11.4. Ramp
3.11.4.1. General Provisions
3.11.4.1.1. The ramp shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill.
3.11.4.1.2. Edges on the outside shall be rounded to a radius of no less than 2.5mm. Corners on the
outside shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 5mm.
3.11.4.1.3. The useable surface of a ramp shall be at least 800mm wide. The slope of the ramp, when
extended or folded out on to a kerb of 150mm in height, should not exceed 12%. The
slope of the ramp, when extended or folded out to the ground, should not exceed 36%. A
kneeling system may be used to achieve this test.
3.11.4.1.4. Any ramp which when ready for use exceeds 1,200mm in length shall be fitted with a
device to prevent the wheelchair rolling off the sides.
3.11.4.1.5. Any ramp shall be capable of operating safely with a load of 300kg.
3.11.4.1.6. The outer edge of ramp surfaces available for use by a wheelchair shall be clearly marked
with a band of colour 45mm to 55mm in width which contrasts visually with the remainder
of the ramp surface. The band of colour shall extend along the outermost edge and along
both edges parallel to the direction of travel of the wheelchair.
Marking of any trip hazard or where part of the ramp surface also forms part of the step is
permissible.

ANNEX 9
(Reserved)
ANNEX 10
TYPE-APPROVAL FOR A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT AND TYPE-APPROVAL
OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A BODYWORK ALREADY APPROVED AS A
SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT
1. SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT TYPE-APPROVAL
1.1. In order to be granted separate technical unit type-approval to this Regulation for a vehicle
bodywork, the manufacturer shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority
the accomplishment of the conditions declared by the manufacturer. The remaining conditions to
this Regulation shall be accomplished and demonstrated according to Paragraph 2. below.
1.2. Approval may be granted subject to conditions to be met by the completed vehicle (such as, for
example, characteristics of suitable chassis, restriction on use or installation), these restrictions
being recorded on the approval certificate.
1.3. Any such conditions shall be communicated to the purchaser of the vehicle bodywork or the next
stage builder of the vehicle in an appropriate form.
2. TYPE-APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE FITTED WITH A BODYWORK ALREADY APPROVED AS
A SEPARATE TECHNICAL UNIT
2.1. In order to be granted Type-approval to this Regulation for a vehicle fitted with a bodywork which
has already been granted approval as a separate technical unit, the manufacturer shall
demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority compliance with the requirements
of this Regulation that would not have already been accomplished and demonstrated according
to Paragraph 1. above, considering any previous Type-approval as uncompleted vehicle.
2.2. Any requirements established according to Paragraph 1.2. above shall be fulfilled.

(m)
(n)
(o)
coupling devices for motor vehicles,
trolley booms of electrically-propelled vehicles,
external sun visors.
2.2.2. "Vehicle width" is a dimension which is measured according to
ISO Standard 612-1978, Term No. 6.2.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle width the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
(m)
customs sealing devices and their protection,
devices for securing the tarpaulin and their protection,
tyre failure tell-tale devices,
protruding flexible parts of a spray-suppression,
lighting equipment,
access ramps in running order, lifting platforms and similar equipment in running
order provided that they do not exceed 10mm from the side of the vehicle and the
corners of the ramps facing forwards or rearwards are rounded to a radius of not
less than 5mm; the edges shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 2.5mm,
mirrors and other devices for indirect vision,
tyre-pressure indicators,
retractable steps,
the deflected part of the tyre walls immediately above the point of contact with the
ground,
watching aids,
retractable lateral guidance devices on buses and coaches intended for use on
guided bus systems, if not retracted,
service-door lighting devices.
2.2.3. "Vehicle height" is a dimension which is measured according to ISO Standards
612-1978, Term No. 6.3.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle height the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
aerials,
pantographs or trolley booms in their elevated position.
For vehicles with an axle-lift device, the effect of this device shall be taken into account.

3.2. Mass Distribution Calculations
3.2.1. Calculation Procedure
3.2.1.1. For the purpose of the mass distribution calculations hereafter laid down, the
manufacturer shall provide the technical service in charge of the tests, with the
information (in tabular or any other appropriate form) necessary to identify for each
technical configuration within the vehicle type the corresponding technically permissible
maximum laden mass of the vehicle, the technically permissible maximum masses on
the axles and groups of axles, the technically permissible maximum towable mass, and
the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination.
3.2.1.2. Suitable calculations shall be carried out in order to make sure that the following
requirements are fulfilled for each technical configuration within the type. For this
purpose, the calculations may be limited to the worst cases.
3.2.1.3. In the following requirements, the notations M, m , µ TM, and MC respectively designate
the following parameters, for which the requirements of Paragraph 3.2. above shall be
fulfilled:
M
= the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the vehicle,
m = the technically permissible maximum mass on the axle designated 'i', where 'i'
varies from 1 to the total number of axles of the vehicle,
µ = the technically permissible maximum mass on the solo axle or group of axles
designated 'j', where 'j' varies from 1 to the total number of solo axles and groups
of axles,
TM = the technically permissible maximum towable mass, and
MC = the technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination.
3.2.1.4. In the case of a solo axle, designated 'i' as an axle and 'j' as a group of axles, m = µ by
definition.
3.2.1.5. In the case of vehicles fitted with loadable axles, the following calculations required by
Paragraph 3.2.1.2. above shall be carried out with the suspension of the axles loaded in
the normal running configuration. In the case of vehicles fitted with retractable axles, the
calculations required by Paragraph 3.2.1.2. above shall be carried out with the axles
lowered.
3.2.1.6. For groups of axles, the manufacturer shall indicate the laws of distribution among the
axles of the total mass applied on to the group (for instance by stating the distribution
formulae or producing distribution graphs).
3.2.2. Loading Limitations
3.2.2.1. The sum of the masses m shall not be less than the mass M.

Q and S have values laid down in the following table:
Vehicle class
Q (kg) mass of one
passenger
S (m /passenger) conventional space for
one standing passenger
Class I and A 68 0.125
Class II 71 0.15
Class III and B 71 None
3.2.3.2.2. In the case of a vehicle equipped with a variable seating capacity, area available for
standing passengers (S ) and/or equipped for the carriage of wheelchairs, the
requirements of Paragraphs 3.2.3.1 and 3.2.3.2. above shall be determined for each of
the following conditions as applicable:
3.2.3.2.2.1. With all possible seats occupied followed by the remaining area for standing passengers
(up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if reached, excluding
areas designated for use exclusively by wheelchair users) and, if space remains, any
wheelchair spaces occupied;
3.2.3.2.2.2. With all possible standing areas occupied (up to the standing capacity limit declared by
the manufacturer, excluding areas designated for use exclusively by wheelchair users),
followed by the remaining seats available for seated passengers and, if space remains,
any wheelchair spaces occupied;
3.2.3.2.2.3. With all possible wheelchair spaces occupied followed by the remaining area for
standing passengers (up to the standing capacity limit declared by the manufacturer, if
reached) and then the remaining seats available for use occupied.
3.2.3.3. When the vehicle is in running order or laden as specified in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. above,
the mass corresponding to the load on the front axle or group of axles shall not be less
than the percentage of the mass of the vehicle in running order or of the technically
permissible maximum laden mass 'M' laid down in the following table:
Classes I and A Class II Classes III and B
Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated Rigid Articulated
20 20 25 20 25 20
3.2.3.4. Where a vehicle is to be approved to more than one Class, Paragraphs 3.2.3.1. and
3.2.3.2. above shall apply to each Class.

3.4.2. With the vehicle stationary, a vertical plane tangential to the side of the vehicle and
facing
outwards from the circle shall be established by marking a line on the ground. In
the case of an articulated vehicle, the two
rigid portions shall be aligned with the plane.
When
the vehicle moves from
a straight line approachh into the circular area described in
Paragraph 3.4.1. above, no part of it shall move outside of that vertical plane by more
than 0.60m (see Figures B andd C).
Figure A
Figure B
R = 12.5m
r = 5.3m
U = maximum 0.6m

ANNEX 12
ADDITIONAL SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
1. DEFINITIONS AND OPERATING PARAMETERS
For the purpose of this Annex:
1.1. "Line voltage" means the voltage provided to the vehicle from the external power
supply.
Trolleybuses shall be designed to operate at a rated line voltage of either:
(a)
(b)
600V (a working range of 400 to 720V); or
750V (a working range of 500 to 900V).
1.2. The electrical circuits of a trolleybus are classified as:
1.2.1. "high voltage circuits" means circuits energised at line voltage;
1.2.2. "low voltage circuits" means circuits energised at a nominal voltage of 12V, 24V or
42V.
1.2.3. "three phase circuits" means circuits supplied with a three-phase voltage not
exceeding 400V AC.
1.3. Rated Climatic Conditions
Trolleybuses shall be designed to operate reliably under the following environmental
conditions:
1.3.1. A temperature range of minus 40°С to plus 40°С;
1.3.2. A relative humidity of 98% at temperatures up to 25°С;
1.3.3. An atmospheric pressure range of 866kPa to 1,066kPa;
1.3.4. An altitude range from sea level to a maximum of 1,000m above the sea level.
1.4. "Self-extinguishing material" means a material that does not continue to burn when
the ignition source is removed.

3.6. Battery cases, covers and trays shall be made of non-flammable or self-extinguishing
materials.
3.7. Electrical components energized at the line voltage shall have additional insulation from
the vehicle.
3.8. Electrical components, with the exception of traction resistors, shall be protected against
penetration of moisture and dust into the body and onto insulated and current conducting
parts.
3.9. Within the rated climate conditions, with the trolleybus dry and clean, the insulation
resistance of electrical circuits, when all rotating machines and apparatus are switched
on, shall not be less than:
3.9.1. Body to high voltage circuits 5MΩ
3.9.2. High voltage circuits to low voltage circuits 5MΩ
3.9.3. Body to positive pole of low voltage circuits 1MΩ
3.10. Wiring and apparatus:
3.10.1. Only multi-core wires shall be used for high voltage circuits. All high voltage DC wiring
shall have insulation rated for 3,000V DC or AC.
3.10.2. Mounted wiring should not be stressed mechanically.
3.10.3. Wiring insulation shall not propagate burning.
3.10.4. Wiring of different voltages shall be mounted separately.
3.10.5. Wiring conduits shall be made of non-flammable material.
3.10.6. [Reserved]
3.10.7. Wiring located under the floor of the trolleybus shall be contained in conduit that protects
it against the ingress and propagation of water and dust.
3.10.8. Fastening and arrangement of wiring and cables shall be designed to prevent damage
by abrasion (chafing) of insulation. Grommets of elastomeric material shall be provided
at points where wiring penetrates metal structure. The bend radius of conduits containing
wiring shall be at least five times the external diameter of the conduit.
3.10.9. The location of wiring in the vicinity of circuit breakers shall be designed so as to prevent
arcing onto the wiring.
3.10.10. Precautions shall be taken to avoid damage of wiring from heated resistors and other
electrical components. In critical areas thermo-resistant wires shall be used.
3.10.11. Wiring holders, connectors and other mounting devices shall be made of non-flammable
or self-extinguishing materials. Electrical components of the self-extinguishing materials
shall only be installed outside the passenger compartment.

5. THE DRIVER'S COMPARTMENT
5.1. In the driver's compartment, there should not be any high voltage equipment accessible
by the driver.
5.2. As a minimum, the instrument panel shall include:
5.2.1. Indicator of voltage in the contact system;
5.2.2. Indicator of zero voltage in the contact system;
5.2.3. Indicator of state of main automatic line voltage circuit breaker;
5.2.4. Indicator of charge/discharge of the batteries;
5.2.5. Indicator of body voltage or leakage current exceeding the limits specified in
Paragraph 4.2. above.
General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles