Regulation No. 65-00

Name:Regulation No. 65-00
Description:Special Warning Lamps.
Official Title:Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Special Warning Lamps for Power-driven Vehicles and their Trailers.
Country:ECE - United Nations
Date of Issue:1986-09-04
Amendment Level:00 Series, Supplement 9
Number of Pages:34
Vehicle Types:Agricultural Tractor, Bus, Car, Component, Heavy Truck, Light Truck, Motorcycle, Trailer
Subject Categories:Lighting and Light Signalling Equipment
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Keywords:

special, warning, lamp, approval, regulation, light, lamps, type, annex, source, case, flashing, supplement, requirements, category, paragraph, approved, conformity, force, intensity, number, time, date, production, manufacturer, granted, entry, tests, test, photometric, mark, colour, effective, series, reference, axis, rotating, vehicle, module, amendments, directional, minimum, accordance, means, sampling, class, samples, sample, measured, stationary

Text Extract:

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E/ECE/324
) Rev.1/Add.64/Rev.2/Amend.2
E/ECE/TRANS/505 )
October 17, 2014
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
ECE 65-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
SPECIAL WARNING LAMPS FOR POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES AND THEIR TRAILERS
Incorporating:
00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.86
Supplement 1 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 24.08.93
Supplement 2 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.01.97
Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.08.02
Corr. 1 to Supplement 3 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 04.03.04
Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.11.04
Corr. 1 to Supplement 4 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 04.10.04
Supplement 5 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 02.02.07
Supplement 6 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.10.08
Corr. 1 to Supplement 6 to the 00 series of amendments
Dated: 07.08.08
Supplement 7 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.11
Supplement 8 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.11.12
Supplement 9 to the 00 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.10.14

REGULATION
REGULATION No. 65-00
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF SPECIAL WARNING
LAMPS FOR POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES AND THEIR TRAILERS
CONTENTS
Scope
1.
Definitions
2.
Application for approval
3.
Markings
4.
Approval
5.
General specifications
6.
Photometric specifications
7.
Checking the colour of the special warning lamp
8.
Modification of a type of special warning lamp for motor vehicles and extension of approval
9.
Conformity of production
10.
Penalties for non-conformity of production
11.
Production definitively discontinued
12.
Special provision
13.
Transitional provisions
14.
Names and addresses of technical services responsible for conducting approval tests, and
of Type Approval Authorities
ANNEXES
Annex 1 – Communication concerning the approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval
or production definitively discontinued of a type of special warning lamp for motor vehicles,
pursuant to Regulation No. 65
Annex 2
Annex 3
Annex 4
Annex 5
Annex 6
Annex 7
Annex 8
– Examples of approval marks
– Trichromatic co-ordinates for the light emitted through the amber or blue filters constituting
the covers of special warning lamps
– Procedure for the rain test
– Photometric specifications
– Xenon relative spectral distribution
– Minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures
– Minimum requirements for sampling by an inspector

1.2.6. The colour and/or type of the light source,
1.2.7. The colour and construction of the light source module,
1.2.8. Whether the special warning lamp has one level (Class 1) or two levels (Class 2) of
intensity,
1.3. The frequency f is the number of flashes or groups of flashes (see Annex 5, Paragraph 5)
within one second.
1.4. The "on" time t means the period of time within which the luminous intensity of the
flashing light is superior to 1/10 of the maximum value (peak value) J ,
1.5. The "off" time t means the period of time within which the luminous intensity of the
flashing light is less than 1/100 of the maximum value (peak value) J , but not more than
10cd. In the case of groups of flashes the "off" time shall be evaluated from the last flash of
the group to the first flash of the next group;
1.6.
The "effective intensity" J in a fixed direction for both rotating and stationary flashing type
is given by:
J
=
J
1 +
C
FT
J : peak intensity (cd)
C : time constant, C = 0.2s
F : Form-Factor F =

J
J
T
T
J
: time of period
: instantaneous intensity (cd)
1.7. "Reference centre of the special warning lamp" means:
For a rotating or stationary flashing lamp (Category T), and for a directional flashing lamp
(Category X), the intersection of the axis of reference with the exterior light-emitting surface;
it is specified by the manufacturer of the special warning lamp. In the absence of such
specification, it means
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
The optical centre of the light source; or
The geometric centre of the external optical surface; or
In case of an array of light sources in the optical system, the geometric centre of the
array;
shall be considered as the reference centre.

2.2.4. For a special warning lamp device which is comprised of more than one separate unit, the
intended geometrical arrangement when installed on the vehicle including the specification
of each unit and the maximum distance between the units.
2.2.5. Two samples, in principle for a rated voltage of 12 volts and for only one colour, and
eventually two other samples for any other rated voltage in the case where an application is
submitted simultaneously or subsequently for approval of special warning lamps of other
rated voltages. In this case, it is sufficient to carry out tests according to Paragraph 5.3.
below;
2.2.6. Two samples of the outer lens, provided that the construction of the special warning lamp
with exception of the colour of the outer lens remains unchanged and the approval may be
extended simultaneously or subsequently for special warning lamps of another colour. In
this case, it is sufficient to carry out the photometric and colorimetric tests.
2.2.7. Approvals may be extended simultaneously or subsequently for special warning lamps of
another colour provided that the only difference is the colour of the outer lens. In this case, it
is sufficient to carry out the photometric and colorimetric tests. Such extensions are not
applicable to approvals of specials warning lamps samples with light sources of different
colour.
2.3. The competent authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring
effective control on conformity of production before type approval is granted.
2.4. In the case of a type of a special warning lamp differing only by the trade name or mark from
a type that has already been approved it shall be sufficient to submit:
2.4.1. A declaration by the lamp manufacturer that the type submitted is identical (except in the
trade name or mark) with and has been produced by the same manufacturer as the type
already approved, the latter being identified by its approval code;
2.4.2. Two samples bearing the new trade name or mark or equivalent documentation.
3. MARKINGS
3.1. The samples of a type of special warning lamp submitted for approval must bear the trade
name or mark of the applicant, this marking must be clearly legible and indelible.
3.2. Each base, each cover and any external components of a special warning lamp which are
necessary for its required performance shall include a space of sufficient size for the
approval marking, these spaces shall be shown in the drawings mentioned in
Paragraph 2.2.1. above.

4.4. Every special warning lamp conforming to a special warning lamp approved under this
Regulation shall bear, in the spaces referred to in Paragraph 3.2. above and in addition to
the markings prescribed in Paragraphs 3.1. and 3.3., the following:
4.4.1. An international approval mark consisting of:
4.4.1.1. A circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted the approval;
4.4.1.2. An approval number;
4.4.1.3. "T", "HT" or "X" according to the category of the unit, followed by "A" or "B" or "R" according
to the colour of the unit (see Paragraph 2.1. above).
4.4.1.4. "1" or "2" according to the class of the unit (see Paragraph 2.1. above).
4.5. In the case of lamps with light source module(s), the light source module(s) shall bear:
4.5.1. The trade name or mark of the applicant; this marking must be clearly legible and indelible;
4.5.2. The specific identification code of the module; this marking must be clearly legible and
indelible.
This specific identification code shall comprise the starting Letters "MD" for "MODULE"
followed by the approval marking without the circle as prescribed in Paragraph 4.4.1.1; this
specific identification code shall be shown in the drawings mentioned in Paragraph 3.2.2.
above. The approval marking does not have to be the same as the one on the lamp in which
the module is used, but both markings shall be from the same applicant.
4.5.3. The marking of the rated voltage.
4.6. The base, the cover and any external components of the special warning lamp referred to in
Paragraph 3.3. may bear one or more additional approval marks.
In addition, where the same lens is used, the latter may bear the different approval marks
relating to the different types of special warning lamps or units of lamps, provided that the
main body of the special warning lamp also comprises the space described in
Paragraph 3.2. above and bears the approval marks of the actual functions.
If different types of special warning lamps comprise the same main body, it is acceptable, if
an inner part of the optical arrangement also comprises the space described in
Paragraph 3.2. above and bears the approval marks of the actual functions in such a way
that it will be clearly visible from the outside of the lens.
4.7. The approval mark and the markings referred to in Paragraph 3. above shall be clearly
legible and indelible even when the special warning lamp is mounted on the vehicle.
4.8. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the approval mark.

5.9. In the case of special warning lamps approved under this Regulation, it shall be not possible
for the user to activate groups of several flashes (flash patterns), which do not conform to
the requirements in Paragraph 6. of Annex 5.
6. PHOTOMETRIC SPECIFICATIONS
The special warning lamps shall comply with the conditions prescribed in Annex 5 to this
Regulation.
7. CHECKING THE COLOUR OF THE SPECIAL WARNING LAMP
The colour shall comply with the colorimetric boundaries prescribed in Annex 3 to this
Regulation.
The colorimetric characteristics of the light emitted, expressed in CIE chromaticity
co-ordinates, shall be evaluated using the light source as designed, working at the voltage
as specified in Paragraph 4.2. in Annex 5 of this Regulation.
In case of a special warning lamp employing a Xenon flash tube, as an alternative the
chromaticity co-ordinates may be deduced from the spectral distribution of the transmission
of the cover and the transmission or reflection of any other optical effective elements which
could impair the colour of the special warning lamp. The calculation then shall be based on
a luminous source with a relative spectral distribution as listed in Annex 6.
8. MODIFICATION OF A TYPE OF SPECIAL WARNING LIGHT FOR MOTOR VEHICLES
AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL
8.1. Every modification of a type of special warning lamp shall be notified to the Type Approval
Authority which granted the type approval. The department may then either:
8.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects and
that in any event the special warning lamp still complies with the requirements; or
8.1.2. Require a further test report from the technical services responsible for conducting the tests.
8.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be notified by the
procedure specified in Paragraph 4.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement applying this
Regulation.
8.3. The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number to
each communication form drawn up for such an extension.
9. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
9.1. Special warning lamps approved under this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in Paragraphs 5, 6 and
7 above.
9.2. In order to verify that the requirements of Paragraph 9.1. are met, suitable controls of the
production shall be carried out.
9.3. The holder of the approval shall in particular:
9.3.1. Ensure the existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of products;

11. PRODUCTION DEFINITIVELY DISCONTINUED
If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a special warning lamp
approved in accordance with this Regulation, he shall so inform the authority which granted
the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof
the other Contracting Parties to the 1958 Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a
communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
12. SPECIAL PROVISION
12.1. Special warning lamps approved before the introduction of this supplement without the
Category numbers '1' or '2' in their approval mark may be used also in future without time
limitation.
13. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
13.1. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 4, no Contracting Party applying
this Regulation shall refuse to grant approvals under this Regulation as amended.
13.2. As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4, Contracting Parties
applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the type of special warning lamps to be
approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended.
13.3. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant extensions of approval
to a preceding version of this Regulation, up to Supplement 3.
13.4. Approvals granted under this Regulation earlier than 24 months after the date of entry into
force of Supplement 4 and all extensions of approvals, granted subsequently, shall remain
valid indefinitely. When the type of special warning lamps approved to a preceding version
of the Regulation up to its Supplement 3 meets the requirements of this Regulation as
amended by Supplement 4, the Contracting Party which granted the approval shall notify
the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation thereof.
13.5. No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse a type of special warning lamps
approved under this Regulation as amended.
13.6. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 4, no Contracting Party applying
this Regulation shall prohibit the fitting on a vehicle of special warning lamps approved
under this Regulation as amended.
13.7. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to allow the fitting on a vehicle of
special warning lamps approved under the preceding version of the Regulation up to its
Supplement 3 during the 48 months period which follows the date of entry into force of
Supplement 4.
13.8. Upon the expiration of a period of 48 months after the date of entry into force of
Supplement 4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may prohibit the fitting of special
warning lamps, which do not meet the requirements of this Regulation as amended by
Supplement 4, on a new vehicle for which national type or individual approval was granted
more than 24 months after the entry into force of Supplement 4 to this Regulation.

ANNEX 1
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
COMMUNICATION
issued by:
Name of administration
.............................................
.............................................
.............................................
concerning:
APPROVAL GRANTED
APPROVAL EXTENDED
APPROVAL REFUSED
APPROVAL WITHDRAWN
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of a type of special warning lamp for motor vehicles, pursuant to Regulation No. 65
Approval No. .................................................. Extension No. ................................
1. Special warning lamp/rotating/stationary flashing lamp/directional flashing lamp/complete
bar/half bar/blue/amber/red .....................................................................................................
2. Special warning lamp has one/two levels of intensity .............................................................
Special warning lamp consists of ....................... separate units
3. For special warning lamps having two levels of intensity, indicate the system used to obtain
increased intensity at daytime ....................................................................................................
4. Used light source,


category of filament lamp or;
gas discharge light source or;

LED
yes/no
or;
Light source module:
yes/no
Light source module specific identification code: ......................................................................
5.
Rated voltage of special warning lamp ......................................................................................
6.
Trade name or mark...................................................................................................................

ANNEX 2
EXAMPLES OF APPROVAL MARKS
a) b)
a ≥ 8mm
The above approval mark affixed to:
a) A special warning lamp indicates that it has been approved in the Netherlands (E4), under
approval number 002439. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a blue rotating
or stationary flashing special warning lamp of Class 1 (TB 1).
b) A directional flashing lamp indicates that it has been approved in the Netherlands (E4), under
approval number 002440. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a amber
rotating or stationary flashing special warning lamp of Class 2 (TA 2).

g) Example for the specification of individual separate units comprising a special warning lamp of
(Category T) "Rotating or stationary flashing lamp".
("identification mark" / n)
in a case of four units e.g.: (1/4) or (front left/4)
(h)
(i)
h) A half bar of a special warning lamp indicates that it has been approved in Germany (E1) under
approval number 00815. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a blue rotating
or stationary flashing special warning lamp of Class 1 (HTB 1).
(i)
A half bar of a special warning lamp indicates that it has been approved in Germany (E1) under
approval number 00816. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a amber
rotating or stationary flashing special warning lamp of Class 2 (HTA 2).

ANNEX 4
PROCEDURE FOR THE RAIN TEST
A sample of the special warning lamp, fitted in its normal operating position, with all the drainage
apertures open if they exist, shall be subjected to a precipitation of 2.5mm of water per minute, the water
being directed at an angle of 45° and from a nozzle producing a full conical jet.
During the test, the device shall turn on its vertical axis at a rate of 4 turns per minute. However, if the
water is simultaneously directed to the device under test from all directions in the horizontal plane using
a multitude of nozzles, there is no need to rotate the device during the test. In this latter case the water
flow specified above shall be adjusted accordingly to achieve even distribution and the correct
precipitation.
The test shall last for 12h continuously after which the water jet shall be stopped.
One hour later, the sample shall be examined and shall be regarded as having passed the test if the
accumulated volume of water does not exceed 2cm .

6. If the emitted light of a special warning lamp consists of groups of several flashes, the time
distance Δ t between the immediately following flashes must be very short.
If the peak to peak distance Δ t is less or equal to 0.04 s, then the pulses in between are
evaluated as one flash. If this distance Δ t is longer only the flash with the highest effective
intensity is valid. Moreover, the period is limited depending on the ratio between the
effective intensities of the flashes within a group (I = max. effective intensity of the highest
peak, I = max. effective intensity of the lowest peak) as follows:
in case
in case
I
1 <
I
I
> 10 then Δ
I
< 10 then Δ
(s) <
(s) <
1
3f
1

I
f
⎜5.50
− 0.25

I



7. FREQUENCY, TIME, AND INTENSITY OF THE EMITTED LIGHT
7.1. The frequency, the "ON" time and the "OFF" time shall be as specified in the table below:
Frequency f (Hz)
Colour blue or amber
rotating system or flash light sources
(Categories T and X)
max. 4.0
min. 2.0
"ON" time t (s) max. 0.4/f
"OFF" time t (s) min. 0.1

7.3. The effective luminous intensities in the reference axis for a directional flashing lamp
(Category X) shall be as specified in the table below:
Category X
Minimum value of the effective
luminous intensity J on the
reference axis
Maximum value of the effective
luminous intensity J
H = 0°
V = 0°
Inside
H = ±10°
V = ±4°
Inside
H = ±20°
V = ±8°
Outside the
above areas
Colour
blue
amber
red
by day
200
400
200
by night
100
200
100
by day
3 000
3 000
3 000
by night
1 500
1 500
1 500
by day
1 500
1 500
1 500
by night
600
600
600
by day
1 000
1 000
1 000
by night
300
300
300
7.3.1. Table of standard light distribution for special warning flash lamp (Category X)
Minimum horizontal angular range of category "narrow angle effect" is 30° left to 30° right
and for category "wide angle effect" 90° directed outwards the vehicle and 30° to the inside.

ANNEX 6
XENON RELATIVE SPECTRAL DISTRIBUTION
λ S λ rel. λ S λ rel. λ S λ rel. λ S λ rel.
380
385
390
395
400
405
410
415
420
425
430
435
440
445
450
455
460
465
470
475
74.5
73.8
79.5
96.1
84.2
83.1
83.8
82.7
87.3
81.5
80.0
81.9
83.8
80.8
98.5
80.0
91.5
97.7
100.0
97.7
480
485
490
495
500
505
510
515
520
525
530
535
540
545
550
555
560
565
570
575
94.6
87.7
86.9
83.8
77.3
76.2
76.2
76.5
76.9
77.3
77.3
77.3
76.9
76.9
76.5
76.5
76.2
76.5
76.9
77.3
580
585
590
595
600
605
610
615
620
625
630
635
640
645
650
655
660
665
670
675
77.7
77.3
76.2
75.4
73.1
72.3
72.7
75.4
76.2
73.5
73.5
71.2
69.2
71.2
71.2
68.8
68.8
70.4
70.4
71.2
680
685
690
695
700
705
710
715
720
725
730
735
740
745
750
755
760
765
770
775
73.1
80.4
77.7
70.0
67.3
68.8
76.9
74.2
67.7
70.8
78.5
77.3
76.2
72.3
72.3
79.2
90.1




2.2.4. In all cases the reference methods shall be those of this Regulation, particularly for the
purpose of administrative verification and sampling.
2.3. Nature of Sampling
Samples of special warning lamps shall be selected at random from the production of a
uniform batch. A uniform batch means a set of special warning lamps of the same type,
defined according to the production methods of the manufacturer.
The assessment shall in general cover series production from individual factories. However,
a manufacturer may group together records concerning the same type from several
factories, provided these operate under the same quality system and quality management.
2.4. Measured and Recorded Photometric Characteristics
The sampled special warning lamp shall be subjected to photometric measurements for the
minimum photometric values, and the timing values according to Annex 5, and the
chromaticity coordinates listed in Annex 3, provided for in the Regulation.
2.5. Criteria Governing Acceptability
The manufacturer is responsible for carrying out a statistical study of the test results and for
defining, in agreement with the competent authority, criteria governing the acceptability of
his product in order to meet the specifications laid down for verification of conformity of
products in Paragraph 9.1. of this Regulation.
The criteria governing the acceptability shall be such that, with a confidence level of 95%,
the minimum probability of passing a spot check in accordance with Annex 8 (first sampling)
would be 0.95.

2.2. The Conformity is Contested
2.2.1. Following the sampling procedure shown in Figure 1 of this Annex the conformity of
mass-produced special warning lamps shall be contested and the manufacturer requested
to make his production meet the requirements (alignment) if the deviations of the measured
values of the special warning lamps are:
2.2.1.1. Sample A
2.2.1.2. Sample B
A3:
one special warning lamp not more than
20%
one special warning lamp more than
20%
but not more than
30%
B2:
in the case of A2
one special warning lamp more than
0%
but not more than
20%
one special warning lamp not more than
20%
B3:
in the case of A2
one special warning lamp
0%
one special warning lamp more than
20%
but not more than
30%
2.3. Approval Withdrawn
2.3.1. Sample A
2.3.2. Sample B
Conformity shall be contested and Paragraph 10 applied if, following the sampling
procedure in Figure 1 of this Annex, the deviations of the measured values of the special
warning lamp are:
A4:
one special warning lamp not more than
20%
one special warning lamp more than
30%
A5: both special warning lamps more than 20%
B4:
in the case of A2
one special warning lamp more than
0%
but not more than
20%
one special warning lamp more than
20%
B5: in the case of A2
both special warning lamps more than 20%
B6:
in the case of A2
one special warning lamp
0%
one special warning lamp more than
30%

3.3.2. Sample D
4. RAIN TEST
D3:
in the case of C2
one special warning lamp 0 or more than
0%
one special warning lamp more than
20%
One of the special warning lamps of Sample A after sampling procedure in Figure 1 of this
Annex shall be tested according to the procedure described in Annex 4 of this Regulation.
The special warning lamp shall be considered as acceptable if the test has passed.
However, if the test on Sample A is not complied with, the two special warning lamps of
Sample B shall be subjected to the same procedure and both shall pass the test.

Special Warning Lamps.