Latest Articles

February 2019
Updates to EU and UK Type Approval Requirements Published to Cover Brexit

The UK's impending departure from the European Union will have implications on the application and acceptability of European Union type approvals issued to passenger cars ...

January 2019
Updated ECE Requirements on Airbag Warning Labels Proposed

At the November session of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), an 08 series of amendments to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ( ...

December 2018
ECE Regulation on Steering Updated to Cover Further Automatically Commanded Steering Functions

On 2nd November 2018, an 03 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 79 was published. This follows on from the previous 02 series of amendments to United Nations ...

2018

November 2018
The U.S. DOT Issued a Notice of Request for Comments on newly issued autonomous vehicle guidelines - Preparing for the Future of Transportation: Automated Vehicles 3.0 (AV 3.0)

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) has issued a Notice of Request for Comments on a newly issued autonomous vehicles document: The DOT has issued an update to ...

October 2018
ECE Adopts Updated Requirements on Selective Catalyst Reduction Systems for Light Duty Vehicles

The World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) has recently adopted a proposed Supplement 7 to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) ...

September 2018
China Introduces Reduced Fuel Consumption Limits for Heavy Duty Vehicles

The Chinese government have recently published an updated version of the Chinese Standard specifying the maximum permissible fuel consumption limits for heavy duty ...

August 2018
New EU Regulation on Heavy Duty Vehicle CO2 Emissions Monitoring Published

As part of the European Union's plans to implement a CO2 emissions reduction regime for heavy duty vehicles, on 9th July 2018, a new EU Regulation on the monitoring and ...

July 2018
New EU Type Approval Framework Regulation Published

On 14th June 2018, the new EU Regulation on the approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical ...

June 2018
EU Proposes New Regulation to Repeal and Replace (EC) No. 661/2009

On 17th May 2018, the European Commission published a draft new EU Regulation that will repeal and replace EC Regulation No. 661/2009 on the type approval requirements ...

May 2018
The FMCSA issues a Request for Comments to Identify Regulatory Barriers to Introducing Automated Driving Systems on Commercial Motor Vehicles in Interstate Commerce

This month's Spotlight article highlights another opportunity for stakeholder input for revising current regulations and/or drafting new ones regarding autonomous ...

April 2018
New Brazilian Resolution on Side Impact Protection Published

In January 2018, the Brazilian National Traffic Council (CONTRAN) published a new Resolution covering vehicle occupant protection requirements in the event of a side ...

March 2018
Draft ECE Regulation on International Whole Vehicle Type Approval (IWVTA) Adopted

In November 2017, at their 173rd session, the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) finally adopted the new United Nations Economic Commission for ...

February 2018
The NHTSA and the FHWA Issue Requests for Comments / Information to Identify Regulatory Barriers to Introducing Automated Driving Systems

Automated Driving Systems (ADSs) are increasingly being tested and introduced onto the public roadways. Although predicted by most to save lives and decrease injuries ...

January 2018
EU Proposes Mandatory Fitment of Onboard Fuel Consumption Measuring Devices

On 12th December 2017, the European Commission published a draft Regulation proposing the mandatory fitment of onboard fuel consumption measuring devices to all light ...

2017

December 2017
EU Proposes Post 2020 CO2 Emissions Targets for Light Duty Vehicles

The European Commission have recently published a draft Regulation proposing average CO2 emissions targets to be applied to light duty vehicles for the period beyond 2020 ...

November 2017
NHTSA and the U.S. DOT Update Voluntary Guidance Policy for Automated Vehicles

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) are continuing their quest to support the introduction of ...

October 2017
EU Updates Requirements on Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems (AVAS)

EU Regulation No. 2017/1576, which was published on 19th September 2017, amends EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound levels produced by motor vehicles to introduce new ...

September 2017
ECE Clarifies Anti-Lock Brake System Deactivation Switch Requirements for Motorcycles

On 26th July 2017, an 04 series of amendments to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation No. 78 covering the braking requirements for all L ...

August 2017
New EU Regulations on Light Duty Vehicle Emissions Published

On 7th July 2017, five important new EU Regulations on light duty vehicle emissions were published in the Official Journal of the European Union. These new EU Regulations ...

July 2017
Updated ECE Requirements on Automatically Commanded Steering Functions Proposed

To address the rapid development and deployment of advanced driver assistance systems that has occurred in the last couple of years, the World Forum for Harmonisation of ...

June 2017
Amendments to EU Requirements on Access to Repair and Maintenance Information Proposed

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 11th May 2017, the European Commission presented draft amendments to both the light duty vehicle and heavy ...

May 2017
Draft Indian Standard on New Mandatory Safety Features Published

In October 2016, the Indian Ministry of Transport and Highways published a proposal to mandate the fitment of speed warning devices, safety belt reminders, manual ...

April 2017
Expanded ECE Requirements on Safety Belt Reminder Fitment Proposed

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation No. 16 on safety belts and restraints systems currently mandates the fitment of a safety belt reminder ...

March 2017
European Commission Guidance Document on "Defeat Devices" Published

To address the highly publicised "emissions scandal", the European Commission have instigated a number of changes to the European Union's legal requirements on emissions ...

February 2017
EU Regulation on the Technical Requirements for eCall Systems Published

Following the publication of EU Regulation No. 2015/758, which mandated the fitment of in-vehicle eCall systems to all new types of M1 and N1 category vehicle from 31st ...

January 2017
NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Reduce the Risk of Pedestrian Crashes by Establishing Minimum Sound Requirements for Electric and Hybrid Vehicles

Listen for those electric and hybrid vehicles -- soon to be heard. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Final Rule on December 14, 2016 ...

2016

December 2016
New UN ECE Regulations Created Due to "Splitting" of Existing Regulations

At their 169th session, the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), formally adopted three new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE ...

November 2016
Further Draft European Union Regulation on Real Driving Emissions Published

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 3rd October 2016, the European Commission presented their first draft of the "third package" of ...

October 2016
USDOT and NHTSA Issue Federal Automated Vehicles Policy - Accelerating the Next Revolution in Roadway Safety

The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued the long-awaited guidance document covering usage of ...

September 2016
ECE Regulation on Rear Vision Updated to Permit Camera Based Systems

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on indirect vision requirements, ECE 46.04, has recently been amended to allow the fitment of camera ...

August 2016
Draft EU Regulation on Acoustic Vehicle Alerting Systems (AVAS) Published

Acoustic vehicle alerting systems (AVAS) are sound generating systems fitted to pure electric and hybrid electric vehicles. Their purpose is to generate sound when the ...

July 2016
NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Standardize Lighting and Marking Requirements for Agricultural Equipment in US

The National Highway Transportation Association (NHTSA) has issued a rare Final Rule regarding agricultural equipment. NHTSA has not regulated the manufacture of most ...

June 2016
European Union Proposal on Heavy Duty Vehicle CO2 Emissions Published

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting on 12th May 2016, the European Commission presented a first draft of an EU Implementing Regulation to introduce ...

May 2016
New European Union Requirements on Real Driving Emissions Published

The new EU requirements on real driving emissions (RDE), which introduce a new "on road" emissions test using a portable emissions measuring system (PEMS), have now been ...

April 2016
Proposal to Introduce the WLTP into the EU Emissions Requirements

To address concerns that the test procedure and drive cycle currently used for light duty vehicle emissions testing, known as the New European Drive Cycle or NEDC, does ...

March 2016
European Commission Proposes New Regulation to Replace 2007/46/EC

On 27th January, 2016, the European Commission published a draft new EU Regulation on the type approval and market surveillance of motor vehicles and their trailers, ...

February 2016
NHTSA Requests Comments on Proposals for Revising the New Car Assessment Program

The National Highway Transportation Association (NHTSA) considers the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) a success as indicated by the continued growth in consumer ...

January 2016
New ECE Regulation on Frontal Impact Adopted

At the 167th session of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in November 2015, a new UN ECE Regulation on frontal impact was adopted. This new ...

2015

December 2015
ECE Regulation on Glazing Updated to Permit Plastic Windscreens

On 9th November, 2015, Supplement 4 to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on glazing, ECE 43.01, was published. This Supplement ...

November 2015
Amendments to the EU General Safety Regulation Proposed to Update the List of UN ECE Regulations that Apply on a Compulsory Basis

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting held on 6th October, 2015, the European Commission submitted a proposal to amend the General Safety Regulation, ( ...

October 2015
Proposal to add Particulate Matter Measurement into the EU Heavy Duty In-Service Emissions Testing Requirements

At a Technical Committee - Motor Vehicles (TCMV) meeting held on 10th September, 2015, the European Commission submitted a proposal to amend the implementing Regulation ...

September 2015
New ECE Regulation on Electric Vehicles of Category L Adopted

To compliment ECE 100.02, which covers safety requirements for vehicles of categories M and N equipped with an electric powertrain, the United Nations Economic Commission ...

August 2015
ECE Regulation on the Prevention of Fire Risks Updated to Mandate Rear Impact Testing

The 03 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 34 on the prevention of fire risks were published on 22nd June 2015. This new series of amendments requires all M1 ...

July 2015
The NHTSA Issues Final Rule to Add New Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 136 Electronic Stability Control Systems for Heavy Vehicles

On June 23, 2015 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a Final Rule in the Federal Register that establishes a new Federal Motor Vehicle ...

June 2015
EU Regulation on eCall In-Vehicle Systems Published

On 19th May 2015, the European Union published a new Regulation, (EU) No. 2015/758, covering eCall in-vehicle systems. With effect from 31st March 2018, this new ...

May 2015
EU Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems Updated

EU Regulation No. 661/2009 introduced a requirement for the mandatory fitment of advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS) to M2, M3, N2 and N3 Category vehicles and EU ...

April 2015
The NHTSA Issues Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to Amend Seat Belt Anchorage Systems Regulation

Responding to Comments Received for the March 2012 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Supplementary Notice of ...

March 2015
The NHTSA Issues NPRM to Amend Child Restraint Regulations to Improve Ease of Use

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which proposes to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards 225 and 213 ...

February 2015
EU Regulation on Passenger Car Mandatory CO2 Emissions Limits Updated to Increase the Average Vehicle Mass Value

Compliance with EU Regulation No. 443/2009 on the CO2 emissions limits for new passenger cars is demonstrated using a formula specified within the Regulation. The formula ...

January 2015
European Union Proposes New Requirements on Real Driving Emissions

To address concerns that the real world emissions performance of light duty vehicles has not improved in line with the most recent reductions in the applicable type ...

2014

December 2014
European Type Approval Requirements for Multi Stage Built Vehicles Updated

Although EC Directive 2007/46/EC on European type approval has always contained specific requirements for vehicles built in multiple stages, experience gained in the ...

November 2014
UN ECE Requirements on EMC for "Plug-in" Vehicles Updated

The 05 series of amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 10 on electromagnetic compatibility were published on 16th October, 2014. This new series of amendments introduces ...

October 2014
New Brazilian Resolution on Interior Material Flammability Published

In August 2014, a new Resolution on the flammability of interior materials was published by Brazil's National Traffic Council (CONTRAN). In this new Resolution, ...

September 2014
The NHTSA Issues Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has issued an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking which proposes to create a new Federal Motor Vehicle Safety ...

August 2014
NHTSA Proposes to Remedy Two Issues by Publishing a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for Tire Identification and Recordkeeping

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to increase the manufacturer identifier portion of the tire ...

July 2014
New EU Regulation on Noise Emissions Published

New EU Regulation No. 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems represents the most significant change in the European legal ...

June 2014
Global Technical Regulation on Light Vehicle Emissions Test Procedure Published

With its publication as Global Technical Regulation (GTR) No. 15 on 12th May 2014, the finalised worldwide harmonised light vehicle test procedure (WLTP) represents a ...

May 2014
NHTSA Issued Final Rule for Rear Visibility

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has issued a Final Rule expanding the required field of view for all passenger cars, trucks, multipurpose ...

April 2014
FHWA Issues Request for Information for Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has issued a Request for Information (RFI) seeking comments to help refine plans, for one or more pilot programs that combine ...

March 2014
Amendments to the EU Light Duty and Heavy Duty Emissions Requirements Proposed

The European Commission have recently published a proposal for a new EU Regulation that would introduce amendments to both the light duty and heavy duty emissions ...

February 2014
NHTSA Issues Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for FMVSS 213 Child Restraint Systems

Supplementing the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for Part 572 - Anthropomorphic Test Devices (see InterRegs Spotlight Article - December 2013), the National Highway ...

January 2014
EU Requirements on Motorcycle Emissions and Lighting Installation Updated

Amending Directive 2013/60/EU was published on 10th December 2013. It increases the stringency of the emissions requirements applicable to L1e, L2e and L6e category ...

February 2019

Updates to EU and UK Type Approval Requirements Published to Cover Brexit

Following the UK's vote to leave the European Union in 2016 and their subsequent invoking of Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union on 29th March 2017, the UK is due to leave the European Union on 29th March 2019. From a type approval perspective, the UK leaving the European Union will have significant implications on the application and acceptability of European Union type approvals issued under any of the following EU Directives and Regulations or their subsidiary EU Directives and Regulations:

  • 2007/46/EC covering motor vehicles (passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, vans, trucks, buses and coaches) and their trailers.
  • (EU) No. 167/2013 covering agricultural and forestry tractors and trailers.
  • (EU) No. 168/2013 covering two or three wheeled vehicles and quadricycles.
  • (EU) No. 2016/1628 covering internal combustion engines for non-road mobile machinery.

Once the UK leaves the EU, the UK will not be able to issue EU type approvals and EU Member States will not be obliged to accept any existing EU type approvals issued by the UK Type Approval Authority, the Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA). Similarly, the UK will no longer be obliged to accept any EU type approvals issued by the Type Approval Authorities of other EU Member States.

Under the Withdrawal Agreement that has been negotiated between the EU and the UK, there would be a "transition period" after 29th March 2019, during which the existing type approval arrangements would continue to apply as they do today. However, if the Withdrawal Agreement has not been fully ratified by both the UK and the EU by the 29th March 2019, the UK could leave the EU without an agreement in place, the so called "no deal Brexit" scenario, and the restrictions on the validity and acceptability of EU type approvals would commence on that date.

In preparation for a possible "no deal Brexit" scenario, both the EU and UK governments have been working on amendments to their respective type approval requirements to cater for such a scenario. In both cases, the intention of these amendments is to minimise the impact on industry whilst ensuring that the essential legal requirements are respected.

From the EU side, on 10th January 2019, EU Regulation No. 2019/26 was published in the Official Journal of the European Union. This Regulation specifies new provisions that have been put in place for holders of EU type approvals issued by the VCA that wish to sell and register their products in other EU Member States after the UK leaves the EU. The basic provisions specified by this new Regulation can be summarised as follows:

  • Manufacturers that currently hold an EU type approval issued by the VCA can apply for a new EU type approval for the same vehicle, system or component from the Type Approval Authority of any other EU Member State.
  • The new Type Approval Authority will issue the new EU type approval based on the vehicle, system or component being of an existing type, rather than it being treated as a new type.
  • When issuing a new EU type approval, the new Type Approval Authority may accept the test reports used to support the original VCA issued type approval even if the Technical Service that carried out that testing is not a designated Technical Service of the new Type Approval Authority.

From the UK side, on 11th December 2018, the UK Department for Transport issued a draft version of The Road Vehicles and Non-Road Mobile Machinery (Type Approval) (EU Exit) Regulations and, on 21st January 2019, a slightly amended version of this draft was laid in Parliament. This draft Regulation specifies new provisions that have been put in place, including specific provisions for holders of EU type approvals issued by the Type Approval Authorities of other EU Member States that wish to sell and register their products in the UK after the UK leaves the EU. The basic provisions specified by this new Regulation can be summarised as follows:

  • EU system and component type approvals issued by the Type Approval Authorities of other EU Member States will continue to be recognised in the UK after the UK leaves the EU.
  • Whole vehicle EU type approvals issued by the VCA will continue to be accepted for registration purposes in the UK after the UK leaves the EU.
  • Whole vehicle EU type approvals issued by the Type Approval Authorities of other EU Member States will no longer be accepted for registration purposes in the UK after the UK leaves the EU.
  • Manufacturers that currently hold an EU whole vehicle type approval issued by the Type Approval Authority of another EU Member State can apply to the VCA for a provisional UK type approval which will allow them to register vehicles in the UK after the UK leaves the EU.
  • The requirements for provisional UK type approval will be identical to the current EU type approval requirements. Therefore, the issue of a provisional UK type approval to a vehicle with a valid EU whole vehicle type approval will only be an administrative process.

Please note that this is only a summary of the new type approval provisions being put in place by the EU and the UK. It is recommended that vehicle, system and component manufacturers that will be affected by these new provisions, i.e.:

  • Holders of EU type approvals issued by the VCA that wish to sell and register their products in other EU Member States after the UK leaves the EU, and
  • Holders of EU type approvals issued by the Type Approval Authorities of other EU Member States that wish to sell and register their products in the UK after the UK leaves the EU.

should study these new Regulations in detail and seek guidance from the relevant Type Approval Authorities as required.

Nick Bowyer