Regulation No. 116-00

Name:Regulation No. 116-00
Description:Anti-theft Protection (Unauthorised Use and Alarm Systems).
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Protection of Motor Vehicles Against Unauthorised Use.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2005-04-06
Amendment Level:00 Series, Supplement 5
Number of Pages:64
Vehicle Types:Bus, Car, Component, Heavy Truck, Light Truck
Subject Categories:Anti-theft
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Keywords:

vehicle, approval, regulation, device, alarm, type, paragraph, vas, part, system, test, immobilizer, prevent, unauthorized, technical, means, annex, manufacturer, signal, case, installation, requirements, devices, conditions, vehicles, tests, audible, operation, separate, information, key, set, fitted, unit, steering, number, warning, components, ece, approved, original, compartment, control, designed, component, setting, maximum, mark, passenger, optical

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev.2/Add.115/Amend.5
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
July 11, 2016
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 116-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE
PROTECTION OF MOTOR VEHICLES AGAINST UNAUTHORIZED USE
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 06.04.05
Corr. 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 21.12.05
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.10.06
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.10.08
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.10.08
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.11
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.07.13
Supplement 5 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16

REGULATION NO. 116-00
UNIFORM TECHNICAL PRESCRIPTIONS CONCERNING THE PROTECTION
OF MOTOR VEHICLES AGAINST UNAUTHORIZED USE
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions: General
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
CONTENTS
5.
PART I:
APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE OF CATEGORY M AND N WITH REGARD TO ITS
DEVICE TO PREVENT UNAUTHORIZED USE
5.1.
Definitions
5.2.
General specifications
5.3.
Particular specifications
5.4.
Electromechanical and electronic devices to prevent unauthorized use
6.
PART II:
APPROVAL OF VEHICLE ALARM SYSTEMS
6.1.
Definitions
6.2.
General specifications
6.3.
Particular specifications
6.4.
Operation parameters and test conditions
6.5.
Instructions
7.
PART III:
APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE WITH REGARD TO ITS ALARM SYSTEM
7.1.
Definitions
7.2.
General specifications
7.3.
Particular specifications
7.4.
Test conditions
7.5.
Instructions
8.
PART IV:
APPROVAL OF IMMOBILIZERS AND APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE WITH REGARD
TO ITS IMMOBILIZER
8.1.
Definitions
8.2.
General specifications
8.3.
Particular specifications
8.4.
Operation parameters and test conditions
8.5.
Instructions
9. Modification of the type and extension of approval
10. Conformity of production procedures
11. Penalties for non-conformity of production
12. Production definitely discontinued

REGULATION NO. 116-00
1. SCOPE
This Regulation applies to:
1.1.
PART I − Approval of a vehicle of Category M and N
with regard to its devices to
prevent unauthorized use.
1.2. PART II − Approval of vehicle alarm systems (VAS) which are intended to be permanently
fitted to vehicles of Category M and those of Category N with a maximum mass of not
more than 2t .
1.3. PART III − Approval of vehicles of Category M and those of Category N with a maximum
mass of not more than 2t, with regard to their alarm system(s) .
1.4. PART IV − Approval of immobilizers and vehicles of Category M and vehicles of
Category N with a maximum mass of not more than 2t with regard to immobilizers .
1.5. The fitting of devices specified under Part I to vehicles of other Categories is optional but
any such device fitted is required to comply with all relevant provisions of this Regulation.
1.6. The fitting of devices specified under Parts III and IV to vehicles of other Categories, or to
N Category vehicles with a maximum mass exceeding 2t, is optional but any such device
fitted is required to comply with all relevant provisions of this Regulation.
1.7. At the request of the manufacturer, Contracting Parties may grant approvals under Parts I
to IV to vehicles of other Categories and devices for fitment to such vehicles.
1.8. At the time of application of this Regulation, Contracting Parties shall declare which parts
of the Regulation they intend to mandate in their territory for each Category of vehicles .
2. DEFINITIONS: GENERAL
2.1. "Component" means a device subject to the requirements of this regulation and intended
to be part of a vehicle, which may be type-approved independently of a vehicle where this
regulation makes express provisions for so doing;
2.2. "Separate technical unit" means a device subject to the requirements of this regulation
and intended to be part of a vehicle, which may be type-approved separately, but only in
relation to one or more specified types of vehicle where this regulation makes express
provisions for so doing;
2.3. "Manufacturer" means the person or body who is responsible to the approval authority
for all aspects of the type approval process and for ensuring conformity of production. It is
not essential that the person or body is directly involved in all stage of the construction of
the vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit which is the subject of the
approval process.

4.4.3. An additional symbol:
4.4.3.1. "A" in the case of an alarm system (Part II);
4.4.3.2. "I" in the case of an immobilizer (Part IV);
4.4.3.3. "AI" in the case of a combination of an alarm system and an immobilizer;
4.4.3.4. "L" in the case of a vehicle approval as regards its devices to prevent unauthorized use
(Part I);
4.4.3.5. "LA" in the case of a vehicle approval as regards its devices to prevent unauthorized use
(Part I) combined with an alarm system;
4.4.3.6. "LI" in the case of a vehicle approval as regards its devices to prevent unauthorized use
(Part I) combined with an immobilizer;
4.4.3.7. "LAI" in the case of a vehicle approval as regards its devices to prevent unauthorized use
(Part I) combined with an alarm system and an immobilizer.
4.5. If a type conforms to a type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to
the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the
symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a case, the
Regulation under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted
approval under this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the
symbol prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. In the case of a vehicle, the approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data
plate affixed by the manufacturer.
4.8. In the case of a component approved separately as an alarm system or immobilizer or
both, the approval mark shall be affixed by the manufacturer to the major element(s) of the
device.
4.9. Annex 3 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
4.10. As an alternative to the approval mark described in Paragraph 4.4. above, a certificate of
conformity shall be issued for every VAS and immobilizer offered for sale.
Where a VAS and/or immobilizer manufacturer supplies an unmarked VAS and/or
immobilizer approved to this Regulation to a vehicle manufacturer, for fitment by that
manufacturer as original equipment for a vehicle model or range of vehicle models, the
VAS and/or immobilizer manufacturer shall supply a number of copies of the certificate of
conformity to the vehicle manufacturer, sufficient for that manufacturer to obtain the
vehicle approval to Part III and/or Part IV, as appropriate, of this Regulation.
If the VAS or immobilizer is made up of separate components, its main component(s) shall
bear a reference mark and the certificate of conformity shall provide a list of such
reference marks.
A model of the certificate of conformity is given in Annex 6 to this Regulation.

5.2. General Specifications
5.2.1. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be so designed that it is necessary to put it
out of action in order to enable:
5.2.1.1. The engine to be started by means of the normal control, and
5.2.1.2. The vehicle to be steered, driven or moved forward under its own power.
5.2.1.3. The requirement of Paragraph 5.2.1. can be achieved at the same time as or before to the
actions described at Paragraphs 5.2.1.1. and 5.2.1.2.
5.2.2. The requirements of Paragraph 5.2.1. shall be met by the application of a single key.
5.2.3. Except in the case provided for in Paragraph 5.3.1.5., a system operated with a key
inserted in a lock shall not permit removal of the key before the device referred to in
Paragraph 5.2.1. has come into action or has been set to act.
5.2.4. The device to prevent unauthorized use referred to in Paragraph 5.2.1. above, and the
vehicle components on which it operates, shall be so designed that it cannot rapidly and
without attracting attention be opened, rendered ineffective or destroyed by, for example,
the use of low-cost, easily concealed tools, equipment or fabrications readily available to
the public at large.
5.2.5. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be fitted to the vehicle as an item of original
equipment (i.e. equipment installed by the vehicle manufacturer prior to first retail sale). It
shall be fitted in such a way that even after removal of its housing it cannot, when in the
blocked condition, be dismantled otherwise than with special tools. If it is possible to
render the device to prevent unauthorized use ineffective by the removal of screws, those
screws shall, unless they are of the non-removable type, be covered by parts of the
blocked protective device.
5.2.6. Mechanical locking systems shall provide at least 1,000 different key combinations or a
number equal to the total number of vehicles manufactured annually if less than 1,000. In
vehicles of one type the frequency of occurrence of each combination shall be roughly one
per 1,000.
5.2.7. Electrical/electronic locking systems, e.g. remote control, shall have at least
50,000 variants and shall incorporate a rolling code and/or have a minimum scan time of
ten days, e.g. a maximum of 5,000 variants per 24h for 50,000 variants minimum.
5.2.8. Regarding the nature of the device to prevent the unauthorized use, Paragraph 5.2.6. or
5.2.7., shall be applied.
5.2.9. The key and lock shall not be visibly coded.
5.2.10. The lock shall be so designed, constructed and fitted that turning of the lock cylinder, when
in the locked position, with a torque of less than 2.45Nm is not possible with any key other
than the mating key, and
5.2.10.1. For lock cylinders with pin tumblers no more than two identical tumblers operating in the
same direction shall be positioned adjacent to each other, and in a lock there shall not be
more than 60% identical tumblers;

5.3.1.3. The device to prevent unauthorized use must continue to meet the requirements of
Paragraphs 5.2.11., 5.3.1.1., 5.3.1.2. and 5.3.1.4. after it has undergone 2,500 locking
cycles in each direction of the wear producing test specified in Part 1 of Annex 4 to this
Regulation.
5.3.1.4. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall, in its activated position, satisfy one of the
following criteria:
5.3.1.4.1. It shall be strong enough to withstand, without damage to the steering mechanism likely to
compromise safety, the application of a torque of 300Nm about the axis of the steering
spindle in both directions under static conditions.
5.3.1.4.2. It shall incorporate a mechanism designed to yield or slip, such that the system will
withstand, either continuously or intermittently, the application of a torque of at least
100Nm. The locking system must still withstand the application of this torque after the test
specified in Part 2 of Annex 4 to this Regulation.
5.3.1.4.3. It shall incorporate a mechanism designed to permit the steering wheel to rotate freely on
the blocked steering spindle. The blocking mechanism shall be strong enough to withstand
the application of a torque of 200Nm about the axis of the steering spindle in both
directions under static conditions.
5.3.1.5. If the device to prevent unauthorized use is such that the key can be removed in a position
other than the position in which the steering is inoperative, it shall be so designed that the
manoeuvre required to reach that position and remove the key cannot be effected
inadvertently.
5.3.1.6. If a component fails such that the torque requirements specified in Paragraphs 5.3.1.4.1.,
5.3.1.4.2. and 5.3.1.4.3. cannot be easily applied, yet the steering system remains
blocked, the system shall satisfy the requirements.
5.3.2. Devices to Prevent Unauthorized Use by Acting on the Transmission or on Brakes
5.3.2.1. A device to prevent unauthorized use acting on the transmission shall prevent the rotation
of the vehicle's driving wheels.
5.3.2.2. A device to prevent unauthorized use by acting on brakes shall brake at least one wheel
on each side of at least one axle.
5.3.2.3. When the device to prevent unauthorized use is set to act, it shall not be possible to
prevent the device from functioning.
5.3.2.4. It shall not be possible for the transmission to be blocked inadvertently when the key is in
the lock of the device to prevent unauthorized use, even if the device preventing starting of
the engine has come into action or been set to act. This does not apply wherever the
requirements of Paragraph 5.3.2 of this Regulation are met by devices used for another
purpose in addition and the lock under the conditions above is necessary for this additional
function (e.g. electrical parking brake).
5.3.2.5. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be so designed and constructed that it
remains fully effective even after some degree of wear as a result of 2,500 locking cycles
in each direction. In the case of protective device acting on brakes, each mechanical or
electrical sub-part of the device is concerned.

6. PART II: APPROVAL OF VEHICLE ALARM SYSTEMS
6.1. Definitions
For the purpose of Part II of this Regulation,
6.1.2. "Vehicle alarm system" (VAS) means a system intended for installation on (a) type(s) of
vehicle(s), designed to indicate intrusion into or interference with the vehicle; these
systems may provide additional protection against unauthorized use of the vehicle.
6.1.3. "Sensor" means a device which senses a change which could be caused by intrusion into
or interference with a vehicle.
6.1.4. "Warning device" means a device indicating that intrusion into or interference has
occurred.
6.1.5. "Control equipment" means equipment necessary for the setting, unsetting and testing
of a VAS and for sending an alarm condition to warning devices.
6.1.6. "Set" means the state of a VAS in which an alarm condition can be transmitted to warning
devices.
6.1.7. "Unset" means the state of a VAS in which an alarm condition cannot be transmitted to
warning devices.
6.1.8. "Key" means any device designed and constructed to provide a method of operating a
locking system which is designed and constructed to be operated only by that device.
6.1.9. "Type of vehicle alarm system" means systems which do not differ significantly in such
essential aspects as:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
The manufacturer's trade name or mark,
The kind of sensor,
The kind of warning device,
The kind of control equipment.
6.1.10. "Approval of a vehicle alarm system" means the approval of a type of VAS with respect
to the requirements laid down in Paragraphs 6.2., 6.3. and 6.4. below.
6.1.11. "Immobilizer" means a device which is intended to prevent the vehicle being driven away
powered by its own engine.
6.1.12. "Panic alarm" means a device which enables a person to use an alarm, installed on the
vehicle, to summon assistance in an emergency.

6.3. Particular Specifications
6.3.1. Protection Range
6.3.1.1. Specific Requirements
The VAS shall at least detect and signal the opening of any vehicle door, engine bonnet
and luggage compartment. The failure or switching off of light sources, e.g. passenger
compartment light, shall not impair the control operation.
Additional efficient sensors for information/display, e.g:
(i)
(ii)
Of intrusions into the vehicle, e.g. passenger compartment control, window glass
control, breakage of any glazed area, or
Of attempted vehicle theft, e.g. inclination sensor
Are allowed, taking account of measures to prevent any unnecessary sounding of the
alarm (= false alarm, see Paragraph 6.3.1.2. below).
Insofar as these additional sensors generate an alarm signal even after an intrusion has
occurred (e.g. by breakage of a glazed area) or under external influences (e.g. wind), the
alarm signal, activated by one of the above-mentioned sensors, shall be activated not
more than 10 times within the same activation period of the VAS.
In this case the activation period shall be limited by the authorized unsetting of the system
as a result of the vehicle user's action.
Some kinds of additional sensors, e.g. passenger compartment control (ultrasonic,
infrared) or inclination sensor, etc., may be intentionally deactivated. In this case, separate
deliberate action must be taken each time before the VAS is set. It must not be possible to
deactivate the sensors while the alarm system is in a set state.
6.3.1.2. Safety against false alarm
6.3.1.2.1. By adequate measures, e.g.
(i)
(ii)
Mechanical design and design of the electrical circuit according to conditions
specific to motor vehicles,
Selection and application of operation and control principles for the alarm system
and components thereof,
It shall be ensured that the VAS both in set and unset conditions, cannot cause the alarm
signal to sound unnecessarily, in the event of:
(a) An impact on the vehicle: test specified in Paragraph 6.4.2.13.,
(b) Electromagnetic compatibility: tests specified in Paragraph 6.4.2.12.,
(c)
Reduction of battery voltage by continuous discharge: test specified in
Paragraph 6.4.2.14.,
(d) False alarm of the passenger compartment control: test specified in
Paragraph 6.4.2.15.

6.3.2.3.3. Sound level
The sound source shall be:
(i)
Either an audible warning device approved under ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I
(ii) Or a device meeting the requirements of ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I,
Paragraphs 6.1. and 6.2.
However, in the case of a different sound source from the original equipment audible
warning device, the minimum sound level may be reduced to 100 dB(A), measured under
the conditions of ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I.
6.3.3. Optical Alarm - if fitted
6.3.3.1. General
In the event of intrusion into or interference with the vehicle, the device shall activate an
optical signal as specified in Paragraphs 6.3.3.2. and 6.3.3.3. below.
6.3.3.2. Duration of the Optical Signal
The optical signal shall have a duration between 25s and 5min after the alarm has been
activated. The unsetting of the alarm system shall immediately stop the signal.
6.3.3.3. Type of Optical Signal
Flashing of all direction indicators and/or passenger compartment light of the vehicle,
including all lamps in the same electrical circuit.
Trigger frequency ................................................................................................... (2 ± 1)Hz
In relation to the audible signal, also asynchronous signals are allowed.
On time = off time ±10%
6.3.4. Radio Alarm (pager) - if fitted
The VAS may include a facility generating an alarm signal by radio transmission.
6.3.5. Alarm System Setting Lock
6.3.5.1. When the engine is in its running mode, deliberate or inadvertent setting of the alarm
system shall be impossible.
6.3.6. Setting and Unsetting of the VAS
6.3.6.1. Setting
Any suitable means of setting of the VAS is allowed, provided that such means does not
inadvertently cause false alarms.

6.3.10. Power Supply
The source of power for the VAS may be the vehicle battery. Where provided, an
additional battery shall be rechargeable and it shall by no means supply energy to the
other parts of the vehicle electrical system. (Original Version)
6.3.11. Specifications for Optional Functions
6.3.11.1. Self Check, Automatic Failure Indication
6.3.11.2. Panic Alarm
On setting the VAS, irregular situations, e.g. open doors, etc., can be detected by a
self-check function (plausibility control), and this situation is indicated.
An optical and/or audible and/or radio alarm is allowed independent of the state (set or
unset) and/or function of the VAS. Such an alarm shall be triggered from within the vehicle
and shall not affect the state (set or unset) of the VAS. Also it must be possible for the
vehicle user to switch off the panic alarm. In the case of an audible alarm, its sounding
duration per activation shall not be restricted. A panic alarm shall not immobilize the
engine or stop it if it is running.
6.4. Operation Parameters and Test Conditions
6.4.1. Operation Parameters
All components of the VAS shall operate without any failure under the following conditions.
6.4.1.1. Climatic Conditions
Two classes of environmental temperature are defined as follows:
(a)
(b)
-40° C to +85° C for parts to be fitted in the passenger or luggage compartment,
-40° C to +125° C for parts to be fitted in the engine compartment unless otherwise
specified.
6.4.1.2. Degree of Protection for Installation
The following degrees of protection in accordance with IEC Publication 529-1989 shall be
provided:
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
IP 40 for parts to be fitted in the passenger compartment,
IP 42 for parts to be fitted in the passenger compartment of roadsters/convertibles
and cars with moveable roof-panels if the installation location requires a higher
degree of protection than IP 40,
IP 54 for all other parts.
The VAS manufacturer shall specify in the installation instructions any restrictions on the
positioning of any part of the installation with respect to dust, water and temperature.

6.4.2.2.1. Test temperature .............................................................................................. T (-40 ± 2)°C
Test voltage .................................................................................................... U = (9 ± 0.2)V
Storage duration ................................................................................................................ 4h
6.4.2.2.2. For parts to be fitted in the passenger or luggage compartment:
Test temperature .......................................................................................... T = (+85 ± 2)°C
Test voltage .................................................................................................. U = (15 ± 0.2)V
Storage duration ................................................................................................................ 4h
6.4.2.2.3. For parts to be fitted in the engine compartment unless otherwise specified:
Test temperature ........................................................................................ T = (+125 ± 2)°C
Test voltage .................................................................................................. U = (15 ± 0.2)V
Storage duration ................................................................................................................ 4h
6.4.2.2.4. The VAS, in both set and unset state, shall be submitted to an excess voltage equal to
(18 ± 0.2)V for 1h.
6.4.2.2.5. The VAS, in both set and unset state, shall be submitted to an excess voltage equal to
(24 ± 0.2)V for 1min.
6.4.2.3. Safe operation after foreign body and water-tightness testing
After the test for tightness to foreign body and water according to IEC 529-1989, for
degrees of protection as in Paragraph 6.4.1.2., the operation tests according to
Paragraph 6.4.2.1. shall be repeated.
With the agreement of the Technical Service this requirement need not apply in the
following circumstances:
(a)
Type Approval of a VAS which is to be type approved as a separate technical unit
In this case, the manufacturer of the VAS shall:
(i)
(ii)
Specify in item 4.5. of the information document (Annex 1, Part 2), that the
requirement of this Paragraph was not applied to the VAS (in accordance with
Paragraph 7. of this Regulation), and
Specify in Item 4.1. of the information document, the list of vehicles to which
the VAS is intended to be fitted and the relevant installation conditions in
Item 4.2.
(b)
Type approval of a vehicle in respect of an AS
In this case, the manufacturer shall specify in Item 3.1.3.1.1. of the information
document (Annex 1, Part 1), that the requirement of this Paragraph does not apply
to the AS due to the nature of installation conditions and the vehicle manufacturer
shall prove it by submitting related documents.

(b)
Type approval of a vehicle in respect of an AS
In this case, the manufacturer shall specify in Item 3.1.3.1.1. of the information
document (Annex 1, Part 1), that the requirement of this Paragraph does not apply
to the AS due to the nature of installation conditions and the vehicle manufacturer
shall prove it by submitting related documents.
(c)
Type approval of a vehicle in respect of the installation of a VAS which is type
approved as a separate technical unit
In this case, the vehicle manufacturer shall specify in Item 3.1.3.1.1. of the
information document (Annex 1, Part 1), that the requirement of this Paragraph
does not apply to the installation of the VAS where the relevant installation
conditions are met.
This requirement does not apply in cases where the information required in
Item 3.1.3.1.1. of Annex 1, Part 1 has already been submitted for the approval of a
separate technical unit.
6.4.2.8. Safe Operation after Vibration Test
6.4.2.8.1. For this test, the components are subdivided into two types:
Type 1: components normally mounted on the vehicle,
Type 2: components intended for attachment to the engine.
6.4.2.8.2. The components/VAS shall be submitted to a sinusoidal vibration mode whose
characteristics are as follows:
6.4.2.8.2.1. For Type 1
6.4.2.8.2.2. For Type 2
The frequency shall be variable from 10Hz to 500Hz with a maximum amplitude of ±5mm
and maximum acceleration of 3g (0-peak).
The frequency shall be variable from 20Hz to 300Hz with a maximum amplitude of ±2mm
and maximum acceleration of 15g (0-peak).
6.4.2.8.2.3. For both Type 1 and Type 2
The frequency variation is 1 octave/min.
The number of cycle is 10, the test shall be performed along each of the 3 axes.
The vibrations are applied at low frequencies at a maximum constant amplitude and at a
maximum constant acceleration at high frequencies.
6.4.2.8.3. During the test the VAS shall be electrically connected and the cable shall be supported
after 200mm.

6.4.2.15. Test for safety against false alarm of the passenger compartment control
6.5. Instructions
Systems intended for the protection of the passenger compartment according to
Paragraph 6.3.1.1. above shall be tested together with a vehicle under normal conditions
(Paragraph 6.4.2.1.2.).
The system, installed according to the manufacturer's instructions, shall not be triggered
when subjected 5 times to the test described in Paragraph 6.4.2.13. above at intervals of
0.5s.
The presence of a person touching or moving around the outside of the vehicle (windows
closed) shall not cause any false alarm.
Each VAS shall be accompanied by:
6.5.1. Instructions for installation:
6.5.1.1. The list of vehicles and vehicle models for which the device is intended. This list may be
specific or generic, e.g. "all cars with petrol engines and 12V negative earth batteries".
6.5.1.2. The method of installation illustrated by photographs and/or very clear drawings.
6.5.1.3. In the case of VAS which includes an immobilizer, additional instructions regarding
compliance with the requirements of Part IV of this Regulation.
6.5.2. A blank installation certificate, an example of which is given in Annex 7.
6.5.3. A general statement to the VAS purchaser calling his attention to the following points:
The VAS should be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions;
The selection of a good installer is recommended (the VAS manufacturer may be
contacted to indicate appropriate installers);
The installation certificate supplied with the VAS should be completed by the installer.
6.5.4. Instruction for Use
6.5.5. Instruction for Maintenance
6.5.6. A general warning regarding the danger of making any alterations or additions to the
system; such alterations or additions would automatically invalidate the certificate of
installation referred to in Paragraph 6.5.2. above.
6.5.7. Indication of the location(s) of the international approval mark mentioned in Paragraph 4.4.
of this Regulation and/or the international certificate of conformity mentioned in
Paragraph 4.10. of this Regulation.

7.2.5. Failure of the AS, or failure of its electrical supply shall not affect the safe operation of the
vehicle.
7.2.6. The alarm system, its components and the parts controlled by them shall be so installed
as to minimize the risk for anyone to make them inoperable or to destroy them rapidly and
without calling attention, e.g. using low-cost, easily-concealed tools, equipment or
fabrications readily available to the public at large.
7.2.7. The system shall be so arranged that the shorting out of any warning signal circuit shall
not render inoperative any aspects of the alarm system, other than the circuit which is
shorted out.
7.3. Particular Specifications
7.3.1. Protection Range
7.3.1.1. Specific Requirements
The AS shall at least detect and signal the opening of any vehicle door, engine bonnet and
luggage compartment. The failure or switching off of light sources, e.g. passenger
compartment light, shall not impair the control operation.
The installation of additional efficient sensors for information/display, e.g.:
(i)
(ii)
Of intrusion into the vehicle, e.g. passenger compartment control, window glass
control breakage of any glazed area, or
Of attempted vehicle theft, e.g. inclination sensor
Are allowed, taking account of measures to prevent any unnecessary sounding of the
alarm (= false alarm, see Paragraph 7.3.1.2. below).
Insofar as these additional sensors generate an alarm signal even after an intrusion has
occurred (e.g. by breakage of a glazed area) or under external influences (e.g. wind), the
alarm signal, activated by one of the above-mentioned sensors, shall be activated not
more than 10 times within the same activation period of the AS.
In this case the activation period shall be limited by the authorized unsetting of the system
as a result of the vehicle user's action.
Some kinds of additional sensors, e.g. passenger compartment control (ultrasonic,
infrared) or inclination sensor, etc., may be intentionally deactivated. In this case, separate
deliberate action must be taken each time before the AS is set. It must not be possible to
deactivate the sensors while the alarm system is in a set state.

7.3.2.3. Specifications Concerning the Audible Signal
7.3.2.3.1. Constant tone signal device (constant frequency spectrum), e.g. horns: acoustical, etc.,
data according to ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I.
Intermittent signal (on/off):
Trigger frequency ................................................................................................... (2 ± 1)Hz
On time = off time ±10%
7.3.2.3.2. Audible signal device with frequency modulation: acoustical, etc., data according to
ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I but equal passage of a significant frequency range within
the above-mentioned range (1,800 through 3,550Hz) in both directions.
7.3.2.3.3. Sound Level
Passage frequency ................................................................................................. (2 ± 1)Hz
The sound level shall be:
(i)
Either an audible warning device approved under ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I
(ii) Or a device meeting the requirements of ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I,
Paragraph 6.1. and 6.2.
However, in the case of a different sound source from the original equipment audible
warning device, the minimum sound level may be reduced to 100 dB(A), measured under
the conditions of ECE Regulation No. 28, Part I.
7.3.3. Optical Alarm - if fitted
7.3.3.1. General
In the event of intrusion into or interference with the vehicle the device shall activate an
optical signal as specified in Paragraphs 7.3.3.2. and 7.3.3.3. below.
7.3.3.2. Duration of the Optical Signal
The optical signal shall have a duration between 25s and 5min after the alarm has been
activated. The unsetting of the alarm system shall immediately stop the signal.
7.3.3.3. Type of Optical Signal
Flashing of all direction indicators and/or passenger compartment light of the vehicle,
including all lamps in the same electrical circuit.
Trigger frequency ................................................................................................... (2 ± 1)Hz
In relation to the audible signal, also asynchronous signals are allowed.
On time = off time ±10%

7.3.9. Status Display
7.3.9.1. To provide information on the status of the AS (set, unset, alarm setting period, alarm has
been activated), the installation of optical displays inside and outside signals outside the
passenger compartment is allowed. Any optical signal or any use of lighting and
light-signalling devices outside the passenger compartment shall fulfil the requirements of
Regulation No. 48.
7.3.9.2. If an indication of short-term "dynamic" processes such as changes from "set" to "unset"
and vice versa is provided, it shall be optical according to Paragraph 7.3.10.1. Such optical
indication may also be produced by the simultaneous operation of the direction indicators
and/or passenger compartment lamp(s), provided that the duration of the optical indication
by the direction indicators does not exceed 3s.
7.3.10. Power Supply
The source of power for the AS may be the vehicle battery or a rechargeable battery.
Where provided, an additional rechargeable or non-rechargeable battery may be used.
These batteries shall by no means supply energy to the other parts of the vehicle electrical
system.
7.3.10. Power Supply
The source of power for the AS may be the vehicle battery. Where provided, an additional
battery shall be rechargeable and it shall by no means supply energy to the other parts of
the vehicle electrical system. (Original Version)
7.3.11. Specifications for Optional Functions
7.3.11.1. Self check, automatic failure indication
7.3.11.2. Panic Alarm
On setting the AS, irregular situations, e.g. open doors, etc., can be detected by a
self-check function (plausibility control), and this situation is indicated.
An optical and/or audible and/or radio alarm is allowed independent of the state (set or
unset) and/or function of the AS. Such an alarm shall be triggered from within the vehicle
and shall not affect the state (set or unset) of the AS. Also it must be possible for the
vehicle user to switch off the panic alarm. In the case of an audible alarm, its sounding
duration per activation shall not be restricted. A panic alarm shall not immobilize the
engine or stop it if it is running.
7.4. Test Conditions
All components of the VAS or AS shall be tested in accordance with procedures described
in Paragraph 6.4.
This requirement does not apply to:
7.4.1. Those components that are fitted and tested as part of the vehicle, whether or not a
VAS/AS is fitted (e.g. lamps); or,
7.4.2. Those components that have previously been tested as part of the vehicle and
documentary evidence has been provided.

8.1.10. "Vehicle type with regard to its immobilizer" means vehicles which do not differ
significantly in such essential aspects as:
(a)
(b)
(c)
The manufacturer's trade name or mark,
Vehicle features which significantly influence the performances of the immobilizer,
The type and design of the immobilizer.
8.2. General Specifications
8.2.1. It must be possible to set and unset the immobilizer in accordance with these
requirements.
8.2.2. If the immobilizer includes the possibility of a radio transmission, e.g. for setting or
unsetting, it shall comply with the relevant ETSI Standards (see Footnote pertinent to
Paragraph 6.2.3.), e.g. EN 300 220-1 V1.3.1. (2000-09), EN 300 220-2 V1.3.1. (2000-09),
EN 300 220-3 V1.1.1. (2000-09) and EN 301 489-3 V1.2.1. (2000-08) (including any
advisory requirements). The frequency and maximum radiated power of radio
transmissions for the setting and unsetting of the immobilizer must comply with the
CEPT/ERC (see Footnote pertinent to Paragraph 6.2.3.) Recommendation 70-03
(February 17, 2000) relating to the use of short range devices (see Footnote pertinent to
Paragraph 6.2.3.).
8.2.3. An immobilizer and its installation shall be so designed that any equipped vehicle
continues to meet the technical requirements.
8.2.4. It shall not be possible for an immobilizer to enter the set state when the ignition key is in
the engine running mode, except when:
(a)
(b)
The vehicle is equipped or intended to be equipped for ambulance, fire brigade or
police purposes; or
The engine is required to:
(i)
(ii)
Drive machinery forming part of, or mounted on, the vehicle for purposes
other than driving the vehicle; or
Maintain the electrical power of the batteries of the vehicle at a level required
for driving that machinery or apparatus;
And the vehicle is stationary with the parking brake applied. When this exception is used,
this fact shall be stated under Item 2 of the addendum to the communication document
(Annex 2 to this Regulation).
8.2.5. It shall not be possible to permanently override an immobilizer.
8.2.6. The immobilizer shall be designed and built such that when installed it shall not adversely
affect the designed function and the safe operation of the vehicle, even in the case of
malfunction.

8.3.3. Operating Safety
It shall be ensured that the immobilizer does not change its state (set/unset) as a result of
any of the tests in Paragraph 8.4.
8.3.4. Setting of the Immobilizer
8.3.4.1. The immobilizer must be set without supplementary action from the driver by at least one
of the following means:
(a)
(b)
(b)
At rotation of the ignition key into the "0" position in the ignition lock and activation of
a door; in addition, immobilizers which unset immediately before or during the
normal starting procedure of the vehicle are permitted to set on turning the ignition
off,
A maximum of 1min after removing the key of the ignition lock.
A maximum of 5min after removing the key of the ignition lock. (Original Version)
8.3.4.2. If the immobilizer can enter the set state when the ignition key is in the engine running
mode as provided for in Paragraph 8.2.4., the immobilizer may also be set by the opening
of the driver's door and/or the authorised user carrying out a deliberate action.
8.3.5. Unsetting
8.3.5.1. Unsetting shall be achieved by using one or a combination of the following devices. Other
devices with an equivalent level of security giving equivalent performance are permitted.
8.3.5.1.1. A key pad for inputting an individually selectable code having at least 10,000 variants.
8.3.5.1.2. Electrical/electronic device, e.g. remote control, with at least 50,000 variants and shall
incorporate rolling codes and/or have a minimum scan time of ten days, e.g. a maximum
of 5,000 variants per 24h for 50,000 variants minimum.
8.3.5.1.3. If unsetting can be achieved via a remote control, the immobilizer must return to the set
condition within 5min after unsetting if no supplementary action on the starter circuit has
been undertaken.
8.3.6. Status Display
8.3.6.1. To provide information on the status of the immobilizer (set/unset, change of set to unset
and vice versa), optical displays inside and optical signals outside the passenger
compartment are allowed. Any optical signal or any use of lighting and light-signalling
devices outside the passenger compartment shall fulfil the requirements of
Regulation No. 48.
8.3.6.2. If an indication of short-term "dynamic" processes such as changes from "set" to "unset"
and vice versa is provided, it shall be optical, according to Paragraph 8.3.6.1. Such optical
indication may also be produced by the simultaneous operation of the direction indicators
and/or passenger compartment lamp(s), provided that the duration of the optical indication
by the direction indicators does not exceed 3s.

8.5.3. A general statement to the immobilizer purchaser calling his attention to the following
points:
8.5.3.1. The immobilizer should be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions;
8.5.3.2. The selection of a good installer is recommended (the immobilizer manufacturer may be
contacted to indicate appropriate installers);
8.5.3.3. The installation certificate supplied with the immobilizer should be completed by the
installer.
8.5.4. Instructions for Use
8.5.5. Instructions for Maintenance
8.5.6. A general warning regarding the dangers of making any alterations or additions to the
immobilizer; such alterations and additions would automatically invalidate the certificate of
installation referred to in Paragraph 8.5.2. above.
9. MODIFICATION OF THE TYPE AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
9.1. Every modification of a vehicle or component type with regard to this Regulation shall be
notified to the administrative department which approved the vehicle or component type.
The department may then either:
9.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect
and that in any case the component or the vehicle still complies with the requirements, or
9.1.2. Require a further report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
9.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alteration, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. above to the Contracting Parties to the
Agreement applying this Regulation.
9.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a serial number to
each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
10. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION PROCEDURES
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:
10.1. Vehicles/components under this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to conform to the
type approved by meeting the requirements of the relevant part(s) of this Regulation.
10.2. For each type of vehicle or component the tests prescribed in the relevant part(s) of this
Regulation shall be carried out on a statistically controlled and random basis, in
accordance with one of the regular quality assurance procedures.
10.3. The authority which has granted approval may at any time verify the conformity control
methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these verifications
shall be one every two years.

ANNEX 1 − PART 1
(Maximum format: A4 (210mm × 297mm))
INFORMATION DOCUMENT
in accordance with Paragraphs 5., 7. and 8. as appropriate
of Regulation No. 116 relating to ECE system type approval of a
vehicle type with regard to the devices to prevent unauthorized use
without / including an alarm system
without / including an immobilizer
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ........................................................................................
1.2. Type: .........................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : .......................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ...........................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle : ...............................................................................................................
1.5. Name and address of the manufacturer: ..................................................................................
1.6. Location of the ECE approval mark: .........................................................................................
1.7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle: .......................................................
2.2. Hand of drive: left / right .........................................................................................................
3. MISCELLANEOUS
3.1. Devices to prevent unauthorized use of the vehicle .................................................................
3.1.1. Protective device: ......................................................................................................................
3.1.1.1. A detailed description of the vehicle type with regard to the arrangement and design of the
control or of the unit on which the protective device acts: ........................................................

1. GENERAL
ANNEX 1 − PART 2
(Maximum format: A4 (210mm × 297mm))
INFORMATION DOCUMENT
in accordance with Paragraph 6. of Regulation No. 116 relating to
ECE component or separate technical unit type approval of an alarm system
Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : ............................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.5. Location of the ECE approval mark: ..............................................................................................
1.6. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE DEVICE
2.1. A detailed description of the alarm system and of the vehicle parts related to the alarm system
installed: .........................................................................................................................................
2.1.1. A list of the main components comprising the alarm system: ........................................................
2.1.2. The measures taken against false alarms: ....................................................................................
2.2. Range of protection offered by the device: ....................................................................................
2.3. Method of setting/unsetting the device: .........................................................................................
2.4. Number of effective interchangeable codes, if applicable: ............................................................
2.5. List of main components comprising the device and, if applicable, their reference marks: ...........
3. DRAWINGS
3.1. Drawings of the main components of the device (the drawings must show the intended space
for ECE type approval mark or reference mark, as applicable): ....................................................

ANNEX 1 − PART 3
(Maximum format: A4 (210mm × 297mm))
INFORMATION DOCUMENT
in accordance with Paragraph 8. of Regulation No. 116 relating to
ECE component or separate technical unit type approval of an immobilizer system
1. GENERAL
Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : ............................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.5. Location of the ECE approval mark: ..............................................................................................
1.6. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE DEVICE
2.1. A detailed technical description of the vehicle immobilizer and of the measures taken against
inadvertent activation: ....................................................................................................................
2.2. The vehicle system(s) on which the vehicle immobilizer acts: .......................................................
2.3. Method of setting/unsetting the device: .........................................................................................
2.4. Number of effective interchangeable codes, if applicable: ............................................................
2.5. List of main components comprising the device and, if applicable, their reference marks: ...........
3. DRAWINGS
3.1. Drawings of the main components of the device (the drawings must show the intended space
for ECE type approval mark): .........................................................................................................

ANNEX 2 − PART 1
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type with regard to its devices to prevent unauthorized use pursuant to Regulation No. 116
without / including an alarm system
without / including an immobilizer
Approval No. ............................................. Extension No. ..................................................
Reason for extension:
SECTION I
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle/component/ separate technical unit :
........................................................................................................................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................

ANNEX 2 − PART 2
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of component or separate technical unit as an alarm system pursuant to Regulation No. 116
approval
Approval No. ............................................. Extension No. ..................................................
Reason for extension:
SECTION I
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : ............................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.5. Location of the ECE approval mark: ..............................................................................................
1.6. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................

ANNEX 2 − PART 3
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of component or separate technical unit as an immobilizer system pursuant to
Regulation No. 116 approval
Approval No. ............................................. Extension No. ..................................................
Reason for extension:
SECTION I
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : ............................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.5. Location of the ECE approval mark: ..............................................................................................
1.6. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................

ANNEX 3
ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Model A
(see Paragraph 4.4. of this Regulation)
Figure 1
(see Paragraph 4.4.3.4. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark Figure 1 affixed to a vehicle shows that the type concerned was approved in
the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part I of Regulation No. 116 under approval No. 001234. The first two
digits (00) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of Regulation No. 116 in its original form.
Figure 2
(see Paragraph 4.4.3.1. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark Figure 2 affixed to a VAS shows that the type concerned was approved in the
Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part II of Regulation No. 116 under approval number 001234. The first two
digits (00) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of Regulation No. 116 in its original form.

Figure 5
(see Paragraph 4.4.3.6. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark Figure 5 affixed to a vehicle shows that the type concerned was approved in
the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part I and IV of Regulation No. 116 under approval mark 001234. The
first two digits (00) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of Regulation No. 116 in its original form.
Figure 6
(see Paragraph 4.4.3.7. of this Regulation)
a = 8mm min
The above approval mark Figure 6 affixed to a vehicle shows that the type concerned was approved in
the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part I, II and IV of Regulation No. 116 under approval No. 001234. The
first two digits (00) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of Regulation No. 116 in its original form.

1. TEST EQUIPMENT
ANNEX 4 − PART I
WEAR PRODUCING TEST PROCEDURE FOR DEVICES TO PREVENT
UNAUTHORIZED USE ACTING ON THE STEERING
The test equipment shall consist of:
1.1. A fixture suitable for mounting the sample steering complete with the device to prevent
unauthorized use attached, as defined in Paragraph 5.1.2. of this Regulation.
1.2. A means for activating and deactivating the device to prevent unauthorized use which shall
include the use of the key.
1.3. A means for rotating the steering shaft relative to the device to prevent unauthorized use.
2. TEST METHOD
2.1. A sample of the steering complete with the device to prevent unauthorized use is attached to
the fixture referred to in Paragraph 1.1. above.
2.2. One cycle of the test procedure shall consist of the following operations:
2.2.1. Start position. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be deactivated and the steering
shaft shall be rotated to a position which prevents engagement of the device to prevent
unauthorized use, unless it is of the type which permits locking in any position of the steering.
2.2.2. Set to activate. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be moved from the deactivated
to the activated position, using the key.
2.2.3.
Activated. The steering spindle shall be rotated such that the torque on it, at the instant of
engagement of the device to prevent unauthorized use, shall be 40Nm ± 2Nm.
2.2.4. Deactivated. The device to prevent unauthorized use shall be deactivated by the normal
means, the torque being reduced to zero to facilitate disengagement.
2.2.5. Return. The steering spindle shall be rotated to a position which prevents engagement of the
device to prevent unauthorized use.
2.2.6. Opposite rotation. Repeat procedures described in Paragraphs 2.2.2., 2.2.3., 2.2.4. and
2.2.5, but in the opposite direction of rotation of the steering spindle.
2.2.7. The time interval between two successive engagements of the device shall be at least 10s.
2.3. The wear-producing cycle shall be repeated the number of times specified in
Paragraph 5.3.1.3. of this Regulation.

ANNEX 6
MODEL OF CERTIFICATE OF CONFORMITY
I the undersigned ............................................................................................................................................
(surname and name)
Testify that the vehicle alarm system / immobilizer described below:
Make: .............................................................................................................................................................
Type: ..............................................................................................................................................................
is in total conformity with the type approved
at ........................................................................
on ............................................................................
(place of approval)
(date)
as described in the communication form bearing approval No . ....................................................................
Identification of the main component(s):
Component: ........................................................... Marking: ........................................................................
Done at: ............................................................. on: ...........................................................................
Manufacturer's full address and stamp: .........................................................................................................
Signature: .............................................................................................................. (please specify position)

ANNEX 8
TEST OF SYSTEMS FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE PASSENGER COMPARTMENT
Paragraphs 6.4.2.11. and 7.4

VAS/AS in Unset and Set State
The test pulses 1 through 5, shall be applied. The required functional status for all applied test
pulses are given in Table 1.
Table 1
Severity/Functional Status (for Supply Lines)
Test pulse number Test level Functional status
1 III C
2a III B
2b III C
3a III A
3b III A
4 III B
5a/5b III A
Immunity against Disturbance Coupled on Signal Lines
Leads which are not connected to supply lines (e.g. special signal lines) shall be tested in
accordance with the International Standard ISO 7637-3:1995 (and Corr.1). The required
functional status for all applied test pulses are given in Table 2.
Table 2
Test Level/Functional Status (for Signal Lines)
Test pulse number Test level Functional status
3a III C
3b III A
Immunity against Radiated High Frequency Disturbances
Testing of the immunity of a VAS/AS in a vehicle may be performed according to the technical
prescriptions and transitional provisions of Regulation No. 10, 04 series of amendments and test
methods described in Annex 6 for the vehicles and Annex 9 for a separate technical unit.

2. METHOD IEC
Electromagnetic Field
The VAS/AS shall undergo the basic test. It shall be subjected to the electromagnetic field test
described in IEC Publication 839-1-3-1998 test A-13 with a frequency range from 20 to
1,000MHz, and for a field strength level of 30V/m.
In addition, the VAS/AS shall be subjected to the electrical transient conducted and coupled tests
described in the International Standard ISO 7637 Parts 1:1990, 2:1990 and 3:1995, as
appropriate.
Electrical Disturbance from Electrostatic Discharges
The VAS/AS shall undergo the basic test. It shall be subjected to testing for immunity against
electrostatic discharge as described in either EN 61000-4-2, or ISO/TR 10605-1993, at the
manufacturer's choice.
Radiated Emissions
The VAS/AS shall be subjected to testing for the suppression of radio frequency interference
according to the technical prescriptions and transitional provisions of Regulation No. 10, 04
series of amendments and according to tests method described in Annexes 4 and 5 for vehicles
and Annexes 7 and 8 for a separate technical unit.

Anti-theft Protection (Unauthorised Use and Alarm Systems).