Regulation No. 36-03
|Name:||Regulation No. 36-03|
|Description:||General Construction - Large Passenger Vehicles.|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Large Passenger Vehicles with Regard to their General Construction.|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||1975-11-12|
|Amendment Level:||03 Series, Supplement 12|
|Number of Pages:||63|
|Subject Categories:||Electrical and Electronic, Miscellaneous, Occupant Protection, Masses and Dimensions|
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E/ECE/TRANS/505 ) Rev.1/Add.35/Rev.3
February 20, 2008
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
LARGE PASSENGER VEHICLES WITH REGARD
TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 14.12.92
Corr. 1 to Revision 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 14.05.98
Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 06.08.98
Corr. 1 to Supplement 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Corr. 3 to Revision 1 to the 03 series of amendments
Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 06.07.00
Supplement 4 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.12.00
Supplement 5 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 21.02.02
Corr. 1 to Supplement 3 to the 03 series of amendments
Supplement 6 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 20.08.02
Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 07.12.02
Corr. 1 to Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments
Supplement 8 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 30.10.03
Supplement 9 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.08.04
Supplement 10 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.11.04
Supplement 11 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.11.05
Supplement 12 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.11.07
REGULATION NO. 36
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF LARGE PASSENGER VEHICLES
WITH REGARD TO THEIR GENERAL CONSTRUCTION
Application for approval
Modification and extension of approval of a vehicle type
Conformity of production
Penalties for non-conformity of production
Production definitely discontinued
Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and
of administrative departments
Remarks concerning permissible axle loads or total vehicle mass
− Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval
or production definitely discontinued of a vehicle type with regard to its general
construction pursuant to Regulation No. 36
− Arrangements of approval marks
− Explanatory Diagrams
− Testing device for siting of hand-rails and hand-holds
− Guidelines for measuring the closing forces of power operated doors
− Safety prescriptions for trolleybuses
2.2. "Vehicle type" means vehicles which do not differ essentially with regard to the
constructional features specified in this Regulation;
2.3. "Approval of a vehicle" means the approval of a vehicle type with regard to the
constructional features specified in this Regulation;
2.4. "Service door" means a door used by passengers in normal circumstances with the driver
2.5. "Double door" means a door affording two, or the equivalent of two, access passages;
2.6. "Emergency door" means a door additional to the service door(s) intended for use by
passengers as an exit only exceptionally and, in particular, in an emergency;
2.7. "Emergency window" means a window, not necessarily glazed, intended for use as an exit
by passengers in an emergency only;
2.8. "Double window" means an emergency window which, when divided into two by an
imaginary vertical line (or plane), exhibits two parts each of which complies as to
dimensions and access with the requirements applicable to a normal emergency window;
2.9. "Escape hatch" means an opening in the roof or floor intended for use as an exit by
passengers in an emergency only;
2.10. "Emergency exit" means an emergency door, emergency window or escape hatch;
2.11. "Exit" means a service door or emergency exit;
2.12. "Floor or deck" means that part of the bodywork whose upper surface supports standing
passengers, the feet of seated passengers and the driver, and the seat mountings;
2.13. "Gangway" means the space providing access by passengers from any seat or row of
seats to any other seat or row of seats or to any access passage from or to any service door
and any area for standing passengers; it does not include:
2.13.1. The space extending 30 cm in front of any seat.
2.13.2. The space above the surface of any step or staircase at the doors, or
2.13.3. Any space which affords access solely to one seat or one row of seats;
2.14. "Access passage" means the space extending inwards into the vehicle from the service
door up to the outermost edge of the upper step (edge of the gangway). Where there is no
step at the door, the space to be considered as access passage shall be that which is
measured according to Paragraph 18.104.22.168. up to a distance of 30 cm from the starting
position of the inner face of the dual panel.
2.15. "Driver's compartment" means the space intended for the driver's exclusive use and
containing the driver's seat, the steering wheel, controls, instruments and other devices
necessary for driving the vehicle.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to its constructional features shall
be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. It shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents in triplicate and by the following
3.2.1. A detailed description of the vehicle type with respect to its structure, dimensions,
configuration and constituent materials;
3.2.2. Drawings of the vehicle and its interior arrangement; and
3.2.3. Particulars of
22.214.171.124. The technical maximum mass (PT) (kg). In the case of an articulated bus or coach, it shall
be given separately for each rigid portion;
126.96.36.199. The technical maximum mass for each axle (kg);
188.8.131.52. The unladen mass of the vehicle (MV) (kg);
3.2.4. Provision made, if any for the carriage of baggage or goods;
3.2.5. Where one or more baggage compartments have been provided for baggage other than
hand baggage, the total volume of such compartments (V) (m ) and the total mass of the
baggage that they can contain (B) (kg);
3.2.6. Where the vehicle is equipped to carry baggage on the roof, the total surface area available
for such baggage (VX) (m ) and the total mass of baggage that can be placed on it
3.2.7. The horizontal projection of the total surface area intended for seated and standing
passengers (S ) (m );
3.2.8. The horizontal projection of the total surface area intended for standing passengers
(S ) (m ) in accordance with Paragraph 5.2;
3.2.9. The number of seating places intended for use by passengers and crew (if any). Sleeping
places and other accommodations which are intended to be temporarily used instead of a
seating place shall not count as seating places.
3.2.10. The intended total number of passengers (N);
184.108.40.206. The intended total number of passengers (N ) in each rigid section of an articulated vehicle.
3.2.11. The class or classes for which approval is requested.
3.3. A vehicle representative of the type to be approved shall be submitted to the technical
service responsible for conducting the approval tests.
4.6. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
4.7. The approval mark shall be placed close to or on the vehicle data plate affixed by the
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
5.1. Load Distribution Between Axles and Loading Conditions
5.1.1. The load distribution of a stationary vehicle on level ground shall be determined in two
220.127.116.11. Unladen, as specified in Paragraph 5.1.3, and
18.104.22.168. Laden, as specified in Paragraph 5.1.4.
5.1.2. The front axle or axles shall carry not less than the percentage of mass shown in the table
CLASS I CLASS II CLASS III
RIGID ARTICULATED RIGID ARTICULATED RIGID ARTICULATED
UNLADEN 20 20 25 20 25 20
LADEN 25 20 25 20 25 20
5.1.3. Unladen, for the purpose of this Paragraph (5.1),and Paragraph 5.3, means the vehicle in
the condition described in Paragraph 2.16.1.
5.1.4. Laden, for the purpose of this Paragraph (5.1), means the vehicle unladen as described in
Paragraph 5.1.3 with the addition of a mass Q on each passenger seat, a number,
corresponding to the authorised number of standing passengers, of masses Q uniformly
distributed over the area S , a mass equal to B uniformly distributed in the baggage
compartments and, where appropriate, a mass equal to BX uniformly distributed over the
surface area of the roof equipped for the carriage of baggage.
5.1.5. The values of Q for the different Classes of vehicle are specified in Paragraph 5.3 below.
5.1.6. B (kg) shall have a numerical value not less than 100 V (m ).
5.1.7. BX shall exert a specific load of not less than 75 kg/m over the whole surface area of the
roof equipped for the carriage of baggage.
5.3.2. The total number N of seating and standing places in vehicles shall be calculated such that
both of the following conditions are fulfilled:
N ≤ P +
MT − MV − L ⋅ V − R ⋅ VX
P = Number of seating places (see Paragraphs 3.2.9. and 5.3.1.);
S = Surface area (m ) (see Paragraph 5.2.2.) available for standing passengers;
Area assumed for one standing passenger (m /standing passenger)
(see Paragraph 22.214.171.124.);
MT = Technically permissible maximum mass (kg) (see Paragraph 2.17.);
MV = Unladen mass (kg) as defined in Paragraph 2.16.1.;
L = Specific load of baggage (kg/m ) in the baggage compartment(s);
V = Total volume (m ) of the baggage compartments (see Paragraph 3.2.5.);
R = Specific mass of baggage in the roof area (kg/m );
Total surface area (m ) available for baggage to be carried on the roof (see
Mass (kg) assumed for the load on each passenger seating and standing
place, if any (see Paragraph 126.96.36.199.).
188.8.131.52. In the case of Class III vehicles S = 0.
184.108.40.206. The values of Q, S , L and R for every class of vehicle are as follows:−
Class Q (kg) S (m /standing passenger)
I 68 0.125 100 75
II 71 0.150 100 75
III 71 (no standing passengers) 100 75
220.127.116.11. If a vehicle of Class II or Class III is approved as a Class I vehicle, the mass of baggage
carried in the baggage compartments accessible only from outside the vehicle is not taken
5.5.3. Fuel Tanks
18.104.22.168. Every fuel tank shall be securely fixed. No part of a fuel tank shall be less than 60 cm from
the front of the vehicle or less than 30 cm from the rear of the vehicle so as to provide
protection in the event of front or rear impact.
22.214.171.124. No part of a fuel tank shall project beyond the overall width of the bodywork.
126.96.36.199. All tanks shall be subjected to a hydraulic internal-pressure test, which shall be carried out
on an isolated unit complete with standard filler-pipe, filler-neck and cap.
The tank shall be completely filled with water. After all communication with the outside has
been cut off, the pressure shall be gradually increased, through the pipe connection through
which fuel is fed to the engine, to a relative pressure which is double the service pressure,
but not less than 0.3 bar, which shall be maintained for one minute. During this time the
tank shell shall not crack or leak; it may, however, be permanently distorted.
188.8.131.52. Fuel tanks must be made so as to be corrosion resistant.
184.108.40.206. Any excess pressure or any pressure exceeding the working pressure must be
automatically compensated by suitable devices (vents, safety valves, etc.). The vents must
be designed in such a way as to prevent any fire risks.
5.5.4. Fuel-feed Systems
220.127.116.11. No apparatus used for the fuel feed shall be placed in the driver's compartment or the
18.104.22.168. Fuel lines and all other parts of the fuel-feed system shall be accommodated in positions on
the vehicle where they have the fullest reasonable protection.
22.214.171.124. Twisting or bending movements and vibration of the vehicle structure or the power unit shall
not subject the fuel lines to abnormal stress.
126.96.36.199. The unions of pliable or flexible pipes with rigid parts of the fuel-feed system shall be so
designed and constructed as to remain leakproof in the various conditions of use of the
vehicle, despite ageing, twisting or bending movements, or vibration of the vehicle structure
or the power unit.
188.8.131.52. Fuel leaking from any part of the system shall be able to flow away freely to the road
surface, but never on any exhaust system or any high voltage electrical equipment.
5.5.5. Emergency Switch
There shall be provided an emergency switch which is intended to reduce the risk of fire
after the vehicle has come to a standstill. This emergency switch shall have the following
184.108.40.206. It shall be located within immediate reach of the driver seated in the driver's seat.
220.127.116.11. Where the voltage exceeds 100 Volts RMS (root mean square) in one or more electrical
circuits in a vehicle, a manually-operated isolating switch which is capable of disconnecting
all such circuits from the main electrical supply shall be connected in each pole of that
supply which is not electrically connected to earth, and shall be located inside the vehicle in
a position readily accessible to the driver, provided that no such isolating switch shall be
capable of disconnecting any electrical circuit supplying the mandatory external vehicle
18.104.22.168. There shall be at least two internal lighting circuits such that failure of one will not affect the
other. A circuit serving only permanent entry and exit lighting can be considered as one of
22.214.171.124. All batteries shall be well secured and easily accessible.
126.96.36.199. The battery compartment shall be separated from the passenger compartment and driver's
compartment and ventilated to outside air.
5.5.8. Fire Extinguishers and First-aid Equipment
188.8.131.52. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more fire extinguishers, one being near the
driver's seat and the space provided for each measuring not less than
600 mm × 200 mm × 200 mm. Local intrusions into this space are permitted provided a fire
extinguisher of adequate size may still be fitted.
184.108.40.206. Space shall be provided for the fitting of one or more first-aid kits. The space provided shall
be not less than 7 dm , the minimum dimension shall not be less than 80 mm.
No flammable material shall be permitted within 10 cm of any exhaust system component,
any high voltage electrical equipment or any other significant source of heat of a vehicle
unless the material is effectively shielded. For the purpose of this Paragraph, a flammable
material is considered to be one which is not designed to withstand the temperature likely to
be encountered in that location. Where necessary, shielding shall be provided to prevent
grease or other flammable materials coming into contact with any exhaust system, any high
voltage electrical equipment or any other significant source of heat.
220.127.116.11. A double service door shall count as two doors and a double window as two emergency
18.104.22.168. Escape hatches, additional to the emergency doors and windows, shall be fitted in Class II
and Class III vehicles. They may also be fitted in the case of Class I vehicles. There should
not be any escape hatches fitted in the roof of any trolleybuses. The minimum number of
hatches shall be:
5.6.2. Siting of Exits
Number of passengers
Number of Hatches
not exceeding 50
22.214.171.124. The service doors shall be situated on the side of the vehicle that is nearer to the side of the
road corresponding to the direction of traffic in the country in which the vehicle is licensed
for operation, and at least one of them shall be in the forward half of the vehicle.
126.96.36.199. Two of the doors shall be separated such that the distance between transverse vertical
planes through their centres of area is not less than 40% of the overall length of the
passenger compartment measured parallel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
In the case of an articulated vehicle, this requirement shall be fulfilled if two doors of the
different sections are separated such, that the distance between the doors is not less than
40% of the overall length of the combined passenger compartment (all sections). In either
case, if one of these doors forms part of a double door this distance shall be measured
between the doors which are furthest apart.
188.8.131.52. The exits shall be placed in such a way that their number on each of the two sides of the
vehicle is substantially the same.
184.108.40.206. At least one emergency exit shall be situated either in the rear face or in the front face of the
vehicle respectively. For Class I vehicles and for vehicles with a rear part permanently
closed off from the passengers' compartment, this provision is fulfilled if an escape hatch is
220.127.116.11. The exits on the same side of the vehicle shall be suitably spaced out along the length of
18.104.22.168. A door shall, provided that it is not a service door, be permitted in the rear face of the
22.214.171.124. If escape hatches are fitted, they shall be positioned as follows: If there is only one hatch, it
shall be situated in the middle third of the vehicle; if there are two hatches, they shall be
separated by a distance of at least 2 m measured between the nearest edges of the
apertures in a line parallel with the longitudinal axis of the vehicle.
126.96.36.199. If the direct view is not adequate, optical or other devices shall be installed to enable the
driver to detect from his seat the presence of a passenger in the immediate interior and
exterior vicinity of every service door which is not an automatically-operated service door.
188.8.131.52. Every service door which opens towards the interior of the vehicle shall be so constructed
that its movement is not likely to cause injury to passengers in normal conditions of use.
Where necessary, appropriate protection devices shall be fitted.
184.108.40.206. If a service door is located adjacent to a door to a toilet or other internal compartment the
service door shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this requirement
shall not apply if the service door is locked automatically when the vehicle is moving at a
speed exceeding 5 km/h.
220.127.116.11. The service door in any open position shall not obstruct the use of, or required access to
any mandatory exit.
5.6.5. Additional Technical Requirements for Power-operated Service Doors
18.104.22.168. In the event of an emergency every power-operated service door shall be capable, when the
vehicle is stationary (but not necessarily when the vehicle is moving), of being opened from
inside and, when not locked, from outside by controls which, whether or not the power
supply is operating:
22.214.171.124.1. Override all other controls;
126.96.36.199.2. In the case of interior controls, are placed on, or within 300 mm of, the door, at a height of
not less than 1 600 mm above the first step;
188.8.131.52.3. Can be easily seen and clearly identified when approaching the door and when standing in
front of the door;
184.108.40.206.4. Can be operated by one person when standing immediately in front of the door;
220.127.116.11.5. Cause the door to open, or enable the door to be easily opened by hand;
18.104.22.168.6. May be protected by a device which can be easily removed or broken to gain access to the
emergency control; the operation of the emergency control, or the removal of a protective
cover over the control, shall be indicated to the driver both audibly and visually, and
22.214.171.124.7. In the case of a driver-operated door which does not comply with the requirements of
126.96.36.199.2 below, the controls shall be such that after they have been operated to open the
door and returned to their normal position, the door will not close again until the driver
subsequently operates a closing control.
188.8.131.52. A device may be provided which is operated by the driver from his seat to deactivate the
outside emergency controls in order to lock the service doors from outside. In this case, the
outside emergency controls shall be reactivated automatically either by the starting of the
engine or before the vehicle reaches a speed of 20 km/h. Subsequently, deactivation of the
outside emergency controls shall not occur automatically, but shall require a further action
by the driver.
184.108.40.206.4. In the case of a front service door the requirement of Paragraph 220.127.116.11 shall be considered
satisfied if the door:
18.104.22.168.4.1. Fulfils the requirements of Paragraphs 22.214.171.124.2 and 126.96.36.199.3, or
188.8.131.52.4.2. Is fitted with soft edges; these shall not, however be so soft that if the doors are closed on
the test bar mentioned in 184.108.40.206.2 the rigid structure of the doors will reach the fully closed
220.127.116.11. Where a power-operated service door is held closed only by the continued application of the
power supply there shall be provided a visual warning device to inform the driver of any
failure in the power supply to the doors.
18.104.22.168. A starting prevention device, if fitted, shall be effective only at speeds of less than 5 km/h
and shall be incapable of operation above that speed.
22.214.171.124. An audible warning to the driver may be activated if the vehicle is driven away from rest
when any power-operated service door is not fully closed. This audible warning shall be
activated at a speed exceeding 5 km/h for doors complying with the requirements of
5.6.6. Additional Technical Requirements for Automatically-operated Service Doors
126.96.36.199. Activation of the opening controls.
188.8.131.52.1. Except as provided in Paragraph 184.108.40.206, the opening controls of every
automatically-operated service door shall be capable of being activated and deactivated
only by the driver from his seat.
220.127.116.11.2. Activation and deactivation may be either direct, by means of a switch, or indirect, for
example by opening and closing the front service door.
18.104.22.168.3. Activation of the opening controls by the driver shall be indicated inside and, where a door is
to be opened from outside, also on the outside of the vehicle; the indicator (e.g. illuminated
push button, illuminated sign) shall be on or adjacent to the door to which it relates.
22.214.171.124.4. In the case of direct actuation by means of a switch the functional state of the system shall
be clearly indicated to the driver, for example by the position of the switch or an indicator
lamp or an illuminated switch. The switch shall be specially marked and arranged in such a
way that it cannot be confused with other controls.
126.96.36.199. Opening of automatically-operated service doors.
188.8.131.52.1. After activation of the opening controls by the driver it shall be possible for passengers to
open the door as follows:
184.108.40.206.1.1. From inside, for example by pressing a push-button or passing a light barrier, and
220.127.116.11.1.2. From outside, except in the case of a door intended only as an exit and marked as such, for
example by pressing an illuminated push button, a push button beneath an illuminated sign,
or a similar device marked with a suitable instruction.
18.104.22.168. Emergency doors fitted to the side of the vehicle shall be hinged at their forward edge and
shall open outwards. Check straps, chains or other restraining devices shall be permitted,
provided that they do not prevent the door from opening to, and remaining open at, an angle
of at least 100°. If a means is provided sufficient to give free passage to the emergency
door access gauge, the 100° minimum angle shall not apply.
22.214.171.124. If an emergency door is located adjacent to a door to a toilet or other internal compartment,
the emergency door shall be proofed against unintentional operation. However, this
requirement shall not apply if the emergency door is locked automatically when the vehicle
is moving at a speed exceeding 5 km/h.
126.96.36.199. If the driver's service door is not readily accessible, in particular if it is necessary to squeeze
between the steering wheel and the driver's seat in order to reach the service door, the
service door shall not be deemed to be an emergency door.
188.8.131.52. All emergency doors which cannot easily be seen from the driver's seat shall be provided
with an audible device to warn the driver when they are not securely closed. The warning
device shall be operated by movement of the door catch and not by movement of the door
5.6.8. Technical Requirements for Emergency Windows
184.108.40.206. Every hinged emergency window shall open outwards.
220.127.116.11. Every emergency window shall:
18.104.22.168.1. Either be capable of being easily and instantaneously operated from inside and from
outside the vehicle by means of a device recognized as satisfactory by the competent
22.214.171.124.2. Or be made of readily-breakable safety glass. This latter provision precludes the possibility
of using panes of laminated glass or of plastic material.
126.96.36.199. Every emergency window which can be locked from the outside shall be so constructed as
to be capable of being opened at all times from inside the vehicle.
188.8.131.52. Every emergency window which is hinged at the top shall be provided with an appropriate
mechanism to hold it open.
184.108.40.206. The height of the lower edge of an emergency window fitted in the side of the vehicle from
the level of the floor immediately below it shall be not more than 100 cm nor less than 65 cm
in the case of a hinged emergency window, or 50 cm in the case of a window made of
However, in the case of a hinged emergency window the height of the lower edge may be
reduced to a minimum of 50 cm provided that the window aperture is equipped with a guard
up to a height of 65 cm to prevent the possibility of passengers falling out of the vehicle.
Where the window aperture is equipped with a guard, the size of the window aperture above
the guard shall not be less than the minimum size prescribed for an emergency window.
220.127.116.11. The step shall not be capable of being extended when the vehicle is in motion. If the device
to operate the step fails, the step shall retract and remain in the retracted
position. However, the operation of the corresponding door shall not be hindered in the
event of such a failure, or if the step is damaged;
18.104.22.168. When a passenger is standing on the retractable step, the corresponding door shall be
incapable of being closed. Compliance with this requirement shall be checked by placing a
mass of 15 kg representing a small child, at the centre of the step. This requirement shall
not apply to any door within the driver's direct field of view;
22.214.171.124. The movement of the retractable step shall not be liable to cause any bodily harm either to
passengers or to persons waiting at bus stops;
126.96.36.199. The corners of retractable steps facing forwards or rearwards shall be rounded to a radius of
not less than 5 mm; the edges shall be rounded to a radius of not less than 2.5 mm;
188.8.131.52. When the passenger door is open, the retractable step shall be securely held in the
extended position. When a mass of 136 kg is placed in the centre of a single step or a
mass of 272 kg is placed in the centre of a double step the deflection at any point on the
step, measured relative to the body of vehicle, shall not exceed 10 mm.
184.108.40.206. Each emergency exit shall be marked by an inscription reading "Emergency exit' inside and
outside the vehicle.
220.127.116.11. The emergency controls of service doors and of all emergency exits shall be marked as
such inside and outside the vehicle either by a representative symbol or by a clearly-worded
18.104.22.168. Clear instructions concerning the method of operation shall be placed on or close to every
emergency control of an exit.
22.214.171.124. The language in which the markings referred to in Paragraphs 126.96.36.199 to 188.8.131.52 above
are to be inscribed shall be determined by the competent administrative department of the
country of registration of the vehicle.
5.7. Interior Arrangements
5.7.1. Access to Service Doors (see Annex 3, Figure 1)
184.108.40.206. The free space extending inwards into the vehicle from the side wall in which the door is
mounted shall permit the free passage of a vertical rectangular panel 10 cm thick, 40 cm
wide and 70 cm in height above the floor, having a second panel 55 cm wide superimposed
symmetrically above it; the height of the second panel being as prescribed for the relevant
class of vehicle. The dual panel shall be maintained parallel with the door aperture as it is
moved from the starting position, where the plane of the face nearest to the interior of the
vehicle is tangential to the outermost edge of the aperture, to the position where it touches
the first step, after which it shall be kept at right angles to the probable direction of motion of
a person using the entrance.
220.127.116.11. The maximum slope of the floor in the access passage shall not exceed 5% when the
unladen vehicle is standing on a smooth and horizontal surface in its normal condition of
travel (in particular: any kneeling device shall not be engaged).
18.104.22.168. Gangways and access passages shall be covered with an anti-slip material.
5.7.2. Access to Emergency Doors (see Annex 3, Figure 2)
22.214.171.124. The free space between the gangway and the emergency door aperture shall permit the
free passage of a vertical cylinder 30 cm in diameter and 70 cm high from the floor and
supporting a second vertical cylinder 55 cm in diameter, the aggregate height of the
assembly being 140 cm.
126.96.36.199. The base of the first cylinder shall be within the projection of the second cylinder.
188.8.131.52. Where folding seats are installed alongside this passage, the free space for the cylinder
shall be required to be determined when the seat is in the opened position.
5.7.3. Access to Emergency Windows
184.108.40.206. It shall be possible to move a test gauge from the gangway to the exterior of the vehicles
through every emergency window.
220.127.116.11. The direction of motion of the test gauge shall be in the direction in which a passenger
evacuating the vehicle would be expected to move. The test gauge shall be kept
perpendicular to that direction of motion.
18.104.22.168. The test gauge shall be in the form of a thin plate having a size of 60 × 40 cm with corners
radiused by 20 cm. However, in the case of an emergency window in the rear face of the
vehicle, the test gauge may alternatively have a size of 140 cm × 35 cm with corners
radiused by 17.5 cm.
5.7.4. Access to Escape Hatches
22.214.171.124. Escape Hatches in the Roof
5.7.5. Gangways (see Annex 3, Figure 3)
126.96.36.199. The gangway of a vehicle shall be so designed and constructed as to permit the free
passage of a gauging device consisting of two co-axial cylinders with an inverted truncated
cone interposed between them, the gauging device having the following dimensions (in cm):
Diameter of lower cylinder
Height of lower cylinder
Diameter of upper cylinder
Height of upper cylinder
The gauging device may come into contact with strap hangers, if fitted, and move them
188.8.131.52. On vehicles of Class I the diameter of the lower cylinder may be reduced from 45 cm to
40 cm in any part of the gangway which is located to the rear of the most forward of the
following two planes:
184.108.40.206.1. A transverse vertical plane situated 1.5 m forward of the centre line of the rear axle
(foremost rear axle in the case of vehicles with more than one rear axle),
220.127.116.11.2. A transverse vertical plan situated at the rear edge of the rearmost service door in between
18.104.22.168.3. For the purpose of the application of Paragraphs 22.214.171.124.1. and 126.96.36.199.2. above, each rigid
section of an articulated vehicle shall be considered separately.
188.8.131.52. On vehicles of Class III the seats on one side or on both sides of the gangway may be
movable laterally, it being then possible to reduce the width of the gangway to a figure
corresponding to a lower cylinder diameter of 22 cm, on condition that the operation of a
control on each seat, readily accessible to a person standing in the gangway, shall be
sufficient to cause the seat to return automatically, even when it is loaded, to the position
corresponding to a minimum width of 30 cm.
184.108.40.206. The height of the upper cylinder may be reduced by 10 cm in any part of the gangway which
is located to the rear of the most forward of the following two planes:
220.127.116.11.1. A transverse vertical plane situated 1.5 m forward of the centre line of the rear axle
(foremost rear axle in the case of vehicles with more than one rear axle).
18.104.22.168.2. A transverse vertical plane situated at the rear edge of the rearmost service door.
22.214.171.124.3. For the purpose of the application of Paragraphs 126.96.36.199.1. and 188.8.131.52.2. above, each rigid
section of an articulated vehicle shall be considered separately.
184.108.40.206. On articulated buses or coaches, the gauging device defined in Paragraph 220.127.116.11 shall be
able to pass unobstructed through the articulated section. No part of the soft covering of
that section, including parts of bellows, shall project into the gangway.
18.104.22.168. Where there is more than one step, each step may extend into the area of the vertical
projection of the next step by up to 10 cm and the projection over the tread below shall
leave a free surface of at least 20 cm in depth (see Annex 3, Figure 4) with all step nosings
being designed such as to minimise the risk of tripping and being in a light, contrasting
22.214.171.124. The width and shape of every step shall be such that a rectangle of 40 × 30 cm in the case
of a first step, and 40 × 20 cm in the case of any other step, can be placed on it with not
more than 5% of the area of the appropriate rectangle overhanging the step. At a double
doorway each half of the doorway shall fulfil this requirement.
126.96.36.199. The maximum slope of the step in any direction shall not exceed 5% when the unladen
vehicle is standing on a smooth and horizontal surface in its normal condition of travel (in
particular: any kneeling device shall not be engaged).
5.7.8. Passenger Seats (including Folding Seats) and Space for Seated Passengers
188.8.131.52. Minimum seat width (see Annex 3, Figure 5).
184.108.40.206.1. The minimum width of a seat cushion, measured from a vertical plane passing through the
centre of that seating position, shall be:
220.127.116.11.1.1. 20 cm in vehicles of Class I and II.
18.104.22.168.1.2. 22.5 cm in vehicles of Class III.
22.214.171.124.2. The minimum width of the available space for each seating position, measured from a
vertical plane passing through the centre of that seating position at heights between 27 and
65 cm above the uncompressed seat cushion, shall be:
126.96.36.199.2.1. 25 cm in the case of individual seats, and
188.8.131.52.2.2. 22.5 cm in the case of continuous seats for two or more passengers.
184.108.40.206. Minimum depth of seat cushion (see Annex 3, Figure 7)
The minimum depth of a seat cushion shall be:
220.127.116.11.1. 35 cm in vehicles of Class I, and
18.104.22.168.2. 40 cm in vehicles of Class II and Class III.
22.214.171.124. Height of seat cushion (see Annex 3, Figure 6)
The height of the uncompressed seat cushion relative to the floor shall be such that the
distance from the floor to a horizontal plane tangent to the front upper surface of the seat
cushion is between 40 and 50 cm: this height may however be reduced to not less than
35 cm at the wheel arches and at the engine compartment.
126.96.36.199.2.2. Intrusion of a structural member provided that the intrusion is included within a triangle
whose peak is situated 70 cm from the top and whose base is 10 cm in width and situated in
the upper part of the space in question, adjacent to the side wall of the vehicle
(see Annex 3, Figure 10);
188.8.131.52.2.3. Intrusion of a conduit (e.g. for hot air) situated in the lower part of the space in question,
adjacent to the sidewall of the vehicle, of a cross-sectional area not exceeding 200 cm and
having a maximum width of 10 cm (see Annex 3, Figure 11).
184.108.40.206.2.4. Intrusion of hopper type windows when open and their fittings.
5.7.9. Communication with the Driver
220.127.116.11. In the case of a vehicle of Class I or Class II a means shall be provided to enable
passengers to signal to the driver that he should stop.
18.104.22.168. If a crew compartment is fitted without access to the driver or passenger compartments, a
means of communication between the driver and this crew compartment shall be provided.
5.7.10. Hot Drink Machines and Cooking Equipment
Hot drink machines and cooking equipment shall be so installed or guarded that no hot food
or drink is likely to be spilled on any seated passenger due to emergency braking or
5.7.11. Doors to Interior Compartments
Every door to a toilet or other interior compartment:
22.214.171.124. Shall be self-closing, and shall not be fitted with any device to hold it open if, when open, it
could obstruct passengers in an emergency,
126.96.36.199. Shall, when open, not conceal any handle or control for opening any service or emergency
188.8.131.52. Shall be provided with a means to enable the door to be opened from outside the
compartment in an emergency,
184.108.40.206. Shall not be capable of being locked from the outside unless it can always be opened from
5.10.2. When the outermost points of the vehicle are moving on either lock on a circle of 12.5 m
radius the vehicle shall be able to move within the limits of a circular track 7.2 m wide
(see Annex 4, Figures A/B).
5.10.3. With the vehicle stationary, a vertical plane tangential to the side of the vehicle and facing
outwards from the circle shall be established by marking a line on the ground. In the case of
an articulated vehicle the two rigid portions shall be aligned with the plane. When the
vehicle moves from a straight line approach into the circular area described in
Paragraphs 5.10.1. and 5.10.2. above, no part of it shall move outside of this vertical plane
by more than 0.8 m (see Annex 4, Figure A) in the case of a rigid vehicle, or by more than
1.2 m (see Annex 4, Figure B) in the case of an articulated vehicle.
5.10.4. In the case of a vehicle fitted with an axle with an unloading device, these requirements
shall in each case be fulfilled with the axle in the most unfavourable condition.
5.11. Direction-holding of Articulated Vehicles
When an articulated bus or coach is moving in a straight line, the longitudinal median planes
of its rigid portion shall coincide and form a continuous plane without any deflection.
5.12. Hand-rails and Hand-holds
5.12.1. General Requirements
220.127.116.11. Hand-rails and hand-holds shall be of adequate strength.
18.104.22.168. They shall be so designed and installed as to present no risk of injury to passengers.
22.214.171.124. Handrails and hand-holds shall be of a section enabling passengers to grasp them easily
and firmly. Every handrail shall provide a length of at least 10 cm to accommodate a hand.
No dimension of the section shall be smaller than 2 cm or greater than 4.5 cm except in the
case of handrails on doors and seats and, in the case of a vehicle of Class II or Class III, in
access passages. In these cases hand rails having a minimum dimension of 1.5 cm shall
be permitted provided that one other dimension is of at least 2.5 cm.
126.96.36.199. The clearance between a hand-rail or hand-hold and the adjacent part of the vehicle body or
walls shall be of at least 4 cm. However, in the case of a handrail on a door or a seat, or in
the access passage of a vehicle of Class II or III, a minimum clearance of 3.5 cm shall be
188.8.131.52. The surface of every hand-rail, hand-hold or stanchion shall be colour contrasting and
5.12.2. Hand-rails and hand-holds for standing passengers: vehicles of Class I and Class II
184.108.40.206. Hand-rails and/or hand-holds shall be provided in sufficient number for each point of the
floor area intended, in conformity with Paragraph 5.2.2. for standing passengers. This
requirement shall be deemed to be fulfilled if, for all possible sites of the testing device
shown in Annex 5 hereto, at least two hand-rails or hand-holds can be reached by the
device's movable arm. For this purpose, strap hangers, if fitted, may be counted as
hand-holds, provided they are held in their position by suitable means. The testing device
may be freely turned about its vertical axis.
5.15. Trap Doors
Every trap door in the floor of a vehicle shall be so fitted and secured that it cannot be
dislodged or opened without the use of tools or keys and no lifting or securing device shall
project by more than 8 mm above floor level. Edges of projections shall be rounded.
5.16. Trolleybuses shall comply with the prescriptions of Annex 8.
6. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A VEHICLE TYPE
6.1. Every modification of the vehicle type shall be notified to the administrative department
which approved the vehicle type. That department may then either:
6.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and
that, in any case, the vehicle still complies with the requirements; or
6.1.2. Require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
6.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the modifications, shall be communicated by
the procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. above to the Contracting Parties to the
Agreement which apply this Regulation.
6.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number for
such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this
7. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
7.1. Every vehicle bearing an approval mark as prescribed under this Regulation shall conform
to the vehicle type approved.
7.2. In order to verify conformity as prescribed in Paragraph 7.1. above, serially-produced
vehicles bearing the approval mark required by this Regulation shall be subjected to a
sufficient number of random checks.
8. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
8.1. The approval granted in respect of a vehicle type pursuant to this Regulation may be
withdrawn if the requirement laid down in Paragraph 7.1 above is not complied with.
8.2. If a Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously
granted, it shall forthwith notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by
means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297 mm))
Name of administration:
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type with regard to its general construction pursuant to Regulation No. 36.
Approval No.: ................................................ Extension No.: ...................................................
1. Trade name or mark of the power-driven vehicle: .........................................................................
2. Vehicle type: ...................................................................................................................................
3. Name and address of applicant for approval: ................................................................................
4. If applicable, name and address of representative of applicant for approval: ...............................
5. Brief description of the vehicle type as regards its structure, dimensions, configuration and
constituent materials: .....................................................................................................................
6. Technical maximum mass of vehicle when tested: ........................................................................
6.1. Front axle: ............................................................................................................................... (kg)
6.2. Intermediate axle: .................................................................................................................... (kg)
6.3. Rear axle: ................................................................................................................................ (kg)
6.4. Total (PT): ............................................................................................................................... (kg)
15. Number of report issued by that service: .......................................................................................
16. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn
17. Position of the approval mark on the vehicle: ................................................................................
18. Place: .............................................................................................................................................
19. Date: ...............................................................................................................................................
20. Signature: .......................................................................................................................................
21. The list of documents filed with the administration service which has granted approval and
available on request is annexed to this communication.
Access to Service Doors
(See Paragraph 5.7.1.)
Dimension A (cm)
Class I 110 110
Class II 95 110
Class III 85 110
(See Paragraph 5.7.5.)
Class I 55 45
Class II 55 35
(22 in the case of laterally movable seats)
Width of Passenger Seats
(See Paragraph 220.127.116.11.)
G (cm) min.
F (cm) min.
(See Paragraph 18.104.22.168.)
Space for Seated Passengers
behind a Partition or other Rigid
Structure other than a Seat
(See Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1.)
K (cm) min
Figure 10 Figure 11
Permitted Intrusion of
Permitted Intrusion of a Conduit
a Structural Member
(see Paragraph 126.96.36.199.2.3.)
(see Paragraph 188.8.131.52.2.2.)
I (cm) min.
(for Classes I and II min.
35 cm at wheel arches and
(See Paragraph 5.10.)
TESTING DEVICE FOR SITING OF HAND-RAILS AND HAND-HOLDS
(See Paragraph 184.108.40.206.)
Thickness: 2 cm
2.6. Clamping force F is the arithmetical mean value of the effective forces, measured at the
same measuring point subsequently more times:
Conditions of Measurement:
Temperature range: 10° - 30° C
The vehicle shall stay on a horizontal surface.
Measurements points shall be:
At the main closing edges of the door:
One in the middle of the door;
One 150 mm above the lower edge of the door.
3.2.2. In the case of doors equipped with clamping prevention devices for the opening process:
At the secondary closing edges of the door at that point which is considered to be the most
dangerous place of clamping.
3.3. At least three measurements shall be taken at each of the measuring points to determine
the clamping force according to 2.6 above.
3.4. The signal of the closing force shall be recorded by means of a low-pass filter with a limiting
frequency of 100 Hz. Both the threshold of sensitivity and the fade-away threshold to limit
the pulse duration shall be set at 50 N.
3.5. The deviation of the reading from the rated value shall not be more than ± 3%.
4. MEASURING DEVICE
4.1. The measuring device shall consist of two parts: one handle and one measuring part which
is a load cell (see Figure 2).
4.2. The load cell shall have the following characteristics:
4.2.1. It shall consist of two sliding housings with the outer dimension of 100 mm in diameter and
115 mm in width. Inside the load cell a compression spring shall be fitted between the two
housings such that the load cell can be pressed together if an appropriate force is applied.
SAFETY PRESCRIPTIONS FOR TROLLEYBUSES
For the purpose of this Annex:
1.1. Contact System Voltage
Trolleybuses can be supplied with contact system voltage of rated value of:
600 V (a working range of 400 to 720 V);
750 V (a working range of 500 to 900 V).
1.2. Electrical Circuits of Trolleybus
"high voltage circuits" means circuits supplied with contact system voltage;
"low voltage circuits" means circuits supplied with accumulator battery voltage and
with a charger outlet of nominal 24 V voltage.
"three phase circuits" means circuits supplied with a second converter outlet of
three phase voltage not exceeding 400 V AC.
1.3. Rated Climatic Conditions
Trolleybuses are intended to provide reliable transit service in the environmental conditions
(a) a temperature range of minus 40° C to plus 40° C;
an relative humidity of 98% at temperature of 25° C and lower;
an atmospheric pressure of 866 to 1 066 kPa;
altitude from sea level 1 000 m maximum
1.4. "Self extinguishing material" means a material which does not continue to burn when the
ignition source is removed.
3.7. Electrical components energized by the trolley line voltage shall have additional insulation
from the body and transmission.
3.8. Electrical components with exemption of traction resistors shall be protected against
penetration of moisture and dust inside the body and on insulated and current conducting
3.9. At rated climate conditions for dry and clean trolleybus insulation resistance of electrical
circuits when all rotating machines and apparatus are switched on shall not be less than:
(a) body to high voltage electrical circuits 5 MΩ
(b) high voltage electrical circuits to low electrical circuits 5 MΩ
(c) body to positive pole of low voltage electrical circuits 1 MΩ
3.10. Wiring, Cabling and Apparatus
3.10.1. Only multi-line wires shall be used for high voltage circuits. All high voltage DC wiring shall
have insulation rated for 3 000 V DC or AC.
3.10.2. Mounted wiring and cabling should not be stressed mechanically.
3.10.3. Wiring insulation shall not propagate burning.
3.10.4. Wiring of different voltages shall be mounted separately.
3.10.5. Cabling conduits shall be made of non-flammable material.
3.10.6. Cabling tubes located under the floor shall exclude propagation of water and dust.
3.10.7. Cabling and wiring located under the trolleybus shall be inserted into conduit protecting
against water and dust.
3.10.8. Fastening and arrangement of wiring and cables shall exclude damage (fraying) of
Grommets of elastomeric material shall be provided at points where wiring penetrates metal
structure to exclude insulation damage.
Radius of bound tubes containing wiring shall be five external diameters of the tube
3.10.9. Location of wiring in apparatus breaking off electrical current shall exclude skipping the
electrical arch onto the wiring.
3.10.10. Precautions shall be taken to avoid damage of wiring and cables from heated resistors and
other electrical components. In critical areas thermo-resistant wires or cables shall be used.
3.10.11. Wiring holders, connectors and other devices for mounting shall be made of non-flammable
or self-extinguishing materials. Electrical components of the hardly flammable materials
may be installed outside passenger compartment only.
5. THE DRIVER'S COMPARTMENT
5.1. In the driver's compartment there should not be high voltage equipment accessible for the
5.2. As a minimum, the instrument panel shall consist of:
indicator of voltage in the contact system;
indicator of zero voltage in the contact system;
indicator of main automatic switch of contact system voltage state;
indicator of charge/discharge of the batteries;
indicator of dangerous potential on the body or leakage current exceeding permissible