Regulation No. 5-02

Name:Regulation No. 5-02
Description:Headlamps - Sealed Beam - European Asymmetrical Passing/Driving Beam.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Power-Driven Vehicle's Sealed Beam Headlamps (SB) Emitting a European Asymmetrical Passing Beam or a Driving Beam or Both.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1968-09-30
Amendment Level:02 Series, Supplement 7
Number of Pages:60
Vehicle Types:Agricultural Tractor, Component
Subject Categories:Prior Versions
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Keywords:

approval, beam, regulation, headlamp, paragraph, test, requirements, passing, annex, unit, samples, driving, headlamps, tests, traffic, lens, type, lamp, values, mark, production, sample, material, designed, amendments, series, photometric, conformity, units, force, lamps, case, prescribed, light, point, figure, accordance, approved, left-hand, number, incorporated, results, measured, reciprocally, illumination, date, meet, right-hand, lenses, mixture

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324 )
E/ECE/TRANS/505 ) Add.4/Rev.4
November 6, 2008
.
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 5-02
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLE'S "SEALED BEAM" HEADLAMPS (SB) EMITTING A
EUROPEAN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM OR A DRIVING BEAM OR BOTH
Incorporating:
Supplement 1 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.02.90
Supplement 2 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 27.10.92
Corr. 1 to Revision 3 to the 02 series of amendments
Dated: 10.03.95
Supplement 3 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.01.97
Supplement 4 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 27.04.98
Supplement 5 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.07.06
Supplement 6 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 02.02.07
Supplement 7 to the 02 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.10.08

REGULATION NO. 5
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLE'S
"SEALED BEAM" HEADLAMPS (SB) EMITTING A EUROPEAN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM
OR A DRIVING BEAM OR BOTH
REGULATION
1. Scope
2. Definitions
3. Application for approval
4. Markings
5. Approval
6. General Specifications
7. Rated values
8. Illumination
9. Colour
10. Gauging of discomfort
11. Conformity of production
12. Penalties for non-conformity of production
CONTENTS
13. Modifications of the type of sealed beam headlamp unit (SB unit) and extension of approval
14. Production definitely discontinued
15. Transitional provisions
16. Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of
administrative departments

REGULATION NO. 5
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLE'S
"SEALED BEAM" HEADLAMPS (SB) EMITTING A EUROPEAN ASYMMETRICAL PASSING BEAM
OR A DRIVING BEAM OR BOTH
1. SCOPE
This Regulation applies to sealed-beam headlamps (SB) for vehicles of Category T .
2. DEFINITIONS
For the purpose of this Regulation,
2.1. "Sealed beam" headlamp unit (hereinafter termed "SB unit"), means a headlamp unit whose
components, comprising a reflector system, a lens system and one or more electrical light
sources are all parts of an integral whole which has been sealed in the course of manufacture
and which cannot be dismantled without rendering the unit completely unusable;
2.2. "Lens" means the outermost component of the headlamp (unit) which transmits light through
the illuminating surface;
2.3. "Coating" means any product or products applied in one or more layers to the outer face of a
lens;
2.4. SB units are considered to be of different types if they differ in one or more of the following
essentials of form or characteristics:
2.4.1. Trade name or mark;
2.4.2. Characteristics of the optical system;
2.4.3. Inclusion of additional components capable of altering the optical effects by reflection,
refraction, absorption and/or deformation during operation;
2.4.4. The rated voltage (the same approval number may be granted if the only change is of rated
voltage);
2.4.5. The rated wattage;
2.4.6. The shape of the filament(s);
2.4.7. The kind of beam produced (passing beam, driving beam of both);
2.4.8. Suitability for right-hand or left-hand traffic or for both traffic systems;
2.4.9. The colour of the light emitted;
2.4.10. The materials constituting the lens and coating, if any.

3.3. The materials making up the lenses and coatings, if any, shall be accompanied by the test
report of the characteristics of these materials and coatings if they have already been tested.
3.4. The competent authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring
effective control of the conformity of production before type approval is granted.
4. MARKINGS
4.1. SB units submitted for approval shall bear the trade name or mark of the applicant.
4.2. They shall comprise on the front lens, a space of sufficient size for the approval mark and the
additional symbols provided for in Paragraph 5 below; the space must be shown on the
drawings referred to in Paragraph 3.2.1. above.
4.3. They shall carry, either on the front lens or on the body, the values of the rated voltage and of
the rated wattage of the driving beam filament, followed by that of the rated wattage of the
passing beam filament, as applicable.
4.4. In the case of SB units designed to meet the requirements both of countries where the traffic
keeps to the right and of those where the traffic keeps to the left, the two settings of the unit
on the vehicle shall be marked by the Letters "R/D" for the position for right-hand traffic and
the Letters "L/G" for the position for left-hand traffic.
4.5. The trade names or marks and markings provided for under this Paragraph 4 shall be clearly
legible and indelible.
5. APPROVAL
5.1. General
5.1.1. If all the headlamp type samples submitted in accordance with Paragraph 3 above satisfy the
provisions of this Regulation, approval shall be granted.
5.1.2. Where grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps satisfy the requirements of
more than one Regulation, a single international approval mark may be affixed provided that
each of the grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps satisfies the provisions
applicable to it.
5.1.3. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. The same Contracting Party
may not assign the same number to another type of headlamp covered by this Regulation
except in the case of an extension of the approval to a device differing only in the colour of
the light emitted.

5.2.2.7. In every case the relevant operating mode during the next procedure according to
Paragraph 1.1.1.1. of Annex 5 and the allowed voltage(s) according to Paragraph 1.1.1.2 of
Annex 5 shall be stipulated on the approval certificates and on the communication form
transmitted to the countries which are Contracting Parties to the Agreement and which apply
this Regulation.
In the corresponding cases the device shall be marked as follows:
On units meeting the requirements of this Regulation which are so designed that the filament
of the passing beam shall not be lit simultaneously with that of any other lighting function with
which it may be reciprocally incorporated:
An oblique stroke (/) shall be placed behind the passing lamp symbol in the approval mark;
5.2.2.8. The two digits of the approval number (at present 02) which indicate the series of
amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the
Regulation and at the time of issue of the approval and, if necessary, the required arrow may
be marked close to the above additional symbols;
5.2.2.9. The marks and symbols referred to in Paragraphs 5.2.1 and 5.2.2 above shall be clearly
legible and indelible even when the headlamp is fitted in the vehicle.
5.3. Arrangement of the Approval Mark
5.3.1. Independent Lamps
Annex 4, Figures 1 to 9, to this Regulation gives examples of arrangements of the approval
mark with the above-mentioned additional symbols.
5.3.2. Grouped, Combined or Reciprocally Incorporated Lamps
5.3.2.1. Where grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps have been found to comply with
the requirements of several Regulations, a single international approval mark may be affixed,
consisting of a circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the
country which has granted the approval, and an approval number. This approval mark may
be located anywhere on the grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps, provided
that:
5.3.2.1.1. It is visible after their installation;
5.3.2.1.2. No part of the grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated lamps that transmits light can
be removed without at the same time removing the approval mark.
5.3.2.2. The identification symbol for each lamp appropriate to each Regulation under which approval
has been granted, together with the corresponding series of amendments incorporating the
most recent major technical amendments to the Regulation at the time of issue of the
approval and, if necessary, the required arrow shall be marked:
5.3.2.2.1. Either on the appropriate light-emitting surface,
5.3.2.2.2. Or in a group, in such a way that each of the grouped, combined or reciprocally incorporated
lamps may be clearly identified (see four possible examples in Annex 4).

6.4. If the units are circular they shall provide all the physical features and electrical connections
shown in one of the plates SB - SB in Annex 4 and shall be made to the dimensions in that
plate.
6.5. SB units designed to meet the requirements both of countries where the traffic keeps to the
right and of those where the traffic keeps to the left, may be adapted for traffic on a given side
of the road either by an appropriate initial setting when fitted on the vehicle, or by selective
setting by the user. Such initial or selective setting may consist, for example, of fixing the
angular setting of the unit on the vehicle. In all cases, only two precise setting positions, one
for right-hand and one for left-hand traffic, shall be possible, and the design shall preclude
inadvertent shifting of the unit from the one position to the other or its setting in an
intermediate position. Conformity with the requirements of this paragraph shall be verified
visually and, where necessary, by a test fitting.
6.6. Complementary tests shall be done according to the requirements of Annex 5 to ensure that
in use there is no excessive change in photo metric performance.
6.7. If the lens of the headlamp is of plastic material, tests shall be done according to the
requirements of Annex 6.
7. RATED VALUES
7.1. The values of rated voltage are: 6, 12 and 24 volts.
7.2. The power consumed at the test voltage by any submitted SB unit shall not exceed the rated
wattage marked on the unit, by more than the percentage specified in Table 1. No lower limit
is specified for the tolerance on wattage but the minimum illumination values specified in
Table 2 of Paragraph 8.8 must be obtained.
Double filaments
Table 1
Circular units of
180 mm diameter
Circular units of
145 mm diameter
Rated voltage 6 12 6 12
Test voltage 6 12 6 12
Rated wattage and permitted tolerance
Driving beam 60 + 0% 37.5 + 0%
Passing beam 50 + 0% 50 + 0%
Driving beam filament only 75 + 0% 50 + 0%
Passing beam filament only 50 + 0% 50 + 0%

8.8. The illumination produced on the screen by the passing beam shall meet the following
requirements:
Table 2
SB units for
right-hand traffic
B 50 L
75 R
Point on measuring screen
SB units for
left-hand traffic
B 50 R
75 L
Required illumination in lux
Minimum

6
Maximum
0.3

50 R
25 L
50 L
25 R
6
1.5


25 R 25 L 1.5 −
Every point in Zone III − 0.7
Every point in Zone IV 2 −
Every point in Zone I − 20
8.8.1. There shall be no lateral variations detrimental to good visibility in any of the Zones, I, II, III
and IV;
8.8.2. SB units designed to meet the requirements of both right-hand and left-hand traffic must, in
each of the two setting positions, meet the requirements set forth above for the corresponding
direction of traffic.
8.9. In the case of an SB unit designed to provide a driving beam and a passing beam,
measurements of the illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam shall be taken
with the same unit alignment and voltage as for measurements under Paragraph 8.8 above.
8.10. The illumination produced on the screen by the driving beam shall meet the following
requirements:
8.10.1. The point of intersection HV of the line hh and vv shall be situated within the isolux 90% of
maximum illumination. The maximum value shall not be less than 32 lux;
8.10.2. Starting from Point HV, horizontally to the right and left, illumination shall be not less than
16 lux up to a distance of 1.125 m, and not less than 4 lux up to a distance of 2.25 m.
8.11. The screen illumination values mentioned in Paragraphs 8.8 and 8.9 above shall be
measured by means of a photoelectric cell, the effective area of which shall be contained
within a square of 65 mm side.
9. COLOUR
The light emitted shall be white.

11.4.5. The competent authority shall strive to obtain a frequency of inspection of once every two
years. However, this is at the discretion of the competent authority and their confidence in the
arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production. In the case where
negative results are recorded, the competent authority shall ensure that all necessary steps
are taken to re-establish the conformity of production as rapidly as possible.
11.5. Headlamps with apparent defects are disregarded.
11.6. The reference mark is disregarded.
12. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
12.1. The approval granted in respect of an SB unit pursuant to this Regulation may be withdrawn if
the requirements set forth above are not met, or if a unit bearing the approval mark does not
conform to the type approved.
12.2. If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation withdraws an approval it has
previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this
Regulation.
13. MODIFICATIONS OF THE TYPE OF SEALED BEAM HEADLAMP UNIT (SB UNIT) AND
EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
13.1. Every modification of the type of sealed beam headlamp unit (SB unit) shall be notified to the
administrative department which approved the type of sealed beam headlamp unit (SB unit).
The department may then either:
13.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse effect and
that in any case the sealed beam headlamp unit (SB unit) still complies with the requirements;
or
13.1.2. Require a further test report from the technical service responsible for conducting the tests.
13.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated by the
procedure specified in Paragraph 5.1.4. above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this
Regulation.
13.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number to
each communication form drawn up for such an extension and inform thereof the other parties
to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form
conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this Regulation.
14. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a device approved in
accordance with this Regulation he shall so inform the authority which granted the
approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the
other Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication
form conforming to the model in Annex 2 to this Regulation.

ANNEX 1
SB UNITS FOR AGRICULTURAL OR FOREST TRACTORS
AND OTHER SLOW-MOVING VEHICLES
1. The provisions of this Regulation shall also apply to the approval of special SB units for
agricultural or forest tractors and other slow-moving vehicles, such units being intended to
provide both a driving beam and a passing beam and having a diameter of less than
160 mm with the following modifications:
1.1. The minimum requirements for illumination laid down in paragraph 8.8. of this Regulation
shall be reduced in the ratio
D − 45
160 − 45
subject to the following absolute lower limits:
3 lux at either Point 75R or Point 75L;
5 lux at either Point 50R or Point 50L;
1.5 lux in Zone IV;
1.2. Instead of the symbols provided for in Paragraph 5.2.2. of this Regulation, the unit shall be
marked with the Letters "SM" in an inverted triangle.

9. Number of report issued by that service ....................................................................................................
10. Approval granted/refused/extended/withdrawn .....................................................................................
11. Reason(s) of extension (if applicable)........................................................................................................
12. Maximum intensity (in lux) of the driving beam at 25 m from the unit.......................................................
13. Test laboratory ............................................................................................................................................
14. Date and number of laboratory report ........................................................................................................
15. Date of extension of the approval...............................................................................................................
16. Place............................................................................................................................................................
17. Date .............................................................................................................................................................
18. Signature .....................................................................................................................................................
19. The attached drawing, No. . . . . . . , shows the unit in front view (with, if applicable, details of the lens
moulding) and a cross-section.

If this value exceeds 1.5 mrad but is not more than 2.0 mrad, a second headlamp shall be
subjected to the test after which the mean of the absolute values recorded on both samples
shall not exceed 1.5 mrad.
1.4. The chromaticity co-ordinates shall be complied with.
2. MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR VERIFICATION OF CONFORMITY BY THE
MANUFACTURER
For each type of headlamp the holder of the approval mark shall carry out at least the following
tests, at appropriate intervals. The tests shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions
of this Regulation.
If any sampling shows non-conformity with regard to the type of test concerned, further samples
shall be taken and tested. The manufacturer shall take steps to ensure the conformity of the
production concerned.
2.1. Nature of Tests
Tests of conformity in this Regulation shall cover the photometric characteristics and the
verification of the change in vertical position of the cut-off line under the influence of heat.
2.2. Methods Used in Tests
2.2.1. Tests shall generally be carried out in accordance with the methods set out in this Regulation.
2.2.2. In any test of conformity carried out by the manufacturer, equivalent methods may be used with
the consent of the competent authority responsible for approval tests. The manufacturer is
responsible for proving that the applied methods are equivalent to those laid down in this
Regulation.
2.2.3. The application of Paragraphs 2.2.1. and 2.2.2. requires regular calibration of test apparatus
and its correlation with measurements made by a competent authority.
2.2.4. In all cases the reference methods shall be those of this Regulation, particularly for the purpose
of administrative verification and sampling.
2.3. Nature of Sampling
Samples of headlamps shall be selected at random from the production of a uniform batch. A
uniform batch means a set of headlamps of the same type, defined according to the production
methods of the manufacturer.
The assessment shall in general cover the series production from individual factories. However,
a manufacturer may group together records concerning the same type from several factories,
provided these operate under the same quality system and quality management.

ANNEX 4
EXAMPLES OF ARRANGEMENTS OF APPROVAL MARKS
Figure 1
The SB headlamp bearing the approval marking shown above is a headlamp approved in the Netherlands
(E4) meeting the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 02 series of amendments in respect of
both the driving beam and the passing beam (SCR), and which is designed for right-hand traffic only.
Note:
The approval number and the additional symbol(s) shall be placed close to the circle and either above or
below the Letter "E", or to the right or left of that letter. The digits of the approval number shall be on the
same side of the Letter "E" and face the same direction.
The additional symbol(s) must be diametrically opposed to the approval number.
The use of Roman numerals as approval numbers should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with
other symbols.

Figure 4 Figure 5
The SB headlamp bearing the approval mark shown above is a headlamp incorporating the lens of plastic
material meeting the requirements of this Regulation with respect to the passing beam and only, and
designed:
For both traffic systems.
For right-hand traffic only.

Figure 8 Figure 9
Identification of a headlamp meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 5
With respect to both the passing beam and the
driving beam and designed for right-hand traffic
only.
With respect to the passing beam only
and designed for right-hand traffic only.
The passing lamp filament shall not be lit simultaneously with the driving lamp filament and/or another
reciprocally incorporated lamp.

Model C
Model D
Note:
The four examples shown above correspond to a lighting device bearing an approval mark relating to:
A front position lamp approved in accordance with the 01 series of amendments to Regulation No. 7;
A headlamp meeting the requirements of this Regulation with respect to the passing beam and to the
driving beam, and designed for both traffic systems and incorporating a lens of plastic material;
A front fog lamp approved in accordance with the 02 series of amendments to Regulation No. 19 and
incorporating a lens of plastic material;
A front direction indicator lamp of Category 1a approved in accordance with the 02 series of
amendments to Regulation No. 6.

Figure 11
Example 2
The above example corresponds to the marking of a lens used in an assembly of two headlamps approved
in Germany (E1), consisting of a headlamp emitting a passing beam designed for both traffic systems and
of a driving beam meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 1, and of a headlamp emitting a driving
beam meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 5.




STANDARD EUROPEAN BEAM
Plate SB

(c)
In the case of grouped lighting functions all the individual functions shall be lit
simultaneously for the time specified for individual lighting functions (a) also taking into
account the use of reciprocally incorporated lighting functions (b), according to the
manufacturer's specifications.
1.1.1.2. Test voltage
The voltage shall be adjusted so as to supply a wattage 15% (26% for 24 V types) higher
than the rated wattage specified in this Regulation for the type(s) of SB headlamp(s)
concerned is (are) obtained.
1.1.2. Test Results
1.1.2.1. Visual inspection
Once the headlamp has been stabilised to the ambient temperature, the headlamp lens and
the external lens, if any, shall be cleaned with a clean, damp cotton cloth. It shall then be
inspected visually; no distortion, deformation, cracking or change in colour of either the
headlamp lens or the external lens, if any, shall be noticeable.
1.1.2.2. Photometric test
To comply with the requirements of this Regulation, the photometric values shall be verified in
the following points:
Passing beam:
50 R – B 50 L – HV for headlamps designed for right-hand traffic,
50 L – B 50 R – HV for headlamps designed for left-hand traffic,
Driving beam:
Point of E
Another aiming may be carried out to allow for any deformation of the headlamp base due to
heat (the change of the position of the cut-off line is covered in Paragraph 2 of this annex);
a 10% discrepancy between the photometric characteristics and the values measured prior to
the test is permissible including the tolerances of the photometric procedure.
1.2. Dirty Headlamp
After being tested as specified in Paragraph 1.1. above, the headlamp shall be operated for
one hour as described in Paragraph 1.1.1., after being prepared as prescribed in
Paragraph 1.2.1., and checked as prescribed in Paragraph 1.1.2.
1.2.1. Preparation of the Headlamp
1.2.1.1. Text Mixture

1.2.1.3. Measuring Equipment
The measuring equipment shall be equivalent to that used during headlamp approval tests.
2. TEST FOR CHANGE IN VERTICAL POSITION OF THE CUT-OFF LINE UNDER THE
INFLUENCE OF HEAT
2.1. Test
This test consists of verifying that the vertical drift of the cut-off line under the influence of
heat does not exceed a specified value for an operating passing lamp.
The headlamp tested in accordance with Paragraph 1.1., shall be subjected to the test
described in Paragraph 2.1., without being removed from or readjusted in relation to its test
fixture.
The test shall be carried out in a dry and still atmosphere at an ambient temperature of
23°C ± 5°C.
Using a mass production SB headlamp which has been aged for at least one hour the
headlamp shall be operated on passing beam without being dismounted from or readjusted in
relation to its test fixture. (For the purpose of this test, the voltage shall be adjusted as
specified in Paragraph 1.1.1.2.) The position of the cut-off line in its horizontal part (between
vv and the vertical line passing through Point B 50 L for right-hand traffic or B 50 R for
left-hand traffic) shall be verified 3 minutes (r ) and 60 minutes (r ) respectively after
operation.
The measurement of the variation in the cut-off line position as described above shall be
carried out by any method giving acceptable accuracy and reproducible results.
2.2. Test Results
2.2.1. The result expressed in milliradians (mrad) shall be considered as acceptable when the
absolute value Δ r = (r - r ) recorded on the headlamp is not more than 1.0 mrad
(Δ r ≤ 1.0 mrad).
2.2.2. However, if this value is more than 1.0 mrad but not more than 1.5 mrad
(1.0 mrad Δ r ≤ 1.5 mrad) a second headlamp shall be tested as described in Paragraph 2.1.
after being subjected three consecutive times to the cycle as described below, in order to
stabilise the position of mechanical parts of the headlamp on a base representative of the
correct installation on the vehicle:
Operation of the passing lamp for 1 hour, (the voltage shall be adjusted as specified in
Paragraph 1.1.1.2.),
Period of rest for 1 hour.
The headlamp type shall be considered as acceptable if the mean value of the absolute
values Δ r measured on the first sample and Δ r measured on the second sample is not
more than 1.0 mrad
( Δ r
⋅ Δ r
2
)
≤ 1.0 mrad

2.1.2. Photometric Measurements
2.1.2.1. Method
2.1.2.2. Results
Photometric measurements shall be carried out on the samples before and after the test.
These measurements shall be made using a standard lamp, at the following points:
B 50 L and 50 R for the passing beam of a passing lamp or a passing/driving lamp (B 50 R
and 50 L in the case of headlamps intended for left-hand traffic);
E route for the driving beam of a driving lamp or a passing/driving lamp.
The variation between the photometric values measured on each sample before and after the
test shall not exceed 10% including the tolerances of the photometric procedure.
2.2. Resistance to Atmospheric and Chemical Agents
2.2.1. Resistance to Atmospheric Agents
Three new samples (lenses or samples of material) shall be exposed to radiation from a
source having a spectral energy distribution similar to that of a black body at a temperature
between 5,500K and 6,000K. Appropriate filters shall be placed between the source and the
samples so as to reduce as far as possible radiations with wave lengths smaller than 295 nm
and greater than 2,500 nm. The samples shall be exposed to an energetic illumination of
1,200 W/m ± 200 W/m for a period such that the luminous energy that they receive is equal
to 4,500 MJ/m ± 200 MJ/m . Within the enclosure, the temperature measured on the black
panel placed on a level with the samples shall be 50°C ± 5°C. In order to ensure a regular
exposure, the samples shall revolve around the source of radiation at a speed between 1 and
5 l/min.
The samples shall be sprayed with distilled water of conductivity lower than 1 mS/m at a
temperature of 23°C ±5°C, in accordance with the following cycle:
Spraying: 5 minutes;
Drying: 25 minutes.
2.2.2. Resistance to Chemical Agents
After the test described in Paragraph 2.2.1. above and the measurement described in
Paragraph 2.2.3.1.below have been carried out, the outer face of the said three samples shall
be treated as described in Paragraph 2.2.2.2. with the mixture defined in Paragraph 2.2.2.1.
below.
2.2.2.1. Test Mixture
The test mixture shall be composed of 61.5% n-heptane, 12.5% toluene, 7.5% ethyl
tetrachloride, 12.5% trichloroethylene and 6% xylene (volume %).

2.3. Resistance to Detergents and Hydrocarbons
2.3.1. Resistance to Detergents
The outer face of three samples (lenses or samples of material) shall be heated to
50°C ± 5°C and then immersed for five minutes in a mixture maintained at 23°C ± 5°C and
composed of 99 parts distilled water containing not more than 0.02% impurities and one part
alkylaryl sulphonate.
At the end of the test, the samples shall be dried at 50°C ± 5°C. The surface of the samples
shall be cleaned with a moist cloth.
2.3.2. Resistance to Hydrocarbons
2.3.3. Results
The outer face of these three samples shall then be lightly rubbed for one minute with a
cotton cloth soaked in a mixture composed of 70% n-heptane and 30% toluene (volume
percent), and shall then be dried in the open air.
After the above two tests have been performed successively, the mean value of the variation
in transmission
T
Δ t =
− T
T
,
measured on the three samples according to the procedure described in Appendix 2 to this
Annex shall not exceed 0.010
( Δ t ≤ 0.010)
2.4. Resistance to mechanical deterioration
2.4.1. Mechanical Deterioration Method
2.4.2. Results
The outer face of the three new samples (lenses) shall be subjected to the uniform
mechanical deterioration test by the method described in Appendix 3 to this annex.
After this test, the variations:
In transmission:
T
Δ t =
− T
T
,
And in diffusion:
T
Δ t =
− T
T
,

3. VERIFICATION OF THE CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
3.1. With regard to the materials used for the manufacture of lenses, the lamps of a series shall be
recognised as complying with this Regulation if:
3.1.1. After the test for resistance to chemical agents and the test for resistance to detergents and
hydrocarbons, the outer face of the samples exhibits no cracks, chipping or deformation
visible to the naked eye (see Paragraphs 2.2.2., 2.3.1. and 2.3.2.);
3.1.2. After the test described in Paragraph 2.6.1.1., the photometric values at the points of
measurement considered in Paragraph 2.6.1.2. are within the limits prescribed for conformity
of production by this Regulation.
3.2. If the test results fail to satisfy the requirements, the tests shall be repeated on another
sample of headlamps selected at random.

B. Tests on complete lamps (supplied pursuant to Paragraph 3.2.3 of this Regulation)
Tests
2.1. Deterioration (Paragraph 2.6.1.1.)
2.2. Photometry (Paragraph 2.6.1.2.)
2.3. Adherence (Paragraph 2.6.2.)
Complete headlamp
Sample No.
1 2
x
x
x

2. MEASUREMENTS
The following readings shall be taken:
Reading With sample With central part of D Quantity represented
T no no Incident flux in initial reading
T
T
T
T
yes
(before test)
yes
(before test)
yes
(before test)
yes
(after test)
no
no
yes
yes
Flux transmitted by the new material in a
field of 24°C
Flux transmitted by the tested material in
a field of 24°C
Flux diffused by the new material
Flux diffused by the tested material

ANNEX 6 - APPENDIX 4
ADHESIVE TAPE ADHERENCE TEST
1. PURPOSE
This method allows to determine under standard conditions the linear force of adhesion of an
adhesive tape to a glass plate.
2. PRINCIPLE
Measurement of the force necessary to unstick an adhesive tape from a glass plate at an
angle of 90°.
3. SPECIFIED ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS
The ambient conditions shall be at 23°C ± 5°C and 65 ± 15% relative humidity (RH).
4. TEST PIECES
Before the test, the sample roll of adhesive tape shall be conditioned for 24 hours in the
specified atmosphere (see Paragraph 3 above).
Five test pieces each 400 mm long shall be tested from each roll. These test pieces shall be
taken from the roll after the first three turns were discarded.
5. PROCEDURE
The test shall be under the ambient conditions specified in Paragraph 3.
Take the five test pieces while unrolling the tape radially at a speed of approximately
300 mm/s, then apply them within 15 seconds in the following manner:
Apply the tape to the glass plate progressively with a slight lengthwise rubbing movement of
the finger, without excessive pressure, in such a manner as to leave no air bubble between
the tape and the glass plate.
Leave the assembly in the specified atmospheric conditions for 10 minutes.
Unstick about 25 mm of the test piece from the plate in a plane perpendicular to the axis of
the test piece.
Fix the plate and fold back the free end of the tape at 90°. Apply force in such a manner that
the separation line between the tape and the plate is perpendicular to this force and
perpendicular to the plate.
6. RESULTS
Pull to unstick at a speed of 300 mm/s ± 30 mm/s and record the force required.
The five values obtained shall be arranged in order and the median value taken as the result
of the measurement. This value shall be expressed in Newtons per centimetre of width of the
tape.

2. FIRST SAMPLING
In the first sampling four headlamps are selected at random. The first sample of two is
marked A, the second sample of two is marked B.
2.1. The Conformity is not Contested
2.1.1. Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of
mass-produced headlamps shall not be contested if the deviation of the measured values of
the headlamps in the unfavourable directions are:
2.1.1.1. Sample A
2.1.1.2. Sample B
A1:
one headlamp
0%
one headlamp not more than
20%
A2:
both headlamps more than
0%
but not more than
20%
go to Sample B
B1: both headlamps 0%
2.1.2. or if the conditions of Paragraph 1.2.2 for Sample A are fulfilled.
2.2. The Conformity is Contested
2.2.1. Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of
mass-produced headlamps shall be contested and the manufacturer requested to make his
production meet the requirements (alignment) if the deviations of the measured values of the
headlamps are:
2.2.1.1. Sample A
2.2.1.2. Sample B
A3:
one headlamp not more than
20%
one headlamp more than
20%
but not more than
30%
B2:
in the case of A2
one headlamp more than
0%
but not more than
20%
one headlamp not more than
20%
B3:
in the case of A2
one headlamp
0%
one headlamp more than
20%
but not more than
30%
2.2.2 or if the conditions of Paragraph 1.2.2 for Sample A are not fulfilled.

3.1.2. or if the conditions of Paragraph 1.2.2 for Sample C are fulfilled.
3.2. The Conformity is Contested
3.2.1. Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of
mass-produced headlamps shall be contested and the manufacturer requested to make his
production meet the requirements (alignment) if the deviations of the measured values of the
headlamps are:
3.2.1.1. Sample D
D2:
in the case of C2
one headlamp more than
0%
but not more than
20%
one headlamp not more than
20%
3.2.1.2. or if the conditions of Paragraph 1.2.2 for Sample C are not fulfilled.
3.3. Approval Withdrawn
3.3.1. Sample C
3.3.2. Sample D
Conformity shall be contested and Paragraph 13 applied if, following the sampling procedure
in Figure 1 of this Annex, the deviations of the measured values of the headlamps are:
C3:
one headlamp not more than
20%
one headlamp more than
20%
C4: both headlamps more than 20%
D3:
in the case of C2
one headlamp 0 or more than
0%
one headlamp more than
20%
3.3.3. or if the conditions of Paragraph 1.2.2 for Samples C and D are not fulfilled.
4. CHANGE OF THE VERTICAL POSITION OF THE CUT-OFF LINE
With respect to the verification of the change in vertical positions of the cut-off line under the
influence of heat, the following procedure shall be applied:
One of the headlamps of Sample A after sampling procedure in Figure 1 of this Annex shall
be tested according to the procedure described in Paragraph 2.1 of Annex 5 after being
subjected three consecutive times to the cycle described in Paragraph 2.2.2 of Annex 5.
The headlamp shall be considered as acceptable if Δr does not exceed 1.5 mrad.
If this value exceeds 1.5 mrad but is not more than 2.0 mrad, the second headlamp of
Sample A shall be subjected to the test after which the mean of the absolute values recorded
in both samples shall not exceed 1.5 mrad.

Headlamps - Sealed Beam - European Asymmetrical Passing/Driving Beam.