Regulation No. 44-04
|Name:||Regulation No. 44-04|
|Description:||Child Restraint Systems.|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Restraining Devices for Child Occupants of Power-driven Vehicles ("Child Restraint System").|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||1981-01-22|
|Amendment Level:||04 Series, Supplement 12|
|Number of Pages:||163|
|Subject Categories:||Occupant Protection|
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July 26, 2017
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
RESTRAINING DEVICES FOR CHILD OCCUPANTS OF
POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES ("CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS")
Supplement 6 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.08.04
Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.05
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.05
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.07.06
Corr. 1 of 01.08.06 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 21.06.06
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 02.02.07
Supplement 3 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.06.07
Supplement 4 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.11.07
Corr. 1 of 18.01.08 to Supplement 4 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 14.11.07
Corr. 1 of 15.01.09 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 12.11.08
Corr. 2 of 30.04.09 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 10.03.09
Corr. 3 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Corr. 4 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Supplement 5 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 27.01.13
Supplement 6 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.07.13
Supplement 7 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.02.14
Corr.1 to Revision 3 of the Regulation
Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.01.15
Supplement 9 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 10 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 11 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.02.17
Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.17
REGULATION No. 44-04
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF RESTRAINING DEVICES FOR CHILD
OCCUPANTS OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES ("CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS")
3. Application for Approval
6. General Specifications
7. Particular Specifications
8. Description of Tests
9. Test Reports of Type Approval and of Production Qualification
10. Modifications and Extension of Approval of a Type of Child Restraint System
11. Production Qualification
12. Conformity of Production and Routine Tests
13. Penalties for Non-conformity of Production
14. Production Definitively Discontinued
16. Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
17. Transitional Provisions
Annex 16 – Control of Conformity of Production.
Annex 17 – Test of Energy Absorbing Material
Method of Defining Head Impact Area of Devices with Backrests and for
Rearward-facing Devices Defining the Minimum Size of Side Wings
Annex 19 – Description of Conditioning of Adjusters Mounted Directly on Child Restraints
Annex 20 – Typical Buckle Strength Test Device
Annex 21 – Dynamic Crash Test Installation
Annex 22 – Lower Torso Body Block Test
Annex 23 – Load Application Devices
Annex 24 – Flammability of Materials intended to be used in Built-in Child Restraint Systems
22.214.171.124. ISOFIX Child restraint systems fall into 7 ISOFIX size classes described in
Regulation No. 16 Annex 17, Appendix 2:
Full Height Forward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Height Forward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Height Forward Facing Toddler CRS
Full Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS
Rearward Facing infant CRS
Left Lateral Facing position CRS (carry-cot)
Right Lateral Facing position CRS (carry-cot)
0 - up to 10kg
0+ - up to 13kg
I - 9 to 18kg
ISOFIX size category
2.1.2. Child restraints fall into four "categories":
126.96.36.199. A "universal" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1., 188.8.131.52., and 184.108.40.206.
on most vehicle seat positions, and in particular those which have been assessed
according to Regulation No. 16, − as being compatible with such a category of child
220.127.116.11. A "restricted" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1. and 18.104.22.168. in
designated seat positions for particular vehicle types as indicated by either the child
restraint manufacturer or the vehicle manufacturer:
22.214.171.124. A "semi-universal" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1. and 126.96.36.199;
188.8.131.52. A "specific vehicle" category for use either;
184.108.40.206.1. On specific vehicle types, in accordance with Paragraphs 6.1.2. and 220.127.116.11.; or
18.104.22.168.2. As a "built in" child restraint.
2.8. "Strap" means a flexible component designed to transmit forces;
2.8.1. "Lap strap" means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form of
a component of such a belt, passes across the front of, and restrains, directly or not,
the child's pelvis;
2.8.2. "Shoulder restraint" means that part of a belt which restrains the child's upper torso;
2.8.3. "Crotch strap" means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of webbing
make it) attached to the child restraint and the lap strap and is so positioned as to pass
between the child's thighs; it is designed to prevent the child sliding under the lap belt
in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the pelvis in an impact.
2.8.4. "Child-restraining strap" means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt and
restrains only the body of the child;
2.8.5. "Child-restraint attachment strap" means a strap which attaches the child restraint to
the structure of the vehicle and may be a part of the vehicle-seat retaining device;
2.8.6. "Harness belt" means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and,
where fitted, a crotch strap;
2.8.7. "Y-shaped belt" means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap to
be guided between the child's legs and a strap for each shoulder.
2.8.8. "Guide strap" means a strap or device which constrains the shoulder strap of the adult
seat belt in a position to suit the child and where the effective position at which the
shoulder strap changes direction can be adjusted by means of a device which can be
moved up and down the strap to locate the wearer's shoulder, and then locked into that
position. This guide strap is not meant to carry a significant part of the dynamic load. A
guide strap is considered as a part of a child restraint system and cannot be separately
approved as a child restraint system under this Regulation.
2.9. "Buckle" means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the
restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The
buckle may incorporate the adjusting device;
2.9.1. "Enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall not be
possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40mm;
2.9.2. "Non-enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall be
possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40mm.
2.10. "Adjusting device" means a device enabling the restraint or its attachments to be
adjusted to the physique of the wearer, the configuration of the vehicle, or both. The
adjusting device may either be part of the buckle or be a retractor or any other part of
the safety belt;
2.10.1. "Quick adjuster" means an adjusting device which can be operated by one hand in
one smooth movement.
2.10.2. "Adjuster mounted directly on child restraint" means an adjuster for the integral
harness which is directly mounted on the child restraint, as opposed to being directly
supported by the webbing that it is designed to adjust.
2.14.4. "Anti-rotation device"
An anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX universal child restraint system consists of
the ISOFIX top-tether.
An anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX semi-universal child restraint system
consists of either a top tether, the vehicle dashboard or a support leg intended to
limit the rotation of the restraint during a frontal impact.
For ISOFIX, universal and semi-universal, child restraint systems the vehicle
seat itself does not constitute an anti-rotation device.
2.14.5. "ISOFIX top tether anchorage" means a feature fulfilling the requirements of
Regulation No. 14, such as a bar, located in a defined zone, designed to accept an
ISOFIX top tether strap connector and transfer its restraint force to the vehicle
2.15. "Forward-facing" means facing in the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.
2.16. "Rearward-facing" means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of
travel of the vehicle.
2.17. "Inclined position" means a special position of the chair which allows the child to
2.18. "Lying down/supine/prone position" means a position where at least the child's
head and body excluding its limbs are on a horizontal surface when at rest in the
2.19. "Child-restraint type" means child restraints which do not differ in such essential
2.19.1. The category, and the mass group(s) for which and the position and orientation (as
defined in Paragraphs 2.15. and 2.16.) in which the restraint is intended to be used;
2.19.2. The geometry of the child restraint;
2.19.3. The dimensions, mass, material and colour of:
The padding; and
The impact shield;
2.19.4. The material, weave, dimensions and colour of the straps;
2.19.5. The rigid components (buckle, attachments, etc.).
2.23. "Seat type" means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential
2.23.1. The shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure,
2.23.2. The types and dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems, and
2.23.3. The type and dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat
anchorage, and of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.
2.24. "Displacement system" means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to
be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to
facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.
2.25. "Locking system" means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are
maintained in the position of use.
2.26. "Lock-off device" is a device which locks and prevents movement of one section of
the webbing of an adult safety-belt relative to another section of the webbing of the
same belt. Such devices may act upon either diagonal or lap section or secure together
both lap and diagonal sections of the adult belt. The term covers the following classes:
2.26.1. "Class A device", a device that prevents the child pulling webbing from the retractor
through to the lap part of the belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child
2.26.2. "Class B device", a device that allows the retention of an applied tension in the lap
part of an adult safety-belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child restraint.
The device is intended to prevent webbing slipping from the retractor through the
device, which would release the tension and place the restraint in a non-optimal
2.27. "Special Needs Restraint" is a child restraint system designed for children who have
special needs as a result of either a physical or mental handicap; this device may in
particular permit additional restraining devices for any part of the child, but it shall
contain as a minimum a primary means of restraint which complies with the
requirements of this Regulation.
2.28. "ISOFIX attachment" means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirement of
Paragraph 6.3.2. of this Regulation, extending from the ISOFIX child restraint system
structure, and compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.
2.29. "ISOFIX child restraint system" means a child restraint system which has to be
attached to an ISOFIX anchorage system fulfilling the requirement of
Regulation No. 14.
2.30. "Seat bight" means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle
seat cushion and the seat back.
2.31. "Vehicle seat fixture (VSF)" means a fixture, according to ISOFIX size classes
defined in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. and whose dimension are given in Figures 1 to 6 of
Annex 17 Appendix 2 of Regulation No. 16, used by a child restraint manufacturer to
determine the appropriate dimensions of an ISOFIX child restraint system and the
location of its ISOFIX attachments.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a type of child restraint shall be submitted by the holder
of the trade mark or by his duly accredited representative, and follow the type approval
scheme described in Annex 14.
3.2. The application for approval, relating to each type of child restraint, shall be
3.2.1. A technical description of the child restraint, specifying the straps and other materials
used together with the predicted and reproducible behaviour of load limiting devices. It
shall be accompanied by drawings of the parts making up the child restraint and in the
case of retractors, installation instructions for these retractors and their sensing
devices, declaration on toxicity (Paragraph 6.1.5.) and flammability (Paragraph 6.1.6.),
the drawings shall show the position intended for the approval number and additional
symbol(s) in relation to the circle of the approval mark. The description shall mention
the colour of the model submitted for approval;
3.2.2. Four samples of the child restraint;
3.2.3. A 10m length of each category of strap used in the child restraint; and
3.2.4. Additional samples shall be supplied at the request of the Technical Service
responsible for conducting the test;
3.2.5. Instructions and details of packaging in accordance with Paragraph 14. below;
3.2.6. In case of carry-cots, if the carry-cot restraint may be used in combination with a
number of types of carry-cots, the restraint manufacturer shall supply a list of the latter.
3.3. Where an approved adult safety belt is used to secure the child restraint, the
application shall stipulate the category of adult safety belt to be used, e.g. static lap
3.4. The Type Approval Authority of a Contracting Party shall verify, before granting type
approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring
effective control so that child restraint systems, equipment or parts when in production
conform to the approved type.
4.1. The samples of child restraint submitted for approval in conformity with the provisions
of Paragraphs 3.2.2. and 3.2.3. above shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the
manufacturer's name, initials or trade mark.
4.2. One of the parts made of plastics of the child restraint device (such as shell, impact
shield, booster cushion, etc.), except the belt(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly
(and indelibly) with the year of production.
4.5. In the case of child restraints that can be used forward and rear-facing, include the
"IMPORTANT - DO NOT USE FORWARD FACING BEFORE THE CHILD'S WEIGHT
EXCEEDS .......... (Refer to instructions)"
4.6. In the case of child restraints with alternative belt routes, the alternative load bearing
contact points between the child restraint and the adult safety-belt shall be permanently
marked. This marking shall indicate that it is the alternative belt route, and shall
conform with the above coding requirements for forward and rearward facing seats.
4.7. If the child restraint offers alternative load bearing contact points, the marking required
in Paragraph 4.3. shall include an indication that the alternative belt route is described
in the instructions.
e) The marking shall be permanently attached and be visible to a user installing the
f) Where necessary reference should be made to the child restraint user
instructions and to the location of that document using the symbol below.
4.9. Marking of a Booster Cushion without Backrest
If the product is a booster cushion without backrest, the following label shall be
permanently visible to someone installing the restraint in a vehicle and shall be masked
when the booster cushion is used with its removable backrest:
5.1. Each sample submitted in conformity with Paragraphs 3.2.2. and 3.2.3. above shall
meet the specifications set forth in Paragraphs 6. to 8. of this Regulation in every
respect before approval can be granted.
5.2. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits (at
present 04 corresponding to the 04 series of amendments which entered into force on
September 12, 1995) shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most
recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the
approval. The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another
type of child restraint covered by this Regulation.
5.3. Notice of approval or of extension or refusal of approval of a child restraint pursuant to
this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this
Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
6.1.3. According to the category which it belongs to, the child restraint shall be secured to the
vehicle structure or to the seat structure.
POSSIBLE CONFIGURATIONS FOR APPROVAL
GROUPS / CATEGORIES TABLE
6.1.4. A booster cushion shall be restrained by either an adult belt, using the test as specified
in Paragraph 8.1.4., or by separate means.
6.1.5. The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the toxicity of
materials used in the manufacture of restraint systems and accessible to the restrained
child is in conformity with the relevant parts of EN 71-3:2013+A1:2014 (Paragraph 4.2.,
Table 2, Category III for specific requirements and Paragraph 7.3.3. for test
methodology). Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the
discretion of the Technical Service. This paragraph does not apply to restraint devices
of Groups II and III.
6.1.6. The flammability of Child Restraint Systems submitted for approval shall be assessed
by one of the following methods:
Method 1 is applicable only to non-built-in Child Restraint Systems and Method 2 is
applicable only to vehicle specific built-in Child Restraint Systems.
The Child Restraint System manufacturer shall declare in writing that the flammability
of materials used to manufacture the Child Restraint System is in conformity with the
method of Section 5.4 of EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014 with a maximum rate of spread of
flame of 30mm/s. Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at
the discretion of the Technical Service. Where fabrics are assembled together, these
shall be tested as a composite.
"Composite material" means a material composed of several layers of similar or
different materials intimately held together at their surfaces by cementing, bonding,
cladding, welding, etc. In such a case, the material shall be tested as a composite.
When different materials are connected together intermittently, such materials shall not
be considered as composite materials and therefore tested separately.
Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of
the Technical Service.
The applicant shall declare in writing that when testing materials in accordance with
Annex 24 of this regulation, the materials used shall not burn, nor transmit a flame front
across its surface, at a rate of more than 100mm per minute. Each material used in a
child restraint system shall conform to these requirements. However, the requirement
concerning transmission of a flame front shall not apply to a surface created by cutting
a test specimen for purposes of testing pursuant to Annex 24.
The requirements shall be met in both the "in-use" and in the "stowed" positions of the
built-in Child Restraint System.
If a material stops burning before it has burned for 60s from the start of timing, and has
not burned more than 51mm from the point where the timing was started, it shall be
considered to meet the burn-rate requirement specified above.
Tests confirming the validity of the declaration may be carried out at the discretion of
the Technical Service.
6.2.1. The configuration of the restraint shall be such that
126.96.36.199. The restraint gives the required protection in any intended position of the restraint
system; for "Special Needs Restraints" the primary means of restraint shall give the
required protection in any intended position of the restraint system without the use of
the additional restraining devices which may be present.
188.8.131.52. The child is easily and quickly installed and removed; in the case of a child restraint
system in which the child is restrained by means of a harness belt or a Y-shaped belt
without a retractor each shoulder restraint and lap strap shall be capable of movement
relative to each other during the procedure prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.
In these cases the belt assembly of the child restraint system may be designed with
two or more connecting parts. For "Special Needs Restraints" it is recognized that the
additional restraining devices will restrict the speed by which a child can be installed
and removed. However, the additional devices shall be designed to release quickly so
far as possible.
220.127.116.11. If it is possible to change the inclination of the restraint, this change in inclination shall
not require manual readjustment of the straps. A deliberate hand-action is required in
order to change the inclination of the restraint.
18.104.22.168. The Groups 0, 0+ and I restraint systems shall keep the child so positioned as to give
the required protection even when the child is asleep;
22.214.171.124. For all forward-facing Group I restraints incorporating an integral harness belt system to
prevent submarining, either by impact or through restlessness, a crotch strap shall be
6.2.2. For Groups I, II and III, all restraint devices utilizing a "lap strap" shall positively guide
the "lap strap" to ensure that the loads transmitted by the "lap strap" are transmitted
through the pelvis. The assembly shall not subject weak parts of the child's body
(abdomen, crotch, etc.) to excessive stresses.
126.96.36.199. With the crotch strap attached and in its longest position if adjustable, it shall not be
possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both the smallest and largest
dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval. For all forward-facing
restraints, it shall not be possible to adjust the lap strap to lie above the pelvis of both
the smallest and largest dummy within the mass groups covered by the approval.
188.8.131.52. During the dynamic test, as prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.3., the lap belt shall not pass
fully beyond the pelvic structure of the dummy, during the period prior to maximum
horizontal head excursion. Assessment shall be carried out using high speed video
6.2.3. All straps of the restraint shall be so placed that they cannot cause discomfort to the
wearer in normal use or assume a dangerous configuration. The distance between the
shoulder-straps in the vicinity of the neck should be at least the width of the neck of the
6.2.13. If the child restraint is designed for more than one child, each restraint system shall be
fully independent with regard to load transfer and adjustments.
6.2.14. The child restraints incorporating inflatable elements shall be so designed that the
conditions of use (pressure, temperature, humidity) have no influence on their ability to
comply with the requirements of this Regulation.
6.3. ISOFIX Restraint Specifications
6.3.1. General Characteristics
The maximum lateral, downward, and rearward dimensions for the ISOFIX child
restraint system and the locations of the ISOFIX anchorages system with which its
attachments shall engage are defined for the ISOFIX child restraint system
manufacturer by the Vehicle Seat Fixture (VSF) defined by Paragraph 2.31. of this
The mass of an ISOFIX child restraint system of universal and semi-universal
categories and of mass Group 0, 0+, 1 shall not exceed 15kg.
6.3.2. ISOFIX Attachments
ISOFIX Attachments may be according to examples shown in Figure 0 (a), or other
appropriate designs that are part of a rigid mechanism having provision for adjustment,
the nature of which is determined by the ISOFIX child restraint system manufacturer.
Dimensions for the portion of the ISOFIX child restraint system attachment that
engages the ISOFIX anchorage system shall not exceed the maximum dimensions
given by the envelope in Figure 0 (b)
Dimensions in mm
184.108.40.206. Partial Latching Indication
Figure 0 (b)
The ISOFIX child restraint system shall incorporate means by which there is a clear
indication that both of the ISOFIX attachments are completely latched with the
corresponding ISOFIX lower anchorages. The indication means may be audible, tactile
or visual or a combination of two or more. In case of visual indication it shall be
detectable under all normal lighting conditions.
6.3.3. ISOFIX child restraint top tether strap specifications
220.127.116.11. Top Tether Connector
The top tether connector should be ISOFIX top tether hook as shown in Figure 0 (c), or
similar devices that fit within the envelope given by Figure 0 (c).
18.104.22.168. ISOFIX Top Tether Strap Features
The ISOFIX top tether strap shall be supported by webbing (or its equivalent), having a
provision for adjustment and release of tension.
22.214.171.124.1. ISOFIX Top Tether Strap Length
ISOFIX Child restraint top tether strap length shall be at least 2,000mm.
126.96.36.199.2. No-slack Indicator
The ISOFIX top tether strap or the ISOFIX child seat shall be equipped with a device
that will indicate that all slack has been removed from the strap. The device may be
part of adjustment and tension relieving device.
6.3.4. Adjustment Provisions
The ISOFIX attachments, or the ISOFIX child restraint system itself, shall be adjustable
to accommodate the range of ISOFIX anchorage locations described in
Regulation No. 14.
6.4. Control of Markings
6.4.1. The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the markings
conform to the requirements of Paragraph 4.
6.5. Control of Instructions on Installation and the Instructions for Use
6.5.1. The Technical Service conducting the approval tests shall verify that the instructions on
installation and the instructions for use conform to Paragraph 15.
7. PARTICULAR SPECIFICATIONS
7.1. Provisions Applicable to the Assembled Restraint
7.1.1. Resistance to Corrosion
188.8.131.52. A complete child restraint, or the parts thereof that are liable to corrosion, shall be
subject to the corrosion test specified in Paragraph 8.1.1. below.
184.108.40.206. After the corrosion test as prescribed in Paragraphs 220.127.116.11. and 18.104.22.168., no signs of
deterioration likely to impair the proper functioning of the child restraint, and no
significant corrosion, shall be visible to the unaided eye of a qualified observer.
7.1.2. Energy Absorption
22.214.171.124. For all devices with backrests, the areas defined in Annex 18 to this Regulation, when
tested according to Annex 17, shall give a peak acceleration of less than 60g. This
requirement applies also to areas of impact shields which are in the head strike area.
126.96.36.199. In the case of child restraint systems with permanent mechanically attached adjustable
head support devices, in which the height of either the adult safety-belt or of the child
harness is directly controlled by the adjustable head support, it is not necessary to
demand energy absorption in areas as defined in Annex 18, which are not contactable
by the manikin’s head, i.e. behind the head support.
188.8.131.52. The child restraint shall be tested as prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.2.; at no point during
the whole test shall the manikin be fully ejected from the device, in addition when the
test bench is in the upside down position the manikin's head shall not move more than
300mm from its original position in a vertical direction relative to the test bench, once
the applied load has been removed.
184.108.40.206.8. During the dynamic tests, the standard safety-belt used to install an integral child
restraint shall not become disengaged from any guide or locking device utilised for the
During the dynamic tests, the standard safety-belt used to install a non-integral child
restraint, shall not become disengaged from any guide or locking device utilized for the
test conducted; however, for the shoulder portion of the standard safety-belt this shall
be judged up to the moment that the maximum horizontal head excursion of the dummy
is reached. Furthermore during the dynamic test of a non-integral child restraint, the
limit of acceptable movement of the shoulder belt is that the lower edge of the shoulder
portion of the standard safety-belt shall not be lower than the dummy's elbow at the
point of maximum horizontal head excursion of the dummy.
220.127.116.11.9. A child restraint with a support leg shall be tested as follows:
a) In the case of semi-universal category, the tests for frontal impact shall be
conducted with the support leg adjusted to both its maximum and minimum
adjustment compatible with the positioning of the trolley floor pan. The tests for
rearward impact shall be conducted with the worst case position selected by the
Technical Service. During the tests the support leg shall be supported by the
trolley floor pan as described in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 2. If there is
clearance between the shortest leg length and the highest floor pan level, the leg
is adjusted to the floor pan level of 140mm below Cr. If the maximum leg length
is more than the lowest floor pan level would allow to be used, the leg is adjusted
to that lowest floor pan level of 280mm below Cr. In the case of support leg with
adjustable steps, the support leg length shall be adjusted to the next adjustment
position, in order to ensure the support leg is in contact with the floor.
b) In the case of support legs out of the plane of symmetry, the worst case shall be
selected by the Technical Service for the test.
c) In the case of specific vehicle category, the support leg shall be adjusted as
specified by the child restraint manufacturer.
18.104.22.168.10. In the case of a child restraint making use of an ISOFIX anchorage system and
anti-rotation device, if any, the dynamic test shall be carried out:
22.214.171.124.10.1. For ISOFIX CRS of size Classes A, B and B1:
126.96.36.199.10.1.1. With the anti-rotation device in use, and
188.8.131.52.10.1.2. Without the anti-rotation device in use. If the anti-rotation device is a support leg and it
can be completely recessed within the base or the shell of the CRS, the test is
conducted with the device in its stowed position or with the leg removed respectively. If
it cannot be completely recessed within the base, the test is performed with the device
deployed in its shortest length with the trolley floor pan in its lowest position.
This requirement does not apply when a permanent and non-adjustable support leg is
used as an anti-rotation device.
184.108.40.206.10.2. For ISOFIX child restraint system of other size classes with the anti-rotation device in
220.127.116.11.1.2. Rear-facing Child Restraints:
18.104.22.168.1.2.1. Child restraints supported by dashboard: the head of the manikin shall not pass beyond
the Planes AB, AD and DCr, as defined in Figure 2 below. This shall be judged up to
300ms or the moment that the manikin has come to a definitive standstill whatever
Dimensions in mm
Arrangement for Testing a Rearward-facing Device
Arrangement for Testing Rearward-facing Devices,
except Group 0, not Supported by the Dashboard
22.214.171.124.2. Child restraints of the "specific vehicle" category: when tested in a complete vehicle or
a vehicle body shell, the head shall not come into contact with any part of the vehicle.
However, if there is contact, the speed of impact of the head shall be less than 24km/h
and the part contacted shall meet the requirements of the energy absorption test laid
down in Regulation No. 21, Annex 4. In tests with complete vehicles it shall be possible
to remove the manikins from the child restraint without the use of tools after the test.
7.1.5. Resistance to Temperature
126.96.36.199. Buckle assemblies, retractors, adjusters and lock-off devices that are liable to be
affected by temperature, shall be subject to the temperature test specified in
Paragraph 8.2.8. below.
188.8.131.52. After the temperature test as prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206., no signs of deterioration
likely to impair the proper functioning of the child restraint, shall be visible to the
unaided eye of a qualified observer.
220.127.116.11. The buckle shall be subjected to the following tests of opening:
18.104.22.168.1. Test under load
22.214.171.124.1.1. A child restraint having already undergone the dynamic test prescribed in
Paragraph 8.1.3. below shall be used for this test.
126.96.36.199.1.2. The force required to open the buckle in the test prescribed in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. below
shall not exceed 80N.
184.108.40.206.2. No-load test
220.127.116.11.2.1. A buckle which has not previously been subjected to a load shall be used for this test.
The force needed to open the buckle when it is not under load shall be in the range of
40-80N in the tests prescribed in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. below.
22.214.171.124.1. During the test in accordance with Paragraph 126.96.36.199.2. no part of the buckle or the
adjacent straps or adjusters shall break or be detached.
188.8.131.52.2. A harness buckle of mass Groups 0 and 0+ shall withstand 4,000N.
184.108.40.206.3. A harness buckle of mass Group I and higher shall withstand 10,000N.
220.127.116.11.4. The Type Approval Authority may dispense with the buckle strength test if information
already available renders the test superfluous.
7.2.2. Adjusting Device
18.104.22.168. The range of adjustment shall be sufficient to permit correct adjustment of the child
restraint with all manikins of the weight group for which the device is intended and to
permit satisfactory installation in all specified vehicle models.
22.214.171.124. All adjusting devices shall be of the "quick adjuster" type, except that adjusting devices
used only for the initial installation of the restraint in the vehicle may be of other than
the "quick adjuster" type.
126.96.36.199. Devices of the "quick adjuster" type shall be easy to reach when the child restraint is
correctly installed and the child or manikin is in position.
188.8.131.52. A device of the "quick adjuster" type shall be easily adjustable to the child's physique.
In particular, in a test performed in accordance with Paragraph 184.108.40.206., the force
required to operate a manual adjusting device shall not exceed 50N.
220.127.116.11. Two samples of the child-restraint adjusting devices shall be tested as prescribed by
the temperature test operation requirements given in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. and in
Paragraph 8.2.3. below.
22.214.171.124.1. The amount of strap slip shall not exceed 25mm for one adjusting device or 40mm for
all adjusting devices.
126.96.36.199. The device shall not break or become detached when tested as prescribed in
Paragraph 188.8.131.52. below.
184.108.40.206.3. A multiple-sensitivity emergency-locking retractor shall meet the requirements set out
above. In addition, if one of the sensitivity factors relates to strap extraction, locking
shall have occurred at a strap acceleration of 1.5g as measured in the axis of strap
220.127.116.11.4. In the tests referred to in Paragraphs 18.104.22.168.1.1. and 22.214.171.124.3. above, the amount of
strap extraction occurring before the retractor locks shall not exceed 50mm, starting at
the length of unwinding specified in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1. In the test referred to in
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.2. above, locking shall not occur during the 50mm of strap
extraction starting at the length of unwinding specified in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.1. below.
220.127.116.11.5. If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than
7N as measured in the free length between the manikin and the retractor as prescribed
in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. If the retractor is part of a chest restraint, the retracting force of
the strap shall be not less than 2N or more than 7N as similarly measured. If the strap
passes through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be measured in the free
length between the manikin and the guide or pulley. If the assembly incorporates a
device, manually or automatically operated, that prevents the strap from being
completely retracted, that device shall not be in operation when these measurements
22.214.171.124.6. The strap shall be repeatedly withdrawn from the retractor and allowed to retract, in the
conditions prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199., until 40,000 cycles have been completed.
The retractor shall then be subjected to the temperature test operation requirements
given in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. and corrosion test described in Paragraph 8.1.1 and to the
dust-resistance test described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. It shall then satisfactorily complete
a further 5,000 cycles of withdrawal and retraction (making 45,000 in all). After the
above tests the retractor shall continue to operate correctly and to meet the
requirements of Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.1. to 18.104.22.168.5. above.
22.214.171.124.1. The minimum width at the child-restraint straps which contact the dummy shall be
25mm for Groups 0, 0+ and I, and 38mm for Groups II and III. These dimensions shall
be measured during the strap strength test prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199, without
stopping the machine and under a load equal to 75% of the breaking load of the strap.
188.8.131.52. Strength after room conditioning
184.108.40.206.1. On two sample straps conditioned as prescribed in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.1., the breaking
load of the strap shall be determined as prescribed in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.2. below.
22.214.171.124.2. The difference between the breaking loads of the two samples shall not exceed 10% of
the greater of the two breaking loads measured.
8. DESCRIPTION OF TESTS
8.1. Tests of the Assembled Restraint
126.96.36.199. The metal items of the child restraint shall be positioned in a test chamber as
prescribed in Annex 4. In the case of a child restraint incorporating a retractor, the strap
shall be unwound to full length less 100 ± 3mm. Except for short interruptions that may
be necessary, for example, to check and replenish the salt solution, the exposure test
shall proceed continuously for a period of 50 ± 0.5h.
188.8.131.52. On completion of the exposure test the metal items of the child restraint shall be gently
washed, or dipped, in clean running water with a temperature not higher than 38°C to
remove any salt deposit that may have formed and then allowed to dry at room
temperature of 18 to 25°C for 24 ± 1h before inspection in accordance with Paragraph
184.108.40.206. The manikin shall be equipped with either of the load application device as appropriate
and described in Annex 23. Place the manikin in the restraints installed in accordance
with this Regulation and taking into account the manufacturer's instructions and with
the standard slack as specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11. below, applied for all systems
18.104.22.168. The restraint shall be fastened to the test seat or vehicle seat. The whole seat shall be
rotated around a horizontal axis contained in the median longitudinal plane of the seat
through an angle of 540° ± 5° at a speed of 2-5°/s/second and stopped in this position.
For the purposes of this test, devices intended for use in specific cars may be attached
to the test seat described in Annex 6.
22.214.171.124. At this static inverted position a mass equivalent to 4 times that of the dummy with a
tolerance of -0/+5% with reference to dummies nominal masses as in Annex 8 shall be
applied vertically downwards in a plane perpendicular to the axis of rotation in addition
to the dummy utilizing the load application device described in Annex 23. The load shall
be applied in a gradual controlled manner at a rate not exceeding gravitational
acceleration or 400mm/min. Maintain the prescribed maximum load for a duration of
126.96.36.199. Remove the load at a rate not exceeding 400mm/min and measure displacement.
188.8.131.52. Rotate the whole seat for 180° to return to the starting position.
184.108.40.206.1.3.2. Acceleration Test Device
Dynamic testing conditions:
For frontal impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, during the test, its total velocity
change ΔV is 52 +0 -2km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 1 and stay above the segment defined by the coordinates
(5g, 10ms) and (9g, 20ms). The start of the impact (T0) is defined, according to
ISO 17 373 for a level of acceleration of 0.5g.
For rear impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, during the test, its total velocity
change ΔV is 32 +2 -0km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 2 and stay above the segment defined by the coordinates
(5g, 5ms) and (10g, 10ms). The start of the impact (T0) is defined, according to
ISO 17 373 for a level of acceleration of 0.5g.
Despite the fulfilment of the above requirements, the Technical Service shall use a
mass of trolley (equipped with its seat), as specified in Paragraph 1. of Annex 6,
superior to 380kg.
However, if the tests above were performed at a higher speed and/or the acceleration
curve has exceeded the upper level of the hatched area and the child restraint meets
the requirements, the test shall be considered satisfactory.
220.127.116.11.1.4. The following measurements shall be made:
18.104.22.168.1.4.1. The trolley speed immediately before impact (only for deceleration sleds, needed for
stopping distance calculation),
22.214.171.124.1.4.2. The stopping distance (only for deceleration sleds), which may be calculated by double
integration of the recorded sled deceleration,
126.96.36.199.1.4.3. The displacement of the manikin's head in the vertical and horizontal planes for
Groups I, II and III and for Group 0 and 0+ the displacement of the manikin without
considering its limb,
188.8.131.52.1.4.4. The chest deceleration in three mutually perpendicular directions; except for new-born
184.108.40.206.1.4.5. Any visible signs of penetration of the modelling clay in the abdomen (see
Paragraph 220.127.116.11.1.); except for new-born manikin,
18.104.22.168.1.4.6. The trolley acceleration or deceleration for at least the first 300ms.
22.214.171.124.1.5. After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle,
to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.
126.96.36.199.2.1. The test seat shall be rotated 180° when testing in compliance with the requirements of
the rear impact test.
188.8.131.52.1.6. The following measurements shall be made:
184.108.40.206.1.6.1. The trolley speed immediately before impact (only for deceleration sleds, needed for
stopping distance calculation),
220.127.116.11.1.6.2. The stopping distance (only for deceleration sleds), which may be calculated by double
integration of the recorded sled deceleration,
18.104.22.168.1.6.3. Any contact of the manikin's head with the interior of the vehicle body shell;
22.214.171.124.1.6.4. The chest deceleration in three mutually perpendicular directions; except for new-born
126.96.36.199.1.6.5. Any visible signs of penetration of the modelling clay in the abdomen (see
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.) except for new-born manikin,
184.108.40.206.1.6.6. The trolley and vehicle body shell acceleration or deceleration for at least the first
220.127.116.11.1.7. After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle,
to determine whether there has been any failure.
18.104.22.168.2.1. For rear impact tests the vehicle body shell shall be rotated 180° on the test trolley.
22.214.171.124.2.2. Same requirements as for frontal impact.
126.96.36.199. Test with complete vehicle
188.8.131.52.1. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 184.108.40.206. below.
220.127.116.11.2. For frontal impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 9 to this
18.104.22.168.3. For rear impact tests the procedure shall be that set out in Annex 10 to this Regulation.
22.214.171.124.4. The following measurements shall be made:
126.96.36.199.4.1. The speed of the vehicle/impactor immediately before impact;
188.8.131.52.4.2. Any contact of the manikin's head (in the case of Group 0 the manikin without
considering its limbs) with the interior of the vehicle;
184.108.40.206.4.3. The chest acceleration in three mutually perpendicular directions, except for new-born
220.127.116.11.4.4. Any visible signs of penetration of the modelling clay in the abdomen (see
Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.), except for new-born manikin.
22.214.171.124.5. The front seats, if adjustable for inclination, shall be locked as specified by the
manufacturer or, in the absence of any specification, at an actual seat-back angle as
near as possible to 25°.
126.96.36.199. Child restraints incorporating the use of additional anchorages
188.8.131.52.1. In the case of child restraints intended for use as specified in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. and
incorporating the use of additional anchorages, the requirement for a frontal impact
test, in accordance with Paragraph 220.127.116.11., shall be carried out as follows:
18.104.22.168.2. For devices with short upper attachment straps, e.g. intended to be attached to the rear
parcel shelf, the upper anchorage configuration on the test trolley shall be as
prescribed in Annex 6, Appendix 3.
22.214.171.124.3. For devices with long upper attachment straps, e.g. intended for use where there is no
rigid parcel shelf and where the upper anchorage straps are attached to the vehicle
floor, the anchorages on the test trolley shall be as prescribed in Annex 6, Appendix 3.
126.96.36.199.4. For devices, intended for use in both configurations, the tests prescribed in
Paragraphs 188.8.131.52.2. and 184.108.40.206.3. shall be carried out with the exception that, in case
of the test carried out in accordance with the requirements of Paragraph 220.127.116.11.3.
above, only the heavier manikin shall be used.
18.104.22.168.5. For rearward-facing devices, the lower anchorage of configuration on the test trolley
shall be as prescribed in Annex 6, Appendix 3.
22.214.171.124.6. For carry-cots utilizing additional straps that are attached to two adult safety belts,
where the load path shall apply directly through the adult safety belt to the adult safety
belt lower anchorage, the anchorage on the test trolley shall be as prescribed in
Annex 6, Appendix 3, Paragraph 7. (A1, B1). Installation on the test bench shall be as
described in Annex 21, Note 5. This system shall work correctly even with the adult
safety belts unlocked, and is considered as Universal when complying with
126.96.36.199. Test Manikins
188.8.131.52.1. The child restraint and manikins shall be installed in such a way that the requirements
of Paragraph 184.108.40.206.3. are met.
220.127.116.11.2. The child restraint shall be tested using the manikins prescribed in Annex 8 to this
18.104.22.168.3. Installation of the Manikin
22.214.171.124.3.1. The manikin shall be placed so that the gap is between the rear of the manikin and the
restraint. In the case of carry-cots the manikin is placed in a straight horizontal position
as close as possible to the centre line of the carry-cot.
126.96.36.199.3.2. Place the child chair on the test seat.
Place the manikin in the child chair.
For restraints or straps acting directly on a retractor or adult three point safety belt,
where no lock off device or any system able to inhibit the action of the retractor is used:
Fit the belt in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Complete the installation of the child chair to the test seat in accordance with
Annex 21 to this Regulation.
188.8.131.52.6. If the child restraint system is suitable for two or more mass groups, the tests shall be
carried out using the lightest and heaviest manikins specified above for each of the
184.108.40.206.7. If the child restraint system is designed for two or more children, one test shall be
carried out with the heaviest manikins occupying all seat positions. A second test with
the lightest and the heaviest manikins specified above shall be carried out. The tests
shall be conducted using the test seat as shown in Annex 6, Appendix 3, Figure 3. The
laboratory conducting the tests may, if it deems it advisable, add a third test with any
combination of manikins or empty seat positions.
220.127.116.11.8. If a child restraint system in Group 0 or 0+ offers different configurations depending on
the mass of the child, each configuration shall be tested with both manikins of the
respective mass group.
18.104.22.168.9. If the ISOFIX child restraint system shall use a top tether, one test shall be carried out
with the smallest dummy with the shorter distance of the top tether (anchorage
Point G1). A second test shall be carried out with the heavier dummy with the longer
distance of the top tether (anchorage Point G2). Adjust the top tether to achieve a
tension load of 50 ± 5N.
22.214.171.124.10. The test specified in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.10.1.2. above shall only be carried out with the
largest manikin for which the child restraint is designed. Where multiple configurations
of the child restraint system are possible (e.g. upright/reclined), the configuration which
generates the worst case horizontal head excursion shall be used for this test.
8.1.4. Restraint of Booster Cushions
Place a cotton cloth on the seating surface of the test bench. Position the booster
cushion on the test bench, position the lower torso body block as described in
Annex 22, Figure 1, on the seating surface, fit and apply the 3-point adult safety-belt
and tension as prescribed in Annex 21. With a piece of 25mm width webbing or similar
tied round the booster, apply a load of 250 ± 5N in the direction of Arrow A, see
Annex 22, Figure 2, in line with the seating surface of the test bench.
8.2. Tests of Individual Components
188.8.131.52. Opening Test Under Load
184.108.40.206.1. A child restraint already having been subjected to the dynamic test specified in
Paragraph 8.1.3. shall be used for this test.
220.127.116.11.2. The child restraint shall be removed from the test trolley or the vehicle without opening
the buckle. A tension of 200 ± 2N shall be applied to the buckle. If the buckle is
attached to a rigid part, the force shall be applied reproducing the angle formed
between the buckle and that rigid part during the dynamic test.
8.2.3. Microslip Test (see Annex 5, Figure 3)
18.104.22.168. The components or devices to be subjected to the microslip test shall be kept for a
minimum of 24h before testing in an atmosphere having a temperature of 20 ± 5°C and
a relative humidity of 65 ± 5%. The test shall be carried out at a temperature between
15 and 30°C.
22.214.171.124. The free end of the strap shall be arranged in the same configuration as when the
device is in use in the vehicle, and shall not be attached to any other part.
126.96.36.199. The adjusting device shall be placed on a vertical piece of strap one end of which bears
a load of 50 ± 0.5N (guided in a manner which prevents the load from swinging and the
strap from twisting). The free end of the strap from the adjusting device shall be
mounted vertically upwards or downwards as it is in the vehicle. The other end shall
pass over a deflector roller with its horizontal axis parallel to the plane of the section of
strap supporting the load, the section passing over the roller being horizontal.
188.8.131.52. The device being tested shall be arranged in such a way that its centre, in the highest
position to which it can be raised, is 300 ± 5mm from a support table, and the load of
50N shall be 100 ± 5mm from that support table.
184.108.40.206. 20 ± 2 pre-test cycles shall then be completed and 1,000 ± 5 cycles shall then be
completed at a frequency of 30 ± 10 cycles per minute, the total amplitude being
300 ± 20mm or as specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.6.2. The 50N load shall be applied
only during the time corresponding to a shift of 100 ± 20mm for each half period.
Microslip shall be measured from the position at the end of the 20 pre-test cycles.
18.104.22.168. Retracting Force
22.214.171.124.1. The retracting forces shall be measured with the safety belt assembly, fitted to a
manikin as for the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.3. The strap tension shall
be measured at the point of contact with (but just clear of) the manikin while the strap is
being retracted at the approximate rate of 0.6m/min.
126.96.36.199. Durability of Retractor Mechanism
188.8.131.52.1. The strap shall be withdrawn and allowed to retract for the required number of cycles at
a rate of not more than 30 cycles per minute. In the case of emergency-locking
retractors, a jolt to lock the retractor shall be introduced at each fifth cycle. The jolts
occur in equal numbers at each of five different extractions, namely, 90, 80, 75, 70 and
65% of the total length of the strap on the retractor. However, where the length of the
strap exceeds 900mm the above percentages shall be related to the final 900mm of
strap which can be withdrawn from the retractor.
184.108.40.206. Locking of Emergency-locking Retractors
220.127.116.11.1. The retractor shall be tested once for locking, when the strap has been unwound to its
full length less 300 ± 3mm.
18.104.22.168.2. In the case of a retractor actuated by strap movement, the extraction shall be in the
direction in which it normally occurs when the retractor is installed in a vehicle.
22.214.171.124.2. Each strap shall be gripped between the clamps of a tensile strength-testing machine.
The clamps shall be so designed as to avoid breakage of the strap at or near them.
The speed of traverse shall be 100 ± 20mm/min. The free length of the specimen
between the clamps of the machine at the start of the test shall be 200mm ± 40mm.
126.96.36.199.3. The tension shall be increased until the strap breaks and the breaking load noted.
188.8.131.52.4. If the strap slips or breaks at or within 10mm of either of the clamps, the test shall be
invalid and a new test shall be carried out on another specimen.
184.108.40.206. Samples out from straps, as referred to in Paragraph 3.2.3., shall be conditioned as
220.127.116.11.1. Room Conditioning
18.104.22.168.1.1. The strap shall be kept for 24 ± 1h in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23 ± 5°
and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%. If the test is not carried out immediately after
conditioning, the specimen shall be placed in a hermetically closed receptacle until the
test begins. The breaking load shall be determined within 5min after removal of the
strap from the conditioning atmosphere or from the receptacle.
22.214.171.124.2. Light Conditioning
126.96.36.199.2.1. The provisions of Recommendation ISO/105-B02(1978), shall apply. The strap shall be
exposed to light for the time necessary to produce fading of Standard Blue Dye No. 7 to
a contrast equal to Grade 4 on the grey scale.
188.8.131.52.2.2. After exposure, the strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24h in an atmosphere having a
temperature of 23° ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%. The breaking load shall
be determined within 5min after the removal of the strap from the conditioning
184.108.40.206.3. Cold Conditioning
220.127.116.11.3.1. The strap shall be kept for a minimum of 24h in an atmosphere having a temperature of
23 ± 5°C and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%.
18.104.22.168.3.2. The strap shall then be kept for 90 ± 5min on a plain surface in a low-temperature
chamber in which the air temperature is -30 ± 5°C. It shall then be folded and the fold
shall be loaded with a weight of 2 ± 0.2kg previously cooled to -30 ± 5°C. When the
strap has been kept under load for 30 ± 5min in the same low-temperature chamber,
the weight shall be removed and the breaking load shall be measured within 5min after
removal of the strap from the low-temperature chamber.
22.214.171.124.4. Heat Conditioning
126.96.36.199.4.1. The strap shall be kept for 180 ± 10min in a heating-cabinet atmosphere having a
temperature of 60 ± 5°C and a relative humidity 65 ± 5%.
188.8.131.52.4.2. The breaking load shall be determined within 5min after removal of the strap from the
8.2.6. Lock-off Devices
184.108.40.206. Class A Devices
The child restraint and the largest manikin for which the child restraint is intended shall
be set up as shown in Figure 5 below. The webbing used shall be as specified in Annex
13 to this Regulation. The lock-off shall be fully applied and a mark made on the belt
where the belt enters the lock-off. The force gauges shall be attached to the belt via a
D ring, and a force equal to twice (±5%) the mass of the heaviest dummy of Group I
shall be applied for at least one second. The lower position shall be used for lock-offs in
Position A and the upper position for lock-offs in Position B. The force shall be applied
for a further 9 times. A further mark shall be made on the belt where it enters the lockoff
and the distance between the two marks shall be measured. During this test, the
retractor shall be unlocked.
8.2.7. Conditioning Test for Adjusters Mounted directly on a Child Restraint
Install the largest dummy for which the restraint is intended, as if for the dynamic test,
including the standard slack as specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11. Mark a reference line on
the webbing where the free end of the webbing enters the adjuster.
Remove the dummy and place the restraint in the conditioning rig shown in Figure 1,
The webbing shall be cycled for a total distance of not less than 150mm through the
adjuster. This movement shall be such that at least 100mm of webbing on the side of
the reference line towards the free end of the webbing and the remainder of the moving
distance (approx. 50mm) on the integral harness side of the reference line moves
through the adjuster.
If the length of webbing from the reference line to the free end of the webbing is
insufficient for the movement described above, the 150mm of movement through the
adjuster shall be from the fully extended harness position.
The frequency of cycling shall be 10 ± 1 cycles/minute, with a velocity on "B" of
150 ± 10mm/sec.
8.2.8. Temperature Test
18.104.22.168. The components specified in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. shall be exposed to an environment
over a water surface within a closed space, the environment having a temperature of
not less than 80°C, for a continuous period of not less than 24h and then cooled in an
environment having a temperature not exceeding 23°C. The cooling period shall
immediately be followed by three consecutive 24h cycles with each cycle comprising
the following consecutive sequences:
an environment having a temperature of not less than 100°C shall be maintained
for a continuous period of 6h and this environment shall be attained within 80min
of commencement of the cycle; then
an environment having a temperature of not more than 0°C shall be maintained
for a continuous period of 6h and this environment shall be attained within
an environment having a temperature of not more than 23°C shall be maintained
during the remainder of the 24h cycle.
8.3. Certification of Test Bench Cushion
8.3.1. The test bench cushion shall be certified when new to establish initial values for impact
peak deceleration, and then after every 50 dynamic tests or at least every month,
whichever is the sooner.
8.3.2. The certification and measuring procedures shall correspond to those specified in the
latest version of ISO 6487; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the
specification of a data channel with a channel filter class (CFC) 60.
Using the test device defined in Annex 17 to this Regulation, conduct 3 tests on the
bench base prepared as described in Annex 6, foam covered with textile 150 ± 5mm
from the front edge of the cushion on the centre line and at 150 ± 5mm in each
direction from the centre line.
Place the bench cushion on a flat rigid surface. Place the device vertically above the
test point, at a height of 500 ± 5mm and allow it to fall freely to make impact on the seat
surface. Record the deceleration curve.
8.3.3. The initial peak recorded values for impact deceleration shall be 18 ± 3g and
subsequent peak values recorded shall not deviate by more than 15% from the initial
8.4. Registration of Dynamic Behaviour
8.4.1. In order to determine the behaviour of the manikin and its displacements, all dynamic
tests shall be registered according to the following conditions:
126.96.36.199. Filming and Recording Conditions:
the frequency shall be at least 500 frames per second;
the test shall be recorded on cine film, video or digital data carrier;
188.8.131.52. Estimation of uncertainty:
Testing laboratories shall have and shall apply procedures for estimating uncertainty of
measurement of the displacement of the manikin's head. The uncertainty shall be
Examples of international standards of such procedure are EA-4/02 of the European
Accreditation Organization or ISO 5725:1994 or the General Uncertainty Measurement
10. MODIFICATIONS AND EXTENSION OF APPROVAL OF A TYPE OF CHILD
10.1. Every modification of a child restraint shall be notified to the Type Approval Authority
which approved the child restraint. The Authority may then either:
10.1.1. Consider that the modifications made are unlikely to have an appreciable adverse
effect and that in any case the child restraint still complies with the requirements; or
10.1.2. Require a further test report from the Technical Service responsible for conducting the
10.1.3. If a further test report is required, compare the horizontal head excursion result with the
worst case from all results previously recorded:
If the excursion is greater, then new production qualification testing shall be
If the excursion is less, production qualification tests do not need to be carried
10.2. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be communicated
by the procedure specified in Paragraph 5.3. above to the Parties to the Agreement
applying this Regulation.
10.3. The Type Approval Authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series
number for such an extension and inform thereof the other Parties to the 1958
Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to
the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
11. PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION
11.1. In order to make sure that the manufacturer's production system is satisfactory, the
Technical Service, which conducted the type approval tests, shall carry out tests to
qualify production in accordance with Paragraph 11.2.
11.2. Qualifying the Production of Child Restraint Systems
The production of each new approved type of child restraint system of categories
"universal", "semi-universal", and "restricted" shall be subjected to production
qualification tests. Additional qualification of production may be prescribed following
For this purpose, a random sample of 5 child restraint systems will be taken from the
first production batch by the Technical Service who conducted the approval tests, or by
a Technical Service appointed by the same Type Approval Authority who will grant the
approval, or by the Type Approval Authority itself.
Six sample units may be selected randomly in case that the condition of
Paragraph 184.108.40.206.1.2.3. above is selected as the test condition of conducting a test
described in 220.127.116.11.).
The first production batch is considered to be the production of the first block containing
a minimum of 50 child restraint systems and a maximum of 5,000 child restraint
12. CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION AND ROUTINE TESTS
The conformity of production procedures shall comply with those set out in the
Agreement, Appendix 2 (E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.2), with the following
12.1. Any child restraint system approved to this Regulation shall be so manufactured as to
conform to the type approved by meeting the requirements set forth in Paragraphs 6. to
12.2. The minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures set forth in
Annex 16 to this Regulation shall be complied with.
12.3. The authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity
control methods applied in each production facility. The normal frequency of these
verifications shall be twice a year.
13. PENALTIES FOR NON-CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
13.1. The approval granted in respect of a child restraint pursuant to this Regulation may be
withdrawn if a child restraint bearing the particulars referred to in Paragraph 5.4. fails to
pass the random checks described in Paragraph 11. or does not conform to the type
13.2. If a Party to the Agreement which applies this Regulation withdraws an approval it has
previously granted, it shall forthwith so notify the other Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to
14. PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
14.1. If the holder of the approval completely ceases to manufacture a specific type of child
restraint under this Regulation, he shall inform thereof the Type Approval Authority
which granted the approval. Upon receiving the relevant communication, that authority
shall inform the other Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means
of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.
15.2.6. The method of installation illustrated by photographs and/or very clear drawings;
15.2.7. The user shall be advised that the rigid items and plastic parts of a child restraint shall
be so located and installed that they are not liable, during everyday use of the vehicle,
to become trapped by a movable seat or in a door of the vehicle;
15.2.8. The user should be advised to use carry-cots perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of
15.2.9. In the case of rearward facing systems the customer shall be advised not to use them
in seating positions where an active frontal airbag installed. This information shall be
clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packaging;
15.2.10. For "Special Needs Restraints" the following information shall be clearly visible at the
point of sale without removing the packing:
This "Special Needs Restraint" is designed to give extra support to children who have
difficulty in sitting correctly in conventional seats. Always consult your doctor to make
sure that this restraint system is suitable for your child.
15.2.11. For an ISOFIX child restraint system, the following label shall be clearly visible at the
point of sale without removing the packing:
1. This is an ISOFIX CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM. It is approved to
Regulation No. 44, 04 series of amendments for general use in vehicles fitted
with ISOFIX anchorages systems.
2. It will fit vehicles with positions approved as ISOFIX positions (as detailed in
the vehicle handbook), depending on the category of the child seat and of
3. The mass group and the ISOFIX size class for which this device is intended
15.3. The instructions for use shall include the following points:
15.3.1. The mass group and the fixture for which the device is intended:
15.3.2. When the device is used in combination with an adult safety-belt to be used by means
of the following wording: Only suitable for use in the listed vehicles fitted with
lap/3 point/static/with retractor safety-belts, approved to ECE Regulation No. 16 or
other equivalent standards. (Strike out what does not apply.)
15.3.3. The method of use shall be shown by photographs and/or very clear drawings. In the
case of seats that can be used both forward and rear-facing, clear warning shall be
given to keep the restraint rear-facing until the child's mass is greater than a stated
limit, or some other dimensional criterion is exceeded.
15.3.4. The operation of the buckle and adjusting devices shall be explained clearly;
16. NAMES AND ADDRESS OF TECHNICAL SERVICES RESPONSIBLE FOR
CONDUCTING APPROVAL TESTS, AND OF ADMINISTRATIVE DEPARTMENTS
16.1. The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the
United Nations secretariat the names and addresses of the Technical Services
responsible for conducting approval tests and of the Type Approval Authorities which
grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or
withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.
17. TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS
17.1. As from the official date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, no
Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant ECE approval under
this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
17.2. As from 12 months after the date of entry into force, Contracting Parties applying this
Regulation shall grant approvals only if the child restraint system type to be approved
meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by the 03 series of
17.3. During the 12-month period which follows the date of entry into force of the 03 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation can continue to grant type
approvals to those child restraint systems which comply with the requirements of this
Regulation as amended by the 02 series of amendments.
17.4. In the same period of 12 months, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not
refuse to grant extensions of approval to the preceding series of amendments to this
17.5. As from the date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, the provisions of
Annex 16 to this Regulation shall apply also to child restraint devices already type
approved to the 02 series of amendments.
17.6. Starting from the date of entry into force of the 03 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse the sale of a type of child restraint which
does not meet the requirements of Paragraph 6.2.2. and 6.2.14. of the 03 series of
17.7. Starting 36 months after the entry into force of the 03 series of amendments,
Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may refuse the sale of child restraint
systems which do not meet the requirements of the 03 series of amendments to this
17.8. As from the date of entry into force of Supplement 2 to the 03 series of amendments,
the label required by Paragraph 4.5. of this Regulation shall be affixed to all new child
restraints manufactured in conformity with this Regulation.
17.9. As from the official date of entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, no
Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse to grant approval under this
Regulation as amended by the 04 series of amendments.
(Maximum format: A4 (210 × 297mm))
Name of administration:
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles, pursuant to Regulation No. 44.
Approval No ......................................... Extension No. ................................
1.1. Forward-facing child restraint/rearward-facing child restraint/carry-cot;
1.2. Integral/non-integral/partial/booster cushion;
(adult) three-point belt
(adult) lap belt/
special type belt/retractor;
1.4. Other features: chair assembly/impact shield ................................................................................
2. Trade name or mark .......................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's designation of the child restraint ...........................................................................
4. Manufacturer's name ......................................................................................................................
5. If applicable, name of his representative .......................................................................................
6. Address ..........................................................................................................................................
7. Submitted for approval on ..............................................................................................................
ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARK
The child restraint system bearing the above approval mark is a device capable of being fitted in any
vehicle and of being used for the 9kg-36kg mass range (Groups I to III); it is approved in the Netherlands
(E4) under the number 042439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of restraining devices for
child occupants of power-driven vehicles ("child restraint system") as amended by the 04 series of
The child restraint system bearing the above approval mark is a device not capable of being fitted in
every vehicle and of being used for the 9kg-25kg mass range (Groups I and II); it is approved in the
Netherlands (E4) under the number 042450. The approval number indicates that the approval was
granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of restraining
devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles ("child restraint system") as amended by the 04
series of amendments. The Symbol "Y" indicates that the system contains a crotch strap.
The approval number and additional symbol(s) shall be placed close to the circle and either
above or below the "E" or to left or right of it. The digits of the approval number shall be on the
same side of the "E" and oriented in the same direction. The additional symbol(s) shall be
diametrically opposite the approval number. The use of Roman numerals as approval numbers
should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with other symbols.
1. TEST APPARATUS
1.1. The apparatus shall consist of a mist chamber, a salt solution reservoir, a supply of suitably
conditioned compressed air, one or more atomizing nozzles, sample supports, provision for
heating the chamber, and necessary means of control. The size and detailed construction of
the apparatus shall be optional, provided that the test conditions are met.
1.2. It is important to ensure that drops of solution accumulated on the ceiling or cover of the
chamber do not fall on test samples.
1.3. Drops of solution which fall from test samples shall not be returned to the reservoir for
1.4. The apparatus shall not be constructed of materials that will affect the corrosiveness of the
2. LOCATION OF TEST SAMPLES IN THE MIST CABINET
2.1. Samples, except retractors, shall be supported or suspended between 15° and 30° from the
vertical and preferably parallel to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the
chamber, based upon the dominant surface being tested.
2.2. Retractors shall be supported or suspended so that the axes of the reel for storing the strap
shall be perpendicular to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the chamber.
The strap opening in the retractor shall also be facing in this principal direction.
2.3. Each sample shall be so placed as to permit free settling of mist on all samples.
2.4. Each sample shall be so placed as to prevent salt solution from one sample dripping on to any
3. SALT SOLUTION
3.1. The salt solution shall be prepared by dissolving 5 ± 1 parts by mass of sodium chloride in
95 parts of distilled water. The salt shall be sodium chloride substantially free of nickel and
copper and containing not more than 0.1% of sodium iodide and not more than 0.3% of total
impurities in the dry state.
3.2. The solution shall be such that, when atomized at 35°C, the collected solution is in the
pH range of 6.5 to 7.2.
4. COMPRESSED AIR
4.1. The compressed air supply to the nozzle or nozzles for atomizing the salt solution shall be free
of oil and dirt, and maintained at a pressure between 70kN/m and 170kN/m .
ABRASION AND MICROSLIP TEST
Remark. F = 10 ± 0.1N, can be increased up to F = 60 ± 0.5N
Procedure Type 1
The load of 50N on the testing device shall be vertically guided in such a way as to prevent load-swing
and twisting of the strap. The attaching device shall be fixed to the load of 50N in the same manner as in
3.1.6. The polyurethane foam shall be covered with a sun shade cloth, made of poly-acrylate fibre,
the characteristics of which are given in Table 2.
Specific mass (g/m )
Breaking strength according to DIN 53587 on test specimen 50mm wide:
3.1.7. Covering the Seat and the Seat Back
18.104.22.168. The seat foam cushion is produced out of a square foam block (800 × 575 × 135mm) in
such a way (see Figure 1 of Appendix 1 to this Annex) that its shape resembles the shape
of the aluminium bottom-plate specified in Figure 2 of Appendix 1 to this Annex.
22.214.171.124. Six holes are drilled in the bottom-plate in order to fasten it to the trolley with bolts. The
holes are drilled alongside the longest side of the plate, three on each side, their position
being dependent on the construction of the trolley. Six bolts are put through the holes. It is
recommended to glue the bolts on the plate with an appropriate adhesive. Afterwards, the
bolts are fastened with nuts.
126.96.36.199. The cover material (1,250 × 1,200mm, see Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this Annex) is cut
across the width in such a way that it is not possible for the material to overlap after
covering. There should be a gap of about 100mm between the edges of the cover material.
Therefore the material has to be cut at about 1,200mm.
188.8.131.52. The cover material is marked with two lines which run across the width. They are drawn
375mm from the centreline of the cover material. (See Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this
184.108.40.206. The seat foam cushion is placed upside down on the cover material with the aluminium
bottom-plate on top.
220.127.116.11. On both sides the cover material is stretched until the lines drawn on it match the edges of
the aluminium bottom-plate. At each bolt position, small incisions are made and the cover
material is pulled over the bolts.
18.104.22.168. At the position of the grooves in the bottom-plate and in the foam, the cover material should
22.214.171.124. The cover is glued to the aluminium plate with a flexible glue. The nuts have to be removed
126.96.36.199. The flaps on the side are folded onto the plate and are glued as well.
188.8.131.52. The flaps in the grooves are folded inside and taped with a strong tape.
184.108.40.206. The flexible glue has to dry for at least 12h.
3.3. Trolley Floor Pan
3.3.1. The floor pan of the trolley shall be constructed of a flat sheet of metal of uniform thickness
and material, see Figure 2 of Appendix 3 to this Annex.
220.127.116.11. The floor pan shall be rigidly mounted on the trolley. The height of the floor pan relative to
the Cr axis projection point, Dimension X in Figure 2, shall be adjusted to meet the
requirements of Paragraph 18.104.22.168.9.
22.214.171.124. The floor pan shall be designed so that the surface hardness should not be below 120 HB,
according to EN ISO 6506-1:1999.
126.96.36.199. The floor pan shall withstand an applied vertical concentrated load of 5kN without causing a
vertical movement greater than 2mm referring to Cr axis and without any permanent
188.8.131.52. The floor pan shall have a surface roughness not exceeding Ra 6,3 according to
184.108.40.206. The floor pan shall be designed so that no permanent deformation is occurring after a
dynamic test of a child restraint system, according to this Regulation.
4. STOPPING DEVICE
4.1. The device consists of two identical absorbers mounted in parallel.
4.2. If necessary, an additional absorber shall be used for each 200kg increase in nominal mass.
Each absorber shall comprise:
4.2.1. An outer casing formed from a steel tube;
4.2.2. A polyurethane energy-absorber tube;
4.2.3. A polished-steel olive-shaped knob penetrating into the absorber; and
4.2.4. A shaft and an impact plate.
4.3. The dimensions of the various parts of this absorber are shown in the diagram reproduced
in Appendix 2 to this Annex.
4.4. The characteristics of the absorbing material are given in Table 3 and Table 4 of this Annex.
4.5. The stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12h at a temperature
between 15° and 25°C before being used for the calibration tests described in Annex 7 to
this Regulation. The stopping device shall, for each type of test, meet the performance
requirements laid down in Annex 7, Appendices 1 and 2. For dynamic tests of a child
restraint, the stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12h at the same
temperature, to within ±2°C, as that of the calibration test. Any other device giving
equivalent results can be accepted.
Characteristics of the Absorbing Material "B"
(ASTM Method 2 000 (1980) unless otherwise stated)
Shore hardness A:
88 ± 2 at 20 ± 5°C temperature
Module at 100% elongation:
at 300% elongation:
Low temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736):
5h at - 55°C.
Compression set (Method B):
22h at 70°C ≤ 45%
Density at 25°C:
1.08 to 1.12
Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573 (1981)):
70h at 100°C: Shore hardness: max. variation ±3
breaking strength: decrease < 10% of R
elongation: decrease < 10% of A
weight: decrease < 1%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) oil No. 1):
70h at 100°C: Shore hardness: max. variation ±4
breaking strength: decrease < 15% of R
elongation: decrease < 10% of A
volume: swelling < 5%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) oil No. 3):
70h at 100°C:
Immersion in distilled water:
1 week at 70°C:
breaking strength: decrease < 15% of R
elongation: decrease < 15% of A
volume: swelling < 20%
breaking strength: decrease < 35% of R
elongation: increase < 20% of A
Dimensions of the Aluminium Bottom-plate
3- Dimensional View of Seat
Stopping Device Olive-shaped Knob
Stopping Device Olive-shaped Knob
ANNEX 6 − APPENDIX 3
ARRANGEMENT AND USE OF ANCHORAGES ON THE TEST TROLLEY
1. The anchorages shall be positioned as shown in the Figure below.
When attaching the standard anchorage plate to the anchorage Points A and B or B0 the plates
shall be mounted with the bolt in the transverse horizontal direction with the angled surface
facing inboard and shall be free to rotate about the axis
2. Child restraints in the "universal" and "restricted" categories shall use the following anchorage
2.1. For child restraint using lap belts, Points A and B;
2.2. For child restraint using lap and diagonal belts, Points A, BO and C.
2.3. For child restraints using ISOFIX attachment, rearmost Point H1 and H2.
3. Anchorages A, B and/or (rearmost) H H and D shall be used for child restraints in the
"semi-universal" category having only one additional upper anchorage.
4. Anchorages A, B and/or (rearmost) H H , E and F shall be used for child restraints in the
"semi-universal" category having only one additional upper anchorages.
5. Anchorage Points R , R , R , R and R are the additional anchorage points for rearward-facing
child restraint systems in the "semi-universal" category having one or more additional
anchorages (see Paragraph 220.127.116.11.3 of this Regulation.).
6. Except in the case of Point C, (which represents the pillar loop position) the points, which
correspond to the arrangement of the anchorages show where the ends of the belt are to be
connected to the trolley or to the load transducer, as the case may be. The structure carrying
the anchorages shall be rigid. The upper anchorages shall not be displaced by more than
0.2mm in the longitudinal direction when a load of 980N is applied to them in that direction. The
trolley shall be so constructed that no permanent deformation shall occur in the parts bearing
the anchorages during the test.
7. For carry-cots in Group 0, the Points A and/or B can be used alternatively, as specified by the
manufacturer of the restraint systems. A and B are located on a transverse line through R at
a distance of 350mm from R .
8. For testing of child restraints in the "universal" and "restricted" categories, a standard retractor
belt, as specified in Annex 13, shall be fitted to the test seat. The webbing used between the
retractor and the anchorage Plate A of the standard safety belt shall be renewed for each
9. For testing of child restraints with top tether, the anchorage G or G shall be used.
10. In the case of child restraints utilising a support leg, the Technical Service shall select the
anchorages to be used according to Paragraphs 2., 3., 4. or 5. above and with the support leg
adjusted as specified in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.9.
Floor Area is Hatched
CURVE OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION,
AS FUNCTION OF TIME
In all cases the calibration and measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the
International Standard ISO 6487:2002; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification of
a data channel with a channel frequency class (CFC) 60.
ANNEX 7 − APPENDIX 2
CURVES OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION,
AS FUNCTION OF TIME
Definition of the Different Curves
ANNEX 8 − APPENDIX 1
DESCRIPTION OF THE 9 MONTHS AND 3, 6 AND 10-YEAR MANIKINS
The dimensions and masses of the manikins described below are based on the
anthropometry of 50th percentile children aged 9 months and 3, 6 and 10 years
1.2. The manikins consist of a metal and polyester skeleton with cast polyurethane body
1.3. For an exploded view of the manikin, see Figure 9.
2.1.1. The head is made of polyurethane and reinforced by metal strips. Inside the head it is
possible to install measuring equipment on a polyamide block at the centre of gravity.
2.2.1. Neck Vertebrae
22.214.171.124. The neck is made of 5 rings of polyurethane containing a core of polyamide elements. The
Atlas-Axis block is made of polyamide.
2.2.2. Lumbar Vertebrae
126.96.36.199. The five lumbar vertebrae are made of polyamide.
2.3.1. The skeleton of the chest consists of a tubular steel frame on which the arm joints are
mounted. The spine consists of a steel cable with four threaded terminals.
2.3.2. The skeleton is coated with polyurethane. Measuring equipment can be housed in the chest
2.4.1. The arms and legs are also made of polyurethane, reinforced by metal elements in the form
of square tubes, strips and plates. The knees and elbows are provided with adjustable hinge
joints. The joints of the upper arm and upper leg consist of adjustable ball and socket joints.
3.2. Principal Dimensions
3.2.1. The principal dimensions, based on Figure 1 of this Annex, are given in Table 2.
Principal Dimensions of Manikin
4.3. Atlas-Axis Joint
4.3.1. Place the torso on its back in a horizontal plane.
4.3.2. Mount the complete neck and head assembly.
4.3.3. Tighten the bolt and adjustment nut through the head and the Atlas-Axis block with the head
in a horizontal position.
4.3.4. Loosen the adjustment nut until the head starts moving (see Figure 3).
4.6. Shoulder Joint
4.6.1. Place the torso upright.
4.6.2. Mount the upper arm without the lower arm.
4.6.3. Tighten the adjustment nuts of the shoulder with the upper arm in a horizontal position.
4.6.4. Loosen the adjustment nuts until the upper arm starts moving (see Figure 6).
4.6.5. The shoulder joints should be checked frequently in the initial stages because of
4.9. Calibration of the Abdominal Insert
188.8.131.52. The test shall be carried out by means of a suitable tension-producing machine.
4.9.2. Place the abdominal insert on a rigid block with the same length and width as the lumbar
spinal column. The thickness of this block shall be at least twice the thickness of the lumbar
spinal column (see Figure 9).
4.9.3. An initial load of 20N shall be applied.
4.9.4. A constant load of 50N shall be applied.
4.9.5. The deflection of the abdominal insert after 2min shall be:
9 months dummy: 11.5 ± 2.0mm
3 years dummy: 11.5 ± 2.0mm
6 years dummy: 13.0 ± 2.0mm
10 years dummy: 13.0 ± 2.0mm
5.1.1. The calibration and measuring procedures shall be based upon the international standards
ISO 6487 (1980).
5.2. Installation of the Accelerometer in the Chest
The accelerometer shall be mounted in the protected cavity in the chest.
ANNEX 8 − APPENDIX 2
DESCRIPTION OF THE "NEW-BORN" MANIKIN
The manikin comprises a head, torso, arms and legs as a single unit. The torso, arms and legs are a
single moulding of Sorbothane covered with a PVC skin and containing a steel spring spine. The head is
a polyurethane foam moulding covered by a PVC skin and is permanently attached to the torso. The
manikin is provided with a close fitting stretch cotton/polyester suit.
The dimensions and mass distribution of the dummy are based on those of a 50th percentile new-born
baby and are given in Tables 1 and 2 and in Figure 1.
Principal Dimensions of the "New-Born" Manikin
Dimension mm Dimension mm
Rump − Sole (with straight leg)
C of G from top of head
Mass Distribution of the "New-Born" Manikin
Head and neck
CALIBRATION OF INFANT MANIKIN
1. SHOULDER STIFFNESS
1.1. Place manikin on its back on a horizontal surface and support torso on one side, to prevent
movement. (Figure 2)
1.2. Apply a load of 150N, on a 40mm diameter flat faced plunger, horizontally, in a direction
perpendicular to the manikin's superior-inferior axis. The axis of the plunger should be in the
centre of the manikin's shoulder and adjacent to Point A on the shoulder (see Figure 2). The
lateral deflection of the plunger from the point of first contact with the arm should be between
30mm and 50mm.
1.3. Repeat on the opposite shoulder - reversing the support.
2. LEG JOINT STIFFNESS
2.1. Place manikin on its back on a horizontal plane (Figure 3) and strap the two lower legs together,
bringing the inside of the knee into contact.
2.2. Apply a vertical load over the knees with a 35mm × 95mm flat faced plunger with the centre line
of the plunger over the highest point of the knees.
2.3. Apply sufficient force to the plunger to bend the hips until the face of the plunger is 85mm above
the support plane. This force should be between 30N and 70N. Ensure lower limbs do not
contact any surface during the test.
Calibration should be carried out of a temperature between 15°C and 30°C.
ANNEX 8 - APPENDIX 3
DESCRIPTION OF THE 18 MONTHS MANIKIN
1.1. The dimensions and masses of the manikin are based on the anthropometry of
50th percentile child, 18 months old.
2.1.1. The head consists of a semi-rigid plastic skull covered with a head skin. The skull has a
cavity which allows for the mounting of (optional) instrumentation.
2.2.1. The neck consists of three parts:
2.2.2. A solid rubber column,
2.2.3. An adjustable OC joint at the top of the rubber column, allowing rotation under adjustable
friction around the lateral axis.
2.2.4. A non-adjustable spherical joint at the base of the neck.
2.3.1. The torso consists of a plastic skeleton, covered with a flesh/skin system. The torso has a
cavity in front of the skeleton and accepts a foam filling to achieve the correct stiffness of the
thorax. The torso has a cavity at the back which allows for the mounting of instrumentation.
2.4.1. The abdomen of the dummy is a one part deformable element which is inserted into the
opening between the thorax and the pelvis.
2.5. Lumbar Spine
2.5.1. The lumbar spine consists of a rubber column which is mounted between the thoracic
skeleton and the pelvis. The stiffness of the lumbar spine is pre-set using a metal cable
which runs through the hollow core of the rubber column.
2.6.1. The pelvis is made of a semi-rigid plastic, and is moulded in the shape of a child's pelvis. It
is covered with a flesh skin system, simulating the flesh/skin around the pelvis and buttocks.
3. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Mass Distribution of the 18 Months Manikin
No. Dimension Value (mm)
1 Back of buttocks to front of knee 239
2 Back of buttocks to popliteus, sitting 201
3 Centre of gravity to seat 193
4 Chest circumference 474
5 Chest depth 113
7 Head width 124
8 Head length 160
9 Hip circumference, sitting 510
10 Hip circumference, standing (not shown) 471
11 Hip depth, sitting 125
12 Hip width, sitting 174
13 Neck width 65
14 Seat to elbow 125
15 Shoulder width 224
17 Height, sitting 495
18 Shoulder height, sitting 305
19 Sole to popliteus, sitting 173
20 Stature (not shown) 820
21 Thigh height, sitting 66
4. ADJUSTMENT OF JOINTS
4.1.1. In order to achieve reproducible results using the manikins, it is essential to adjust the
friction in various joints, the tension in the lumbar spine, and the stiffness of the abdominal
All parts shall be checked for damage prior to these instructions.
4.3.4. The deflection of the abdominal insert after 2min shall be 12 ± 2mm.
4.4. Adjustment of the Neck
4.4.1. Mount the complete neck, consisting of the rubber column, spherical base joint and OC joint
against a vertical surface such that the frontal side is facing downward (Figure 4).
4.4.2. Apply a vertically directed force of 100N on the axis of the OC joint. The position of the
OC joint should display a downward displacement between 22 ± 2mm.
5.1.1. Although provisions have been made to equip the 18 months manikin with a number of
transducers, it is standard equipped with replacements of equal size and weight.
5.1.2. The calibration and measuring procedures shall be based upon the international standard
5.2. Installation of the Accelerometer in the Chest
5.2.1. The accelerometer shall be mounted in the cavity in the chest. This is done from the rear of
5.3. Indication of Abdominal Penetration
5.3.1. The occurrence or absence of abdominal penetration shall be assessed using high speed
1.5. Impact Velocity
The impact velocity shall be 50 +0/-2km/h. However, if the test has been carried out at a higher
impact velocity and the vehicle has satisfied the conditions prescribed, the test is considered
1.6. Measuring Instruments
The instrument used to record the speed referred to in Paragraph 1.5. above shall be accurate
1.5. Special Provisions Applicable where a Pendulum is Used
1.5.1. The distance between the centre of the impacting surface and the axis of rotation of the
pendulum shall be not less than 5m.
1.5.2. The impactor shall be freely suspended by rigid arms, rigidly secured to it. The pendulum so
constituted shall be substantially incapable of being deformed by the impact.
1.5.3. A stopping device shall be incorporated in the pendulum to prevent any secondary impact by
the impactor on the test vehicle.
1.5.4. At the moment of impact, the velocity of the centre of percussion of the pendulum shall be
between 30 and 32km/h.
1.5.5. The reduced mass "m " at the centre of percussion of the pendulum is defined as a function of
the total mass "m", of the distance "a" between the centre of percussion and the axis of
rotation, and of the distance "l" between the centre of gravity and the axis of rotation, by the
⋅ m ⋅
1.5.6. The reduced mass "mr" shall be 1,100 ± 20kg.
1.6. General Provisions Relating to the Mass and Velocity of the Impactor
If the test has been conducted at an impact velocity higher than those prescribed in
Paragraph 1.5.4. and/or with a mass greater than those prescribed in Paragraphs 1.5.3. or
1.5.6., and the vehicle has met the requirements prescribed, the test shall be considered
1.7. State of the Vehicle during the Test
The vehicle being tested shall either be fitted with all the normal components and equipment
included in its unladen service weight or be in such condition as to fulfil this requirement in so
far as the distribution of the service weight of the vehicle as a whole is concerned.
1.8. The complete vehicle with the child restraint installed in accordance with the fitting
instructions shall be placed on a hard, flat and level surface, with the handbrake off and in
neutral gear. More than one child restraint may be tested in the same impact test.
Dimensions in mm
Figures 1a and 1b
Standard Seat Belt Configurations
Two-point Static Belt
Three-point Retracting Belt
Dimensions in mm
Central Part of the Standard Belt Configuration
TYPE APPROVAL SCHEME (FLOW CHART ISO 9002:2000)
The explanatory notes given in this Annex concern interpretation difficulties with the Regulation. They are
meant as a guide for the Technical Services performing the tests.
A quick adjuster can also be a device with a rotation shaft and spring similar to a retractor with a manual
release. The adjuster should be tested to the requirements of Paragraphs 184.108.40.206. and 220.127.116.11.3.
A semi-universal restraint specified for fitting to the rear seat in both a saloon and an estate type vehicle
in which the whole belt assembly is identical is one "type".
The significance of changes in the dimensions and/or mass of the seat, padding or impact shield and the
energy-absorbing characteristics or colour of the material are to be considered when deciding whether a
new type has been created.
Paragraphs 2.19.4. and 2.19.5.
These Paragraphs shall not apply to any safety belts separately approved in accordance with
Regulation No. 16 which is necessary to anchor the child restraint to the vehicle or to restrain the child.
For rearward-facing child restraints the correct position of the top of the restraint relative to the child
dummy head is ensured by installing the largest dummy, for which the device was specified, in the most
reclined configuration, and making sure that a horizontal line at the eye height passes below the top of
The 150mm requirement also applies to carry-cots.
The limit of acceptable movement of the shoulder belt is that the lower edge of the shoulder portion of
the standard safety-belt shall not be lower than the dummy’s elbow at the point of maximum excursion of
Common understanding is that it applies also to devices that have such a lock-off even if they are not
required for that group. Thus the test would be applied to a Group 2 only device, but at the prescribed
force, i.e. twice the mass of Group 1 dummy.
The overturning test will be conducted using the same installation procedure and parameters as those
defined for the dynamic test.
The wording of this Paragraph refers to accelerations representing tensile loads in the spine of the
Visible signs of penetration means penetration of the clay by the abdominal insert (under pressure from
the restraint) but not bending of the clay without compression in a horizontal direction as for instance is
brought about by simple bending of the spine. See also interpretation of Paragraph 6.2.4.
The first sentence is complied with if the hand of the dummy could reach the buckle.
This shall be used to ensure that separately approved guide-straps shall be easily attached and
Two straps are required. Measure the breaking load of the first strap. Measure the width of the second
strap at 75% of this load.
Items which may be disassembled or unthreaded and where incorrect reassembly is probable for an
untrained user and could result in a dangerous configuration shall not be allowed.
"Fastened to the seat" means the test seat as prescribed in Annex 6. "Specific devices may" means that
a 'specific' restraint would normally be tested for overturning when installed in the test seat, but that
testing in the vehicle seat was allowed.
The hinged board or similar flexible device is intended to simulate the removal of clothing from the child
and a failure to re-adjust the harness system. Where the child is restrained by a system that adjusts to fit
the child’s physique without external intervention (where the adult belt is used or the harness contains
automatic or emergency locking retractors), it shall not be necessary to use the hinged board. For child
restraint systems where the length of the straps can be fixed (for example a harness without retractors or
the adult belt is used with a lock-off), the use of the hinged board is required. The hinged board must be
used for the setup of CRS using belted impact shields.
CONTROL OF CONFORMITY OF PRODUCTION
Child restraint systems shall be required to demonstrate compliance with the requirements on
which the following tests are based:
1.1. Verification of the Locking Threshold and Durability of Emergency Locking Retractors
According to the provisions of Paragraph 18.104.22.168. in the most unfavourable direction as
appropriate after having undergone the durability testing detailed in Paragraphs 22.214.171.124.,
126.96.36.199. and 188.8.131.52. as a requirement of Paragraph 184.108.40.206.6.
1.2. Verification of the Durability of Automatically Locking Retractors
According to the provisions of Paragraph 220.127.116.11. supplemented by the tests in
Paragraphs 18.104.22.168. and 22.214.171.124. as a requirement of Paragraph 126.96.36.199.3.
1.3. Test for Strength of Straps after Conditioning
According to the procedure described in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. after conditioning according to the
requirements of Paragraphs 184.108.40.206.1. to 220.127.116.11.5.
1.3.1. Test for Strength of Straps after Abrasion
According to the procedure described in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. after conditioning according to the
requirements described in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.6.
1.4. Microslip Test
According to the procedure described in Paragraph 8.2.3. of this Regulation.
1.5. Energy Absorption
According to the provisions of Paragraph 7.1.2. of this Regulation.
1.6. Verification of the performance requirements of the child restraint system when subjected to
the appropriate dynamic test
According to the provisions set out in Paragraph 8.1.3. with any buckle having been
pre-conditioned according to the requirements of Paragraph 126.96.36.199. such that the appropriate
requirements of Paragraph 7.1.4. (for the overall performance of the child restraint) and
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1. (for the performance of any buckle under load) are complied with.
1.7. Temperature Test
According to the provisions of Paragraph 7.1.5. of this Regulation.
184.108.40.206. In order to be accepted, a batch of child restraint systems shall satisfy the following
Number in the
Number of samples/child
N<500 1st = 1MH
2nd = 1MH
2.3. For "built-in" vehicle specific devices, the following test frequencies shall apply:
Child restraints, except booster cushions:
Once every 8 weeks
Once every 12 weeks
At each test all requirements according to Paragraphs 7.1.4. and 220.127.116.11.1. shall be fulfilled. If
all tests during one year show satisfactory results, the manufacturer may, after agreement
with the Type Approval Authority, reduce the frequencies as follows:
Child restraints, except booster cushions:
Once every 16 weeks
Once every 24 weeks
However, a minimum frequency of one test per year shall be permitted where annual
production is 1,000 child restraint systems or less.
2.3.1. For vehicle-specific devices according to Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1., the child restraint
manufacturer may choose Conformity of Production procedures according to either
Paragraph 2.2., on a test seat, or Paragraph 2.3., in a vehicle body shell.
2.3.2. Where a test sample fails a particular test to which it has been subjected, a further test to the
same requirement shall be carried out on at least three other samples. In the case of dynamic
tests if one of the latter fails, the production is considered to be non-conforming and the
frequency shall be raised to the higher one if the lower one was used according to
Paragraph 2.3. and necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the
2.4. When production is found to be non-conforming according to Paragraphs 22.214.171.124., 126.96.36.199. or
2.3.2. , the holder of the approval or his duly accredited representative shall:
2.4.1. Notify the Type Approval Authority which has granted type approval indicating what steps
have been taken to re-establish the conformity of production.
2.5. The manufacturer shall advise the Type Approval Authority on a quarterly basis, the volume
of products produced against each approval number, providing a means of identifying which
products correspond to that approval number.
The acceleration shall be recorded during the test, using equipment in accordance with channel
frequency class 1,000 as specified in the latest version of ISO 6487.
3.1. The assembled child restraint shall be placed in the region of impact on a rigid flat surface,
whose minimum dimensions are 500 × 500mm, so that the direction of impact is perpendicular to
the inner surface of the child restraint system in the area of impact.
3.2. Raise the headform to a height of 100 –0/+5mm from the respective upper surfaces of the
assembled child restraint to the lowest point on the headform, and allow it to fall. Record the
acceleration experienced by the headform during impact.
DESCRIPTION OF CONDITIONING OF ADJUSTERS
MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON CHILD RESTRAINTS
1.1. With the webbing set at the reference position described in Paragraph 8.2.7., withdraw at least
50mm of webbing from the integral harness by pulling on the free end of the webbing.
1.2. Attach the adjusted part of the integral harness to the pulling Device A.
1.3. Activate the adjuster and pull at least 150mm of webbing into the integral harness. This
represents half of one cycle and puts pulling Device A to the maximum webbing extraction
1.4. Connect free end of webbing to pulling Device B.
2. THE CYCLE IS:
2.1. Pull B at least 150mm whilst A exerts no tension on the integral harness.
2.2. Activate the adjusters and pull A whilst B exerts no tension on the free end of the webbing.
2.3. At the end of stroke, de-activate the adjuster.
2.4. Repeat cycle as specified in Paragraph 188.8.131.52.
DYNAMIC CRASH TEST INSTALLATION
1.1. Lap Belt Only
Fit load cell 1 to the outboard position as shown above. Install the child restraint and tension
the reference belt at the outboard position to achieve a load of 75N ± 5N at the outboard
1.2. Lap and Diagonal Belt
1.2.1. Fit load cell 1 to the outboard position as shown above. Install the child restraint into the correct
position. If a lock-off device is fitted to the child restraint and acts upon the diagonal belt, place
load cell 2 at a convenient position behind the child restraint between the lock-off device and
the buckle as shown above. If no lock-off device is fitted or if the lock-off device is fitted at the
buckle, position load cell at a convenient position between the pillar loop and the child restraint.
1. Installation is conducted after fitting the manikin into the restraint, for Paragraphs 1.1. and 1.2.
2. Because the foam test cushion will compress after installation of the child restraint, the dynamic
test shall be conducted no more than 10min after installation as possible. To allow the cushion to
recover, the minimum period between two tests using the same cushion shall be 20min.
3. Load cells fitted directly onto the belt webbing may be disconnected electrically, but shall be left
in place during the dynamic test. The mass of each cell is not to exceed 250grams. Alternatively
the lap belt webbing load cell may be replaced by a load cell fixed at the anchorage point.
4. In the case of restraints fitted with devices intended to increase the adult safety-belt tension, the
test method shall be:
Install the child restraint system as required in this Annex and then apply the tensioner device as
stated in the manufacturers instructions. If the device cannot be applied due to excess tension
then it is deemed to be an unacceptable device.
5. No additional force shall be applied to the child restraint system other than the minimum required
to achieve the correct installation forces as specified in Paragraphs 1.1. and 1.2.2.
6. In case of carry-cot installed as described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.6., the connection between the
adult safety belt and the restraint shall be simulated. A 500mm free end length adult safety belt
(measured as described in Annex 13) is connected by the anchoring plate described in Annex 13
to the prescribed anchoring points. The restraint is then connected to the free end adult safety
belts. The tension on the adult safety belt, measured between the anchoring point and the
restraint shall be 50 ± 5N.
Booster Pull Test Using Manikin Block
Load Application Device II
FLAMMABILITY OF MATERIALS INTENDED TO BE USED IN BUILT-IN
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
"Occupant compartment air space" means the space within the occupant compartment that
normally contains refreshable air.
2. MATERIAL SELECTION (SEE FIGURE 1 BELOW)
2.1. Any portion of a single or composite material which is within 13mm of the occupant
compartment air space shall meet the requirements in Paragraph 6.1.6.
2.1.1. Any material that does not adhere to other material(s) at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6.when tested separately
2.1.2. Any material that adheres to other materials at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6. when tested as a composite with the other material(s).
Material A has a non-adhering interface with material B and is tested separately.
Part of material B is within 13mm of the occupant compartment air space, and materials B
and C adhere at every point of contact; therefore, B and C are tested as a composite.
The cut is in material C as shown in Figure 1, to make a specimen 13mm thick
3. TEST PROCEDURE
3.1. The test is conducted in a metal cabinet for protecting the test specimens from drafts. The
interior of the cabinet is 381mm long, 203mm deep, and 356mm high. It has a glass
observation window in the front, a closable opening to permit insertion of the specimen holder,
and a hole to accommodate tubing for a gas burner. For ventilation, it has a 13mm clearance
space around the top of the cabinet, ten holes in the base of the cabinet, each hole 19mm in
diameter and legs to elevate the bottom of the cabinet by 10mm, all located as shown in
5.2. Place the mounted specimen in a horizontal position, in the centre of the cabinet.
5.3. With the flame adjusted according to 2.4, position the bunsen burner and specimen so that the
centre of the burner tip is 19mm below the centre of the bottom edge of the open end of the
5.4. Expose the specimen to the flame for 15s.
5.5. Begin timing (without reference to the period of application of the burner flame) when the flame
from the burning specimen reaches a point 38mm from the open end of the specimen.
5.6. Measure the time that it takes the flame to progress to a point 38mm from the clamped end of
the specimen. If the flame does not reach the specified end point, time its progress to the point
where flaming stops.
5.7. Calculate the burn rate from the formula:
B = 60 × (D/T)
B = Burn rate in millimeters per minute
D = Length the flame travels in millimeters, and
T = Time in seconds for the flame to travel D millimeters.
All Dimensions in Millimeters (mm)