Regulation No. 14-06
|Name:||Regulation No. 14-06|
|Description:||Safety Belt Anchorages, ISOFIX Anchorages Systems and ISOFIX Top Tether Anchorages.|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Vehicles with Regard to Safety Belt Anchorages, ISOFIX Anchorages Systems and ISOFIX Top Tether Anchorages.|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||1970-04-01|
|Amendment Level:||06 Series, Corrigendum 1, Revision 4|
|Number of Pages:||66|
|Vehicle Types:||Bus, Car, Heavy Truck, Light Truck|
|Subject Categories:||Prior Versions|
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January 31, 2012
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO SAFETY-BELT ANCHORAGES, ISOFIX
ANCHORAGES SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX TOP TETHER ANCHORAGES
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 29.01.92
Corr. 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Corr. 2 to the 02 series of amendments
Corr. 3 to the 02 series of amendments
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.01.98
Corr. 1 to the 04 series of amendments
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.02.99
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.12.00
Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.09.01
Corr. 1 to Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Corr. 1 to Revision 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Supplement 3 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 31.01.03
Supplement 4 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 16.07.03
Corr. 1 to Supplement 4 to the 05 series of amendments
Supplement 5 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.08.04
06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.02.04
Corr. 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.05
Corr. 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Corr. 1 to Revision 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Corr. 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.01.06
Corr. 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Corr. 1 to Revision 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Supplement 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 11.06.07
Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.02.09
Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.07.09
REGULATION NO. 14
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO
SAFETY-BELT ANCHORAGES, ISOFIX ANCHORAGES SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX TOP TETHER
3. Application for approval
7. Inspection during and after the static tests for safety belt anchorages
8. Modifications and extension of approval of the vehicle type
9. Conformity of production
10. Penalties for non-conformity of production
11. Operating instructions
12. Production definitely discontinued
13. Names and addresses of technical services conducting approval tests, and of administrative
14. Transitional provisions
REGULATION NO. 14
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO
SAFETY-BELT ANCHORAGES, ISOFIX ANCHORAGES SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX TOP TETHER
This Regulation applies to
(a) Vehicles of Categories M and N with regard to their anchorages for safety-belts
intended for adult occupants of forward-facing or rearward-facing seats.
Vehicles of Category M with regard to their ISOFIX anchorage systems and their
ISOFIX top tether anchorages intended for child restraint systems. Other categories of
vehicles fitted with ISOFIX anchorages have also to comply with the provisions of this
For the purposes of this Regulation,
2.1. "approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type equipped with anchorages for
given types of safety-belts;
2.2. "vehicle type" means a category of power-driven vehicles which do not differ in such
essential respects as the dimensions, lines and materials of components of the vehicle
structure or seat structure to which the safety-belts anchorages and the ISOFIX anchorages
systems and ISOFIX top tether anchorages if any are attached and, if the anchorages
strength is tested according to the dynamic test, the characteristics of any component of the
restraint system, especially the load limiter function, having an influence on the forces
applying to the safety-belt anchorages.
2.3. "belt anchorages" means the parts of the vehicle structure or the seat structure or any other
part of the vehicle to which the safety-belt assemblies are to be secured.
2.4. "effective belt anchorage" means the point used to determine conventionally, as specified
in Paragraph 5.4, the angle of each part of the safety-belt in relation to the wearer, that is, the
point to which a strap would need to be attached to provide the same lie as the intended lie of
the belt when worn, and which may or may not be the actual belt anchorage depending on the
configuration of the safety-belt hardware at its attachment to the belt anchorage.
2.13. "displacement system" means a device enabling the seat or one of its parts to be displaced
or rotated without a fixed intermediate position, to permit easy access to the space behind the
2.14. "locking system" means any device ensuring that the seat and its parts are maintained in
any position of use and includes devices to lock both the seat back relative to the seat and
the seat relative to the vehicle.
2.15. "Reference zone" means the space between two vertical longitudinal planes, 400 mm apart
and symmetrical with respect to the H-Point, and defined by rotation from vertical to horizontal
of the head-form apparatus, as described in Regulation No. 21 Annex 1. The apparatus shall
be positioned as described in that Annex to Regulation No. 21 and set to the maximum length
of 840 mm.
2.16. Thorax load limiter function means any part of the safety-belt and/or the seat and/or the
vehicle intended to limit the level of the restraint forces applying to the occupant thorax in
case of a collision.
2.17. "ISOFIX" is a system for the connection of child restraint systems to vehicles which has two
vehicle rigid anchorages, two corresponding rigid attachments on the child restraint system
and a mean to limit the pitch rotation of the child restraint system.
2.18. "ISOFIX position" means a system which allows to install:
either an universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX rearward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX lateral facing position child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
(e) or a specific vehicle ISOFIX child restraint system as defined in Regulation No. 44.
2.19. "ISOFIX low anchorage" means one 6 mm diameter rigid round horizontal bar, extending
from vehicle or seat structure to accept and restrain an ISOFIX child restraint system with
2.20. "ISOFIX anchorages system" means a system made up of two ISOFIX low anchorages
which is designed for attaching an ISOFIX child restraint system in conjunction with an
2.21. "ISOFIX attachment" means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirements of
Regulation No. 44, extending from the ISOFIX child restraint system structure, and
compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.
2.22. "ISOFIX child restraint system" means a child restraint system, fulfilling the requirements of
Regulation No. 44, which has to be attached to an ISOFIX anchorages system.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the belt anchorages, the ISOFIX
anchorages systems and the ISOFIX top tether anchorages if any shall be submitted by the
vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and by the following
3.2.1. drawings of the general vehicle structure on an appropriate scale, showing the positions of
the belt anchorages, of the effective belt anchorages (where appropriate), of the ISOFIX
anchorages systems and of ISOFIX top tether anchorages if any and detailed drawings of the
belt anchorages, of the ISOFIX anchorages systems if any, of the ISOFIX top tether
anchorage if any, and of the points to which they are attached;
3.2.2. a specification of the materials used which may affect the strength of the belt anchorages, of
the ISOFIX anchorages systems and of ISOFIX top tether anchorages if any;
3.2.3. a technical description of the belt anchorages, of the ISOFIX anchorages systems and
ISOFIX top tether anchorages if any;
3.2.4. in the case of belt anchorages, of the ISOFIX anchorages systems and of ISOFIX top tether
anchorages if any affixed to the seat structure;
220.127.116.11. detailed description of the vehicle type with regard to the design of the seats, of the seat
anchorages and of their adjustment and locking systems;
18.104.22.168. drawings, on an appropriate scale and in sufficient detail, of the seats, of their anchorage to
the vehicle, and of their adjustment and locking systems.
3.2.5. evidence that the safety-belt or the restraint system used in the anchorages approval test
complies with Regulation No. 16, in the case where the car manufacturer chooses the
alternative dynamic strength test.
3.3. At the option of the manufacturer, a vehicle representative of the vehicle type to be approved
or the parts of the vehicle considered essential for the belt anchorages tests, for the ISOFIX
anchorages systems and for ISOFIX top tether anchorages test if any, by the technical
service conducting approval tests shall be submitted to the service.
4.1. If the vehicle submitted for approval pursuant to this Regulation meets the relevant
requirements of this Regulation, approval for that vehicle type shall be granted.
4.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present
06, corresponding to the 06 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments
incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the
time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party may not assign the same number
to another vehicle type as defined in Paragraph 2.2. above.
4.3. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production definitely
discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the
Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to
the model in Annex 1 to the Regulation.
5.1.2. The three-dimensional reference system is defined in Appendix 2 of Annex 4 of this
5.1.3. Points L and L are the lower effective belt anchorages.
5.1.4. Point C is a point situated 450 mm vertically above the R Point. However, if the Distance S
as defined in Paragraph 5.1.6. is not less than 280 mm and if the alternative formula
BR = 260 mm + 0.8 S specified in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. is chosen by the manufacturer, the
vertical distance between C and R shall be 500 mm.
5.1.5. The angles α and α are respectively the angles between a horizontal plane and planes
perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and passing through the
Point H and the Points L and L .
5.1.6. S is the distance in millimetres of the effective upper belt anchorages from a reference
Plane P parallel to the longitudinal median plane of the vehicle defined as follows:
126.96.36.199. If the seating position is well-defined by the shape of the seat, the Plane P shall be the
median plane of this seat.
188.8.131.52. In the absence of a well-defined position:
184.108.40.206.1. The Plane P for the driver's seat is a vertical plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of
the vehicle which passes through the centre of the steering-wheel in the plane of the
steering-wheel rim when the steering-wheel, if adjustable, is in its central position.
220.127.116.11.2. The Plane P for the front outboard passenger shall be symmetrical with that of the driver.
18.104.22.168.3. The Plane P for the rear outboard seating position shall be that specified by the manufacturer
on condition the following limits for Distance A between the longitudinal median plane of the
vehicle and Plane P are respected:
A is equal or more than 200 mm if the bench seat has been designed to accommodate two
A is equal or more than 300 mm if the bench seat has been designed to accommodate more
than two passengers.
5.2. General Specifications
5.2.1. Anchorages for safety-belts shall be so designed, made and situated as to:
22.214.171.124. enable the installation of a suitable safety-belt. The belt anchorages of the front outboard
positions shall be suitable for safety-belts incorporating a retractor and pulley, taking into
consideration in particular the strength characteristics of the belt anchorages, unless the
manufacturer supplies the vehicle equipped with other types of safety-belts which incorporate
retractors. If the anchorages are suitable only for particular types of safety-belts, these types
shall be stated on the form mentioned in Paragraph 4.3. above;
126.96.36.199. reduce to a minimum the risk of the belt's slipping when worn correctly;
188.8.131.52. reduce to a minimum the risk of strap damage due to contact with sharp rigid parts of the
vehicle or seat structures;
184.108.40.206. Each ISOFIX low anchorage bar (when deployed for use) or each permanently installed
guidance device shall be visible, without the compression of the seat cushion or seat back,
when the bar or the guidance device is viewed, in a vertical longitudinal plane passing
through the centre of the bar or of the guidance device, along a line making an upward angle
of 30 degrees with a horizontal plane.
As an alternative to the above requirement, the vehicle shall be permanently marked adjacent
to each bar or guidance device. This marking shall consist in one of the following, at the
choice of the manufacturer."
220.127.116.11.1. As a minimum, the symbol of Annex 9, Figure 12 consisting of a circle with a diameter of
minimum 13 mm and containing a pictogram, meeting the following conditions:
the pictogram shall contrast with the background of the circle;
the pictogram shall be located close to each bar of the system;
18.104.22.168.2. The word "ISOFIX" in capital letters of at least 6 mm height.
5.2.4. ISOFIX top tether anchorages, design and positioning:
At the request of the car manufacturer, methods described in Paragraphs 22.214.171.124. and 126.96.36.199.
can be used alternatively.
Method described in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. can only be used if the ISOFIX position is located on
a vehicle seat.
184.108.40.206. Subject to Paragraph 220.127.116.11. and 18.104.22.168, the portion of each ISOFIX top tether anchorage
that is designed to bind with an ISOFIX top tether connector shall be located not further than
2000 mm far from the shoulder reference point and within the shaded zone, as shown in
Figures 6 to 10 of Annex 9, of the designated seating position for which it is installed, with the
reference of a template described in SAE J 826 (July 1995) and shown in Annex 9, Figure 5,
according to the following conditions:
22.214.171.124.1. The "H" Point of the template is located at the unique design "H" Point of the full downward
and full rearward position of the seat, except that the template is located laterally midway
between the two ISOFIX lower anchorages;
126.96.36.199.2. The torso line of the template is at the same angle to the transverse vertical plane as the seat
back in its most upright position, and
188.8.131.52.3. The template is positioned in the vertical longitudinal plane that contains the H−Point of the
184.108.40.206. The ISOFIX top tether anchorage shall have dimensions to permit the attachment of an
ISOFIX top tether hook as specified in Figure 3.
Clearance shall be provided around each ISOFIX top tether anchorage to allow latching and
unlatching to it. For each ISOFIX top tether anchorage under a cover, the cover shall be
identified by for example one of the symbols or the mirror image of one of the symbols set out
in Figure 13 of Annex 9; the cover shall be removable without the use of tools
5.3. Minimum Number of Belt Anchorages to be Provided
5.3.1. Any vehicle in Categories M and N (except those vehicles of Categories M or M which
belong to Classes I, II or A shall be equipped with safety-belt anchorages which satisfy the
requirements of this Regulation.
Vehicles of Category M shall be equipped with ISOFIX anchorage systems, which satisfy the
requirements of this Regulation in accordance with Paragraph 5.3.8.
N vehicles fitted with ISOFIX anchorages have also to comply with the provisions of this
220.127.116.11. The anchorages of a harness belt system approved as a S-type belt (with or without
retractor(s)) according to Regulation No. 16 shall comply with the requirements of
Regulation No. 14, but the additional anchorage or anchorages provided for the fitting of a
crotch strap (assembly) are exempted from the strength and location requirements of this
5.3.2. The minimum number of safety-belt anchorages for each forward and rearward directed
seating position shall be those specified in Annex 6.
5.3.3. However, for outboard seating positions, other than front, of vehicles of Category N , shown
in Annex 6 and marked with the symbol ∅, two lower anchorages are allowed, where there
exists a passage between a seat and the nearest side-wall of the vehicle intended to permit
access of passengers to other parts of the vehicle.
A space between a seat and the side-wall is considered as a passage if the distance between
that side-wall, with all doors closed, and a vertical longitudinal plane passing through the
centre line of the seat concerned, measured at the R-Point position and perpendicularly to the
median longitudinal plane of the vehicle is more than 500 mm.
5.3.4. For the front centre seating positions shown in Annex 6 and marked with the symbol *, two
lower anchorages shall be considered adequate where the windscreen is located outside the
reference zone defined in Annex 1 to Regulation No. 21; if located inside the reference zone,
three anchorages are required.
As regards belt anchorages, the windscreen is considered as part of the reference zone when
it is capable of entering into static contact with the test apparatus according to the method
described in Annex 1 to Regulation No. 21.
5.3.9. In the case of seats capable of being turned to or placed in other orientations, for use when
the vehicle is stationary, the requirements of Paragraph 5.3.1. shall apply only to those
orientations designated for normal use when the vehicle is travelling on a road, in accordance
with this Regulation. A note to this effect shall be included in the information document.
5.4. Location of Belt Anchorages (See Annex 3, Figure1.)
18.104.22.168. The belt anchorages for any one belt may be located either wholly in the vehicle structure or
in the seat structure or any other part of the vehicle or dispersed between these locations.
22.214.171.124. Any one belt anchorage may be used for attaching the ends of two adjacent safety-belts
provided that the test requirements are met.
5.4.2. Location of the effective lower belt anchorage
126.96.36.199. Front seats, vehicle Category M
In motor vehicles of Category M the angle α (other than buckle side) shall be within the
range of 30 to 80° and the angle α (buckle side) shall be within the range of 45 to 80°. Both
angle requirements shall be valid for all normal travelling positions of the front seats. Where
at least one of the angles α and α is constant (e.g. anchorage fixed at the seat) in all normal
positions of use, its value shall be 60 ± 10°. In the case of adjustable seats with an adjusting
device as described in Paragraph 2.12. with a seatback angle of less than 20° (See Annex 3,
Figure 1), the angle α may be below the minimum value (30°) stipulated above, provided it is
not less than 20° in any normal position of use.
188.8.131.52. Rear seats, vehicle Category M
In motor vehicles of Category M , the angles α and a shall be within the range of 30 to 80°
for all rear seats. If rear seats are adjustable the above angles shall be valid for all normal
184.108.40.206. Front Seats, Vehicle Categories other than M
In motor vehicles of categories other than M the angles α and α must be between 30 and
80° for all normal travelling positions of the front seats. Where in the case of front seats of
vehicles having a maximum vehicle mass not exceeding 3.5 t at least one of the angles α
and α is constant in all normal positions of use, its value shall be 60 ± 10° (e.g. anchorage
fixed at the seat).
220.127.116.11. The effective upper anchorage shall lie below the Plane FN, which runs perpendicular to the
longitudinal median plane of the seat and makes an angle of 65° with the torso line. The
angle may be reduced to 60° in the case of rear seats. The Plane FN shall be so placed as
to intersect the torso line at a Point D such that DR = 315 mm + 1.8 S. However, when
S ≤ 200 mm, then DR = 675 mm.
18.104.22.168. The effective upper belt anchorage shall lie behind a Plane FK running perpendicular to the
longitudinal median plane of the seat and intersecting the torso line at an angle of 120° at a
Point B such that BR = 260 mm + S. Where S ≥ 280 mm, the manufacturer may use
BR = 260 mm + 0.8 S at his discretion.
22.214.171.124. The value of S shall not be less than 140 mm.
126.96.36.199. The effective upper belt anchorage shall be situated to the rear of a vertical plane
perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and passing through the
R Point as shown in Annex 3.
188.8.131.52. The effective upper belt anchorage shall be situated above a horizontal plane passing
through Point C defined in Paragraph 5.1.4.
184.108.40.206. In addition to the upper anchorage specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11., other effective upper
anchorages may be provided if one of the following conditions is satisfied:
18.104.22.168.1. The additional anchorages comply with the requirements of Paragraphs 22.214.171.124. to 126.96.36.199.
188.8.131.52.2. The additional anchorages can be used without the aid of tools, comply with the
requirements of Paragraphs 184.108.40.206. and 220.127.116.11. and are located in one of the areas
determined by shifting the area shown in Figure 1 of Annex 3 of this Regulation, 80 mm
upwards or downwards in a vertical direction.
18.104.22.168.3. The anchorage(s) is/are intended for a harness belt, complies/comply with the requirements
laid down in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. if it lie(s) behind the transverse plane passing through the
reference line and is/are located:
126.96.36.199.3.1. In the case of a single anchorage, within the area common to two dihedrals defined by the
verticals passing through Points J and J as defined in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. and whose
horizontal sections are shown in Figure 2 of Annex 3 of this Regulation;
184.108.40.206.3.2. In the case of two anchorages, within whichever of the above defined dihedrals is suitable,
provided that each anchorage is not more than 50 mm distant from the
symmetrically-located, mirror-image position of the other anchorage about Plane P, as
defined in Paragraph 5.1.6. of the seat in question.
6.2. Securing the Vehicle for Seat Belt Anchorages Tests and for ISOFIX Anchorages Tests
6.2.1. The method used to secure the vehicle during the test shall not be such as to strengthen the
seat belt anchorages or the ISOFIX anchorages and their anchorage area or to lessen the
normal deformation of the structure.
6.2.2. A securing device shall be regarded as satisfactory if it produces no effect on an area
extending over the whole width of the structure and if the vehicle or the structure is blocked or
fixed in front at a distance of not less than 500 mm from the anchorage to be tested and is
held or fixed at the rear not less than 300 mm from that anchorage.
6.2.3. It is recommended that the structure should rest on supports arranged approximately in line
with the axes of the wheels or, if that is not possible, in line with the points of attachment of
6.2.4. If a securing method other than that prescribed in Paragraphs 6.2.1. to 6.2.3. of this
Regulation is used, evidence must be furnished that it is equivalent.
6.3. General Test Requirements for Seat Belt Anchorages
6.3.1. All the belt anchorages of the same group of seats shall be tested simultaneously. However,
if there is a risk that non-symmetrical loading of the seats and/or anchorages may lead to
failures, an additional test may be carried out with non-symmetrical loading.
6.3.2. The tractive force shall be applied in a direction corresponding to the seating position at an
angle of 10° ± 5° above the horizontal in a plane parallel to the median longitudinal plane of
A preload of 10% with a tolerance of ± 30% of the target load shall be applied; the load shall
be increased to 100% of the relevant target load.
6.3.3. Full application of the load shall be achieved as rapidly as possible, and within a maximum
load application time of 60 seconds.
However, the manufacturer may request the application of the load to be achieved within
The belt anchorages must withstand the specified load for not less than 0.2 second.
6.3.4. Traction devices to be used in the tests described in Paragraph 6.4. below are shown in
Annex 5. The devices shown in Annex 5, Figure 1 are placed onto the seat cushion and then,
when possible, pushed back into the seat back while the belt strap is pulled tight around it.
The device shown in Annex 5, Figure 2 is placed in position, the belt strap is fitted over the
device and pulled tight. No preload beyond the minimum necessary for correct positioning of
the test device shall be introduced to safety-belt anchorages during this operation.
The traction device of either 254 mm or 406 mm used at each seating position shall be such
that its width is as close as possible to the distance between the lower anchorages.
The positioning of the traction device shall avoid any mutual influences during the pull test
which adversely affects the load and load distribution.
6.4. Particular Test Requirements for Seat Belt Anchorages
6.4.1. Test in Configuration of a Three Point Belt Incorporating a Retractor having a Pulley or Strap
Guide at the Upper Belt Anchorage
220.127.116.11. A special pulley or guide for the wire or strap appropriate to transmit the load from the traction
device, or the pulley or strap guide supplied by the manufacturer shall be fitted to the upper
18.104.22.168. A test load of 1350 daN ± 20 daN shall be applied to a traction device (See Annex 5,
Figure 2) attached to the belt anchorages of the same belt, by means of a device reproducing
the geometry of the upper torso strap of such a safety-belt. In the case of vehicles of
categories other than M and N the test load shall be 675 ± 20 daN, except that for M and
N vehicles the test load shall be 450 ± 20 daN.
22.214.171.124. At the same time a tractive force of 1350 daN ± 20 daN shall be applied to a traction device
(See Annex 5, Figure 1) attached to the two lower belt anchorages. In the case of vehicles of
categories other than M and N , the test load shall be 675 ± 20 daN, except that for M and
N vehicles the test load shall be 450 ± 20 daN.
6.4.2. Test in Configuration of a Three-point Belt without Retractor or with a Retractor at the Upper
126.96.36.199. A test load of 1350 daN ± 20 daN shall be applied to a traction device (See Annex 5,
Figure 2) attached to the upper belt anchorage and to the opposite lower belt anchorage of
the same belt, using, if supplied by the manufacturer, a retractor fixed at the upper belt
anchorage. In the case of vehicles of categories other than M and N , the test load shall be
675 ± 20 daN, except that for M and N vehicles the test load shall be 450 ± 20 daN.
188.8.131.52. At the same time a tractive force of 1350 daN ± 20 daN shall be applied to a traction device
(See Annex 5, Figure 1) attached to the lower belt anchorages. In the case of vehicles of
categories other than M and N , the test load shall be 675 ± 20 daN, except that for M and
N vehicles the test load shall be 450 ± 20 daN.
6.4.3. Test in Configuration of a Lap Belt
A test load of 2225 daN ± 20 daN shall be applied to a traction device (See Annex 5,
Figure 1) attached to the two lower belt anchorages. In the case of vehicles of categories
other than M and N , the test load shall be 1110 ± 20 daN, except that for M and N vehicles
the test load shall be 740 ± 20 daN.
6.6. Static Test Requirements.
6.6.1. The strength of the ISOFIX anchorage systems shall be tested applying the forces, as
prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206, to the static force application device (SFAD) with ISOFIX
attachments well engaged.
In case of ISOFIX top tether anchorage an additional test shall be performed as prescribed in
All the ISOFIX positions of a same seat row, which can be used simultaneously, shall be
6.6.2. The test may be carried out either on a completely finished vehicle or on sufficient parts of the
vehicle so as to be representative of the strength and rigidity of the vehicle structure.
Windows and doors may be fitted or not and closed or not.
Any fitting normally provided and likely to contribute to the vehicle structure may be fitted.
The test may be restricted to the ISOFIX position relating to only one seat or group of seats
on the condition that:
The ISOFIX position concerned have the same structural characteristics as the ISOFIX
position relating to the other seats or group of seats and,
Where such ISOFIX positions are fitted totally or partially on the seat or group of seats,
the structural characteristics of the seat or group of seats are the same as those for the
other seats or groups of seats.
6.6.3. If the seats and head restraint are adjustable, they shall be tested in the position defined by
the technical service within the limited range prescribed by the car manufacturer as provided
in Appendix 3 of Annex 17 of Regulation No. 16.
6.6.4. Forces, Directions and Excursion Limits
220.127.116.11. A force of 135 N ± 15 N shall be applied to the centre of the lower front crossbar of the SFAD
in order to adjust the fore-aft position of the SFAD rearward extension to remove any slack or
tension between the SFAD and its support.
18.104.22.168. Forces shall be applied to the static force application device (SFAD) in forward and oblique
directions according to Table 1.
Directions of Test Forces
Forward 0° ± 5° 8 kN ± 0.25 kN
75° ± 5° (to both sides of straight forward, or if any worst
case side, or if both side are symmetric, only one side)
5 kN ± 0.25 kN
Each of these tests may be performed on different structures if the manufacturer so requests.
6.6.5. Additional Forces
22.214.171.124. Seat Inertia Forces
For the installation position where the load is transferred into a vehicle seat assembly, and not
directly into the vehicle structure, a test shall be carried out to ensure that the strength of the
vehicle seat anchorages to the vehicle structure is sufficient. In this test, a force equal to
20 times the mass of the relevant parts of the seat assembly shall be applied horizontally and
longitudinally in a forward direction to the seat or the relevant part of the seat assembly
corresponding to the physical effect of the mass of the seat in question to the seat
anchorages. The determination of the additional applied load or loads and the load
distribution shall be made by the manufacturer and agreed by the Technical Service.
At the request of the manufacturer, the additional load can be applied at the X Point of SFAD
during the static tests described above.
If the top tether anchorage is integrated to the vehicle seat, this test shall be performed with
the ISOFIX top tether strap.
No breakage shall occur and excursion requirements given in the Table 2 have to be fulfilled.
NOTE: This test does not have to be performed in case of any anchorage of the vehicle
safety-belt system is integrated to the vehicle seat structure, and the vehicle seat is already
tested and approved to meet the anchorage load tests required by this Regulation for adult
7. INSPECTION DURING AND AFTER STATIC TESTS FOR SAFETY-BELT ANCHORAGES
7.1. All the anchorages shall be capable of withstanding the test prescribed in Paragraphs 6.3.
and 6.4. Permanent deformation, including partial rupture or breakage of any anchorage or
surrounding area, shall not constitute failure if the required force is sustained for the specified
time. During the test, the minimum spacings for the effective lower belt anchorages specified
in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. and the requirements of Paragraph 188.8.131.52. for effective upper belt
anchorages shall be respected.
7.1.1. For vehicles of Category M of a total permissible mass not exceeding 2.5 t, if the upper
safety-belt anchorage is attached to the seat structure, the effective upper safety-belt
anchorage shall not be displaced during the test forward of a transverse plane passing
through the R-Point and Point C of the seat in question (See Figure 1 of Annex 3 to this
For vehicles other than mentioned above, the effective upper safety-belt anchorage shall not
be displaced during the test forward of a transverse plane inclined 10° in forward direction
and passing through the R-Point of the seat.
The maximum displacement of the effective upper anchorage point shall be measured during
If the displacement of the effective upper anchorage point exceeds the above-mentioned
limitation, the manufacturer shall demonstrate to the satisfaction of the technical service that
there is no danger to the occupant. As an example, the test procedure according to
Regulation No. 94 or a sled test with corresponding pulse may be carried out to demonstrate
a sufficient survival space.
10.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it
has previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this
11. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
The national authorities may require the manufacturers of vehicles registered by them to state
clearly in the instructions for operating the vehicle
11.1. where the anchorages are; and
11.2. for what types of belts the anchorages are intended (See Annex 1, Item 5).
12. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of safety-belt
anchorages or a type of ISOFIX anchorages system and ISOFIX top tether anchorage
approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted
the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof
the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a
communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
13. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS
The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the United
Nations secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for
conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to
which forms certifying approval or extension, or refusal or extension or withdrawal of
approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
14. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
14.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 06 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approvals under this Regulation as
amended by the 06 series of amendments.
14.2. As from 2 years after the enter into force of the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant ECE type approvals only if the
requirements of this Regulation, as amended by the 06 series of amendments, are satisfied.
14.3. As from 7 years after the enter into force of the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation.
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to recognise approvals which were
not granted in accordance with the 06 series of amendments to this regulation. However,
existing approvals of the vehicle categories which are not affected by the 06 series of
amendments to this Regulation shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation shall continue to accept them.
14.4. For vehicles not affected by Paragraph 7.1.1. above, approvals granted according to the
04 series of amendments to this Regulation shall remain valid.
(maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm)
Name of administration:
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type with regard to safety-belt anchorages and ISOFIX anchorages systems and ISOFIX top
tether anchorage if any pursuant to Regulation No. 14.
Approval No. .................................................. Extension No: ...........................................
1. Trade name or mark of the power-driven vehicle .........................................................................
2. Type of vehicle ..............................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's name and address ...............................................................................................
4. It applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative ..............................................
5. Designation of the type of belts and retractors authorised for fitting to the anchorages with
which the vehicle is equipped:
10. Vehicle submitted for approval on: ...................................................................................................
11. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests: ..........................................................
12. Date of report issued by that service: ...............................................................................................
13. Number of report issued by that service: ..........................................................................................
14. Approval granted/extended/refused/withdrawn
15. Position of approval mark on vehicle: ...............................................................................................
16. Place: ................................................................................................................................................
17. Date: .................................................................................................................................................
18. Signature: ..........................................................................................................................................
19. The following documents, filed with the administration service which has granted approval and
available on request are annexed to this communication:
drawings, diagrams and plans of the belt anchorages, ISOFIX anchorages systems, of the top
tether anchorages if any, and of the vehicle structure;
photographs of the belt anchorages, of the ISOFIX anchorages systems, of the top tether if any,
and of the vehicle structure;
drawings, diagrams and plans of the seats, of their anchorage on the vehicle, of the adjustment
and displacement systems of the seats and of their parts and of their locking devices;
photographs of the seats, of their anchorage, of the adjustment and displacement systems of the
seats and of their parts, and of their locking devices.
LOCATION OF EFFECTIVE BELT ANCHORAGES
Areas of Location of Effective Belt Anchorages
(The drawing shows one example, where the upper anchorage is fixed to the vehicle body side panel)
PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING THE "H" POINT AND THE ACTUAL
TORSO ANGLE FOR SEATING POSITIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
The procedure described in this Annex is used to establish the "H" Point location and the
actual torso angle for one or several seating positions in a motor vehicle and to verify the
relationship of measured data to design specifications given by the vehicle manufacturer.
For the purposes of this Annex:
2.1. "Reference data" means one or several of the following characteristics of a seating position:
2.1.1. the "H" Point and the "R", Point and their relationship,
2.1.2. the actual torso angle and the design torso angle and their relationship.
2.2. "Three-dimensional 'H' Point machine" (3-D H machine) means the device used for the
determination of "H" Points and actual torso angles. This device is described in Appendix 1 to
2.3. "'H' Point" means the pivot centre of the torso and the thigh of the 3-D H machine installed in
the vehicle seat in accordance with Paragraph 4 below. The "H" Point is located in the centre
of the centreline of the device which is between the "H" Point sight buttons on either side of
the 3-D H machine. The "H" Point corresponds theoretically to the "R" Point (for tolerances
See Paragraph 3.2.2. below). Once determined in accordance with the procedure described
in Paragraph 4, the "H" Point is considered fixed in relation to the seat-cushion structure and
to move with it when the seat is adjusted;
2.4. "'R' Point" or "seating reference point" means a design point defined by the vehicle
manufacturer for each seating position and established with respect to the three-dimensional
2.5. "Torso-line" means the centreline of the probe of the 3-D H machine with the probe in the
fully rearward position;
2.6. "Actual torso angle" means the angle measured between a vertical line through the
"H" Point and the torso line using the back angle quadrant on the 3-D H machine. The actual
torso angle corresponds theoretically to the design torso angle (for tolerances see
Paragraph 3.2.2. below):
2.7. "Design torso angle" means the angle measures between a vertical line through the
"R" Point and the torso line in a position which corresponds to the design position of the
seat-back established by the vehicle manufacturer;
3.2.5. If the results of at least two of the three operations described in Paragraph 3.2.4. above do
not satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 3.2.2. above, or if the verification cannot take place
because the vehicle manufacturer has failed to supply information regarding the position of
the "R" Point or regarding the design torso angle, the centroid of the three measured points or
the average of the three measured angles shall be used and be regarded as applicable in all
cases where the "R" Point or the design torso angle is referred to in this Regulation.
4. PROCEDURE FOR "H" POINT AND ACTUAL TORSO ANGLE DETERMINATION
4.1. The vehicle shall be preconditioned at the manufacturer's discretion, at a temperature of
20°± 10° C to ensure that the seat material reached room temperature. If the seat to be
checked has never been sat upon, a 70 to 80 kg person or device shall sit on the seat twice
for one minute to flex the cushion and back. At the manufacturer's request, all seat
assemblies shall remain unloaded for a minimum period of 30 minutes prior to installation of
the 3-D H machine.
4.2. The vehicle shall be at the measuring attitude defined in Paragraph 2.11. above.
4.3. The seat, if it is adjustable, shall be adjusted first to the rearmost normal driving or riding
position, as indicated by the vehicle manufacturer, taking into consideration only the
longitudinal adjustment of the seat, excluding seat travel used for purposes other than normal
driving or riding positions. Where other modes of seat adjustment exist (vertical, angular,
seat-back, etc.) these will then be adjusted to the position specified by the vehicle
manufacturer. For suspension seats, the vertical position shall be rigidly fixed corresponding
to a normal driving position as specified by the manufacturer.
4.4. The area of the seating position contacted by the 3-D H machine shall be covered by a muslin
cotton, of sufficient size and appropriate texture, described as a plain cotton fabric having
18.9 threads per cm and weighing 0.228 kg/m or knitted or non-woven fabric having
equivalent characteristics. If test is run on a seat outside the vehicle, the floor on which the
seat is placed shall have the same essential characteristics as the floor of the vehicle in
which the seat is intended to be used.
4.5. Place the seat and back assembly of the 3-D H machine so that the centreplane of the
occupant (C/LO) coincides with the centreplane of the 3-D H machine. At the manufacturer's
request, the 3-D H machine may be moved inboard with respect to the C/LO if the
3-D H machine is located so far outboard that the seat edge will not permit levelling of the
3-D H machine.
4.6. Attach the foot and lower leg assemblies to the seat pan assembly, either individually or by
using the T bar and lower leg assembly. A line through the "H" Point sight buttons shall be
parallel to the ground and perpendicular to the longitudinal centreplane of the seat.
4.12. Tilt the back pan forward to release the tension on the seat-back. Rock the 3-D H machine
from side to side through 10° arc (5° to each side of the vertical centreplane) for three
complete cycles to release any accumulated friction between the 3-D H machine and the
During the rocking action, the T-bar of the 3-D H machine may tend to diverge from the
specified horizontal and vertical alignment. The T-bar must therefore be restrained by
applying an appropriate lateral load during the rocking motions. Care shall be exercised in
holding the T-bar and rocking the 3-D H machine to ensure that no inadvertent exterior loads
are applied in a vertical or fore and aft direction.
The feet of the 3-D H machine are not to be restrained or held during this step. If the feet
change position, they should be allowed to remain in that attitude for the moment.
Carefully return the back pan to the seat-back and check the two spirits levels for zero
position. If any movement of the feet has occurred during the rocking operation of the
3-D H machine, they must be repositioned as follows:
Alternately, lift each foot off the floor the minimum necessary amount until no additional foot
movement is obtained. During this lifting, the feet are to be free to rotate; and no forward or
lateral loads are to be applied. When each foot is placed back in the down position, the heel
is to be in contact with the structure designed for this.
Check the lateral spirit level for zero position; if necessary, apply a lateral load to the top of
the back pan sufficient to level the 3-D H machine's seat pan on the seat.
4.13. Holding the T-bar to prevent the 3-D H machine from sliding forward on the seat cushion,
proceed as follows:
return the back pan to the seat-back;
alternately apply and release a horizontal rearward load, not to exceed 25 N, to the
back angle bar at a height approximately at the centre of the torso weights until the hip
angle quadrant indicates that a stable position has been reached after load release.
Care shall be exercised to ensure that no exterior downward or lateral loads are
applied to the 3-D H machine. If another level adjustment of the 3-D H machine is
necessary, rotate the back pan forward, re-level, and repeat the procedure from
4.14. Take all measurements:
4.14.1. The co-ordinates of the "H" Point are measured with respect to the three-dimensional
4.14.2. The actual torso angle is read at the back angle quadrant of the 3-D H machine with the
probe in its fully rearward position.
4.15. If a re-run of the installation of the 3-D H machine is desired, the seat assembly should
remain unloaded for a minimum period of 30 minutes prior to the re-run. The 3-D H machine
should not be left loaded on the seat assembly longer than the time required to perform the
ANNEX 4 APPENDIX 1
DESCRIPTION OF THE THREE DIMENSIONAL "H" POINT MACHINE"
1. BACK AND SEAT PANS
(3-D H MACHINE)
The back and seat pans are constructed of reinforced plastic and metal; they simulate the
human torso and thigh and are mechanically hinged at the "H" Point. A quadrant is fastened
to the probe hinged at the "H" Point to measure the actual torso angle. An adjustable thigh
bar, attached to the seat pan, establishes the thigh centreline and serves as a baseline for the
hip angle quadrant.
2. BODY AND LEG ELEMENTS
Lower leg segments are connected to the seat pan assembly at the T-bar joining the knees,
which is a lateral extension of the adjustable thigh bar. Quadrants are incorporated in the
lower leg segments to measure knee angles. Shoe and foot assemblies are calibrated to
measure the foot angle. Two spirit levels orient the device in space. Body element weights
are placed at the corresponding centres of gravity to provide seat penetration equivalent to a
76 kg male. All joints of the 3-D H machine should be checked for free movement without
encountering noticeable friction.
Dimensions of the 3-D H Machine Elements and Load Distribution
ANNEX 4 - APPENDIX 3
REFERENCE DATA CONCERNING SEATING POSITIONS
1. CODING OF REFERENCE DATA
Reference data are listed consecutively for each seating position. Seating positions are
identified by a two-digit code. The first digit is an Arabic numeral and designates the row of
seats, counting from the front to the rear of the vehicle. The second digit is a capital letter
which designates the location of the seating position in a row, as viewed in the direction of
forward motion of the vehicle; the following letters shall be used:
L = left
C = centre
R = right
2. DESCRIPTION OF VEHICLE MEASURING ATTITUDE
2.1. Co-ordinates of Fiducial Marks
3. LIST OF REFERENCE DATA
3.1. Seating position: ….
3.1.1. Co-ordinates of "R" Point
3.1.2. Design torso angle: ….
3.1.3. Specifications for seat adjustment
torso angle: ..............
List reference data for further seating positions under 3.2., 3.3., etc.
For the fixing of the strap the shoulder belt traction device may be modified by adding of two land edges
and/or some bolts to avoid any drop off of the strap during the pull test.
All dimensions are in millimetres
ANNEX 6 - APPENDIX 1
LOCATION OF LOWER ANCHORAGES - ANGLE REQUIREMENTS ONLY
OTHER THAN M
buckle side (α )
45° - 80°
30° - 80°
other than buckle side (α )
30° - 80°
30° - 80°
angle constant 50° - 70° 50° - 70°
bench - buckle side (α ) 45° - 80° 20° - 80°
bench - other than buckle side (α ) 30° - 80° 20° - 80°
adjustable seat with seat back
angle < 20°
45° - 80° (α )
20° - 80° (α )
20° - 80°
Rear ≠ 30° - 80° 20° - 80° ψ
No belt anchorage required. If anchorage fitted: see angle requirements Front and Rear.
≠: outboard and centre.
: if angle is not constant see Paragraph 184.108.40.206.
ψ: 45° - 90° in the case of seats on M and M vehicles.
3.2. Installation and Preparation
The sled must be so constructed that no permanent deformation appears after the test. It
must be so guided that, during the impact phase, the deviation does not exceed 5° in the
vertical plane and 2° in the horizontal plane.
3.2.2. Securing of the Vehicle Structure
The part of the vehicle structure considered essential for the vehicle rigidity regarding the seat
anchorages and the safety-belt anchorages shall be secured on the sled, according to the
disposals described in Paragraph 6.2. of this Regulation.
3.2.3. Restraint Systems
220.127.116.11. The restraint systems (the complete seats, the safety-belt assemblies and the load limiter
devices) shall be mounted on the vehicle structure according to the series production vehicle
The vehicle environment facing the tested seat (dashboard, seat, etc., depending on the
tested seat) can be mounted on the test sled. If there were a frontal airbag, it has to be
18.104.22.168. At the request of the car manufacturer and in agreement with the technical service in charge
of the tests, some components of the restraint systems other than the complete seats, the
safety-belt assemblies and the load limiter devices, may not be mounted on the test sled or
may be replaced by components having equivalent or lower stiffness and whose dimensions
are comprised in the vehicle interior fittings dimensions, provided that the tested configuration
is at least as unfavourable as the series configuration regarding the forces applying to the
seat and safety-belt anchorages.
22.214.171.124. The seats shall be adjusted as required in Paragraph 6.1.2. of this Regulation, in the position
for use chosen by the technical service in charge of the tests as the one giving the most
adverse conditions regarding the anchorages strength and compatible with the installation of
the dummies in the vehicle.
A dummy whose dimensions and mass are defined in Annex 8 shall be positioned on each
seat and restrained by the safety-belt provided in the vehicle.
No dummy instrumentation is required.
3.3.1. The sled shall be so propelled that, during the test, its speed variation is 50 km/h. The sled
deceleration shall be within the corridor specified in Annex 8 of Regulation No. 16.
3.3.2. If applicable, the activation of additional restraining devices (preloading devices, etc., except
airbags) is triggered according to the car manufacturer’s indications.
3.3.3. It shall be checked that the safety-belt anchorages’ displacement does not exceed the limits
specified in Paragraphs 2.1. and 2.1.1. of this Annex.
ISOFIX ANCHORAGES SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX TOP TETHER ANCHORAGES
Static Force Application Device (SFAD), Isometric Views
Stiffness of SFAD: When attached to rigid anchorage bar(s) with the front cross member of the SFAD
supported by a rigid bar that is held at the centre by a longitudinal pivot 25 mm below the SFAD base (to
allow bending and twisting of the SFAD base) the movement of Point X shall not be greater than 2 mm in
any direction when forces are applied in accordance with Table No. 1 of Paragraph 6.6.4 of this
Regulation. Any deformation of the ISOFIX anchorages system shall be excluded from the
25 mm 25 mm
255 mm maximum
305 mm minimum
Distance between Both Low Anchorage Zones
Two Dimensions Template
ISOFIX Top Tether Anchorage Location, ISOFIX Zone - Enlarged Side View of Wrap-around Area
ISOFIX Top Tether Anchorage Location, ISOFIX Zone - Front View
1 "ISO/F2" (B) fixture horizontal face
2 "ISO/F2" (B) fixture rear face
3 Horizontal line tangent to top of seat back (last rigid point of a hardness greater than
50 Shore A)
4 Intersection between 2 and 3
5 Tether reference point
6 "ISO/F2" (B) fixture centreline
7 Top tether strap
8 Limits of anchorage zone
Alternative Method of Locating the Top Tether Anchorage using the
"ISO/F2" (B) Fixture, ISOFIX Zone-Side, Top and Rear Views