Regulation No. 44-04
|Name:||Regulation No. 44-04|
|Description:||Child Restraint Systems.|
|Official Title:||Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of: Restraining Devices for Child Occupants of Power-driven Vehicles ("Child Restraint System").|
|Country:||ECE - United Nations|
|Date of Issue:||1981-01-22|
|Amendment Level:||04 Series, Supplement 18|
|Number of Pages:||165|
|Subject Categories:||Occupant Protection|
Available on InterRegs.NET
Our online subscription service, offering immediate access to our extensive library of global vehicle regulations, standards and legislation. A fully searchable, accurate, user-friendly resource for consolidated regulations that are updated quickly and frequently.
Tell me more | Already a subscriber
Available on SelectRegs.com
Our fast and easy means of purchasing up-to-date global vehicle and component standards and regulations on a pay-as-you-go basis. Pay securely by credit card and your documents are delivered directly and immediately to your computer as PDF files.
Tell me more | Go straight to site
child, restraint, test, paragraph, device, annex, regulation, vehicle, belt, seat, strap, approval, system, position, figure, means, isofix, force, tests, requirements, load, amendments, manikin, series, type, devices, retractor, systems, head, adult, impact, restraints, buckle, trolley, case, leg, part, prescribed, entry, dimensions, anchorages, mass, point, dynamic, production, horizontal, date, manufacturer, material, lower
All InterRegs documents are formatted as PDF files and contain the full text, tables, diagrams and illustrations of the original as issued by the national government authority. We do not re-word, summarise, cut or interpret the regulatory documents. They are consolidated, published in English, and updated on a regular basis. The following text extract indicates the scope of the document, but does not represent the actual PDF content.
July 2, 2021
STATUS OF UNITED NATIONS REGULATION
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF:
RESTRAINING DEVICES FOR CHILD OCCUPANTS OF
POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES ("CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS")
Incorporating all valid text up to and including:
Supplement 6 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.08.04
Supplement 7 to the 03 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.05
04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 23.06.05
Supplement 1 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 04.07.06
Corr. 1 of 01.08.06 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 21.06.06
Supplement 2 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 02.02.07
Supplement 3 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 12.06.07
Supplement 4 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 10.11.07
Corr. 1 of 18.01.08 to Supplement 4 to the 04 series of amendments Date of Entry into Force: 14.11.07
Corr. 1 of 15.01.09 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 12.11.08
Corr. 2 of 30.04.09 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Date of Entry into Force: 10.03.09
Corr. 3 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Corr. 4 to Revision 2 of the Regulation
Supplement 5 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 27.01.13
Supplement 6 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.07.13
Supplement 7 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 13.02.14
Corr.1 to Revision 3 of the Regulation
Supplement 8 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.01.15
Supplement 9 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 15.06.15
Supplement 10 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 18.06.16
Supplement 11 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 09.02.17
Supplement 12 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 22.06.17
Supplement 13 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 19.07.18
Supplement 14 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 29.12.18
Supplement 15 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 28.05.19
Supplement 16 to the 04 series of amendments
Date of Entry into Force: 11.01.20
UN REGULATION No. 44-04
UNIFORM PROVISIONS CONCERNING THE APPROVAL OF RESTRAINING DEVICES FOR CHILD
OCCUPANTS OF POWER-DRIVEN VEHICLES ("CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS")
3. Application for Approval
6. General Specifications
7. Particular Specifications
8. Description of Tests
9. Test Reports of Type Approval and of Production Qualification
10. Modifications and Extension of Approval of a Type of Child Restraint System
11. Production Qualification
12. Conformity of Production and Routine Tests
13. Penalties for Non-conformity of Production
14. Production Definitively Discontinued
16. Names and Addresses of Technical Services Responsible for Conducting Approval Tests, and of
Type Approval Authorities
17. Transitional Provisions
Annex 16 – Control of Conformity of Production.
Annex 17 – Test of Energy Absorbing Material
Method of Defining Head Impact Area of Devices with Backrests and for
Rearward-facing Devices Defining the Minimum Size of Side Wings
Annex 19 – Description of Conditioning of Adjusters Mounted Directly on Child Restraints
Annex 20 – Typical Buckle Strength Test Device
Annex 21 – Dynamic Crash Test Installation
Annex 22 – Lower Torso Body Block Test
Annex 23 – Load Application Devices
Annex 24 – Flammability of Materials intended to be used in Built-in Child Restraint Systems
184.108.40.206. ISOFIX Child restraint systems fall into 7 ISOFIX size classes described in
Regulation No. 16 Annex 17, Appendix 2:
Full Height Forward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Height Forward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Height Forward Facing Toddler CRS
Full Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS
Reduced Size Rearward Facing toddler CRS
Rearward Facing infant CRS
Left Lateral Facing position CRS (carry-cot)
Right Lateral Facing position CRS (carry-cot)
0 - up to 10kg
0+ - up to 13kg
I - 9 to 18kg
ISOFIX size category
2.1.2. Child restraints fall into four "categories":
220.127.116.11. A "universal" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1., 18.104.22.168., and 22.214.171.124.
on most vehicle seat positions, and in particular those which have been assessed
according to Regulation No. 16, � as being compatible with such a category of child
126.96.36.199. A "restricted" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1. and 188.8.131.52. in
designated seat positions for particular vehicle types as indicated by either the child
restraint manufacturer or the vehicle manufacturer:
184.108.40.206. A "semi-universal" category for use as specified in Paragraphs 6.1.1. and 220.127.116.11;
18.104.22.168. A "specific vehicle" category for use either;
22.214.171.124.1. On specific vehicle types, in accordance with Paragraphs 6.1.2. and 126.96.36.199.; or
188.8.131.52.2. As a "built in" child restraint.
2.8. "Strap" means a flexible component designed to transmit forces;
2.8.1. "Lap strap" means a strap which, either in the form of a complete belt or in the form of
a component of such a belt, passes across the front of, and restrains, directly or not,
the child's pelvis;
2.8.2. "Shoulder restraint" means that part of a belt which restrains the child's upper torso;
2.8.3. "Crotch strap" means a strap (or divided straps, where two or more pieces of webbing
make it) attached to the child restraint and the lap strap and is so positioned as to pass
between the child's thighs; it is designed to prevent the child sliding under the lap belt
in normal use and prevent the lap belt moving up off the pelvis in an impact.
2.8.4. "Child-restraining strap" means a strap which is a constituent part of the belt and
restrains only the body of the child;
2.8.5. "Child-restraint attachment strap" means a strap which attaches the child restraint to
the structure of the vehicle and may be a part of the vehicle-seat retaining device;
2.8.6. "Harness belt" means a belt assembly comprising a lap belt, shoulder restraints and,
where fitted, a crotch strap;
2.8.7. "Y-shaped belt" means a belt where the combination of straps is formed by a strap to
be guided between the child's legs and a strap for each shoulder.
2.8.8. "Guide strap" means a strap or device which constrains the shoulder strap of the adult
seat belt in a position to suit the child and where the effective position at which the
shoulder strap changes direction can be adjusted by means of a device which can be
moved up and down the strap to locate the wearer's shoulder, and then locked into that
position. This guide strap is not meant to carry a significant part of the dynamic load. A
guide strap is considered as a part of a child restraint system and cannot be separately
approved as a child restraint system under this Regulation.
2.9. "Buckle" means a quick release device which enables the child to be held by the
restraint or the restraint by the structure of the car and can be quickly opened. The
buckle may incorporate the adjusting device;
2.9.1. "Enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall not be
possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40mm;
2.9.2. "Non-enclosed buckle release button", a buckle release button such that it shall be
possible to release the buckle using a sphere having a diameter of 40mm.
2.10. "Adjusting device" means a device enabling the restraint or its attachments to be
adjusted to the physique of the wearer, the configuration of the vehicle, or both. The
adjusting device may either be part of the buckle or be a retractor or any other part of
the safety belt;
2.10.1. "Quick adjuster" means an adjusting device which can be operated by one hand in
one smooth movement.
2.10.2. "Adjuster mounted directly on child restraint" means an adjuster for the integral
harness which is directly mounted on the child restraint, as opposed to being directly
supported by the webbing that it is designed to adjust.
2.14.4. "Anti-rotation device"
An anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX universal child restraint system consists of
the ISOFIX top-tether.
An anti-rotation device for an ISOFIX semi-universal child restraint system
consists of either a top tether, the vehicle dashboard or a support leg intended to
limit the rotation of the restraint during a frontal impact.
For ISOFIX, universal and semi-universal, child restraint systems the vehicle
seat itself does not constitute an anti-rotation device.
2.14.5. "ISOFIX top tether anchorage" means a feature fulfilling the requirements of
UN Regulation No. 14 or UN Regulation No. 145, such as a bar, located in a defined
zone, designed to accept an ISOFIX top tether strap connector and transfer its restraint
force to the vehicle structure.
2.15. "Forward-facing" means facing in the normal direction of travel of the vehicle.
2.16. "Rearward-facing" means facing in the direction opposite to the normal direction of
travel of the vehicle.
2.17. "Inclined position" means a special position of the chair which allows the child to
2.18. "Lying down/supine/prone position" means a position where at least the child's
head and body excluding its limbs are on a horizontal surface when at rest in the
2.19. "Child-restraint type" means child restraints which do not differ in such essential
2.19.1. The category, and the mass group(s) for which and the position and orientation (as
defined in Paragraphs 2.15. and 2.16.) in which the restraint is intended to be used;
2.19.2. The geometry of the child restraint;
2.19.3. The dimensions, mass, material and colour of:
The padding; and
The impact shield;
2.19.4. The material, weave, dimensions and colour of the straps;
2.19.5. The rigid components (buckle, attachments, etc.).
2.23. "Seat type" means a category of adult seats which do not differ in such essential
2.23.1. The shape, dimensions and materials of the seat structure,
2.23.2. The types and dimensions of the seat-lock adjustment and locking systems, and
2.23.3. The type and dimensions of the adult safety-belt anchorage on the seat, of the seat
anchorage, and of the affected parts of the vehicle structure.
2.24. "Displacement system" means a device enabling the adult seat or one of its parts to
be displaced angularly or longitudinally, without a fixed intermediate position, to
facilitate the entry and exit of passengers and the loading and unloading of objects.
2.25. "Locking system" means a device ensuring that the adult seat and its parts are
maintained in the position of use.
2.26. "Lock-off device" is a device which locks and prevents movement of one section of
the webbing of an adult safety-belt relative to another section of the webbing of the
same belt. Such devices may act upon either diagonal or lap section or secure together
both lap and diagonal sections of the adult belt. The term covers the following classes:
2.26.1. "Class A device", a device that prevents the child pulling webbing from the retractor
through to the lap part of the belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child
2.26.2. "Class B device", a device that allows the retention of an applied tension in the lap
part of an adult safety-belt, when the adult belt is used to restrain the child restraint.
The device is intended to prevent webbing slipping from the retractor through the
device, which would release the tension and place the restraint in a non-optimal
2.27. "Special Needs Restraint" is a child restraint system designed for children who have
special needs as a result of either a physical or mental handicap; this device may in
particular permit additional restraining devices for any part of the child, but it shall
contain as a minimum a primary means of restraint which complies with the
requirements of this Regulation.
2.28. "ISOFIX attachment" means one of the two connections, fulfilling the requirement of
Paragraph 6.3.2. of this Regulation, extending from the ISOFIX child restraint system
structure, and compatible with an ISOFIX low anchorage.
2.29. "ISOFIX child restraint system" means a child restraint system which has to be
attached to an ISOFIX anchorage system fulfilling the requirement of
UN Regulation No. 14 or UN Regulation No. 145.
2.30. "Seat bight" means the area close to the intersection of the surfaces of the vehicle
seat cushion and the seat back.
2.31. "Vehicle seat fixture (VSF)" means a fixture, according to ISOFIX size classes
defined in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. and whose dimension are given in Figures 1 to 6 of
Annex 17 Appendix 2 of Regulation No. 16, used by a child restraint manufacturer to
determine the appropriate dimensions of an ISOFIX child restraint system and the
location of its ISOFIX attachments.
3. APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL
3.1. The application for approval of a type of child restraint shall be submitted by the holder
of the trade mark or by his duly accredited representative, and follow the type approval
scheme described in Annex 14.
3.2. The application for approval, relating to each type of child restraint, shall be
3.2.1. A technical description of the child restraint, specifying the straps and other materials
used together with the predicted and reproducible behaviour of load limiting devices. It
shall be accompanied by drawings of the parts making up the child restraint and in the
case of retractors, installation instructions for these retractors and their sensing
devices, declaration on toxicity (Paragraph 6.1.5.) and flammability (Paragraph 6.1.6.),
the drawings shall show the position intended for the approval number and additional
symbol(s) in relation to the circle of the approval mark. The description shall mention
the colour of the model submitted for approval;
3.2.2. Four samples of the child restraint;
3.2.3. A 10m length of each category of strap used in the child restraint; and
3.2.4. Additional samples shall be supplied at the request of the Technical Service
responsible for conducting the test;
3.2.5. Instructions and details of packaging in accordance with Paragraph 14. below;
3.2.6. In case of carry-cots, if the carry-cot restraint may be used in combination with a
number of types of carry-cots, the restraint manufacturer shall supply a list of the latter.
3.3. Where an approved adult safety belt is used to secure the child restraint, the
application shall stipulate the category of adult safety belt to be used, e.g. static lap
3.4. The Type Approval Authority of a Contracting Party shall verify, before granting type
approval the existence of satisfactory arrangements and procedures for ensuring
effective control so that child restraint systems, equipment or parts when in production
conform to the approved type.
4.1. The samples of child restraint submitted for approval in conformity with the provisions
of Paragraphs 3.2.2. and 3.2.3. above shall be clearly and indelibly marked with the
manufacturer's name, initials or trade mark.
4.2. One of the parts made of plastics of the child restraint device (such as shell, impact
shield, booster cushion, etc.), except the belt(s) or harness, shall be marked clearly
(and indelibly) with the year of production.
4.7. If the child restraint offers alternative load bearing contact points, the marking required
in Paragraph 4.3. shall include an indication that the alternative belt route is described
in the instructions.
4.8. ISOFIX Marking
If the product includes ISOFIX attachments, the following information shall be
permanently visible to someone installing the restraint in a vehicle:
The ISO ISOFIX logo followed by the letter(s) that is/are appropriate for the ISOFIX
size class(es) into which the product fits. As a minimum, a symbol consisting of a circle
with a diameter of minimum 13mm and containing a pictogram, the pictogram shall
contrast with the background of the circle. The pictogram shall be clearly visible either
by means of contrast colors or by adequate relief if it is molded or embossed.
B, C and F
The following information may be conveyed by pictograms and/or text. The marking
The essential relevant steps needed for making the seat ready for installation.
For example, the method of extending the ISOFIX latch system shall be
The position, function, and interpretation of any indicator shall be explained.
The position and if necessary the routing of top tethers, or other means of
limiting seat rotation requiring action by the user, shall be indicated using one of
the following symbols as appropriate.
5.4. In addition to the marks prescribed in Paragraph 4. above, the following particulars
shall be affixed in a suitable space to every child restraint conforming to a type
approved under this Regulation:
5.4.1. An international approval mark consisting of:
220.127.116.11. A circle surrounding the Letter "E" followed by the distinguishing number of the country
which has granted approval;
18.104.22.168. An approval number;
5.4.2. The following additional symbols:
22.214.171.124. The word(s) "universal", "restricted", "semi-universal" or "vehicle specific" depending on
the category of restraint.
126.96.36.199. The mass range for which the child restraint has been designed, namely, 0-10kg;
0-13kg; 9-18kg; 15-25kg; 22-36kg; 0-18kg; 9-25kg; 15-36kg; 0-25kg; 9-36kg; 0-36kg.
188.8.131.52. The Symbol "S" in the case of a "Special Needs Restraint".
5.5. The approval mark prescribed in Paragraph 5.4. above may not be replaced by an
Unique Identifier (UI) as referred to in Schedule 5 of the 1958 Agreement.
5.6. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the arrangement of the approval mark.
5.7. The particulars referred to in Paragraph 5.4. above shall be clearly legible and be
indelible, and may be affixed either by means of a label or by direct marking. The label
or marking shall be resistant to wear.
5.8. The labels referred to in Paragraph 5.6. above may be issued either by the authority
which has granted the approval or, subject to that authority's authorization, by the
6. GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
6.1. Positioning and Securing on the Vehicle
6.1.1. The use of child restraints in the "universal", "semi-universal" and "restricted"
categories is permitted in the front and rear seat positions if the restraints are fitted in
conformity with the manufacturer's instructions.
6.1.2. The use of child restraints in the "specific vehicle" category is permitted in all seat
positions and also in the luggage area if the restraints are fitted in conformity with the
manufacturer's instructions. In the case of a rear-facing restraint, the design shall
ensure that support for the child's head is provided whenever the restraint is ready to
use. This is to be determined as a line perpendicular to the seat back through the eye
line, the point of intersection shall be at least 40mm below the start of radius of such a
184.108.40.206. For the "universal" and "restricted" categories, by means of an adult safety-belt (with or
without a retractor) meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 16 (or equivalent) fitted
to anchorages meeting the requirements of Regulation No. 14 (or equivalent).
220.127.116.11. For ISOFIX "universal" child restraint systems by means of ISOFIX attachments and
ISOFIX top tether strap meeting the requirements of this Regulation fitted to ISOFIX
anchorages system and ISOFIX top tether anchorage meeting the requirements of
UN Regulation No. 14 or UN Regulation No. 145.
18.104.22.168. For the "semi-universal" category: by means of the lower anchorages prescribed in
UN Regulation No. 14 or UN Regulation No. 145 and additional anchorages meeting
the recommendation of Annex 11 to this Regulation;
22.214.171.124. For ISOFIX "semi-universal" Child Restraint Systems by means of ISOFIX attachments
and ISOFIX top tether strap or a support leg or vehicle dashboard, meeting the
requirements of this Regulation fitted to ISOFIX anchorages and/or to ISOFIX top
tether anchorage meeting the requirements of UN Regulation No. 14 or UN Regulation
126.96.36.199. For the "specific vehicle" category: by means of the anchorages designed by the
manufacturer of the vehicle or the manufacturer of the child restraint;
188.8.131.52. In the case of child restraining straps or child restraint attachment strap utilizing belt
anchorages to which are already fitted an adult belt or belts, the Technical Service shall
The effective adult anchorage position is as approved under Regulation No. 14 or
Effective operation of both devices is not hindered by the other;
The buckles of the adult and additional system shall not be interchangeable.
In the case of child restraining devices utilizing bars, or extra devices attached to the
anchorages approved under Regulation No. 14, which move the effective anchorage
position outside the field of Regulation No. 14, the following points shall apply:
Such devices will only be approved as semi-universal or specific vehicle devices;
The Technical Service shall apply the requirements of Annex 11 to this Regulation to
the bar and the fastenings;
The bar will be included in the dynamic test, with the loading being applied to the
mid-position and the bar and its greatest extension, if adjustable;
The effective position and operation of any adult anchorage by which the bar is fixed
shall not be impaired.
184.108.40.206. Child restraints utilizing a support leg shall only be approved under the "semi-universal"
or the "specific vehicle" category and the requirements of Annex 11 to this Regulation
shall be applied. The manufacturer of the child restraint system shall take into account
the needs of the support leg for their correct functioning in each vehicle and provide
6.1.7. In the case of rearward-facing child restraints supported by the vehicle dashboard, for
the purpose of approval to this Regulation the dashboard is assumed to be sufficiently
6.1.8. Integral child restraint systems of the "universal" category, except ISOFIX universal
child restraint systems, shall have a main load-bearing contact point, between the child
restraint and the webbing of the adult safety-belt. This point shall not be less than a
radius of 150mm from the Cr axis when measured with the child restraint as indicated
in Figures below, on the dynamic test bench installed in accordance with Annex 21 to
this Regulation, without a dummy.
Non-integral child restraint systems of the "universal" category, shall have a main
load-bearing contact point, between the child restraint and the webbing of the adult
safety-belt. This point shall not be less than 65mm vertically above the test bench
cushion and not be less than a radius of 150mm from the Cr axis when measured with
the child restraint as indicated in Figures below, on the dynamic test bench installed in
accordance with Annex 21 to this Regulation without a dummy.
Figures for the Explanation of the Measurement Procedure
(all dimensions in mm)
6.2.1. The configuration of the restraint shall be such that
220.127.116.11. The restraint gives the required protection in any intended position of the restraint
system; for "Special Needs Restraints" the primary means of restraint shall give the
required protection in any intended position of the restraint system without the use of
the additional restraining devices which may be present.
18.104.22.168. The child is easily and quickly installed and removed; in the case of a child restraint
system in which the child is restrained by means of a harness belt or a Y-shaped belt
without a retractor each shoulder restraint and lap strap shall be capable of movement
relative to each other during the procedure prescribed in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.
In these cases the belt assembly of the child restraint system may be designed with
two or more connecting parts. For "Special Needs Restraints" it is recognized that the
additional restraining devices will restrict the speed by which a child can be installed
and removed. However, the additional devices shall be designed to release quickly so
far as possible.
126.96.36.199. If it is possible to change the inclination of the restraint, this change in inclination shall
not require manual readjustment of the straps. A deliberate hand-action is required in
order to change the inclination of the restraint.
188.8.131.52. The Groups 0, 0+ and I restraint systems shall keep the child so positioned as to give
the required protection even when the child is asleep;
184.108.40.206. For all forward-facing Group I restraints incorporating an integral harness belt system to
prevent submarining, either by impact or through restlessness, a crotch strap shall be
6.2.4. The design shall be such that compression loads shall not be imposed on the crown of
the child's head in the event of a collision.
220.127.116.11. Y-shaped belts may only be used in rearward facing and lateral facing child restraint
6.2.5. The child restraint shall be so designed and installed as:
18.104.22.168. To minimize the danger of injury to the child or to other occupants of the vehicle
through sharp edges or protrusions (as defined in Regulation No. 21, for example);
22.214.171.124. Not to exhibit sharp edges or protrusions liable to cause damage to vehicle-seat covers
or to occupant's clothing;
126.96.36.199. Not to subject weak parts of the child's body (abdomen, crotch, etc.) to supplementary
inertial forces it sets up;
188.8.131.52. To ensure that its rigid parts do not, at points where they are in contact with straps,
exhibit sharp edges capable of abrading the straps.
6.2.6. Any part made separable to enable components to be fixed and detached shall be so
designed as to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and use so far as possible.
"Special Needs Restraints" may have additional restraining devices; these shall be
designed to avoid any risk of incorrect assembly and that their means of release and
mode of operation is immediately obvious to a rescuer in an emergency.
6.2.7. Where the child restraint intended for Group I, Group II and Groups I and II combined
includes a chair back, the internal height of the latter, determined in accordance with
the diagram in Annex 12, shall be not less than 500mm.
6.2.8. Only automatically-locking retractors or emergency-locking retractors may be used.
6.2.9. For devices intended for use in Group I it shall not be possible for the child to easily
slacken that part of the system that restrains the pelvis after the child has been
installed; for this purpose the requirements of Paragraph 7.2.5. (lock-off devices) shall
be fulfilled; any device that is designed to obtain this shall be permanently attached to
the child restraint system.
6.2.10. A child restraint may be designed for use in more than one mass group and/or by more
than one child, provided that it is able to satisfy the requirements laid down for each of
the groups concerned. A child restraint in the "universal" category shall meet the
requirements of that category for all mass groups for which it has been approved.
6.2.11. Child Restraints with Retractor
In the case of a child restraint incorporating a retractor, the retractor shall have met the
requirements of Paragraph 7.2.3. below.
6.2.12. In case of booster cushions, the ease with which the straps and tongue of an adult belt
pass through the fixture points shall be examined. This goes particularly for booster
cushions which are designed for the front seats of cars, which may have long semi-rigid
stalks. The fixed buckle should not be allowed to pass through the fixture points of
booster seats, or to permit a lie of belt completely different from that of the test-trolley.
Figure 0 (a)
Dimensions in mm
1 ISOFIX child restraint system
attachment - Example 1
2 ISOFIX child restraint system
attachment - Example 2
Engagement dimensions for ISOFIX top tether hookss are shown in Figure 0 (c).
Figure 0 (c)
ISOFIX Top Tether Connector (Hook Type) Dimensions
7.1.4. Dynamic Test
184.108.40.206. General. The child restraint shall be subjected to a dynamic test in conformity with
Paragraph 8.1.3. below.
220.127.116.11.1. Child restraints of the "universal", "restricted" and "semi-universal" categories shall be
tested on the test trolley by means of the test seat prescribed in Paragraph 6., and in
conformity with Paragraph 18.104.22.168.
22.214.171.124.2. Child restraints of the "specific vehicle" category shall be tested with each vehicle
model for which the child restraint is intended. The Technical Service responsible for
conducting the test may reduce the number of vehicle models tested if they do not
differ greatly in the aspects listed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.2.3. The child restraint may be
tested in one of the following ways:
188.8.131.52.2.1. On a complete vehicle, as prescribed in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.;
220.127.116.11.2.2. In a vehicle body shell on the test trolley, as prescribed in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.; or,
22.214.171.124.2.3. In sufficient parts of the vehicle bodyshell to be representative of the vehicle structure
and impact surfaces. If the child restraint is intended for use in the rear seat, these shall
include the back of the front seat, the rear seat, the floor pan, the B and C pillars and
the roof. If the child restraint is intended for use in the front seat, the parts shall include
the dashboard, the A pillars, the windscreen, any levers or knobs installed in the floor
or on a console, the front seat, the floor pan and the roof. Furthermore, if the child
restraint is intended for use in combination with the adult safety belt, the parts shall
include the appropriate adult belt(s). The Technical Service responsible for conducting
the test may permit items to be excluded if they are found to be superfluous. Testing
shall be as prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199.
188.8.131.52.3. The dynamic test shall be performed on child restraints which have not previously been
184.108.40.206.4. During the dynamic tests, no part of the child restraint actually helping to keep the child
in position shall break, and no buckles or locking system or displacement system or
support leg shall break or release or collapse, except where identified as a load limiting
device. Any load limiting device shall be clearly identified in the manufacturer's
technical descriptions as defined in Paragraph 3.2.1. of this Regulation.
220.127.116.11.5. In the case of "non-integral type" the seat belt used shall be the standard belt and its
anchorage brackets prescribed in Annex 13 to this Regulation. This does not apply to
"specific vehicle" approvals where the actual belt of the vehicle shall be used.
18.104.22.168.6. If a "specific vehicle" child restraint system is installed in the area behind the rearmost
forward facing adult seat positions (for example, the luggage area), one test with the
largest dummy/dummies on a complete vehicle as prescribed in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.3.
shall be performed. The other tests, including the conformity of production, may be
done as prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199., if the manufacturer so wishes.
188.8.131.52.7. In the case of a "Special Needs Restraint" every dynamic test specified by this
Regulation for each mass group shall be performed twice: first, using the primary
means of restraint and second, with all restraining devices in use. In these tests,
special attention shall be given to the requirements in Paragraphs 6.2.3. and 6.2.4.
184.108.40.206. Chest Acceleration
220.127.116.11.1. The resultant chest acceleration shall not exceed 55g except during periods whose
sum does not exceed 3ms.
18.104.22.168.2. The vertical component of the acceleration from the abdomen towards the head, "-z",
when the measurement procedures defined in Paragraph 8.5 of this document are
followed, shall not exceed 30g except during periods whose sum does not exceed 3ms.
The measurement procedures defined in Paragraph 8.5 of this document follow those
of ISO 6487 with SAE J211 sign convention, as shown in Figure A.
22.214.171.124. Abdominal Penetration
SAE J211 Sign Convention
126.96.36.199.1. During the verification described in Annex 8 � Appendix 1, Paragraph 5.3., there shall
be no visible signs of penetration of the modelling clay of the abdomen caused by any
part of the restraining device.
188.8.131.52. Manikin Displacement
184.108.40.206.1. Child restraints of the "universal", "restricted" and "semi-universal" categories:
220.127.116.11.1.2.2. Child restraints in Group 0 not supported by the dashboard, and carry-cots:
The head of the manikin shall not pass the Planes AB, AD and DE as shown in
Figure 3 below. This shall be judged up to 300ms or the moment that the manikin has
come to a definitive standstill whatever occurs first.
Arrangement for Testing Child Restraint Devices
Group 0, not Supported by the Dashboard
18.104.22.168.1.2.3. Child Restraints other than Group 0 not Supported by the Dashboard:
Dimensions in mm
The head of the manikin shall not pass the Planes FD, FG and DE, as shown in
Figure 4 below and there shall be no direct contact of the manikin head with the bar.
This shall be judged up to 300ms or the moment that the manikin has come to a
definitive standstill whatever occurs first.
In the case there is a contact of such a child restraint with the 100mm diameter bar and
all performance criteria are met, there shall be one further dynamic test (front impact)
with the heaviest dummy intended for such child restraint and without the 100mm
diameter bar; the requirements for this test are that all criteria other than forward
displacement shall be met.
7.2. Provisions Applicable to Individual Components of the Restraint
22.214.171.124. The buckle shall be so designed as to preclude any possibility of incorrect
manipulation. This means, inter/alia, that it shall not be possible for the buckle to be left
in a partially closed position; it shall not be possible to exchange the buckle parts
inadvertently when the buckle is being locked; the buckle shall only lock when all parts
are engaged. Wherever the buckle and/or the tongue are in contact with the child, it
shall not be narrower than the minimum width of strap as specified in
Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1 below. This Paragraph is not applicable to belt assemblies already
approved according to UN Regulation No. 16 or any equivalent standard in force. In the
case of a "Special Needs Restraint" only the buckle on the primary means of restraint
need comply with the requirements of this Paragraph 188.8.131.52. to Paragraph 184.108.40.206.
220.127.116.11. The buckle, even when not under tension, shall remain closed whatever its position. It
shall be easy to operate and to grasp. It shall be possible to open it by pressure on a
button or on a similar device. The surface to which this pressure must be applied must
have in the position of actual unlocking and when projected into a plane perpendicular
to the button's initial direction of motion: for enclosed devices, an area of not less than
4.5cm with a width of not less than 15mm; for non-enclosed devices, an area of
2.5cm and a width of not less than 10mm. The width shall be the smaller of the two
dimensions forming the prescribed area and shall be measured rectangular to the
direction of movement of the release button.
18.104.22.168. The buckle release area shall be coloured red. No other part of the buckle shall be of
22.214.171.124. It shall be possible to release the child from the restraint by a single operation on a
single buckle. For Groups 0 and 0+ it is allowed to remove the child together with
devices such as infant carrier/carry-cot/carry-cot restraints if the child restraint system
can be released by operation of a maximum of two buckles.
126.96.36.199.1. A clip connection between the shoulder straps of a harness belt is deemed not to
comply with the single operation requirement given in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. above.
184.108.40.206. For Groups II and III the buckle shall be so placed that the child occupant can reach it.
In addition it shall for all groups be so placed that its purpose and mode of operation
are immediately obvious to a rescuer in an emergency.
220.127.116.11. Opening of the buckle shall enable the child to be removed independently of the
"chair", "chair support" or "impact shield", if fitted, and if the device includes a crotch
strap the crotch strap shall be released by operation of the same buckle.
18.104.22.168. The buckle shall be capable of withstanding the temperature test operation
requirements given in Paragraph 22.214.171.124. and repeated operation, and shall, before the
dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.3. undergo a test comprising 5,000 ± 5
opening and closing cycles under normal conditions for use.
126.96.36.199. An adjuster mounted directly on the child restraint shall be capable of withstanding
repeated operation and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.3.
undergo a test comprising 5,000 ± 5 cycles as specified in Paragraph 8.2.7.
188.8.131.52. Automatically-locking Retractors
184.108.40.206.1. The strap of a safety-belt equipped with an automatically-locking retractor shall not
unwind by more than 30mm between locking positions of the retractor. After a rearward
movement of the wearer the belt shall either remain in its initial position or return to that
position automatically on subsequent forward movement of the wearer.
220.127.116.11.2. If the retractor is part of a lap belt, the retracting force of the strap shall be not less than
7N as measured in the free length between the manikin and the retractor as prescribed
in Paragraph 18.104.22.168. below. If the retractor is part of a chest restraint, the retracting
force of the strap shall be not less than 2N or more than 7N as similarly measured. If
the strap passes through a guide or pulley, the retracting force shall be measured in the
free length between the manikin and the guide or pulley. If the assembly incorporates a
device, manually or automatically operated, that prevents the strap from being
completely retracted, that device shall not be in operation when these measurements
22.214.171.124.3. The strap shall be repeatedly withdrawn from the retractor and allowed to retract, in the
conditions prescribed in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. below, until 5,000 cycles have been
completed. The retractor shall then be subjected to the temperature test operation
requirements given in Paragraph 188.8.131.52. and corrosion test described in
Paragraph 8.1.1 and the dust-resistance test described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206. It shall
then satisfactorily complete a further 5,000 cycles of withdrawal and retraction. After
the above tests the retractor shall continue to operate correctly and to meet the
requirements of Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.1. and 18.104.22.168.2. above.
22.214.171.124. Emergency-locking Retractors
126.96.36.199.1. An emergency-locking retractor shall when tested as prescribed in Paragraph 188.8.131.52.
satisfy the conditions below:
184.108.40.206.1.1. It shall be locked when the deceleration of the vehicle reaches 0.45g.
220.127.116.11.1.2. It shall not lock for strap accelerations of less than 0.8g as measured in the axis of
18.104.22.168.1.3. It shall not lock when its sensing device is tilted by not more than 12° in any direction
from the installation position specified by its manufacturer.
22.214.171.124.1.4. It shall lock when its sensing device is tilted by more than 27° in any direction from the
installation position specified by its manufacturer.
126.96.36.199.2. Where the operation of a retractor depends on an external signal or power source, the
design shall ensure that the retractor locks automatically upon failure or interruption of
that signal or power source.
188.8.131.52. Strength after Special Conditioning
184.108.40.206.1. On two straps conditioned as prescribed in one of the provisions of Paragraph 220.127.116.11.
(except Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.), the breaking load of the strap shall be not less than 75%
of the average of the loads determined in the test referred to in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.
126.96.36.199.2. In addition, the breaking load shall be not less than 3.6kN for the restraints of the
Groups 0, 0+ and I, 5kN for those of Group II, and 7.2kN for those of Group III.
188.8.131.52.3. The Type Approval Authority may dispense with one or more of these tests if the
composition of the material used, or information already available, renders the test or
184.108.40.206.4. The abrasion conditioning procedure of Type 1 defined in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.6. shall
only be performed when the microslip test defined in Paragraph 8.2.3. below gives a
result above 50% of the limit prescribed in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1. above.
22.214.171.124. It shall not be possible to pull the complete strap through any adjusters, buckles or
7.2.5. Lock-off Device
126.96.36.199. The lock-off device shall be permanently attached to the child restraint.
188.8.131.52. The lock-off device shall not impair the durability of the adult belt and undergo
temperature test operation requirements given in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.
220.127.116.11. The lock-off device shall not prevent the rapid release of the child.
18.104.22.168. Class A Devices.
The amount of slip of the webbing shall not exceed 25mm after the test prescribed in
Paragraph 22.214.171.124. below.
126.96.36.199. Class B Devices.
The amount of slip of the webbing shall not exceed 25mm after the test prescribed in
Paragraph 188.8.131.52. below.
7.2.6. ISOFIX Attachment Specifications
"ISOFIX attachments" and latching indicators shall be capable of withstanding repeated
operations and shall, before the dynamic test prescribed in Paragraph 8.1.3., undergo a
test comprising 2,000 ± 5 opening and closing cycles under normal conditions of use.
7.2.7. ISOFIX attachments shall have a locking mechanism which complies with the
requirements specified in (a) or (b) as follows:
Release of the locking mechanism of the complete seat, shall require
two consecutive actions, the first of which should be maintained while the second
is carried out; or
The ISOFIX attachment opening force shall be at least 50N when tested as
prescribed in Paragraph 8.2.9. below.
184.108.40.206. This test cycle shall be carried out again rotating in the reverse direction. With the
rotational axis in the horizontal plane and at 90° to that of the two earlier tests, the
procedure shall be repeated in the two directions of rotation.
220.127.116.11. These tests shall be carried out using both the smallest and the largest appropriate
manikin of the group or groups for which the restraining device is intended.
8.1.3. Dynamic Tests
Any adjustment of the dummy or child restraint systems during the complete test cycle
is not allowed.
18.104.22.168. Tests on the Trolley and Test Seat
22.214.171.124.1.1. The trolley and test seat used in the dynamic test shall meet the requirements of
Annex 6 to this Regulation, and the dynamic crash test installation procedure is to be in
accordance with Annex 21.
126.96.36.199.1.2. The trolley shall remain horizontal throughout deceleration or acceleration.
188.8.131.52.1.3. Deceleration or Acceleration Devices
The applicant shall choose to use one of the two following devices:
184.108.40.206.1.3.1. Deceleration Test Device:
The deceleration of the trolley shall be achieved by using the apparatus prescribed in
Annex 6 to this Regulation or any other device giving equivalent results. This apparatus
shall be capable of the performance specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11. and hereafter
For frontal impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, at the beginning of the test, its
velocity is 50 +0 -2km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 1.
For rear impact, the trolley shall be so propelled that, at the beginning of the test, its
velocity is 30 +2 -0km/h and its acceleration curve is within the hatched area of the
graph in Annex 7, Appendix 2.
Tests performed at a higher speed and/or with an acceleration that exceeds the upper
boundary of the hatched area shall be considered satisfactory if the child restraint
system meets the performance requirements for the test.
Tests performed at a lower acceleration shall be considered satisfactory only if the
acceleration curve crosses the lower boundary of the hatched area for a cumulative
period of up to 3ms
In fulfilling the above requirements, the Technical Service shall use a mass of trolley
(equipped with its seat), as specified in Paragraph 1. of Annex 6, greater than 380kg.
18.104.22.168.2.2. When testing a rearward-facing child restraint intended for use in the front seating
position, the vehicle facia shall be represented by a rigid bar attached to the trolley in
such a way that all the energy absorption takes place in the child restraint.
22.214.171.124.2.3. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1.3.1.
The acceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.3.2.
184.108.40.206.2.4. The measurements to be made shall be similar to those listed in
Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.1.4. to 18.104.22.168.1.4.6. above.
22.214.171.124.2.5. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 126.96.36.199.1.3.1.
The acceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.3.2.
184.108.40.206. Test on Trolley and Vehicle Body Shell
220.127.116.11.1.1. The method used to secure the vehicle during the test shall not be such as to
strengthen the anchorages of the vehicle seats, adult safety belts and any additional
anchorages required to secure the child restraint or to lessen the normal deformation of
the structure. No part of the vehicle shall be present which, by limiting the movement of
the manikin, would reduce the load imposed on the child restraint during the test. The
parts of the structure eliminated may be replaced by parts of equivalent strength,
provided they do not hinder the movement of the manikin.
18.104.22.168.1.2. A securing device shall be regarded as satisfactory if it produces no effect on an area
extending over the whole width of the structure and if the vehicle or structure is blocked
or fixed in front at a distance of not less than 500mm from the anchorage of the
restraint system. At the rear the structure shall be secured at a sufficient distance
behind the anchorages to ensure that all requirements of Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1.1. above
126.96.36.199.1.3. The vehicle seat and child restraint shall be fitted and shall be placed in a position
chosen by the Technical Service conducting approval tests to give the most adverse
conditions in respect of strength, compatible with installing the manikin in the vehicle.
The position of the vehicle seat-back and child restraint shall be stated in the report.
The vehicle seat-back, if adjustable for inclination, shall be locked as specified by the
manufacturer or, in the absence of any specification, at an actual seat-back angle as
near as possible to 25°.
188.8.131.52.1.4. Unless the instructions for fitting and use require otherwise, the front seat shall be
placed in the most forward normally used position for child restraints intended for use in
the front seating position, and in the rearmost normally used position for child restraints
intended for use in the rear seating position.
184.108.40.206.1.5. The deceleration conditions shall satisfy the requirements of Paragraph 220.127.116.11. below.
The test seat will be the seat of the actual vehicle.
18.104.22.168.6. After impact, the child restraint shall be inspected visually, without opening the buckle,
to determine whether there has been any failure or breakage.
22.214.171.124. The conditions for dynamic test are summarized in the Table below:
front and rear
front and rear
50 + 0 - 2 1 650 ± 50 � � �
50 + 0 - 2 1 650 ± 50 30 + 2 - 0 2 275 ± 25
Forward facing 50 + 0 -2 1 or 3 650±50 � � �
50 + 2 -2 1 or 3 650±50 30 + 2 - 0 2 or 4 275 ± 25
Forward facing 50 + 0 -2 3 not specified � � �
Rearward facing 50 + 0 -2 3 not specified 30 + 2 - 0 4 not specified
All restraint systems for Groups 0 and 0+ shall be tested according to "Rearward-facing"
conditions in frontal and rearwards impact.
Test Pulse No. 1 � As prescribed in Annex 7 � frontal impact.
Test Pulse No. 2 � As prescribed in Annex 7 � rear impact.
Test Pulse No. 3 � Deceleration pulse of vehicle subjected to frontal impact.
Test Pulse No. 4 � Deceleration pulse of vehicle subjected to rear impact.
For all other restraints:
Place a hinged board or a similar flexible device 2.5cm thick and 6cm wide and
of length equal to the shoulder height (sitting, Annex 8) less the hip centre height
(sitting, in Annex 8 popliteus height plus half of thigh height, sitting) relevant to
the manikin size being tested between the manikin and the seat back of the
chair. The board should follow as closely as possible the curvature of the chair
and its lower end should be at the height of the manikin's hip joint.
Adjust the belt in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, but to a
tension of 250 ± 25N above the adjuster force, with a deflection angle of the
strap at the adjuster of 45 ± 5°, or alternatively, the angle prescribed by the
Complete the installation of the child chair to the test seat in accordance with
Annex 21 to this Regulation.
Remove the flexible device.
126.96.36.199.3.3. The longitudinal plane passing through the centre line of the dummy shall be set
midway between the two lower belt anchorages, however note shall also be taken of
Paragraph 188.8.131.52.1.3. In case of child restraints to be tested with the manikin
representing a 10-year-old child, the longitudinal plane passing through the centre line
of the manikin shall be positioned up to 80mm towards the side of anchorage Point C
with regard to the point midway between the two lower belt anchorages. The amount of
this displacement shall be decided by the Technical Service in order to optimize the
shoulder belt routing at the manikin.
184.108.40.206.3.4. In the case of devices requiring the use of a standard belt, the routing of the shoulder
strap may be maintained on the manikin prior to the dynamic test by the use of a
light-weight masking tape of a maximum length of 250mm and a maximum width of
20mm. In the case of rearward facing devices the head may be held against the
backrest of the restraint system using a light-weight masking tape of sufficient length
and a maximum width of 20mm.
220.127.116.11. Category of manikin to be used
18.104.22.168.1. Group 0 device: Test using the "new-born" manikin and a manikin of 9kg;
22.214.171.124.2. Group 0+ device: test using the new-born manikin and a manikin of 11kg.
126.96.36.199.3. Group I device: Tests using a manikin of mass 9kg and 15kg respectively;
188.8.131.52.4. Group II device: Tests using a manikin of mass 15kg and 22kg respectively;
184.108.40.206.5. Group III device: Tests using a manikin of mass 22kg and 32kg respectively.
220.127.116.11.3. A load shall be applied at a speed of 400 ± 20mm/min to the geometric centre of the
buckle-release button along a fixed axis running parallel to the initial direction of motion
of the button; the geometric centre applies to that part of the surface of the buckle to
which the release pressure is to be applied. The buckle shall be secured against a rigid
support during the application of the opening force.
18.104.22.168.4. The buckle opening force shall be applied, using a dynamometer or similar device in
the manner and direction of normal use. The contact end shall be a polished metal
hemisphere with radius 2.5 ± 0.1mm.
22.214.171.124.5. The buckle opening force shall be measured and any failure noted.
126.96.36.199. Opening Test under Zero Load
188.8.131.52.1. A buckle assembly which has not previously been subjected to a load shall be mounted
and positioned under a "no load" condition.
184.108.40.206.2. The method of measuring the buckle opening force shall be as prescribed in
Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.3. and 18.104.22.168.4.
22.214.171.124.3. The buckle opening force shall be measured.
126.96.36.199. Strength Test
188.8.131.52.1 For the strength test two samples have to be used. All adjusters, except for adjusters
mounted directly on a child restraint are included in the test.
184.108.40.206.2. Annex 20 shows a typical device for a buckle strength test. The buckle is placed on the
upper round Plate (A) within the relief. All adjacent straps have a length of at least
250mm and are arranged hanging down from the upper plate respective to their
position at the buckle. The free strap ends are then wound round the lower round
Plate (B) until they come out at the plate's inner opening. All straps have to be vertical
between A and B. The round clamping Plate (C) is then lightly clamped against the
lower face of (B), still allowing a certain strap movement between them. With a small
force at the tensile machine the straps are tensioned and pulled between (B) and (C)
until all straps are loaded respective to their arrangement. The buckle shall stay free
from Plate (A) or any parts at (A) during this operation and the test itself. (B) and (C)
are then clamped firmly together and the tensile force is increased at a traverse speed
of 100 ± 20mm/min until the required values are reached.
8.2.2. Adjusting Device
220.127.116.11. Ease of Adjustment
18.104.22.168.1. When testing a manual adjusting device, the strap shall be drawn steadily through the
adjusting device, having regard for the normal conditions of use, at a rate of
100 ± 20mm/min and the maximum force measured to the nearest integer value of N
after the first 25 ± 5mm of strap movement.
22.214.171.124.2. The test shall be carried out in both directions of strap travel through the device, the
strap being subjected to the full travel cycle 10 times prior to the measurement.
126.96.36.199.3. When retractors are being tested for sensitivity to vehicle accelerations, they shall be
tested at the above extraction length in both directions along two mutually
perpendicular axes which are horizontal if the retractors are to be installed in a vehicle
as specified by the child restraint manufacturer. When this position is not specified, the
testing authority shall consult the child restraint manufacturer. One of these test
directions shall be chosen by the Technical Service conducting the approval tests to
give the most adverse conditions with respect to actuation of the locking mechanism.
188.8.131.52.4. The design of the apparatus used shall be such that the required acceleration is given
at an average rate of increase of acceleration of at least 25g/s.
184.108.40.206.5. For testing compliance with the requirements of Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.1.3. and
18.104.22.168.1.4. the retractor shall be mounted on a horizontal table and the table tilted at a
speed not exceeding 2° per second until locking has occurred. The test shall be
repeated with tilting in other directions to ensure that the requirements are fulfilled.
22.214.171.124. Corrosion Test
126.96.36.199.1. The corrosion test is described in Paragraph 8.1.1. above.
188.8.131.52. Dust Resistance Test
184.108.40.206.1. The retractor shall be positioned in a test chamber as described in Annex 3 to this
Regulation. It shall be mounted in an orientation similar to that in which it is mounted in
the vehicle. The test chamber shall contain dust as specified in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.2.
below. A length of 500mm of the strap shall be extracted from the retractor and kept
extracted, except that it shall be subjected to 10 complete cycles of retraction and
withdrawal within 1 or 2min after each agitation of the dust. For a period of 5h, the dust
shall be agitated every 20min for 5s by compressed air free of oil and moisture at a
gauge pressure of 5.5 ± 0.5bars entering through an orifice 1.5 ± 0.1mm in diameter.
18.104.22.168.2. The dust used in the test described in Paragraph 22.214.171.124.1. shall consist of about 1kg of
dry quartz. The particle size distribution shall be as follows:
(a) Passing 150μm aperture, 104μm wire diameter: 99 to 100%;
(b) Passing 105μm aperture, 64μm wire diameter: 76 to 86%;
(c) Passing 75μm aperture, 52μm wire diameter: 60 to 70%.
8.2.5. Static Test for Straps
126.96.36.199. Strap Strength Test
188.8.131.52.1. Each test shall be carried out on two new samples of strap, conditioned as specified in
184.108.40.206.5. Exposure to Water
220.127.116.11.5.1. The strap shall be kept fully immersed for 180 ± 10min in distilled water, at a
temperature of 20 ± 5°C, to which a trace of wetting agent has been added. Any
wetting agent suitable for the fibre being tested may be used.
18.104.22.168.5.2. The breaking load shall be determined within 10min after removal of the strap from the
22.214.171.124.6. Abrasion Conditioning
126.96.36.199.6.1. The components or devices to be submitted to the abrasion test shall be kept for a
minimum of 24h before testing in an atmosphere having a temperature of 23° ± 5°C
and a relative humidity of 50 ± 10%. The room temperature during the testing shall be
between 15° and 30°C.
188.8.131.52.6.2. The Table below sets out the general conditions for each test:
Load (N) Cycles per minute Cycles (No.)
Type 1 procedure 60 ± 0.5 30 ± 10 1,000 ± 5
Type 2 procedure 10 ± 0.1 30 ± 10 5,000 ± 5
184.108.40.206.6.3. Particular Test Conditions
220.127.116.11.6.3.1. Type 1 Procedure:
For cases where the strap slides through the quick adjusting device. Apply a load of
10N, if necessary the load may be increased by 10N steps so as to permit correct
sliding, but limited to a maximum of 60N. This load shall be vertically and permanently
applied on the straps. The part of the strap set horizontally shall pass through the quick
adjuster it is fitted to and shall be attached to a device, giving the webbing a back and
forth motion. The quick adjusting device shall be so placed that the horizontal strap of
the webbing remains under tension (see Annex 5, Figure 1). Activate the quick adjuster
while pulling the straps in the direction to slacken the harness and deactivate it while
pulling the straps in the direction to tighten the harness.
18.104.22.168.6.3.2. Type 2 Procedure:
For cases where the strap changes direction in passing through a rigid part. During this
test, the webbing shall pass through the rigid part it is intended for and the test set up
shall reproduce the angles as in the real installation (in three dimensions), see
Annex 5, Figure 2 for examples. The 10N load shall be permanently applied. For cases
where the strap changes direction more than once in passing through a rigid part, the
load of 10N may be increased by 10N steps so as to permit correct sliding and achieve
the prescribed 300mm of strap movement through that rigid part.
22.214.171.124. Class B Devices.
The child restraint shall be firmly secured and webbing, as specified in Annex 13 to this
Regulation, shall be passed through the lock-off and frame following the routing
described in the manufacturer's instructions. The belt shall pass through the testing
equipment as described in Figure 6 below and be attached to a mass of 5.25 ± 0.05kg.
There shall be 650 ± 40mm of free webbing between the mass and the point where the
webbing leaves the frame. The lock-off shall be fully applied and a mark made on the
belt where it enters the lock-off. The mass shall be raised and released so that it falls
freely over a distance of 25 ± 1mm. This shall be repeated 100 times ±2 at a frequency
of 60 ± 2 cycles per minute, to simulate the jerking action of a child restraint in a car. A
further mark shall be made on the belt where it enters the lock-off and the distance
between the two marks shall be measured.
The lock-off device shall cover the full width of the webbing in the installed condition
with 15kg dummy installed. This test is to be conducted using the same webbing
angles as those formed in normal use. The free end of the lap belt portion shall be
fixed. The test shall be conducted with the child restraint system firmly attached to the
test bench used in the overturning or dynamic test. The loading strap can be attached
to the simulated buckle.
Schematic Layout of Class B Lock-off Test
8.2.9. The complete seat, or the component fitted with ISOFIX attachments (e.g. ISOFIX
base) if it has a release button, is attached rigidly to a test rig in such a way that
ISOFIX connectors are vertically aligned as shown in Figure 7. A 6mm diameter bar,
350mm long, shall be attached to the ISOFIX connectors. A force of 50 ± 1N shall be
attached to the extremities of the bar.
126.96.36.199. An opening force shall be applied to the release button or handle along a fixed axis
running parallel to the initial direction of motion of the button/handle; the geometric
centre applies to that part of the surface of the ISOFIX attachment to which the release
pressure is to be applied.
188.8.131.52. The ISOFIX attachment opening force shall be applied, using a dynamometer or similar
device in, the normal manner and direction as indicated in the Manufacturers user
manual. The contact end shall be a polished metal hemisphere with radius 2.5 ± 0.1mm
for a release button or a polished metal hook with a radius of 25mm.
184.108.40.206. If the design of the child restraint prevents the application of the procedure described in
Paragraphs 220.127.116.11. and 18.104.22.168., an alternative method may be applied with the
agreement of the Technical Service carrying out the test.
22.214.171.124. The ISOFIX attachment opening force to be measured shall be that needed to
disengage the first connector.
126.96.36.199. The test shall be carried out on a new seat, and repeated on a seat that has been
subjected to the cycling procedure specified in Paragraph 7.2.6.
8.5. The measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in ISO 6487: 2002. The
channel frequency class shall be:
Type of measurement CFC(F ) Cut-off frequency (F )
see ISO 6487:2002 Annex A
see ISO 6487:2002 Annex A
see ISO 6487:2002 Annex A
The sampling rate should be a minimum of 10 times the channel frequency class (i.e. in
installations with channel frequency class of 1,000, this corresponds to a minimum
sampling rate of 10,000 samples per second per channel).
9. TEST REPORTS OF TYPE APPROVAL AND OF PRODUCTION QUALIFICATION
9.1. The test report shall record the results of all tests and measurements including the
following test data:
The type of device used for the test (acceleration or deceleration device),
The total velocity change,
The trolley speed immediately before impact only for deceleration sleds,
The acceleration or deceleration curve during all the velocity change of the
trolley and at least 300ms,
The time (in ms) when the head of the manikin reaches its maximum
displacement during the performance of the dynamic test,
The following dummy criteria: Resultant Chest acceleration, Vertical Chest
acceleration, and their cumulative time duration above prescribed limits
The place occupied by the buckle during the tests, if it can be varied, and
The name and address of the laboratory where tests have been performed
And any failure or breakage.
9.2. If provisions relating to anchorages contained in Annex 6, Appendix 3, to this
Regulation have not been respected, the test report shall describe how the child
restraint is installed and shall specify important angles and dimensions.
9.3. When the child restraint is tested in a vehicle or vehicle structure, the test report shall
specify the manner of attaching the vehicle structure to the trolley, the position of the
child restraint and vehicle seat and the inclination of the vehicle seat-back.
9.4. The test reports of type approval and of production qualification shall record the
verification of markings and of instructions on installation and use.
11.2.1. Dynamic Tests
188.8.131.52. Five child restraint systems shall be subjected to the dynamic test described in
Paragraph 8.1.3. The Technical Service that conducted the type approval tests shall
choose the conditions that produced the maximum horizontal head excursion during
the type approval dynamic tests, excluding the conditions described in
Paragraphs 184.108.40.206.1.2.3. above, that refers to the test without 100mm bar
configuration only, and Paragraph 220.127.116.11.10.1.2. above. All the five child restraint
systems shall be tested under the same conditions.
If, during at least one of the five tests performed, the CRS touches the bar, a further
test shall be performed in the condition described in Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.2.3 above
which refers to the test without 100mm bar. This further test shall not be used for the
calculation described in Paragraph 22.214.171.124., Subparagraph (a) below.
126.96.36.199. For each test described in 188.8.131.52. the horizontal head excursion and chest
accelerations shall be measured.
The maximum horizontal head excursion results shall comply with the following
No value shall exceed 1.05L, and
X + S shall not exceed L,
L = the limit value prescribed
X = the mean of the values
S = the standard deviation of the values
The chest acceleration results shall comply with the requirements of
Paragraph 184.108.40.206.1. and, in addition, the X + S condition in 220.127.116.11 (a) shall be
applied to the 3ms clipped resultant chest acceleration results (as defined in
Paragraph 18.104.22.168.1.) and recorded for information only.
11.2.2. Control of Markings
22.214.171.124. The Technical Service that conducted the approval tests shall verify that the markings
conform to the requirements of Paragraph 4.
11.2.3. Control of Instructions on Installation and the Instructions for Use
126.96.36.199. The Technical Service that conducted the approval tests shall verify that the
instructions on installation and the instructions for use conform to Paragraph 15.
15.1. Each child restraint shall be accompanied by instructions in the language of the country
where the device is sold with the following content:
15.2. Instructions on installation shall include the following points:
15.2.1. For "universal" category child restraints the following label shall be clearly visible at the
point of sale without removing the packing:
This is a "Universal" child restraint. It is approved to Regulation No. 44, 04 series of
amendments, for general use in vehicles and it will fit most, but not all, car seats.
A correct fit is likely if the vehicle manufacturer has declared in the vehicle handbook
that the vehicle is capable of accepting a "Universal" child restraint for this age group.
This child restraint has been classified as "Universal" under more stringent conditions
than those which applied to earlier designs which do not carry this notice.
If in doubt, consult either the child restraint manufacturer or the retailer.
15.2.2. For "restricted" and "semi-universal" category child restraints the following information,
in at least a physical version, shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without
removing the packing:
This Child Restraint is classified for "(Restricted/Semi-universal)" use and is suitable
for fixing into the seat positions of the following cars:
Seat positions in other cars may also be suitable to accept this child restraint. If in
doubt, consult either the child restraint manufacturer or the retailer.
15.2.3. For "Specific vehicle" category child restraints information on the applicable vehicle
shall be clearly visible at the point of sale without removing the packing.
15.2.4. If the device requires an adult safety-belt, the following wording should also be clearly
visible at the point of sale without removing the packing:
"Only suitable if the approved vehicles are fitted with lap/three point/static/with retractor
safety-belts, approved to UN/ECE Regulation No. 16 or other equivalent standards."
(Strike out what does not apply.)
In the case of carry-cot restraints a list of carry-cots for which the device is suited
should be included.
15.2.5. The child restraint manufacturer shall provide information on the packing box as to the
address in a physical or a digital version to which the customer can write to obtain
further information on fitting the child restraint in specific cars.
15.3.5. It shall be recommended that any straps holding the restraint to the vehicle should be
tight, that any straps restraining the child should be adjusted to the child's body, and
that straps should not be twisted;
15.3.6. The importance of ensuring that any lap strap is worn low down, so that the pelvis is
firmly engaged, shall be stressed;
15.3.7. It shall be recommended that the device should be changed when it has been subject
to violent stresses in an accident;
15.3.8. Instructions for cleaning shall be given;
15.3.9. A general warning shall be given to the user concerning the danger of making any
alterations or additions to the device without the approval of the Type Approval
Authority, and a danger of not following closely the installation instructions provided by
the child restraint manufacturer;
15.3.10. When the chair is not provided with a textile cover, it shall be recommended that the
chair should be kept away from sunlight, otherwise it may be too hot for the child's skin;
15.3.11. It shall be recommended that children are not left in their child restraint system
15.3.12. It shall be recommended that any luggage or other objects liable to cause injuries in the
event of a collision shall be properly secured.
15.3.13. It shall be recommended that:
The child restraint shall not be used without the cover.
The seat cover should not be replaced with any other than the one
recommended by the manufacturer, because the cover constitutes an integral
part of the restraint performance.
15.3.14. There shall be a text or a diagram indicating how a user can identify an unsatisfactory
position of the adult safety-belt buckle relative to the main load bearing contact points
on the restraint. The user shall be advised to contact the child restraint manufacturer if
in doubt about this point.
15.3.15. If the child restraint offers an alternative load bearing contact point, its use shall be
described clearly. The user shall be informed about how to judge if use of this
alternative route is satisfactory. The user shall be advised to contact the child restraint
manufacturer if in doubt about this point. The user shall be clearly advised to begin the
child restraint installation, in vehicle seating positions categorized as “Universal" in the
vehicle owner’s manual, by using the primary belt route.
15.3.16. There shall be provisions made so that the instructions can be retained on the child
restraint for its life period or in the vehicle handbook in the case of built-in restraints.
15.3.17. There shall be explicit warning not to use any load bearing contact points other than
those described in the instructions and marked in the child restraint.
15.3.18. For an ISOFIX child restraint system, the instruction for use shall be given to read the
car manufacturer's handbook.
17.11. During the 12-month period which follows the date of entry into force of the 04 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation can continue to grant type
approvals to those child restraint systems which comply with the requirements of this
Regulation as amended by the 03 series of amendments.
17.12. During the 36-month period which follows the date of entry into force of the 04 series of
amendments, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall not refuse to grant
extensions of approval to the preceding series of amendments to this Regulation.
17.13. Starting 48-months after the entry into force of the 04 series of amendments, Contracting
Parties applying this Regulation may refuse the sale of child restraint systems which do not
meet the requirements of the 04 series of amendments to this Regulation.
17.14. As from six months from the date of entry into force of Supplement 04 to the 04 series of
Amendments approvals granted in accordance with the 03 or 04 series of amendments for
child restraint systems belonging to Groups 0, 0+ and I which do not comply with
Paragraph 6.1.11. or 6.1.12. shall cease to be valid.
17.15. From the date of entry into force of Supplement 4 to the 04 series of Amendments of this
Regulation, by way of derogation to the obligations of Contracting Parties during the
transitional period set out in Paragraph 17.14. and based on the declaration made by the
European Community at the time of its accession to the 1958 Agreement (Depositary
Notification C.N.60.1998.TREATIES-28), member states of the European Community may
prohibit the placing on the market of child restraint systems which do not meet the
requirements of Supplement 4 to the 04 series of Amendments of this Regulation.
17.16. As from September 1, 2017, no new approvals shall be granted under this Regulation to
integral class child restraint systems of Groups 0, 0+ and 1 that are equipped with 'ISOFIX
attachments' (as specified in Paragraph 6.3.2. of this Regulation). CRS that form part of a
multi-group child restraint systems that are also approved for Group 2 and above are
exempted until September 1, 2020.
17.17. As from September 1, 2020, no extensions shall be granted under this Regulation to integral
class child restraint systems of Groups 0, 0+ and I that are equipped with 'ISOFIX
attachments' (as specified in Paragraph 6.3.2. of this Regulation). CRS that form part of a
multi-group child restraint systems that are also approved for Group 2 and above are
exempted until September 1, 2022.
17.18. As from September 1, 2019, no new approvals shall be granted under this Regulation to
non-integral class forward facing child restraint systems of Group 2 or Group 2/3. CRS that
form part of a multi-group child restraint systems that are also approved for Group 1 and
above are exempted until September 1, 2020.
17.19. As from September 1, 2023, no extensions shall be granted under this Regulation to
non-integral class forward facing child restraint systems of Group 2 or Group 2/3. CRS that
form part of a multi-group child restraint systems that are also approved for Group 1 and
above are exempted until September 1, 2022.
17.20. As from September 1, 2020, no new approvals shall be granted under this Regulation to
child restraint systems other than Group 3.
17.21. As from September 1, 2023, no extensions shall be granted under this Regulation to child
restraint systems other than Group 3.
(Maximum format: A4 (210 � 297mm))
Name of administration:
PRODUCTION DEFINITELY DISCONTINUED
Of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles, pursuant to Regulation No. 44.
Approval No ......................................... Extension No. ................................
1.1. Forward-facing child restraint/rearward-facing child restraint/carry-cot;
1.2. Integral/non-integral/partial/booster cushion;
(adult) three-point belt
(adult) lap belt/
special type belt/retractor;
1.4. Other features: chair assembly/impact shield ................................................................................
2. Trade name or mark .......................................................................................................................
3. Manufacturer's designation of the child restraint ...........................................................................
4. Manufacturer's name ......................................................................................................................
5. If applicable, name of his representative .......................................................................................
6. Address ..........................................................................................................................................
7. Submitted for approval on ..............................................................................................................
ARRANGEMENTS OF THE APPROVAL MARKS
The child restraint system bearing the above approval mark is a device capable of being fitted in any
vehicle and of being used for the 9kg-36kg mass range (Groups I to III); it is approved in the Netherlands
(E4) under the Number 042439. The approval number indicates that the approval was granted in
accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of restraining devices for
child occupants of power-driven vehicles ("child restraint system") as amended by the 04 series of
The child restraint system bearing the above approval mark is a device not capable of being fitted in
every vehicle and of being used for the 9kg-25kg mass range (Groups I and II); it is approved in the
Netherlands (E4) under the Number 042450. The approval number indicates that the approval was
granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation concerning the approval of restraining
devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles ("child restraint system") as amended by the
04 series of amendments.
The approval number and additional symbol(s) shall be placed close to the circle and either
above or below the "E" or to left or right of it. The digits of the approval number shall be on the
same side of the "E" and oriented in the same direction. The additional symbol(s) shall be
diametrically opposite the approval number. The use of Roman numerals as approval numbers
should be avoided so as to prevent any confusion with other symbols.
1. TEST APPARATUS
1.1. The apparatus shall consist of a mist chamber, a salt solution reservoir, a supply of suitably
conditioned compressed air, one or more atomizing nozzles, sample supports, provision for
heating the chamber, and necessary means of control. The size and detailed construction of
the apparatus shall be optional, provided that the test conditions are met.
1.2. It is important to ensure that drops of solution accumulated on the ceiling or cover of the
chamber do not fall on test samples.
1.3. Drops of solution which fall from test samples shall not be returned to the reservoir for
1.4. The apparatus shall not be constructed of materials that will affect the corrosiveness of the
2. LOCATION OF TEST SAMPLES IN THE MIST CABINET
2.1. Samples, except retractors, shall be supported or suspended between 15° and 30° from the
vertical and preferably parallel to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the
chamber, based upon the dominant surface being tested.
2.2. Retractors shall be supported or suspended so that the axes of the reel for storing the strap
shall be perpendicular to the principal direction of horizontal flow of mist through the chamber.
The strap opening in the retractor shall also be facing in this principal direction.
2.3. Each sample shall be so placed as to permit free settling of mist on all samples.
2.4. Each sample shall be so placed as to prevent salt solution from one sample dripping on to any
3. SALT SOLUTION
3.1. The salt solution shall be prepared by dissolving 5 ± 1 parts by mass of sodium chloride in
95 parts of distilled water. The salt shall be sodium chloride substantially free of nickel and
copper and containing not more than 0.1% of sodium iodide and not more than 0.3% of total
impurities in the dry state.
3.2. The solution shall be such that, when atomized at 35°C, the collected solution is in the
pH range of 6.5 to 7.2.
4. COMPRESSED AIR
4.1. The compressed air supply to the nozzle or nozzles for atomizing the salt solution shall be free
of oil and dirt, and maintained at a pressure between 70kN/m and 170kN/m .
ABRASION AND MICROSLIP TESTT
Remark. F = 10 ± 0.1N, can be increased up to F = 60 ± 0.5N
Procedure Type 1
The load of 50N on the testing device shall be vertically guided in such a way as to prevent load-swing
and twisting of the strap. The attaching device shall be fixed to the load of 50N in the same manner as in
3.1.6. The polyurethane foam shall be covered with a sun shade cloth, made of poly-acrylate fibre,
the characteristics of which are given in Table 2.
Specific mass (g/m )
Breaking strength according to DIN 53587 on test specimen 50mm wide:
3.1.7. Covering the Seat and the Seat Back
188.8.131.52. The seat foam cushion is produced out of a square foam block (800 � 575 � 135mm) in
such a way (see Figure 1 of Appendix 1 to this Annex) that its shape resembles the shape
of the aluminium bottom-plate specified in Figure 2 of Appendix 1 to this Annex.
184.108.40.206. Six holes are drilled in the bottom-plate in order to fasten it to the trolley with bolts. The
holes are drilled alongside the longest side of the plate, three on each side, their position
being dependent on the construction of the trolley. Six bolts are put through the holes. It is
recommended to glue the bolts on the plate with an appropriate adhesive. Afterwards, the
bolts are fastened with nuts.
220.127.116.11. The cover material (1,250 � 1,200mm, see Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this Annex) is cut
across the width in such a way that it is not possible for the material to overlap after
covering. There should be a gap of about 100mm between the edges of the cover material.
Therefore the material has to be cut at about 1,200mm.
18.104.22.168. The cover material is marked with two lines which run across the width. They are drawn
375mm from the centreline of the cover material. (See Figure 3 of Appendix 1 to this
22.214.171.124. The seat foam cushion is placed upside down on the cover material with the aluminium
bottom-plate on top.
126.96.36.199. On both sides the cover material is stretched until the lines drawn on it match the edges of
the aluminium bottom-plate. At each bolt position, small incisions are made and the cover
material is pulled over the bolts.
188.8.131.52. At the position of the grooves in the bottom-plate and in the foam, the cover material should
184.108.40.206. The cover is glued to the aluminium plate with a flexible glue. The nuts have to be removed
220.127.116.11. The flaps on the side are folded onto the plate and are glued as well.
18.104.22.168. The flaps in the grooves are folded inside and taped with a strong tape.
22.214.171.124. The flexible glue has to dry for at least 12h.
3.3. Trolley Floor Pan
3.3.1. The floor pan of the trolley shall be constructed of a flat sheet of metal of uniform thickness
and material, see Figure 2 of Appendix 3 to this Annex.
126.96.36.199. The floor pan shall be rigidly mounted on the trolley. The height of the floor pan relative to
the Cr axis projection point, Dimension X in Figure 2, shall be adjusted to meet the
requirements of Paragraph 188.8.131.52.9.
184.108.40.206. The floor pan shall be designed so that the surface hardness should not be below 120HB,
according to EN ISO 6506-1:1999.
220.127.116.11. The floor pan shall withstand an applied vertical concentrated load of 5kN without causing a
vertical movement greater than 2mm referring to Cr axis and without any permanent
18.104.22.168. The floor pan shall have a surface roughness not exceeding Ra 6.3 according to
22.214.171.124. The floor pan shall be designed so that no permanent deformation is occurring after a
dynamic test of a child restraint system, according to this Regulation.
4. STOPPING DEVICE
4.1. The device consists of two identical absorbers mounted in parallel.
4.2. If necessary, an additional absorber shall be used for each 200kg increase in nominal mass.
Each absorber shall comprise:
4.2.1. An outer casing formed from a steel tube;
4.2.2. A polyurethane energy-absorber tube;
4.2.3. A polished-steel olive-shaped knob penetrating into the absorber; and
4.2.4. A shaft and an impact plate.
4.3. The dimensions of the various parts of this absorber are shown in the diagram reproduced
in Appendix 2 to this Annex.
4.4. The characteristics of the absorbing material are given in Table 3 and Table 4 of this Annex.
4.5. The stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12h at a temperature
between 15° and 25°C before being used for the calibration tests described in Annex 7 to
this Regulation. The stopping device shall, for each type of test, meet the performance
requirements laid down in Annex 7, Appendices 1 and 2. For dynamic tests of a child
restraint, the stopping device assembly shall be maintained for at least 12h at the same
temperature, to within ±2°C, as that of the calibration test. Any other device giving
equivalent results can be accepted.
Characteristics of the Absorbing Material "B"
(ASTM Method 2 000 (1980) unless otherwise stated)
Shore hardness A:
88 ± 2 at 20 ± 5°C temperature
Module at 100% elongation:
at 300% elongation:
Low temperature brittleness (ASTM Method D 736):
5h at -55°C.
Compression set (Method B):
22h at 70°C ≤ 45%
Density at 25°C:
1.08 to 1.12
Ageing in air (ASTM Method D 573 (1981)):
70h at 100°C: Shore hardness: max. variation ±3
breaking strength: decrease <10% of R
elongation: decrease <10% of A
weight: decrease <1%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) oil No. 1):
70h at 100°C: Shore hardness: max. variation ±4
breaking strength: decrease <15% of R
elongation: decrease <10% of A
volume: swelling <5%
Immersion in oil (ASTM Method D 471 (1979) oil No. 3):
70h at 100°C:
Immersion in distilled water:
One week at 70°C:
breaking strength: decrease <15% of R
elongation: decrease <15% of A
volume: swelling <20%
breaking strength: decrease <35% of R
elongation: increase <20% of A
Dimensions of the Aluminium Bottom-plate
3-Dimensional View of Seat
Stopping Device Olive-shaped Knob
Stopping Device Olive-shaped Knob
ANNEX 6 – APPENDIX 3
ARRANGEMENT AND USE OF ANCHORAGES ON THE TEST TROLLEY
1. The anchorages shall be positioned as shown in the Figure below.
When attaching the standard anchorage plate to the anchorage Points A and B or B0 the plates
shall be mounted with the bolt in the transverse horizontal direction with the angled surface
facing inboard and shall be free to rotate about the axis.
2. Child restraints in the "universal" and "restricted" categories shall use the following anchorage
2.1. For child restraint using lap belts, Points A and B;
2.2. For child restraint using lap and diagonal belts, Points A, BO and C.
2.3. For child restraints using ISOFIX attachment, rearmost Point H and H .
3. Anchorages A, B and/or (rearmost) H H and D shall be used for child restraints in the
"semi-universal" category having only one additional upper anchorage.
4. Anchorages A, B and/or (rearmost) H H , E and F shall be used for child restraints in the
"semi-universal" category having only one additional upper anchorages.
5. Anchorage Points R , R , R , R and R are the additional anchorage points for rearward-facing
child restraint systems in the "semi-universal" category having one or more additional
anchorages (see Paragraph 126.96.36.199.3 of this Regulation.).
6. Except in the case of Point C, (which represents the pillar loop position) the points, which
correspond to the arrangement of the anchorages show where the ends of the belt are to be
connected to the trolley or to the load transducer, as the case may be. The structure carrying
the anchorages shall be rigid. The upper anchorages shall not be displaced by more than
0.2mm in the longitudinal direction when a load of 980N is applied to them in that direction. The
trolley shall be so constructed that no permanent deformation shall occur in the parts bearing
the anchorages during the test.
7. For carry-cots in Group 0, the Points A and/or B can be used alternatively, as specified by the
manufacturer of the restraint systems. A and B are located on a transverse line through R at
a distance of 350mm from R .
8. For testing of child restraints in the "universal" and "restricted" categories, a standard retractor
belt, as specified in Annex 13, shall be fitted to the test seat. The webbing used between the
retractor and the anchorage Plate A of the standard safety belt shall be renewed for each
9. For testing of child restraints with top tether, the anchorage G or G shall be used.
10. In the case of child restraints utilising a support leg, the Technical Service shall select the
anchorages to be used according to Paragraphs 2., 3., 4. or 5. above and with the support leg
adjusted as specified in Paragraph 188.8.131.52.9.
Floorr Area is Hatched
CURVE OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION,
AS FUNCTION OF TIME
In all cases the calibration and measuring procedures shall correspond to those defined in the
International Standard ISO 6487:2002; the measuring equipment shall correspond to the specification of
a data channel with a channel frequency Class (CFC) 60.
ANNEX 7 – APPENDIX 2
CURVES OF TROLLEY'S DECELERATION OR ACCELERATION,
AS FUNCTION OF TIME
Definition of the Different Curves
ANNEX 8 – APPENDIX 1
DESCRIPTION OF THE 9 MONTHS AND 3, 6 AND 10-YEAR MANIKINS
The dimensions and masses of the manikins described below are based on the
anthropometry of 50 percentile children aged nine months and three, six and 10 years
1.2. The manikins consist of a metal and polyester skeleton with cast polyurethane body
1.3. For an exploded view of the manikin, see Figure 9.
2.1.1. The head is made of polyurethane and reinforced by metal strips. Inside the head it is
possible to install measuring equipment on a polyamide block at the centre of gravity.
2.2.1. Neck Vertebrae
184.108.40.206. The neck is made of five rings of polyurethane containing a core of polyamide elements.
The Atlas-axis block is made of polyamide.
2.2.2. Lumbar Vertebrae
220.127.116.11. The five lumbar vertebrae are made of polyamide.
2.3.1. The skeleton of the chest consists of a tubular steel frame on which the arm joints are
mounted. The spine consists of a steel cable with four threaded terminals.
2.3.2. The skeleton is coated with polyurethane. Measuring equipment can be housed in the chest
2.4.1. The arms and legs are also made of polyurethane, reinforced by metal elements in the form
of square tubes, strips and plates. The knees and elbows are provided with adjustable hinge
joints. The joints of the upper arm and upper leg consist of adjustable ball and socket joints.
3.2. Principal Dimensions
3.2.1. The principal dimensions, based on Figure 1 of this Annex, are given in Table 2.
Principal Dimensions of Manikin
4.3. Atlas-axis Joint
4.3.1. Place the torso on its back in a horizontal plane.
4.3.2. Mount the complete neck and head assembly.
4.3.3. Tighten the bolt and adjustment nut through the head and the Atlas-axis block with the head
in a horizontal position.
4.3.4. Loosen the adjustment nut until the head starts moving (see Figure 3).
4.6. Shoulder Joint
4.6.1. Place the torso upright.
4.6.2. Mount the upper arm without the lower arm.
4.6.3. Tighten the adjustment nuts of the shoulder with the upper arm in a horizontal position.
4.6.4. Loosen the adjustment nuts until the upper arm starts moving (see Figure 6).
4.6.5. The shoulder joints should be checked frequently in the initial stages because of
4.9. Calibration of the Abdominal Insert
18.104.22.168. The test shall be carried out by means of a suitable tension-producing machine.
4.9.2. Place the abdominal insert on a rigid block with the same length and width as the lumbar
spinal column. The thickness of this block shall be at least twice the thickness of the lumbar
spinal column (see Figure 9).
4.9.3. An initial load of 20N shall be applied.
4.9.4. A constant load of 50N shall be applied.
4.9.5. The deflection of the abdominal insert after 2min shall be:
9 months dummy: 11.5 ± 2.0mm
3 years dummy: 11.5 ± 2.0mm
6 years dummy: 13.0 ± 2.0mm
10 years dummy: 13.0 ± 2.0mm
5.1.1. The calibration and measuring procedures shall be based upon the International Standards
ISO 6487 (1980).
5.2. Installation of the Accelerometer in the Chest
The accelerometer shall be mounted in the protected cavity in the chest.
1. MANIKIN Q0
2. MANIKIN P0
ANNEX 8 – APPENDIX 2
DESCRIPTION OF THE "NEW-BORN" MANIKINS Q0 AND P0
The Manikin P0 originates back from 1987 (Supplement 1 to the 02 Series of Amendments) and
is described below.
It comprises a head, torso, arms and legs as a single unit. The torso, arms and legs are a single
moulding of Sorbothane covered with a PVC skin and containing a steel spring spine. The head
is a polyurethane foam moulding covered by a PVC skin and is permanently attached to the
torso. The manikin is provided with a close fitting stretch cotton/polyester suit.
The dimensions and mass distribution of the dummy are based on those of a 50 percentile
new-born baby and are given in Tables 1 and 2 and in Figure 1.
Principal Dimensions of the "New-Born" Manikin
Dimension mm Dimension mm
Rump – crown
Rump � sole (with straight leg)
C of G from top of head
Mass Distribution of the "New-Born" Manikin
Head and neck
CALIBRATION OF INFANT MANIKIN
1. SHOULDER STIFFNESS
1.1. Place manikin on its back on a horizontal surface and support torso on one side, to prevent
movement. (Figure 2)
1.2. Apply a load of 150N, on a 40mm diameter flat faced plunger, horizontally, in a direction
perpendicular to the manikin's superior-inferior axis. The axis of the plunger should be in the
centre of the manikin's shoulder and adjacent to Point A on the shoulder (see Figure 2). The
lateral deflection of the plunger from the point of first contact with the arm should be between
30mm and 50mm.
1.3. Repeat on the opposite shoulder – reversing the support.
2. LEG JOINT STIFFNESS
2.1. Place manikin on its back on a horizontal plane (Figure 3) and strap the two lower legs together,
bringing the inside of the knee into contact.
2.2. Apply a vertical load over the knees with a 35mm � 95mm flat faced plunger with the centre line
of the plunger over the highest point of the knees.
2.3. Apply sufficient force to the plunger to bend the hips until the face of the plunger is 85mm above
the support plane. This force should be between 30N and 70N. Ensure lower limbs do not
contact any surface during the test.
Calibration should be carried out of a temperature between 15°C and 30°C.
ANNEX 8 – APPENDIX 3
DESCRIPTION OF THE 18 MONTHS MANIKIN
1.1. The dimensions and masses of the manikin are based on the anthropometry of
50 percentile child, 18 months old.
2.1.1. The head consists of a semi-rigid plastic skull covered with a head skin. The skull has a
cavity which allows for the mounting of (optional) instrumentation.
2.2.1. The neck consists of three parts:
2.2.2. A solid rubber column,
2.2.3. An adjustable OC joint at the top of the rubber column, allowing rotation under adjustable
friction around the lateral axis.
2.2.4. A non-adjustable spherical joint at the base of the neck.
2.3.1. The torso consists of a plastic skeleton, covered with a flesh/skin system. The torso has a
cavity in front of the skeleton and accepts a foam filling to achieve the correct stiffness of the
thorax. The torso has a cavity at the back which allows for the mounting of instrumentation.
2.4.1. The abdomen of the dummy is a one part deformable element which is inserted into the
opening between the thorax and the pelvis.
2.5. Lumbar Spine
2.5.1. The lumbar spine consists of a rubber column which is mounted between the thoracic
skeleton and the pelvis. The stiffness of the lumbar spine is pre-set using a metal cable
which runs through the hollow core of the rubber column.
2.6.1. The pelvis is made of a semi-rigid plastic, and is moulded in the shape of a child's pelvis. It
is covered with a flesh skin system, simulating the flesh/skin around the pelvis and buttocks.
3. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS
Mass Distribution of the 18 Months Manikin
No. Dimension Value (mm)
1 Back of buttocks to front of knee 239
2 Back of buttocks to popliteus, sitting 201
3 Centre of gravity to seat 193
4 Chest circumference 474
5 Chest depth 113
7 Head width 124
8 Head length 160
9 Hip circumference, sitting 510
10 Hip circumference, standing (not shown) 471
11 Hip depth, sitting 125
12 Hip width, sitting 174
13 Neck width 65
14 Seat to elbow 125
15 Shoulder width 224
17 Height, sitting 495
18 Shoulder height, sitting 305
19 Sole to popliteus, sitting 173
20 Stature (not shown) 820
21 Thigh height, sitting 66
4. ADJUSTMENT OF JOINTS
4.1.1. In order to achieve reproducible results using the manikins, it is essential to adjust the
friction in various joints, the tension in the lumbar spine, and the stiffness of the abdominal
All parts shall be checked for damage prior to these instructions.
4.3.4. The deflection of the abdominal insert after 2min shall be 12 ± 2mm.
4.4. Adjustment of the Neck
4.4.1. Mount the complete neck, consisting of the rubber column, spherical base joint and OC joint
against a vertical surface such that the frontal side is facing downward (Figure 4).
4.4.2. Apply a vertically directed force of 100N on the axis of the OC joint. The position of the
OC joint should display a downward displacement between 22 ± 2mm.
5.1.1. Although provisions have been made to equip the 18 months manikin with a number of
transducers, it is standard equipped with replacements of equal size and weight.
5.1.2. The calibration and measuring procedures shall be based upon the International Standard
5.2. Installation of the Accelerometer in the Chest
5.2.1. The accelerometer shall be mounted in the cavity in the chest. This is done from the rear of
5.3. Indication of Abdominal Penetration
5.3.1. The occurrence or absence of abdominal penetration shall be assessed using high speed
REAR IMPACT TEST PROCEDURE
1. INSTALLATIONS, PROCEDURES AND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
1.1. Testing Ground
The test area shall be large enough to accommodate the propulsion system of the impactor
and to permit after-impact displacement of the vehicle impacted and installation of the test
equipment. The part in which vehicle impact and displacement occur shall be horizontal. (The
slope shall be less than 3% measured over any length of 1m).
1.2.1. The impactor shall be of steel and of rigid construction.
1.2.2. The impacting surface shall be flat and at least 2,500mm wide and 800mm high. Its edges
shall be rounded to a radius of curvature of between 40 and 50mm. It shall be clad with a
layer of plywood 20 ± 1mm thick.
1.2.3. At the moment of impact the following requirements shall be met:
22.214.171.124. The impacting surface shall be vertical and perpendicular to the median longitudinal plane of
the impacted vehicle;
126.96.36.199. The direction of movement of the impactor shall be substantially horizontal and parallel to the
median longitudinal plane of the impacted vehicle;
188.8.131.52. The maximum lateral deviation permitted between the median vertical line of the surface of
the impactor and the median longitudinal plane of the impacted vehicle shall be 300mm. In
addition, the impacting surface shall extend over the entire width of the impacted vehicle;
184.108.40.206. The ground clearance of the lower edge of the impacting surface shall be 175 ± 25mm.
1.3. Propulsion of the Impactor
The impactor may either be secured to a carriage (moving barrier) or form part of a pendulum.
1.4. Special Provisions Applicable where a Moving Barrier is Used
1.4.1. If the impactor is secured to a carriage (moving barrier) by a restraining element, the latter
shall be rigid and be incapable of being deformed by the impact; the carriage shall, at the
moment of impact, be capable of moving freely and no longer be subject to the action of the
1.4.2. The combined mass of carriage and impactor shall be 1,100 ± 20kg.
ADDITIONAL ANCHORAGES REQUIRED FOR ATTACHING CHILD RESTRAINTS
IN THE SEMI-UNIVERSAL CATEGORY TO MOTOR VEHICLES
1. This Annex applies only to the additional anchorages for attaching child restraints in the
"semi-universal" category or to bars or other special items used to secure child restraining devices
to the bodywork, whether or not they make use of the Regulation No. 14 anchorages.
2. The anchorages shall be determined by the manufacturer of the child restraint and details shall be
submitted for approval to the Technical Service conducting the tests.
The Technical Services may take into account information obtained from the vehicle manufacturer.
3. The manufacturer of the child restraint shall provide the necessary parts for fitting the anchorages
and a special plan for each vehicle showing their exact location.
4. The child restraint manufacturer shall indicate if the anchorages required for attaching the restraint
to the car structure are in accordance with the position and strength requirements of Paragraph 3.
onwards in the recommendation given to Governments intending to adopt specific requirements
relating to anchorages for child restraints used in passenger cars.
1. The safety-belt for the dynamic test and for the maximum length requirement shall be made to
one of the two configurations shown in Figure 1. These are a three-point retracting belt and a
two-point static belt.
2. The three-point retracting belt has the following rigid parts: a retractor (R), a pillar loop (P),
two anchorage Points (A1 and A2) (see Figure 1b), and a central part (N, in detail in Figure 3).
The retractor shall comply with the requirements of Regulation No. 16 for retraction force. The
retractor spool diameter is 33 ± 0.5mm.
3. The retracting belt shall be fitted to the anchorages on the test seat, described in Annex 6,
Appendices 1 and 4, as follows:
Belt anchorage A1 shall be fitted to trolley anchorage B0 (outboard)
Belt anchorage A2 shall be fitted to trolley anchorage A (inboard)
Belt pillar loop P shall be fitted to trolley anchorage C.
Belt retractor R shall be fitted to trolley anchorage such that the spool centre-line is positioned
The value of X in Figure 1b below is 200 ± 5mm. The effective strap length between A1 and the
centre-line of the retractor spool Re (when the webbing is fully extracted including the minimum
length of 150mm for testing of universal and semi-universal categories shall be 2,820 ± 5mm
when measured in a straight line without load and on a horizontal surface; this length may be
increased for testing of restricted category; for all categories with the child restraint installed
there shall be a minimum of 150mm of strap length on the retractor spool.
4. The strap requirements for the belt are as follows:
Material: polyester spinnblack - width:
48 ± 2mm at 10,000N
1.0 ± 0.2mm
8 ± 2% at 10,000N
5. The two-point static belt as shown in Figure 1a consists of two standard anchorage plates as
shown in Figure 2 and a strap fulfilling the requirements of Paragraph 4. above.
6. The two-point belt anchorage plates shall be fitted to trolley anchorages A and B. The value of Y
in Figure 1a is 1,300 ± 5mm. This is the maximum length requirement for the approval of
universal child restraints with two-point belts (see Paragraph 6.1.9.).
Dimensions in mm
Typical Standard Anchorage Plate
Stopping of the rig during the overturning is not allowed.
The Paragraph aims to ensure that the CRS will sustain all imposed loads during the dynamic test,
keeping the child in position, by maintaining the original position and configuration. Any change in the
original configuration, including change in the reclining position or in the support leg length shall be
considered a failure. Any load bearing part or component failure, like adult safety belt contact points
(identified as a belt route), anti-rotation device or CRS chair shell shall be considered a failure, except
where such behaviour is clearly identified as load limiting device function.
Completely recessed means that with the leg in the stowed position, no part of the leg protrudes beyond
the surface of the base or shell, such that it has no effect on the position of the CRS on the test bench.
See the following figures for clarification examples.
Examples of Completely Recessed Support Leg
Examples of not Completely Recessed Support Leg
"Having regard to normal conditions of use" means that this test should be performed with the restraint
mounted on the test or vehicle seat but without the dummy.
The dummy shall be used only to position the adjusting device. In the first instance the straps should be
adjusted in accordance with Paragraphs 220.127.116.11.3.2. or 18.104.22.168.3.3. (whichever is appropriate). The test
should then be conducted after removal of the dummy.
This Paragraph shall not apply to guide straps which are approved separately under this Regulation.
10.1.3. In the case of extensions where the modifications affect only one CRS group, perform
extension test only for that group, and if the excursion result is worse than for the previous
worst case for the CRS (from any group from the original approval or previous extensions)
then conduct new production qualification tests. If the head excursion is no worse than any
other previous approval or extension testing (excluding PQ tests) further production
qualification testing is not required.
In cases where the extension modifications affect more than one group, for example if
extending a Group 2/3 CRS to add Group 1, but the modification can affect Group 2/3
(e.g.: strengthening), than perform Group 1 tests and the worst case Group 2/3 (original
approval). If any result is worse than the original approval or previous extension (excluding
PQ tests) then perform production qualification tests on the new worst case.
Always compare to the worst case from all approval and extension testing (excluding any
2. TEST FREQUENCY AND RESULTS
2.1. The frequency of testing to the requirements of Paragraphs 1.1. to 1.5. and 1.7. shall be on a
statistically controlled and random basis in accordance with one of the regular quality
assurance procedure, and shall be conducted at least once per year.
2.2. Minimum conditions for the control of conformity of child restraint systems of categories
"Universal", "Semi Universal" and "Restricted", in relation to the dynamic tests according to
In accordance with the relevant authorities, the holder of an approval will supervise the control
of conformity following the method of batch control (Paragraph 2.2.1.) or following the method
of continuous control (Paragraph 2.2.2.).
2.2.1. Batch Control for the Child Restraint Systems
22.214.171.124. The holder of an approval shall divide the child restraint systems into batches which are as
uniform as possible in regard to raw material or intermediate products involved in their
manufacture (different colour of shell, different manufacture of harness) and in regard to
production conditions. The numbers in a batch shall not exceed 5,000 units.
In agreement with the relevant authorities the tests can be carried out by the Technical
Service authorities or under the responsibility of the holder of an approval.
126.96.36.199. A sample shall be taken in each batch in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 188.8.131.52.
from a minimum of 20% of the batch quantity, which has to be produced of the actual batch.
184.108.40.206. The characteristics of the child restraint systems and the number of dynamic tests to be
conducted are given in Paragraph 220.127.116.11.
2.2.2. Continuous Control
18.104.22.168. The holder of an approval shall be obliged to carry out continuous quality control of his
manufacturing process on a statistical basis and by sampling. In agreement with the relevant
authorities, the tests can be carried out by the Technical Service authorities or under the
responsibility of the holder of an approval which is responsible for the traceability of the
22.214.171.124. The samples shall be taken in accordance with the provisions of Paragraph 126.96.36.199.
188.8.131.52. The characteristic of the child restraint systems is taken at random and the tests to be carried
out are described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.
220.127.116.11. Control shall meet the following requirements.
Child restraint systems taken
0.02% means one child restraint system taken from every
0.05% means one child restraint system taken from every
Degree of control rigour
This dual sampling plan functions as follows:
If the child restraint system is considered to conform, the production conforms.
If the child restraint system does not meet the requirements, a second child restraint system
shall be taken,
If the second child restraint system meet the requirements, the production conforms,
If both (the first and the second) child restraint systems do not meet the requirements, the
production does not conform and child restraint systems that are likely to present the same
failure shall be withdrawn and necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of
Strengthened control will replace normal control if, out of 10,000 child restraint systems
manufactured consecutively, the production has to be withdrawn twice.
Normal control is resumed if 10,000 child restraint systems manufactured consecutively are
considered to conform.
If production subjected to the strengthened control has been withdrawn on two consecutive
occasions, the provisions of Paragraph 13. are applied.
18.104.22.168. The continuous control of child restraint systems is undertaken starting after the production
22.214.171.124. The test results described in Paragraph 126.96.36.199. shall not exceed L, where L is the limit value
prescribed for each approval test.
TEST OF ENERGY ABSORBING MATERIAL
1.1. The headform shall consist of a solid wooden hemisphere with an added smaller spherical
segment as shown in Figure A below. It shall be constructed so that it can be dropped freely
along the axis marked and it shall have provision for mounting an accelerometer in order to
measure the acceleration along the direction of fall.
1.2. The headform shall have a total mass, including the accelerometer of 2.75 ± 0.05kg.
Dimensions in mm
The acceleration shall be recorded during the test, using equipment in accordance with channel
frequency class 1,000 as specified in the latest version of ISO 6487.
3.1. The assembled child restraint shall be placed in the region of impact on a rigid flat surface,
whose minimum dimensions are 500 � 500mm, so that the direction of impact is perpendicular to
the inner surface of the child restraint system in the area of impact.
3.2. Raise the headform to a height of 100 -0/+5mm from the respective upper surfaces of the
assembled child restraint to the lowest point on the headform, and allow it to fall. Record the
acceleration experienced by the headform during impact.
DESCRIPTION OF CONDITIONING OF ADJUSTERS
MOUNTED DIRECTLY ON CHILD RESTRAINTS
1.1. With the webbing set at the reference position described in Paragraph 8.2.7., withdraw at least
50mm of webbing from the integral harness by pulling on the free end of the webbing.
1.2. Attach the adjusted part of the integral harness to the pulling Device A.
1.3. Activate the adjuster and pull at least 150mm of webbing into the integral harness. This
represents half of one cycle and puts pulling Device A to the maximum webbing extraction
1.4. Connect free end of webbing to pulling Device B.
2. THE CYCLE IS:
2.1. Pull B at least 150mm whilst A exerts no tension on the integral harness.
2.2. Activate the adjusters and pull A whilst B exerts no tension on the free end of the webbing.
2.3. At the end of stroke, de-activate the adjuster.
2.4. Repeat cycle as specified in Paragraph 188.8.131.52.
DYNAMIC CRASH TEST INSTALLATION
1.1. Lap Belt Only
Fit load cell 1 to the outboard position as shown above. Install the child restraint and tension
the reference belt at the outboard position to achieve a load of 75N ± 5N at the outboard
1.2. Lap and Diagonal Belt
1.2.1. Fit load cell 1 to the outboard position as shown above. Install the child restraint into the correct
position. If a lock-off device is fitted to the child restraint and acts upon the diagonal belt, place
load cell 2 at a convenient position behind the child restraint between the lock-off device and
the buckle as shown above. If no lock-off device is fitted or if the lock-off device is fitted at the
buckle, position load cell at a convenient position between the pillar loop and the child restraint.
1. Installation is conducted after fitting the manikin into the restraint, for Paragraphs 1.1. and 1.2.
2. Because the foam test cushion will compress after installation of the child restraint, the dynamic
test shall be conducted no more than 10min after installation as possible. To allow the cushion to
recover, the minimum period between two tests using the same cushion shall be 20min.
3. Load cells fitted directly onto the belt webbing may be disconnected electrically, but shall be left
in place during the dynamic test. The mass of each cell is not to exceed 250g. Alternatively the
lap belt webbing load cell may be replaced by a load cell fixed at the anchorage point.
4. In the case of restraints fitted with devices intended to increase the adult safety-belt tension, the
test method shall be:
Install the child restraint system as required in this Annex and then apply the tensioner device as
stated in the manufacturers instructions. If the device cannot be applied due to excess tension
then it is deemed to be an unacceptable device.
5. No additional force shall be applied to the child restraint system other than the minimum required
to achieve the correct installation forces as specified in Paragraphs 1.1. and 1.2.2.
6. In case of carry-cot installed as described in Paragraph 184.108.40.206.6., the connection between the
adult safety belt and the restraint shall be simulated. A 500mm free end length adult safety belt
(measured as described in Annex 13) is connected by the anchoring plate described in Annex 13
to the prescribed anchoring points. The restraint is then connected to the free end adult safety
belts. The tension on the adult safety belt, measured between the anchoring point and the
restraint shall be 50 ± 5N.
Booster Pull Test Using Manikin Block
Load Application Device II
FLAMMABILITY OF MATERIALS INTENDED TO BE USED IN BUILT-IN
CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
"Occupant compartment air space" means the space within the occupant compartment that
normally contains refreshable air.
2. MATERIAL SELECTION (see Figure 1 below)
2.1. Any portion of a single or composite material which is within 13mm of the occupant
compartment air space shall meet the requirements in Paragraph 6.1.6.
2.1.1. Any material that does not adhere to other material(s) at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6.when tested separately
2.1.2. Any material that adheres to other materials at every point of contact shall meet the
requirements of Paragraph 6.1.6. when tested as a composite with the other material(s).
Material A has a non-adhering interface with Material B and is tested separately.
Part of Material B is within 13mm of the occupant compartment air space, and Materials B
and C adhere at every point of contact; therefore, B and C are tested as a composite.
The cut is in Material C as shown in Figure 1, to make a specimen 13mm thick
3. TEST PROCEDURE
3.1. The test is conducted in a metal cabinet for protecting the test specimens from drafts. The
interior of the cabinet is 381mm long, 203mm deep, and 356mm high. It has a glass
observation window in the front, a closable opening to permit insertion of the specimen holder,
and a hole to accommodate tubing for a gas burner. For ventilation, it has a 13mm clearance
space around the top of the cabinet, ten holes in the base of the cabinet, each hole 19mm in
diameter and legs to elevate the bottom of the cabinet by 10mm, all located as shown in
5.2. Place the mounted specimen in a horizontal position, in the centre of the cabinet.
5.3. With the flame adjusted according to 2.4, position the bunsen burner and specimen so that the
centre of the burner tip is 19mm below the centre of the bottom edge of the open end of the
5.4. Expose the specimen to the flame for 15s.
5.5. Begin timing (without reference to the period of application of the burner flame) when the flame
from the burning specimen reaches a point 38mm from the open end of the specimen.
5.6. Measure the time that it takes the flame to progress to a point 38mm from the clamped end of
the specimen. If the flame does not reach the specified end point, time its progress to the point
where flaming stops.
5.7. Calculate the burn rate from the formula:
B = 60 × (D/T)
B = Burn rate in millimeters per minute
D = Length the flame travels in millimeters, and
T = Time in seconds for the flame to travel D millimeters.
All Dimensions in Millimeters (mm)