Regulation No. 129-00
|Name:||Regulation No. 129-00|
|Description:||Approval of Enhanced Child Restraint Systems (ECRS)|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Enhanced Child Restraint Systems Used on Board of Motor Vehicles (ECRS).|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||2013-08-07|
|Amendment Level:||00 Series, Supplement 5|
|Number of Pages:||135|
|Vehicle Types:||Bus, Car, Component|
|Subject Categories:||Prior Versions|
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July 26, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
ENHANCED CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS USED
ON BOARD OF MOTOR VEHICLES (ECRS)
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.07.13
Corr. 1 to the original version of the Regulation
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.01.14
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.10.14
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15
Supplement 5 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.17
REGULATION No. 129-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
ENHANCED CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS USED
ON BOARD OF MOTOR VEHICLES (ECRS)
3. Application for Approval
6. General Specifications
8. Test Reports of Type Approval and of Production Qualification
9. Production Qualification
10. Conformity of Production and Routine Tests
11. Modification and Extension of Approval of a Child Restraint System
12. Penalties for Non-conformity of Production
13. Production Definitively Discontinued
14. Information for Users
15. Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests and of
Type Approval Authorities
Arrangements of the approval mark
Arrangement of apparatus for dust resistance test
Abrasion and microslip test
REGULATION No. 129-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF: ENHANCED
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS USED ON BOARD OF MOTOR VEHICLES (ECRS)
This Regulation applies (in its Phase 1) to Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint
Systems (i-Size) and Integral "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems for
child occupants of power driven vehicles.
For the purposes of this Regulation,
2.1. "Child Restraint System" (CRS) means a device capable of accommodating a child
occupant in a sitting or supine position. It is so designed as to diminish the risk of
injury to the wearer, in the event of a collision or of abrupt deceleration of the vehicle,
by limiting the mobility of the child’s body.
2.2. "Child restraint type" means a Child Restraint System which does not differ in such
essential respects as:
The category in which the restraint is type approved;
The design, material and construction of the Child Restraint System.
Convertible or modular Child Restraint Systems shall be considered to not differ in
their design, material and construction.
2.3. "i-Size" (Integral Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems) is a category of Child
Restraint System for use in all i-Size seating position of a vehicle, as defined and
approved according to Regulation Nos. 14 and 16.
2.4. "Integral" is a class of Child Restraint System, meaning that the child is restrained
only by components which comprise the Child Restraint System (e.g. strap harness,
shield, etc.), and not by means connected directly to the vehicle (e.g. seat belt).
2.5. "ISOFIX" is a system that provides a method of connecting a Child Restraint System
to a vehicle. It is based on two vehicle anchorages and two corresponding
attachments on the Child Restraint System in conjunction with a means to limit the
pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System. All three vehicle anchorages are to be
approved according to Regulation No. 14.
2.6. "ISOFIX Universal" is an ISOFIX comprising either a top-tether or a support-leg, to
limit the pitch rotation of the Child Restraint System, attached to, or supported by, the
2.13. "ISOFIX top tether strap" means a webbing strap (or equivalent) which extends
from the top of an ISOFIX Child Restraint System to the ISOFIX top tether anchorage,
and which is equipped with an adjustment device, a tension-relieving device, and an
ISOFIX top tether connector.
2.13.1. "ISOFIX top tether anchorage" means a feature fulfilling the requirements of
Regulation No. 14, such as a bar, located in a defined zone, designed to accept an
ISOFIX top tether connector and transfer its restraint force to the vehicle structure.
2.13.2. "ISOFIX top tether connector" means a device intended to be attached to an
ISOFIX top tether anchorage.
2.13.3. "ISOFIX top tether hook" means an ISOFIX top tether connector typically used to
attach an ISOFIX top tether strap to an ISOFIX top tether anchorage as defined in
Figure 3 of Regulation No. 14.
2.13.4. "ISOFIX top tether attachment" is a device to secure the ISOFIX top tether strap to
the ISOFIX Child Restraint System.
2.14. "Tension relieving device" means a system which allows to release the device that
adjusts and maintains the tension in the ISOFIX top tether strap.
2.15. "Support-leg" means an anti–rotation device permanently attached to a Child
Restraint System creating a load path between the Child Restraint System and the
vehicle structure. A support-leg shall be adjustable in length (Z direction) and may be
additionally adjustable in other directions.
2.15.1. "Support-leg foot" means one or more part(s) of the support-leg of the Child
Restraint System intended (by design) to engage with the vehicle floor contact
surface and designed to transmit the loading from the support-leg to the vehicle
structure during a frontal impact.
2.15.2. "Support-leg foot contact surface" means the surface of the support-leg foot
physically in contact with the vehicle floor contact surface and designed to spread the
loads across the vehicle structure.
2.15.3. "Support-leg foot assessment volume" describes a spatial volume which denotes
both the extent and limitations for the movement of the support-leg foot. It
corresponds to the support-leg foot assessment volume for vehicles, as defined in
Annex 10 of Regulation No. 14.
2.20. "Chair support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the chair can
2.21. "Belt" means a child restraint comprising a combination of straps with a securing
buckle, adjusting devices and attachments.
2.22. "Harness belt" means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and
a crotch strap.
2.23. "Y-shaped belt" means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap
to be guided between the child's legs and a strap for each shoulder.
2.24. "Carry cot" means a restraint system intended to accommodate and restrain the
child in a supine or prone position with the child's spine perpendicular to the median
longitudinal plane of the vehicle. It is so designed as to distribute the restraining
forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of a collision.
2.25. "Carry-cot restraint" means a device used to restrain a carry-cot to the structure of
2.26. "Infant carrier" means a restraint system intended to accommodate the child in a
rearward-facing semi-recumbent position. It is so designed as to distribute the
restraining forces over the child's head and body excluding its limbs in the event of
the frontal collision.
2.27. "Child support" means that part of a Child Restraint System by which the child can
be raised within the Child Restraint System.
2.28. "Impact shield" means a device secured in front of the child and designed to
distribute the restraining forces over the greater part of the height of the child's body
in the event of a frontal impact.
2.29. "Strap" means a flexible component designed to transmit forces.
2.30. "Lap strap" means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form
of a component of such a belt passes across the front of, and restrains, directly or
not, the child's pelvis.
2.31. "Shoulder strap" means that part of a belt which restrains the child's upper torso.
2.32. "Crotch strap" means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of
webbing make it) attached to the Child Restraint System and the lap strap and is so
positioned as to pass between the child's thighs; it is designed to prevent the child
sliding under the lap belt in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the
pelvis in an impact.
2.33. "Child-restraining strap" means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt
(harness) and restrains only the body of the child.
2.34. "Buckle" means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the
restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The
buckle may incorporate the adjusting device.
2.44. "Vehicle seat" means a structure, which may or may not be integral with the vehicle
structure, complete with trim and intended to seat one adult person. In this respect:
"Group of vehicle seats" means either a bench seat or a plurality of seats which are
separate but side by side (i.e. so fixed that the front anchorages of one seat are in
line with the front or rear anchorages of another seat or on a line passing between
those anchorages), each seat accommodating one or more seated adult persons.
"Vehicle bench seat" means a structure complete with trim and intended to seat
more than one adult person.
"Vehicle front seats" means the group of seats situated foremost in the passenger
compartment, i.e. having no other seat directly in front of them.
"Vehicle rear seats" are fixed, forward-facing seats situated behind another group of
2.45. "Seat type" means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential
respects as the shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure, the types and
dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems, and the type and
dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat anchorage, and
of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.
2.46. "Adjustment system" means the complete device by which the vehicle seat or its
parts can be adjusted to suit the physique of the seat's adult occupant; this device
may, in particular, permit longitudinal displacement, and/or vertical displacement,
and/or angular displacement.
2.47. "Vehicle seat anchorage" means the system, including the affected parts of the
vehicle structure, by which the adult seat as a whole is secured to the vehicle
2.48. "Displacement system" means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to
be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to
facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.
2.49. "Locking system" means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are
maintained in the position of use.
2.50. "Seat bight" means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle
seat cushion and the seat-back.
2.51. "ISOFIX position" means a location which allows for the installation of either:
Universal ISOFIX Child Restraint System as defined in Regulation No. 44; or
(b) A "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System as defined in
Regulation No. 44 or a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" as defined in this Regulation;
An i-Size Child Restraint System suitable for use in specific ISOFIX seating
positions as defined by the vehicle manufacturer according to Regulation 16.
3.2.3. For Child Restraint Systems tested on the test trolley in a vehicle body shell in
conformity with Paragraph 188.8.131.52. of this Regulation or in a complete vehicle in
conformity with Paragraph 184.108.40.206. of this Regulation, the applicant shall submit
documentation (drawings and/or pictures) regarding the combination of the Child
Restraint System and the car or the ISOFIX seating position and the relevant car
environment for which the manufacturer has requested a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX"
approval. This documentation needs to indicate:
The available area around the Child Restraint System when installed on the
seating position. In particular it shall include parts which might interfere with the
Child Restraint System during an impact;
All relevant vehicle parts which might influence the (rotational) movement of the
Child Restraint System during an impact, due to their strength or stiffness.
3.2.4. Samples of the Child Restraint System requested by the Technical Service
responsible for conducting the test;
3.2.5. A 10m length of each type of strap used in the Child Restraint System; and
3.2.6. Instructions and details of packaging in accordance with Paragraph 14. of this
3.2.7. In case of a "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" application when tests are performed in a
vehicle body shell, a body of the vehicle, including adult seats and the relevant parts
of the car environment shall be available.
3.3. Annex 20 lists the minimum documents required to accompany the application for
approval as indicated in Paragraph 3.2. above and required elsewhere in this
3.4. The Type Approval Authority of a Contracting Party shall verify, before granting type
approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring
effective control so that Child Restraint Systems, equipment or parts when in
production conform to the approved type.
4.1. The samples of Child Restraint Systems submitted for approval in conformity with the
provisions of Paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall be clearly and indelibly marked
with the manufacturer's name, initials or trade mark.
4.2. The Child Restraint System, except the strap(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly
and indelibly with the year of production.
4.3. The orientation of the Child Restraint System relative to the vehicle shall be clearly
indicated on the product.
The marking defined in this Paragraph shall be visible with the Child Restraint System
in the vehicle, with the child in the Child Restraint System.
In the case of Child Restraint Systemss that can bee used forward facing, it shall have
following label permanently attached and visible to the person installing a child
restraint in the vehicle:
The manufacturer shall bee permitted to include the t word "months" to explain the
symbol "M" in the label. The word " months" should be in a language commonly
spoken in the country or countries where the product is sold. More than one
Minimum label size 40 × 40mm
The following information shall be permanently visible to someone installing
Restraint System in a vehicle:
The i-Size Logo. The symbol shown below shall have minimum dimension of
25 × 25mm and the pictogram shall contrast with the background. The pictogram
shall be clearly
visible either by means
of contrasting colors or r by adequate relief if it
is molded or embossed;
Where necessary reference should be made to the Child Restraint System user
instructions and to the location of that document using the symbol below.
5.1. Each sample submitted in conformity with Paragraphs 3.2.4. and 3.2.5. above shall
meet the specifications set forth in Paragraphs 6. to 7. of this Regulation in every
respect before approval can be granted.
5.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at
present 00 corresponding to the 00 series of amendments which entered into force on
July 9, 2013) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent
major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the
approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another
type of Child Restraint System covered by this Regulation.
A type of Child Restraint System approved according to this Regulation shall not bear
another approval mark according to Regulation No. 44 (Child Restraint Systems).
5.3. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval of a Child Restraint System
pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement
which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1
to this Regulation. If part of the enhanced child restraint system could be used as an
infant carrier module and installed as defined in Annex 22, approvals according to this
Regulation can only be granted if the infant carrier module complies with the
requirements of this Annex.
5.4. In addition to the marks prescribed in Paragraph 4. above, the following particulars
shall be affixed in a suitable space to every Child Restraint System conforming to a
type approved under this Regulation:
5.4.1. An international approval mark consisting of:
220.127.116.11. A circle surrounding the letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted approval;
18.104.22.168. An approval number; the words "Regulation No." followed by the number of this
Regulation, a slash and the series of amendment ("Regulation No. 129/00");
Possible Configurations for Type Approval
Vehicle ISOFIX CRS
Lateral facing (carry-cot) NA A
Rearward facing A A
Forward facing (integral) A A
Child Restraint System
6.1.3. For children under the age of 15 months only lateral facing or rearward facing Child
Restraint System shall be used.
A Child Restraint System designed for children up to 15 months of age shall be
rearward facing and accommodate at least a child with a stature of 83cm;
A forward facing Child Restraint System shall not be designed to accommodate
a stature below 71cm;
A convertible seat in its rearward facing configuration shall be able to
accommodate a child with a stature up to 83cm. This shall not preclude a child
stature greater than 83cm.
The use of rearward facing Child Restraint System may be applied to any age of
6.2. Configuration of the Child Restraint System
6.2.1. The configuration of the Child Restraint System shall be such that:
22.214.171.124. The restraint of the child shall give the required protection in any position specified for
the Child Restraint System;
For "Special Needs Restraints" the primary means of restraint shall give the required
protection in any intended position of the Child Restraint System without the use of
the additional restraining devices which may be present;
6.2.3. It shall not be possible to remove or detach without the use of specific tools, any
components not designed to be removable or detachable. Any components that are
designed to be removable for maintenance or adjustment purpose shall be so
designed as to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and use, as the assembly and
disassembly processes shall be explained in detail in the restraint user guides. Any
harness belt shall be capable of its full range of adjustment without disassembly.
6.2.4. "Special Needs Restraints" may have additional restraining devices; these shall be
designed to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly, and shall be designed so that their
means of release and mode of operation is immediately obvious to any rescuer in an
6.2.5. A Child Restraint System may be designed for use in any range of size specified by
the manufacturer provided that it satisfies the requirements laid down in this
6.2.6. Child Restraint Systems incorporating inflatable elements shall be so designed that
the conditions of use (pressure, temperature, humidity) have no influence on their
ability to comply with the requirements of this Regulation.
6.3. Child Restraint System Specifications
126.96.36.199. The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the toxicity of
materials used in the manufacture of restraint systems and accessible to the
restrained child is in conformity with the relevant parts of EN 71-3:2013+A1:2014
(Paragraph 4.2., Table 2, Category III for specific requirements and Paragraph 7.3.3.
for test methodology). Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried
out at the discretion of the Technical Service.
6.3.2. General Characteristics
188.8.131.52. Internal Geometric Characteristics
The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the internal
dimensions of the Child Restraint System conform to the requirements of Annex 18.
For any size within the size range declared by the manufacturer the minimum
dimensions for shoulder breadth, hip breadth and sitting height shall be fulfilled
together with the minimum and maximum dimensions of shoulder height.
184.108.40.206. External Dimensions
The maximum dimensions for width, height and depth of the Child Restraint System
and the locations of the ISOFIX anchorages system with which its attachments shall
engage, shall be defined by the Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF) as defined in
Paragraph 2.17. of this Regulation.
i-Size Forward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/F2x size
envelope for a reduced-height forward-facing toddler CRS (height 650mm)
ISOFIX SIZE CLASS B1;
i-Size Rearward facing Child Restraint Systems shall fit within the ISO/R2 size
envelope for a reduced-size rearward-facing toddler CRS ISOFIX SIZE
"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems may fit within any ISO size
The mass of an integral ISOFIX Child Restraint System (i-Size Child Restraint
System included) combined with the mass of the largest child intended to use the
Child Restraint System shall not exceed 33kg. This mass limit is also applicable for
"Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint Systems.
Dimensions for the portion of the ISOFIX Child Restraint System attachment that
engages the ISOFIX anchorage system shall not exceed the maximum dimensions
given by the envelope in Figure 0(b).
220.127.116.11. Partial Latching Indication
Dimensions in mm
The ISOFIX Child Restraint System shall incorporate means by which there is a clear
indication that both of the ISOFIX attachments are completely latched with the
corresponding ISOFIX lower anchorages. The indication means may be audible,
tactile or visual or a combination of two or more. In case of visual indication it shall be
detectable under all normal lighting conditions.
6.3.4. ISOFIX Child Restraint System Top Tether Strap Specifications
18.104.22.168. Top Tether Connector
The top tether connector shall be ISOFIX top tether hook as shown in Figure 0(c), or
similar devices that fit within the envelope given by Figure 0(c).
22.214.171.124. ISOFIX Top Tether Strap Features
The ISOFIX top tether strap shall be supported by webbing (or its equivalent), having
a provision for adjustment and release of tension.
126.96.36.199.1. ISOFIX Top Tether Strap Length
ISOFIX Child Restraint System top tether strap length shall be at least 2,000mm.
6.3.5. i-Size Child Restraint System Support-leg and Support-leg Foot Requirements
i-Size Child Restraint Systems fitted with support-legs must comply in all positions of
use (e.g. in case of length adjustable attachment, base, etc. the shortest and longest
position) with the geometrical provisions defined in this Paragraph and its
Compliance with the requirements specified in Paragraphs 188.8.131.52. and 184.108.40.206. below
may be verified by a physical or computer simulation.
The geometrical requirements in Paragraphs 220.127.116.11. to 18.104.22.168. below are referenced
to a coordinate system, whose origin is located centrally between the two ISOFIX
attachments and on the centreline of the corresponding ISOFIX anchorage system.
The orientation of the axes of the coordinate system is referenced to the child
The X' axis shall be parallel to the Child Restraint Fixture (CRF)
surface and in the median longitudinal plane of the CRF;
The Y' axis shall be perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane;
The Z' axis shall be perpendicular to the CRF bottom surface.
In fulfilling the requirements of this section, the Child Restraint System shall be
installed in accordance with the user manual of the Child Restraint System. The
storage position of the support-leg is excluded from these requirements.
22.214.171.124. Support-leg Foot Dimensions
The dimensions of the support-leg foot shall meet the following requirements:
Minimum support-leg contact surface shall be 2,500mm , measured as a
projected surface 10mm above the lower edge of the support-leg foot (see
Minimum outside dimensions shall be 30mm in the X' and Y' directions, with
maximum dimensions being limited by the support-leg foot assessment
Minimum radius of the edges of the support-leg foot shall be 3.2mm.
6.6. Provisions Applicable to the Assembled Child Restraint System
6.6.1. Resistance to Corrosion
126.96.36.199. A complete Child Restraint System, or the parts thereof that are liable to corrosion,
shall be subject to the corrosion test specified in Paragraph 7.1.1. below.
188.8.131.52. After the corrosion test as prescribed in Paragraphs 184.108.40.206. and 220.127.116.11. below, no
signs of deterioration likely to impair the proper functioning of the Child Restraint
System, and no significant corrosion, shall be visible to the unaided eye of a qualified
6.6.2. Energy Absorption
18.104.22.168. For all devices with backrests the areas defined in Annex 14 to this Regulation, when
tested in accordance to Annex 13, shall give a peak acceleration of less than 60g.
This requirement applies also to areas of impact shields which are in the head strike
22.214.171.124. In the case of Child Restraint Systems with permanent mechanically attached
adjustable head support devices, in which the height of either the adult safety belt or
of the child harness is directly controlled by the adjustable head support, it is not
necessary to demand energy absorption in areas as defined in Annex 18, which are
not contactable by the manikin’s head, i.e. behind the head support.
126.96.36.199. The Enhanced Child Restraint System shall be tested as prescribed in
Paragraph 7.1.2. of this Regulation; at no point during the whole test shall the manikin
be fully ejected from the device. In addition when the test bench is in the upside down
position the dummy's head shall not move more than 300mm from its original position
in a vertical direction relative to the test bench; this measurement shall be performed
after the load has been removed.
188.8.131.52.2.3. Using sufficient parts of the vehicle body shell to be representative of the vehicle
structure and impact surfaces. If the Child Restraint System is intended for use in the
rear seat, these shall include the back of the front seat, the rear seat, the floor pan,
the B and C pillars and the roof. If the Child Restraint System is intended for use in
the front seat, the parts shall include the dashboard, the A pillars, the windscreen, any
levers or knobs installed in the floor or on a console, the front seat, the floor pan and
the roof. The Technical Service responsible for conducting the test may permit items
to be excluded if they are found to be superfluous. Testing shall be as prescribed in
Paragraph 184.108.40.206. of this Regulation, except for lateral impact.
220.127.116.11.3. The dynamic test shall be performed on Child Restraint Systems which have not
previously been under load.
18.104.22.168.4. If an "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" Child Restraint System is installed in the area behind
the rearmost forward facing adult seat positions (for example, the luggage area), one
test with the largest dummy/dummies, as allowed by the Child Restraint System, on a
complete vehicle as prescribed in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. of this Regulation shall be
performed. The other tests, including the conformity of production, may be done as
prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. of this Regulation, at the request of the
188.8.131.52.5. In the case of a "Special Needs Restraint" every dynamic test specified by this
Regulation for the range of size specified by the manufacturer shall be performed
twice: first, using the primary means of restraint and second, with all restraining
devices in use. In these tests, special attention shall be given to the requirements in
Paragraphs 184.108.40.206. and 220.127.116.11. of this Regulation.
18.104.22.168.6. In the case of Child Restraint System making use of an anti-rotation device, the
dynamic test shall be carried out as follows:
22.214.171.124.6.1. With the anti-rotation device in use, and
126.96.36.199.6.2. Without the anti-rotation device in use, unless a mechanism is provided to prevent
incorrect use of the anti-rotation device.
188.8.131.52. During the dynamic tests, no part of the Child Restraint System affecting the restraint of
the occupant shall fully or partially fracture, and no buckle, locking system or
displacement system shall release or unlock. The only exception is where such parts or
systems are identified as having a load limiting function in the manufacturer’s technical
description, as defined in Paragraph 3.2.1. of this Regulation, and they comply with the
184.108.40.206.1. Perform as predicted by the manufacturer.
220.127.116.11.2. Do not compromise the ability of the Child Restraint System to protect the occupant.
18.104.22.168. Dummy’s Head Displacement for Frontal and Rear Impact
22.214.171.124.1. Child Restraint Systems of i-Size Category:
126.96.36.199.1.1. Forward Facing Child Restraint Systems
Head excursion: No part of the head of the dummy shall pass beyond the planes BA,
DA and DE as defined in Figure 1 below. This shall be judged up to 300ms or the
moment that the dummy has come to a definitive standstill whatever occurs first.
188.8.131.52.1.1.1. Where a test is conducted in accordance with Paragraph 184.108.40.206.6.2. above, a
tolerance of +10% shall be applicable to the head excursion value distance between
Cr point and plane AB.
Arrangement for Testing a Forward-facing Device
Dimensions in mm
220.127.116.11. Dummy Criteria for Lateral Impact for Forward and Rearward Facing Child Restraint
18.104.22.168.1. Main Injury Assessment Criterion – Head Containment
During the loading phase of lateral impact testing, up to 80ms, side protection shall
always be positioned at the level at the dummy’s head centre of gravity perpendicular
to the direction of the door intrusion. Head containment will be assessed by the
No head contact with the door panel;
Head shall not exceed a vertical plane identified by a red line on top of the door
(top view camera). This vertical plane is identified by a line on the impacted
door as defined in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 1.
22.214.171.124.2. Additional Injury Assessment Criteria for Lateral Impact
Criterion Abbreviation Unit Q0 Q1 Q1,5 Q3 Q6
HPC (15) 600 600 600 800 800
Head acceleration 3ms A head 3ms g 75 75 75 80 80
Upper neck tension force Fz N For monitoring purpose only
Upper neck flexion
Mx Nm For monitoring purpose only
6.6.5. Resistance to Temperature
126.96.36.199. Buckle assemblies, retractors, adjusters and lock-off devices that are liable to be
affected by temperature, shall be subject to the temperature test specified in
Paragraph 7.2.7. below.
188.8.131.52. After the temperature test as prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. below, no signs of
deterioration likely to impair the proper functioning of the restraint of the child, shall be
visible to the unaided eye of a qualified observer. The dynamic tests should then be
220.127.116.11.2. The shoulder strap positioner shall be easy to operate and to grasp. It shall be
possible to open it in one simple action, but it shall be difficult for the child occupant to
manipulate the release mechanism. The force required to release the device shall not
18.104.22.168.3. The shoulder strap positioner shall not exceed 60mm in height.
22.214.171.124. Opening of the buckle shall enable the child to be removed independently of the
"chair", "chair support" or "impact shield", if fitted, and if the device includes a crotch
strap the crotch strap shall be released by operation of the same buckle.
126.96.36.199. The buckle shall be capable of withstanding the temperature test operation
requirements given in Paragraph 7.2.7. below and repeated operation, and shall,
before the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 7.1.3. below undergo a test
comprising 5,000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal conditions for use.
188.8.131.52. The buckle shall be subjected to the following tests of opening:
184.108.40.206.1. Test Under Load
220.127.116.11.1.1. A Child Restraint System having already undergone the dynamic test prescribed in
Paragraph 7.1.3. below shall be used for this test.
18.104.22.168.1.2. The force required to open the buckle in the test prescribed in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.
below shall not exceed 80N.
126.96.36.199.2. No-load Test
188.8.131.52.2.1. A buckle which has not previously been subjected to a load shall be used for this test.
The force needed to open the buckle when it is not under load shall be in the range of
40–80N in the tests prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. below
220.127.116.11.1. During the test in accordance with Paragraph 18.104.22.168.2. below no part of the buckle or
the adjacent straps or adjusters shall break or be detached.
22.214.171.124.2. Depending of the mass limit declared by the manufacturer, a harness buckle shall
126.96.36.199.2.1. 4kN, if the mass limit is less or equal to 13kg;
188.8.131.52.2.2. 10kN, if the mass limit is greater than 13kg.
184.108.40.206.3. The Type Approval Authority may dispense with the buckle strength test if information
already available renders the test superfluous.
220.127.116.11.3. The strap shall be repeatedly withdrawn from the retractor and allowed to retract, in
the conditions prescribed in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. below, until 5,000 cycles have been
completed. The retractor shall then be subjected to the temperature test operation
requirements given in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. and corrosion test described in
Paragraph 7.1.1. below and the dust-resistance test described in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.
below. It shall then satisfactorily complete a further 5,000 cycles of withdrawal and
retraction. After the above tests the retractor shall continue to operate correctly and to
meet the requirements of Paragraphs 188.8.131.52.1. and 184.108.40.206.2. above.
220.127.116.11. Emergency-locking Retractors
18.104.22.168.1. An emergency-locking retractor shall when tested as prescribed in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.
satisfy the conditions below:
126.96.36.199.1.1. It shall be locked when the deceleration of the vehicle reaches 0.45 g;
188.8.131.52.1.2. It shall not lock for strap accelerations of less than 0.8g as measured in the axis of
184.108.40.206.1.3. It shall not lock when its sensing device is tilted by not more than 12° in any direction
from the installation position specified by its manufacturer;
220.127.116.11.1.4. It shall lock when its sensing device is tilted by more than 27° in any direction from
the installation position specified by its manufacturer.
18.104.22.168.2. Where the operation of a retractor depends on an external signal or power source,
the design shall ensure that the retractor locks automatically upon failure or
interruption of that signal or power source.
22.214.171.124.3. A multiple-sensitivity emergency-locking retractor shall meet the requirements set out
above. In addition, if one of the sensitivity factors relates to strap extraction, locking
shall have occurred at a strap acceleration of 1.5g as measured in the axis of strap
126.96.36.199.4. In the tests referred to in Paragraphs 188.8.131.52.1.1. and 184.108.40.206.3. above, the amount of
strap extraction occurring before the retractor locks shall not exceed 50mm, starting
at the length of unwinding specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.1. below. In the test referred
to in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.2. above, locking shall not occur during the 50mm of strap
extraction starting at the length of unwinding specified in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1. below.
126.96.36.199.5. If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less
than 7N as measured in the free length between the dummy and the retractor as
prescribed in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. below. If the retractor is part of a chest restraint, the
retracting force of the strap shall be not less than 2N or more than 7N as similarly
measured. If the strap passes through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be
measured in the free length between the dummy and the guide or pulley. If the
assembly incorporates a device, manually or automatically operated, that prevents
the strap from being completely retracted, that device shall not be in operation when
these measurements are effected.
6.7.5. ISOFIX Attachment Specifications
"ISOFIX attachments" and latching indicators shall be capable of withstanding
repeated operations and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 7.1.3.
below, undergo a test comprising 2,000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal
conditions of use.
184.108.40.206. ISOFIX attachments and latching indicators shall be capable of withstanding repeated
operations and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 7.1.3. of this
Regulation, undergo a test comprising 2,000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under
normal conditions of use.
220.127.116.11. ISOFIX attachments shall have a locking mechanism which complies with the
requirements specified in (a) or (b) as follows:
Release of the locking mechanism of the complete seat, shall require two
consecutive actions, the first of which should be maintained while the second is
carried out; or
The ISOFIX attachment opening force shall be at least 50N when tested as
prescribed in Paragraph 7.2.8. below.
6.8.1. Child Restraint Systems may cover any size range provided that the requirements for
the whole range are fulfilled.
7.1. Tests of the Assembled Child Restraint System
18.104.22.168. The metal items of the Child Restraint System shall be positioned in a test chamber
as prescribed in Annex 4. In the case of a Child Restraint System incorporating a
retractor, the strap shall be unwound to full length less 100 ± 3mm. Except for short
interruptions that may be necessary, for example, to check and replenish the salt
solution, the exposure test shall proceed continuously for a period of 50 ± 0.5h.
22.214.171.124. On completion of the exposure test the metal items of the Child Restraint System
shall be gently washed, or dipped, in clean running water with a temperature not
higher than 38°C to remove any salt deposit that may have formed and then allowed
to dry at room temperature of 18°C to 25°C for 24 ± 1h before inspection in
accordance with Paragraph 126.96.36.199. above.
188.8.131.52. The manikin shall be equipped with either of the load application devices as
appropriate, as described in Annex 21 to this Regulation. Place the manikin in the
restraints installed in accordance with this Regulation and taking into account the
manufacturer's instructions and with the standard slack as specified in
Paragraph 184.108.40.206. below, applied for all systems identically.
220.127.116.11.1.4. When testing a rearward-facing Child Restraint System intended for use in the front
seating position, the vehicle facia shall be represented by a rigid bar attached to the
trolley in such a way that all the energy absorption takes place in the Child Restraint
18.104.22.168.1.5. Deceleration or Acceleration Devices
The applicant shall choose to use one of the two following devices:
22.214.171.124.1.5.1. Deceleration test device:
The deceleration of the trolley shall be achieved by using the apparatus prescribed in
Annex 6 to this Regulation or any other device giving equivalent results. This
apparatus shall be capable of the performance specified in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. and
For frontal impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, at the beginning of the test, its
velocity is 50 +0/-2km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 1.
For rear impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, at the beginning of the test, its
velocity is 30 +2/-0km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 2.
Tests performed at a higher speed and/or with an acceleration that exceeds the upper
boundary of the hatched area shall be considered satisfactory if the child restraint
system meets the performance requirements for the test.
Tests performed at a lower acceleration shall be considered satisfactory only if the
acceleration curve crosses the lower boundary of the hatched area for a cumulative
period of up to 3ms.
In fulfilling the above requirements, the Technical Service shall use a mass of trolley
(equipped with its seat), as specified in Paragraph 1. of Annex 6, greater than 380kg.
188.8.131.52.1.6.4. The parameters required to perform the injury assessment against the criteria as
mentioned in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.1. above for at least the first 300ms;
220.127.116.11.1.6.5. The trolley acceleration or deceleration for at least the first 300ms.
18.104.22.168.1.7. After impact, the Child Restraint System shall be inspected visually, without opening
the buckle, to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.
22.214.171.124.2. Rear impact
126.96.36.199.2.1. The test seat shall be rotated 180° when testing its compliance with the requirements
of the rear impact test.
188.8.131.52.2.2. When testing a rearward-facing child restraint intended for use in the front seating
position, the vehicle facia shall be represented by a rigid bar attached to the trolley in
such a way that all the energy absorption takes place in the child restraint.
184.108.40.206.2.3. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Annex 7, Appendix 2.
The acceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Annex 7, Appendix 2.
220.127.116.11.2.4. The measurements to be made shall be similar to those listed in
Paragraphs 18.104.22.168.1.4. to 22.214.171.124.1.5. above.
126.96.36.199.3. Lateral impact
188.8.131.52.3.1. The test bench shall be rotated 90° when testing in compliance with the requirements
of the lateral impact test.
184.108.40.206.3.2. The lower ISOFIX anchorages should be movable in the Y direction to avoid damage
of the attachments and test equipment. The ISOFIX anchorages shall be fixed to a
sliding system allowing a movement of 200mm - 0mm +50mm.
220.127.116.11.3.3. The lateral impact loading to the CRS shall be generated by a door panel as defined
in Annex 6, Appendix 3. The surface of the panel shall be covered with padding as
specified in Annex 6, Appendix 3.
18.104.22.168.3.4. The test rig shall reproduce a relative velocity between the door panel and the test
bench in compliance with Annex 7, Appendix 3. The maximum intrusion depth of the
door panel is defined in Annex 6, Appendix 3. The relative velocity between the door
panel and the test bench shall not be affected by contact with the CRS and shall
remain within the corridor defined in Annex 7, Appendix 3. In a test where the door is
stationary at time t0, the door shall be fixed and the dummy's ground velocity at
t0 shall be between 6.375m/s and 7.25m/s. In a test where the door is moving at t0,
the door's ground velocity shall remain within the corridor defined in Annex 7,
Appendix 3 at least until its intrusion reaches its maximum, and the dummy shall be
stationary at t0.
22.214.171.124.3.5. The CRS shall be tested in its most upright position.
126.96.36.199.3.6. At time t0 defined Annex 7, Appendix 3, the dummy shall be in its initial position as
defined in Paragraph 188.8.131.52.2.1. below.
184.108.40.206.2. For rear impact tests
220.127.116.11.2.1. The vehicle body shell shall be rotated 180° on the test trolley.
18.104.22.168.2.2. Same requirements as for frontal impact (Paragraphs 22.214.171.124.1.1. to 126.96.36.199.1.5.
above) shall apply.
188.8.131.52. When Testing with a Complete Vehicle
184.108.40.206.1. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 220.127.116.11.
18.104.22.168.2. For frontal impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 9 to this
22.214.171.124.3. For rear impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 10 to this
126.96.36.199.4. The following measurements shall be made:
188.8.131.52.4.1. The speed of the vehicle/impactor immediately before impact (only for deceleration
sleds, needed for stopping distance calculation);
184.108.40.206.4.2. Any contact of the dummy's head with the interior of the vehicle;
220.127.116.11.4.3. The parameters required to perform the injury assessment against the criteria as
mentioned in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1. above for at least the first 300ms.
22.214.171.124.5. The front seats, if adjustable for inclination, shall be locked as specified by the
manufacturer or, in the absence of any specification, at an actual seat-back angle as
near as possible to 25°.
126.96.36.199.6. After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the
buckle, to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.
The Child Restraint System centre line shall be aligned with the centre line of the test
The dummy shall be placed in the Child Restraint System separate from the seatback
of the chair by a flexible spacer. The spacer shall be 2.5cm thick and 6cm wide.
It shall have length equal to the shoulder height less the thigh height, both in the
sitting position and relevant to the dummy size being tested. The resulting height of
the spacer is listed in the table below for the different dummy sizes. The board should
follow as closely as possible the curvature of the chair and its lower end should be at
the height of the dummy's hip joint.
Height of spacer
Q0 Q1 Q1.5 Q3 Q6
Dimensions in mm
229 ± 2 237 ± 2 250 ± 2 270 ± 2 359 ± 2
Adjust the belt in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, but to a tension of
250 ± 25N above the adjuster force, with a deflection angle of the strap at the adjuster
of 45 ± 5°, or alternatively, the angle prescribed by the manufacturer.
The spacer shall then be removed and the dummy pushed towards to the seat back.
Distribute the slack evenly throughout the harness.
The longitudinal plane passing through the centre line of the dummy shall be set
midway between the two lower belt anchorages, however note shall also be taken of
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.3. above.
After installation, the dummy position shall be adjusted so that:
The dummy centre line and the Child Restraint System centre line shall be aligned
exactly with the centre line of the test bench.
The arms of the dummy shall be positioned symmetrically. Elbows shall be positioned
in such a way that the upper arms are closely aligned with the sternum.
Hands shall be positioned on the thighs.
Legs shall be positioned parallel to one another or at least symmetrically.
For lateral impact, positive measures shall be taken to ensure the stability of the
dummy is maintained until t0 and this shall be confirmed using video analysis. Any
means used to stabilise the dummy before t0 shall not influence the dummy
kinematics after t0.
Because the foam of the test bench seat cushion will compress after installation of the
Child Restraint System, the dynamic test shall be conducted no more than 10min
184.108.40.206.2. If the i-Size Child Restraint System uses a top tether, one test shall be carried out
with the smallest dummy with the shorter distance of the top tether (anchorage point
G1). A second test shall be carried out with the heavier dummy with the longer
distance of the top tether (anchorage point G2). Adjust the top tether to achieve a
tension load of 50 ± 5 N. For side lateral impact the ISOFIX child restraint shall be
tested with only the shorter distance of the top tether.
220.127.116.11.3. If the i-Size Child Restraint System uses a support-leg, as an anti-rotation device the
hereafter mentioned dynamic tests shall be carried out as follows:
The tests for frontal impact shall be conducted with the support-leg adjusted to
its maximum adjustment compatible with the positioning of the trolley floor pan.
The tests for rear impact shall be conducted with the worst case position
selected by the Technical Service. During the tests the support-leg shall be
supported by the trolley floor pan as described in Annex 6, Appendix 3,
In the case of support-legs out of the plane of symmetry, the worst case shall
be selected by the Technical Service for the test;
In the case of "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category, the support-leg shall be
adjusted as specified by the Child Restraint System manufacturer;
The leg length of a support-leg shall be adjustable in such a way that it is able
to cover the complete span of floor pan levels that are allowed for in
Regulation No. 16, Annex 17 for car seats to be approved for the installation
i-Size Child Restraints Systems.
18.104.22.168.4. The test specified in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.6.2. above is a requirement only for the
largest dummy for which the child restraint is designed.
7.2. Testing of Individual Components
126.96.36.199. Opening Test Under Load
188.8.131.52.1. A child restraint already having been subjected to the dynamic test specified in
Paragraph 7.1.3. above shall be used for this test.
184.108.40.206.2. The child restraint shall be removed from the test trolley or the vehicle without
opening the buckle. A tension of 200 ± 2N shall be applied to the buckle. If the buckle
is attached to a rigid part, the force shall be applied reproducing the angle formed
between the buckle and that rigid part during the dynamic test.
220.127.116.11.3. A load shall be applied at a speed of 400 ± 20mm/min to the geometric centre of the
buckle-release button along a fixed axis running parallel to the initial direction of
motion of the button; the geometric centre applies to that part of the surface of the
buckle to which the release pressure is to be applied. The buckle shall be secured
against a rigid support during the application of the opening force.
7.2.3. Microslip Test (see Annex 5, Figure 3)
18.104.22.168. The components or devices to be subjected to the microslip test shall be kept for a
minimum of 24h before testing in an atmosphere having a temperature of
20°C ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 65 ± 5%. The test shall be carried out at a
temperature between 15°C and 30°C.
22.214.171.124. The free end of the strap shall be arranged in the same configuration as when the
device is in use in the vehicle, and shall not be attached to any other part.
126.96.36.199. The adjusting device shall be placed on a vertical piece of strap one end of which
bears a load of 50 ± 0.5N (guided in a manner which prevents the load from swinging
and the strap from twisting). The free end of the strap from the adjusting device shall
be mounted vertically upwards or downwards as it is in the vehicle. The other end
shall pass over a deflector roller with its horizontal axis parallel to the plane of the
section of strap supporting the load, the section passing over the roller being
188.8.131.52. The device being tested shall be arranged in such a way that its centre, in the highest
position to which it can be raised, is 300 ± 5mm from a support table, and the load of
50N shall be 100 ± 5mm from that support table.
184.108.40.206. 20 ± 2 pre-test cycles shall then be completed and 1,000 ± 5 cycles shall then be
completed at a frequency of 30 ± 10 cycles per minute, the total amplitude being
300 ± 20mm or as specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.6.2. above. The 50N load shall be
applied only during the time corresponding to a shift of 100 ± 20mm for each half
period. Microslip shall be measured from the position at the end of the 20 pre-test
18.104.22.168. Retracting Force
22.214.171.124.1. The retracting forces shall be measured with the safety belt assembly, fitted to a
dummy as for the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 7.1.3. above. The strap
tension shall be measured at the point of contact with (but just clear of) the dummy
while the strap is being retracted at the approximate rate of 0.6m/min.
126.96.36.199. Durability of Retractor Mechanism
188.8.131.52.1. The strap shall be withdrawn and allowed to retract for the required number of cycles
at a rate of not more than 30 cycles per minute. In the case of emergency-locking
retractors, a jolt to lock the retractor shall be introduced at each fifth cycle. The jolts
occur in equal numbers at each of five different extractions, namely, 90, 80, 75, 70
and 65% of the total length of the strap on the retractor. However, where the length of
the strap exceeds 900mm the above percentage shall be related to the final 900mm
of strap which can be withdrawn from the retractor.
7.2.5. Static Test for Straps
184.108.40.206. Strap Strength Test
220.127.116.11.1. Each test shall be carried out on two new samples of strap, conditioned as specified
in Paragraph 6.7.4. of this Regulation
18.104.22.168.2. Each strap shall be gripped between the clamps of a tensile strength-testing machine.
The clamps shall be so designed as to avoid breakage of the strap at or near them.
The speed of traverse shall be 100 ± 20mm/min. The free length of the specimen
between the clamps of the machine at the start of the test shall be 200mm ± 40mm.
22.214.171.124.2.1. The tension shall be increased until the strap breaks and the breaking load noted.
126.96.36.199.3. If the strap slips or breaks at or within 10mm of either of the clamps, the test shall be
invalid and a new test shall be carried out on another specimen.
188.8.131.52. Samples out from straps, as referred to in Paragraph 3.2.3. of this Regulation, shall
be conditioned as follows:
184.108.40.206.1. Room conditioning
220.127.116.11.1.1. The strap shall be kept for 24 ± 1h in an atmosphere having a temperature of
23°C ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%. If the test is not carried out
immediately after conditioning, the specimen shall be placed in a hermetically closed
receptacle until the test begins. The breaking load shall be determined within five
minutes after removal of the strap from the conditioning atmosphere or from the
18.104.22.168.2. Light conditioning
22.214.171.124.2.1. The provisions of Recommendation ISO/105-B02 (1978), shall apply. The strap shall
be exposed to light for the time necessary to produce fading of Standard Blue
Dye No. 7 to a contrast equal to Grade 4 on the grey scale.
126.96.36.199.2.2. After exposure, the strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24h in an atmosphere having
a temperature of 23°C + 5°C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%. The breaking load
shall be determined within five minutes after the removal of the strap from the
188.8.131.52.3. Cold conditioning
184.108.40.206.3.1. The strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24h in an atmosphere having a temperature
of 23°C ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%.
220.127.116.11.3.2. The strap shall then be kept for 90 ± 5min on a plain surface in a low-temperature
chamber in which the air temperature is -30°C ± 5°C. It shall then be folded and the
fold shall be loaded with a weight of 2 ± 0.2kg previously cooled to -30°C ± 5°C.
When the strap has been kept under load for 30 ± 5min in the same
low-temperature chamber, the weight shall be removed and the breaking load shall
be measured within five minutes after removal of the strap from the low-temperature
7.2.6. Conditioning Test for Adjusters Mounted Directly on a Child Restraint
7.2.7. Temperature Test
Install the largest dummy for which the restraint is intended, as if for the dynamic test,
including the standard slack as specified in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. above. Mark a
reference line on the webbing where the free end of the webbing enters the adjuster.
Remove the dummy and place the restraint in the conditioning rig shown in Figure 1,
The webbing shall be cycled for a total distance of not less than 150mm through the
adjuster. This movement shall be such that at least 100mm of webbing on the side of
the reference line towards the free end of the webbing and the remainder of the
moving distance (approx. 50mm) on the integral harness side of the reference line
moves through the adjuster.
If the length of webbing from the reference line to the free end of the webbing is
insufficient for the movement described above, the 150mm of movement through the
adjuster shall be from the fully extended harness position.
The frequency of cycling shall be 10 ± 1 cycles/minute, with a velocity on "B" of
150 ± 10mm/s.
22.214.171.124. The components specified in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. above shall be exposed to an
environment over a water surface within a closed space, the environment having a
temperature of not less than 80°C, for a continuous period of not less than 24h and
then cooled in an environment having a temperature not exceeding 23°C. The cooling
period shall immediately be followed by three consecutive 24 hour cycles with each
cycle comprising the following consecutive sequences:
An environment having a temperature of not less than 100°C shall be
maintained for a continuous period of 6h and this environment shall be attained
within 80min of commencement of the cycle; then
An environment having a temperature of not more than 0°C shall be maintained
for a continuous period of 6h and this environment shall be attained within
An environment having a temperature of not more than 23°C shall be
maintained during the remainder of the 24h/cycle.
7.2.8. The complete seat, or the component fitted with ISOFIX attachments (e.g. ISOFIX
base) if it has a release button, is attached rigidly to a test rig in such a way that
ISOFIX connectors are vertically aligned as shown in Figure 3. A 6mm diameter bar,
350mm long, shall be attached to the ISOFIX connectors. A mass of 5kg shall be
attached to the extremities of the bar.
188.8.131.52. An opening force shall be applied to the release button or handle along a fixed axis
running parallel to the initial direction of motion of the button/handle; the geometric
centre applies to that part of the surface of the ISOFIX attachment to which the
release pressure is to be applied.
7.4. Registration of Dynamic Behaviour
7.4.1. In order to determine the behaviour of the dummy and its displacements, all dynamic
tests shall be registered according to the following conditions:
184.108.40.206. Filming and Recording Conditions:
The frequency shall be at least 1,000 frames per second;
The test shall be recorded on video or digital data carrier over at least the first
220.127.116.11. Estimation of Uncertainty:
Testing laboratories shall have and shall apply procedures for estimating uncertainty
of measurement of the displacement of the dummy’s head. The uncertainty shall be
Examples of international standards of such procedure are EA–4/02 of the European
Accreditation Organization or ISO 5725 : 1994 or the General Uncertainty
Measurement (GUM) method.
7.5. The measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the latest version of
ISO 6487. The channel frequency class shall be:
Type of measurement CFC(F ) Cut-off frequency (F )
Trolley acceleration 600 see ISO 6487Annex A
Belt loads 600 see ISO 6487Annex A
Chest acceleration 600 see ISO 6487Annex A
Head acceleration 1,000 1,650Hz
Upper neck force 600
Upper neck moment 600
Chest deflection 600
The sampling rate should be a minimum of 10 times the channel frequency class
(i.e. in installations with channel frequency class of 1,000, this corresponds to a
minimum sampling rate of 10,000 samples per second per channel).
9.2. Qualifying the Production of Child Restraint Systems
The production of each new approved type of Child Restraint System categories
i-Size and specific to vehicle shall be subjected to production qualification tests.
Additional qualifications of production may be prescribed following Paragraph 11.1.3.
For this purpose, a random sample of five Child Restraint Systems will be taken from
the first production batch.
The first production batch is considered to be the production of the first block
containing a minimum of 50 Child Restraint Systems and a maximum of 5,000 Child
9.2.1. Dynamic Tests for Frontal and Rear Impact
18.104.22.168. Five Child Restraint Systems shall be subjected to the dynamic test described in
Paragraph 7.1.3. above. The Technical Service that conducted the type approval
tests shall choose the conditions that produced the maximum horizontal head
excursion during the type approval dynamic tests, excluding the conditions described
in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.6.2. above. All the five Child Restraint Systems shall be tested
under the same conditions.
126.96.36.199. For each test described in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. above, the injury criteria described in
Paragraph 184.108.40.206.1. above; and
For forward facing the head excursion described in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.1.1. above;
For rearward facing and carrycots the head exposure described in
Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.2.1. above and head excursion described in 22.214.171.124.1.2.2. above;
Shall be measured.
126.96.36.199. The maximum head excursion results shall comply with the following two conditions:
188.8.131.52.1. No value shall exceed 1.05L, and
X + S shall not exceed L
L = the limit value prescribed
X = the mean of the values
S = the standard deviation of the values.
184.108.40.206.2. The injury criteria results shall comply with the requirements of Paragraph 220.127.116.11.1.
above and, in addition, the X + S condition in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1. above shall be
applied to the 3ms clipped injury criteria results (as defined in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1.
above) and recorded for information only.
11.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated
by the procedure specified in Paragraph 5.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement
applying this Regulation.
11.3. The Type Approval Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series
number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the
1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form
conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
12. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
12.1. The approval granted in respect of a Child Restraint System pursuant to this
Regulation may be withdrawn if a Child Restraint System bearing the particulars
referred to in Paragraph 5.4. of this Regulation fails to pass the random checks
described in Paragraph 9. above or does not conform to the type approved.
12.2. If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties
applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model
in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
13. PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
13.1. If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a specific type of Child
Restraint System under this Regulation, he shall inform thereof the Type Approval
Authority which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication,
that Type Approval Authority shall inform the other Parties to the Agreement which
apply this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in
Annex 1 to this Regulation.
14. INFORMATION FOR USERS
14.1. Each Child Restraint System shall be accompanied by instructions in the language of
the country where the device is sold with the following content:
14.2. Instructions on installation shall include the following points:
14.2.1. For "i-Size" category Child Restraint Systems the following label shall be clearly
visible on the exterior of the packing:
This is an "i-Size" Child Restraint System. It is approved to Regulation No.129, for
use in, "i-Size compatible" vehicle seating positions as indicated by vehicle
manufacturers in the vehicle users’ manual.
If in doubt, consult either the child restraint manufacturer or the retailer.
14.2.2. For "Specific vehicle ISOFIX" category Child Restraint Systems information on the
applicable vehicle shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the
child restraint from its packing;
14.3.7. It shall be recommended that the device should be replaced when it has been subject
to violent stresses in an accident;
14.3.8. Instructions for cleaning shall be given;
14.3.9. A general warning shall be given to the user concerning the danger of making any
alterations or additions to the device without the approval of the Type Approval
Authority, and a danger of not following closely the installation instructions provided
by the child restraint manufacturer;
14.3.10. When the chair is not provided with a textile cover, it shall be recommended that the
chair should be kept away from sunlight, otherwise it may be too hot for the child's
14.3.11. It shall be recommended that children are not left in their Child Restraint System
14.3.12. It shall be recommended that any luggage or other objects liable to cause injuries in
the event of a collision shall be properly secured.
14.3.13. It shall be recommended that:
126.96.36.199. The Child Restraint System shall not be used without the cover;
188.8.131.52. The Child Restraint System cover should not be replaced with any other than the one
recommended by the manufacturer, because the cover constitutes an integral part of
the restraint performance.
14.3.14. There shall be provisions made so that the instructions can be retained on the child
restraint for its life period or in the vehicle handbook in the case of built-in restraints.
14.3.15. For an "i-Size Child Restraint System", the user shall also be referred to the vehicle
15. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES
The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the
United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which
grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or
withdrawal of approval, or production definitively discontinued, issued in other
countries, are to be sent.
7. Submitted for approval on ..............................................................................................................
8. Technical Service conducting approval tests .................................................................................
9. Type of device: deceleration/acceleration
10. Date of test report issued by that Service ......................................................................................
11. Number of test report issued by that Service .................................................................................
12. Approval granted/extended/refused/withdrawn for size range × to × for i-Size specific vehicle
or for use as a "special needs restraint", position in vehicle
13. Position and nature of the marking ................................................................................................
14. Place ..............................................................................................................................................
15. Date ................................................................................................................................................
16. Signature ........................................................................................................................................
17. The following documents, bearing the approval number shown above, are attached to this
Drawings, diagrams and plans of the child restraint, including any retractor, chair
assembly, impact shield fitted;
Drawings, diagrams and plans of the vehicle structure and the seat structure, as well as
of the adjustment system and the attachments, including any energy absorber fitted;
Photographs of the child restraint and/or vehicle structure and seat structure;
Instructions for fitting and use;
List of vehicle models for which the restraint is intended.
ARRANGEMENT OF APPARATUS FOR DUST RESISTANCE TEST
valve and filter
5. CONDITIONS IN THE MIST CHAMBER
5.1. The exposure zone of the mist chamber shall be maintained at 35°C ± 5°C. At least two clean
mist collectors shall be placed within the exposure zone, so that no drops of solution from the
test samples or any other sources are collected. The collectors shall be placed near the test
samples, one as near as possible to any nozzle and one as far as possible from all nozzles. The
mist shall be such that, for each 80cm of horizontal collecting area, from 1.0 to 2.0ml of solution
per hour, when measured over an average of at least 16h, is collected in each collector.
5.2. The nozzle or nozzles shall be directed or baffled, so that the spray does not impinge directly on
the test samples.
Procedure Type 2
DESCRIPTION OF TROLLEY
1.1. For tests on child restraints, the trolley, carrying the seat only, shall have a mass greater than
380kg. For tests on Child Restraint Systems in the "Specific vehicle’ ISOFIX" category, the
trolley with the attached vehicle structure shall have a mass greater than 800kg.
2. CALIBRATION SCREEN
2.1. A calibration screen shall be attached firmly to the trolley with a movement limit line plainly
marked on it to enable compliance with forward movement criteria to be determined from
3. TEST BENCH
3.1. The test bench shall be constructed as follows:
3.1.1. A rigid back, fixed, dimensions of which are given in Appendix 1 to this annex;
3.1.2. Rigid seating, dimensions of which are given in Appendix 1 to this annex. The rear part of the
seating is made from a rigid sheet metal. The front part of the seating is also made of a 20mm
3.1.3. For access to the ISOFIX anchorage system, openings shall be made at the rear of the test
bench seat cushion, as prescribed in Appendix 1 to this annex;
3.1.4. The width of the test bench shall be 800mm;
3.1.5. The back and the seating shall be covered with polyurethane foam, the characteristics of which
are given in Table 1. The dimensions of the cushion are given in Appendix 1 to this annex;
Standard Value Unit
Density EN ISO 845 68-74 kg/m
Compression resistance EN ISO 3386/1 (40% compression) 13 kPa
Indentation Load Deflection (ILD) EN ISO 2439B (40% compression) 500 (+/15%) N
Tensile strength EN ISO 1798 ≥150 kPa
Ultimate elongation EN ISO 1798 ≥120 %
Compression set EN ISO 1856 (22h/50%/70°C ) ≤3 %
184.108.40.206. The flexible glue has to dry for at least 12h.
220.127.116.11. The test bench seat-back cushion is covered in exactly the same way as the test bench seat
cushion, only the lines on the cover material (1,250 × 850mm) are drawn 333mm apart from the
centreline of the material.
3.1.8. Line Cr is coincident with the intersection line between the top plane of the test bench seat
cushion and the front plane of the test bench seat-back cushion.
3.2. Test of Rearward-facing devices
3.2.1. A special frame shall be fitted on the trolley in order to support the child restraint system as
shown in Figure 1.
3.2.2. A steel tube shall be attached firmly to the trolley in such a way that a load of 5,000 ± 50N
applied horizontally to the centre of the tube does not cause a movement greater than 2mm.
3.2.3. The dimensions of the tube shall be: 500 × 100 × 90mm.
3.3. Trolley Floor Pan
Dimension in mm
Arrangements for Testing a Rearward–facing Device
3.3.1. The floor pan of the trolley shall be constructed of a flat sheet of metal of uniform thickness and
material, see Figure 2 of Appendix 3 to this annex.
18.104.22.168. The floor pan shall be rigidly mounted on the trolley. The height of the floor pan relative to the
Cr axis projection point, dimension in Appendix 2 to this Annex, Figure 2, shall be adjusted to
meet the requirements of Paragraph 22.214.171.124.3. of this Regulation.
126.96.36.199. The floor pan shall be designed so that the surface hardness should not be below 120HB,
according to EN ISO 6506-1 : 1999.
Characteristics of the Absorbing Material "A"
(ASTM Method 2000 (1980) unless otherwise stated)
Shore hardness A:
88 ± 2 at 20°C ± 5°C temperature
Minimum elongation: Ao ≥400%
Module at 100% elongation:
Module at 300% elongation:
Low temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736): 5h at –55°C
Compression set (Method B): 22h at 70°C ≤45%
Density at 25°C: 1.08 to 1.12
Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573 (1981)):
70h at 100°C: Shore hardness: maximum variation ±3
Breaking strength: decrease <10% of R
Elongation: decrease <10% of A
Weight: decrease <1%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) Oil No. 1):
70h at 100°C : Shore hardness: maximum variation ±4
Breaking strength: decrease <15% of R
Elongation: decrease <10% of A
Volume: swelling <5%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) Oil No. 3):
70h at 100°C:
Breaking strength: decrease <15% of R
Elongation: decrease <15% of A
Volume: swelling <20%
Immersion in distilled water:
1 week at 70°C: Breaking strength: decrease <35% of R
Elongation: increase <20% of A
ANNEX 6 – APPENDIX 1
Dimensions of thee Seat and the Seat Cushions
Dimensions of the Cover Material (Dimensions in mm)
Side View – Bench with Anchorages (Tolerance General: ±2)
Door Panel Approximate Maximum Intrusion – Side View (for Information)
2. PANEL PADDING SPECIFICATION
The door panel is padded with 55mm padding material (Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 1), which
has to comply with the performance criteria as described in Appendix 3 to this Regulation,
Paragraph 2.3. realised in a test set up as described in Appendix 3 to this Regulation,
2.2. Test Procedure for the Assessment of Panel Padding Material
The test set up consists of a simple drop test using a spherical head form. The spherical head
form has a diameter of 150mm and a mass of 6kg (±0.1kg). The impact speed is 4m/s
(±0.1m/s). The instrumentation should allow the assessment of the time of first contact between
the impactor and the sample as well as the head form acceleration at least in direction of
The material sample should have the dimensions of 400 × 400mm. The sample should be
impacted in its centre.
2.3. Performance Criteria for the Padding Material
The time of first contact between sample material and head form (t0) is 0ms.
The impactor acceleration shall not exceed 58g.
CURVE OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION, AS FUNCTION OF TIME
In all cases the calibration and measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the
International Standard ISO 6487; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification of a
data channel with a channel frequency class (CFC) 60.
ANNEX 7 - APPENDIX 2
Curves of trolley's deceleration or acceleration, as function off time
– Test Pulse 2
Definition of the different curves
ANNEX 7 – APPENDIX 4
1. DOOR PANEL DEFINITION
The door panel geometry shall be in line with the bench definition.
Drawing to describe the door will be proposed in line with the NPACS bench.
2. PANEL PADDING SPECIFICATION
The impacting surface of the door panel shall be entirely covered with a padding material
55mm in thickness. The material shall comply with the performance criteria specified in
Paragraph 2.3. of this Appendix when tested in accordance with Paragraph 2.2. of this
A material combination that has been found to meet these requirements is detailed in
Paragraph 2.4. of this appendix.
2.2. Test Procedure for the Assessment of Panel Padding Material
The test set up consists of a simple drop test using a spherical head form. The spherical head
form has a diameter of 150mm and a mass of 6kg (±0.1kg). The impact speed is 4m/s
(±0.1m/s). The instrumentation should allow the assessment of the time of first contact between
the impactor and the sample as well as the head form acceleration at least in direction of
The material sample should have the dimensions of 400 × 400mm. The sample should be
impacted in its centre.
DESCRIPTION OF DUMMIES
1.1. The dummies prescribed in this Regulation are described in this annex, in technical drawings
held by Humanetics Innovative Solutions Inc. and in the user manuals delivered with the
1.2. Alternative dummies may be used provided that:
1.2.1. Their equivalence can be demonstrated to the satisfaction of the Type Approval Authority, and
1.2.2. Their use is recorded in the test report, and in the communication form described in Annex 1 to
2. DESCRIPTION OF THE DUMMIES
2.1. The dimensions and masses of the Q0, Q1, Q1.5, Q3, Q6 and Q10 dummies described below
are based on the anthropometry of 50 percentile children aged 0, 1, 1.5, 3, 6 and 10.5 years
2.2. The dummies consist of a metal and plastic skeleton covered with plastic skinned foam parts to
complete body components.
The head is largely made from synthetics. The head cavity is large enough to allow use of
several instruments, including linear accelerometers and angular velocity sensors.
The neck is flexible and allows shear and bending in all directions. The segmented design
allows a realistic rotational behaviour. The neck is equipped with low stretch neck-cord in order
to prevent excessive elongation. The neck-cord is also designed to act as a safety cord in case
of rubber failure. A six channel load cell can be mounted at the neck-head and neck-torso
interface. The Q0, Q1 and Q1.5 cannot accommodate the load cell between neck and torso.
The thorax of the child is represented by a single rib-cage. The deformation can be measured
with a string potentiometer in Q1 and Q1.5 and an IR-TRACC sensors in Q3, Q6 and Q10. The
shoulders are connected with a flexible joint to the thorax, allowing deformation forwards.
3.4. Accelerometers can be mounted on the spine to measure linear accelerations. The Q0 thorax
has a simplified layout with an integral foam part for the complete torso.
4. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Q-Dummy Mass Distributions
Q0 Q1 Q1.5 Q3 Q6
Mass in [kg]
Head + Neck (incl. acc.
Torso (incl. acc. mount and
chest deflection sensor)
1.10 ± 0.10 2.41 ± 0.10 2.80 ± 0.10 3.17 ± 0.10 3.94 ± 0.10 4.19
1.50 ± 0.15
4.21 ± 0.25
4.74 ± 0.25
6.00 ± 0.30
9.07 ± 0.40
0.58 ± 0.06
1.82 ± 0.20
2.06 ± 0.20
3.54 ± 0.10
6.90 ± 0.10
0.28 ± 0.03
0.89 ± 0.20
1.20 ± 0.20
1.48 ± 0.10
2.49 ± 0.10
0.27 ± 0.05
0.27 ± 0.05
0.30 ± 0.05
0.40 ± 0.10
0.55 ± 0.10
3.73 ± 0.39
9.6 ± 0.80
11.10 ± 0.80
14.59 ± 0.70
22.95 ± 0.80
No. Q0 Q1 Q1.5 Q3 Q6
Dimensions in mm
Seating height (head tilted forward)
355 ± 9
479 ± 9
499 ± 9
544 ± 9
601 ± 9
<748 ± 9
Shoulder height (sitting)
225 ± 7
298 ± 7
309 ± 7
329 ± 7
362 ± 7
473 ± 7
Stature (head tilted forward)
740 ± 9
800 ± 9
985 ± 9
1143 ± 9 <1443 ± 9
114 ± 5
113 ± 5
146 ± 5
141 ± 5
171 ± 5
230 ± 7
227 ± 7
227 ± 7
259 ± 7
305 ± 7
338 ± 7
191 ± 7
194 ± 7
200 ± 7
223 ± 7
270 ± 7
Back of buttocks to front of knees
130 ± 5
211 ± 5
235 ± 5
305 ± 5
366 ± 5
488 ± 5
Back of buttocks to popliteus
161 ± 5
185 ± 5
253 ± 5
299 ± 5
418 ± 5
Thigh height, sitting
Height of spacer device for positioning of
229 ± 2 237 ± 2 250 ± 2 270 ± 2 359 ± 2
1. Adjustments of Joints
Joints should be adjusted according to procedures included in the Q-dummy manuals.
Instrumentation in the Q family of dummies shall be installed and calibrated according to
procedures contained in the Q-dummy manuals.
1.5. Impact Velocity
The impact velocity shall be 50 +0/-2km/h. However, if the test has been carried out at a higher
impact velocity and the vehicle has satisfied the conditions prescribed, the test is considered
1.6. Measuring Instruments
The instrument used to record the speed referred to in Paragraph 1.5. above shall be accurate
1.5. Special Provisions Applicable where a Pendulum is Used
1.5.1. The distance between the centre of the impacting surface and the axis of rotation of the
pendulum shall be not less than 5m.
1.5.2. The impactor shall be freely suspended by rigid arms, rigidly secured to it. The pendulum so
constituted shall be substantially incapable of being deformed by the impact.
1.5.3. A stopping device shall be incorporated in the pendulum to prevent any secondary impact by
the impactor on the test vehicle.
1.5.4. At the moment of impact, the velocity of the centre of percussion of the pendulum shall be
between 30 and 32km/h.
1.5.5. The reduced mass "m " at the centre of percussion of the pendulum is defined as a function of
the total mass "m", of the distance "a" between the centre of percussion and the axis of
rotation, and of the distance "1" between the centre of gravity and the axis of rotation, by the
m • m ×
1.5.6. The reduced mass "m " shall be 1,100 ± 20kg.
1.6. General Provisions Relating to the Mass and Velocity of the Impactor
If the test has been conducted at an impact velocity higher than those prescribed in
Paragraph 1.5.4. above and/or with a mass greater than those prescribed in Paragraphs 1.5.3.
or 1.5.6. above, and the vehicle has met the requirements prescribed, the test shall be
1.7. State of the Vehicle During the Test
The vehicle being tested shall either be fitted with all the normal components and equipment
included in its unladen service weight or be in such condition as to fulfil this requirement in so
far as the distribution of the service weight of the vehicle as a whole is concerned.
1.8. The complete vehicle with the Child Restraint System installed in accordance with the fitting
instructions shall be placed on a hard, flat and level surface, with the handbrake off and in
neutral gear. More than one Child restraint system may be tested in the same impact test.
m = m ×
0. Or an equivalent standard to this one with the permissible exclusion of the requirements
related to the concepts of design and development; Point 7.3. of ISO 9002 : 2000
"Customer satisfaction and continual improvement"
1. These tests shall be done by Technical Services
2. Visit to the manufacturer for inspection and random sampling by the Type Approval
Authority or Technical Service
If there is no ISO 9002 : 2000: 2 times a year;
If there is an ISO 9002 : 2000: 1 time a year.
3. Tests in accordance with Annex 13
(a) If there is no ISO 9002 : 2000:
Of the Type Approval Authority or Technical Service during the visit of
Footnote 2a above;
Of the manufacturer between the visits of Footnote 2b above;
If there is an ISO 9002 : 2000: taken by the manufacturer, procedure checked
during visit of Footnote 2b above.
2. TEST FREQUENCY AND RESULTS
2.1. The frequency of testing to the requirements of Paragraphs 1.1. to 1.5. and 1.7. above shall be
on a statistically controlled and random basis in accordance with one of the regular quality
assurance procedure, and shall be conducted at least once per year.
2.2. Minimum conditions for the control of conformity of Child Restraint Systems of categories
"Universal", "Semi Universal" and "Restricted", in relation to the dynamic tests according to
Paragraph 1.6. above.
In accordance with the relevant authorities, the holder of an approval will supervise the control
of conformity following the method of batch control (Paragraph 2.2.1. below) or following the
method of continuous control (Paragraph 2.2.2. below).
2.2.1. Batch Control for the Child Restraint Systems
188.8.131.52. The holder of an approval shall divide the Child Restraint Systems into batches which are as
uniform as possible in regard to raw material or intermediate products involved in their
manufacture (different colour of shell, different manufacture of harness) and in regard to
production conditions. The numbers in a batch shall not exceed 5,000 units.
In agreement with the relevant authorities the tests can be carried out by the Technical Service
or under the responsibility of the holder of an approval.
184.108.40.206. A sample shall be taken in each batch in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 220.127.116.11.
below from a minimum of 20% of the batch quantity, which has to be produced of the actual
18.104.22.168. The characteristics of the Child Restraint Systems and the number of dynamic tests to be
conducted are given in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. below
2.2.2. Continuous Control
126.96.36.199. The holder of an approval shall be obliged to carry out continuous quality control of his
manufacturing process on a statistical basis and by sampling. In agreement with the relevant
authorities, the tests can be carried out by the Technical Service or under the responsibility of
the holder of an approval which is responsible for the traceability of the product.
188.8.131.52. The samples shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 184.108.40.206. below.
220.127.116.11. The characteristic of the Child Restraint Systems is taken at random and the tests to be carried
out are described in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. below.
22.214.171.124. Control shall meet the following requirements:
Child Restraint Systems taken
0.02% means one Child Restraint System taken from every 5,000
0.05% means one Child Restraint System taken from every 2,000
Degree of control rigour
This dual sampling plan functions as follows:
If the Child Restraint System is considered to conform, the production conforms.
If the Child Restraint System does not meet the requirements, a second Child Restraint System
shall be taken.
If the second Child Restraint System meets the requirements, the production conforms.
If both (the first and the second) Child Restraint Systems do not meet the requirements, the
production does not conform and Child Restraint Systems that are likely to present the same
failure shall be withdrawn and necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of
Strengthened control will replace normal control if, out of 10,000 Child Restraint Systems
manufactured consecutively, the production has to be withdrawn twice.
Normal control is resumed if 10,000 Child Restraint Systems manufactured consecutively are
considered to conform.
If production subjected to the strengthened control has been withdrawn on two consecutive
occasions, the provisions of Paragraph 13. of this Regulation are applied.
126.96.36.199. The continuous control of Child Restraint Systems is undertaken starting after the production
188.8.131.52. The test results described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. above shall not exceed L, where L is the limit
value prescribed for each approval test.
TEST OF ENERGY ABSORBING MATERIAL
1.1. The headform shall consist of a solid wooden hemisphere with an added smaller spherical
segment as shown in Figure A below. It shall be constructed so that it can be dropped freely
along the axis marked and it shall have provision for mounting an accelerometer in order to
measure the acceleration along the direction of fall.
1.2. The headform shall have a total mass, including the accelerometer of 2.75 ± 0.05kg.
The acceleration shall be recorded during the test, using equipment in accordance with channel
frequency class 1000 as specified in the latest version of ISO 6487.
METHOD OF DEFINING HEAD IMPACT AREA OF DEVICES WITH BACKRESTS AND
FOR REARWARD-FACING DEVICES DEFINING THE MINIMUM SIZE OF SIDE WINGS
1. Place the device on the test bench described in Annex 6. Reclinable devices shall be set in the
most upright position. Place the smallest manikin in the device in accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions. Mark a point "A" on the backrest on the same horizontal level as
the shoulder of the smallest manikin at a point 2cm inside the outer edge of the arm. All internal
surfaces above the horizontal plane passing through point A, shall be tested in accordance with
Annex 17. This area shall include the backrest and side wings, including the inner edges
(zone of radius) of the side wings. In the case of carrycot devices where a symmetrical
installation of the dummy is not possible according to the device and manufacturer instructions,
the area complying with Annex 17 shall be all internal surfaces above a point "A", as previously
defined, in the head direction, when measured with this dummy in the carrycot in its worst
position consistent with the manufacturer instructions and the carrycot positioned on the test
If a symmetrical installation of the dummy in the carry-cot may be possible, the whole inner
surfaces shall be covered with material complying with Annex 13.
2. For rearward-facing devices there shall be side wings with a depth of minimum 90mm
measured from the median of the surface of the backrest. These side wings shall start at the
horizontal plane passing through point "A" and continue to the top of the Child Restraint
System seat-back. Starting from a point 90mm below the top of the Child Restraint System
seat-back, the depth of the side wing may be gradually reduced.
TYPICAL BUCKLE STRENGTH TEST DEVICE
ø 300 ± 1
3 or 5
ø 300 ± 1
dimensions in mm
a = surface at A:
GEOMETRICAL DIMENSIONS OF I-SIZE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
Sitting height cm
Shoulder breadth cm
Hip breadth cm
Shoulder height cm
3D View of the Measuring Device
3D View of the Support Leg Dimension Assessment Volume
Drawing not to scale.
3D View of the Support Leg Foot Assessment Volume
1. Drawing not to scale.
LOAD APPLICATION DEVICES
Load application device I
(+ +/- 5mm)
Main belt (A)
Hip belt (B)
Lower dimension (C)
Mid dimension (D)
39mm +/- 1mm
1mm +/- 0.1mmm 5,5 – 6.5%
12 x 12mm
30 x 12mm
30 x 17mm
30 x 30mm
Min. required force
all belt radius = 5mm
FLAMMABILITY OF MATERIALS INTENDED TO BE USED IN BUILT-IN
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
ʺOccupant compartment air spaceʺ means the space within the occupant compartment that
normally contains refreshable air.
2. MATERIAL SELECTION (see Figure 1 below)
2.1. Any portion of a single or composite material which is within 13mm of the occupant
compartment air space shall meet the requirements in Paragraph 6.1.6.
2.1.1. Any material that does not adhere to other material(s) at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6.when tested separately.
2.1.2. Any material that adheres to other materials at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6. when tested as a composite with the other material(s).
Material A has a non-adhering interface with Material B and is tested separately.
Part of material B is within 13mm of the occupant compartment air space, and Materials B
and C adhere at every point of contact; therefore, B and C are tested as a composite.
The cut is in Material C as shown in Figure 1, to make a specimen 13mm thick.
4.3. Material with a napped or tufted surface is placed on a flat surface and combed twice against
the nap with a comb having seven to eight smooth, rounded teeth per 25mm.
5.1. Mount the specimen so that both sides and one end are held by the U-shaped frame, and
specimen is not more than 51mm, so that the sides of the specimen cannot be held in the
U-shaped frame, place the specimen in position on wire supports as described in 2.3, with one
end held by the closed end of the U-shaped frame.
5.2. Place the mounted specimen in a horizontal position, in the centre of the cabinet.
5.3. With the flame adjusted according to 2.4, position the bunsen burner and specimen so that the
centre of the burner tip is 19mm below the centre of the bottom edge of the open end of the
5.4. Expose the specimen to the flame for 15s.
5.5. Begin timing (without reference to the period of application of the burner flame) when the flame
from the burning specimen reaches a Point 38mm from the open end of the specimen.
5.6. Measure the time that it takes the flame to progress to a Point 38mm from the clamped end of
the specimen. If the flame does not reach the specified end point, time its progress to the point
where flaming stops.
5.7. Calculate the burn rate from the formula:
B = 60 × (D/T)
B = Burn rate in millimetres per minute
D = Length the flame travels in millimetres, and
T = Time in seconds for the flame to travel D millimetres.
All dimensions in millimeters (mm)