Regulation No. 45-01

Name:Regulation No. 45-01
Description:Headlamp Cleaners.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Headlamp Cleaners and of Power-driven Vehicles with Regard to Headlamp Cleaners.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1981-05-15
Amendment Level:01 Series, Supplement 9
Number of Pages:21
Vehicle Types:Agricultural Tractor, Bus, Car, Component, Heavy Truck, Light Truck, Motorcycle
Subject Categories:Lighting and Light Signalling Equipment
Available on InterRegs.NET

Our online subscription service, offering immediate access to our extensive library of global vehicle regulations, standards and legislation. A fully searchable, accurate, user-friendly resource for consolidated regulations that are updated quickly and frequently.

Tell me more | Already a subscriber

Available on SelectRegs.com

Our fast and easy means of purchasing up-to-date global vehicle and component standards and regulations on a pay-as-you-go basis. Pay securely by credit card and your documents are delivered directly and immediately to your computer as PDF files.

Tell me more | Go straight to site

Keywords:

approval, headlamp, cleaner, regulation, cleaning, amendments, vehicle, type, series, supplement, date, force, entry, paragraph, number, parts, cleaners, mark, headlamps, case, requirements, approved, fluid, beam, granted, annex, period, test, measuring, applying, technical, manufacturer, service, tests, means, capacity, production, extension, parties, surface, passing, part, points, device, weight, pursuant, regard, vehicles, installation, submitted

Text Extract:

All InterRegs documents are formatted as PDF files and contain the full text, tables, diagrams and illustrations of the original as issued by the national government authority. We do not re-word, summarise, cut or interpret the regulatory documents. They are consolidated, published in English, and updated on a regular basis. The following text extract indicates the scope of the document, but does not represent the actual PDF content.

E/ECE/324
) Rev.1/Add.44/Rev.2Amend.3
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
November 9, 2015
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 45-01
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
HEADLAMP CLEANERS AND OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO
HEADLAMP CLEANERS
Incorporating:
01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.02.88
Supplement 1 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 30.12.90
Supplement 2 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 05.05.91
Corr. to the 01 series of amendments
Dated: 20.06.91
Corr. 1 to the 01 series of amendments
Dated: 30.06.95
Supplement 3 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 03.01.98
Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 29.12.00
Corr. 1 to Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments
Dated: 13.03.01
Corr. 2 to Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments
Dated: 05.06.01
Corr. 3 of 30.04.09 to Supplement 4 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.03.09
Supplement 5 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.06.07
Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 24.10.09
Corr. 1 to Supplement 6 to the 01 series of amendments
Dated: 11.11.09
Supplement 7 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.07.13
Supplement 8 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 03.11.13
Supplement 9 to the 01 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 08.10.15

REGULATION NO. 45-01
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF HEADLAMP CLEANERS AND OF
POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES WITH REGARD TO HEADLAMP CLEANERS
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for Approval
4. Markings
5. Approval
6. General Specifications
7. Cleaning Efficiency Verification
CONTENTS
8. Modification of Type and Extension of Approval
9. Conformity of Production
10. Penalties for Non-conformity of Production
11. Production Definitely Discontinued
12. Names and Addresses of the Technical Service Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests
and of Administrative Departments
13. Transitional provisions
ANNEXES
Annex 1
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4
Communication Concerning the Approval or Refusal or Extension or Withdrawal of Approval
or Production Definitely Discontinued of a Type of Headlamp Cleaner, Pursuant to
Regulation No. 45.
Communication Concerning the Approval or Refusal or Extension or Withdrawal of Approval
or Production Definitely Discontinued of a Vehicle Type with Regard to Headlamp Cleaners,
Pursuant to Regulation No. 45.
Arrangements of the Approval Marks.
Procedure for Testing the Performance of Headlamp Cleaners.

2.5. "Fluid container" means that part of the headlamp cleaner in which - in the appropriate
cases - the cleaning fluid is stored;
2.6. "Cleaning efficiency" means the percentage of the intensity of illumination measured at a
measuring point after cleaning with respect to the values measured with the sample totally
clean;
2.7. "Cleaning period" means the period of time comprising one or more cleaning operations to
fulfil the requirements specified in Paragraph 7 below to be met.
2.8. "Cleaning operation" means any suitable process for cleaning;
2.9. The definitions given in Regulation No. 48 and its series of amendments in force at the time
of application for type approval shall apply to this Regulation.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a type of headlamp cleaner shall be submitted by the holder
of the trade name or mark or by his duly accredited representative.
3.2. The application for approval of a vehicle type with regard to the headlamp cleaners shall be
submitted by the vehicle manufacturer or by his duly accredited representative.
3.3. The application shall specify either the type number or the approval number of the
headlamp(s) or the shapes and dimensions of the headlamp(s) for which the cleaner is
intended and shall be accompanied by the undermentioned documents, in triplicate giving
the following particulars:
3.3.1. Drawings showing in sufficient detail the installation to a vehicle, the relative attachment
between the headlamp(s) and the wiper(s), nozzle(s), or corresponding parts, the position of
the approval mark and the cleaning principle employed; where appropriate, the part of the
illuminating surface of the headlamp relevant to the cleaner shall also be shown;
3.3.2. Either a specification of the type(s) or the approval number(s) of the headlamp(s) for which
the cleaner is intended if only a part of the lens is cleaned or a specification of the main
measures (diameter and radius of curvature of the lens) if the lens is cleaned uniformly;
3.3.3. A list, specifying the parts which constitute the headlamp cleaner and drawings thereof,
(e.g. pumps, nozzles, valves, motors and wipers);
3.3.4. A brief technical description indicating the length of the cleaning period, the consumption of
cleaning fluid during the cleaning period and the minimum capacity of the container
provided;
3.3.5. For each type of headlamp, one sample intended for the installation on the left side of the
vehicle and one sample intended for the installation of the right side of the vehicle, complete
with relevant headlamp(s) installed as described in paragraph 3.3.1. above, either on (a)
suitable test fixture(s) or on (a) vehicle(s) representative of the type(s) to be approved, in
such a manner as to allow normal operation of the cleaner and the headlamp(s). In the case
of headlamps for right hand traffic and left hand traffic, it is sufficient to test only one set of
headlamps for either right hand traffic or for left hand traffic;

5.5. There shall be affixed, conspicuously and in a readily accessible place specified on the
approval form, to every vehicle or headlamp cleaner conforming to a type approved under
this Regulation, an international approval mark consisting of:
5.5.1. A circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
granting approval;
5.5.2. For a vehicle type, the number of this Regulation, followed by the Letter R, a dash and the
approval number to the right of the circle prescribed in Paragraph 5.5.1;
5.5.3. For a vehicle type, the following additional symbol: a rectangle surrounding a figure
expressing the capacity class of the fluid container; the class can be either 50 or 25 as
stipulated in Paragraph 6.5.2.1;
5.5.4. For a type of headlamp cleaner, an approval number.
5.6. If the vehicle conforms to a vehicle type approved, under one or more other Regulations
annexed to the Agreement, in the country which has granted approval under this
Regulation, the symbol prescribed in Paragraph 5.5.1, need not be repeated; in such a case
the regulation and approval numbers and the additional symbols of all the Regulations
under which approval has been granted in the country which has granted approval under
this Regulation shall be placed in vertical columns to the right of the symbol prescribed in
Paragraph 5.5.1.
5.7. The approval mark shall be clearly legible and be indelible.
5.8. For a vehicle type, the approval mark shall be placed either near the headlamps or close to
or on the plate affixed by the manufacturer showing the characteristics of the vehicle.
5.9. Annex 3 to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of approval marks.
6. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
6.1. The headlamp cleaner shall be designed and constructed to clean those parts of the
light-emitting surface of the headlamps which produce the principal passing beam and, as
an option, the driving beam, so that at least the cleaning effect specified in Paragraph 7
below is achieved.
6.1.1. In case the passing beam is provided by an adaptive front-lighting system (AFS): the
headlamp cleaner shall be designed and constructed to clean those parts of the
light-emitting surface of the AFS which need, according to the provisions of
Paragraph 6.22.9.1 of Regulation No. 48, to be installed with a cleaning device.

6.3.3. In cases where the cleaner comprises a wiper, Paragraph 6.3.2. above shall not apply to the
wiper blades or to any supporting members. However, these units shall be so made as to
have no sharp angles or pointed or cutting parts of a non-functional nature. Any wiper shaft
shall be furnished with a protective casing having a radius of curvature of not less than
2.5mm and a surface of not less than 50mm .
6.3.4. In cases where the cleaner comprises a nozzle(s), Paragraph 6.3.2. shall apply neither to
the functional parts of the nozzle(s) nor to the non-functional parts if they protrude less than
5mm;
6.3.5. The provisions of Paragraphs 6.3.1., 6.3.2. and 6.3.3. above shall not apply to those parts of
the headlamp cleaner which are located so that, in static conditions, they cannot be
contacted by a sphere 100mm in diameter.
6.4. The conformity with specifications of Paragraphs 6.2.3., 6.2.4., 6.2.5. and 6.2.6. shall be
certified by the applicant. In the case of doubt, the technical service responsible for
conducting the approval tests can verify that these requirements have been met.
6.5. In case of approval of a vehicle the following requirements shall also be met:
6.5.1. Cleaning of all headlamps producing the principal passing beam shall be compulsory. If
there are more than two headlamps producing the driving beam, the cleaning of one pair of
these headlamps shall be sufficient;
6.5.2. If the cleaner has a fluid container this may be combined with the fluid container for the
windscreen washers and the rear window washer and shall satisfy the following
requirements:
6.5.2.1. The capacity of the fluid container shall be sufficient for at least 50 cleaning periods for
headlamp cleaners of capacity class 50 and at least 25 cleaning periods for headlamp
cleaners of capacity class 25. If the container not only feeds the headlamp cleaner but also
the windscreen washer and/or the rear window washer, this capacity shall be increased by
one litre in all,
6.5.2.2. It shall be easy to check the level of the fluid, and the opening for filling shall be readily
accessible;
6.5.3. Neither the cleaner nor any part of it shall prevent the adjustment of the headlamp and the
replacement of the filament lamp. In case of need, the cleaner or part of it shall be
removable with simple tools. No other prescribed or permissible lighting or light-signalling
devices shall be impaired in their effectiveness either by parts or by the operation of the
headlamp cleaner, except during the cleaning period; it must above all not systematically
deposit any dirt when in normal service, on the light-emitting surfaces of other lighting or
light-signalling devices;
6.5.4. The control of the cleaning device shall be operable from the drivers seat and may be
coupled with the controls for other cleaning devices.
In addition, when the cleaning device is required to be fitted according to Regulation No. 48,
and in the absence of any automatic activation of the cleaning device, it must operate
through at least one cleaning period when, the headlamps being already switched on, the
windscreen washers are operated.

7.4. Measuring point for the headlamp producing the driving beam
Measuring point: HV.
8. MODIFICATIONS OF TYPE AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
8.1. Every modification of a type of headlamp cleaner or a vehicle type shall be notified to the
administrative department which issued the approval. The department may then either:
8.1.1. Consider that the modifications introduced are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse
effect and that in any case the headlamp cleaner or the vehicle still complies with the
requirements; or
8.1.2. Require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
8.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the
procedure specified in Paragraph 5.4. above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this
Regulation.
8.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number to
each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
9. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9.1. Every vehicle or headlamp cleaner bearing an approval mark as prescribed under this
Regulation shall conform to the type approved and satisfy the requirements of Paragraphs 6
and 7 above.
9.2. In order to verify conformity as prescribed in Paragraph 9.1. above, a vehicle or headlamp
cleaner bearing the approval mark pursuant to this Regulation shall be taken from the
production.
10. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
10.1. The approval granted in respect of a type of headlamp cleaner or a vehicle type pursuant to
this Regulation may be withdrawn if the requirements laid down in Paragraph 9.1. above are
not complied with or if the sample taken fails to pass the tests prescribed in Paragraph 9.2.
above.
10.2. If a Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has previously
granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation, by
means of a form conforming to the model in Annexes 1 or 2 to this Regulation.
11. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a type of headlamp cleaner
or vehicle approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority
which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that authority shall
inform thereof the other Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a
form conforming to the model in Annexes 1 or 2 to this Regulation.

ANNEX 1
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
Issued by:
Name of administration
.....................................
.....................................
concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of headlamp cleaner pursuant to Regulation No. 45
Approval No. ................................... Extension No. ...........................................
1. Trade name or mark of the headlamp cleaner: .........................................................................
2. Cleaner type: .............................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's name and address: ..........................................................................................
4. If applicable, name and address of manufacturer's representative: .........................................
5. Approved for the following headlamps (type or approval number) and/or the shapes and
dimensions of relevant headlamp: ............................................................................................
6. Brief description of the cleaner: ................................................................................................
7. Submitted for approval on: ........................................................................................................
8. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests: ..................................................
9. Date of report issued by that service: .......................................................................................
10. Number of report issued by that service: ..................................................................................
11. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn ......................................................................
12. Position of the approval mark on the headlamp cleaner: ..........................................................
13. Place: ........................................................................................................................................

ANNEX 2
COMMUNICATION
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
Issued by:
Name of administration
.....................................
.....................................
concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a vehicle type with regard to headlamp cleaners, pursuant to Regulation No. 45
Approval No. ................................... Extension No. ...........................................
1. Trade name or mark of the vehicle: ...........................................................................................
2. Vehicle type: ..............................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's name and address: ..........................................................................................
4. If applicable, name and address of manufacturer representative: .............................................
...................................................................................................................................................
5. Trade name or mark of headlamp cleaner: ...............................................................................
6. Cleaner type: .............................................................................................................................
7. Headlamp cleaner(s) type approval number(s) (where the vehicle is equipped with a
previously approved headlamp cleaner) ....................................................................................
8. Approved for the following headlamps (type or approval number or shapes and dimensions):
9. Brief description of the cleaner: ................................................................................................
10. Capacity class of the fluid container: 25/50 ............................................................................
11. Submitted for approval on: ........................................................................................................
12. Technical service responsible for conducting approval tests: ...................................................

ANNEX 3
ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARKS
I. ARRANGEMENT OF THE APPROVAL MARK FOR A HEADLAMP CLEANER
The above approval mark affixed to a headlamp cleaner indicates that the cleaner has been approved in
the Netherlands (E 4) under the approval number 012439. The first two digits of the approval number
indicate that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of Regulation No. 45 as
amended by the 01 series of amendments.
Note: The approval number must be placed close to the circle and must be in a position either above or
below the Letter "E" or to the left or the right of that letter. The digits of the approval number must be on
the same side of the Letter "E" and face the same way. The competent authorities shall avoid using
Roman numerals for approval, in order to prevent any confusion with other symbols.

ANNEX 4
PROCEDURE FOR TESTING THE PERFORMANCE OF HEADLAMP CLEANERS
1. GENERAL COMMENT
The tests shall be carried out in still air at an ambient temperature of 23°C ± 5°C.
During the various phases of the test, precautions shall be taken to avoid a thermal shock to
the headlamp glass.
If the manufacturer of the cleaning device has the intention to provide several positions of
the cleaning device and the headlamps, only the headlamp in its worst position to the
cleaning device must be tested. If a cleaning fluid is used the additional nozzles for the
non-simulated side must be present on the test fixture for checking the fluid consumptions.
2. TEST EQUIPMENT
2.1. Test Mixture
2.1.1. For headlamp with the outside lens in glass:
A mixture of water and polluting agent to be applied to the headlamp shall be composed of:
(a)
(b)
9 parts by weight of silica sand with a particle size of 0-100μm,
1 part by weight of vegetable carbon dust produced from beech wood with a particle
size of 0-100μm,
(c) 0.2 parts by weight of NaCMC , and
(d) 5 parts by weight of sodium chloride (pure at 99%).
An appropriate quantity of distilled water with a conductivity of ≤1μS/m.
2.1.2. For headlamp with the outside lens in plastic material:
The mixture of water and polluting agent to be applied to the headlamp shall be composed
of:
(a)
(b)
9 parts by weight of silica sand with a particle size of 0-100μm,
1 part by weight of vegetable carbon dust produced from beech wood with a particle
size of 0-100μm,
(c) 0.2 parts by weight of NaCMC ,
(d) 5 parts by weight of sodium chloride (pure at 99%)
(e)
13 parts by weight of distilled water with a conductivity of ≤1μS/m, and 2 ± 1 parts by
weight of surface-actant.

4. EVALUATION OF CLEANING EFFICIENCY
4.1. After the headlamp(s) has been operated for 10 minutes the dirt mixture shall be applied
evenly to its entire light-emitting surface using the spray gun mentioned above. The mixture
shall then be dried either by operating the headlamp or using hot air. This procedure shall
be repeated, if necessary until the luminous intensity in all measuring points has been
reduced below 20% of the values according to Paragraph 3 of this Annex. At least the
luminous intensity in one of the several measuring points shall be between 15 and 20%.
4.1.1. The values to be used during the tests for the duration of the cleaning period and the
consumption of cleaning fluid during this period shall be the values declared by the
manufacturer. The fluid consumption shall be measured as the mean value over several
cleaning periods as specified by the manufacturer.
4.1.2. After the headlamp has cooled down and not later than 2h after the dirt has dried the
headlamps shall be switched on and the headlamp cleaner shall be operated for the
cleaning period specified by the manufacturer. This cleaning period shall not exceed 10 s.
4.2. If a cleaning fluid is used for the cleaning operation, the test shall be performed with distilled
water with a conductivity of not more than 10μS/cm.
4.3. If the cleaner is designed to be manually operated, the cleaning shall be accomplished with
a maximum of five operations within the time-limit specified in Paragraph 4.1.2. above.
4.4. Where the cleaner is not electrically operated, the operating conditions for the test shall be
specified by the technical service in accordance with the manufacturer.
4.5. After the cleaning operation, the headlamp shall have been allowed to dry. Then the
illumination at the measuring points shall be measured again as required in Paragraph 3
above and values thus obtained shall comply with the requirements specified in Paragraph 7
of this Regulation.
4.6. If the result of the measurements does not meet the requirements according to
Paragraph 4.5. above it is permitted, in the case of a headlamp cleaner operated with a
cleaning fluid, to try to achieve better results by adjusting the jet of the fluid.
Headlamp Cleaners.