Regulation No. 118-01

Name:Regulation No. 118-01
Description:Burning Behaviour and/or the Capability to Repel Fuel or Lubricant.
Official Title:Uniform Technical Prescriptions Concerning the Burning Behaviour and/or the Capability to Repel Fuel or Lubricant of Materials Used in the Construction of Certain Categories of Motor Vehicles.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:2011-01-25
Amendment Level:01 Series
Number of Pages:39
Vehicle Types:Bus, Component
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

approval, test, regulation, material, type, compartment, materials, sample, annex, vehicle, burning, samples, flame, component, number, figure, means, approved, specimen, interior, apparatus, dimensions, separate, fuel, vertical, technical, heating, capability, part, radiator, seat, behaviour, repel, engine, side, case, components, amendments, lubricant, combustion, chamber, series, surface, support, burner, ece, granted, paragraph, distance, rate

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324 )
E/ECE/TRANS/505 ) Rev.2/Add.117/Amend.1
January 25, 2011
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 118-01
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE:
BURNING BEHAVIOUR AND/OR THE CAPABILITY TO REPEL FUEL OR
LUBRICANT OF MATERIALS USED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN
CATEGORIES OF MOTOR VEHICLES
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 06.04.05
01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.12.10

REGULATION
1. Scope
REGULATION NO. 118-01
UNIFORM TECHNICAL PRESCRIPTIONS CONCERNING THE BURNING BEHAVIOUR
AND/OR THE CAPABILITY TO REPEL FUEL OR LUBRICANT OF MATERIALS USED
IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF MOTOR VEHICLES
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Approval
5. Part I − Definitions − Specifications
6. Part II − Definitions − Specifications
CONTENTS
7. Modification of the type and extension of approval
8. Conformity of production
9. Penalties for non-conformity of production
10. Production definitely discontinued
11. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and of
administrative departments
12. Transitional Provisions
ANNEXES
Annex 1
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4
Annex 5
Annex 6
Annex 7
Annex 8
Annex 9
− Information document for vehicle
− Information document for component
− Communication concerning the approval of a vehicle type
− Communication concerning the approval of a component type
− Arrangements of approval marks
− Test to determine the horizontal burning rate of materials
− Test to determine the melting behaviour of materials
− Test to determine the vertical burning rate of materials
− Test to determine the capability of materials to repel fuel or lubricant

2.3. "Engine compartment" means the compartment in which the engine is installed and in
which a combustion heater may be installed.
2.4. "Separate heating compartment" means a compartment for a combustion heater located
outside the interior compartment and the engine compartment.
2.5. "Production materials" means products, in the form of bulk materials (e.g. rolls of
upholstery) or preformed components, supplied to a manufacturer for incorporation in a
vehicle type approved under this Regulation, or to a workshop for use in the business of
vehicle maintenance or repair.
2.6. "Seat" means a structure which may or may not be integral with the vehicle structure,
complete with trim, intended to seat one adult person. The term covers both an individual
seat or part of a bench seat intended to seat one adult person.
2.7. "Group of seats" means either a bench-type seat, or seats which are separate but side by
side (i.e. with the foremost anchorages of one seat in line with or forward of the rearmost
anchorages and in line with or behind the foremost anchorages of another seat) and which
accommodate one or more seated adult persons.
2.8. "Bench seat" means a structure complete with trim, intended to seat more than one adult
person.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a vehicle or component type with regard to this Regulation
shall be submitted by the manufacturer.
3.2. It shall be accompanied by an information document conforming to the model shown in
Annex 1 or in Annex 2.
3.3. The following must be submitted to the technical service responsible for conducting the type
approval tests:
3.3.1. In the case of approval of a vehicle: a vehicle representative of the type to be approved.
3.3.2. In the case of components already type approved: a list of the type approval numbers and
maker's type designations of the parts concerned, shall be enclosed in the application for
the vehicle type approval;
3.3.3. In the case of components without ECE type approval:
3.3.3.1. Samples, the number of which is specified in Annexes 6 to 9, of the components used in the
vehicles, which are representative of the type to be approved;
3.3.3.2. Furthermore, one sample shall be submitted to the technical service for future reference
purposes;
3.3.3.3. For devices such as seats, curtains, separation walls, etc., the samples specified in
Paragraph 3.3.3.1. plus one complete device as mentioned above.
3.3.3.4. The samples shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the applicant's trade name or mark
and the type designation;

4.4.2.3. Production materials do not need to be individually marked. However, the packaging with
which they are supplied must be clearly marked with the approval mark described above.
4.4.2.4. If separately marked, large components, for example seats, comprising of more than one
piece of approved material, may have a single mark indicating the approval number(s) of the
material(s) used.
4.4.3. If a type conforms to a type approved, under one or more other Regulations annexed to the
Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this Regulation, the symbol
prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1. need not be repeated; in such a case, the Regulation under
which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in
Paragraph 4.4.1.
4.4.4. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.4.5. In the case of a vehicle, the approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data
plate affixed by the manufacturer.
4.4.6. Annex 5 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5. PART I: APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE TYPE WITH REGARD TO THE BURNING
BEHAVIOUR OF THE COMPONENTS USED IN THE INTERIOR COMPARTMENT, THE
ENGINE COMPARTMENT AND ANY SEPARATE HEATING COMPARTMENT AND/OR
THE CAPABILITY TO REPEL FUEL OR LUBRICANT OF INSULATION MATERIALS
USED IN THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT AND ANY SEPARATE HEATING
COMPARTMENT
5.1. Definition
For the purpose of Part I of this Regulation,
5.1.1. "Vehicle type" means vehicles that do not differ in such essential respects as the
manufacturer's type designation.
5.2. Specifications
5.2.1. The materials of the passenger compartment, the engine compartment and any separate
heating compartment used in the vehicle to be type approved shall meet the requirements of
Part II of this Regulation.
5.2.2. The materials and/or equipment used in the passenger compartment, the engine
compartment and any separate heating compartment and/or in devices approved as
components shall be so installed as to minimize the risk of flame development and flame
propagation.
5.2.3. Such materials and/or equipment shall only be installed in accordance with their intended
purposes and the test(s) which they have undergone (see Paragraphs 6.2.1., 6.2.2., 6.2.3.,
6.2.4., 6.2.5. and 6.2.6.), especially in relation to their burning and melting behaviour
(horizontal/vertical direction) and/or their capability to repel fuel or lubricant.
5.2.4. Any adhesive agent used to affix the interior material to its supporting structure shall not, as
far as possible, exacerbate the burning behaviour of the material.

6.2. Specifications
6.2.1. The following materials shall undergo the test described in Annex 6 to this Regulation:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(g)
Material(s) used for the upholstery of any seat and its accessories (including the
driver's seat),
Material(s) used for the interior lining of the roof,
Material(s) used for the interior lining of the side and rear walls, including separation
walls,
Material(s) with thermal and/or acoustic function,
Material(s) used for the interior lining of the floor,
Material(s) used for the interior lining of luggage-racks, heating and ventilation pipes,
Material(s) used for the light fittings
The result of the test shall be considered satisfactory if, taking the worst test results into
account, the horizontal burning rate is not more than 100 mm/minute or if the flame
extinguishes before reaching the last measuring point.
6.2.2. The following materials shall undergo the test described in Annex 7 to this Regulation:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Material(s) used for the interior lining of the roof,
Material(s) used for the interior lining of the luggage-racks, heating and ventilation
pipes situated in the roof,
Material(s) used for the lights situated in the luggage-racks and/or roof.
The result of the test shall be considered satisfactory if, taking the worst test results into
account, no drop is formed which ignites the cotton wool.
6.2.3. The materials used for the curtains and blinds (and/or other hanging materials) shall
undergo the test described in Annex 8.
The result of the test shall be considered satisfactory if, taking the worst test results into
account, the vertical burning rate is not more than 100 mm/minute.
6.2.4. All insulation material(s) installed in the engine compartment and any separate heating
compartment shall undergo the test described in Annex 9 to this Regulation.
The result of the test shall be considered satisfactory if, taking the worst test results into
account, the increase of the weight of the test sample does not exceed 1 g.
Recesses necessary for technical reasons, e.g. tubes or structural members that need to
pass through the material shall be allowed as long as the protection is maintained
(e.g. sealant, tape …).

8. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:
8.1. Vehicles/components approved under this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements of the relevant part(s) of this
Regulation.
8.2. The authority that has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control
methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these verifications
shall be one every two years.
9. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9.1. The approval granted in respect of a vehicle/component type pursuant to this Regulation
may be withdrawn if the requirements set forth above are not met.
9.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the models in Annex 3 or
Annex 4 to this Regulation.
10. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a vehicle type approved in
accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted the
approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the
other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication
form conforming to the model in Annex 3 or Annex 4 to this Regulation.
11. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS
The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the
United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible
for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval
and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval,
issued in other countries, are to be sent.
12. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
12.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under this Regulation as
amended by the 01 series of amendment.
12.2. As from 24 months after the official date of entry into force of the 01 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE approvals only if the vehicle
type or component type to be approved meet the requirements of this Regulation as
amended by the 01 series of amendments.

ANNEX 1
INFORMATION DOCUMENT
(in accordance with Paragraph 3.2. of this Regulation relating to the ECE Type Approval
of a vehicle with regard to the burning behaviour of the components used in the passenger
compartment, the engine compartment and any separate heating compartment and/or the
capability to repel fuel or lubricant of insulation materials used in the engine compartment
and any separate heating compartment)
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance must be supplied
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): ...........................................................................................
1.2. Type and general commercial description(s): .............................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle: ............................................................
1.4. Location of that marking: .............................................................................................................
1.5. Category of vehicle: .................................................................................................................
1.6. Name and address of manufacturer: ...........................................................................................
1.7. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): ...............................................................................................
2. GENERAL CONSTRUCTION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE VEHICLE
2.1. Photographs and/or drawings of a representative vehicle:
3. BODYWORK
3.1. Seats
Interior fittings and/or insulation materials
3.1.1. Number: .......................................................................................................................................
3.2. Burning behaviour of materials used in the interior construction of the vehicle
3.2.1. Material(s) used for the interior lining of the roof
3.2.1.1. Component type-approval number(s): .........................................................................................
3.2.2. Material(s) used for the rear and side walls
3.2.2.1. Component type-approval number(s): .........................................................................................

ANNEX 2
INFORMATION DOCUMENT
(in accordance with Paragraph 3.2. of the Regulation relating to the ECE Type approval
of a component used in the passenger compartment, the engine compartment and any
separate heating compartment with regard to its burning behaviour and/or the capability
to repel fuel or lubricant of insultion materials used in the engine compartment and any
separate heating compartment)
If the systems, components or separate technical units have electronic controls, information concerning
their performance must be supplied
1. GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type and general commercial description(s): ................................................................................
1.3. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................
1.4. In the case of components and separate technical units, location and method of affixing of the
EEC approval mark: .......................................................................................................................
1.5. Address(es) of assembly plant(s): .................................................................................................
2. INTERIOR MATERIALS
2.1. Material(s) used for: .......................................................................................................................
2.2. Base material(s)/designation: . . . / . . . ..........................................................................................
2.3. Composite/single (1) material, number of layers : ......................................................................
2.4. Type of coating (1): ........................................................................................................................
2.5. Maximum/minimum thickness ................................................................................................. mm
2.6. Type-approval number, if available: ...............................................................................................

ANNEX 3
(Maximum format: A4 (210 mm x 297 mm))
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type pursuant to Regulation No. 118
Approval No.............................................. Extension No. ..................................................
Reason for extension:
SECTION I
GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the vehicle/component/separate technical
unit : .........................................................................................................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Category of vehicle : ....................................................................................................................

ANNEX 4
(Maximum format: A4 (210 mm x 297 mm))
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 x 297 mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type pursuant to Regulation No. 118
Approval No.............................................. Extension No. ..................................................
Reason for extension:.....................................................................................................................................
SECTION I
GENERAL
1.1. Make (trade name of manufacturer): .............................................................................................
1.2. Type: ..............................................................................................................................................
1.3. Means of identification of type, if marked on the device : ...........................................................
........................................................................................................................................................
1.3.1. Location of that marking: ................................................................................................................
1.4. Name and address of manufacturer: .............................................................................................

ANNEX 5
ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Example 1
(see Part I of this Regulation)
a = 8 mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the type concerned was approved in the
Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part I of Regulation No. 118 under approval No. 011234. The first two
digits (01) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 118.
Example 2
(see Part II of this Regulation)
a = 8 mm min
The above approval mark affixed to a component shows that the type concerned was approved in the
Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Part II of Regulation No. 118 under approval number 011234. The first two
digits (01) of the approval number indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the
requirements of the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 118.
The additional symbol
horizontal and vertical
indicates that this type of component has been approved according to its
burning rate.
The symbols and/or indicate an approval according to Annex 7 and/or an approval as a
complete device such as seats, separation walls, etc.. The additional symbols are only used if applicable.

Figure 1
Example of Combustion Chamber with Sample Holder and Drip Tray
Figure 2
Example of Combustion Chamber
(Dimensions in millimetres)

2.3. Gas Burner
Figure 5
Example of Section of Lower U-frame Design for Wire Support Facility
(Dimensions in millimetres)
The small ignition source is provided by a Bunsen burner having an inside diameter of
9.5 ± 0.5 mm. It is located in the test cabinet so that the centre of its nozzle is 19 mm below
the centre of the bottom edge of the open end of the sample (see Figure 2).
2.4. Test Gas
The gas supplied to the burner shall have a calorific value near 38 MJ/m (for example natural
gas).
2.5. Metal comb, at least 110 mm in length, with seven to eight smooth rounded teeth per 25 mm.
2.6. Stop-watch, accurate to 0.5 seconds.
2.7. Fume cupboard. The combustion chamber may be placed in a fume cupboard assembly
provided that the internal volume is at least 20 times, but not more than 110 times, greater than
the volume of the combustion chamber and provided that no single height, width, or length
dimension of the fume cupboard is greater than 2.5 times either of the other two dimensions.
Before the test, the vertical velocity of the air through the fume cupboard shall be measured
100 mm in front of and behind the final position where the combustion chamber will be located.
It shall be between 0.10 and 0.30 m/s in order to avoid possible discomfort, by combustion
products, to the operator. It is possible to use a fume cupboard with a natural ventilation and
an appropriate air velocity.

4.4. Push the sample-holder into the combustion chamber so that the end of the sample is exposed
to the flame, and after 15 seconds cut off the gas flow.
4.5. The measurement of the burning time starts at the moment when the foot of the flame passes
the first measuring point. Observe the flame propagation on the side burning faster than the
other (upper or lower side).
4.6. Measurement of burning time is completed when the flame has come to the last measuring
point or when the flame extinguishes before coming to the last measuring point. If the flame
does not reach the last measuring point, measure the burnt distance up to the point where the
flame extinguished. Burnt distance is the decomposed part of the sample, which is destroyed
on its surface or in the interior by burning.
4.7. In so far as the sample does not ignite or does not continue burning after the burner has been
extinguished, or when the flame extinguishes before reaching the first measuring point, so that
no burning time is measured note in the test report that the burning rate is 0 mm/min.
4.8. When running a series of tests or repeat tests, ensure that the combustion chamber and
sample holder have a maximum temperature of 30° C before starting the next test.
5. CALCULATION
The burning rate, B
, in millimetres per minute, is given by the formula:
B = 60 s/t
Where:
s = the burnt distance, in millimetres;
t = the time, in seconds, to burn distance s

2.2.1. Calibration Check
The irradiance produced by the power input which the initial calibration has shown to
correspond to an irradiance of 3 W/cm shall be frequently checked (at least once every
50 operating hours) and the apparatus shall be recalibrated if such a check reveals a deviation
greater than 0.06 W/cm .
2.2.2. Calibration Procedure
The apparatus shall be placed in an environment essentially free of air currents (not more than
0.2 m/s).
Place the heat flux meter in the apparatus in the specimen position so that the target of the
heat flux meter is located centrally within the radiator surface.
Switch on the electricity supply and establish the power input of the controller required to
produce irradiance at the centre of the radiator surface of 3 W/cm . Adjustment to the power
unit to record 3 W/cm should be followed by a five minute period without further adjustment to
ensure equilibrium.
2.3. The support for the samples shall be a metallic ring (Figure 1). On top of this support a grill,
made of stainless steel-wire, is placed with the following dimensions:
(a)
(b)
(c)
Interior diameter: 118 mm,
Dimension of the holes: 2.10 mm square,
Diameter of the steel-wire: 0.70 mm.
2.4. The receptacle shall consist of a cylindrical tube with an interior diameter of 118 mm and a
depth of 12 mm. The receptacle shall be filled with cotton wool.
2.5. A vertical column shall support the items specified in Paragraphs 2.1., 2.3. and 2.4.
The radiator is placed on top of the support in a manner such that the radiating surface is
horizontal and the radiation is downwards.
A lever/pedal shall be provided in the column to lift the support of the radiator slowly. It shall
also be provided with a catch in order to ensure that the radiator can be brought back in its
normal position.
In their normal position, the axes of the radiator, the support for the sample and the receptacle
must coincide.

5. RESULTS
Observed phenomena shall be noted in the test-report, such as:
(i)
(ii)
The fall of drops, if any, whether flaming or not,
If ignition of the cotton wool has taken place
Figure 1
(Dimensions in millimeters)

2.3. The test apparatus may be placed in a fume cupboard assembly provided that the internal
volume is at least 20 times, but not more than 110 times, greater than the volume of the test
apparatus and provided that: no single height, width, or length dimension of the fume cupboard
is greater than 2.5 times either of the other two dimensions. Before the test, the vertical
velocity of the air through the fume cupboard shall be measured 100 mm in front of and behind
the final position where the test apparatus will be located. It shall be between 0.10 and
0.30 m/s in order to avoid possible discomfort, by combustion products, to the operator. It is
possible to use a fume cupboard with a natural ventilation and an appropriate air velocity.
2.4. A flat rigid template made of suitable material and of a size corresponding to the size of the
specimen shall be used. Holes approximately 2 mm in diameter shall be drilled in the template
and positioned so that the distances between the centres of the holes correspond to the
distances between the pins on the frames (see Figure 1). The holes shall be located
equidistant about the vertical centrelines of the template.
3. SAMPLES
3.1. The samples dimensions are: 560 × 170 mm
3.2. The samples shall be conditioned for at least 24 hours at a temperature of 23° C ± 2° C and a
relative humidity of 50 ± 5% and shall be maintained under these conditions until immediately
prior to testing.
4. PROCEDURE
4.1. The test shall be carried out in an atmosphere having a temperature between 10° C and 30° C
and a relative humidity between 15% and 80%.
4.2. The burner shall be preheated for 2 minutes. The flame height shall be adjusted to 40 ± 2 mm
measured as the distance between the top of the burner tube and the tip of the yellow part of
the flame when the burner is vertically oriented and the flame is viewed in dim light.
4.3. The specimen shall be placed on the pins of the test frame, making certain that the pins pass
through the points marked off from the template and that the specimen is at least 20 mm
removed from the frame. The frame shall be fitted on the support so that the specimen is
vertical.
4.4. The marker threads shall be attached horizontally in front of the specimen at the locations
shown in Figure 1. At each location, a loop of thread shall be mounted so that the two
segments are spaced 1 mm and 5 mm from the plane of the front of the specimen.
Each loop shall be attached to a suitable timing device. Sufficient tension shall be imposed to
the thread to maintain its position relative to the specimen.
4.5. The flame shall be applied to the specimen for 5 seconds. Ignition shall be deemed to have
occurred if flaming of the specimen continues for 5 seconds after removal of the igniting flame.
If ignition does not occur, the flame shall be applied for 15 seconds to another conditioned
specimen.
4.6. If any result in any set of three specimens exceeds the minimum result by 50%, another set of
three specimens shall be tested for that direction or face. If one or two specimens in any set of
three specimens fail to burn to the top marker thread, another set of three specimens shall be
tested for that direction or face.

Figure 1
Specimen Holder
(Dimensions in millimetres)

Figure 3
Gas Burner
(Dimensions in millimetres)

4.4. Fill the metal cylinder with test liquid to a height of 20 mm and let the system rest for 24 hours.
4.5. Remove the test liquid and the test sample from the apparatus. If residue of the test liquid is
found on the test sample it shall be removed without compressing the test sample.
4.6. The test sample shall be weighed.
Figure 4a
Apparatus for Testing the Capability to Repel Fuel or Lubricant
(Dimensions in millimeters)
Figure 4b
Apparatus for Testing the Capability to Repel Fuel or Lubricant
(Side View)
Burning Behaviour and/or the Capability to Repel Fuel or Lubricant.