Regulation No. 16-06

Name:Regulation No. 16-06
Description:Safety Belts and Restraint Systems.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: I. Safety Belts, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems and ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems for Occupants of Power-driven Vehicles; II. Vehicles Equipped with Safety Belts, Safety Belt Reminder, Restraint Systems, Child Restraint Systems ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems and i-Size Child Restraint Systems.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1970-08-14
Amendment Level:06 Series, Supplement 7
Number of Pages:116
Vehicle Types:Agricultural Tractor, Bus, Car, Component, Heavy Truck, Light Truck, Motorcycle, Trailer
Subject Categories:Occupant Protection
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Keywords:

regulation, vehicle, restraint, test, belt, paragraph, child, device, approval, type, systems, annex, strap, position, seat, system, amendments, series, isofix, retractor, safety-belt, force, case, requirements, installation, buckle, date, entry, tests, seating, i-size, figure, manufacturer, assembly, belts, safety-belts, positions, parts, anchorages, locking, vehicles, part, supplement, seats, trolley, structure, means, mass, load, appendix

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev.1/Add.15/Rev.8/Amend.2
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
February 22, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 16-06
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
I. SAFETY-BELTS, RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR OCCUPANTS OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES
II. VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH SAFETY-BELTS, SAFETY-BELT REMINDER,
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, ISOFIX CHILD RESTRAINT
SYSTEMS AND i-SIZE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
Incorporating:
Including all amendments up to Corr. 1 to Supplement 19 to the 04 series of amendments
05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 03.02.08
Corr. 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 03.02.08
Corr. 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.03.08
Corr. 1 to Revision 5 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 12.11.08
Supplement 1 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.02.09
Corr. 1 to Revision 6 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 11.11.09
Corr. 2 to Revision 6 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.11
Erratum to Revision 6 of the Regulation
Dated: 16.04.10
Supplement 2 to the 05 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.07.09
06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.07.09
Corr. 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.07.09
Corr. 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.11.10
Supplement 1 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.11
Supplement 2 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 26.07.12
Corr. 1 to Revision 7 of the Regulation (including Erratum 1)
Date of Entry into Force: 05.11.12
Corr. 2 to Revision 7 of the Regulation
Dated: 05.11.13
Supplement 3 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.07.13
Supplement 4 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.02.14
Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.06.14
Corr. 3 to Revision 7 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 11.06.14
Corr. 1 to Revision 8 of the Regulation
Dated: 12.02.16
Supplement 6 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 7 to the 06 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.02.17

REGULATION NO. 16-06
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
I. SAFETY-BELTS, RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX CHILD
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR OCCUPANTS OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES
II.
VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH SAFETY-BELTS, SAFETY-BELT REMINDER, RESTRAINT
SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, ISOFIX CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND
i-SIZE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
CONTENTS
REGULATION
1.
Scope
2.
Definitions
3.
Application for Approval
4.
Markings
5.
Approval
6.
Specifications
7.
Tests
8.
Requirements concerning the installation in the vehicle
9
Conformity of Production
10.
Penalties for Non-conformity of Production
11.
Modifications and Extension of Approval of the Vehicle Type or Safety-belt or Restraint System
Type
12.
Production Definitively Discontinued
13.
Instructions
14.
Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
15.
Transitional Provisions
ANNEXES
Annex 1A
Annex 1B
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4
Annex 5
Annex 6
Annex 7
Communication Concerning the Approval or Extension or Refusal or Withdrawal of
Approval or Production Definitively Discontinued of a Vehicle Type with Regard to
Safety-belt Pursuant to Regulation No. 16
Communication Concerning the Approval or Extension or Refusal or Withdrawal of
Approval or Production Definitively Discontinued of a Type of Safety-belt or Restraint
System for Adult Occupants of Power-driven Vehicles Pursuant to Regulation No. 16
Arrangements of the Approval Marks
Diagram of an Apparatus to Test Durability of Retractor Mechanism
Diagram of an Apparatus to Test Locking of Emergency Locking Retractors
Diagram of an Apparatus for Dust-resistance Test
Description of Trolley, Seat, Anchorage’s and Stopping Device
Description of Manikin

REGULATION NO. 16-06
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
I. SAFETY-BELTS, RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND ISOFIX CHILD
RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR OCCUPANTS OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES
II.
VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH SAFETY-BELTS, SAFETY-BELT REMINDER, RESTRAINT
SYSTEMS, CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS, ISOFIX CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS AND
i-SIZE CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
1. SCOPE
This Regulation applies to:
1.1. Vehicles of Category M, N, O, L , L , L , L , L and T , with regard to the installation of
safety-belts and restraint systems which are intended for separate use, i.e. as individual
fittings, by persons of adult build occupying forward-facing, rearward-facing and side-facing
seats;
1.2. Safety-belts and restraint systems which are intended for separate use, i.e. as individual
fittings, by persons of adult build occupying forward-facing, rearward-facing and side-facing
seats, and are designed for installation in vehicles of Category M, N, O, L , L , L , L , L and
T .
1.3. Vehicles of Category M and N with regard to the installation of child restraint systems
and ISOFIX child restraint systems.
1.4. Vehicles of Categories M with regard to safety belt reminder .
1.5. At the request of the manufacturer, it also applies to the installation of child restraint
systems and ISOFIX child restraint systems designated for installation in vehicles of
Categories M and M .
1.6. At the request of the manufacturer, it also applies to safety-belts designated for installation
on side-facing seats in vehicles of Category M (Class II, III or B ).
1.7. At the request of the manufacturer, it also applies to installing i-Size child restraint systems,
in case i-Size seating positions are defined by the vehicle manufacturer.

2.4. Buckle
A quick-release device enabling the wearer to be held by the belt. The buckle may
incorporate the adjusting device, except in the case of a harness belt buckle.
2.5. Belt Adjusting Device
A device enabling the belt to be adjusted according to the requirements of the individual
wearer and to the position of the seat. The adjusting device may be part of the buckle, or a
retractor, or any other part of the safety-belt.
2.6 Pre-loading Device
An additional or integrated device which tightens the seat-belt webbing in order to reduce
the slack of the belt during a crash sequence.
2.7. "Reference Zone" means the space between two vertical longitudinal planes, 400mm apart
and symmetrical with respect to the H-Point, and defined by rotation from vertical to
horizontal of the head-form apparatus, described in Regulation No. 21 Annex 1. The
apparatus shall be positioned as described in that annex to Regulation No. 21 and set to the
maximum length of 840mm.
2.8. "Airbag Assembly" means a device installed to supplement safety-belts and restraint
systems in power-driven vehicles, i.e. system which, in the event of a severe impact
affecting the vehicle automatically deploys a flexible structure intended to limit, by
compression of the gas contained within it, the gravity of the contacts of one or more parts
of the body of an occupant of the vehicle with the interior of the passenger compartment.
2.9. "Passenger Airbag" means an airbag assembly intended to protect occupant(s) in seats
other than the driver's in the event of a frontal collision.
2.10. "Child Restraint" means a safety device as defined in Regulation No. 44 or
Regulation No. 129.
2.11. "Rearward-facing" means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of travel
of the vehicle.
2.12. Attachments
Parts of the belt assembly including the necessary securing components, which enable it to
be attached to the belt anchorages.
2.13. Energy Absorber
Device designed to disperse energy independently of or jointly with the strap and forming
part of a belt assembly.

2.14.7. Flexible Shoulder Adjustment Device for Height
A device for adjusting to the shoulder height of the individual wearer, where the adjusting
part is not directly attached to the vehicle construction (e.g. pillar) or the seat construction
(e.g. the rigid seat structure), but where the adjusting of the shoulder part:
(a)
(b)
Is realized via shifting over a flexible construction; and
Is not interfering the routing of the lap belt.
2.15. Belt Anchorages
Parts of the vehicles structure or seat structure or any other part of the vehicle to which the
safety-belt assemblies are to be secured.
2.16. Vehicle Type as Regards Safety-Belts and Restraint Systems
Category of power-driven vehicles which do not differ in such essential respects as the
dimensions, lines and materials of components of the vehicle structure or seat structure or
any other part of the vehicle to which the safety-belts and the restraint systems are
attached.
2.17. Restraint System
2.18. Seat
A system for a specific vehicle type or a type defined by the vehicle manufacturer and
agreed by the Technical Service consisting of a seat and a belt fixed to the vehicle by
appropriate means and consisting additionally of all elements which are provided to diminish
the risk of injury to the wearer, in the event of an abrupt vehicle deceleration, by limiting the
mobility of the wearer's body.
A structure which may or may not be integral with the vehicle structure complete with trim,
intended to seat one adult person. The term covers both an individual seat or part of a
bench seat intended to seat one person.
2.18.1. "A front passenger seat" means any seat where the "foremost H-Point" of the seat in
question is in or in front of the vertical transverse plane through the driver's R-Point.
2.18.2. "Forward-facing seat" means a seat which can be used while the vehicle is in motion and
which faces towards the front of the vehicle in such a manner that the vertical plane of
symmetry of the seat forms an angle of less than +10° or -10° with the vertical plane of
symmetry of the vehicle.
2.18.3. "Rearward-facing seat" means a seat which can be used while the vehicle is in motion and
which faces towards the rear of the vehicle in such a manner that the vertical plane of
symmetry of the seat forms an angle of less than +10° or -10° with the vertical plane of
symmetry of the vehicle.
2.18.4. "Side-facing seat" means a seat which can be used while the vehicle is in motion and
which faces towards the side of the vehicle in such a manner that the vertical plane of
symmetry of the seat forms an angle of 90° (±10°) with the vertical plane of symmetry of the
vehicle.

2.27. Non-enclosed Buckle-release Button
A buckle-release button such that it must be possible to release the buckle using a sphere
having a diameter of 40mm.
2.28. Tension-reducing Device
A device which is incorporated in the retractor and reduces the tension of the strap
automatically when the safety-belt is fastened. When it is released, such a device switches
off automatically.
2.29. "ISOFIX" is a system for the connection of child restraint systems to vehicles which has two
vehicle rigid anchorages, two corresponding rigid attachments on the child restraint system,
and a mean to limit the pitch rotation of the child restraint system.
2.30. "ISOFIX Child Restraint System" means a child restraint system, fulfilling the
requirements of Regulation No. 44, which has to be attached to an ISOFIX anchorages
system, fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14.
2.31. "ISOFIX Position" means a system which allows installing:
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
either a universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX forward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX rearward facing child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
or a semi-universal ISOFIX lateral facing position child restraint system as defined in
Regulation No. 44,
(e) or a specific vehicle ISOFIX child restraint system as defined in Regulation No. 44,
(f) Or an i-Size child restraint system as defined in Regulation No. 129,
(g) Or a specific vehicle ISOFIX child restraint system as defined in Regulation No. 129.
2.32. "ISOFIX Anchorages System" means a system made up of two ISOFIX low anchorages,
fulfilling the requirements of Regulation No. 14, and which is designed for attaching an
ISOFIX child restraint system in conjunction with an anti-rotation device.
2.33. "ISOFIX Low Anchorage" means one 6mm diameter rigid round horizontal bar, extending
from vehicle or seat structure to accept and restrain an ISOFIX child restraint system with
ISOFIX attachments.

2.44. "First level warning" means a visual warning activated when the ignition switch is engaged
(engine running or not) and the driver's safety-belt is not fastened. An audible warning can
be added as an option.
2.45. "Second level warning" means a visual and audible warning activated when a driver
operates a vehicle without fastening the safety-belt.
2.46. "Safety-belt is not fastened" means, at the option of the manufacturer, either the driver
safety-belt buckle is not engaged or the webbing length pulled out of the retractor is 100mm
or less.
2.47. "Vehicle is in normal operation" means that vehicle is in forward motion at the speed
greater than 10km/h.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. Vehicle Type
3.1.1. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the installation of its safety-belts
and restraint systems shall be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly
accredited representative.
3.1.2. It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and the following
particulars:
3.1.2.1. Drawings of the general vehicle structure on an appropriate scale, showing the positions of
the safety-belts, and detailed drawings of the safety-belts and of the points to which they are
attached;
3.1.2.2. A specification of the materials used which may affect the strength of the safety-belts;
3.1.2.3. A technical description of the safety-belts;
3.1.2.4. In the case of safety-belts affixed to the seat structure;
3.1.2.5. Detailed description of the vehicle type with regard to the design of the seats, of the seat
anchorages and their adjustment and locking systems;
3.1.2.6. Drawings, on an appropriate scale and in sufficient detail, of the seats, of their anchorages
to the vehicle, and of their adjustment and locking systems;
3.1.3. At the opinion of the manufacturer, a vehicle representative of the vehicle type to be
approved or the parts of the vehicle considered essential for the safety-belt tests by the
Technical Service conducting approval tests shall be submitted to the service.
3.2. Safety-belt Type
3.2.1. The application for approval of a type of safety-belt shall be submitted by the holder of the
trade mark or by his duly accredited representative. In the case of restraint systems, the
application for approval of a type of restraint system shall be submitted by the holder of the
trade mark or by his representative or by the manufacturer of the vehicle in which it is to be
installed or by his representative.

5. APPROVAL
5.1. A certificate conforming to the model specified in Paragraphs 5.1.1. or 5.1.2. shall be
attached to the type approval certificate:
5.1.1. Annex 1A for applications referred to in Paragraph 3.1.;
5.1.2. Annex 1B for applications referred to in Paragraph 3.2.;
5.2. Vehicle Type
5.2.1. If the vehicle submitted for approval pursuant this Regulation meets the requirements of
Paragraph 8 below, and of Annexes 15 and 16 to this Regulation, approval of that vehicle
type shall be granted.
5.2.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at present
06 corresponding to the 06 series of amendments) shall indicate the series of amendments
incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the
time of issue of the approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number
to another vehicle type as defined in Paragraph 2.16. above.
5.2.3. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval or production
definitively discontinued of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated
to the Parties to the 1958 Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form
conforming to the model in Annex 1A to this Regulation.
5.2.4. There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the
approval form, to every vehicle conforming to a vehicle type approved under this Regulation
an international approval mark consisting of:
5.2.4.1. a circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted approval;
5.2.4.2. the number of this Regulation, followed by the Letter "R", a dash and the approval number
to the right of the circle prescribed in Paragraph 5.2.4.1.

5.3.4.2.2.2. the Letter "r" for a belt incorporating a retractor followed by the Symbol (1, 2, 3, 4 or 4N) of
the retractor used, in accordance with Paragraph 2.14. of this Regulation, and the Letter "m"
if the retractor used is an emergency locking retractor with multiple sensitivity.
5.3.4.2.2.3. the Letter "p" in the case of safety-belts with a pre-loading device;
5.3.4.2.2.4. the Letter "t" in the case of a safety-belt with a retractor incorporating a tension-reducing
device.
5.3.4.2.2.5. belts fitted with a Type 4N retractor shall also bear a symbol consisting of a rectangle with a
vehicle of Category M crossed out, indicating that the use of this type of retractor is
prohibited in vehicles of that category.
5.3.4.2.2.6. If the safety-belt is approved following the provisions of Paragraph 6.4.1.3.3. of this
Regulation, it shall be marked with the word "AIRBAG" in a rectangle.
5.3.4.2.3. the symbol referred to in Paragraph 5.3.4.2.1. above shall be preceded by the Letter "Z"
when the safety-belt is part of a restraint system.
5.3.5. Annex 2, Paragraph 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of the approval
mark.
5.3.6. The particulars referred to in Paragraph 5.3.4. above shall be clearly legible and be
indelible, and may be permanently affixed either by means of a label or by direct marking.
The label or marking shall be resistant to wear.
5.3.7. The labels referred to in Paragraph 5.3.6. above may be issued either by the Type Approval
Authority which has granted the approval or, subject to that authority's authorisation, by the
manufacturer.
6. SPECIFICATIONS
6.1. General Specifications
6.1.1. Each sample submitted in conformity with Paragraphs 3.2.2.2., 3.2.2.3. and 3.2.2.4. above
shall meet the specifications set forth in Paragraph 6 of this Regulation.
6.1.2. The belt or the restraint system shall be so designed and constructed that, when correctly
installed and properly used by an occupant, its satisfactory operation is assured and it
reduces the risk of bodily injury in the event of an accident.
6.1.3. The straps of the belt shall not be liable to assume a dangerous configuration.
6.1.4. The use of materials with properties of polyamide 6 as regards water retention is prohibited
in all mechanical parts for which such a phenomenon is likely to have an adverse effect on
their operation.

6.2.2.3. The buckle when tested in accordance with Paragraph 7.5.3. below, shall operate normally.
6.2.2.4. The buckle shall be capable of withstanding repeated operation and, prior to the dynamic
test specified in Paragraph 7.7. below shall undergo 5,000 opening and closing cycles under
normal conditions of use. In the case of harness belt buckles, this test may be carried out
without all the tongues being introduced.
6.2.2.5. The force required to open the buckle in the test as prescribed in Paragraph 7.8. below shall
not exceed 6daN.
6.2.2.6. The buckle shall be tested for strength as prescribed in Paragraphs 7.5.1. and, where
appropriate, 7.5.5. below. It must not break, be seriously distorted or become detached
under the tension set up by the prescribed load.
6.2.2.7. In the case of buckles which incorporate a component common to two assemblies, the
strength and release tests of Paragraphs 7.7. and 7.8. below. shall also be carried out with
the part of the buckle pertaining to one assembly being engaged in the mating part
pertaining to the other, if it is possible for the buckle to be so assembled in use.
6.2.3. Belt Adjusting Device
6.2.3.1. The belt after being put on by the wearer, shall either adjust automatically to fit him or be
such that the manually adjusting device shall be readily accessible to the seated wearer and
shall be convenient and easy to use. It shall also allow the belt to be tightened with one
hand to suit the wearer's body size and the position of the vehicle seat.
6.2.3.2. Two samples of each belt adjusting device shall be tested in accordance with the
requirements of Paragraph 7.3. below. The strap slip shall not exceed 25mm for each
sample of adjusting device and the sum of shifts for all the adjusting devices shall not
exceed 40mm.
6.2.3.3. All the adjustment devices shall be tested for strength as prescribed in Paragraph 7.5.1.
below. They shall not break or become detached under the tension set up by the prescribed
load.
6.2.3.4. When tested in accordance with Paragraph 7.5.6. below. the force required to operate any
manually adjusting device shall not exceed 5daN.
6.2.4. Attachments and Belt Adjustment Devices for Height
6.2.5. Retractors
The attachments shall be tested for strength as prescribed in Paragraphs 7.5.1. and 7.5.2.
below. The actual belt adjustment devices for height shall be tested for strength as
prescribed in Paragraph 7.5.2. of this Regulation where they have not been tested on the
vehicle in application of Regulation No. 14 (in its last version of amendments) relative to
anchorages of safety-belts. These parts shall not break or become detached under the
tension set up by the prescribed load.
Retractors shall be subjected to tests and shall fulfil the requirements specified below,
including the tests for strength prescribed in Paragraphs 7.5.1. and 7.5.2. below. (These
requirements are such that they exclude non-locking retractors.)

6.2.5.3.1.3. It shall not lock when its sensing device is tilted 12° or less in any direction from the
installation position specified by its manufacturer.
6.2.5.3.1.4. It shall lock when its sensing device is tilted by more than 27° in the case of Type 4 or 40° in
the case of Type 4N retractors in any direction from the installation position specified by its
manufacturer.
6.2.5.3.1.5. In cases where the operation of a retractor depends on an external signal or power source,
the design shall ensure that the retractor locks automatically upon failure or interruption of
that signal or power source. However, this requirement need not be met in the case of a
retractor with multiple sensitivities, provided only one sensitivity is dependent on an external
signal or power source and the failure of the signal or power source is indicated to the driver
by optical and/or acoustical means.
6.2.5.3.2. When tested in accordance with Paragraph 7.6.2 below, an emergency locking retractor
with multiple sensitivity, including strap sensitivity, shall comply with the specified
requirements and also lock up when strap acceleration measured in the direction of
unreeling is not less than 3.0g.
6.2.5.3.3. In the case of the tests mentioned in Paragraphs 6.2.5.3.1. and 6.2.5.3.2. above, the
amount of strap movement which may occur before the retractor locks shall not exceed
50mm starting at the length given in Paragraph 7.6.2.1. In the case of the test mentioned in
Paragraph 6.2.5.3.1.2. above locking must not occur during the 50mm of strap movement
starting at the length given in Paragraph 7.6.2.1. below.
6.2.5.3.4. If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than
0.7daN when measured in the free length between the dummy and the retractor in
accordance with Paragraph 7.6.4.
If the retractor is part of an upper torso restraint, the retracting force of the strap shall be not
less than 0.1daN and not more than 0.7daN when similarly measured, except for a belt
equipped with a tension-reducing device, in which case the minimum retracting force may
be reduced to 0.05daN only when such a device is in operation mode. If the strap passes
through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be measured in the free length between
the dummy and the guide or pulley.
If the assembly incorporates a device that upon manual or automatic operation prevents the
strap from being completely retracted, such a device shall not be operated when these
requirements are assessed.
If the assembly incorporates a tension-reducing device, the retracting force of the strap
described in the above shall be measured with the device in operation mode and
non-operation mode when these requirements are assessed before and after durability tests
according to Paragraph 6.2.5.3.5. below.

6.3.1.2. The width of the strap under load of 980daN +100 -0daN shall be not less than 46mm. This
dimension shall be measured according to the test prescribed in Paragraph 7.4.3. below,
stopping the machine at the above mentioned load.
6.3.2. Strength after Room-conditioning
In the case of the two straps samples conditioned in conformity with Paragraph 7.4.1.1. the
breaking load of the strap, determined as prescribed in Paragraph 7.4.2. below, shall be not
less than 1 470daN. The difference between the breaking loads of the two samples shall not
exceed 10% of the greater of the breaking loads measured.
6.3.3. Strength after Special Conditioning
In the case of the two strap samples conditioned in conformity with one of the provisions of
Paragraph 7.4.1. (except 7.4.1.1.) below, the breaking load of the strap shall be not less
than 75% of average of the loads determined in the test referred to in Paragraph 6.3.2. and
not less than 1,470daN. The Technical Service conducting the tests may dispense with one
or more of these tests if the composition of the material used or information already
available renders the test or tests superfluous.
6.4. Belt Assembly or Restraint System
6.4.1. Dynamic Test
6.4.1.1. The belt assembly or restraint system shall be subjected to a dynamic test in conformity with
Paragraph 7.7. below.
6.4.1.2. The dynamic test shall be performed on two belt assemblies which have not previously been
under load, except in the case of belt assemblies forming part of restraint systems when the
dynamic test shall be performed on the restraint systems intended for one group of seats
which have not previously been under load. The buckles of the belt assemblies to be tested
shall have met the requirements of Paragraph 6.2.2.4. above. In the case of safety-belts
with retractors, the retractor shall have been subjected to the dust resistance test laid down
in Paragraph 7.6.3; in addition, in the case of safety-belts or restraint systems equipped with
a pre-loading device comprising pyrotechnic means, the device shall have been subjected
to the conditioning specified in Paragraph 7.9.1. below.
6.4.1.2.1. The belts shall have undergone the corrosion test described in Paragraph 7.2., after which
the buckles shall be subjected to 500 additional opening and closing cycles under normal
conditions of use.
6.4.1.2.2. Safety-belts with retractors shall have been subjected either to the tests described in
Paragraph 6.2.5.2. or to those described in Paragraph 6.2.5.3. above. If however, a retractor
has already been subjected to the corrosion test in accordance with the provisions of
Paragraph 6.4.1.2.1. above, this test need not be repeated.

6.4.1.5. By way of derogation, in case of a restraint system, the displacements may be greater than
those specified in Paragraph 6.4.1.3.2 in the case where the upper anchorage fitted to the
seat profits from the derogation provided in Paragraph 7.4. of Regulation No. 14.
6.4.2. Strength after Abrasion Conditioning
6.4.2.1. For both samples conditioned in compliance with Paragraph 7.4.1.6. below, the breaking
strength shall be assessed as prescribed in Paragraphs 7.4.2. and 7.5. below. It shall be at
least equal to 75% of the breaking strength average determined during tests on unabraded
straps and not less than the minimum load specified for the item being tested. Difference
between breaking strength of the two samples shall not exceed 20% of the highest
measured breaking strength. For Type 1 and Type 2 procedures, the breaking strength test
shall be carried out on strap samples only (Paragraph 7.4.2.). For Type 3 procedure, the
breaking strength test shall be carried out on the strap in combination with the metal
component involved (Paragraph 7.5.).
6.4.2.2. The parts of the belt assembly to be subjected to an abrasion procedure are given in the
following table and the procedure types which may be appropriate for them are indicated by
"x". A new sample shall be used for each procedure.
7. TESTS
Procedure 1 Procedure 2 Procedure 3
Attachment – – x
Guide to Pulley – x –
Buckle-Loop – x x
Adjusting device x – x
Parts sewn to the strap


x
Flexible shoulder adjusting
device for height
x


7.1. Use of Samples Submitted for Approval of a Type of Belt or Restraint System (See
Annex 13 to this Regulation)
7.1.1. Two belts or restraint systems are required for the buckle inspection, the low-temperature
buckle test, the low-temperature test described in Paragraph 7.5.4. below where necessary,
the buckle durability test, the belt corrosion test, the retractor operating tests, the dynamic
test and the buckle-opening test after the dynamic test. One of these two samples shall be
used for the inspection of the belt or restraint system.
7.1.2. One belt or restraint system is required for the inspection of the buckle and the strength test
on the buckle, the attachment mountings, the belt adjusting devices and, where necessary,
the retractors.
7.1.3. Two belts or restraint systems are required for the inspection of the buckle, the micro-slip
test and the abrasion test. The belt adjusting device operating test shall be conducted on
one of these two samples.
7.1.4. The sample of strap shall be used for testing the breaking strength of the strap. Part of this
sample shall be preserved so long as the approval remains valid.

7.4.1.2. Light-conditioning
7.4.1.2.1. The provisions of Recommendation ISO 105-B02 (1994/Amd2:2000) shall apply. The strap
shall be exposed to light for the time necessary to produce a contrast equal to Grade 4 on
the grey scale on Standard Blue Dye No. 7.
7.4.1.2.2. After exposure the strap shall be conditioned as described under Paragraph 7.4.1.1. If the
test is not carried out immediately after conditioning the specimen shall be placed in a
hermetically-closed receptacle until the test begins. The breaking load shall be determined
within 5min after removal of the strap from the conditioning installation.
7.4.1.3. Cold-conditioning
7.4.1.3.1. The strap shall be conditioned as described under Paragraph 7.4.1.1. above.
7.4.1.3.2. The strap shall be kept for 1½h on a plane surface in a low temperature chamber in which
the air temperature is –30 ± 5°C. It shall then be folded and the fold shall be loaded with a
mass of 2kg previously cooled to –30 ± 5°C. When the strap has been kept under load for
30min in the same low-temperature chamber, the mass shall be removed and the breaking
load shall be measured within 5 minutes after removal of the strap from the low-temperature
chamber.
7.4.1.4. Heat-conditioning
7.4.1.4.1. The strap shall be kept for 3h in a heating cabinet in an atmosphere having a temperature of
60 ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 65 ± 5%.
7.4.1.4.2. The breaking load shall be determined within 5min after removal of the strap from the
heating cabinet.
7.4.1.5. Exposure to Water
7.4.1.5.1. The strap shall be kept fully immersed for 3h in distilled water, at a temperature of 20 ± 5°C,
to which a trace of a wetting agent has been added. Any wetting agent suitable for the fibre
under test may be used.
7.4.1.5.2. The breaking load shall be determined within 10 minutes after removal of the strap from the
water.
7.4.1.6. Abrasion Conditioning
7.4.1.6.1. The abrasion conditioning will be performed on every device in which the strap is in contact
with a rigid part of the belt, with the exception of all adjusting devices where the micro-slip
test (Paragraph 7.3.) shows that the strap slips by less than half the prescribed value, in
which case, the Procedure 1 abrasion conditioning (Paragraph 7.4.1.6.4.1.) will not be
necessary. The setting on the conditioning device will approximately maintain the relative
position of strap and contact area.
7.4.1.6.2. The samples shall be conditioned as described under Paragraph 7.4.1.1. The ambient
temperature during the abrasion procedure shall be between 15 and 30°C.

7.4.2.4. If the strap slips or breaks at or within 10mm of either of the clamps the test shall be invalid
and a new test shall be carried out on another specimen.
7.4.3. Width Under Load
7.4.3.1. The test shall be carried out each time on two new samples of strap, of sufficient length
conditioned in conformity with the provisions of Paragraph 7.4.1. above.
7.4.3.2. Each strap shall be gripped between the clamps of a tensile-testing machine. The clamps
shall be so designed as to avoid breaking of the strap at or near them. The speed of
traverse shall be about 100mm/min. The free length of the specimen between the clamps of
the machine at the start of the test shall be 200mm ± 40mm.
7.4.3.3. When the load reaches 980daN +100 -0daN, the machine shall be stopped and the
measurement shall be completed within 5s. The test has do be performed separately from
the tensile test.
7.5. Test of Belt Assembly Components Incorporating Rigid Parts
7.5.1. The buckle and the adjusting device shall be connected to the tensile-testing apparatus by
the parts of the belt assembly to which they are normally attached, and the load shall then
build up to 980daN.
In the case of harness belts, the buckle shall be connected to the testing apparatus by the
straps which are attached to the buckle and the tongue or two tongues located in an
approximately symmetrical way to the geometric centre of the buckle. If the buckle, or the
adjusting device, is part of the attachment or of the common part of a three-point belt, the
buckle or adjusting device shall be tested with the attachment, in conformity with
Paragraph 7.5.2. below, except in the case of retractors having a pulley or strap guide at the
upper belt anchorage, when the load will be 980daN and the length of strap remaining
wound on the reel shall be the length resulting from locking as close as possible to 450mm
from the end of the strap.
7.5.2. The attachments and any belt adjustment devices for height shall be tested in the manner
indicated in Paragraph 7.5.1. above, but the load shall be 1 470daN and shall, subject to the
provisions of the second sentence of Paragraph 7.7.1. below, be applied in the least
favourable conditions likely to occur in a vehicle in which the belt is correctly installed. In the
case of retractors the test is performed with the strap completely unwound from the reel.
7.5.3. Two samples of the complete belt assembly shall be placed in a refrigerated cabinet at
-10° ± 1°C for 2h. The mating parts of the buckle shall be coupled together manually
immediately after being removed from the refrigerated cabinet.

7.6.2.2.
A suitable apparatus for the tests specified in Paragraph 7.6.2.1. above is described in
Annex 4 to this Regulation. The design of any such test apparatus shall ensure that the
required acceleration is given before the webbing is withdrawn out of the retractor by more
than 5mm and that the withdrawal takes place at an average rate of increase of acceleration
of at least 55g/s
and not more than 150g/s
in testing sensitivity for strap movement and
of at least 25g/s
and not more than 150g/s
in testing sensitivity for vehicle
deceleration.
7.6.2.3. To check conformity with the requirements of Paragraphs 6.2.5.3.1.3. and 6.2.5.3.1.4., the
retractor shall be mounted on a horizontal table and the table tilted with a speed not
exceeding 2° per second until locking has occurred. The test shall be repeated with tilting in
other directions to ensure that the requirements are fulfilled.
7.6.3. Dust Resistance
7.6.3.1. The retractor shall be positioned in a test chamber as described in Annex 5 to this
Regulation. It shall be mounted in an orientation similar to that in which it is mounted in the
vehicle. The test chamber shall contain dust as specified in Paragraph 7.6.3.2. below. A
length of 500mm of the strap shall be extracted from the retractor and kept extracted, except
that it shall be subjected to 10 complete cycles of retraction and withdrawal within 1 or 2
minutes after each agitation of the dust. For a period of 5h, the dust shall be agitated every
20min for 5s by compressed air free of oil and moisture at a gauge pressure of
5.5 × 10 ± 0.5 × 10 Pa entering through an orifice, 1.5 ± 0.1mm in diameter.
7.6.3.2. The dust used in the test described in Paragraph 7.6.3.1. above shall consist of about 1kg of
dry quartz. The particle size distribution is as follows:
(a) passing 150μm aperture, 104μm wire diameter: 99 to 100%;
(b) passing 105μm aperture, 64μm wire diameter: 76 to 86%;
(c) passing 75μm aperture, 52μm wire diameter: 60 to 70%.
7.6.4. Retracting Forces
7.6.4.1. The retracting force shall be measured with the safety-belt assembly fitted to a dummy as
for the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 7.7. below. The strap tension shall be
measured at the point of contact with (but just clear of) the dummy while the strap is being
retracted at the approximate rate of 0.6m/min. In the case of a safety-belt with tensionreducing
device, the retracting force and strap tension shall be measured with the tensionreducing
device in both operation mode and non-operation mode.
7.6.4.2. Before the dynamic test described in Paragraph 7.7. below. the seated dummy, which is
clothed with a cotton shirt, shall be tilted frontward until 350mm of the strap is withdrawn
from retractor, and then released to the initial position.

7.7.1.5. For the assessment of the requirements in Paragraph 6.4.1.4.1. above, the seat shall be
regarded in its most forward driving or travelling position appropriate to the dimensions of
the manikin.
7.7.1.6. All the seats of any group of seats shall be tested simultaneously.
7.7.1.7. The dynamic tests of the harness belt system shall be carried out without the crotch strap
(assembly), if there is any.
7.7.2. The belt assembly shall be attached to the manikin in Annex 7 to this Regulation as follows:
a board 25mm thick shall be placed between the back of the manikin and the seat back. The
belt shall be firmly adjusted to the manikin. The board shall then be removed so that the
entire length of its back is in contact with the seat back. A check shall be made to ensure
that the mode of engagement of the two parts of the buckle entails no risk of reducing the
reliability of locking.
7.7.3. The free ends of the straps shall extend sufficiently far beyond the adjusting devices to allow
for slip.
7.7.4. Deceleration or Acceleration Devices
The applicant shall choose to use one of the two following devices:
7.7.4.1. Deceleration Test Device
The trolley shall be so propelled that at the moment of impact its free running speed is
50km/h ± 1km/h and the manikin remains stable. The stopping distance of the trolley shall
be 40cm ± 5cm. The trolley shall remain horizontal throughout deceleration. The
deceleration of the trolley shall be achieved by using the apparatus described in Annex 6 to
this Regulation or any other device giving equivalent results. This apparatus shall comply
with the performance hereafter specified:
The deceleration curve of the trolley, weighted with inert mass to produce a total mass of
455kg ± 20kg for safety-belts tests and 910kg ± 40kg for restraining systems tests where
the nominal mass of the trolley and vehicle structure is 800kg, must remain within the
hatched area of the graph in Annex 8. If necessary, the nominal mass of the trolley and
attached vehicle structure can be increased by increments of 200kg, in which case, an
additional inert mass of 28kg per increment shall be added. In no case shall the total mass
of the trolley and vehicle structure and inert masses differ from the nominal value for
calibration tests by more than ± 40kg. During calibration of the stopping device, the speed of
the trolley shall be 50km/h ± 1km/h and the stopping distance shall be of 40cm ± 2cm.

7.8. Buckle-opening Test
7.8.1. For this test, belt assemblies or restraint devices which have already undergone the
dynamic test in conformity with Paragraph 7.7. above shall be used.
7.8.2. The belt assembly shall be removed from the test trolley without the buckle being opened. A
load shall be applied to the buckle by direct traction via the straps tied to it so that all the
straps are subjected to the force of daN. (It is understood that n is the number of straps
linked to the buckle when it is in a locked position.) In the case where the buckle is
connected to a rigid part, the load shall be applied at the same angle as the one formed by
the buckle and the rigid end during the dynamic test. A load shall be applied at a speed of
400 ± 20mm/min to the geometric centre of the buckle-release button along a fixed axis
running parallel to the initial direction of motion of the button. During the application of the
force needed to open the buckle, the buckle shall be held by a rigid support. The load
quoted above shall not exceed the limit indicated in Paragraph 6.2.2.5. above. The point of
contact of the test equipment shall be spherical in form with a radius of 2.5mm ± 0.1mm. It
shall have a polished metal surface.
7.8.3. The buckle-opening force shall be measured and any failure of the buckle noted.
7.8.4. After the buckle-opening test, the components of the belt assembly or of the restraint device
which have undergone the tests prescribed in Paragraph 7.7. above shall be inspected and
the extent of the damage sustained by the belt assembly or restraint device during the
dynamic test shall be recorded in the test report.
7.9. Additional Tests on Safety-Belts With Pre-loading Devices
7.9.1. Conditioning
The pre-loading device may be separated from the safety-belt to be tested and kept for 24h
at a temperature of 60° ± 5°C. The temperature shall then be raised to 100° ± 5°C for 2h.
Subsequently it shall be kept for 24h at a temperature of -30° ± 5°C. After being removed
from conditioning, the device shall warm up to ambient temperature. If it has been separated
it shall be fitted again to the safety-belt.

8.1.2. The types of safety-belts or restraint systems for each seating position where installation is
required shall be those specified in Annex 16 (with which neither non-locking retractors
(Paragraph 2.14.1.) nor manually unlocking retractor (Paragraph 2.14.2.) can be used). For
all seating positions where lap belts Type B are specified in Annex 16 lap belts Type Br3 are
permitted except in the case that, in use, they retract to such an extent as to reduce comfort
in a notable way after normal buckling up.
8.1.2.1. However, for outboard seating positions, other than front, of vehicles of the Category N
shown in Annex 16 and marked with the Symbol Ø, the installation of a lap belt of
Type Br4m or Br4Nm is allowed, where there exists a passage between a seat and the
nearest side wall of the vehicle intended to permit access of passengers to other parts of the
vehicle. A space between a seat and the side wall is considered as a passage, if the
distance between that side wall, with all doors closed, and a vertical longitudinal plane
passing through the centre line of the seat concerned – measured at the R-Point position
and perpendicularly to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle – is more than 500mm.
8.1.3. Where no safety-belts are required any type of safety-belt or restraint system conforming to
this Regulation may be provided at the choice of the manufacturer. A-type belts of the types
permitted in Annex 16 may be provided as an alternative to lap belts for those seating
positions where lap belts are specified in Annex 16.
8.1.4. On three point belts fitted with retractors, one retractor must operate at least on the diagonal
strap.
8.1.5. Except for vehicles of Category M an emergency locking retractor of Type 4N
(Paragraph 2.14.5.) may be permitted instead of a retractor of Type 4 (Paragraph 2.14.4.)
where it has been shown to the satisfaction of the services responsible for the tests that the
fitting of a Type 4 retractor would not be practical.
8.1.6. For the front outboard and the front centre seating positions shown in Annex 16 and marked
with the Symbol ∗, lap belts of the type specified on that Annex shall be considered
adequate where the windscreen is located outside the reference zone defined in Annex 1 to
Regulation No. 21.
As regards safety-belts, the windscreen is considered as part of the reference zone when it
is capable of entering into static contact with the test apparatus according to the method
described in Annex 1 of Regulation No. 21.
8.1.7. Every seating position in Annex 16 marked with the Symbol ●, three-point belts of a type
specified in Annex 16 shall be provided unless one of the following conditions is fulfilled, in
which case two-point belts of a type specified in Annex 16 may be provided.
8.1.7.1. There is a seat or other vehicle parts conforming to Paragraph 3.5. of Appendix 1 to
Regulation No. 80 directly in front, or
8.1.7.2. No part of the vehicle is in or, when the vehicle is in motion, capable of being in the
reference zone, or
8.1.7.3. Parts of the vehicle within the said reference zone comply with the energy absorbing
requirements set out in Appendix 6 of Regulation No. 80.

In the case of a frontal protection airbag for other seats in the vehicle, the warning shall be
directly ahead of the relevant seat, and clearly visible at all times to someone installing a
rear-facing child restraint on that seat. The requirements of this Paragraph and
Paragraph 8.1.8.. do not apply to those seating positions equipped with a device which
automatically deactivates the frontal protection airbag assembly when any rearward facing
child restraint is installed.
8.1.10. Detailed information, making reference to the warning, shall be contained in the owner's
manual of the vehicle; as a minimum, the following text in all official languages of the
country or countries where the vehicle could reasonably be expected to be registered
(e.g. within the territory of the European Union, in Japan, in Russian Federation or in New
Zealand, etc.), shall at least include:
"NEVER use a rearward facing child restraint on a seat
protected by an ACTIVE AIRBAG in front of it, DEATH or
SERIOUS INJURY to the CHILD can occur"
The text shall be accompanied by an illustration of the warning label as found in the vehicle.
The information shall be easily found in the owner's manual (e.g. specific reference to the
information printed on the first page, identifying page tab or separate booklet, etc.).
The requirements of this paragraph do not apply to vehicles of which all passenger seating
positions are equipped with a device which automatically deactivates the frontal protection
airbag assembly when any rearward facing child restraint is installed.
8.1.11. In the case of seats capable of being turned to or placed in other orientations, designed for
use when the vehicle is stationary, the requirements of Paragraph 8.1.1. above shall only
apply to those orientations designated for normal use when the vehicle is travelling on a
road, in accordance with this Regulation.
8.2. General Requirements
8.2.1. Safety-belts, restraint systems, ISOFIX child restraint systems according to Table 2 of
Annex 17 − Appendix 3, as well as i-Size child restraint systems according to Table 3 of
Annex 17 – Appendix 3, shall be fixed to anchorages and in case of i-Size child restraint
systems, supported by a vehicle floor contact surface, conforming to the specifications of
Regulation No. 14, such as the design and dimensional characteristics, the number of
anchorages, and the strength requirements.
8.2.2. The safety-belts, restraint systems and child restraint systems recommended by the
manufacturer according to Tables 1 to 3 of Annex 17 − Appendix 3, shall be so installed that
they will work satisfactorily and reduce the risk of bodily injury in the event of an accident. In
particular they shall be so installed that:
8.2.2.1. The straps are not liable to assume a dangerous configuration;
8.2.2.2. That the danger of a correctly positioned belt slipping from the shoulder of a wearer as a
result of his/her forward movement is reduced to a minimum.

8.3.3. When the belt is being worn, it shall either adjust automatically to fit the wearer or be so
designed that the manual adjusting device is readily accessible to the wearer when seated
and is convenient and easy to use. It shall also be possible for it to be tightened with one
hand to suit the build of the wearer and the position of the vehicle seat.
8.3.4. Safety-belts or restraint systems incorporating retractors shall be so installed that the
retractors are able to operate correctly and stow the strap efficiently.
8.3.5. In order to inform vehicle user(s) of the provisions made for the transport of children,
vehicles of Categories M , M , M and N shall meet the information requirements of
Annex 17. Any vehicle of Category M shall be equipped with ISOFIX positions, in
accordance with the relevant prescriptions of Regulation No. 14.
The first ISOFIX position shall allow at least the installation of one out of the three
forward-facing fixtures as defined in Appendix 2 of Annex 17; the second ISOFIX position
shall allow at least the installation of one out of the three rear-facing fixtures as defined in
Appendix 2 of Annex 17. For this second ISOFIX position, in case where the installation of
the rear-facing fixture is not possible on the second row of seats of the vehicle due to its
design, the installation of one out of the six fixtures is allowed in any position of the vehicle.
8.3.6. Any i-Size seating position shall allow the installation of the ISOFIX child restraint fixtures
"ISO/F2X" (B1), "ISO/R2" (D) and the support leg installation assessment volume as defined
in Appendix 2 of Annex 17.
The support leg installation assessment volume is characterized as follows (see also
Annex 17, Appendix 2, Figures 8 and 9 to this Regulation):
(a)
Lateral limitation:
By two planes parallel to and 100mm apart from the median longitudinal plane of the
child restraint fixture installed in the respective seating position;
(b)
Forward limitation:
By a plane perpendicular to the plane given by the child restraint fixture bottom
surface and perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the child restraint
fixture, 695mm apart from the plane passing through the centerlines of the ISOFIX
lower anchorages and being perpendicular to the CRF bottom surface;
(c)
Rearward limitation:
(i)
(ii)
Above the level of the bottom surface of the child restraint fixture by the front
surface of the child restraint fixture, and
Below the level of the bottom surface of the child restraint fixture by a plane
perpendicular to the plane given by the child restraint fixture bottom surface
and perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of the child restraint fixture,
585mm apart from the plane passing through the centerlines of the ISOFIX
lower anchorages and being perpendicular to the CRF bottom surface;

8.4.2.1.3. Audible warning shall be by continuous or intermittent sound signal or by vocal information.
Where vocal information is employed, the manufacturer shall ensure that the alert uses the
language(s) of the market into which the vehicle is sold. This audible warning may be
constituted by more than one step.
8.4.2.1.4. Audible warning shall be easily recognized by the driver.
8.4.2.2. First level warning shall be at least a visual warning activated for 4s or longer when the
driver safety-belt is not fastened and the ignition switch is engaged.
8.4.2.3. The activation of the first level warning shall be tested according to the test procedure
defined in Annex 18, Paragraph 1.
8.4.2.4. Second level warning shall be a visual and audible signal activated for 30s or longer except
for cases in which the warning stops for over 3s when the safety-belt is not fastened, when
the vehicle is in normal operation and when at least one of the following conditions (or any
combination of these conditions), is fulfilled:
8.4.2.4.1. Distance driven greater than the distance threshold. The threshold shall not exceed 500 m.
The distance the vehicle is not in normal operation shall be excluded.
8.4.2.4.2. Speed greater than the speed threshold. The threshold shall not exceed 25km/h.
8.4.2.4.3. Duration time (engine running) greater than the duration time threshold. The threshold shall
not exceed 60s. The first level warning duration time and the duration time the vehicle is not
in normal operation shall be excluded.
8.4.2.5. The activation of the second level warning shall be tested according to the test procedure
defined in Annex 18, Paragraph 2.
8.4.2.6. The safety-belt reminder may be designed to allow deactivation.
8.4.2.6.1. In the case a short term deactivation is provided, it shall be more difficult to deactivate the
safety-belt reminder than buckling the safety-belt on and off. When the ignition is switched
off for more than 30min and switched on again, a short-term deactivated safety-belt
reminder shall reactivate.
8.4.2.6.2. In the case that a facility for a long term deactivation is provided, it shall require a sequence
of operations to deactivate, that are detailed only in the manufacturer's technical manual
and/or which requires the use of tools (mechanical, electrical, digital, etc.) that are not
provided with the vehicle.
9. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the Agreement,
Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following requirements:
9.1. Every vehicle type or safety-belt or restraint system approved under this Regulation shall be
so manufactured as to conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth
in Paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 above.
9.2. The minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures set forth in
Annex 14 to this Regulation shall be complied with.

14. NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF TYPE APPROVAL AUTHORITIES
The Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation shall communicate to the
United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services responsible
for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which grant approval and
to which forms certifying approval or refusal or extension or withdrawal of approval, issued
in other countries, are to be sent.
15. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
15.1. Approvals of Vehicle Type
15.1.1. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 15 to the 04 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals
under this Regulation as modified by Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments.
15.1.2. As from 2 years after the entry into force of Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments
to this Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if
the requirements of this Regulation, as amended by Supplement 15 to the 04 series of
amendments, are satisfied.
15.1.3. As from 7 years after the entry into force of Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments
to this Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to recognise
approvals which were not granted in accordance with Supplement 15 to the 04 series of
amendments to this Regulation. However, existing approvals of the vehicle categories other
than M and which are not affected by Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments to
this Regulation shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall
continue to accept them.
15.1.3.1. However, as from October 1, 2000, for vehicles of Categories M and N , Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to recognise ECE approvals which were not
granted in accordance with Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments to this
Regulation, if the information requirements of Paragraph 8.3.5. and Annex 17 are not met.
15.2. Installation of Safety-belts and Safety-belt Reminder
These transitional provisions only apply to the installation of safety-belts and safety-belt
reminders on vehicles and do not change the mark of the safety-belt.
15.2.1. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 12 to the 04 series of
amendments, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals
under this Regulation as modified by Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments.
15.2.2. Upon expiration of a period of 36 months following the official date of entry into force
referred to in Paragraph 15.2.1. above, the Contracting Parties applying this Regulation
shall grant approval only if the vehicle type satisfies the requirements of this Regulation as
amended by the Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments.
15.2.3. Upon the expiration of a period of 60 months following the official date of entry into force
referred to in Paragraph 15.2.1. above, the Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may
refuse to recognize approvals not granted in accordance with Supplement 12 to the
04 series of amendments to this Regulation.

15.2.15. Even after the date of entry into force of the 05 series of amendments, approvals of the
components and separate technical units to the preceding series of amendments to the
regulation shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying the regulation shall continue
to accept them and shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval to the 04 series of
amendments to this Regulation.
15.2.16. Notwithstanding the transitional provisions above, Contracting Parties whose application of
this Regulation comes into force after the date of entry into force of the 05 series of
amendments are not obliged to accept approvals which were granted in accordance with
any of the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.
15.3. As from the official date of entry into force of the 06 series of amendments, no Contracting
Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals under this Regulation as
amended by the 06 series of amendments.
15.3.1. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of the 06 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the requirements of
this Regulation, as amended by the 06 series of amendments, are satisfied.
15.3.2. As from 36 months after the date of entry into force of the 06 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse to recognize approvals which were
not granted in accordance with the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation.
15.3.3. Even after the date of entry into force of the 06 series of amendments, approvals of the
components and separate technical units to the preceding series of amendments to the
Regulation shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying the Regulation shall continue
to accept them, and Contracting Parties may continue to grant extensions of approvals to
the 05 series of amendments.
15.3.4. Notwithstanding Paragraphs 15.3.1. and 15.3.2., approvals of the vehicle categories to the
preceding series of amendments to the Regulation which are not affected by the 06 series
of amendments shall remain valid and Contracting Parties applying the Regulation shall
continue to accept them.
15.3.5. As long as there are no requirements concerning the compulsory fitting of safety belts for
folding seats in their national requirements at the time of acceding to this Regulation,
Contracting Parties may continue to allow this non-fitment for the purpose of national
approval and in this case these bus categories cannot be type approved under this
Regulation.
15.3.6. No Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals of a
component under a preceding series of amendments to the Regulation if the safety-belts are
intended to be installed in vehicles which are approved before the respective series of
amendment.
15.3.7. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments,
no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant type approvals under this
Regulation as amended by Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments.
15.3.8. Until 12 months after the date of entry into force of the Supplement 5 to the 06 series of
amendments to this Regulation, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation can continue to
grant type approvals to the 06 series of amendments to this Regulation without taking into
account the provisions of Supplement 5 to the 06 series of amendments.

3. Bodywork
3.1. Seats
3.1.1. Number .............................................................................................................................................
3.1.2. Position and arrangement ................................................................................................................
3.1.2.1. Seating position(s) designated for use only when the vehicle is stationary .....................................
3.1.3. Characteristics: description and drawings of:
3.1.3.1. the seats and their anchorages ........................................................................................................
3.1.3.2. the adjustment system .....................................................................................................................
3.1.3.3. the displacement and locking systems ............................................................................................
3.1.3.4. the seat belt anchorages if incorporated in the seat structure .........................................................
3.2. Safety-belts and/or other restraint systems
3.2.1. Number and position of safety-belts and restraint systems and seats on which they can be
used ..................................................................................................................................................
Complete type
approval mark
Variant
(if applicable)
Belt adjustment device for height
(indicate yes/no/optional)
First row of
seats
R
C
L
Second row of
seats
R
C
L
(R = right-hand seats, C = centre seats, L = left hand seats)
3.2.2. Nature and position of supplementary restraint systems (indicate yes/no/optional).
Front airbag Side airbag Belt preloading device
First row of
seats
R
C
L
Second row of
seats
R
C
L
(R = right-hand seats, C = centre seats, L = left hand seats)

ANNEX 1B
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
issued by:
Name of administration:
......................................
......................................
......................................
Concerning
:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of safety-belt or restraint system for adult occupants of power-driven vehicles pursuant to
Regulation No. 16
Approval No. .............................. Extension No. ....................................
1. Restraint system (with) /three-point belt/ lap belt/ special type belt/ fitted (with) energy absorber/
retractor/ device for height adjustment of the upper pillar loop/flexible shoulder adjustment device
for height ..........................................................................................................................................
2. Trade name or mark ...........................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's designation of the type of belt or restraining system .................................................
4. Manufacturer's name ..........................................................................................................................
5. If applicable, name of his representative ............................................................................................
6. Address ...............................................................................................................................................
7. Submitted for approval on ...................................................................................................................
8. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests .............................................................
9. Date of test report issued by that service ...........................................................................................
10. Number of test report issued by that service ......................................................................................
11. Type of device: deceleration/acceleration

ANNEX 2
ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARKS
1. Arrangements of the vehicle approval marks concerning the installation of safety-belts
Model A
(See Paragraph 5.2.4. of this Regulation)
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has, with regard to
safety-belts, been approved in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulation No. 16. The approval
number indicates that the approval was granted according to the requirements of Regulation No. 16 as
amended by the 06 series of amendments.
Model B
(See Paragraph 5.2.5. of this Regulation)
The above approval mark affixed to a vehicle shows that the vehicle type concerned has been approved
in the Netherlands (E4) pursuant to Regulations No. 16 and 52 . The approval numbers indicate that, at
the dates when the respective approvals were given, Regulation No. 16 included the 06 series of
amendments and Regulation No. 52 the 01 series of amendments.

The belt bearing the above approval mark is a special type belt ("S"), fitted with an energy absorber ("e")
and approved in the Netherlands (E4) under the Number 0622439, the Regulation already incorporating
the 06 series of amendments at the time of approval.
The belt bearing the above approval mark is part of a restraint system ("Z"), it is a special type belt ("S")
fitted with an energy absorber ("e"). It has been approved in the Netherlands (E4) under the
Number 0624391, the Regulation already incorporating the 06 series of amendments at the time of
approval.

The safety-belt bearing this type-approval mark is a three-point belt ("A") fitted with an energy absorber
("e"), approved as meeting the specific requirements of Paragraph 6.4.1.3.3. of this Regulation, and with
a multiple-sensitivity ("m") Type 4 ("r4") retractor, in respect of which type approval was granted in the
Netherlands ("E4") under the approval Number 062439. The first two digits indicate that the Regulation
already incorporated the 06 series of amendments at the time of the approval. This safety-belt has to be
fitted to a vehicle equipped with an airbag in the given seating position.

ANNEX 4
DIAGRAM OF AN APPARATUS TO TEST LOCKING OF EMERGENCY LOCKING RETRACTORS
A suitable apparatus is illustrated in the figure and consists of a motor-driven cam, the follower of which
is attached by wires to a small trolley mounted on a track. The cam design and motor speed combination
is such as to give the required acceleration at a rate of increase of acceleration as specified in Paragraph
7.6.2.2. of this Regulation and the stroke is arranged to be in excess of the maximum permitted webbing
movement before locking.
On the trolley a carrier is mounted which can be swivelled to enable the retractor to be mounted in
varying positions relative to the direction of movement of the trolley.
When testing retractors for sensitivity to strap movement the retractor is mounted on a suitable fixed
bracket and the strap is attached to the trolley.
When carrying out the above tests any brackets, etc. supplied by the manufacturer or his accredited
representative shall be incorporated in the test installation to simulate as closely as possible the intended
installation in a vehicle.
Any additional brackets, etc. that may be required to simulate the installation as intended in the vehicle
shall be provided by the manufacturer or his accredited representative.

ANNEX 6
DESCRIPTION OF TROLLEY, SEAT, ANCHORAGES AND STOPPING DEVICE
1. TROLLEY
2. SEAT
For tests on safety-belts the trolley, carrying the seat only, shall have a mass of 400 ± 20kg.
For tests on restraint systems the trolley with the attached vehicle structure shall have a
mass of 800kg. However, if necessary, the total mass of the trolley and vehicle structure
may be increased by increments of 200kg. In no case shall the total mass differ from the
nominal value by more than ± 40kg.
Except in the case of tests on restraint systems, the seat shall be of rigid construction and
present a smooth surface. The particulars given in Figure 1 of this Annex shall be
respected, care being taken that no metal part can come into contact with the belt.
3. ANCHORAGES
3.1. In the case of a belt equipped with a belt adjustment device for height as defined in
Paragraph 2.14.6. of this Regulation, this device shall be secured either to a rigid frame, or
to a part of the vehicle on which it is normally mounted which shall be securely fixed on the
test trolley.
3.2. The general anchorages shall be positioned as shown in Figure 1. The marks which
correspond to the arrangement of the anchorages show where the ends of the belt are to be
connected to the trolley or to the load transducer, as the case may be. The anchorages for
normal use are the Points A, B and K if the strap length between the upper edge of the
buckle and the hole for attachment of the strap support is not more than 250mm. Otherwise,
the Points A and B shall be used. The tolerance on the position of the anchorage points is
such that each anchorage point shall be situated at most at 50mm from corresponding
Points A, B and K indicated in Figure 1 or A , B and K, as the case may be.
3.3. The structure carrying the anchorages shall be rigid. The upper anchorage must not be
displaced by more than 0.2mm in the longitudinal direction when a load of 98daN is applied
to it in that direction. The trolley shall be so constructed that no permanent deformation shall
occur in the parts bearing the anchorages during the test.
3.4. If a fourth anchorage is necessary to attach the retractor, this anchorage:
Shall be located in the vertical longitudinal plane passing through K;
Shall enable the retractor to be tilted to the angle prescribed by the manufacturer;
Shall be located on the arc of the circle with radius KB = 790mm if the length between the
upper strap guide and the strap outlet at the retractor is not less than 540mm or, in all other
cases, on the arc of a circle with centre K and radius 350mm.

Table 1
Characteristics of the Absorbing Material
(ASTM Method D 735 unless otherwise stated)
Shore hardness A
95 ± 2 at 20 ± 5°C temperature
Breaking strength
RB
>343daN/cmP
Minimum elongation
AB
>400%
Module at 100% elongation
>108daN/cmP
at 300% elongation
>235daN/cmP
Low-temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736)
5h at -55°C
Compression set (Method B)
22h at 70°C <45%
Density at 25°C
between 1.05 and 1.10
Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573)
70h at 100°C
– Shore-A-hardness:
max. variation ±3
– Breaking strength:
decrease <10% of RB
– Elongation:
decrease <10% of AB
– Mass:
decrease <1%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method No. 1 Oil):
70h at 100°C
– Shore-A-hardness:
max. variation ±4
– Breaking strength:
decrease <15% of RB
– Elongation:
decrease <10% of AB
– Volume:
swelling <5%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method No. 3 Oil):
70h at 100°C
– Breaking strength:
decrease <15% of RB
– Elongation:
decrease <15% of AB
– Volume:
swelling <20%
Immersion in distilled water:
1 week at 70°C
– Breaking strength:
decrease <35% of RB
– Elongation:
increase <20% of AB

Figure 2
Stopping Device
(Assembled)
Figure 3
Stopping Device
(Polyurethane Tube)

ANNEX 7
DESCRIPTION OF MANIKIN
1. SPECIFICATIONS OF THE MANIKIN
1.1. General
The main characteristics of the manikin are illustrated in the following figures and tables:
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Side view of head, neck and torso;
Front view of head, neck and torso;
Side view of hip, thighs and lower leg;
Front view of hip, thighs and lower leg;
Principal dimensions;
Manikin in sitting position, showing:
location of the centre of gravity;
location of points at which displacement shall be measured; and shoulder
height.
Table 1
Table 2
References, names, materials and principal dimensions of components of the
manikin; and
Masses of head, neck, torso, thighs and lower leg.
1.2. Description of the Manikin
1.2.1. Structure of the Lower Leg (See Figures 3 and 4)
The structure of the lower leg consists of three components:
A sole plate (30);
A shin tube (29); and
A knee tube (26).
The knee tube has two lugs which limit the movement of the lower leg in relation to the
thigh.
The lower leg can be rotated rearwards 120° from the straight position.

1.2.9. Overalls
The manikin is covered by a special overall (see Table 1).
2. CORRECTION DEVICES
2.1. General
3. CUSHION
In order to calibrate the manikin to certain values and its total mass, the mass distribution
are adjusted by the use of six correction steel masses of 1kg each, which can be mounted
at the hip joint. Six polyurethane weights each of 1kg mass can be mounted in the back of
the torso.
A cushion must be positioned between the chest of the manikin and the overall. This
cushion shall be made of polyethylene foam of the following specification:
Hardness
7-10 Shore A
Thickness: 25mm +5
It shall be replaceable.
4. ADJUSTMENT OF THE JOINTS
4.1. General
4.2. Knee Joint
4.3. Hip Joint
In order to achieve reproducible results, it is necessary to specify and control the friction at
each joint.
Tighten the knee joint.
Set the thigh and lower leg vertical.
Rotate the lower leg through 30°.
Gradually slacken the tensioner (28) until the lower leg starts to fall under its own mass.
Lock the tensioner in this position.
Tighten the hip joint.
Place the thigh in a horizontal position and the torso in a vertical position.
Rotate the torso in a forward direction until the angle between the torso and the thigh is 60°.
Gradually slacken the tensioner until the torso starts to fall under its own mass.
Lock the tensioner in this position.

Reference
Number
Table 1 (Continued)
Name Material Dimensions
20 Hip tube Steel 76 × 70 × 80 mm
21 Thigh bar Steel 30 × 30 × 440 mm
22 Knee tube Steel 52 × 46 × 40 mm
23 Hip connection tube Steel 70 × 64 × 250 mm
24 Friction plates (four) Steel 160 × 75 × 1 mm
25 Tensioner assembly Steel M12 × 320 mm+
Plates and nuts
26 Knee tube Steel 52 × 46 × 160 mm
27 Knee connection tube Steel 44 × 39 × 190 mm
28 Tensioner plate Steel ∅ 70 × 4 mm
29 Shin tube Steel 50 × 50 × 2 × 460 mm
30 Sole plate Steel 100 × 170 × 3 mm
31 Torso correction mass (six) Polyurethane Each mass 1kg
32 Cushion Polystyrene foam 350 × 250 × 25 mm
33 Overall Cotton and polyamide straps –
34 Hip correction masses (six) Steel Each mass 1kg
Table 2
Components of manikin
Mass in kg
Head and neck
4.6 ± 0.3
Torso and arms
40.3 ± 1.0
Thighs
16.2 ± 0.5
Lower leg and foot
9.0 ± 0.5
Total mass including correction weights
75.5 ± 1.0

Figure 2

Figure 5

ANNEX 8
DESCRIPTION OF CURVE OF TROLLEY’S DECELERATION
OR ACCELERATION, AS A FUNCTION OF TIME
In all cases the calibration and measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the
International Standard ISO 6487 (2002); the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification
of a data channel with a channel frequency class (CFC) 60.
Time (ms)
Definition of the Different Curves
Acceleration (g)
Low corridor
Acceleration (g)
High corridor
0 − 20
10 0 −
10 15 −
15 20 −
18 − 32
25 26 −
45 26 −
55 20 −
60 0 32
80 − 0
The additional segment (see Paragraph 7.7.4.2.) applies only for the acceleration sled

3. In the case of safety-belts fitted with a Type 4N retractor, it shall be indicated in the
installation instructions and on any packaging that this belt is not suitable for installation in
motor vehicles used for the carriage of passengers having not more than nine seats,
including that of the driver.
4. An installation requirement for the consumer shall be provided by the
manufacturer/applicant for all vehicles where the crotch strap assembly can be used. The
manufacturer of the harness belt shall prescribe the mounting of the additional
reinforcement elements for the anchorages of crotch straps and their installation in all
vehicles where an installation is provided for.

ANNEX 11
ABRASION AND MICROSLIP TEST
Figure 1
Type 1 Procedure

Total travel: 300 ± 20mm
Figure 3
Type 3 Procedure and Micro-slip Test
The load of 5daN on the testing device shall be vertically guided in such a way as to avoid load-swing
and twisting of the strap.
The attaching device shall be fixed to the load of 5daN in the same manner as in a vehicle.

5. CONDITIONS IN THE MIST CHAMBER
5.1. The exposure zone of the mist chamber shall be maintained at 35 ± 5°C. At least two clean
mist collectors shall be placed within the exposure zone so that no drops of solution from
the test samples or any other sources are collected. The collectors shall be placed near the
test samples, one nearest to any nozzle and one furthest from all nozzles. The mist shall be
such that for each 80cm of horizontal collecting areas, there is collected in each collector
from 1.0 to 2.0ml of solution per hour when measured over an average of at least 16h.
5.2. The nozzle or nozzles shall be directed or baffled so that the spray does not impinge directly
on test samples.

SAMPLES
PARAGRAPHS
TEST
Belt or Restraint
System No.
Strap No.
1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
6.2.5.2.1./6.2.5.3.1./
6.2.5.3.3./7.6.2.
6.2.5.2.2./6.2.5.3.4./
7.6.4.
6.2.5.2.3./6.2.5.3.3./
7.6.1.
6.2.5.2.3./6.2.5.3.3./
7.2.
6.2.5.2.3./6.2.5.3.3/
7.6.3.
Conditioning of
retractors
Locking threshold x x
Retracting force x x
Durability x x
Corrosion x x
Dust x x
6.3.1.2./7.4.3. Testing of strap width x x
Strap strength test after
6.3.2./7.4.1.1./7.4.2. Room conditioning x x
6.3.3./7.4.1.2./7.4.2. Light conditioning x x
6.3.3./7.4.1.3./ 7.4.2. Low-temperature
conditioning
6.3.3./7.4.1.4./7.4.2. Heat-conditioning x x
6.3.3./7.4.1.5./7.4.2. Water-conditioning x x
6.2.3.2./7.3. Micro-slip test x x
6.4.2./7.4.1.6. Abrasion test x x
6.4.1./7.7. Dynamic test x x
6.2.2.5./6.2.2.7./7.8 Buckle-opening test x x
7.1.4. Retention of strap
sample
x
x
x

1.6.1.2. Belts or restraint systems fitted with an automatically-locking retractor: According to the
provisions set out in Paragraph 7.7. and 7.8. of this Regulation, using a belt which has
previously been subjected to 10,000 cycles of the endurance test of the retractor prescribed
in Paragraph 7.6.1. and also to the tests prescribed in Paragraphs 6.2.2.4, 7.2. and 7.6.3. of
this Regulation.
1.6.1.3. Static belts: According to the provisions set out in Paragraphs 7.7. and 7.8. of this
Regulation, on a safety-belt which has been subjected to the test prescribed in
Paragraphs 6.2.2.4. and 7.2. of this Regulation.
1.6.2. Test Without any Conditioning
According to the provisions set out in Paragraphs 7.7. and 7.8. of this Regulation.
2. TEST FREQUENCY AND RESULTS
2.1. The frequency of testing to the requirements of Paragraphs 1.1. to 1.5. of this Annex shall
be on a statistically controlled and random basis in accordance with one of the regular
quality assurance procedures.
2.1.1. Furthermore, in the case of emergency locking retractors, all assemblies shall be checked:
2.1.1.1. Either according to the provisions set out in Paragraphs 7.6.2.1. and 7.6.2.2. of this
Regulation, in the most unfavourable direction as specified in Paragraph 7.6.2.1.2. Test
results shall meet the requirements of Paragraphs 6.2.5.3.1.1. and 6.2.5.3.3. of this
Regulation.
2.1.1.2. Or according to the provisions set out in Paragraph 7.6.2.3. of this Regulation, in the most
unfavourable direction. Nevertheless, the speed of inclination can be more than the
prescribed speed insofar as it does not affect the test results. Test results shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.2.5.3.1.4. of this Regulation.
2.2. In the case of the compliance with the dynamic test according to Paragraph 1.6. of this
Annex, this shall be carried out with a minimum frequency of:
2.2.1. Tests with Conditioning
2.2.1.1. In the case of belts fitted with an emergency locking retractor,
where the daily production is greater than 1,000 belts: one in 100,000 belts produced, with a
minimum frequency of one every two weeks,
where the daily production is smaller than or equal to 1,000 belts: one in 10,000 belts
produced, with a minimum frequency of one per year, per sort of locking mechanism ,
shall be subjected to the test prescribed in Paragraph 1.6.1.1. of this Annex.

ANNEX 15
PROCEDURE FOR DETERMINING THE "H" POINT AND THE ACTUAL
TORSO ANGLE FOR SEATING POSITIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
Appendix 1 Description of the three-dimensional H Point machine
Appendix 2 Three-dimensional reference system
Appendix 3 Reference data concerning seating positions

ANNEX 16 – Continued
A: 3-point (lap and diagonal) belt
B:
2-point (lap) belt
r:
retractor
m: emergency locking retractor with
multiple sensitivity (see Regulation No. 16,
3: automatically locking retractor
4:
emergency locking retractor
N:
higher response threshold
Paragraphs. 2.14.3. and 2.14.5.)
*: Refers to Paragraph 8.1.6. of this
Ø: Refers to Paragraph 8.1.2.1.
●:
Refers to Paragraph 8.1.7.
Regulation
of this Regulation
of this Regulation
Note: In all cases S-type belts may be fitted in place of all possible A or B type belts, provided their anchorages comply with Regulation No. 14.
Where a harness belt has been approved as a S-type belt according to this Regulation, using the lap belt strap, the shoulder belt straps and possibly one or more
retractors, one or two additional crotch straps including their attachments for their anchorages may be provided by the manufacturer/applicant. These additional
anchorages need not meet the requirements of Regulation No. 14 (Erratum to Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments, applicable "ab initio").

1.2. A child restraint system or ISOFIX child restraint system, of the universal category means a
child restraint approved to the "universal" category of Regulation No. 44, Supplement 5 to
03 series of amendments. Seating positions, or ISOFIX positions, which are indicated by the
vehicle manufacturer as being suitable for the installation of child restraints systems or
ISOFIX child restraints systems shall comply with the provisions of Appendix 1 or 2 to this
Annex. Where applicable any restriction on the simultaneous use on adjacent positions of
ISOFIX child restraint systems and/or between ISOFIX-positions and adult seating positions
shall be reported in the Table 2 of Appendix 3 to this Annex.
1.3. An i-Size child restraint means a child restraint approved to the i-Size category of
Regulation No. 129. Seating positions, which are indicated by the vehicle manufacturer as
being suitable for the installation of i-Size child restraints systems shall comply with the
provisions of Appendix 2 to this Annex. Where applicable, any restriction on the simultaneous
use on adjacent positions of ISOFIX child restraint systems or i-Size child restraint systems
and/or between ISOFIX positions, i-Size positions and adult seating positions shall be
reported in the Table 2 of Appendix 3 to this Annex.

3. REQUIREMENTS
3.1. The base of the fixture shall contact both the forward and rearward parts of the seat cushion
surface. If such contact does not occur due to the belt access gap in the test fixture, this gap
may be covered in line with the bottom surface of the test fixture.
3.2. The lap portion of the belt shall touch the fixture on both sides at the rear of the lap belt path
(see Figure 3).
3.3. Should the above requirements not be met with the adjustments indicated in Paragraphs 2.1.,
2.2. and 2.3. above, the seat, seat-back and safety-belt anchorages may be adjusted to an
alternative position designated by the manufacturer for normal use at which the above
installation procedure shall be repeated and the requirements again verified and met. This
alternative position shall be included as an information in the Table 1 given in Appendix 3 to
this Annex.

Figure 2
Installation of Fixture onto Vehicle Seat
(See Paragraph 2.6.1.)
Figure 3
Check for Compatibility
(See Paragraphs 2.6.1. and 3.2.)

3. REQUIREMENTS
The following testing conditions only apply for the CRF(s) with or without i-Size support leg
installation assessment volume, when accommodated in the ISOFIX and/or i-Size position.
It is not required that the CRF(s), with or without i-Size support leg installation assessment
volume, shall be able to move in and out of the ISOFIX and/or i-Size position under these
conditions.
3.1. It has to be possible to accommodate the CRF(s), with or without i-Size support leg
installation assessment volume, without interference with the vehicle interior. The CRF base
shall have a pitch angle of 15° ± 10°, above the horizontal plane passing through the
ISOFIX anchorages system.
3.2. The ISOFIX top tether anchorage, if any, shall remain accessible.
3.3. Should the above requirements not be met with the adjustments indicated in Paragraph 2
above, the seats, the seat-backs, the head restraints may be adjusted to alternative
positions designated by the manufacturer for normal use following which the above
installation procedure shall be repeated and the requirements verified and met. These
alternative positions shall be included as information in Table 2 and/or 3 given in Appendix 3
to this Annex. Passenger seats in front of i-Size seating positions may also be displaced to
a position forward of the normal position of use. In such cases, the vehicle manufacturer
shall provide information in the vehicle handbook, that the respective passenger seat shall
not be occupied in such positions of displacement.
3.4. Should the above requirements not be fulfilled when some removable interior fittings were
present, such fittings may be removed and then requirements of Paragraph 3 have to be
verified again and fulfilled. In such a case corresponding information shall be included in
Table 2 and/or 3 of Appendix 3 of this Annex.

4.1. Full-height forward-facing toddler child restraint systems envelope
Key
1 Limits in the forward and upwards directions
2 Dashed line marks area where a support leg, or similar, of a specific vehicle CRS is allowed to
protrude
3 N/A
4 Further specifications of the connector area are given in Regulation No. 44
Figure 1
ISO/F3 Envelope Dimensions for a Full-height Forward-facing Toddler CRS
(Height 720mm) − ISOFIX SIZE CLASS A

4.3. Reduced-height second version back shape forward-facing toddler child restraint systems
envelope
Key
1 Limits in the forward and upwards directions
2 Dashed line marks area where a support leg, or similar, of a specific vehicle CRS is allowed to
protrude
3 N/A
4 Further specifications of the connector area are given in Regulation No. 44
Figure 3
ISO/F2X Envelope Dimensions for a Reduced-height Second Version Back Surface Shape
Forward-facing Toddler CRS
(Height 650mm) − ISOFIX SIZE CLASS B1

4.5. Reduced-size rearward-facing toddler child restraint systems envelope
Key
1 Limits in the rearward and upwards directions
2 Dashed line marks area where a support leg, or similar, of a specific vehicle CRS is allowed to
protrude
3 The backwards limitation (to the right in the figure) is given by the forward-facing envelope in
Figure 2
4 Further specifications of the connector area are given in Regulation No. 44
Figure 5
ISO/R2 Envelope Dimensions for a Reduced-size Rearward-facing Toddler CRS
ISOFIX SIZE CLASS D

4.7. Lateral facing child restraint systems envelope
Key
1 Limits in the rearward and upward directions
2 Dashed line marks area where a support leg, or similar, of a specific vehicle CRS is allowed to
protrude
3 The backward limitation (to the right in the figure) is given by the forward-facing envelope in
Figure 2
4 Further specifications of the connector area are given in ISO 13216-1, Figures 2 and 3
Figure 7
Envelop Dimensions for Lateral Facing Position CRS −
ISO/L1 − ISOFIX SIZE CLASS F or Symmetrically Opposite − ISO/L2 − ISOFIX CLASS G

Key
1.
Child Restraint Fixture (CRF).
2.
ISOFIX low anchorages bar.
3.
Median longitudinal plane of the CRF.
4.
i-Size support leg installation assessment volume.
Note: Drawing not to scale.
Figure 9
3D View of the i-Size Support Leg Installation Assessment Volume for
Assessing Compatibility of the i-Size Seating Positions with Support Legs of i-Size
Child Restraint Systems

Table 2
Table of Vehicle Handbook Information on ISOFIX Child Restraint Systems
Installation Suitability for Various ISOFIX Positions
Mass Group
Size
class
Fixture
Vehicle ISOFIX positions
Front
Passenger
Rear
Outboard
Rear
Centre
Intermediate
Outboard
Intermediate
Centre
Other
sites
F
ISO/L1
carrycot
G
ISO/L2
0 − up to 10kg E ISO/R1
0+ − up to 13kg
E
D
C
ISO/R1
ISO/R2
ISO/R3
I − 9 to 18kg
D
C
B
B1
A
ISO/R2
ISO/R3
ISO/F2
ISO/F2X
ISO/F3
II − 15 to 25kg
III − 22 to 36kg
Key of letters to be inserted in the above table
IUF = suitable for ISOFIX forward child restraints systems of universal category approved for use in the
mass group
IL
X
= suitable for particular ISOFIX child restraint systems (CRS) given in the attached list. These
ISOFIX CRS are those of the "specific vehicle", "restricted" or "semi-universal" categories.
= ISOFIX position not suitable for ISOFIX child restraint systems in this mass group and/or this
size class.

ANNEX 17 – APPENDIX 4
INSTALLATION OF 10-YEAR MANIKIN POSITIONS
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
Adjust the seat to its fully rearward position.
Adjust the seat height in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications. In the absence of any
specification, adjust the seat to the lowest position.
Adjust the seat back angle to the manufacturer's design position. In the absence of any
specification, an angle of 25° from the vertical, or the nearest fixed position of the seat back,
should be used.
Set the shoulder anchorage to the lowest position.
Set the manikin on the seat ensuring that the pelvis is in contact with the seat back.
The longitudinal plan passing by the manikin centre line will be on the apparent centre line of the
seating position.

Safety Belts and Restraint Systems.