Latest Articles

April 2024
New UN ECE Regulation on Real Driving Emissions Published

On March 19, 2024, a new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on the real driving emissions (RDE) of light duty passenger and commercial ...

March 2024
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Issued a Final Rule (FR) to Amend Consumer Product Safety Standard for Four-Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs)

The CPSC issued a Final Rule (FR) in the Federal Register: Volume 89, Number 15 dealing with16 CFR Part 1420 for ATV safety. The CPSC addressed the comments that were ...

February 2024
NHTSA Issue ANPRM Regarding Advanced Drunk and Impaired Driving Prevention Technology

On January 5, 2024 the NHTSA published an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) in the Federal Register. This notice deals with Advanced Impaired Driving ...

2024

January 2024
EU Regulations on the In-Service Verification Testing of CO2 Emissions Published

(EU) 2019/631, which is the EU Regulation on the CO2 emissions performance standards for new passenger cars and for new light commercial vehicles, includes a requirement ...

2023

December 2023
EU Regulation on Advanced Driver Distraction Warning Systems Published

On November 22, 2023, a new European Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2023/2590 on Advanced Driver Distraction Warning (ADDW) systems was published. The fitment of ...

November 2023
Updates to Australian Design Rule on Side Impact Proposed

On September 22, 2023, the Australian Government published a proposed update to the Australian Design Rule (ADR) on dynamic side impact occupant protection; ADR 72/00. ...

October 2023
The NHTSA Issue a Proposal to Amend Anthropomorphic Test Devices

The NHTSA has published in the Federal Register a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for an optional dummy to be part of 49 CFR Part 572, Anthropomorphic Test Devices. ...

September 2023
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) Issues a Proposal to Amend Consumer Product Safety Standard for Four-Wheel All-Terrain Vehicles (ATVs)

The CPSC has published in the Federal Register an NPRM updating 16 CFR Part 1420 to reflect the latest version of ANSI/SVIA 1-2007. The major updates reflected in the ...

August 2023
Draft EU Regulation on Recyclability and End of Life Vehicles Published

Following a review of the current EC Directives on End of Life Vehicles (ELVs) and on the reusability, recyclability and recoverability of motor vehicles, the European ...

July 2023
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Issued a Proposal to Add a New Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) to Require Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) for Light Vehicles

The new rulemaking requires Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB), including Pedestrian AEB (PAEB), systems on light vehicles. The new requirements (FMVSS 127 - Automatic ...

June 2023
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Issued a Proposal to Amend Specific Provisions in the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule (40 CFR Part 98)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is updating the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule (GHGR). EPA indicates that this is being done to improve the quality and ...

May 2023
Draft EU Regulation on Advanced Driver Distraction Warning Systems Published

On March 24, 2023, the European Commission published a draft Delegated Regulation on Advanced Driver Distraction Warning (ADDW) systems, which are defined as systems that ...

April 2023
Updated UN ECE Regulation on Automated Lane Keeping Systems Published

Updated UN ECE Regulation on Automated Lane Keeping Systems Published On March 3, 2023, the 01 Series of Amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 157 on Automated Lane ...

March 2023
Updates to UN ECE Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems for Heavy Vehicles Published

On February 21, 2023, an 02 Series of Amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 131 on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS) for heavy vehicles were formally published. The ...

February 2023
The EPA Proposes New Rule to Revise 2023 through 2025 Calendar Year Renewable Fuel Standard Program (40 CFR Part 80 and Part 1090)

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued proposed rulemaking in the December 30, 2022 Federal Register (F.R. Vol. 87 No. 250) - EPA 40 CFR Part 80 and Part 1090 ( ...

January 2023
Two New ECE Regulations to Protect Vulnerable Road Users Adopted

At the 188th session of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in November, two new UN ...

2022

December 2022
Draft EU Regulation on Euro 7 Emissions Requirements Published

A draft version of the new EU Regulation specifying the Euro 7 emissions requirements that will apply to all M and N category vehicles was published on the European ...

November 2022
Updates to UN ECE Regulation on Hydrogen Fuel Systems Published

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation No. 134 on hydrogen fuel systems was originally published in June 2015 and, although its scope covered ...

October 2022
The Department of Transportation (DOT) Issued a Request for Information (RFI) Enhancing the Safety of Vulnerable Road Users at Intersections

The DoT is searching for data, information and ideas to make intersections safe for Vulnerable Road Users (VRUs) and vehicles. The request focuses on adapting existing ...

September 2022
Scope of EU Regulations on Heavy Duty Vehicle CO2 Emissions Expanded

To allow for the full implementation and monitoring of the European Union’s policies on the reduction of CO2 emissions from heavy duty vehicles, it will be necessary to ...

August 2022
NHTSA Issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) Regarding Event Data Recorders (EDRs)

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is proposing to amend the regulation for Event Data Recorders (EDRs) to extend the recording period for timed ...

July 2022
Updates to the EU Regulation on Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Proposed to Cover Vehicles using Pure Biodiesel

With the increased commercial availability of diesel fuels containing a higher proportion of biodiesel, e.g. (B20) ad (B30), and even pure biodiesel (B100), the European ...

June 2022
Draft Updates to the EU Regulation on Light Duty Vehicle Emissions Published

On May 23, 2022, the European Commission published a draft Regulation containing proposed amendments to (EU) 2017/1151 on light duty vehicle emissions. The package of ...

May 2022
Draft EU Regulations on the Type Approval of Fully Automated Vehicles Published

The European Commission have recently published two draft EU Regulations which pave the way for the more widespread deployment of fully automated vehicles in Europe. One ...

April 2022
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Issued a Request for Comments (RFC) Regarding Adding Additional Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) to the New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) Plus Other Updates

NHTSA published in the Federal Register a Request for Comments (RFC) on proposed actions to the NCAP (New Car Assessment Program). These actions include adding four new ...

March 2022
Draft EU Regulation on Administrative Fines for Type Approval Non-Compliance Published

EU Regulation No. 2018/858 introduced provisions which require the European Commission to carry out compliance verification activities on vehicles and components that are ...

February 2022
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Issued a Final Rule Creating FMVSS 227 – Bus Rollover Structural Integrity

On December 29, 2021 NHTSA published in the Federal Register a Final Rule (FR) establishing FMVSS 227 - Bus Rollover Structural Integrity. This FR ensures that bus roofs ...

January 2022
Scope of UN ECE Regulation on Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems Extended

On December 17, 2021, the 01 Series of Amendments to UN ECE Regulation No. 141 on Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS) were formally published. The mandatory fitment ...

2021

December 2021
EU Regulation on Intelligent Speed Assistance Systems Published

On November 17, 2021, new European Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/1958 on Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) systems was published. The fitment of ISA systems ...

November 2021
EU and UN ECE Develop New Regulations on Event Data Recorders

In recent weeks, there have been some important developments in both the European Union (EU) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) regarding new ...

October 2021
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Proposed New Rule to Revise 2023 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions Standards

The EPA issued a proposal in the August 10, 2021 Federal Register to increase the stringency of GHG Emission and Fuel Economy on Light Vehicles. Near term actions are for ...

September 2021
EU Regulation on Driver Drowsiness and Attention Warning Systems Published

On August 16, 2021, new European Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2021/1341 on Driver Drowsiness and Attention Warning (DDAW) systems was published. The fitment of ...

August 2021
Two New ECE Regulations to Protect Vulnerable Road Users Published

The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) have recently published two new UN ECE Regulations covering systems which are intended to assist drivers in ...

July 2021
Draft EU Regulation on Type Approval Market Surveillance Requirements Published

On June 8, 2021, the European Commission published a new draft EU Implementing Regulation for EU Regulation No. 2018/858 on the approval and market surveillance of motor ...

June 2021
NHTSA Seeks To Repeal The Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient Vehicles Part One: One National Program

Published in the May 12, 2021 Federal Register, a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) proposes to fully repeal the regulatory text and appendices promulgated in the "The ...

May 2021
EU Regulation on Emergency Lane Keeping Systems Published

The mandatory fitment of Emergency Lane Keeping Systems (ELKS) is one of the new safety features required by EU Regulation 2019/2144, and to support the introduction of ...

April 2021
New UN ECE Regulation on Automated Lane Keeping Systems Published

On March 4, 2021, new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation No. 157-00 on automated lane keeping systems was officially published. This new ...

March 2021
Draft EU Regulation on Driver Drowsiness and Attention Warning Systems Published

The mandatory fitment of Driver Drowsiness and Attention Warning (DDAW) systems is one of the new safety features mandated by EU Regulation 2019/2144, and to support the ...

February 2021
New Chinese Standards on Advanced Driver Assistance Systems Published

The Chinese Government have published three new standards which specifically cover advanced driver assistance systems. Chinese standard GB/T 39263-2020 specifies terms ...

January 2021
NHTSA Seeks Additional Input for Development of a Framework for Automated Driving System (ADS) Safety

As noted in the InterRegs December Bulletin, NHTSA had authored an ANPRM on Automated Driving Systems that was to be released in the Federal Register soon. In the ...

2020

December 2020
Updates to UN ECE Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems Published

Since the publication of the original version of UN ECE Regulation No. 152 on advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS) for M1 and N1 category vehicles, the Informal ...

November 2020
New Australian Road Vehicle Standards Legislation Published

In preparation for the mandatory implementation of the Australian Road Vehicle Standards Act 2018, on September 30, 2020, the Australian Government published a new 03 ...

October 2020
The NHTSA/DOT issue Interim Final Rule and Request for Comments Regarding Delay of FMVSS 141 Minimum Sound Requirements for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles

NHTSA has published an Interim Final Rule along with a Request for Comments in response to a petition asking for relief in meeting phase-in and full compliance dates for ...

September 2020
EU Proposes Revisions to the Post 2020 Average CO2 Monitoring Requirements for Light Duty Vehicles

As specified in Regulation (EU) 2019/631, the average CO2 emissions targets applicable to passenger car and light commercial vehicle manufacturers will switch from being ...

August 2020
New UN ECE Regulations on Cyber Security and Software Updates Adopted

At the 181st session of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in June 2020, two new ...

July 2020
New Chinese Standards on Electric Vehicles and Batteries Published

As part of an exercise to update the safety requirements applicable to electrically powered vehicles, China has recently published three new Chinese standards. GB 38031- ...

June 2020
Updates to ECE Regulation on Lighting Installation Adopted

At the 180th session of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in March 2020, an 07 ...

May 2020
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Proposes Revisions to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards (FMVSSs) to Accommodate Automated Driving Systems (ADS)

In the March 30th Federal Register (Vol. 85; No.61) the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published a proposal to modify many of the 200 Series ...

April 2020
Taiwan Delays the Introduction Dates for Certain New Safety Requirements

In January 2020, the Taiwanese Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC) issued an updated version of their Motor Vehicle Safety Testing Regulations which ...

March 2020
USDOT Expands Autonomous Vehicle Support and Requests Comments

The Office of the Secretary for the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) issued Automated Vehicles 4.0: Ensuring American Leadership in Automated Vehicle ...

February 2020
New ECE Regulation on Blind Spot Information Systems Published

On January 13, 2020, a new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) Regulation on Blind Spot Information Systems for the detection of bicycles, ECE ...

January 2020
New EU General Safety Regulation Published

The long awaited new EU General Safety Regulation was finally published in the Official Journal of the European Union on 16th December 2019 as EU Regulation No. 2019/2144 ...

2019

December 2019
EU Regulation on Aerodynamic Devices for Trucks and Trailers Published

On November 12, 2019, a new EU Regulation was published which introduced amendments to EU Regulation No. 1230/2012 on the type approval requirements for masses and ...

November 2019
NHTSA Issues an Advanced Proposal for the Addition of a Seat Belt Use Warning System for Rear Seats

On September 27, 2019 (FR Vol. 84 No. 188) the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) (Docket ...

October 2019
NHTSA Issues an NPRM to allow more Flexibility in the Pedestrian Alert Sounds of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

On September 17, 2019 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to amend Federal Motor Vehicle Safety ...

September 2019
New EU Regulation on CO2 Emissions Targets for Heavy Duty Vehicles Published

On July 25, 2019, a new European Union Regulation specifying CO2 emissions reduction targets for heavy duty vehicles, EU Regulation No. 2019/1242, was published in the ...

August 2019
New UN ECE Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems Adopted

At the 178th session of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) in June 2019, a new UN ECE Regulation on Advanced Emergency Braking Systems (AEBS ...

July 2019
US Federal Agencies are Continuing to Pursue Rulemaking related to Autonomous Vehicles

On May 28, 2019 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposed an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) and is seeking public comment on ...

June 2019
Draft Amendments to EU Regulation on Heavy Duty Vehicle Emissions Published

On 17th May 2019, the European Commission published a draft Regulation introducing "Step E" of the Euro VI heavy duty emissions requirements. The two main amendments ...

May 2019
Major Revisions to UN ECE Regulations on Lamps and Reflectors Adopted

At its recent 177th session, the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29) adopted three new United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE) ...

April 2019
New Australian Road Vehicle Standards Legislation Published

A number of significant changes to the Australian legislative requirements regarding the importation and first provision of road vehicles and their components have been ...

March 2019
Draft EU Regulation on Aerodynamic Devices for Trucks and Trailers Published

On 30th January 2019, the European Commission published a draft Regulation proposing amendments to EU Regulation No. 1230/2012 on the type approval requirements for ...

February 2019
Updates to EU and UK Type Approval Requirements Published to Cover Brexit

The UK's impending departure from the European Union will have implications on the application and acceptability of European Union type approvals issued to passenger cars ...

January 2019
Updated ECE Requirements on Airbag Warning Labels Proposed

At the November session of the World Forum for Harmonisation of Vehicle Regulations (WP.29), an 08 series of amendments to United Nations Economic Commission for Europe ( ...

August 2023

Draft EU Regulation on Recyclability and End of Life Vehicles Published

The current European Union legal requirements relating to the recyclability and recycling of End of Life Vehicles (ELV's) are covered by two separate Directives, both of which are only applicable to M1 and N1 category vehicles (i.e. passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, pick-up trucks and vans):

  • Directive 2000/53/EC, as last amended by Directive (EU) 2020/362, on End of Life Vehicles, and
     
  • Directive 2005/64/EC, as last amended by Directive 2009/1/EC, on the reusability, recyclability and recoverability of motor vehicles.

Both of these Directives have recently been subject to review under the European Union’s "circular economy action plan" and "new industrial strategy for Europe" which aim to "promote more circular business models by linking design issues to end of life treatment, consider rules on mandatory recycled content for certain materials and improve recycling efficiency". As a result of this review, the European Commission has developed a completely new EU Regulation on circulatory requirements for vehicle design and on management of end of life vehicles, which will repeal and replace both of the existing Directives. A draft version of this new EU Regulation was published for public comment on the European Commission’s "Better Regulation" web site on July 14, 2023, with the reference COM(2023) 451 Final.

An important point to note regarding this draft EU Regulation is that, in parallel to developing this new Regulation, the European Commission are also developing a separate new EU Regulation on batteries which will include requirements on the sustainability, performance, safety, collection, recycling and second life use of all types of battery, including automotive batteries. Therefore, all automotive batteries will fall under the scope of the new “battery” Regulation, rather than this new draft "vehicle" Regulation.

The requirements contained within the draft Regulation on circulatory requirements for vehicle design and on management of end of life vehicles encompass all of the processes applicable throughout the whole of the vehicle’s life, from the vehicle’s design and construction through to the end of life treatment (i.e. dismantling, shredding, etc.) of individual end of life vehicles. Therefore, the draft Regulation includes requirements which are applicable to vehicle manufacturers, component suppliers, authorised treatment facilities, repair and maintenance operators, component remanufacturers and refurbishers and the Competent Authorities designated to ensure compliance with the specified requirements.

The following is a brief summary of some of the key requirements from the draft Regulation which specifically apply to vehicle manufacturers and their component suppliers:

  • Whilst the initial scope of the new Regulation is aligned with that of the existing EC Directives (i.e. M1 and N1 category vehicles only), it is proposed that, from 5 years after the publication of the Regulation, the scope of the new Regulation is expanded to include M2, M3, N2 and N3 category vehicles (i.e. buses, coaches, trucks and tractor units), all O category vehicles (i.e. trailers) and certain L category vehicles (i.e. motorcycles, tricycles and quadricycles).
     
  • The requirement for vehicles to be designed to be at least 85% reusable or recyclable by mass and at least 95% reusable or recoverable by mass, calculated in accordance with ISO 22628:2002, is carried over from Directive 2005/64/EC. However, the European Commission is tasked with establishing a new methodology for this calculation within 3 years of the publication of the Regulation, and it is proposed that compliance with the minimum reuse, recycling and recovery percentage rates using this new methodology will become mandatory for new types of vehicle from 6 years after the publication of the Regulation.
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  • The restriction on the use of lead, mercury, cadmium and hexavalent chromium in the construction of vehicles, along with the permitted exemptions from this restriction, is carried over from Directive 2000/53/EC. However, the draft Regulation also requires compliance with the material restrictions specified within other relevant EU Regulations, e.g. (EC) 1907/2006 and (EU) 2019/1021.
     
  • The requirement for all plastic and elastomer components to be marked with their material coding, in accordance with specified ISO standards, is carried over from Directive 2000/53/EC.
     
  • A new labelling requirement for permanent magnet electric drive motors is proposed in the draft Regulation. Such electric drive motors would be required to be labelled with information on the number, type and material specification of any permanent magnets contained within them.
     
  • From 3 years after the publication of the Regulation, for new vehicle types, the vehicle manufacturer must generate a "circularity strategy" describing the ongoing actions and procedures implemented by the manufacturer to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Regulation. This "circularity strategy" must be provided to the European Commission within 30 days after type approval for the applicable vehicle type is issued, and the European Commission will make all vehicle manufacturers' "circularity strategies" publicly available.
     
  • From 6 years after the publication of the Regulation, it is proposed that, for new vehicle types, at least 25% by mass of the plastics fitted to each vehicle must be recycled from post consumer plastic waste. Furthermore, the draft Regulation specifies that at least 25% of that recycled plastic must come from end of life vehicles. The European Commission is tasked establishing a new methodology for the calculations necessary to establish compliance with these requirements within 2 years of the publication of the Regulation.
     
  • The European Commission is tasked with undertaking a feasibility study into specifying a minimum percentage of recycled steel to be used in vehicle construction within 2 years of the publication of the Regulation.
     
  • The European Commission is tasked with undertaking a feasibility study into specifying a minimum percentage of recycled aluminium, aluminium alloys, magnesium and magnesium alloys to be used in vehicle construction within 3 years of the publication of the Regulation.
     
  • The European Commission is tasked with undertaking a feasibility study into specifying a minimum percentage of recycled neodymium, dysprosium, praseodymium, terbium, samarium or boron to be used in the manufacture of electric drive motors within 3 years of the publication of the Regulation.
     
  • To assist the European Commission in undertaking the above feasibility studies, from 3 years after the publication of the Regulation, for new vehicle types, the vehicle manufacturer must provide the Type Approval Authority with a declaration on the percentage of recycled steel, aluminium, aluminium alloy, magnesium, magnesium alloy, neodymium, dysprosium, praseodymium, terbium, samarium and boron used in the vehicle’s construction.
     
  • From 3 years after publication of the Regulation, vehicle manufacturers must provide waste management operators and repair and maintenance operators with unrestricted, free of charge access to information to allow for the safe removal and replacement of key vehicle components e.g. electric vehicle battery, electric drive motor, internal combustion engine, gearbox, catalytic converters, wiring harnesses, glazing, etc.
     
  • From 6 years after publication of the Regulation, it is proposed that all new vehicle types must be designed to allow the damage free removal and replacement of electric vehicle batteries and electric drive motors by authorised treatment facilities or by repair and maintenance operators during the vehicle’s useful life and during the waste phase of the end of life vehicle treatment process.
     
  • From 6 years after publication of the Regulation, it is proposed that all new vehicle types must be designed to allow for the removal of key vehicle components, e.g. internal combustion engine, gearbox, catalytic converters, wiring harnesses, glazing, etc., from the vehicle by authorised treatment facilities during the waste phase of the end of life vehicle treatment process.
     
  • From 7 years after the publication of the Regulation, it is proposed that the vehicle manufacturer must generate a "circularity vehicle passport" for each individual vehicle containing information to allow for the safe removal and replacement of key vehicle components e.g. electric vehicle battery, electric drive motor, internal combustion engine, gearbox, catalytic converters, wiring harnesses, glazing, etc. This "circulatory vehicle passport" must be in a digital format and be accessible free of charge.

Nick Bowyer