Regulation No. 107-05

Name:Regulation No. 107-05
Description:General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Category M2 or M3 Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2012-08-15
Amendment Level:05 Series, Supplement 5
Number of Pages:138
Vehicle Types:Bus
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

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Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev 2/Add.106/Rev.5/Amend.4
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
October 28, 2016
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 107-05
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
CATEGORY M OR M VEHICLES WITH
REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Incorporating:
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.08.10
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.12.10
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.10.11
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.11.12
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Corr. 1 to Revision 5
Date 08.12.14
Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 4 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 5 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.16

Regulation No. 107-05
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF CATEGORY M OR M
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Requirements
6. Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle or bodywork type
7. Conformity of production
8. Penalties for non-conformity of production
9. Production definitively discontinued
10. Transitional provisions
11. Names and addresses of Technical Services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
12. (Reserved)

Annex 9 -
(Reserved)
Annex 10 - Type approval for a separate technical units and type approval of a vehicle fitted with a
bodywork already approved as a separate technical unit
Annex 11 - Masses and dimensions
Annex 12 - Additional safety prescriptions for trolleybuses

2.1.1.4. A vehicle may be regarded as belonging in more than one Class. In such a case it may be
approved for each Class to which it corresponds.
2.1.2. For vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers in addition to the driver, there
are two classes of vehicles:
2.1.2.1. "Class A" Vehicles designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has seats
and shall have provision for standing passengers.
2.1.2.2. "Class B" Vehicles not designed to carry standing passengers; a vehicle of this class has
no provision for standing passengers.
2.1.3. "Articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid sections which
articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each section
intercommunicate so that passengers can move freely between them; the rigid sections are
permanently connected so that they can only be separated by an operation involving
facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.3.1. "Double-decker articulated vehicle" means a vehicle which consists of two or more rigid
sections which articulate relative to one another; the passenger compartments of each
section intercommunicate on at least one deck so that passengers can move freely between
them; the rigid sections are permanently connected so that they can only be separated by
an operation involving facilities which are normally only found in a workshop.
2.1.4. "Low floor vehicle" is a vehicle of Class I, II or A in which at least 35% of the area
available for standing passengers (or in its forward section in the case of articulated
vehicles, or in its lower deck in the case of double-decker vehicles) forms an area without
steps and includes access to at least one service door.
2.1.5. "Bodywork" means a separate technical unit comprising all the special internal and
external equipment of the vehicle.
2.1.6. "Double deck vehicle" means a vehicle where the provided spaces for passengers are
arranged, at least in one part, in two superimposed levels and spaces for standing
passengers are not provided in the upper deck.
2.1.7. "Separate technical unit" means a device intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be
type-approved separately, but only in relation to one or more specified types of vehicle.
2.1.8. "Trolleybus" means a vehicle, electrically driven by energy from external, overhead contact
wires. For the purposes of this Regulation, it also includes such vehicles having an
additional internal means of propulsion (dual mode vehicles) or having a means of
temporary external guidance (guided trolleybuses).
2.1.9. "Vehicle without roof" means a vehicle without roof over all or part of its deck. In the
case of a double-decked vehicle this shall be the upper deck. Space for standing
passengers shall not be provided on any deck without roof, independently of the class of
vehicle.
2.2. "Definition of Type(s)"

2.12. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch.
2.13. "Exit" means a service door, intercommunication staircase, half-staircase or emergency
exit.
2.14. "Floor or deck"
2.14.1. "Floor" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver and any crew member, and may
support the seat mountings;
2.14.2. "Deck" means that part of the floor provided only for the passengers.
2.15. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats or each special area for wheelchair users to any other seat or row of seats or each
special area for wheelchair users or to any access passage from or to any service door or
intercommunication staircase and any area for standing passengers; it does not include:
2.15.1. The space extending 300mm in front of any seat, except where a sideways-facing seat is
situated above a wheel arch, in which case this dimension may be reduced to 225mm
(see Annex 4, Figure 25);
2.15.2. The space above the surface of any step or staircase (except where the surface of the step
is contiguous with that of a gangway or access passageway); or
2.15.3. Any space which affords access solely to one seat or row of seats or a facing pair of
transverse seats or row of seats.
2.16. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway), intercommunication
staircase or half-staircase. Where there is no step at the door, the space to be considered
as access passage shall be that which is measured according to Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.
up to a distance of 300mm from the starting position of the inner face of the test gauge.
2.17. "Driver’s compartment" means the space intended for driver’s exclusive use except in the
case of an emergency and containing the driver’s seat, the steering wheel, controls,
instruments and other devices necessary for driving or operating the vehicle.
2.18. "Mass of the vehicle in running order" means the mass of the unladen vehicle with
bodywork, and with coupling device in the case of a towing vehicle, in running order, or the
mass of the chassis with cab if the manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling
device (including coolant, oils, 90% fuel, 100% other liquids except used waters, tools,
spare wheel and driver (75kg), and, for buses and coaches, the mass of the crew member
(75kg) if there is a crew seat in the vehicle.
2.19. "Technically permissible maximum laden mass (M)" means the maximum mass of the
vehicle based on its construction and performance, stated by the manufacturer. The
technically permissible maximum laden mass is used to determine the vehicle category.
2.20. "Passenger" means a person, other than the driver or a member of the crew.
2.21. "Passenger with reduced mobility" means all passengers who have a difficulty when
using public transport, such as disabled people (including people with sensory and
intellectual impairments, and wheelchair users, people with limb impairments, people of
small stature, people with heavy luggage, elderly people, pregnant women, people with
shopping trolleys, and people with children (including children seated in pushchairs).

2.38. "Separate compartment" means a space in the vehicle which may be occupied by
passengers or crew when the vehicle is in use and which is separated from any other
passenger or crew space, except where any partition allows passengers to see into the next
passenger space, and is connected by a gangway without doors.
2.39. "Half-staircase" is a staircase from the upper deck which terminates in an emergency door.
2.40. "Service-door lighting" means a lighting device(s) of the vehicle designed to illuminate the
exterior vicinity of service doors and wheels.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of:
a) A vehicle type or
b) A separate technical unit type or
c) A vehicle type fitted with bodywork type already approved as a separate technical unit
With regard to its constructional features shall be submitted by the responsible manufacturer
or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. In the case of an application for approval of a vehicle made by assembling a chassis with
type-approved bodywork, the term manufacturer refers to the assembler.
3.3. A model for the information document relating to the constructional features is given in
Annex 1 - Part 1.
3.3.1. Appendix 1: for a vehicle type,
3.3.2. Appendix 2: for a bodywork type.
3.3.3. Appendix 3: for a vehicle type fitted with bodywork already approved as a separate technical
unit.
3.4. A vehicle(s) or a bodywork(s) representative of the type to be approved shall be submitted
to the Technical Service responsible for conducting the type-approval tests.
4. APPROVAL
4.1. If the vehicle or bodywork submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the
requirements of Paragraph 5. below, approval of that vehicle or bodywork type shall be
granted.
4.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each vehicle type approved. Its first two digits (at
present 05, corresponding to the 05 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of
amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendment made to the
Regulation at the time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign
the same number to another vehicle or bodywork type within the meaning of Paragraph 2.2.
above.

5.3. Contracting Parties shall be free to choose the most appropriate solution to achieve
improved accessibility in vehicles other than those of Class I. However, if vehicles other
than those of Class I are equipped with features or devices for people with reduced mobility
and/or wheelchair users, those features or devices shall comply with the relevant
requirements of Annex 8.
5.4. Nothing in this Regulation shall prevent the national authorities of a Contracting Party from
specifying that certain types of operation are reserved for vehicles which are equipped for
the transport of passengers with reduced mobility in accordance with Annex 8.
5.5. Unless otherwise stated, all measurements shall be made when the vehicle is at its mass in
running order and it is standing on a smooth and horizontal ground surface and in the
normal condition for travel. If a kneeling system is fitted, it shall be set so the vehicle is at its
normal ride height for travel. In the case of approval of bodywork as a separate technical
unit the position of the body relative to the flat horizontal surface shall be specified by the
manufacturer.
5.6. Wherever there is a requirement in this Regulation for a surface in the vehicle to be
horizontal or at a specific angle when the vehicle is at its mass in running order, in the case
of a vehicle with mechanical suspension, the surface may exceed this slope or possess a
slope when the vehicle is at its mass in running order, provided that this requirement is met
when the vehicle is in the loading condition declared by the manufacturer. If a kneeling
system is fitted to the vehicle, it shall not be in operation.
6. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE OR BODYWORK
TYPE
6.1. Every modification of the vehicle or bodywork type shall be notified to the Type Approval
Authority which approved the vehicle type. That Authority may then either:
6.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and
that, in any case, the vehicle or bodywork still complies with the requirements; or
6.1.2. Require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests.
6.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the modifications, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3 of this Regulation to the Contracting Parties to the
Agreement which apply this Regulation.
6.3. The Type Approval Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number
for such an extension and inform thereof the other Contracting Parties to the 1958
Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the
model in Annex 1, Appendix 2 to this Regulation.
7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev. 2), with the following requirements:
7.1. Vehicles and bodyworks approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in Paragraph 5 above.

10.8. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 5 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse first national
registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of
Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.9. As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 03 series of amendments.
10.10. No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse national or regional type approval
of a vehicle type approved to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.11. As from December 31, 2012, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant
approvals only if the vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation
as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
10.12. As from December 31, 2013, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to
grant national or regional approvals and may refuse first national or regional registration
(first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the requirements of the 03 series
of amendments to this Regulation.
10.13. As from the official date of entry into force of the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval
under this Regulation as amended by the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments.
10.14. As from 12 months after the date of entry into force of the Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the
vehicle type to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by
Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments.
10.15. As from 30 months after the entry into force of Supplement 6 to the 02 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant
national/regional approvals and first national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle
which does not meet the requirements of Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments to
this Regulation.
10.16. As from the official date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 04 series of amendments.
10.17. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the vehicle type to
be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by of the 04 series of
amendments.
10.18. As from 36 months after the entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to grant national/regional approvals and first
national registration (first entry into service) of a vehicle which does not meet the
requirements of the 04 series of amendments to this Regulation.
10.19. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval
to the 03 series of amendments to this Regulation for vehicles which are not affected by the
04 series of amendments.

ANNEX 1
APPROVAL DOCUMENTATION
PART 1
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENTS
APPENDIX 1
MODEL INFORMATION DOCUMENT
Model information document pursuant to Regulation No. 107 relating to type-approval of
Category M or M vehicles with regard to their general construction
The following information, if applicable, shall be supplied in triplicate and include a list of contents. Any
drawings shall be supplied in appropriate scale and in sufficient detail on size A4 or on a folder of A4
format. Photographs, if any, shall show sufficient detail.
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance shall be supplied.
1.
GENERAL
1.1.
Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2.
Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.2.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.2.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.
Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle
: ......................................................
1.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.3.3.
Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.3.3.1.
Chassis: ....................................................................................................................................
1.3.3.2.
Bodywork/complete vehicle: .....................................................................................................
1.4.
Category of vehicle
: ..............................................................................................................
1.5.
Name and address of manufacturer: ........................................................................................
1.6.
Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................

3.4. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork, and in the case of a towing vehicle of a category other
than M , with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or the mass of
the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the
manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools,
spare wheel and driver, and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat
in the vehicle) (maximum and minimum for each variant): ....................................................
3.4.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum for each variant): ..........................
3.5. Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer (maximum and
minimum for each variant): ........................................................................................................
3.5.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles (maximum and minimum for each variant): ............
3.6. Technically permissible maximum laden load/mass on each axle: ...........................................
3.7. Technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point: ................................................
3.7.1. Of the motor vehicle: ..................................................................................................................
4. BODYWORK
4.1. Type of bodywork: single deck/ double deck/articulated/low floor
4.2. Materials used and methods of construction: ............................................................................
5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.2. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.3. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.4. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N) : .............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ..............................................................................................................

Explanatory Notes:

3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall) .......................................................................................
3.2.1. For bodywork approved without chassis: ...................................................................................
3.2.1.1. Length : ...................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspension adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
4. BODYWORK
4.1. Type of bodywork: single deck/double deck/articulated/low floor
4.2. Materials used and methods of construction:
5. SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR VEHICLES USED FOR THE CARRIAGE OF PASSENGERS
COMPRISING MORE THAN EIGHT SEATS IN ADDITION TO THE DRIVER'S SEAT
5.1. Class of vehicle (Class I, Class II, Class III, Class A, Class B):
5.1.1. Chassis type where the type-approved body can be installed (manufacturer(s)) and
vehicle(s) types):
5.2. Area for passengers (m ): .........................................................................................................
5.2.1. Total (S ): ..................................................................................................................................
5.2.1.1. Upper deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.1.2. Lower deck (S ): ...................................................................................................................
5.2.2. For standing passengers (S ): ..................................................................................................
5.3. Number of passengers (seated and standing): .........................................................................
5.3.1. Total (N): ............................................................................................................................
5.3.2. Upper deck (N ): ....................................................................................................................
5.3.3. Lower deck (N ): .............................................................................................................

Explanatory Notes:

2.3. Number of axles and wheels: ....................................................................................................
2.3.1. Number and position of axles with double wheels: ...................................................................
2.4. Chassis (if any) (overall drawing): .............................................................................................
2.5. Material used for the side-members : ....................................................................................
2.6. Position and arrangement of the engine: ..................................................................................
2.7. Hand of drive: ............................................................................................................................
2.7.1. Vehicle is equipped to be driven in right/left hand traffic.
3. MASSES AND DIMENSIONS (in kg and mm) (refer to drawing where applicable)
3.1. Wheel base(s) (fully loaded) : ...................................................................................................
3.2. Range of vehicle dimensions (overall)
3.2.1. For chassis with bodywork:
3.2.1.1. Length : ....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2. Width : .....................................................................................................................................
3.2.1.2.1. Maximum width: ........................................................................................................................
3.2.1.3. Height (in running order) (for suspensions adjustable for height, indicate normal running
position): ....................................................................................................................................
3.3. Mass of the vehicle with bodywork and, in the case of a towing vehicle of a category other
than M , with coupling device, if fitted by the manufacturer, in running order, or the mass of
the chassis or chassis with cab, without bodywork and/or coupling device if the
manufacturer does not fit the bodywork and/or coupling device (including liquids, tools,
spare wheel and driver, and, for buses and coaches, a crew member if there is a crew seat
in the vehicle): (maximum and minimum for each variant): ....................................................
3.3.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum for each variant): ..........................
3.4. Technically permissible maximum laden mass stated by the manufacturer (maximum and
minimum): ..................................................................................................................................
3.4.1. Distribution of this mass among the axles and, in the case of a semi-trailer or centre-axle
trailer, load on the coupling point (maximum and minimum): ....................................................
3.5. Technically permissible maximum mass/load on each axle: ....................................................

ANNEX 1 − PART 2 − APPENDIX 1
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle ..................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type-approval mark: ........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

1.7.4. Number of passengers seated: .......................................................................................................
1.7.4.1. Total (A) : ....................................................................................................................................
1.7.4.2. Upper deck (A )
1.7.4.3. Lower deck (A )
1.8. Volume of baggage compartments (m ): ........................................................................................
1.9. Area for baggage transportation on the roof (m ): ..........................................................................
1.10. Technical devices facilitating access to vehicles (ramp, lifting platform, kneeling-system): ...........
1.11. Position of centre of gravity of the laden vehicle in the longitudinal, transverse and vertical
directions: ........................................................................................................................................
2. Remarks: .........................................................................................................................................

SECTION II
1. Additional information (where applicable): see Addendum
2. Technical Service responsible for carrying out the tests: ...............................................................
3. Date of test report: ..........................................................................................................................
4. Number of test report: .....................................................................................................................
5. Remarks (if any): see Addendum
6. Place: ..............................................................................................................................................
7. Date: ................................................................................................................................................
8. Signature: ........................................................................................................................................
9. The index to the information package lodged with the Type Approval Authority, which may be
obtained on request, is attached.
1. Additional information
Addendum to Type-approval Certificate No. ……
Concerning the Type-approval of a Bodywork as a Separate
Technical Unit with Regard to Regulation No. 107
1.1. Category of vehicle where the body can be installed (M , M ):
1.2. Bodywork concept (single/double deck, articulated, low-floor)
1.3. Chassis type(s) where the body can be installed: ...........................................................................
1.4. Number of passengers (seated and standing): ...............................................................................
1.4.1. Total (N) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.4.2. Upper deck (N ):
1.4.3. Lower deck (N ):
1.4.4. Number of passengers seated: .......................................................................................................
1.4.4.1. Total (A) : ...................................................................................................................................
1.4.4.2. Upper deck (A )
1.4.4.3. Lower deck (A )

ANNEX 1 − PART 2 − APPENDIX 3
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.....................................
.....................................
.....................................
Concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
Of a type of a vehicle/component/separate technical unit with regard to Regulation No. 107.
Approval Number: ................................ Extension No…: ..................................
SECTION I
1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ..............................................................................................
2. Type: ...............................................................................................................................................
3. Means of identification of type if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical unit
3.1. Location of that marking: .................................................................................................................
4. Category of vehicle .................................................................................................................
5. Name and address of manufacturer: ..............................................................................................
6. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
type approval mark: .........................................................................................................................
7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ..................................................................................................

ANNEX 2
ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Model A
(See(
Paragraph 4.4 of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type t concerned has, with
regard to
its constructional features, been approvedd in the Netherlands
(E4) for Class III, pursuant to
Regulation No. 107 under approval number 052439. The
approval number indicates that the
approval
was granted according to the equirements of Regulation No. 107 as amendedd by the 05
series of
amendments.
Model B
(See Paragraph 4.5. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been
approved
in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulations Nos. 107
and 43 . The first twoo digits of the
approval
numbers indicate that, on the dates on which these approvals were granted Regulation No. 107 included
the 05 series of amendments and Regulation No. 43 was in its original form.

1. - 6. (Reserved)
7. REQUIREMENTS
7.1. General
ANNEX 3
REQUIREMENTS TO BE MET BY ALL VEHICLES
7.1.1. If the driver's compartment is without a roof, the driver should have some special
protection against strong wind, sudden dust, heavy rain, etc.
7.2. Masses and Dimensions
7.2.1. The vehicles shall comply with the requirements of Annex 11.
7.2.2. Area Available for Passengers
7.2.2.1. The total surface area S available for passengers is calculated by deducting from the
total area of the floor of the vehicle:
7.2.2.1.1. The area of the driver's compartment;
7.2.2.1.2. The area of steps at doors and the area of any other step with a depth of less than
300mm and the area swept by the door and its mechanism when it is operated;
7.2.2.1.3. The area of any part over which the vertical clearance is less than 1,350mm measured
from the floor disregarding permitted intrusion specified in Paragraphs 7.7.8.6.3 and
7.7.8.6.4 of this Annex. In the case of vehicles of Class A or B, this dimension may be
reduced to 1,200mm;
7.2.2.1.4. The area of any part of the vehicle to which access by passengers is prevented as
defined in Paragraph 7.9.4. of this Annex;
7.2.2.1.5. The area of any space reserved solely for the carriage of goods or baggage and from
which passengers are excluded.
7.2.2.1.6. The area required to provide a clear working area at serveries;
7.2.2.1.7. The floor area occupied by any staircase, half staircase, intercommunication staircase or
the surface of any step.
7.2.2.2. The surface area S available for standing passengers (only in the case of vehicles of
Class A, I and II, in which the carriage of standing passengers is allowed) is calculated
by deducting from S :
7.2.2.2.1. The area of all parts of the floor in which the slope exceeds the maximum permissible
values as determined in Paragraph 7.7.6. of this Annex;
7.2.2.2.2. The area of all parts which are not accessible to a standing passenger when all the seats
are occupied, with the exception of folding seats;

7.2.3.1.3. The maximum number of wheelchairs which the vehicle is designed to carry, if any.
7.2.3.2. (Reserved).
7.2.3.3. (Reserved)
7.3. Prevention of Accidents
7.3.1. If the engine compartment of a vehicle is located to the rear of the driver's compartment,
it shall not be possible to start the engine from the driver's position when the main engine
access panel located in the rear face of the vehicle is open and which provide direct
access to parts that represent a hazard when the engine is running (e.g. pulley of belt
drives).
7.4. Stability Test
7.4.1. The stability of a vehicle shall be such that the point at which overturning occurs would
not be passed if the surface on which the vehicle stands were tilted to both sides in turn
to an angle of 28° from the horizontal.
7.4.2. For the purposes of the above test, the vehicle shall be at its mass in running order as
described in Paragraph 2.18 of this Regulation, with the addition of:
7.4.2.1. Loads equal to Q (as defined in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1 of Annex 11) shall be placed on
each passenger seat (of the upper deck only in the case of double-deck vehicles).
If a single deck vehicle is intended for standees or with a crew member who is not
seated, the centre of gravity of the loads Q or 75kg representing them, shall be uniformly
distributed over the standee or crew area respectively, at a height of 875mm. If a double
deck vehicle is intended to be used with a crew member who is not seated, the centre of
gravity of the mass of 75kg representing the crew member shall be placed in the upper
deck gangway at a height of 875mm.
Where a vehicle is equipped to carry luggage on the roof, a uniformly distributed
mass (BX) of not less than that declared by the manufacturer in accordance with
Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1 of Annex 11, representing such baggage shall be secured to the
roof. The other baggage compartments shall not contain any baggage.
7.4.2.2. If the vehicle has a variable seating capacity, standing capacity or is designed to carry
one or more wheelchairs, in respect of any area of the passenger compartment in which
such variations occur, the loads in Paragraph 7.4.2.1. above shall be the greater of:
a) The mass represented by the number of seated passengers that may occupy the
area including the mass of any demountable seats; or
b) The mass represented by the number of standing passengers that may occupy the
area; or
c) The mass of wheelchairs and users that may occupy the area at a total mass of
250kg each placed at a height of 500mm above the floor in the centre of each
wheelchair space; or
d) The mass of seated passengers, standing passengers and wheelchair users and
any combination of these that may occupy the area.

7.5.1.5. In the case of vehicles having the engine located to the rear of the driver's compartment,
the compartment shall be equipped with an alarm system providing the driver with both
an acoustic and a visual signal in the event of excess temperature in the engine
compartment and in each compartment where a combustion heater is located.
7.5.1.5.1. The alarm system shall be designed so as to detect a temperature in the engine
compartment, and in each compartment where a combustion heater is located in excess
of the temperature occurring during normal operation.
7.5.1.5.2. Paragraph 7.5.1.5.1. above is considered to be satisfied if the following areas of the
engine compartment, and each compartment where a combustion heater is located, are
monitored regarding excess temperature:
7.5.1.5.2.1. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with exposed components, e.g. the supercharger or the exhaust-system,
including engine mounted components, whose working temperature is equal to or
greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids (liquid or gas);
7.5.1.5.2.2. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with shielded components, e.g. an independent heating device, whose working
temperature is equal to or greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids
(liquid or gas); and
7.5.1.5.2.3. Areas in which, in case of leakage, flammable fluids (liquid or gas) may come into
contact with components, e.g. the alternator, whose temperature, in case of failure, may
be equal to or greater than the ignition temperature of the flammable fluids (liquid or
gas).
7.5.1.5.3. The alarm system shall be operational whenever the engine start device is operated,
until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the vehicle's attitude.
7.5.2. Electrical Equipment and Wiring
7.5.2.1. All cables shall be well insulated and all cables and electrical equipment shall be able to
withstand the temperature and humidity conditions to which they are exposed. In the
engine compartment, particular attention shall be paid to their suitability to withstand the
environmental temperature and the effects of all likely contaminants.
7.5.2.2. No cable used in an electrical circuit shall carry a current in excess of that acceptable for
such a cable in the light of its mode of installation and the maximum ambient
temperature.
7.5.2.3. Every electrical circuit feeding an item of equipment other than the starter, the ignition
circuit (positive ignition), the glow-plugs, the engine-stopping device, the charging circuit
and the battery earth connection shall include a fuse or a circuit breaker. Circuits feeding
other equipments may, however, be protected by a common fuse or a common circuitbreaker,
provided that their sum rated capacity does not exceed the capacity of a fuse or
of a circuit-breaker. In the case of multiplexing, the manufacturer shall give all the
relevant technical information at the request of the technical service responsible for
conducting the tests.

7.5.6. Fire Detection
7.5.6.1. Vehicles shall be equipped with an alarm system detecting either an excess temperature
or smoke in toilet compartments, driver's sleeping compartments and other separate
compartments.
7.5.6.2. Upon detection, the system given in Paragraph 7.5.6.1. above shall provide the driver
with both an acoustic and a visual signal in the driver's compartment.
7.5.6.3. The alarm system shall be at least operational whenever the engine start device is
operated, until such time as the engine stop device is operated, regardless of the
vehicle's attitude.
7.6. Exits
7.6.1. Number of Exits
7.6.1.1. The minimum number of doors in a vehicle shall be two, either two service doors or one
service door and one emergency door. Every double-deck vehicle shall have two doors
on the lower deck (see also Paragraph 7.6.2.2. below). The minimum number of service
doors required is as follows:
Number of passengers
Number of service doors
CLASS I & A CLASS II CLASS III & B
9 − 45 1 1 1
46 − 70 2 1 1
71 − 100
3
(2 in the case of a
double-deck vehicle)
2
1
>100 4 3 1
7.6.1.2. The minimum number of service doors in each rigid section of an articulated vehicle shall
be one except that this minimum number shall be two in the case of front section of an
articulated vehicle of Class I.
7.6.1.3. For the purpose of this requirement, service doors equipped with a power-operated
control system shall not be deemed to be emergency doors unless they can be readily
opened by hand, once the control prescribed in Paragraph 7.6.5.1 has been actuated, if
necessary.

7.6.1.7.2. One or two seats are permitted alongside the driver for additional people, in which case
both of the exits referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.1. above shall be doors.
The driver's door shall be accepted as the emergency door for the occupants of those
seats, provided that it is possible to move a test gauge from the occupants' seats to the
exterior of the vehicle through the driver's door (see Annex 4, Figure 27).
Verification of the access to the driver's door shall be subject to the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.3.2, by using the test gauge having a dimension of 600 × 400mm, as
described in Paragraph 7.7.3.3.
The door provided for the passengers shall be in the side of the vehicle opposite to that
containing the driver's door and shall be accepted as the emergency door for the driver.
Up to five additional seats may be fitted in a compartment incorporating the driver's
compartment, provided that the additional seats and the space for these seats comply
with all requirements of this Regulation and at least one door giving access to the
passenger compartment complies with the requirements of Paragraph 7.6.3. below for
emergency doors.
7.6.1.7.3. In the circumstances described in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2. above, the exits
provided for the driver's compartment shall not count as one of the doors required by
Paragraphs 7.6.1.1 to 7.6.1.2, nor as one of the exits required by Paragraph 7.6.1.4,
except in the case mentioned in Paragraphs 7.6.1.7.1 and 7.6.1.7.2. Paragraphs from
7.6.3 to 7.6.7, 7.7.1, 7.7.2 and 7.7.7. below shall not apply to such exits.
7.6.1.8. If the driver's compartment and seats adjacent to it are accessible from the main
passenger compartment by means of a passageway complying with one of the
conditions described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1. below, no external exit is required from the
driver's compartment.
7.6.1.9. If a driver's door or other exit from the compartment is provided in the circumstances
described in Paragraph 7.6.1.8. above it may only count as an exit for passengers
provided:
7.6.1.9.1. It satisfies the requirements relating to the dimensions of emergency door indicated in
Paragraph 7.6.3.1. below;
7.6.1.9.2. It fulfils the requirements indicated in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2. above;
7.6.1.9.3. The space reserved for the driver's seat shall communicate with the main passengers'
compartment through an appropriate passage; such requirement shall be deemed to be
fulfilled if the test gauge described in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. below can move unobstructed
from the gangway, until the front end of the gauge reaches the vertical plane tangential
to the foremost point of the driver's seat back (this seat being situated in its rearmost
longitudinal position) and, from this plane, the panel described in Paragraph 7.6.1.7.2.
above could be moved to the emergency door in the direction established by such
paragraph (see Annex 4, Figure 28) with seat and steering wheel adjustment in their mid
position.

7.6.2. Siting of Exits
Vehicles having a capacity exceeding 22 passenger seats shall meet the requirements
shown below. Vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers may meet either
the requirements shown below or those contained in Annex 7, Paragraph 1.2.
7.6.2.1. The service door(s) shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side
of the road corresponding to the direction of traffic in the country in which the vehicle is
to be licensed for operation and at least one of them shall be in the forward half of the
vehicle. This does not preclude:
7.6.2.1.1. The provision of a specially designed door in the rear or side faces of a vehicle for use in
place of a service door by wheelchair passengers, or
7.6.2.1.2. The provision of an additional service door in the rear face of a vehicle principally for
loading/unloading of goods or luggage, but which could be used by passengers where
circumstances so require, or
7.6.2.1.3. The provision of one or more additional service doors on the opposite side of the
vehicles in the case of vehicles designed for use in circumstances which require
loading/unloading on both sides. Examples of such circumstances include vehicles for
airside use at airports, vehicles for use on multimodal transport systems using island
platforms, or vehicles which cross borders to countries which do not drive on the same
side of the road as the country in which the vehicle is to be licensed for operation.
Vehicles so equipped shall be provided with control(s) which allow the driver to inhibit
normal operation of the doors which are not currently in use, or
7.6.2.1.4. The provision of a service door in the rear face of a Class A or B vehicle.
7.6.2.2. If the passenger's compartment has an area S equal or greater than 10m , two of the
doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1. above shall be separated such that the distance
between transverse vertical planes through their centres of area is not less than:
7.6.2.2.1. In the case of a single deck vehicle, 40% of the overall length of the passenger
compartment measured parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
In the case of an articulated vehicle, this requirement shall be fulfilled if two doors of the
different sections are separated such that the distance between the doors is not less
than 40% of the overall length of the combined passenger compartment (all sections).
If one of these two doors forms part of a double door this distance shall be measured
between the two doors which are furthest apart.
7.6.2.2.2. In the case of a double deck vehicle, two of the doors referred to in Paragraph 7.6.1.1.
above shall be separated such that the distance between transverse vertical planes
through their centres of area is not less than either 25% of the overall length of the
vehicle or 40% of the overall length of the passenger compartment on the lower deck;
this shall not apply if the two doors are on different sides of the vehicle. If one of these
two doors forms part of a double door, this distance shall be measured between the two
doors which are furthest apart.
7.6.2.3. The exits (on each deck in the case of a double-deck vehicle) shall be placed in such a
way that their number on each of the two sides of the vehicle is substantially the same.
(This shall not imply the need to provide additional exits over and above the number
specified in Paragraph 7.6.1. above). Any exits in excess of the required minimum
number need not be substantially balanced on each of the two sides.

7.6.4.2. Every control or device for opening a door from the outside shall be between 1,000mm
and 1,500mm from the ground and not more than 500mm from the door. In vehicles of
Class I, II and III every control or device for opening a door from the inside shall be
between 1,000mm and 1,500mm from the upper surface of the floor or step nearest the
control and be not more than 500mm from the door. This shall not apply to controls
located within the driver's area.
7.6.4.3. Every one-piece manually-operated service door which is hinged or pivoted shall be so
hinged or pivoted that if the open door comes into contact with a stationary object while
the vehicle is moving forwards it tends to close.
7.6.4.4. If a manually-operated service door is fitted with a slam lock it shall be of the two-stage
type.
7.6.4.5. On the inside of a service door there shall not be any device intended to cover the inside
steps when the door is closed. This does not exclude the presence in the step well, when
the door is closed, of the door operating mechanism and other equipment attached to the
inside of the door which does not form an extension of the floor on which passengers
may stand. This mechanism and equipment should not be dangerous for the
passengers.
7.6.4.6. If the direct view is not adequate, optical or other devices shall be installed to enable the
driver to detect from his seat the presence of a passenger in the immediate interior and
exterior vicinity of every side service door which is not an automatically-operated service
door.
In the case of double-deck vehicles of Class I, this requirement also applies to the
interior of all service doors and to the immediate vicinity of each intercommunication
staircase on the upper deck.
In the case of a service door in the rear face of the vehicle not exceeding 22 passengers,
this requirement is satisfied if the driver is able to detect the presence of a person 1.3m
tall standing 1m behind the vehicle.
Driving mirrors may be used to meet the requirements of this paragraph provided that
the field of view required for driving is still met.
In the case of doors situated behind the articulated section of an articulated vehicle,
mirrors shall not be deemed to be a sufficient optical device.
7.6.4.7. Every door which opens towards the interior of the vehicle and its mechanism shall be so
constructed that its movement is not likely to cause injury to passengers in normal
conditions of use. Where necessary, appropriate protection devices shall be fitted.
7.6.4.8. If a service door is located adjacent to a door to a toilet or other internal compartment the
service door shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this requirement
shall not apply if the door is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.

7.6.5.2. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from the driving seat to
deactivate the outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from
outside. In this case, the outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically
either by the starting of the engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20km/h.
Subsequently, deactivation of the outside emergency controls shall not occur
automatically, but shall require a further action by the driver.
7.6.5.3. Every driver-operated service door shall be capable of operation by the driver when in
the driving seat using controls which, except in the case of a foot control, are clearly and
distinctively marked.
7.6.5.4. Every power-operated service door shall activate a visual tell-tale, which shall be plainly
visible to the driver when seated in the normal driving position in any normal ambient
lighting condition, to warn that a door is not fully closed. This tell-tale shall signal
whenever the rigid structure of the door is between the fully open position and a point
30mm from the fully closed position. One tell-tale may serve for one or more doors.
However, no such tell-tale shall be fitted in respect of a front service door which does not
comply with the requirements of Paragraphs 7.6.5.6.1.1 and 7.6.5.6.1.2. below.
7.6.5.5. Where controls are provided for the driver to open and close a power-operated service
door, they shall be such that the driver is able to reverse the movement of the door at
any time during the closing or opening process.
7.6.5.6. The construction and control system of every power-operated service door shall be such
that a passenger is unlikely to be injured by the door or trapped in the door as it closes.
7.6.5.6.1. This requirement shall be considered satisfied if the following two requirements are met:
7.6.5.6.1.1. The first requirement is that when the closing of the door at any measuring point
described in Annex 6 is resisted by a clamping force not exceeding 150N, the door shall
reopen automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remain open until a closing control is operated. The
clamping force may be measured by any method to the satisfaction of the Type Approval
Authority. Guidelines are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation. The peak force may be
higher than 150N for a short time provided that it does not exceed 300N. The reopening
system may be checked by means of a test bar having a section of height 60mm, width
30mm with corners radiused to 5mm.
7.6.5.6.1.2. The second requirement is that whenever the doors are closed onto the wrist or fingers
of a passenger:
7.6.5.6.1.2.1. The door reopens automatically to its fullest extent and, except in the case of an
automatically-operated service door, remains open until a closing control is operated, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.2. The wrist or fingers can be readily extracted from the doors without risk of injury to the
passenger. This requirement may be checked by hand, or by means of the test bar
mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1. above, tapered at one end over a length of 300mm
from a thickness of 30mm to a thickness of 5mm. It shall not be treated with polish nor
lubricated. If the door traps the bar it shall be capable of being easily removed, or
7.6.5.6.1.2.3. The door is maintained at a position allowing the free passage of a test bar having a
section of height 60mm, width 20mm, with corners radiused to 5mm. This position shall
not be more than 30mm distant from the fully closed position.

7.6.6.2.2. The pressing of the push-buttons mentioned in Paragraph 7.6.6.2.1.1. above, and the
use of the means of communication with the driver mentioned in Paragraph 7.7.9.1.
below, may send a signal which is stored and which, after the activation of the opening
controls by the driver, effects the opening of the door.
7.6.6.3. Closing of Automatically-operated Service Doors
7.6.6.3.1. When an automatically-operated service door has opened it shall close again
automatically after a time interval has elapsed. If a passenger enters or leaves the
vehicle during this time interval, a safety device (e.g. a footboard contact, light barrier,
one-way gate) shall ensure that the time until the door closes is sufficiently extended.
7.6.6.3.2. If the passenger enters or leaves the vehicle while the door is closing, the closing
process shall be interrupted automatically and the door shall return to the open position.
The reversal may be actuated by one of the safety devices referred to in
Paragraph 7.6.6.3.1. above or by any other device.
7.6.6.3.3. A door that has closed automatically in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.3.1. above shall
be capable of being opened again by a passenger in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.6.2.
above; this shall not apply if the driver has deactivated the opening controls.
7.6.6.3.4. After deactivation of the opening controls of the automatically-operated service doors by
the driver, open doors shall close in accordance with Paragraphs 7.6.6.3.1 and 7.6.6.3.2.
above.
7.6.6.4. Inhibition of the Automatic Closing Process on Doors Marked for Special Service, e.g. for
Passengers with Prams, Passengers with Reduced Mobility, etc.
7.6.6.4.1. The driver shall be able to inhibit the automatic closing process by actuation of a special
control. A passenger shall also be able to inhibit the automatic closing process directly
by pressing a special push-button.
7.6.6.4.2. The inhibition of the automatic closing process shall be indicated to the driver, e.g. by a
visual tell-tale.
7.6.6.4.3. Re-establishment of the automatic closing process shall in any case be capable of being
done by the driver.
7.6.6.4.4. Paragraph 7.6.6.3. above shall apply to the subsequent closing of the door.
7.6.7. Technical Requirements for Emergency Doors
7.6.7.1. Emergency doors shall be capable of being easily opened from inside and from outside
when the vehicle is stationary. However, this requirement shall not be construed as
precluding the possibility of locking the door from the outside, provided that the door can
always be opened from the inside by the use of the normal opening mechanism.

7.6.8.2.2. Be made of readily-breakable safety glass. This latter provision precludes the possibility
of using panes of laminated glass or of plastic material. A device shall be provided
adjacent to each emergency window, readily available to persons inside the vehicle, to
ensure that each window can be broken. The device for braking the glass for the
emergency windows at the rear of the vehicle shall be positioned either centrally above
or below the emergency window or, alternatively, a device shall be positioned adjacent to
each end of the window.
7.6.8.3. Every emergency window which can be locked from the outside shall be so constructed
as to be capable of being opened at all times from inside the vehicle.
7.6.8.4. If the emergency window is of a type horizontally hinged at the top edge, an appropriate
device shall be provided to hold it fully open. Every hinged emergency window shall
operate so as not to obstruct clear passage from inside or outside the vehicle.
7.6.8.5. The height of the lower edge of an emergency window fitted in the side of the vehicle
from the general level of the floor immediately below it (excluding any local variations
such as the presence of a wheel or transmission housing) shall be not more than
1,200mm nor less than 650mm in the case of a hinged emergency window, or 500mm in
the case of a window made of breakable glass.
However, in the case of a hinged emergency window, the height of the lower edge may
be reduced to a minimum of 500mm provided that the window aperture is equipped with
a guard up to a height of 650mm to prevent the possibility of passengers falling out of the
vehicle. Where the window aperture is equipped with a guard, the size of the window
aperture above the guard shall not be less than the minimum size prescribed for an
emergency window.
7.6.8.6. Every hinged emergency window which is not clearly visible from the driver's seat shall
be fitted with an audible warning device to warn the driver when it is not completely
closed. The window lock, and not the movement of the window itself, shall actuate this
device.
7.6.9. Technical Requirements for Escape Hatches
7.6.9.1. Every escape hatch shall operate so as not to obstruct the clear passage from inside or
outside the vehicle.
7.6.9.2. Roof escape hatches shall be ejectable, hinged or made of readily-breakable safety
glass. Floor hatches shall be either hinged or ejectable and shall be fitted with an audible
warning device to warn the driver when it is not securely closed. The floor escape hatch
lock, and not the movement of the hatch itself, shall actuate this device. Floor escape
hatches shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However this requirement shall
not apply if the floor hatch is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a speed
exceeding 5km/h.
7.6.9.3. Ejectable types shall not become totally detached from the vehicle when operated such
that the hatch is not a danger to other road users. The operation of ejectable escape
hatches shall be such that inadvertent operation is effectively prevented. Floor ejectable
hatches shall eject only into the passenger compartment.
7.6.9.4. Hinged escape hatches shall hinge along the edge towards the front or rear of the
vehicle and shall hinge through an angle of at least 100°. Hinged floor escape hatches
shall hinge into the passenger compartment.

7.6.11.2. The emergency controls of service doors and of all emergency exits shall be marked as
such inside and outside the vehicle either by a representative symbol or by a
clearly-worded inscription.
7.6.11.3. Clear instructions concerning the method of operation shall be placed on or close to
every emergency control of an exit.
7.6.11.4. The language in which any textual markings intended to comply with
Paragraphs 7.6.11.1 to 7.6.11.3. above are to be inscribed shall be determined by the
approving authority bearing in mind the country/countries in which the applicant intends
to market the vehicle in liaison if necessary with the competent authorities of the
country/countries concerned. If the authority of the country/countries where the vehicle is
to be registered has the language changed, this change shall imply no new typeapproval
process.
7.6.12. Service-door Lighting
7.6.12.1. Service-door lighting may be provided to illuminate the flat, horizontal portion of the
ground defined in Paragraph 7.6.12.2.2. below so as to aid passengers boarding and
alighting the vehicle and to enable the presence of a passenger within this portion of the
ground to be detected by the driver from his seat.
7.6.12.2. Service-door lighting, if fitted, shall:
7.6.12.2.1. Be of white colour;
7.6.12.2.2. Illuminate a flat, horizontal portion of the ground having a width of 2m measured from a
plane parallel to the median longitudinal vertical plane of the vehicle which passes
through the outermost point of the closed service door and over a length extending from
a transverse plane which passes through the foremost edge of the closed service door to
a transverse plane passing through the centre line of the foremost wheels situated to the
rear of the service door, or, in the case where there are no such wheels, to a transverse
plane passing through the rear of the vehicle;
7.6.12.2.3. Have limited dazzle outside a zone on the ground having a maximum width of 5m
measured from the side of the vehicle and a maximum length limited by a transverse
plane passing through the front of the vehicle and a transverse plane passing through
the rear of the vehicle;
7.6.12.2.4. If the lower edge of the lighting device is less than 2m from the ground, not project more
than 50mm beyond the overall width of the vehicle measured without this device and
have radii of curvature of not less than 2.5mm;
7.6.12.2.5. Be activated and deactivated manually by a separate switch, and
7.6.12.2.6. Be installed so that the device can only be switched on when a service door is operated
and the vehicle speed does not exceed 5km/h and is switched off automatically before
the vehicle reaches a speed exceeding 5km/h.

7.7.1.8.3. The door is not considered to be a mandatory exit for the purpose of Paragraph 7.6.1.4.
of this Annex;
7.7.1.8.4. When the seat is in the position of use, and when it is in the folded position, no part of it
shall be:
(a)
Forward of a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seating surface of the
driver's seat in its rearmost and lowest position and through the centre of the
exterior rear-view mirror mounted on the opposite side of the vehicle or through
the centre of any monitor used as device for indirect vision, whatever applicable,
and
(b)
Above a horizontal plane which is located 300mm above the centre of the seating
surface of the driver's seat in its rearmost and lowest position.
7.7.1.9. In the case of vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers a doorway and
the route by which passengers gain access to it shall be considered unobstructed if they
have:
7.7.1.9.1. Measured parallel with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, there is a clearance of not less
than 220mm at any point and 550mm at any point being more than 500mm above the
floor or steps (Annex 4, Figure 3).
7.7.1.9.2. Measured perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, there is a clearance of not
less than 300mm at any point and 550mm at any point being more than 1,200mm above
the floor or steps or less than 300mm below the ceiling (Annex 4, Figure 4).
7.7.1.10. The service door and emergency door dimensions in Paragraph 7.6.3.1 and the
requirements of Paragraphs 7.7.1.1 to 7.7.1.7, 7.7.2.1 to 7.7.2.3, 7.7.5.1 and 7.7.8.5. of
this Annex shall not apply to a vehicle of Class B with a technically permissible maximum
mass not exceeding 3.5t and up to 12 passenger seats in which each seat has
unobstructed access to at least two doors.
7.7.1.11. The maximum slope of the floor in the access passage shall not exceed 5%.
7.7.1.12. The surface of access passages shall be slip-resistant.
7.7.2. Access to Emergency Doors (see Annex 4, Figure 5)
The following requirements shall not apply to driver's doors used as emergency exits in
vehicles having a capacity not exceeding 22 passengers.
7.7.2.1. Except as provided for in Paragraph 7.7.2.4. below, the free space between the gangway
and the emergency door aperture shall permit the free passage of a vertical cylinder
300mm in diameter and 700mm high from the floor and supporting a second vertical
cylinder 550mm in diameter, the aggregate height of the assembly being 1,400mm.
The diameter of the upper cylinder may be reduced at the top to 400mm when a chamfer
not exceeding 30° from the horizontal is included.

7.7.5. Gangways (see Annex 4, Figure 6)
7.7.5.1. The gangway(s) of a vehicle shall be so designed and constructed as to permit the free
passage of a gauging device consisting of two co-axial cylinders with an inverted
truncated cone interposed between them, the gauging device having the dimensions
shown in Annex 4, Figure 6.
The gauging device may come into contact with strap hangers, if fitted, or other flexible
objects such as seat belt components and move them easily away.
In vehicles of Classes I and A, the gauging device according to Annex 4, Figure 6 shall
not come into contact with any monitor or display device mounted from the ceiling above
the gangway.
In vehicles of Classes II, III and B, the gauging device according to Annex 4, Figure 6
may come into contact with any monitor or display device mounted from the ceiling
above the gangway provided the maximum force necessary to move any such monitor or
display device out of the way, when applying the gauging device along the gangway in
both directions, does not exceed 20N. After being moved out of the way, the monitor or
display device shall remain in the retracted position.
7.7.5.1.1. If there is no exit forward of a seat or row of seats:
7.7.5.1.1.1. In the case of forward-facing seats, the front edge of the cylindrical gauge defined in
Paragraph 7.7.5.1. above shall reach at least until the transverse vertical plane
tangential to the foremost point of the foremost front row seat back and be retained in
that position. From this plane, it shall be possible to move the panel shown in Annex 4,
Figure 7, in such a way that starting from the contact position with the cylindrical gauge,
the panel side facing the exterior of the vehicle is displaced forwards a distance of
660mm.
7.7.5.1.1.2. In the case of sideways facing seats, the forward part of the cylindrical gauge shall reach
at least the transversal plane which coincides with a vertical plane passing through the
centre of the forward seat. (Annex 4, Figure 7).
7.7.5.1.1.3. In the case of rearward facing seats, the forward part of the cylindrical gauge shall reach
at least the transverse vertical plane tangential to the face of the seat cushions of the
forward row or seat (Annex 4, Figure 7).
7.7.5.2. (Reserved).
7.7.5.3. On vehicles of Class III the seats on one side or on both sides of the gangway may be
moveable laterally, it being then possible to reduce the width of the gangway to a figure
corresponding to a lower cylinder diameter of 220mm, on condition that the operation of
a control on each seat, readily accessible to a person standing in the gangway, shall be
sufficient to cause the seat to return easily and, if possible, automatically, even when it is
loaded, to the position corresponding to a minimum width of 300mm.
7.7.5.4. On articulated vehicles, the gauging device defined in Paragraph 7.7.5.1. above shall be
able to pass unobstructed through the articulated section on any deck where the two
sections permit through passage by passengers. No part of the soft covering of that
section, including parts of bellows, shall project into the gangway.

7.7.7.4. Where there is more than one step, each step may extend into the area of the vertical
projection of the next step by up to 100mm and the projection over the tread below shall
leave a free surface of at least 200mm (see Annex 4, Figure 8) with all step nosing’s
being designed such as to minimise the risk of tripping. All step nosing’s shall contrast
visually with their immediate surroundings.
7.7.7.5. The width and shape of every step shall be such that a rectangle as indicated in the table
below can be placed on that step with not more than 5% of the area of the appropriate
rectangle overhanging the step. At a double doorway each half of the doorway shall fulfil
this requirement.
Number of passengers > 22 ≤ 22
Area First step (mm) 400 × 300 400 × 200
Other steps (mm) 400 × 200 400 × 200
7.7.7.6. All steps shall have a slip-resistant surface.
7.7.7.7. The maximum slope of the step in any direction shall not exceed 5%.
7.7.8. Passenger Seats (Including Folding Seats) and Space for Seated Passengers
7.7.8.1. Minimum Seat Width (see Annex 4, Figure 9)
7.7.8.1.1. The minimum width of the seat cushion, Dimension F (Annex 4, Figure 9), measured
from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that seating position, shall be:
7.7.8.1.1.1. 200mm in the case of Class I, II, A, B; or
7.7.8.1.1.2. 225mm in the case of Class III.
7.7.8.1.2. The minimum width of the available space for each seating position, Dimension G
(Annex 4, Figure 9), measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of that
seating position at heights between 270mm and 650mm above the uncompressed seat
cushion, shall be not less than:
7.7.8.1.2.1. 250mm in the case of Individual seats; or
7.7.8.1.2.2. 225mm in the case of continuous rows of seats for two or more passengers.
7.7.8.1.3. For vehicles not exceeding a width of 2.35m:
7.7.8.1.3.1. In width of the available space for each seating position, measured from a vertical plane
passing through the centre of that seating position at heights between 270mm and
650mm above the uncompressed seat cushion, shall be 200mm (see Annex 4,
Figure 9A). In case of compliance with this Paragraph the requirements of
Paragraph 7.7.8.1.2. above shall not apply; and

7.7.8.4.5. Measurements shall be taken with any folding table fitted to a seat back in the folded
(stowed) position.
7.7.8.4.6. Seats which are mounted on a track or other system which permits the operator or the
user to easily vary the interior configuration of the vehicle shall be measured in the
normal position of use specified by the manufacturer in the application for approval.
7.7.8.5. Space for Seated Passengers (see Annex 4, Figure 13)
7.7.8.5.1. For a seat behind a partition or other rigid structure other than a seat, a minimum clear
space in front of each required passenger seating space (as defined in
Paragraph 7.7.8.6. below) shall be provided as shown in Annex 4, Figure 13. A partition
whose contour corresponds approximately to that of the inclined seat back may intrude
into this space. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles of Class A or
B, intrusion of the dashboard, instrument panel, gear change control, windscreen, sun
visor, seat belts and seat belt anchorages shall be allowed.
7.7.8.5.2. For a seat behind a seat and/or a seat facing the gangway, a minimum clear foot space
of at least 300mm depth and a width according to Paragraph 7.7.8.1.1. of this Annex,
shall be provided as shown in Annex 4, Figure 11b. The local presence in this space of
seat legs, passenger footrests and of intrusions as provided by Paragraph 7.7.8.6. below
shall be permitted provided that adequate space remains for the passengers' feet. This
foot space may partly be situated in and/or above the gangway but shall not create any
obstruction when measuring the minimum gangway-width in accordance with
Paragraph 7.7.5. In the case of seats alongside the driver's seat in vehicles of Class A or
B, intrusion of the seat belts and seat belt anchorages shall be allowed.
7.7.8.5.3. The minimum number of priority seats complying with the requirements of Annex 8,
Paragraph 3.2. shall be four in Class I, two in Class II and one in Class A. A seat that
folds out of the way when not in use shall not be designated as a priority seat.
7.7.8.6. Free Height Over Seating Positions
7.7.8.6.1. In the case of single deck vehicles, over each seating position and, except in the case of
the seat(s) alongside the driver in a vehicle of Class A or B, its associated foot space,
there shall be measured a free space with a height of not less than 900mm measured
from the highest point of the uncompressed seat cushion and at least 1,350mm from the
mean level of the floor in the foot space. In the case of vehicles to which
Paragraph 7.7.1.10. of this Annex applies, and also for the seat(s) alongside the driver in
a vehicle of Class A or B, these dimensions may be reduced to 1,200mm measured from
the floor and 800mm measured from the highest point of the uncompressed seat
cushion.
In the case of double deck vehicles, each seating position shall have a free height of not
less than 900mm measured from the highest point of the uncompressed seat cushion. In
the case of the upper deck, this free height may be reduced to 850mm.

7.7.9. Communication with the Driver
7.7.9.1. On vehicles of Classes I, II and A, a means shall be provided to enable passengers to
signal that the driver should stop the vehicle. The controls for all such communication
devices shall be capable of being operated with the palm of the hand. There shall be
appropriate communication devices distributed adequately and evenly throughout the
vehicle and no more than 1,500mm from the floor, this does not exclude the possibility of
installing higher additional communication devices. Controls shall contrast visually with
their immediate surroundings. Activation of the control shall also be indicated to the
passengers by means of one or more illuminated signs. The sign shall display the words
"bus stopping" or equivalent, and/or a suitable pictogram and shall remain illuminated
until the service door(s) open. Articulated vehicles shall have such signs in each rigid
section of the vehicle. Double-deck vehicles shall have them on each deck. The
provisions of Paragraph 7.6.11.4. of this Annex apply to any textual markings used.
7.7.9.2. Communication with the Crew Compartment
If a crew compartment is fitted without access to the driver or passenger compartments,
a means of communication between the driver and this crew compartment shall be
provided.
7.7.9.3. Communication with the Toilet Compartment
Toilet compartments shall be fitted with a means of summoning assistance in an
emergency.
7.7.10. Hot Drink Machines and Cooking Equipment
7.7.10.1. Hot drink machines and cooking equipment shall be so installed or guarded that no hot
food or drink is likely to be spilled on any passenger due to emergency braking or
cornering forces.
7.7.10.2. On vehicles fitted with hot-drink machines or cooking equipment, all passenger seats
shall have adequate provision for setting down hot food or drink whilst the vehicle is in
motion.
7.7.11. Doors to Interior Compartments
Every door to a toilet or other interior compartment:
7.7.11.1. Shall be self-closing, and shall not be fitted with any device to hold it open if, when open,
it could obstruct passengers in an emergency.
7.7.11.2. Shall, when open, not conceal any handle, control device for opening or obligatory
marking associated with any service door, emergency door, emergency exit, fire
extinguisher or first aid kit;
7.7.11.3. Shall be provided with a means to enable the door to be opened from outside the
compartment in an emergency.
7.7.11.4. Shall not be capable of being locked from the outside unless it can always be opened
from the inside.

7.7.13.2. The driver's compartment shall be protected from objects liable to roll into it from the
passenger area immediately behind the compartment in the case of heavy braking. This
requirement shall be deemed to be satisfied when a ball of 50mm diameter cannot roll
into the driver's compartment from the passenger area immediately behind the
compartment.
7.7.13.3. The driver shall be protected from the sun and from the effects of glare and reflections
caused by artificial interior lighting. Any lighting likely to affect adversely and significantly
the driver's vision shall be capable of being operated only while the vehicle is at rest.
7.7.13.4. The vehicle shall be provided with devices allowing defrosting and demisting of the
windscreen.
7.7.14. Driver's Seat
7.7.14.1. The driver's seat shall be independent of other seats.
7.7.14.2. The seat back shall either be curved or the driver's area shall be provided with armrests
positioned in such a way that the driver is neither constrained during vehicle
manoeuvring operations, nor becomes unbalanced by transverse accelerations which
can occur in service.
7.7.14.3. The minimum width of the seat cushion, (Dimension F, see Annex 4, Figure 9) measured
from a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seat, shall be:
7.7.14.3.1. 200mm in the case of Class A or B;
7.7.14.3.2. 225mm in the case of Class I, II or III.
7.7.14.4. The minimum depth of the seat cushion, (Dimension K, see Annex 4, Figure 11a)
measured from a vertical plane passing through the centre of the seat, shall be:
7.7.14.4.1. 350mm in the case of Class A or B;
7.7.14.4.2. 400mm in the case of Class I, II or III.
7.7.14.5. The minimum overall width of the seat back measured up to a height of 250mm above
the horizontal plane tangential to the uppermost surface of the uncompressed seat
cushion shall be 450mm.
7.7.14.6. The distance between armrests shall ensure a free space for the driver, as defined in
Paragraph 7.7.14.2. above, of not less than 450mm.
7.7.14.7. The seat shall be adjustable in its longitudinal and vertical positions and in its seat back
inclination. It shall lock automatically in the selected position and, if fitted with a
swivelling mechanism, it shall lock automatically when in the driving position. The seat
shall be equipped with a suspension system.
7.7.14.7.1. The suspension system and the vertical position adjustment are not mandatory for
vehicle of Class A or B.

7.9.3. The difference in level between the floor of the rigid portions and the floor of the rotating
base, measured at the joint, shall not exceed:
7.9.3.1. 20mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.1. above, or
7.9.3.2. 30mm in the conditions described in Paragraph 7.9.2.2. above.
7.9.4. On articulated vehicles means shall be provided to physically prevent access by
passengers to any part of the articulated section where:
7.9.4.1. The floor has an uncovered gap not complying with the requirements of Paragraph 7.9.2;
7.9.4.2. The floor cannot carry the mass of the passengers;
7.9.4.3. The movements of the walls constitute a danger to passengers.
7.10. Direction-holding of Articulated Vehicles
When an articulated vehicle is moving in a straight line, the longitudinal median planes of
its rigid portion shall coincide and form a continuous plane without any deflection.
7.11. Handrails and Handholds
7.11.1. General Requirements
7.11.1.1. Handrails and handholds shall be of adequate strength.
7.11.1.2. They shall be so designed and installed as to present no risk of injury to passengers.
7.11.1.3. Handrails and handholds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every handrail shall provide a length of at least 100mm to accommodate a
hand. No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 20mm or greater than 45mm
except in the case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of
Class II, III or B, in access passages. In these cases handrails having a minimum
dimension of 15mm shall be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least
25mm. Handrails shall not have sharp bends.
7.11.1.4. The clearance between a handrail or handhold, along the majority of its length, and the
adjacent part of the vehicle body or walls shall be least 40mm. However, in the case of a
handrail on a door or a seat, or in the access passage of a vehicle of Class II, III or B, a
minimum clearance of 35mm shall be permitted.
7.11.1.5. The surface of every handrail, handhold or stanchion shall contrast visually with their
immediate surroundings and be slip-resistant.

7.11.5. Handrails and Handholds for Intercommunication Staircases in Double Deck Vehicles
7.11.5.1. Suitable handrails or handholds shall be provided at each side of all intercommunication
staircases. These shall be positioned between 800mm and 1,100mm above the tread
edge of each step.
7.11.5.2. The handrails and/or handholds to be provided shall be such that they include a grasping
point available to a person standing on the lower or upper deck adjacent to the
intercommunication staircase, and at any of the successive steps. Such points shall be
situated vertically between 800mm and 1,100mm above the lower deck or each above
the surface of each step, and,
7.11.5.2.1. For the position appropriate to a person standing on the lower deck, not more than
400mm inwards from the outer edge of the first step, and
7.11.5.2.2. For the position appropriate to a particular step, not outwards from the outer edge of the
step considered, and not more than 600mm inwards from the same edge.
7.12. Guarding of Step Wells and Exposed Seats
7.12.1. Where any seated passenger is likely to be thrown forward into a step well as a result of
heavy braking, either a guard or, in the case of a vehicle of Class A or B, a safety-belt
shall be fitted. Where fitted, the guard shall have a minimum height from the floor on
which the passenger's feet rest of 800mm and shall extend inwards from the wall of the
vehicle at least as far as 100mm beyond the longitudinal centreline of any seating
position where the passenger is at risk or to the riser of the innermost step; whichever is
the lesser dimension.
7.12.2. On the upper deck of a double-deck vehicle, the intercommunication staircase well shall
be protected by an enclosed guard having a minimum height of 800mm measured from
the floor. The lower edge of the guard shall not be more than 100mm from the floor.
7.12.3. The front windscreen ahead of passengers occupying upper deck front seats of a
double-deck vehicle shall be provided with a padded guard. The higher edge of that
protection shall be situated vertically between 800mm and 900mm above the floor where
the passenger's feet rest.
7.12.4. The riser of each step in an intercommunication staircase of a double deck vehicle shall
be closed.
7.13. Baggage Racks and Occupant Protection
The occupants of the vehicle shall be protected from objects liable to fall from baggage
racks under braking or cornering forces. If baggage compartments are fitted, they shall
be designed in such a way that baggage is prevented from falling in the event of sudden
braking.
7.14. Trap Doors, if Fitted
7.14.1. Every trap door, that is not an escape hatch, on the floor of a vehicle shall be so fitted
and secured that it cannot be dislodged or opened without the use of tools or keys and
no lifting or securing device shall project by more than 8mm above floor level. Edges of
projections shall be rounded.

ANNEX 3 − APPENDIX
VERIFICATION OF STATIC TILTING LIMIT BY MEANS OF CALCULATION
1. A vehicle may be shown to meet the requirement specified in Paragraph 7.4 of Annex 3 by a
calculation method approved by the Technical Service for conducting the tests.
2. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the tests may require tests to be carried out on
parts of the vehicle to verify the assumption made in the calculation.
3. PREPARATIONS FOR CALCULATION
3.1. The vehicle shall be represented by a spatial system.
3.2. Due to the location of the centre of gravity of the body of the vehicle and the different spring rates
of the vehicle suspension and tyres, axles do not generally lift simultaneously on one side of the
vehicle as a result of lateral acceleration. Therefore, lateral tilting of the body over each axle has
to be ascertained on the supposition that the wheels of the other axle(s) remain on the ground.
3.3. To simplify matters, it shall be assumed that the centre of gravity of the unsprung masses lies in
the longitudinal plane of the vehicle on the line passing through the centre of the wheel rotation
axle. The small shifting of the roll centre due to deflection of the axle can be neglected. The air
suspension control should not be taken into account.
3.4. The following parameters, at least, shall be taken into account:
Vehicle data such as wheel base, tread width and sprung/unsprung masses, location of the
centre of gravity of the vehicle, deflection and rebound and the spring rate of the vehicle
suspension, considering also non-linearity, horizontal and vertical spring rate of the tyres, torsion
of the superstructure, location of the roll centre of the axles.
4. VALIDITY OF THE CALCULATION METHOD
4.1. The validity of the calculation method shall be established to the satisfaction of the technical
service, e.g. on the basis of a comparative test with a similar vehicle.

Figure 2
Access to Service Doors
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.4)
Figure 3
Determination of Unobstructed Access to Door
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.1.9.1)

Figure 6
Gangway Mannequin
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.)

Figure 7
Forward Limitation of the Gangway
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.5.1.1.1)

G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
225
250
Figure 9
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.)
G (mm) minimum
F (mm) min
Continuous seats
Individual seats
200
200
200
Figure 9A
Width of Passenger Seats
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.1.3)

H = 400/500mm
K = 350mm min
Figure 11a
Seat-cushion Depth and Height
(see Annex 3, Paragraphs 7.7.8.2 and 7.7.8.3)

Figure 13
Space for Seated Passengers behind a Partition or other Rigid Structure other than a Seat
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.5.1)

I (mm)
400 to 500
(for Classes A, B, I and II min 350mm at wheel
arches and engine compartment(s))
Figure 15
Permitted Intrusion above a Seating Position
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.2)

Figure 17
Permitted Intrusion at Rear Corner Seats
View of the Prescribed Area of the Seat (Two Side Seats at the Rear)
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.8.6.3.4)

Thickness 20mm
Figure 20
Testing Device for Siting of Handholds
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.11.2.1)

Figure 23
Accessibility Symbols
(see Annex 8, Paragraphs 3.2.8 and 3.6.6)
Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols: ISO 3864-1:2002
Figure 23A
Pictogram for Wheelchair Users
Colour:
Size:
blue basis with white symbol
at least 130mm diameter
Reference for the design principles of safety symbols: ISO 3864-1:2002
Figure 23B
Pictogram for Passengers with Reduced Mobility other than Wheelchair Users

Figure 26
Roof Escape Hatch Access
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.7.4.1.1)

Figure 29
Example of a Backrestt for a Rearward-facing
Wheelchair
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.8.6)

ANNEX 5
(Reserved)
ANNEX 6
GUIDELINES FOR MEASURING THE CLOSING FORCES OF POWER-OPERATED DOORS
(see Annex 3, Paragraph 7.6.5.6.1.1.)
AND THE REACTIVE FORCES OF POWER-OPERATED RAMPS
(see Annex 8, Paragraph 3.11.4.3.3.)
1. GENERAL
The closing of a power-operated door and the operation of a power-operated ramp are dynamic
processes. When a moving door or ramp hits an obstacle, the result is a dynamic reaction
force, the history of which (in time) depends on several factors (e.g. mass of the door or ramp,
acceleration, dimensions).
2. DEFINITIONS
2.1. Closing or reactive force F(t) is a time function, measured at the outer edge of the door or ramp
(see Paragraph 3.2. below).
2.2. Peak force F is the maximum value of the closing or reactive force.
2.3. Effective force F is the average value of the closing or reactive force related to the pulse
duration:
F
1
=

F()
t dt
T
2.4. Pulse duration T is the time between the t and t :
T = t - t
Where,
t = threshold of sensitivity, where the closing or reactive force exceeds 50N.
t = fade-away threshold, where the closing or reactive force becomes less than 50N.

3.2.2. In the case of ramps:
3.2.2.1. At the outer edge of the ramp situated perpendicularly to its direction of movement:
one in the middle of the ramp;
one 100mm inboard from each of the edges parallel to the direction of travel of the ramp.
3.3. At least three measurements shall be taken at each of the measuring points to determine the
clamping or mean reactive force according to Paragraph 2.6. above.
3.4. The signal of the closing or reactive force shall be recorded by means of a low-pass filter with a
limiting frequency of 100Hz. Both the threshold of sensitivity and the fade-away threshold to
limit the pulse duration shall be set at 50N.
3.5. The deviation of the reading from the rated value shall not be more than ± 3%.
4. MEASURING DEVICE
4.1. The measuring device shall consist of two parts: one handle and one measuring part which is a
load cell (see Figure 2).
4.2. The load cell shall have the following characteristics:
4.2.1. It shall consist of two sliding housings with the outer dimension of 100mm in diameter and
115mm in width. Inside the load cell a compression spring shall be fitted between the two
housings such that the load cell can be pressed together if an appropriate force is applied.

ANNEX 7
ALTERNATIVE REQUIREMENTS FOR VEHICLES OF CLASSES A AND B
1. Vehicles of Classes A and B shall comply with the requirements of Annex 3 with the exception
that:
(a)
(b)
In place of paragraph 7.6.3.1. of Annex 3, a vehicle may comply with Paragraph 1.1. of
this Annex;
In place of Paragraph 7.6.2. of Annex 3, a vehicle may comply with Paragraph 1.2. of this
Annex.
1.1. Minimum Dimensions for Exits
The several kinds of exits shall have the following minimum dimensions:
Aperture Dimensions Remarks
Service
door
Emergency
door
Emergency
window and
Escape
hatch
Entry height:
Class
A 1,650mm
B 1,500mm
Aperture
Height
Width:
Single door:
650mm
Double door:
1,200mm
Height:
1,250mm
Width:
550mm
Aperture area:
400,000mm
The service door entry height shall be measured as the vertical
distance measured on a vertical plane of the horizontal
projections of the mid point of the door aperture and the top
surface of the lowest step.
The vertical height of the service door aperture shall be such as
to permit the free passage of the dual panel referred to in
Paragraph 7.7.1.1. of Annex 3. The upper corners may be
reduced with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150mm.
For Class B vehicles where the service door aperture height
lies between 1,400mm and 1,500mm a minimum single door
aperture width of 750mm shall apply. For all the vehicles the
width of any service door may be reduced by 100mm when the
measurement is made at the level of the handholds and by
250mm in cases where intruding wheel arches or the actuating
mechanism for automatic or remote-control doors or the rake of
the windscreen so require.
The width may be reduced to 300mm in cases where intruding
wheel arches so require, providing that the width of 550mm is
respected at the minimum height of 400mm above the lowest
part of the door aperture. The upper corners may be reduced
with round-offs, with a radius of not more than 150mm.
It shall be possible to inscribe in this area a rectangle of
500mm × 700mm.

ANNEX 8
ACCOMODATION AND ACCESSIBILITY FOR PASSENGERS OF REDUCED MOBILITY
1. GENERAL
2. SCOPE
This Annex contains the provisions which apply to a vehicle designed for easy access for
passengers with reduced mobility and wheelchair users.
These requirements shall apply to vehicles permitting easier access for persons with
reduced mobility.
3. REQUIREMENTS
3.1. Steps
The height of the first step from the ground of at least one service door shall not exceed
250mm for vehicles of Class I and A and 320mm for vehicles of Classes II, III and B. In
the case where only one service door meets this requirement there shall be no barrier or
sign which prevents that door from being used as both an entrance and an exit.
As an alternative for vehicles of Classes I and A, the first step from the ground shall not
exceed 270mm in two door openings, one entrance and one exit.
In low floor vehicles only a kneeling system, but not a retractable step, may be engaged.
In other vehicles either a kneeling system and/or a retractable step may be engaged.
The height of steps in an access passage at the above-mentioned door(s), and in the
gangway, shall be not more than 200mm for vehicles of Class I and A and 250mm for
vehicles of Class II, III and B.
The transition from a sunken gangway to a seating area shall not be considered to be a
step.
3.2. Priority Seats and Space for Passengers with Reduced Mobility
3.2.1. Seats shall be either forward or rearward facing and shall be situated in a position near
to a service door(s) suitable for boarding and alighting and compliant with Paragraph 3.1.
above.
3.2.2. There shall be adequate space for a guide dog under, or adjacent to, at least one of the
priority seats. This space shall not form a part of the gangway.
3.2.3. Armrests shall be fitted on seats between the seating position and the gangway and shall
be capable of being moved easily out of the way to permit clear access to the seat. In the
case of seats facing each other, one of the gangway seats may alternatively be fitted
with a vertical stanchion. This stanchion shall be positioned so that the seat occupant is
kept securely on the seat and easy access to the seat is possible.
3.2.4. The minimum width of a priority seat cushion, measured from a vertical plane passing
through the centre of that seating position, shall be 220mm on each side.

3.4. Handrails to Priority Seating
3.4.1. A handrail at a height of between 800mm and 900mm above the floor level shall be
provided between the priority seats as described in Paragraph 7.7.8.5.3. of Annex 3 and
at least one service door suitable for boarding and alighting. A break is permitted where
it is necessary to gain access to a wheelchair space, a seat located at a wheel arch, a
staircase, an access passage or a gangway. Any break in the handrail shall not exceed
1,050mm and a vertical handrail shall be provided on at least one side of the break.
3.4.2. Handrails or handholds shall be placed adjacent to priority seating positions to facilitate
entry and exit of the seat, and shall be designed in such a way as to allow the passenger
to grasp them easily.
3.5. Floor Slope
The slope of any gangway, access passage or floor area between any priority seat or
wheelchair space and at least one entrance and one exit or a combined entrance and
exit shall not exceed 8%. Such sloping areas shall be provided with a slip-resistant
surface.
3.6. Wheelchair Accommodation Provisions
3.6.1. For each wheelchair user provided for in the passenger compartment there shall be a
special area at least 750mm wide and 1,300mm long. The longitudinal plane of the
special area shall be parallel to the longitudinal plane of the vehicle and the floor surface
of the special area shall be slip resistant and the maximum slope in any direction shall
not exceed 5%. In the case of a rearward facing wheelchair complying with the
requirements specified in Paragraph 3.8.4 of this Annex, the slope in the longitudinal
direction shall not exceed 8% provided that this slope inclines upwards from the front
end to the rear end of the special area.
In the case of a wheelchair space designed for a forward facing wheelchair, the top of
preceding seat-backs may intrude into the wheelchair space if a clear space is provided
as shown in Annex 4, Figure 22.
3.6.2. There shall be at least one doorway through which wheelchair users can pass. In the
case of vehicles of Class I, at least one wheelchair access door shall be a service
door. The wheelchair access door shall bear a boarding device complying with the
provisions of Paragraph 3.11.3. (a lift) or 3.11.4. (a ramp) of this Annex.
3.6.3. A door for wheelchair access, that is not a service door, shall have a minimum height of
1,400mm. The minimum width of all doors providing wheelchair access to the vehicle
shall be 900mm which may be reduced by 100mm when the measurement is made at
the level of handholds.
3.6.4. It shall be possible for a wheelchair user to move freely and easily from the outside of the
vehicle through at least one of the doors for wheelchair access into the special area(s)
with a reference wheelchair, the dimensions of which are shown in Annex 4, Figure 21.

3.8. Stability of Wheelchairs
3.8.1. In vehicles required to have occupant restraint systems fitted, the wheelchair space shall
be designed for the wheelchair user to travel facing forwards and shall be fitted with
restraint systems complying with either the requirements specified in Paragraph 3.8.2. or
those specified in Paragraph 3.8.3. below
In vehicles not required to have occupant restraint systems fitted, the wheelchair space
shall be fitted with restraint systems complying with the requirements specified in
Paragraph 3.8.2 or 3.8.3., or shall comply with the requirements specified in
Paragraph 3.8.4. below.
3.8.2. Forward-facing Wheelchair − Static Test Requirements
3.8.2.1. Each wheelchair space shall be provided with a restraint system capable of restraining
the wheelchair and the wheelchair user.
3.8.2.2. This restraint system and its anchorages shall be designed to withstand forces
equivalent to the ones required for the passenger seats and occupant restraint systems.
3.8.2.3. A static test shall be carried out in accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.2.3.1. The forces referred hereto shall be applied in forward and rearward directions,
separately and on the restraint system itself;
3.8.2.3.2. The force shall be maintained for a period of not less than 0.2s;
3.8.2.3.3. The restraint system shall be capable of withstanding the test. Permanent deformation,
including partial rupture or breakage of the restraint system shall not constitute failure if
the required force is sustained for the specified time. Where applicable, the locking
device enabling the wheelchair to leave the vehicle shall be operable by hand after
removal of the traction force.
3.8.2.4. In forward direction in the case of a separate wheelchair and wheelchair user restraint
system
3.8.2.4.1. For Category M :
3.8.2.4.1.1. 1,110daN ± 20daN in the case of a lap belt. The force shall be applied on the wheelchair
user restraint system in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle if the restraint system is not attached to the floor of the vehicle. If the restraint
system is attached to the floor, the force shall be applied in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the
horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle;
3.8.2.4.1.2. 675daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the vehicle and towards the front of the
vehicle on the lap portion of the belt and 675daN ± 20daN in the horizontal plane of the
vehicle and towards the front of the vehicle on the torso portion of the belt in the case of
3-point belt;
3.8.2.4.1.3. 1,715daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the front of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.2.4.1.4. The forces shall be applied simultaneously.

3.8.2.6. In rearward direction:
3.8.2.6.1. 810daN ± 20daN in an angle of 45° ± 10° to the horizontal plane of the vehicle and
towards the rear of the vehicle on the wheelchair restraint system.
3.8.2.7. In every case the forces shall be applied to the wheelchair user restraint system by
means of a traction device appropriate to the belt type as specified in Regulation No. 14.
3.8.3. Forward-facing Wheelchair − Hybrid Test Requirements
3.8.3.1. A wheelchair space shall be fitted with a wheelchair restraint system suitable for general
wheelchair application and shall allow the carriage of a wheelchair and a wheelchair user
facing the front of the vehicle;
3.8.3.2. A wheelchair space shall be fitted with a wheelchair user restraint system which shall
comprise of a minimum of two anchorage points and a pelvic restraint (lap belt) designed
and constructed of components intended to perform in a similar manner to those of a
seat belt conforming to Regulation No. 16;
3.8.3.3. Any restraint system fitted to a wheelchair space shall be capable of being easily
released in the case of an emergency;
3.8.3.4. Any wheelchair restraint system shall either:
3.8.3.4.1. Meet the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.8. and be securely
attached to vehicle anchorages meeting the static test requirements in
Paragraph 3.8.3.6. below; or
3.8.3.4.2. Be securely attached to vehicle anchorages such that the combination of restraint and
anchorages meets the requirements of Paragraph 3.8.3.8.
3.8.3.5. Any wheelchair user restraint shall either:
3.8.3.5.1. Meet the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.9. and be securely
attached to vehicle anchorages meeting the static test requirements in
Paragraph 3.8.3.6. below; or
3.8.3.5.2. Be securely attached to vehicle anchorages such that the combination of restraint and
anchorages meets the dynamic test requirements described in Paragraph 3.8.3.9. when
attached to anchorages set up as described in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.7.
3.8.3.6. A static test shall be carried out on the anchorage points for both the wheelchair restraint
system and the wheelchair user restraint in accordance with the following requirements:
3.8.3.6.1. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.7. below shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair restraint system;
3.8.3.6.2. The forces specified in Paragraph 3.8.3.7.3. below shall be applied by means of a device
reproducing the geometry of the wheelchair user restraint and by means of a traction
device specified in Regulation No. 14.

3.8.3.8.1.2. Exceeding 15g in the forward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.04s;
3.8.3.8.1.3. Exceeding a duration of 0.075s;
3.8.3.8.1.4. Not exceeding 28 g and for not more than 0.08s;
3.8.3.8.1.5. Not exceeding a duration of more than 0.12s, and
3.8.3.8.2. A representative wheelchair test trolley of mass 85kg shall, from a speed of between
48km/h to 50km/h to rest, be subject to a deceleration-time pulse:
3.8.3.8.2.1. Exceeding 5g in the rearward direction for a cumulative period of at least 0.015s;
3.8.3.8.2.2. Not exceeding 8g in the rearward direction and for not more than 0.02s;
3.8.3.8.3. The test in Paragraph 3.8.3.8.2. above shall not apply if the same restraints are used for
the forward and rearward direction or if an equivalent test has been conducted;
3.8.3.8.4. For the above test, the wheelchair restraint system shall be attached to either:
3.8.3.8.4.1. Anchorages fixed to the test rig which represents the geometry of the anchorages in a
vehicle for which the restraint system is intended, or
3.8.3.8.4.2. Anchorages forming part of a representative section of the vehicle for which the restraint
system is intended, set up as described in Paragraph 3.8.3.6.7. above.
3.8.3.9. A wheelchair user restraint shall comply with the test requirements specified in
Regulation No. 16 or an equivalent test to the deceleration-time pulse in
Paragraph 3.8.3.8.1. above. A seat belt approved to Regulation No. 16 and so marked
shall be deemed to comply.
3.8.3.10. A test in Paragraph 3.8.3.6., 3.8.3.8. or 3.8.3.9. above shall be deemed to have failed
unless the following requirements are met:
3.8.3.10.1. No part of the system shall have failed, or shall have become detached from its
anchorage or from the vehicle during the test;
3.8.3.10.2. Mechanisms to release the wheelchair and user shall be capable of release after
completion of the test;
3.8.3.10.3. In the test in Paragraph 3.8.3.8. above the wheelchair shall not move more than 200mm
in the longitudinal plane of the vehicle during the test;
3.8.3.10.4. No part of the system shall be deformed to such an extent after completion of the test
that, because of sharp edges or other protrusions, the part is capable of causing injury.
3.8.3.11. Its operating instructions shall be clearly displayed adjacent to it.

3.8.6. Example of a backrest meeting the requirements of Paragraph 3.8.4.1.3. above (see
Annex 4, Figure 29).
3.8.6.1. The bottom edge of a backrest shall be at a height of not less than 350mm and of not
more than 480mm measured vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.
3.8.6.2. The top edge of a backrest shall be at a height of not less than 1,300mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.
3.8.6.3. A backrest shall have a width of:
3.8.6.3.1. Not less than 270mm and of not more than 420mm up to a height of 830mm measured
vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space, and
3.8.6.3.2. Not less than 270mm and of not more than 300mm at heights exceeding 830mm
measured vertically from the floor of the wheelchair space.
3.8.6.4. A backrest shall be fitted at an angle of not less than four degrees and of not more than
eight degrees to the vertical with the bottom edge of the backrest positioned closer to the
rear of the vehicle than the top edge.
3.8.6.5. The padded surface of a backrest shall form a single and continuous plane.
3.8.6.6. The padded surface of a backrest shall pass through any point on an imaginary vertical
plane situated to the rear of the front end of the wheelchair space and situated not less
than 100mm and not more than 120mm from the front end of the wheelchair space
measured horizontally and not less than 830mm and not more than 870mm from the floor
of the wheelchair space measured vertically.
3.9. Door Controls
3.9.1. If a door referred to in Paragraph 3.6 is fitted with opening controls for use under normal
circumstances, these controls shall:
3.9.1.1. In the case of exterior controls, be on or adjacent to that door at a height between 850mm
and 1,300mm from the ground and be not more than 900mm from the door, and
3.9.1.2. In the case of interior controls in vehicles of Class I, II and III, be on or adjacent to that
door at a height of between 850mm and 1,300mm from the upper surface of the floor
nearest the control and be not more than 900mm in any direction from the door aperture.
3.10. Provisions for the Accommodation of Unfolded Prams and Pushchairs
3.10.1. (Reserved)
3.10.2. The dimensions of the unfolded pram or pushchair area shall not be less than 750mm
wide and 1,300mm long. Its longitudinal plane shall be parallel to the longitudinal plane of
the vehicle and the floor surface shall be slip resistant.

3.10.9. Additional wheelchair areas may be combined with the area for the accommodation of an
unfolded pram or pushchair provided the relevant requirements are met. In such a case,
the area shall have signs fixed on or adjacent to them with the following text, equivalent
text or pictogram:
"Please give up this space for a wheelchair user".
3.11. Provisions for Boarding Devices
3.11.1. General requirements:
3.11.1.1. The controls actuating the boarding devices shall be clearly marked as such. The
extended or lowered position of the boarding device shall be indicated by a tell-tale to the
driver.
3.11.1.2. In the event of the failure of a safety device, lifts, ramps and kneeling systems shall be
incapable of operation, unless they can be safely operated by manual effort. The type and
location of the emergency operating mechanism shall be clearly marked. In the event of
power failure, lifts and ramps shall be capable of manual operation.
3.11.1.3. Access to one of the service or emergency doors on the vehicle may be obstructed by a
boarding device providing the following two conditions are satisfied from both inside and
outside the vehicle.
3.11.1.3.1. The boarding device does not obstruct the handle or other device for opening the door.
3.11.1.3.2. The boarding device can be readily moved to leave the doorway clear for use in an
emergency.
3.11.2. Kneeling System
3.11.2.1. A switch shall be required to enable operation of the kneeling system.
3.11.2.2. Any control which initiates the lowering or raising of any part or the whole of the bodywork
relative to the road surface shall be clearly identified and be under the direct control of the
driver.
3.11.2.3. The lowering process shall be capable of being stopped and immediately reversed by a
control both within the reach of the driver, whilst seated in the cab, and also adjacent to
any other operating controls provided for the operation of the kneeling system.
3.11.2.4. Any kneeling system that is fitted to a vehicle shall not allow the vehicle to be driven at a
speed of more than 5km/h when the vehicle is lower than the normal height of travel.
3.11.3. Lift
3.11.3.1. General Provisions
3.11.3.1.1. Lifts shall only be capable of operation when the vehicle is at standstill. Any movement of
the platform shall be prevented unless a device preventing the wheelchair from rolling off
has been activated or has automatically come into operation.
3.11.3.1.2. The lift platform shall not be less than 800mm wide, and not less than 1,200mm long and
shall be capable of operating when carrying a mass of at least 300kg.

3.11.4.1.7. A portable ramp shall be secure when in its position for use. A portable ramp shall be
provided with a suitable position where it can be safely stowed and where it is readily
available for use.
3.11.4.2. Modes of Operation
3.11.4.2.1. Deployment and stowage of the ramp may be either manually or power-operated.
3.11.4.3. Additional Technical Requirements for Power-operated Ramps
3.11.4.3.1. Deployment and stowage of the ramp shall be indicated by flashing yellow lights and an
audible signal.
3.11.4.3.2. Deployment and stowage of the ramp that may create a risk of injury shall be protected by
a safety device(s).
3.11.4.3.3. These safety devices shall stop the movement of the ramp when the ramp is subject to a
reactive force not exceeding 150N. The peak force may be higher than 150N for a short
time provided that it does not exceed 300N. The reactive force may be measured by any
method to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority. Guidelines for measuring the
reactive forces are given in Annex 6 to this Regulation.
3.11.4.3.4. The horizontal movement of a ramp shall be interrupted when a mass of 15kg is placed
upon it.
3.11.4.4. Operation of power-operated ramps
3.11.4.4.1. Where the driver has an adequate view of the ramp sufficient to monitor its deployment
and use, to ensure the safety of passengers, the ramp may be operated by the driver
when in the driver’s seat. This requirement may be met by a suitable indirect vision
device(s).
3.11.4.4.2. In all others cases, the controls shall be adjacent to the ramp. They shall be capable of
being activated and deactivated only by the driver from his seat.
3.11.4.5. Operation of manually-operated ramp
3.11.4.5.1. The ramp shall be so designed that excessive forces are not required to operate the ramp.

ANNEX 11
MASSES AND DIMENSIONS
1. This Annex applies to the masses and dimensions of vehicles of Categories M and M
in so far as they are necessary for the approval of a vehicle in respect of its general
construction.
2. DEFINITIONS
For the purposes of this Annex:
2.1. "Group of axles" means axles being part of a bogie. A two-axle group is called a
tandem and a tri-axle group a tri-axle bogie. By convention, a solo axle is considered as
a group of one axle.
2.2. "Vehicle dimensions" means the dimensions of the vehicle based on its construction,
as stated by the manufacturer.
2.2.1. "Vehicle length" is a dimension which is measured according to
ISO Standard 612-1978, Term No 6.1.
In addition to the provisions of that Standard, when measuring the vehicle length the
following devices shall not be taken into account:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
(h)
(i)
(j)
(k)
(l)
wiper and washer devices,
front or rear marking-plates,
customs sealing devices and their protection,
devices for securing the tarpaulin and their protection,
lighting equipment,
mirrors and other devices for indirect vision,
watching aids,
air-intake pipes,
length stops for demountable bodies,
access steps and hand-holds,
ram rubbers and similar equipment,
lifting platforms, access ramps and similar equipment in running order, not
exceeding 300mm, provided that the loading capacity of the vehicle is not
increased,

2.3. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the axle (m)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the axle on the
road surface, based on the construction of the vehicle and of the axle and as stated by
the vehicle manufacturer.
2.4. "Technically permissible maximum mass on a group of axles (µ)" means the mass
corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load exerted by the group of
axles on the road surface, based on both the construction of the vehicle and of the group
of axles and as stated by the vehicle manufacturer.
2.5. "Towable mass" means the total load exerted on the road surface by the axle(s) of the
towed vehicle(s).
2.6. "Technically permissible maximum towable mass (TM)" means the maximum
towable mass stated by the manufacturer.
2.7. "Technically permissible maximum mass on the coupling point of a vehicle"
means the mass corresponding to the maximum permissible static vertical load on the
coupling point based on the construction of the motor vehicle and/or coupling device and
as stated by the manufacturer. By definition, this mass does not include the mass of the
coupling device of the vehicle.
2.8. "Technically permissible maximum laden mass of the combination (MC)" means
the total mass of a combination of vehicle and trailer(s) as stated by the manufacturer.
2.9. "Axle-lift device" means a device permanently fitted to a vehicle for the purpose of
reducing or increasing the load on the axle(s), according to the loading conditions of the
vehicle:
a) either by raising the wheels clear off the ground/lowering them to the ground,
b) or without raising the wheels off the ground, (e.g. in the case of air suspension
systems, or other systems),
in order to reduce the wear on the tyres when the vehicle is not fully laden, and/or make
starting (moving off) on slippery ground easier for vehicles or vehicle combinations, by
increasing the load on the driving axle.
3. REQUIREMENTS
3.1. Measurement of the Mass of the Vehicle in Running Order and of its Distribution
Among the Axles
The mass of the vehicle in running order and its distribution on the axles are measured
on the vehicle(s) submitted in accordance with Paragraph 3.4. of this Regulation placed
in a stationary position with their wheels set straight ahead. If the measured masses
differ by no more than 3% from the masses stated by the manufacturer for the
corresponding technical configurations within the type, or by no more than 5% if the
vehicle is of Category M not exceeding 3,500kg, the masses in running order and their
distribution among the axles as stated by the manufacturer are used for the purpose of
the requirements below. Otherwise the measured masses shall be used and the
technical service may then, if necessary, carry out additional measurements on
vehicle(s) other than those submitted in accordance with Paragraph 3.4. of this
Regulation.

3.2.2.2. For each group of axles designated 'j', the sum of the masses m on its axles shall not be
less than the mass µ . In addition, each of the masses m shall not be less than the part
of µ applying on the axle 'i' as determined by the mass distribution laws for that group of
axles.
3.2.2.3. The sum of the masses µ shall not be less than the mass M.
3.2.2.4. MC shall not exceed M + TM.
3.2.3. Loading Conditions
3.2.3.1. The mass of the vehicle in running order, plus the mass Q multiplied by the number of
seated and standing passengers, plus the masses WP, B and BX as defined in
Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. below, plus the technical permissible maximum mass on the
coupling point, if a coupling is fitted by the manufacturer, shall not exceed the mass M.
3.2.3.2. When the vehicle in running order is laden as described in Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. below,
the mass corresponding to the load on each axle shall not exceed the mass m on each
axle, and the mass corresponding to the load on each solo axle or group of axles shall
not exceed the mass µ on that group of axles. Moreover, the mass corresponding to the
load on the driving axle or the sum of masses, corresponding to the loads on the driving
axles shall be at least 25% of M.
3.2.3.2.1. The vehicle in running order is loaded with: a mass corresponding to the number P of
seated passengers, of mass Q; a mass corresponding to the number SP of standing
passengers, of mass Q uniformly distributed over the surface available for standing
passengers S ; where appropriate, a mass WP uniformly distributed over each
wheelchair space; a mass equal to B (kg) uniformly distributed in the baggage
compartments; a mass equal to BX (kg) uniformly distributed over the surface area of the
roof equipped for the carriage of baggage, where:
P is the number of seating places.
S is the area for standing passengers. In the case of vehicles of Classes III or B, S = 0.
SP, declared by the manufacturer, shall not exceed the value S /S , where S is the
conventional space provided for one standing passenger specified in the table below.
WP (kg), is the number of wheelchair spaces multiplied by 250kg representing the mass
of a wheelchair and user.
B (kg), declared by the manufacturer, shall have a numeric value not less than 100 × V.
V is the total volume of baggage compartments in m including exterior racks, ski-boxes
and baggage compartments, that are attached to the outside of the vehicle.
BX, declared by the manufacturer, shall have a numeric value not less than 75kg/m .
Double deck vehicles shall not be equipped for the carriage of baggage on the roof and
therefore BX for double deck vehicles shall be zero.

3.3. Marking of Vehicles
3.3.1. The vehicle shall be clearly marked on the inside in a position visible to the driver in his
seating position:
3.3.1.1. In letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than 12mm high,
with:
3.3.1.1.1. The maximum number of seating places the vehicle is designed to carry;
3.3.1.1.2. The maximum number of standing places, if any, the vehicle is designed to carry;
3.3.1.1.3. The maximum number of wheelchairs which the vehicle is designed to carry, if any.
3.3.1.2. In letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than 12mm high,
with:
3.3.1.2.1. The mass of baggage which may be carried when the vehicle is fully loaded according to
Paragraph 3.2.3. of this Annex.
3.3.1.2.2. As appropriate this shall include the mass of baggage:
3.3.1.2.2.1. In baggage compartments (Mass B, Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1. above);
3.3.1.2.2.2. on the roof if equipped for the carriage of baggage (Mass BX, Paragraph 3.2.3.2.1.
above).
3.3.2. Space shall be provided adjacent to the above markings allowing the vehicle to be
marked, in letters or pictograms not less than 10mm high and numbers not less than
12mm high, with the mass of baggage B and BX which may be carried when the vehicle
is loaded with the maximum number of passengers and crew and the vehicle is not
exceeding the maximum laden mass, or the maximum mass of any axle or group of
axles at which the vehicle can be put into service in the Contracting Party where it is to
be registered. Contracting Parties that require the marking of this mass shall, in
agreement with the manufacturer, determine the mass of baggage to be marked and
take the necessary measures to ensure that vehicles are so marked prior to their
registration.
3.4. Manoeuvrability
3.4.1. Any vehicle shall be able to manoeuvre on either side for a complete circular trajectory of
360° inside an area defined by two concentric circles, the outer circle having a radius of
12.50m and the inner circle having a radius of 5.30m, without any of the vehicle's
outermost points (with the exception of the protruding parts excluded from the
measurement of the vehicle width) projecting outside the circumferences of the circles.
For vehicles with axle-lift devices, this requirement also applies with the retractable
axle(s) in the lifted position or loadable axle(s) in the unladen condition.
3.4.1.1. The requirements of Paragraph 3.4.1. above shall be verified with the outermost front
point of the vehicle guided along the contour of the outer circle (see Figure A).

R = 12.5m
r = 5.3m
U = maximum 0.6m
Figure C
3.4.3.
3.4.4.
The requirements
of Paragraphs 3.4.1. and 3.4.2. above may also be verified, at the
request of the manufacturer,
with an appropriate equivalent calculation or geometric
demonstration.
In the
case of incomplete i
vehicles, the manufacturer shall declare the maximum
permissible dimensions for which the vehicle is to be checked against the requirements
of Paragraphs 3.4.1. and 3.4.2. above.

2. POWER COLLECTION
2.1. Electrical power shall be obtained from the contact wires by means of one or more power
collection devices, normally comprising two trolley booms. (A single trolley boom or a
pantograph may be used in guided applications). A trolley boom shall consist of a roof
mounting (trolley base), a pole, an electrical power collector (trolley head) and a
replaceable contact surface insert. Trolley booms shall be mounted so that they can turn
in both horizontal and vertical directions.
2.2. Poles shall be made of an insulated material or of metal covered with insulating material
and shall be resistant to mechanical shocks.
2.3. Power collectors shall be designed to maintain adequate positive contact with the
contact wires when the wires are located at between 4 and 6m above the ground and, in
the case of trolley booms, to allow the longitudinal axis of the trolleybus to deviate at
least 4.0m to either side of the mean axis of the contact wires.
2.4. If the power collector becomes accidentally detached from the contact wire (dewired),
the upper end of the power collector(s) shall not be raised higher than 7.2m above the
road, or 1m maximum above the contact wires at the time of de-wiring, nor lower than
0.5m above the roof of the trolleybus.
2.5. Each trolley boom shall be equipped with a device which retracts the boom automatically
if the pole unwires.
2.6. The trolley head, if dismounted from its normal position on the pole, shall be remain
attached to the pole and shall not fall down.
2.7. The insulation resistance between the electric power collector and the roof
mounting/trolley base shall be at least 10МΩ:
2.8. Power collectors may be equipped with remote control from the driver's compartment, at
least for retraction.
2.9. Provision shall be made to enable the driver to replace, if necessary, contact surface
inserts while the vehicle is in operation on the road.
3. TRACTION AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT
3.1. Electrical components installed on the trolleybus shall be protected against over-voltage
and short-circuit current. The protection shall preferably be assured by circuit breakers
that are reset automatically, remotely or manually.
3.2. Electrical components shall be protected against commutation or atmospheric
over-voltage.
3.3. Circuit breakers shall provide interruption of particular damaged circuits.
3.4. If any circuit includes a single-pole circuit breaker, it shall be installed in the positive wire
of the circuit.
3.5. All electrical circuits and circuit branches shall be of dual wiring. The trolleybus body can
be used for current earth return only for low voltage circuits.

3.10.12. All electrical circuits shall undergo an excess voltage test. The test voltage shall be
AC with a frequency of 50Hz and approximately sinusoidal form. The time of application
of the test voltage shall be 1min.
3.10.12.1. The test voltage U for electrical equipment and wiring for high voltage circuits shall be:
where U is the rated line voltage
U = 2.5 U + 2,000V AC,
3.10.12.2. The test voltage for low voltage circuits shall be U = 750V AC.
3.11. Electrical machines, apparatus, devices and wiring shall withstand mechanical loads,
applied to mounting points, as follows:
3.11.1. Sine-wave form vibration of 0.5 - 55Hz frequency and 10m/s maximum amplitude
including resonance if produced;
3.11.2. Vertical discrete shocks of 30m/s peak shock acceleration lasting 2 - 20ms.
4. ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF PASSENGERS AND CREW
4.1. At the rated climate conditions, with the trolleybus dry and clean and connected to both
positive and negative power supply via the power collection devices, the earth leakage
current from the body shall not be higher than 0.2mA.
4.2. The trolleybus shall be equipped with an onboard device for permanent monitoring of
leakage current or voltage between the chassis and the road surface. The device shall
disconnect the high voltage circuits from the contact system if the leakage current
exceeds 3mA at a line voltage of 600V DC, or if the leakage voltage exceeds 40V.
4.3. Stanchions and handrails at doorways shall be made of insulating material or covered
with mechanically durable insulation or insulated from the trolleybus body. The insulation
resistance shall at least be 1.0MΩ over a contact area of 10,000 ± 500mm .
4.4. The first steps shall be made of insulating material or covered with mechanically durable
insulation. The insulation resistance shall at least be 1.0MΩ over a contact area of
30,000 ± 500mm .
4.5. Door panels shall be made of insulating material or insulated from the trolleybus body.
The insulation resistance shall be at least 1.0MΩ over a contact area on the panel of
30,000 ± 500mm .
4.6. The external body panels adjacent to the door apertures shall be covered with insulating
material. The insulated area shall extend in width at least 500mm each side of the door
apertures and in height at least 2,000mm from the roadway. The insulation resistance in
respect to the trolleybus body shall not be less than 1.0MΩ over a contact area of
20,000 ± 500mm .
4.7. If the trolleybus is equipped with double-insulated converters, Paragraphs 4.3 to 4.6.
above need not be applied.

General Construction of M2 or M3 Vehicles